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Conceptual Breakthroughs In Evolutionary Genetics

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Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics Book
Author : John C. Avise
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-01-18
ISBN : 0124202373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics is a pithy, lively book occupying a special niche—the conceptual history of evolutionary genetics— not inhabited by any other available treatment. Written by a world-leading authority in evolutionary genetics, this work encapsulates and ranks 70 of the most significant paradigm shifts in evolutionary biology and genetics during the century-and-a-half since Darwin and Mendel. The science of evolutionary genetics is central to all of biology, but many students and other practitioners have little knowledge of its historical roots and conceptual developments. This book fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. This fascinating chronological journey along the many conceptual pathways to our modern understanding of evolutionary and genetic principles is a wonderful springboard for discussions in undergraduate or graduate seminars in evolutionary biology and genetics. But more than that, anyone interested in the history and philosophy of science will find much of value between its covers. Provides a relative ranking of 70 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and genetics Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science Extensively cross-referenced with a guide to landmark papers and books for each topic

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Book
Author : Laurence Mueller
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-25
ISBN : 0128160144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although biologists recognize evolutionary ecology by name, many only have a limited understanding of its conceptual roots and historical development. Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. Written by a world-renowned evolutionary ecologist, this book embodies a unique blend of expertise in combining theory and experiment, population genetics and ecology. Following an easily-accessible structure, this book encapsulates and chronologizes the history behind evolutionary ecology. It also focuses on the integration of age-structure and density-dependent selection into an understanding of life-history evolution. Covers over 60 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and ecology Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Book
Author : Michael D. Breed
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-01-25
ISBN : 0128095458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior highlights, through concise summaries, the most important discoveries and scientific revolutions in animal behavior. These are assessed for their relative impact on the field and their significance to the forward motion of the science of animal behavior. Eighty short essays capture the moment when a new concept emerged or a publication signaled a paradigm shift. How the new understanding came about is explained, and any continuing controversy or scientific conversation on the issue is highlighted. Behavior is a rich and varied field, drawing on genetics, evolution, physiology, and ecology to inform its principles, and this book embraces the wealth of knowledge that comes from the unification of these fields around the study of animals in motion. The chronological organization of the essays makes this an excellent overview of the history of animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology. The work includes such topics as Darwin’s role in shaping the study of animal behavior, the logic of animal contests, cognition, empathy in animals, and animal personalities. Succinct accounts of new revelations about behavior through scientific investigation and scrutiny reveal the fascinating story of this field. Similar to Dr. John Avise’s Contemporary Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics, the work is structured into vignettes that describe the conceptual revolution and assess the impact of the conceptual change, with a score, which ranges from 1-10, providing an assessment of the impact of the new findings on contemporary science. Features a lively, brisk writing style and brief entries to enable easy, enjoyable access to this essential information Includes topics that cover the range of behavioral biology from mechanism to behavioral ecology Can also be used as supplemental material for an undergraduate animal behavior course, or as the foundational text for an upper level or graduate discussion course in advanced animal behavior

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition SoCPaR 2018

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition  SoCPaR 2018  Book
Author : Ana Maria Madureira,Ajith Abraham,Niketa Gandhi,Catarina Silva,Mário Antunes
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-04-09
ISBN : 3030170659
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights recent research on Soft Computing, Pattern Recognition, Information Assurance and Security. It presents 38 selected papers from the 10th International Conference on Soft Computing and Pattern Recognition (SoCPaR 2018) and the 14th International Conference on Information Assurance and Security (IAS 2018) held at Instituto Superior de Engenharia do Porto (ISEP), Portugal during December 13–15, 2018. SoCPaR – IAS 2018 is a premier conference and brings together researchers, engineers and practitioners whose work involves soft computing and information assurance and their applications in industry and the real world. Including contributions by authors from over 25 countries, the book offers a valuable reference guide for all researchers, students and practitioners in the fields of Computer Science and Engineering.

Human Diversity

Human Diversity Book
Author : Charles Murray
Publisher : Hachette UK
Release : 2020-01-28
ISBN : 1538744007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All people are equal but, as Human Diversity explores, all groups of people are not the same -- a fascinating investigation of the genetics and neuroscience of human differences. The thesis of Human Diversity is that advances in genetics and neuroscience are overthrowing an intellectual orthodoxy that has ruled the social sciences for decades. The core of the orthodoxy consists of three dogmas: - Gender is a social construct. - Race is a social construct. - Class is a function of privilege. The problem is that all three dogmas are half-truths. They have stifled progress in understanding the rich texture that biology adds to our understanding of the social, political, and economic worlds we live in. It is not a story to be feared. "There are no monsters in the closet," Murray writes, "no dread doors we must fear opening." But it is a story that needs telling. Human Diversity does so without sensationalism, drawing on the most authoritative scientific findings, celebrating both our many differences and our common humanity.

The Logic of Social Practices

The Logic of Social Practices Book
Author : Raffaela Giovagnoli,Robert Lowe
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-02-04
ISBN : 3030373053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reports on cutting-edge research concerning social practices. Merging perspectives from various disciplines, including philosophy, biology, and cognitive science, it discusses theoretical aspects of social behavior along with models to investigate them, and also presents key case studies. Further, It describes concepts related to habits, routines, and rituals and examines important features of human action, such as intentionality and choice, exploring the influence of specific social practices in different situations. Based on a workshop held in June 2018 at the 6th World Congress of Universal Logic, UNILOG2018, in Vichy, and including additional invited chapters, the book offers fresh insights into the fields of social practice and the cognitive, computational, and philosophical tools to understand them.

Planning for the Planet

Planning for the Planet Book
Author : Simone Schleper
Publisher : Berghahn Books
Release : 2019-07-01
ISBN : 178920299X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the 1960s and 1970s, rapidly growing environmental awareness and concern not only led to widespread calls for new policies, but also created unprecedented demand for ecological expertise. This led to novel challenges for advocacy groups such as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which had to navigate rival scientific approaches, Cold War politics, and decolonization in their efforts to integrate the study and protection of nature into international policymaking. This book reveals how, despite their vast scientific knowledge and attempts to incorporate socially relevant themes, experts inevitably struggled to make conservation a central part of environmental politics within intergovernmental organizations like the United Nations.

Complementarity Beyond Physics

Complementarity Beyond Physics Book
Author : Arun Bala
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-12-01
ISBN : 3319397842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this study Arun Bala examines the implications that Niels Bohr’s principle of complementarity holds for fields beyond physics. Bohr, one of the founding figures of modern quantum physics, argued that the principle of complementarity he proposed for understanding atomic processes has parallels in psychology, biology, and social science, as well as in Buddhist and Taoist thought. But Bohr failed to offer any explanation for why complementarity might extend beyond physics, and his claims have been widely rejected by scientists as empty speculation. Scientific scepticism has only been reinforced by the naïve enthusiasm of postmodern relativists and New Age intuitionists, who seize upon Bohr’s ideas to justify anti-realist and mystical positions. Arun Bala offers a detailed defence of Bohr’s claim that complementarity has far-reaching implications for the biological and social sciences, as well as for comparative philosophies of science, by explaining Bohr’s parallels as responses to the omnipresence of grown properties in nature.

Modularity in Development and Evolution

Modularity in Development and Evolution Book
Author : Gerhard Schlosser,Günter P. Wagner
Publisher : University of Chicago Press
Release : 2004-07
ISBN : 9780226738536
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modularity in Development and Evolution offers the first sustained exploration of modules from developmental and evolutionary perspectives. Contributors discuss what modularity is, how it can be identified and modeled, how it originated and evolved, and its biological significance. Covering modules at levels ranging from genes to colonies, the book focuses on their roles not just in structures but also in processes such as gene regulation. Among many exciting findings, the contributors demonstrate how modules can highlight key constraints on evolutionary processes. A timely synthesis of a crucial topic, Modularity in Development and Evolution shows the invaluable insights modules can give into both developmental complexities and their evolutionary origins.

Reproductive Strategies in Insects

Reproductive Strategies in Insects Book
Author : Omkar,Geetanjali Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-02-16
ISBN : 1000529991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reproduction is one of the most inherent tasks that all living organisms are actively involved in. It forms the backbone of their existence with all evolutionary energies directed over billion years of creation into maximizing reproductive effort. For so simple and directed a need such as maximizing reproduction, it is interesting to see how much diversity and complexity exists in this task. Each organism despite having the same end goal employs different strategies. The complexities, intricacies and strategies of successful reproduction while being extremely fascinating are equally befuddling. Reproductive Strategies in Insects provides an expansive critical look at the reproductive strategies of the most diverse group of animals, the insects. Insects which inhabit myriad niches in all ecosystems except the oceans, show the most diverse reproductive strategies ranging from simplest to most complex. Reproductive strategies, viz., search for mates, number of mates, display of mate quality, assessment of mate quality, acceptance of mate, rejection of mates, forced copulations, the fight for paternity pre, during and post copula, the modulation of paternity, ovipositional strategies and parental care are described in detail in this book. Also, each strategy in analyzed in relation to its morphological, physiological, ethological, ecological and evolutionary aspects. Features: Covers a wide variety of reproductive strategies, A detailed step by step description of reproductive strategies. Discusses morphological, physiological, ethological, ecological and evolutionary aspects. Modulation of these strategies and responsible modulatory factors are also discussed. Well-illustrated. Recent research results and probable future research directions. This is a niche reference book for ethologists, biologists studying behavioural evolution and entomologists. It may also be used as a textbook for a graduate level course in behaviour.

Human Evolutionary Genetics

Human Evolutionary Genetics Book
Author : Mark Jobling,Matthew Hurles,Chris Tyler-Smith
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2013-06-25
ISBN : 1136844147
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Evolutionary Genetics is a groundbreaking text which for the first time brings together molecular genetics and genomics to the study of the origins and movements of human populations. Starting with an overview of molecular genomics for the non-specialist (which can be a useful review for those with a more genetic background), the book shows how data from the post-genomic era can be used to examine human origins and the human colonization of the planet, richly illustrated with genetic trees and global maps. For the first time in a textbook, the authors outline how genetic data and the understanding of our origins which emerges, can be applied to contemporary population analyses, including genealogies, forensics and medicine.

Echinoderm Paleobiology

Echinoderm Paleobiology Book
Author : William Irl Ausich,Gary D. Webster
Publisher : Indiana University Press
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0253351286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treats various paleobiological approaches to the phylum's remarkable evolutionary history

Advances in Genetics

Advances in Genetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-07-16
ISBN : 0128003693
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The field of genetics is rapidly evolving, and new medical breakthroughs are occurring as a result of advances in our knowledge of genetics. Advances in Genetics continually publishes important reviews of the broadest interest to geneticists and their colleagues in affiliated disciplines. Volume 87 presents an eclectic mix of articles of use to all human and molecular geneticists on topics including: gene transfer, fruiting body development and the genetics of Alzheimer’s disease; and more. Includes methods for testing with ethical, legal, and social implications Critically analyzes future directions Written and edited by recognized leaders in the field

Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology

Conceptual Issues in Evolutionary Biology Book
Author : Elliott Sober
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 1994
ISBN : 9780262691628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There has been debate in philosophy of biology over the decade since the first edition of this anthology appeared. Changes and additions in the new edition reflect the ways in which the subject has broadened and deepened on several fronts; more than half of the chapters are new. In all, twenty-three selections take up fitness, function and teleology, adaptationism, units of selection, essentialism and population thinking, species, systematic philosophies, phylogenetic inference, reduction of Mendelian genetics to molecular biology, ethics and sociobiology, and cultural evolution and evolutionary epistemology.

Comparative and Evolutionary Genomics of Angiosperm Trees

Comparative and Evolutionary Genomics of Angiosperm Trees Book
Author : Andrew Groover,Quentin Cronk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319493299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marking the change in focus of tree genomics from single species to comparative approaches, this book covers biological, genomic, and evolutionary aspects of angiosperm trees that provide information and perspectives to support researchers broadening the focus of their research. The diversity of angiosperm trees in morphology, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry has been described and cataloged by various scientific disciplines, but the molecular, genetic, and evolutionary mechanisms underlying this diversity have only recently been explored. Excitingly, advances in genomic and sequencing technologies are ushering a new era of research broadly termed comparative genomics, which simultaneously exploits and describes the evolutionary origins and genetic regulation of traits of interest. Within tree genomics, this research is already underway, as the number of complete genome sequences available for angiosperm trees is increasing at an impressive pace and the number of species for which RNAseq data are available is rapidly expanding. Because they are extensively covered by other literature and are rapidly changing, technical and computational approaches—such as the latest sequencing technologies—are not a main focus of this book. Instead, this comprehensive volume provides a valuable, broader view of tree genomics whose relevance will outlive the particulars of current-day technical approaches. The first section of the book discusses background on the evolution and diversification of angiosperm trees, as well as offers description of the salient features and diversity of the unique physiology and wood anatomy of angiosperm trees. The second section explores the two most advanced model angiosperm tree species (poplars and eucalypts) as well as species that are soon to emerge as new models. The third section describes the structural features and evolutionary histories of angiosperm tree genomes, followed by a fourth section focusing on the genomics of traits of biological, ecological, and economic interest. In summary, this book is a timely and well-referenced foundational resource for the forest tree community looking to embrace comparative approaches for the study of angiosperm trees.

History of Science in United States

History of Science in United States Book
Author : Marc Rothenberg
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-10-12
ISBN : 1135583188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Encyclopedia examines all aspects of the history of science in the United States, with a special emphasis placed on the historiography of science in America. It can be used by students, general readers, scientists, or anyone interested in the facts relating to the development of science in the United States. Special emphasis is placed in the history of medicine and technology and on the relationship between science and technology and science and medicine.

Behavior Genetics

Behavior Genetics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Behavior Genetics book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Evolutionary Biology

Evolutionary Biology Book
Author : John S. Torday,Virender K. Rehan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-09-04
ISBN : 1118130448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An integrative view of the evolution of genetics and the naturalworld Even in this advanced age of genomics, the evolutionary processof unicellular and multicellular organisms is continually indebate. Evolutionary Biology, Cell–Cell Communication, andComplex Disease challenges current wisdom by using physiology topresent an integrative view of the nature, origins, and evolutionof fundamental biological systems. Providing a deeper understanding of the way genes relate to thetraits of living organisms, this book offers useful informationapplying evolutionary biology, functional genomics, and cellcommunication studies to complex disease. Examining the 4.5billion-year evolution process from environment adaptations tocell-cell communication to communication of genetic information forreproduction, Evolutionary Biology hones in on the "why and how" ofevolution by uniquely focusing on the cell as the smallest unit ofbiologic structure and function. Based on empirically derived data rather than associationstudies, Evolutionary Biology covers: A model for forming testable hypotheses in complex diseasestudies The integrating role played by the evolution of metabolism,especially lipid metabolism The evolutionary continuum from development to homeostasis Regeneration and aging mediated by signaling molecules Ambitious and game-changing Evolutionary Biology suggests thatbiology began as a mechanism for reducing energy within the cell,defying the Second Law of Thermodynamics. An ideal text for thoseinterested in forward thinking scientific study, the insightspresented in Evolutionary Biology help practitioners effectivelycomprehend the evolutionary process.

Genetics Abstracts

Genetics Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Genetics Abstracts book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Conceptual Change in Biology

Conceptual Change in Biology Book
Author : Alan C. Love
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-11-07
ISBN : 940179412X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume explores questions about conceptual change from both scientific and philosophical viewpoints by analyzing the recent history of evolutionary developmental biology. It features revised papers that originated from the workshop "Conceptual Change in Biological Science: Evolutionary Developmental Biology, 1981-2011" held at the Max Planck Institute for the History of Science in Berlin in July 2010. The Preface has been written by Ron Amundson. In these papers, philosophers and biologists compare and contrast key concepts in evolutionary developmental biology and their development since the original, seminal Dahlem conference on evolution and development held in Berlin in 1981. Many of the original scientific participants from the 1981 conference are also contributors to this new volume and, in conjunction with other expert biologists and philosophers specializing on these topics, provide an authoritative, comprehensive view on the subject. Taken together, the papers supply novel perspectives on how and why the conceptual landscape has shifted and stabilized in particular ways, yielding insights into the dynamic epistemic changes that have occurred over the past three decades. This volume will appeal to philosophers of biology studying conceptual change, evolutionary developmental biologists focused on comprehending the genesis of their field and evaluating its future directions, and historians of biology examining this period when the intersection of ev olution and development rose again to prominence in biological science.