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Conceptual Breakthroughs In Evolutionary Ecology

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Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Book
Author : Laurence Mueller, Ph.D.
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-15
ISBN : 9780128160138
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology provides a historical overview of the field that no other book has attempted, covering major advances and breakthroughs in evolutionary ecology from its beginning stages to present-day. Although biologists recognize this field by name, many only have a limited understanding of its conceptual roots and historical development. This book fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. Following an easily-accessible structure, this book encapsulates and chronologizes the most history behind evolutionary ecology since the 1970s. Written by a world-renowned evolutionary ecologist, this book embodies a unique blend of expertise in combining theory and experiment, population genetics and ecology and particularly the integration of age-structure and density-dependent selection into an understanding of life-history evolution. Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology is a wonderful springboard for discussions in undergraduate or graduate seminars in evolutionary biology and ecology, and even appeals to researchers and professionals looking for insight into the field's history. Covers over 80 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and ecology Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics Book
Author : John C. Avise
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-01-18
ISBN : 0124202373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics is a pithy, lively book occupying a special niche—the conceptual history of evolutionary genetics— not inhabited by any other available treatment. Written by a world-leading authority in evolutionary genetics, this work encapsulates and ranks 70 of the most significant paradigm shifts in evolutionary biology and genetics during the century-and-a-half since Darwin and Mendel. The science of evolutionary genetics is central to all of biology, but many students and other practitioners have little knowledge of its historical roots and conceptual developments. This book fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. This fascinating chronological journey along the many conceptual pathways to our modern understanding of evolutionary and genetic principles is a wonderful springboard for discussions in undergraduate or graduate seminars in evolutionary biology and genetics. But more than that, anyone interested in the history and philosophy of science will find much of value between its covers. Provides a relative ranking of 70 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and genetics Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science Extensively cross-referenced with a guide to landmark papers and books for each topic

Conceptual Breakthroughs

Conceptual Breakthroughs Book
Author : Adam Martiny,Jennifer Hughes Martiny,John C. Avise
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-03-15
ISBN : 9780323855068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Microbial Ecology and Evolution continues the innovative Conceptual Breakthroughs series by providing a comprehensive outline of the combination of the major breakthroughs for this young and emerging scientific field. The chapters cover important theoretical, technical, and natural history discoveries that have led to conceptual breakthroughs. The book offers a concise and accessible analysis of microbiology viewed through an ecological and evolutionary lens. By highlighting and interpreting key publications over the past 50 years, the book provides an important resource for students and researchers as they navigate this fast-moving research area. The authors draw upon literature from diverse ecosystems (such as oceans, soil and humans) and fields of study (microbiology, ecology, evolutionary biology, medical microbiology, molecular biology). The book offers a framework for readers to place contemporary studies into a historical context Reviews the history of the field and highlights intellectual challenges, debates, and breakthroughs Demonstrates how technical advances in microbial and molecular tools have led to conceptual breakthroughs Provides a time-line of key natural history discoveries that have influenced the field's direction

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology Book
Author : Laurence Mueller
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-25
ISBN : 0128160144
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although biologists recognize evolutionary ecology by name, many only have a limited understanding of its conceptual roots and historical development. Conceptual Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Ecology fills that knowledge gap in a thought-provoking and readable format. Written by a world-renowned evolutionary ecologist, this book embodies a unique blend of expertise in combining theory and experiment, population genetics and ecology. Following an easily-accessible structure, this book encapsulates and chronologizes the history behind evolutionary ecology. It also focuses on the integration of age-structure and density-dependent selection into an understanding of life-history evolution. Covers over 60 seminal breakthroughs and paradigm shifts in the field of evolutionary biology and ecology Modular format permits ready access to each described subject Historical overview of a field whose concepts are central to all of biology and relevant to a broad audience of biologists, science historians, and philosophers of science

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging Book
Author : Kenneth R. Arnold,Michael R. Rose
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-06-15
ISBN : 9780128215456
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in the Evolutionary Biology of Aging continues the innovative Conceptual Breakthroughs series by providing a comprehensive outline of the major breakthroughs that built the evolutionary biology of aging as a leading scientific field. Following the evolutionary study of aging from its humble origins to the present, the book's chapters treat the field's breakthroughs one at a time. Users will find a concise and accessible analysis of the science of aging viewed through an evolutionary lens. Building upon widely-cited studies conducted by author Michael Rose, this book covers 30 subsequent years of growth and development within the field. The book highlights key publications for those who are not experts in the field, providing an important resource for researchers. Given the prevailing interest in changing the aging process dramatically, it is a powerful tool for readers who have a vested interest in understanding its causes and future control measures. Reviews cell-molecular theories of aging in the light of evolutionary biology Offers an evolutionary analysis of prospects for mitigating aging not commonly discussed within private and public sectors Provides readers with a radically different perspective on contemporary biological gerontology, specifically through the lens of evolutionary biology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Book
Author : Michael D. Breed
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-01-25
ISBN : 0128095458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior highlights, through concise summaries, the most important discoveries and scientific revolutions in animal behavior. These are assessed for their relative impact on the field and their significance to the forward motion of the science of animal behavior. Eighty short essays capture the moment when a new concept emerged or a publication signaled a paradigm shift. How the new understanding came about is explained, and any continuing controversy or scientific conversation on the issue is highlighted. Behavior is a rich and varied field, drawing on genetics, evolution, physiology, and ecology to inform its principles, and this book embraces the wealth of knowledge that comes from the unification of these fields around the study of animals in motion. The chronological organization of the essays makes this an excellent overview of the history of animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology. The work includes such topics as Darwin’s role in shaping the study of animal behavior, the logic of animal contests, cognition, empathy in animals, and animal personalities. Succinct accounts of new revelations about behavior through scientific investigation and scrutiny reveal the fascinating story of this field. Similar to Dr. John Avise’s Contemporary Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics, the work is structured into vignettes that describe the conceptual revolution and assess the impact of the conceptual change, with a score, which ranges from 1-10, providing an assessment of the impact of the new findings on contemporary science. Features a lively, brisk writing style and brief entries to enable easy, enjoyable access to this essential information Includes topics that cover the range of behavioral biology from mechanism to behavioral ecology Can also be used as supplemental material for an undergraduate animal behavior course, or as the foundational text for an upper level or graduate discussion course in advanced animal behavior

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Animal Physiology Book
Author : James Hicks,Tobias Wang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-01
ISBN : 012817367X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Physiology focuses on milestones and research achievements in comparative animal physiology. The book looks at the future of the field, illustrating how advances in technology continue to help us understand how animals work and adapt to their environments. Written by a leading expert in comparative physiology, the book follows the chronological order of discoveries and developments in the field. It covers the origins of comparative physiology in the 16th century, moving on to describe new topics such as developmental, diving and renal physiology. In addition, it examines new developments in ecological physiology and the birth of evolutionary physiology. This is an essential resource for undergraduates, graduate students and researchers interested in physiology with its comprehensive synopsis on the field’s foundational history and significant advances. Provides a single-source, historical overview of the field Examines more than 70 significant achievements in the history of comparative animal physiology Written in a comprehensive and easy-to-read format

Reproductive Strategies in Insects

Reproductive Strategies in Insects Book
Author : Omkar,Geetanjali Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-02-16
ISBN : 1000529991
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reproduction is one of the most inherent tasks that all living organisms are actively involved in. It forms the backbone of their existence with all evolutionary energies directed over billion years of creation into maximizing reproductive effort. For so simple and directed a need such as maximizing reproduction, it is interesting to see how much diversity and complexity exists in this task. Each organism despite having the same end goal employs different strategies. The complexities, intricacies and strategies of successful reproduction while being extremely fascinating are equally befuddling. Reproductive Strategies in Insects provides an expansive critical look at the reproductive strategies of the most diverse group of animals, the insects. Insects which inhabit myriad niches in all ecosystems except the oceans, show the most diverse reproductive strategies ranging from simplest to most complex. Reproductive strategies, viz., search for mates, number of mates, display of mate quality, assessment of mate quality, acceptance of mate, rejection of mates, forced copulations, the fight for paternity pre, during and post copula, the modulation of paternity, ovipositional strategies and parental care are described in detail in this book. Also, each strategy in analyzed in relation to its morphological, physiological, ethological, ecological and evolutionary aspects. Features: Covers a wide variety of reproductive strategies, A detailed step by step description of reproductive strategies. Discusses morphological, physiological, ethological, ecological and evolutionary aspects. Modulation of these strategies and responsible modulatory factors are also discussed. Well-illustrated. Recent research results and probable future research directions. This is a niche reference book for ethologists, biologists studying behavioural evolution and entomologists. It may also be used as a textbook for a graduate level course in behaviour.

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology Book
Author : David Westneat
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2010-04-01
ISBN : 0195331931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolutionary Behavioral Ecology presents a comprehensive treatment of theevolutionary and ecological processes shaping behavior across a wide array of organisms and a diverse set of behaviors and is suitable as a graduate-level text and as a sourcebook for professional scientists.

Planning for the Planet

Planning for the Planet Book
Author : Simone Schleper
Publisher : Berghahn Books
Release : 2019-07-01
ISBN : 178920299X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the 1960s and 1970s, rapidly growing environmental awareness and concern not only led to widespread calls for new policies, but also created unprecedented demand for ecological expertise. This led to novel challenges for advocacy groups such as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, which had to navigate rival scientific approaches, Cold War politics, and decolonization in their efforts to integrate the study and protection of nature into international policymaking. This book reveals how, despite their vast scientific knowledge and attempts to incorporate socially relevant themes, experts inevitably struggled to make conservation a central part of environmental politics within intergovernmental organizations like the United Nations.

Ecology Abstracts

Ecology Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Indexes journal articles in ecology and environmental science. Nearly 700 journals are indexed in full or in part, and the database indexes literature published from 1982 to the present. Coverage includes habitats, food chains, erosion, land reclamation, resource and ecosystems management, modeling, climate, water resources, soil, and pollution.

The Return of Nature

The Return of Nature Book
Author : John Bellamy Foster
Publisher : Monthly Review Press
Release : 2021-06-01
ISBN : 1583679286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Winner, 2020 Isaac and Tamara Deutscher Memorial Prize A fascinating reinterpretation of the radical and socialist origins of ecology Twenty years ago, John Bellamy Foster’s Marx’s Ecology: Materialism and Nature introduced a new understanding of Karl Marx’s revolutionary ecological materialism. More than simply a study of Marx, it commenced an intellectual and social history, encompassing thinkers from Epicurus to Darwin, who developed materialist and ecological ideas. Now, with The Return of Nature: Socialism and Ecology, Foster continues this narrative. In so doing, he uncovers a long history of efforts to unite issues of social justice and environmental sustainability that will help us comprehend and counter today’s unprecedented planetary emergencies. The Return of Nature begins with the deaths of Darwin (1882) and Marx (1883) and moves on until the rise of the ecological age in the 1960s and 1970s. Foster explores how socialist analysts and materialist scientists of various stamps, first in Britain, then the United States, from William Morris and Frederick Engels to Joseph Needham, Rachel Carson, and Stephen J. Gould, sought to develop a dialectical naturalism, rooted in a critique of capitalism. In the process, he delivers a far-reaching and fascinating reinterpretation of the radical and socialist origins of ecology. Ultimately, what this book asks for is nothing short of revolution: a long, ecological revolution, aimed at making peace with the planet while meeting collective human needs.

History of Science in United States

History of Science in United States Book
Author : Marc Rothenberg
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-10-12
ISBN : 1135583188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Encyclopedia examines all aspects of the history of science in the United States, with a special emphasis placed on the historiography of science in America. It can be used by students, general readers, scientists, or anyone interested in the facts relating to the development of science in the United States. Special emphasis is placed in the history of medicine and technology and on the relationship between science and technology and science and medicine.

This Is Biology

This Is Biology Book
Author : Ernst Mayr
Publisher : Harvard University Press
Release : 1998-09-15
ISBN : 9780674884694
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"(A) lively book . . . on how biologists study living things. . . . Its range is enormous. . . . This is an old-fashioned book, to be read slowly, more than once, and to be thought about afterward".--Ann Finkbeiner, "The New York Times Book Review". Chart.

Comparative and Evolutionary Genomics of Angiosperm Trees

Comparative and Evolutionary Genomics of Angiosperm Trees Book
Author : Andrew Groover,Quentin Cronk
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-21
ISBN : 3319493299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Marking the change in focus of tree genomics from single species to comparative approaches, this book covers biological, genomic, and evolutionary aspects of angiosperm trees that provide information and perspectives to support researchers broadening the focus of their research. The diversity of angiosperm trees in morphology, anatomy, physiology and biochemistry has been described and cataloged by various scientific disciplines, but the molecular, genetic, and evolutionary mechanisms underlying this diversity have only recently been explored. Excitingly, advances in genomic and sequencing technologies are ushering a new era of research broadly termed comparative genomics, which simultaneously exploits and describes the evolutionary origins and genetic regulation of traits of interest. Within tree genomics, this research is already underway, as the number of complete genome sequences available for angiosperm trees is increasing at an impressive pace and the number of species for which RNAseq data are available is rapidly expanding. Because they are extensively covered by other literature and are rapidly changing, technical and computational approaches—such as the latest sequencing technologies—are not a main focus of this book. Instead, this comprehensive volume provides a valuable, broader view of tree genomics whose relevance will outlive the particulars of current-day technical approaches. The first section of the book discusses background on the evolution and diversification of angiosperm trees, as well as offers description of the salient features and diversity of the unique physiology and wood anatomy of angiosperm trees. The second section explores the two most advanced model angiosperm tree species (poplars and eucalypts) as well as species that are soon to emerge as new models. The third section describes the structural features and evolutionary histories of angiosperm tree genomes, followed by a fourth section focusing on the genomics of traits of biological, ecological, and economic interest. In summary, this book is a timely and well-referenced foundational resource for the forest tree community looking to embrace comparative approaches for the study of angiosperm trees.

On Evolution

On Evolution Book
Author : John C. Avise,Distinguished Professor Ecology & Evolutionary Biology John C Avise, Ph.D.
Publisher : JHU Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 9780801886881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

John Avise is one of the most distinguished evolutionary biologists of our time. His groundbreaking work with mitochondrial DNA created the entire discipline of phylogeography and his work on the Pleistocene refugia hypothesis redirected scientific thinking about patterns of distribution. Spanning a remarkable thirty-five-year career, the essays gathered here were rewritten from his previously published articles and represent the first single-volume collection of Avise's work. Moving through various questions in evolutionary biology, these eclectic essays reveal Avise's unique perspectives on major topics in the field. From how to define a species to the folly of faulty applications of cladistics to connections between conservation and evolutionary biology, On Evolution takes the reader on a personal journey into the mind of one of the world's leading evolutionists.

The Greening of Socialism

The Greening of Socialism Book
Author : Sanjeev Ghotge
Publisher : Lexington Books
Release : 2020-06-16
ISBN : 149859574X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current generation owes a moral and political obligation to the next generation and beyond , in terms of their real inheritance: the three interlinked existential crises represented by climate change, the multiple crises of the global environment and the conventional and nuclear arms race. This book is an attempt to reach out to the next generation to start shaping their own collective future through the greening of socialism on a global basis as an affirmative survival response to these crises which will have to be confronted in the course of the twenty-first century. It starts with a clear recapitulation of the major historical event-structures of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries which have been responsible for the genesis of these crises and links them to the possible choices and actions for the next century and beyond. These crises are no longer separable in terms of the consequences they entail for global humanity. Nor is it possible to separate our relationship with Nature as a whole from our relationship with each other at a global level. Consequently, the resolution of these crises is no longer a matter of mere technical or economic fixes, they will involve the major part of humanity as actors intervening into shaping their own future. The decisive moment for social and political change is fast approaching, with a clear choice to be made between systemic change or continuing with fragmented systems which are inexorably driving us towards the possibility of human extinction along with the extinction of major life-forms on earth. The building blocks of a desirable and sustainable future are already available to us but the powerful and entrenched economic and political structures of the world are in continuous denial of the possibilities of the future through systemic changes. This book lays out the above argument in a concise and logical framework that ranges across several disciplines from political economy and history to ecology and the sciences and technology. It is then up to the next generation to make their own choices about the future in the light of the mounting evidence about the urgency of systemic change. The decisive moment is now. This book is an honest account linking the past, the present and the likely future. It is a challenging read for those who will rise to the challenge.

Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society

Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society Book
Author : Maryland Herpetological Society
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Bulletin of the Maryland Herpetological Society book written by Maryland Herpetological Society, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Foundations of Restoration Ecology

Foundations of Restoration Ecology Book
Author : Donald A. Falk,Margaret A. Palmer,Joy B. Zedler
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2013-03-19
ISBN : 1597266043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the practical application of ecological restoration continues to grow, there is an increasing need to connect restoration practice to areas of underlying ecological theory. Foundations of Restoration Ecology is an important milestone in the field, bringing together leading ecologists to bridge the gap between theory and practice by translating elements of ecological theory and current research themes into a scientific framework for the field of restoration ecology. Each chapter addresses a particular area of ecological theory, covering traditional levels of biological hierarchy (such as population genetics, demography, community ecology) as well as topics of central relevance to the challenges of restoration ecology (such as species interactions, fine-scale heterogeneity, successional trajectories, invasive species ecology, ecophysiology). Several chapters focus on research tools (research design, statistical analysis, modeling), or place restoration ecology research in a larger context (large-scale ecological phenomena, macroecology, climate change and paleoecology, evolutionary ecology). The book makes a compelling case that a stronger connection between ecological theory and the science of restoration ecology will be mutually beneficial for both fields: restoration ecology benefits from a stronger grounding in basic theory, while ecological theory benefits from the unique opportunities for experimentation in a restoration context. Foundations of Restoration Ecology advances the science behind the practice of restoring ecosystems while exploring ways in which restoration ecology can inform basic ecological questions. It provides the first comprehensive overview of the theoretical foundations of restoration ecology, and is a must-have volume for anyone involved in restoration research, teaching, or practice.

Ecological Research and Surveys

Ecological Research and Surveys Book
Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1966
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Considers S. 2282, to authorize the Interior Dept to research and describe U.S. natural environmental systems for improved natural resource management and to establish a central clearinghouse for Government information on ecological problems.