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Conceptual Breakthroughs In Comparative Physiology

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Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Physiology

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Physiology Book
Author : James Hicks,Tobias Wang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-01
ISBN : 012817367X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Physiology focuses on the major milestones and research achievements in comparative animal physiology throughout history. This book also looks towards the future of the field and illustrates how advances in technology continue to drive the goal to understanding how animals work, and how they have adapted to their environments. Written by a leading expert in comparative physiology, this book follows the chronological order of discoveries and developments in the field. It begins by covering the origins of comparative physiology in the 16th century, moving on to describe its first true implementation in the 19th century with new topics such as developmental, diving, and renal physiology. The book then goes on to examine new developments in ecological physiology and the birth of evolutionary physiology, moving in to the 21st century to cover more modern topics such as biosensors, genomic influence, and climate change. Conceptual Breakthroughs in Comparative Physiology is an essential resource for undergraduates, graduate students and researchers interested in physiology and providing a synopsis of the field’s foundational history and significant advances Provides a single-source historical overview of the field Examines more than 70 significant achievements in the history of comparative animal physiology Written in the comprehensive and easy-to-read format of the Conceptual Breakthroughs series

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior Book
Author : Michael D. Breed
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-01-25
ISBN : 0128095458
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Conceptual Breakthroughs in Ethology and Animal Behavior highlights, through concise summaries, the most important discoveries and scientific revolutions in animal behavior. These are assessed for their relative impact on the field and their significance to the forward motion of the science of animal behavior. Eighty short essays capture the moment when a new concept emerged or a publication signaled a paradigm shift. How the new understanding came about is explained, and any continuing controversy or scientific conversation on the issue is highlighted. Behavior is a rich and varied field, drawing on genetics, evolution, physiology, and ecology to inform its principles, and this book embraces the wealth of knowledge that comes from the unification of these fields around the study of animals in motion. The chronological organization of the essays makes this an excellent overview of the history of animal behavior, ethology, and behavioral ecology. The work includes such topics as Darwin’s role in shaping the study of animal behavior, the logic of animal contests, cognition, empathy in animals, and animal personalities. Succinct accounts of new revelations about behavior through scientific investigation and scrutiny reveal the fascinating story of this field. Similar to Dr. John Avise’s Contemporary Breakthroughs in Evolutionary Genetics, the work is structured into vignettes that describe the conceptual revolution and assess the impact of the conceptual change, with a score, which ranges from 1-10, providing an assessment of the impact of the new findings on contemporary science. Features a lively, brisk writing style and brief entries to enable easy, enjoyable access to this essential information Includes topics that cover the range of behavioral biology from mechanism to behavioral ecology Can also be used as supplemental material for an undergraduate animal behavior course, or as the foundational text for an upper level or graduate discussion course in advanced animal behavior

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry Book
Author : O Lowenstein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 032315123X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry puts emphasis on the advances in the studies of physiology and biochemistry. Divided into four chapters, this book focuses first on the fundamentals in the electrobiology of excitable tissues of animals. Topics discussed are cell structure and bioelectronics activity; the ionic theory of bioelectrogenesis; evolution and molecular basis of bioelectrogenesis; and extension of the atomic theory. The second part offers a comparison of mechanisms of conduction as well as integration of excitation in the central nervous system of invertebrates. Given emphasis are morphological determinants of integrative capacity, giant fiber systems, integration of dynamic stimulus parameters, and the patterns of innervation and central organization of small-fibered elements. The third part deals with metabolic behavior of knallgasbacteria. A survey of species and strains is discussed, including the fixation of carbon dioxide, the utilization of hexoses, and the respiratory chain of these bacteria. The concluding part offers a comparative physiology of marsupials. Given emphasis are reproductive and digestive physiology, temperature regulation, and the control of water and salt level of these animals. This book is valuable for readers interested in doing research on physiology and biochemistry.

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry Book
Author : O Lowenstein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323150918
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Volume 4, presents five papers on the different aspects of comparative physiology. The first two studies deal with movement. The first examines the effects of environmental conditions on the motile behavior of amoebas. The second investigates the mechanisms and coordination of cellular movement. The third study on the endocrine functions of the hypothalamus in the fishes, amphibians, and reptiles provides the comparative endocrinologist with a basis for integrating the state of knowledge on non-mammalian and mammalian function of this organ complex. The fourth study deals with the central and peripheral control of arthropod movements. The final study surveys the comparative physiology of populations of gametes. Aside from providing readers with a comparative vista of reproductive physiology from a unique perspective, it introduces a new hypothesis on the overproduction of gametes commonly found in living organisms — a hypothesis which may have far-reaching consequences for the interpretation of the reproductive process.

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry Book
Author : O Lowenstein
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323160158
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Volume 5, presents three papers that cover the different physiological and chemical aspects of biology, from functional morphology at one end to behavior at the other end of the spectrum. As always this serial publication emphasizes comparison, be it within a group of related organisms or related substances or mechanisms throughout the animal kingdom. The first study on the feeding and digestion in the Bivalvia examines both the feeding mechanisms and digestive processes within this class of mollusks, solidly based on functional morphology and biochemistry. The second study on isoenzymes, multiple enzymes, and phylogeny traces the evolutionary relationships between and within groups of important enzyme systems, taking evidence from representatives of the whole animal kingdom. The final paper on the comparative physiology of reproduction in arthropods examines the reproductive mechanisms in a whole phylum. It considers patterns of sexuality, germ cell formation, physiology, mating behavior and the nervous and hormonal factors governing reproduction.

Analytical Techniques

Analytical Techniques Book
Author : T.P. Mommsen,Peter W. Hochachka
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 008093322X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This third volume in the series covers such topics as anaesthetics, cannulation and injection techniques, and surgery. The book will be invaluable to fisheries scientists, aquaculturists, and animal biochemists, physiologists and endocrinologists; it will provide researchers and students with a pertinent information source from theoretical and experimental angles.

Phylogenetic and Biochemical Perspectives

Phylogenetic and Biochemical Perspectives Book
Author : T.P. Mommsen,Peter W. Hochachka
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080934285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new series on The Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Fishes grew out of the demand for state-of-the-art review articles in a rapidly expanding field of research. Up to the present, most research literature on biochemistry involved rats and humans, but new breakthroughs in the piscine setting have indicated that the field is ready for a review series of its own. Because of funding and experimental availability restrictions, most research in the field has dealt with fish and insects. Within the insect field, comparative biochemistry and comparative physiology have proceeded along independent paths as opposed to the piscine field, where the tendency has been for the latter to envelop the former. This volume sets out to make comparative biochemistry and comparative physiology independent of each other within the piscine setting, another important rationale for this review series as well as detailing the phylogenetic evolution of fishes. The goal of the series is to provide researchers and students with an appropriate balance between experimental results and theoretical concepts.

Invertebrate Biology

Invertebrate Biology Book
Author : P. Calow
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1475703317
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Courses on the invertebrates have two principal aims: (1) to introduce students to the diversity of animal life and (2) to make them aware that organisms are marvellously integrated systems with evolutionary pasts and ecological presents. This text is concerned exclusively with the second aim and assumes that the reader will already know something about the diversity and classification of invertebrates. Concepts of whole-organism function, metabolism and adaptation form the core of the subject-matter and this is also considered in an ecological setting. Hence, the approach is multi-disciplinary, drawing from principles normally restricted to comparative morphology and physiology ,ecology and evolutionary biology. Invertebrate courses, as with all others in a science curriculum, also have another aim - to make students aware of the general methods of science. And these I take to be associated with the so-called hypothetico deductive programme. Here, therefore, I make a conscious effort to formulate simple, some might say naive, hypotheses and to confront them with quantitative data from the real world. There are, for example, as many graphs in the book as illustrations of animals. My aim, though, has not been to test out the principles of Darwinism, but rather to sharpen our focus on physiological adaptations, given the assumption that Darwinism is approximately correct. Whether or not I succeed remains for the reader to decide.

New Directions in Ecological Physiology

New Directions in Ecological Physiology Book
Author : Martin E. Feder,Albert F. Bennett,Warren W. Burggren,Raymond B. Huey
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1987
ISBN : 9780521349383
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 1988 book outlines conceptual approaches to the study of physiological adaptation in animals.

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry Book
Author : O. Lowenstein
Publisher :
Release : 1982
ISBN : 9780120115082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Comparative Physiology and Biochemistry, Volume 8, presents five papers covering topics that range from biochemical aspects of the genetics of the various mutants of the fruit fly Drosophila to the physiological, biophysical, and biochemical mechanisms in diving animals. The first study on the biochemistry and genetics of purine metabolism in Drosophila melanogaster examines purine nucleotide biosynthesis and interconversion, catabolism of purines, genetics of catabolic enzymes, and purine auxotrophy. The second study on central nervous system regulation of pituitary melanocyte-sti ...

Comparative Aspects of Extracellular Acid Base Balance

Comparative Aspects of Extracellular Acid Base Balance Book
Author : Jean-Paul Truchot
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642831303
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interest in comparative acid-base physiology has considerably grown during last decades even in the absence of major technical or conceptual advances. This is firstly because it has become clear that the extracellular acid-base state reflects the performance of many exchange functions at the organism level: respiration and ventilation of the gas exchange surfaces, metab olism, iono-and osmoregulation. Such functions are much in fluenced by ambient conditions, and the measurement of acid base parameters thus provides useful information about the organism's responses to environmental challenges. Secondly, many processes at the molecular level are now known to be pH sensitive, and acid-base regulation thus appears to be a major requirement for the functional integrity of cells and organisms. How extracellular acid-base balance can be maintained in a wide variety of animals living in different conditions is the sub ject of this book. The approach is comparative and environ mental throughout. All body fluids share similar buffer proper ties, and common physicochemical principles apply to any acid base system. However, in accord with differing designs and con straints along animal evolution, varying effector organs and mechanisms are at work to maintain an appropriate acid-base state in the organism. Particular emphasis is placed on the fun damental differences between water and air breathers and on the acid-base and respiratory problems arising at the transition from an aquatic to a terrestrial life. Also the complex array of factors influencing the acid-base state in water-dwelling animals is thoroughly discussed.

Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology

Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology Book
Author : N.A
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1988-07-22
ISBN : 9783540188292
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Comparative and Environmental Physiology provides comprehensive, integrated reviews giving sound, critical, and provocative summaries of our present knowledge in environmental and comparative physiology, from the molecular to the organismic level. The field has now gained the international status it deserves and the organization of a series devoted to it is very timely in view of its actual rapid development. Biologists, physiologists, and biochemists, independently of their basic scientific orientation, will find this new series of major interest.

Advances in the Study of Behavior

Advances in the Study of Behavior Book
Author : Peter J.B. Slater,Charles T. Snowdon,Timothy J. Roper,H. Jane Brockmann,Marc Naguib
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2005-12-21
ISBN : 9780120045358
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Annotation Advances in the Study of Behavior was initiated over 40 years ago to serve the increasing number of scientists engaged in the study of animal behavior. That number is still expanding. This thematic volume makes another important "contribution to the development of the field" bybringing together material that aggregates studies conducted on the behavior of tropical animals. Advances in the Study of Behavior is now available online at ScienceDirect - full-text online from volume 30 onward.

Molecular Biology Frontiers

Molecular Biology Frontiers Book
Author : T.P. Mommsen,Peter W. Hochachka
Publisher : Elsevier Science
Release : 1993-12-15
ISBN : 9780444816634
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second volume in the series covers such topics as DNA fingerprinting of fishes, the cytochromes P450 in fish, the molecular biology of bacterial fish diseases, and new insights into the origins of the diversity and distribution of fish antifreeze proteins. The book will be of great value to fisheries scientists, animal biochemists, physiologists and endocrinologists, and aquaculturists. It will provide researchers and students alike with a pertinent information source from theoretical and experimental angles.

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry

Environmental and Ecological Biochemistry Book
Author : Peter W. Hochachka,T. P. Mommsen
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 1995
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hardbound. This fifth volume in this established series deals with the biochemical responses of fish to different environmental/ecological factors. Topics covered include oxygen availability, effects of temperature and pressure, adverse effects of metabolites, effects of stress and many more.The book should be of interest to fish biochemists and physiologists, aquaculturists and many other fisheries and animal scientists.