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Connected and Automated Vehicles

Connected and Automated Vehicles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Energy Efficient Driving of Road Vehicles

Energy Efficient Driving of Road Vehicles Book
Author : Antonio Sciarretta,Ardalan Vahidi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-08-01
ISBN : 3030241270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book elaborates the science and engineering basis for energy-efficient driving in conventional and autonomous cars. After covering the physics of energy-efficient motion in conventional, hybrid, and electric powertrains, the book chiefly focuses on the energy-saving potential of connected and automated vehicles. It reveals how being connected to other vehicles and the infrastructure enables the anticipation of upcoming driving-relevant factors, e.g. hills, curves, slow traffic, state of traffic signals, and movements of nearby vehicles. In turn, automation allows vehicles to adjust their motion more precisely in anticipation of upcoming events, and to save energy. Lastly, the energy-efficient motion of connected and automated vehicles could have a harmonizing effect on mixed traffic, leading to additional energy savings for neighboring vehicles. Building on classical methods of powertrain modeling, optimization, and optimal control, the book further develops the theory of energy-efficient driving. In addition, it presents numerous theoretical and applied case studies that highlight the real-world implications of the theory developed. The book is chiefly intended for undergraduate and graduate engineering students and industry practitioners with a background in mechanical, electrical, or automotive engineering, computer science or robotics.

Towards Connected and Autonomous Vehicle Highways

Towards Connected and Autonomous Vehicle Highways Book
Author : Umar Zakir Abdul Hamid,Fadi Al-Turjman
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030660427
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book combines comprehensive multi-angle discussions on fully connected and automated vehicle highway implementation. It covers the current progress of the works towards autonomous vehicle highway development, which encompasses the discussion on the technical, social, and policy as well as security aspects of Connected and Autonomous Vehicles (CAV) topics. This, in return, will be beneficial to a vast amount of readers who are interested in the topics of CAV, Automated Highway and Smart City, among many others. Topics include, but are not limited to, Autonomous Vehicle in the Smart City, Automated Highway, Smart-Cities Transportation, Mobility as a Service, Intelligent Transportation Systems, Data Management of Connected and Autonomous Vehicle, Autonomous Trucks, and Autonomous Freight Transportation. Brings together contributions discussing the latest research in full automated highway implementation; Discusses topics such as autonomous vehicles, intelligent transportation systems, and smart highways; Features contributions from researchers, academics, and professionals from a broad perspective.

Connected and Automated Vehicles 2018

Connected and Automated Vehicles 2018 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 9781510878273
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Connected and Automated Vehicles

Connected and Automated Vehicles Book
Author : Raj Ponnaluri,Priyanka Alluri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 0128208856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disruption in Transportation, as some experts say, is here; so is this book at this critical inflection point in the history of transportation planning, engineering, and operations. With a focus on improving safety and maximizing available systems to accommodate all modes of travel, this work brings together an array of topics and themes on transportation technologies under the banner of Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV). The emerging technology implementing entities, industry leaders, original equipment manufacturers, standard development organizations, researchers, and others are singularly focused on a global multilogue to promote Safety, Mobility, Environment, and Economic Development (SMEEd). These discussions are technologically interdisciplinary and procedurally cross-functional, hence the need for CAV: Developing Policies, Designing Programs, and Deploying Projects. This book is aimed at the policy-maker who wants to know the high-level detail; the planner who chooses to pursue the most efficient path to implementation; the professional engineer who needs to design a sustainable system; the practitioner who considers deployable frameworks; the project manager who oversees the system deployment; the private sector consultant who develops and delivers a CAV program; and the researcher who evaluates the project benefits and documents lessons learned. This book makes a business case for implementing CAV technologies to achieve SMEEd goals; presents the possibilities and challenges to deploying emerging technologies; identifies the institutional roles and responsibilities; and develops a policy framework for mainstreaming CAV. A comprehensive perspective on emerging technologies and CAV policies, planning, and practice A practical guide to support the development of a policy framework, business case, and justify funding A real-world experience-driven discussion with case studies, lessons learned, and road map creation A goal-oriented and practitioner-focused detail to draft, design, and deploy emerging technologies and CAV to achieve safety and mobility outcomes

AVENUE21 Connected and Automated Driving Prospects for Urban Europe

AVENUE21  Connected and Automated Driving  Prospects for Urban Europe Book
Author : Mathias Mitteregger,Emilia M. Bruck,Aggelos Soteropoulos,Andrea Stickler,Martin Berger,Jens S. Dangschat,Rudolf Scheuvens,Ian Banerjee
Publisher : Springer Vieweg
Release : 2021-11-13
ISBN : 9783662641422
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access publication examines the impact of connected and automated vehicles on the European city and the conditions that can enable this technology to make a positive contribution to urban development. The authors argue for two theses that have thus far received little attention in scientific discourse: as connected and automated vehicles will not be ready for use in all parts of the city for a long time, previously assumed effects – from traffic safety to traffic performance as well as spatial effects – will need to be re-evaluated. To ensure this technology has a positive impact on the mobility of the future, transport and settlement policy regulations must be adapted and further developed. Established territorial, institutional and organizational boundaries must be investigated and challenged quickly. Despite – or, indeed, because of – the many uncertainties, we find ourselves at the beginning of a new design phase, not only in terms of technology development, but also regarding politics, urban planning, administration and civil society.

FUNDAMENTALS OF CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED VEHICLES

FUNDAMENTALS OF CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED VEHICLES  Book
Author : JEFFREY. WISHART
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9780768099805
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in Smart Cities

Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in Smart Cities Book
Author : Hussein T. Mouftah,Melike Erol-Kantarci,Sameh Sorour
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-17
ISBN : 1000258971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive coverage of the five fundamental yet intertwined pillars paving the road towards the future of connected autonomous electric vehicles and smart cities. The connectivity pillar covers all the latest advancements and various technologies on vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications/networking and vehicular cloud computing, with special emphasis on their role towards vehicle autonomy and smart cities applications. On the other hand, the autonomy track focuses on the different efforts to improve vehicle spatiotemporal perception of its surroundings using multiple sensors and different perception technologies. Since most of CAVs are expected to run on electric power, studies on their electrification technologies, satisfaction of their charging demands, interactions with the grid, and the reliance of these components on their connectivity and autonomy, is the third pillar that this book covers. On the smart services side, the book highlights the game-changing roles CAV will play in future mobility services and intelligent transportation systems. The book also details the ground-breaking directions exploiting CAVs in broad spectrum of smart cities applications. Example of such revolutionary applications are autonomous mobility on-demand services with integration to public transit, smart homes, and buildings. The fifth and final pillar involves the illustration of security mechanisms, innovative business models, market opportunities, and societal/economic impacts resulting from the soon-to-be-deployed CAVs. This book contains an archival collection of top quality, cutting-edge and multidisciplinary research on connected autonomous electric vehicles and smart cities. The book is an authoritative reference for smart city decision makers, automotive manufacturers, utility operators, smart-mobility service providers, telecom operators, communications engineers, power engineers, vehicle charging providers, university professors, researchers, and students who would like to learn more about the advances in CAEVs connectivity, autonomy, electrification, security, and integration into smart cities and intelligent transportation systems.

Road Vehicle Automation 3

Road Vehicle Automation 3 Book
Author : Gereon Meyer,Sven Beiker
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-07-01
ISBN : 3319405039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This edited book comprises papers about the impacts, benefits and challenges of connected and automated cars. It is the third volume of the LNMOB series dealing with Road Vehicle Automation. The book comprises contributions from researchers, industry practitioners and policy makers, covering perspectives from the U.S., Europe and Japan. It is based on the Automated Vehicles Symposium 2015 which was jointly organized by the Association of Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) and the Transportation Research Board (TRB) in Ann Arbor, Michigan, in July 2015. The topical spectrum includes, but is not limited to, public sector activities, human factors, ethical and business aspects, energy and technological perspectives, vehicle systems and transportation infrastructure. This book is an indispensable source of information for academic researchers, industrial engineers and policy makers interested in the topic of road vehicle automation.

DATA DRIVEN OPTIMIZATION BASED TRANSPORTATION MODELS FOR CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED VEHICLES

DATA DRIVEN OPTIMIZATION BASED TRANSPORTATION MODELS FOR CONNECTED AND AUTOMATED VEHICLES Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Abstract : This dissertation proposes a data-driven optimization-based framework to model traffic dynamics under uncertainty including travel demand, transportation network (i.e. route choice), and connected and automated driving dynamics (on freeways and arterials) using connected vehicle data though Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V), Vehicle-to-Infrastructure (V2I), and Vehicle-to-Network (V2N) communications. To model travel demand dynamics, this dissertation proposes Distributionally Robust Stochastic Optimization (DRSO) using V2N data. A challenge of modeling travel demand dynamics directly using the real-world V2N data is the incomplete and inaccurate trajectory records from the raw data due to technical and privacy issues. Through the proposed DRSO models, this dissertation offline reconstructs the missing choices of activity locations, durations, and paths using the partially observed trajectories from a real-world connected vehicle dataset. This dataset contains around 2,800 connected vehicles over two separate months in Southeast Michigan from the Safety Pilot Model Deployment (SPMD) project. For modeling route choice dynamics, this dissertation develops a Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR) based DRSO model for the route choice problem under the impacts of travel time uncertainties and travelers' risk attitudes using vehicle trajectory data from the SPMD dataset. The proposed CVaR-DRSO model offline estimates route choices under uncertainties by using a data-driven uncertainty set. For modeling connected and automated driving, this dissertation develops DRSO-based Model Predictive Control (MPC) models with Distributionally Robust Chance Constraints (DRCC). For the connected and automated driving on freeways (i.e. uninterrupted flow facilities), a DRSO-DRCC based MPC model is proposed to improve the stability, robustness, and safety for the online longitudinal cooperative automated driving of a platoon of Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) under uncertain traffic conditions by using real-time V2V data. For the energy efficient connected and automated driving on arterials (i.e. interrupted flow facilities), a DRSO-DRCC based MPC model is developed to improve the safety, energy, efficiency, driving comfort, and robustness of the automated driving on signalized arterials under traffic uncertainties by using real-time V2I and V2V data. This dissertation provides a comprehensive data-driven optimization-based framework to model the traffic dynamics using the connected vehicle data and improve the connected and automated driving control under uncertainty based on CAV technologies.

Symposium on Artificial Intelligence

Symposium on Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9781988886398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Robotic Cars Test Platform for Connected and Automated Vehicles

Robotic Cars Test Platform for Connected and Automated Vehicles Book
Author : Marc Julia Carrillo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9781339528434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis is about implementing a test platform to carry on research about connected and automated vehicles in a small scale. The main goal is to design, set up and try the platform, together with documenting everything so other people can use it in the future.The technology needed for autonomous cars is already available. However, a lot of testing needs to be done before they become commercially available, in order for them to be totally safe and reliable.The test platform to be built had to be able to reproduce the main features of autonomous vehicles (self-guidance, monitoring of the surroundings, wireless communication, etc.) but keeping it simple to manage and low in price, so many vehicles could be used at the same time. For these reasons, the final vehicles were built for less than $300 using an Arduino Leonardo as the main controller, a Zumo Robot Shield as structure, a little Computer Vision Camera named Pixy Cam to monitor the surroundings, and an XBee module for the wireless communication. These robotic vehicles move around circuits created with black tape on white vinyl, so to keep the platform flexible and not tied to any specific place.Finally, with the basis of the platform set up, the creation of a traffic jam in a ring road without bottlenecks has been reproduced. These has shown the reliability of the platform and its possibilities to use it for traffic management and automated vehicles studies.

Connected and Automated Vehicles Public Survey Report

Connected and Automated Vehicles Public Survey Report Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Connected and Automated Vehicles Public Survey Report book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in Smart Cities

Connected and Autonomous Vehicles in Smart Cities Book
Author : Hussein T. Mouftah,Melike Erol-Kantarci,Sameh Sorour
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-18
ISBN : 1000259250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive coverage of the five fundamental yet intertwined pillars paving the road towards the future of connected autonomous electric vehicles and smart cities. The connectivity pillar covers all the latest advancements and various technologies on vehicle-to-everything (V2X) communications/networking and vehicular cloud computing, with special emphasis on their role towards vehicle autonomy and smart cities applications. On the other hand, the autonomy track focuses on the different efforts to improve vehicle spatiotemporal perception of its surroundings using multiple sensors and different perception technologies. Since most of CAVs are expected to run on electric power, studies on their electrification technologies, satisfaction of their charging demands, interactions with the grid, and the reliance of these components on their connectivity and autonomy, is the third pillar that this book covers. On the smart services side, the book highlights the game-changing roles CAV will play in future mobility services and intelligent transportation systems. The book also details the ground-breaking directions exploiting CAVs in broad spectrum of smart cities applications. Example of such revolutionary applications are autonomous mobility on-demand services with integration to public transit, smart homes, and buildings. The fifth and final pillar involves the illustration of security mechanisms, innovative business models, market opportunities, and societal/economic impacts resulting from the soon-to-be-deployed CAVs. This book contains an archival collection of top quality, cutting-edge and multidisciplinary research on connected autonomous electric vehicles and smart cities. The book is an authoritative reference for smart city decision makers, automotive manufacturers, utility operators, smart-mobility service providers, telecom operators, communications engineers, power engineers, vehicle charging providers, university professors, researchers, and students who would like to learn more about the advances in CAEVs connectivity, autonomy, electrification, security, and integration into smart cities and intelligent transportation systems.

Intelligent Transportation Systems and Connected and Automated Vehicles

Intelligent Transportation Systems and Connected and Automated Vehicles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 9780309441353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Ethics of Connected and Automated Vehicles

Ethics of Connected and Automated Vehicles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9789276215943
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The European Commission's strategy on cooperative, connected and automated mobility (CCAM) aims to make Europe a world leader in the development and deployment of connected and automated vehicles (CAVs). Expectations are high. These vehicles can bring down road fatalities to near zero , increase accessibility of mobility services and help to reduce harmful emissions from transport by making traffic more efficient. To reap the full benefits of these vehicles, many challenges have to be addressed: societal, technical, regulatory, economic, environmental and ethical.

Ethics of Connected and Automated Vehicles

Ethics of Connected and Automated Vehicles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9789276178675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAVs) are emerging as a new technology and new form of mobility in Europe. Expectations are high: these vehicles can bring down the number of road fatalities near zero; increase accessibility of mobility services; and help to reduce harmful emissions from transport by making traffic more efficient. However, technological progress alone will not be able to bring about the full potential of CAVs. The timely and systematic integration of ethical and societal considerations, from inception to use, will be essential to ensure their ethical and positive impact. With its strategy on Connected and Automated Mobility, the European Commission aims to make Europe a world leader in the development and deployment of CAVs. To tackle ethical issues, the Commission formed in 2019 an independent Expert Group to provide practical support to researchers, policymakers, manufacturers and developers in the safe and responsible transition towards connected and automated mobility. The 20 recommendations presented in this report consider ethical principles and shared moral values as stimuli in shaping CAV innovation, rather than be perceived as an obstruction to their progress.

Providing Traffic Control Device Information in a Connected and Automated Vehicle Environment

Providing Traffic Control Device Information in a Connected and Automated Vehicle Environment Book
Author : Richard Atta Boateng
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traffic control devices (TCDs) play a critical role in delivering regulatory, warning, informational, and guidance information to drivers. Transportation agencies devote considerable resources to support TCD installation and maintenance. However, as connected vehicles develop and vehicle automation becomes a reality, the potential exists to replace or augment TCDs with a digital connection. This project investigated the development of a digital TCD (DTCD) data service, focusing on signs and pavement markings. To do so, the research team investigated emerging wireless communications capabilities, identified infrastructure information needs of automated vehicles, reviewed Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT) current TCD practices, and surveyed existing data service systems. The results of the study led to the following conclusions: Automated and connected vehicles will be most directly served with a comprehensive DTCD data service as opposed to deriving information from physical devices. A portion of the data needed to populate a DTCD data service exists in VDOT database systems. There is a need for a national standard for DTCD data services. VDOT should conduct a prototype study to gain experience developing and operating a DTCD data service.

The Key Principles of Cyber Security for Connected and Automated Vehicles

The Key Principles of Cyber Security for Connected and Automated Vehicles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Traffic Flow Control for Connected and Automated Vehicles Using Spring Mass Damper System

Traffic Flow Control for Connected and Automated Vehicles Using Spring Mass Damper System Book
Author : Soohyuk Bang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study presents a strategy for platoon formation and evolution of connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) for all traffic condition (stable and unstable traffic) and various vehicle composition based on a Spring-Mass-Damper (SMD) system. First, this study presents a strategy for platoon formation and evolution of connected and autonomous vehicles (CAVs) in free-flow traffic. CAV platoon formation and evolution are controlled by the spring constant and damping coefficient of the SMD system. Valid domains of these control parameters are derived based on physical vehicle properties (e.g., bounded acceleration/deceleration) for realistic control. The result suggests that the most efficient platooning can be achieved by the maximum relationship (where the spring constant is set at its maximum for given flow) between the spring constant and flow with critical-damping. However, the cubic relationship, coupled with over-damping, is more desirable in low flow states to allow more freedom for vehicles to cut in and out. Second, this study proposes the control method that aims to improve the platoon efficiency and stability after a cut-in movement (e.g., lane change and merging from on-ramp). The method seeks to resolve a disturbance created by a cut-in vehicle by systematically setting spring constant and damping coefficient based on the prevailing traffic condition. The control method is evaluated through simulation based on the changes of speed and spacing, recovery time to reach the desired speed, disturbance propagation, and platoon flow. The simulation result shows that the control method can effectively reduce the disturbance caused by a cut-in movement and improve platoon flow. Lastly, heterogeneous CAVs and mixed traffic of CAVs and manual vehicle are dealt as a way of extending this study. In case of the heterogeneous CAVs, based on their capabilities such as maximum acceleration and the desired time gap, the optimal order of CAVs that shown the best efficiency is found. For the mixed traffic, due to the different characteristics of CAVs and manual vehicles, the impact of CAVs on the manual vehicle occurs. Thus, this study proposes the range of the spring constant and damping coefficient to absorb the impact.