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Congenital Heart Disease And Neurodevelopment

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Neurodevelopmental and Psychological Phenotypes in Congenital Heart Disease

Neurodevelopmental and Psychological Phenotypes in Congenital Heart Disease Book
Author : Christopher McCusker,Frank Casey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-06-01
ISBN : 9780128016404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical and surgical advances have meant that greater numbers of children with even the most severe congenital heart disease (CHD) now survive well into adulthood. This essentially represents an emergent clinical population. Empirical studies over the past 20 years have suggested certain neurodevelopmental and psychological features are common, with a phenotype becoming clear and implications for clinical interventions being internationally articulated. This volume brings together the work of the leading researchers in this area from the U.K., Europe, and the U.S. These include longitudinal studies which have tracked neurodevelopmental and psychological outcomes from birth through to late childhood. In this book, the emergent phenotype will be explored and, importantly, etiologies, risk, and protective factors elucidated using longitudinal designs that strengthen proposed models. Uniquely, the U.K. Belfast Center has developed and evaluated early intervention programmes to circumvent the common problems discerned and promote optimal adjustment and outcomes. The first edition of Neurodevelopmental and Psychological Phenotypes in Children with Congenital Heart Disease describes these programs in detail and outlines promising results obtained by researchers worldwide. Such interventions, together with the U.S. consensus statement (Circulation, 2012) on neurodevelopmental screening, will be considered as models of good clinical interventions for this population. * Written by the leading research experts in the field - U.K., U.S. and Europe. * Derived from cutting-edge research in the area conducted by the authors, who have led longitudinal studies that have strengthened findings and model credibility. * Describes leading research from Boston that link neurodevelopmental phenotypes with cutting edge neuroimaging studies. * Discusses the first series of early intervention studies developed in Belfast targeted at key developmental transitions - birth/diagnosis, early childhood and adolescence originally * Each section features clinical implications and action points. * Generalizable potential of interventions across other pediatric populations.

Neuro Development and Psychological Issues in Congenital Heart Defects

Neuro Development and Psychological Issues in Congenital Heart Defects Book
Author : Antonio F. Corno,Elisabeth M.W.J. Utens
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-02-07
ISBN : 2889454282
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neuro Development and Psychological Issues in Congenital Heart Defects book written by Antonio F. Corno,Elisabeth M.W.J. Utens, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Congenital Heart Disease and Neurodevelopment

Congenital Heart Disease and Neurodevelopment Book
Author : Christopher McCusker,Frank Casey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-05-03
ISBN : 0128017929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Congenital Heart Disease and Neurodevelopment: Understanding and Improving Outcomes brings together the work of leading researchers from the U.K., Europe, and the U.S. to provide a comprehensive examination of the causes, risks, and neurodevelopmental and psychological outcomes in children with congenital heart disease. The book includes longitudinal studies which have tracked outcomes from birth through late childhood and explores the emergent phenotype and etiologies, risk, and protective factors that strengthen proposed models. Medical and surgical advances have meant that greater numbers of children with even the most severe congenital heart disease (CHD) now survive well into adulthood. Studies over the past 20 years have suggested certain neurodevelopmental and psychological features are common, with clinical interventions being internationally articulated. The U.K. Belfast Center has developed and evaluated unique early intervention programs to circumvent the common problems discerned and promote optimal adjustment and outcomes. The first edition of Congenital Heart Disease and Neurodevelopment: Understanding and Improving Outcomes describes these programs in detail and outlines promising results obtained by researchers worldwide. Such interventions, together with the U.S. consensus statement (Circulation, 2012) on neurodevelopmental screening, hold great promise for clinical interventions. Features input from leading research experts in the field Describes cutting-edge research on longitudinal studies that link neurodevelopmental phenotypes with cutting-edge neuroimaging studies Discusses the first series of early intervention studies developed in Belfast targeted at key developmental transitions—birth and diagnosis, early childhood, and adolescence Includes clinical implications and action points in each section Features generalizable potential of interventions across other pediatric populations

Postoperative Brain Volumes are Associated with One year Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Children with Severe Congenital Heart Disease

Postoperative Brain Volumes are Associated with One year Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Children with Severe Congenital Heart Disease Book
Author : Eliane Christine Meuwly
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Postoperative Brain Volumes are Associated with One year Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Children with Severe Congenital Heart Disease book written by Eliane Christine Meuwly, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Neurodevelopmental Outcome Psychological Adjustment and Quality of Life in Adolescents with Congenital Heart Disease

Neurodevelopmental Outcome  Psychological Adjustment  and Quality of Life in Adolescents with Congenital Heart Disease Book
Author : Christina Juliane Schaefer,Felix Hans Sennhauser (Pädiater, Schweiz)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Neurodevelopmental Outcome Psychological Adjustment and Quality of Life in Adolescents with Congenital Heart Disease book written by Christina Juliane Schaefer,Felix Hans Sennhauser (Pädiater, Schweiz), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Incidence and Timing of Brain Injury and Its Influence on Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Infants Undergoing Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease

The Incidence and Timing of Brain Injury and Its Influence on Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Infants Undergoing Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease Book
Author : Julia Kate Gunn
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Incidence and Timing of Brain Injury and Its Influence on Neurodevelopmental Outcome in Infants Undergoing Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease book written by Julia Kate Gunn, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

An Examination of the Neurodevelopmental and Psychosocial Care Provided to Pediatric Patients with Congenital Heart Disease and Their Families

An Examination of the Neurodevelopmental and Psychosocial Care Provided to Pediatric Patients with Congenital Heart Disease and Their Families Book
Author : Nathan Lee Basile
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current study was conducted to explore the current neurodevelopmental and psychosocial care practices provided to pediatric patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and their families who receive care at cardiac centers in North American hospitals. A survey was created for the study and emailed to pediatric cardiology providers employed at North American pediatric cardiology clinics. The final sample included 47 pediatric cardiac providers representing unique North American hospitals. Of the participating hospitals, 68.09% reported the presence of an established cardiac neurodevelopmental program at their cardiac center. Most commonly, providers reported that the inpatient care team refers patients to the cardiac neurodevelopmental program and patients are contacted for enrollment prior to being discharged. It was reported that 44.68% of cardiac teams systematically evaluate and screen children with CHD for disabilities or delays. The American Heart Association and American Academy of Pediatrics age recommendations for systematically screening and evaluating high risk patients with CHD for disabilities or delays were reportedly followed by 8.51% of cardiac teams when screening patients with a cyanotic CHD and 6.38% of cardiac teams when screening high risk patients with an acyanotic CHD (Marino et al., 2012; AAP, 2006). Cardiac clinics that do not screen high risk patients for developmental disabilities or delays most frequently reported that communication does not occur between their patients0́9 cardiac and primary care providers to ensure recommendations are followed. Pediatric to adult CHD transition programs are reportedly established at 74.47% of the represented cardiac centers. Compared to cardiac centers without a transition program, centers with a transition program were found to be more likely to begin preparing patients age 16 or younger for their transition to adult CHD care. Patients are referred to psychology on an as needed basis by the majority of cardiac teams, and social work was most commonly reported to be a liaison to the cardiac team that does not require a referral to provide care. Patients, parents, and siblings are reportedly screened for psychosocial maladjustment at 40.43%, 17.02%, and 10.64% of the represented cardiac centers, respectively. Providers reported that patients are most frequently screened during yearly follow-up appointments and parents are most frequently screened around the time their child is diagnosed with CHD. In terms of psychosocial care, providers perceived their teams to be strongest in their ability to educate patients and families about CHD and weakest in their ability to attend to the psychological needs of siblings. Barriers to providing developmental and psychosocial care included a lack of resources and the absence of dedicated mental health professionals on the cardiac team, and facilitators to providing care included the integration of social work and the availability of a cardiac neurodevelopmental program at the cardiac center. Future research should consider continuing the identification of feasible and efficacious psychosocial and developmental services that may assist cardiac centers as they strive to meet the suggested guidelines for care.

Hippocampal Shape and Volume Alterations in Youth Born with a Congenital Heart Defect

Hippocampal Shape and Volume Alterations in Youth Born with a Congenital Heart Defect Book
Author : Kimberly Fontes
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"There is a high prevalence of neurodevelopmental impairments in individuals living with congenital heart disease (CHD) and the neural correlates of neurodevelopmental impairments are not yet fully understood. Recent studies have shown that hippocampal volume and shape differences may provide unique biomarkers for neurodevelopmental disorders. The hippocampus is vulnerable to early life injury, especially in populations at risk for hypoxia or ischemia such as in neonates with CHD. Therefore, we compared hippocampal grey and white matter volume and morphometry between youth born with CHD aged 16-24 years and healthy peers. We also explored whether hippocampal volume and morphometry are associated with executive function and self-regulation deficits. To do so, participants underwent 3T brain magnetic resonance imaging and completed the self-reported Behaviour Rating Inventory of Executive Function, Adult version. Hippocampal circuitry was segmented using the Multiple Automatically Generated Templates brain segmentation algorithm to extract volume and morphometry. We found that youth with CHD had smaller hippocampal volumes (all statistics corrected for False Discovery rate; q

Neurodevelopmental Disabilities

Neurodevelopmental Disabilities Book
Author : Michael Shevell,International Child Neurology Association
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Neurodevelopmental disabilities are a common problem in child health. This book takes a comprehensive approach to addressing these often challenging clinical diagnoses. In particular, it focuses on the two most common of childhood neurodevelopmental disabilities: global developmental delay and developmental language impairment. It seeks to put forward our present conceptualization of these entities as well as their proper evaluation and assessment and diagnosis from a variety of perspectives. It also provides details on our current understanding of the scientific basis of these disorders and their underlying causes. Issues related to medical management, rehabilitation, and eventual outcomes are also addressed in a detailed way. The book has wide appeal to those in paediatrics, developmental paediatrics, child neurology, and paediatric rehabilitation. Its geographic appeal includes both developed and developing nations as some chapters are devoted to the particular issues faced in underdeveloped countries. The book's focus on both clinical and scientific aspects is invaluable in this field. It also provides extensive information in a single source relating to often-overlooked areas such as medical management, rehabilitation, public policy, and ethics."--Publisher's website.

Literature Review

Literature Review Book
Author : M. P. Armstrong
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Literature Review book written by M. P. Armstrong, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Clinical Psychology and Congenital Heart Disease

Clinical Psychology and Congenital Heart Disease Book
Author : Edward Callus,Emilia Quadri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-24
ISBN : 8847056993
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes those psychological features specifically characteristic of patients with congenital heart disease, from birth to adulthood. The combination of case studies, descriptions of life experiences and psychological recommendations and collaboration with non-profit organizations in the field ensure that it will serve as an excellent day-to-day learning tool. Technological advances in cardiology and cardiac surgery have resulted in an increase in the number of adults with congenital heart disease, creating a new emergency. From when they are born, these patients and their relatives require extensive support for many reasons, including the uncertainty and restrictions in their lives, frequent hospitalizations and difficulties in the work and social spheres. Clinical Psychology and Congenital Heart Disease explains how psychology can contribute to healthcare treatment of patients with congenital heart disease and their families. Emphasis is placed on the need for a multidisciplinary approach to ensure the well-being of the patient and the clinician is provided with insights and instruments that will assist greatly in the provision of appropriate support.

Cerebrovascular Autoregulation in Preoperative Neonates with Congenital Heart Disease Compared to Healthy Controls

Cerebrovascular Autoregulation in Preoperative Neonates with Congenital Heart Disease Compared to Healthy Controls Book
Author : Nhu Nguyen Tran
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Background: Congenital Heart Disease (CHD) is one of the leading birth defects in the United States, encompassing approximately 40,000 neonates (newborns) annually (American Heart Association, 2015; Reller, Strickland, Riehle-Colarusso, Mahle, & Correa, 2008). Advances in surgical technique and postoperative management result in approximately 1.3 million adults who are CHD survivors (American Heart Association, 2016). Despite efforts aimed at prevention and early detection of developmental delays in infants and children, many with CHD will have neurologic deficits lasting into adulthood, influencing employability, self-care, and quality of life (Pike et al., 2007; von Rhein et al., 2014). Large multicenter studies have ruled out surgical factors as independent predictors for these developmental delays leading to examination of factors more intrinsic to the neonate as the cause for poor outcomes (Gaynor et al., 2015; Newburger et al., 2012). A hypothesis not extensively examined is whether impaired Cerebrovascular Autoregulation (CA), is responsible for poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes in preoperative neonates with CHD (Paulson, Strandgaard, & Edvinsson, 1990). Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess CA in neonates with and without CHD, and to evaluate the association of CA with neurodevelopmental outcomes. The specific aims of this study were to: 1) Compare CA between 28 preoperative neonates with CHD and 16 age- and gender-matched healthy neonates at less than 12 days of age; 2) Examine associations between impaired CA and abnormalities in motor, auditory, and visual functions when controlling for preoperative neonates with and without CHD; and 3) Exploratory Aim: Determine associations of clinical factors such as: a) 1 minute Apgar scores, b) cord pH, c) head circumference, and d) birth weight to impaired CA. Methods: This study was a prospective, cross- sectional, 2-group case control design. We enrolled 44 neonates (28 with CHD and 16 healthy controls). Inclusion/exclusion criteria were chosen to decrease variability in CA. CA was determined using regional cerebral oxygenation (rSO2) with the INVOS Somanetics Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) 5100C (Troy, MI) device and a postural change. The Einstein Neonatal Neurobehavioral Assessment Scale (ENNAS) measured neurodevelopmental outcomes. Results: The 2 test revealed no significant difference in impaired CA between CHD and control groups (p =.38). Multiple linear regressions showed CHD neonates significantly associated with poorer total neurodevelopmental scores ( =9.30, p =.02) and motor scores ( = 7.6, p = .04) when controlling for CA status. Independent t-tests demonstrated baseline and sitting rSO2 were significantly lower in the CHD neonates (p

Nadas Pediatric Cardiology

Nadas  Pediatric Cardiology Book
Author : Alexander S. Nadas
Publisher : W B Saunders Company
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of the well respected Nadas' Pediatric Cardiology includes all tools for diagnosis and management of the pediatric patient with heart disease. Both acquired and congenital heart disease are covered in this practical and accessible textbook. Therapy and surgery of the pediatric cardiac patient are covered from basics through clinical applications. Provides quick access to understanding complex heart problems Includes updated information on high profile pediatric cardiology problems from a clinical perspective Includes an index of drugs used in pediatric heart conditionsm Features 7 new chapters including Sedation and Anesthesia; Cardiac Transplantation and Tissue Engineering; and Clinical Research.

Capute Accardo s Neurodevelopmental Disabilities in Infancy and Childhood Neurodevelopmental diagnosis and treatment

Capute   Accardo s Neurodevelopmental Disabilities in Infancy and Childhood  Neurodevelopmental diagnosis and treatment Book
Author : Pasquale J. Accardo,Arnold J. Capute
Publisher : Brookes Pub
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781557667564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first of two volumes comprising the third edition of the core text for certification in neurodevelopmental disabilities in pediatrics, this definitive resource prepares future clinicians to skillfully assess and treat a range of neurodevelopmental dis

Neuroscience Research Advances

Neuroscience Research Advances Book
Author : Benito Figueredo,Fidel Meléndez
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9781606929674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroscience is the scientific study of the nervous system. Survival infants with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at significant risk for neurodevelopmental impairment, either as a result of in utero physiological effects of abnormal circulation, associated congenital brain anomalies, neurodevelopmental compromise before, during and after surgical repair, or combinations of all these factors. This book examines the neurodevelopmental outcomes for patients with CHD, risk factors for adverse neurodevelopmental sequelae and peri- and intraoperative neuromonitoring and neuroprotective strategies. Furthermore, electroencephalography (EEG) has been utilized for decades in the neonatal intensive care unit to assess brain maturation, detect and localise brain injury, diagnose seizures and give prognostic information. This book reviews specific EEG/aEEG patterns and their value in predicting long term neurodevelopmental outcomes in premature infants. Also examined are the risks and benefits of physical activity in epileptics, sports in which epileptics may participate and the positive effect of physical exercise in experimental models of epilepsy. Other chapters in this book examine the presence of neurofibrillary tangles in the brain, tangle dominant dementia (TDD), a sporadic subtype of late onset progressive dementia, the effects of methylphenidate (MPD) treatment in adolescence on MPD response in adulthood, and a discussion of the "neurodevelopmental abnormality" theory, which proposes that some schizophrenics suffer from subtle neurodevelopmental insults during foetal development.

Anderson s Pediatric Cardiology E Book

Anderson   s Pediatric Cardiology E Book Book
Author : Robert H. Anderson,Kumar Krishna,Kathleen A. Mussato,Andrew Redington,James S. Tweddell,Justin Tretter
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2019-04-29
ISBN : 0702079243
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As a leading reference on pediatric cardiology and congenital heart disease, Anderson's Pediatric Cardiology provides exhaustive coverage of potential pediatric cardiovascular anomalies, potential sequelae related to these anomalies, comorbidities and neurodevelopmental problems, and current methods for management and treatment. The fully revised 4th Edition addresses significant and ongoing changes in practice, including recent developments in fetal, neonatal, and adult congenital heart conditions as well as expanded content on intensive care, nursing issues, and societal implications. The outstanding illustration program provides superb visual guidance, and is now supplemented with a remarkable collection of more than 200 professionally curated, author-narrated videos. Offers authoritative, long-term coverage of a broad spectrum of cardiology conditions ranging from fetal development to age 21, including congenital heart disease, adult congenital heart disease (ACHD), acquired heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and rhythm disturbances. Features exceptionally detailed and original drawings by Dr. Robert Anderson and Diane Spicer, including over 850 anatomic, photographic, imaging, and algorithmic figures, and incorporating new images using virtual dissections of 3D datasets obtained in living patients. Contains new chapters on quality improvement in congenital heart disease, models of care delivery, neurocognitive assessment and outcomes, psychosocial issues for patients and families, ethics, nursing implications, acute and chronic renal complications, and telemedicine. Offers a completely new section on fetal imaging and management. Provides a new focus on patient and family-centered care with expert advice on how to communicate difficult diagnoses to patients and families. Features new integration of nursing content into all disease-specific chapters, as well as updated content on genetics, congenital heart disease and follow-up, and new imaging modalities. Contains chapters on new and emerging topics such as MRI and Quantifying the Fetal Circulation in Congenital Cardiac Disease; Congenital Anomalies of the Coronary Arteries; and The Global Burden of Pediatric Heart Disease and Pediatric Cardiac Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries. Shares the experience and knowledge of an international team of multidisciplinary experts in medicine and advanced practice nursing.

Sabiston Spencer Surgery of the Chest

Sabiston   Spencer Surgery of the Chest Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2010
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Sabiston Spencer Surgery of the Chest book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.