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Computer Assisted Diagnoses

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Disruptive Trends in Computer Aided Diagnosis

Disruptive Trends in Computer Aided Diagnosis Book
Author : Rik Das,Sudarshan Nandy,Siddhartha Bhattacharyya
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-09-29
ISBN : 1000414698
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disruptive Trends in Computer Aided Diagnosis collates novel techniques and methodologies in the domain of content based image classification and deep learning/machine learning techniques to design efficient computer aided diagnosis architecture. It is aimed to highlight new challenges and probable solutions in the domain of computer aided diagnosis to leverage balancing of sustainable ecology. The volume focuses on designing efficient algorithms for proposing CAD systems to mitigate the challenges of critical illnesses at an early stage. State-of-the-art novel methods are explored for envisaging automated diagnosis systems thereby overriding the limitations due to lack of training data, sample annotation, region of interest identification, proper segmentation and so on. The assorted techniques addresses the challenges encountered in existing systems thereby facilitating accurate patient healthcare and diagnosis. Features: An integrated interdisciplinary approach to address complex computer aided diagnosis problems and limitations. Elucidates a rich summary of the state-of-the-art tools and techniques related to automated detection and diagnosis of life threatening diseases including pandemics. Machine learning and deep learning methodologies on evolving accurate and precise early detection and medical diagnosis systems. Information presented in an accessible way for students, researchers and medical practitioners. The volume would come to the benefit of both post-graduate students and aspiring researchers in the field of medical informatics, computer science and electronics and communication engineering. In addition, the volume is also intended to serve as a guiding factor for the medical practitioners and radiologists in accurate diagnosis of diseases.

Computer Aided Detection and Diagnosis in Medical Imaging

Computer Aided Detection and Diagnosis in Medical Imaging Book
Author : Qiang Li,Robert M. Nishikawa
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2015-03-17
ISBN : 1439871779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Improve the Accurate Detection and Diagnosis of Cancer and Other Diseases Despite the expansion of the CAD field in recent decades, there is currently no single book dedicated to the development and use of CAD systems. Filling this need, Computer-Aided Detection and Diagnosis in Medical Imaging covers the major technical advances and methodologies shaping the development and clinical utility of CAD systems in breast imaging, chest imaging, abdominal imaging, and other emerging applications. After a historical overview of CAD, the book is divided into four sections. The first section presents CAD technologies in breast imaging, which is the most advanced area of CAD application. The second section discusses CAD technologies in chest and abdominal imaging. The third section explores emerging CAD technologies in a wide range of imaging modalities designed to address a variety of diseases. The final section describes the current use of CAD systems in clinical practice as well as how CAD will play an important role in quantitative image biomarkers and imaging genomics research. This book brings together existing and emerging CAD approaches at a level understandable to students, CAD system developers, basic scientists, and physician scientists. Newcomers to CAD research will learn about fundamental aspects in the process of CAD system development. Developers of CAD systems will gain insight on designing new or improved CAD systems. Experienced researchers will get up-to-date information on the latest CAD technologies.

Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease

Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Book
Author : Ayman S. El-Baz,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-23
ISBN : 0128174293
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computer-Assisted Diagnosis: Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease brings together multifaceted information on research and clinical applications from an academic, clinical, bioengineering and bioinformatics perspective. The editors provide a stellar, diverse list of authors to explore this interesting field. Academic researchers, bioengineers, new investigators and students interested in diabetes and heart disease need an authoritative reference to reduce the amount of time spent on source-searching so they can spend more time on actual research and clinical application. This reference accomplishes this with contributions by authors from around the world. Provides valuable information for academic clinicians, researchers, bioengineers and industry on diabetes and cardiovascular disease Discusses the impact of diabetes on cardiovascular disease Covers statistical classification techniques and risk stratification

Computer Aided Intervention and Diagnostics in Clinical and Medical Images

Computer Aided Intervention and Diagnostics in Clinical and Medical Images Book
Author : J. Dinesh Peter,Steven Lawrence Fernandes,Carlos Eduardo Thomaz,Serestina Viriri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-01-01
ISBN : 3030040615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a compendium of the ICCMIA 2018 proceedings, which provides an ideal reference for all medical imaging researchers and professionals to explore innovative methods and analyses on imaging technologies for better prospective patient care. This work serves as an exclusive source for new computer assisted clinical and medical developments in imaging diagnosis, intervention and analysis. It includes articles on computer assisted medical scanning techniques, computer-aided diagnosis, robotic surgery and imaging, imaging genomics, clinically-oriented imaging physics and informatics, augmented-reality medical visualization, imaging modalities, computerized radiology, oncology, and surgery. Moreover, information on non-medical imaging that has medical applications such as multi-photon microscopy and confocal, photoacoustic imaging, optical microendoscope, infra-red radiation, and other imaging modalities is also represented.

Medical Image Analysis and Informatics

Medical Image Analysis and Informatics Book
Author : Paulo Mazzoncini de Azevedo-Marques,Arianna Mencattini,Marcello Salmeri,Rangaraj M. Rangayyan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-23
ISBN : 1498753205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the development of rapidly increasing medical imaging modalities and their applications, the need for computers and computing in image generation, processing, visualization, archival, transmission, modeling, and analysis has grown substantially. Computers are being integrated into almost every medical imaging system. Medical Image Analysis and Informatics demonstrates how quantitative analysis becomes possible by the application of computational procedures to medical images. Furthermore, it shows how quantitative and objective analysis facilitated by medical image informatics, CBIR, and CAD could lead to improved diagnosis by physicians. Whereas CAD has become a part of the clinical workflow in the detection of breast cancer with mammograms, it is not yet established in other applications. CBIR is an alternative and complementary approach for image retrieval based on measures derived from images, which could also facilitate CAD. This book shows how digital image processing techniques can assist in quantitative analysis of medical images, how pattern recognition and classification techniques can facilitate CAD, and how CAD systems can assist in achieving efficient diagnosis, in designing optimal treatment protocols, in analyzing the effects of or response to treatment, and in clinical management of various conditions. The book affirms that medical imaging, medical image analysis, medical image informatics, CBIR, and CAD are proven as well as essential techniques for health care.

Lung Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis

Lung Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis Book
Author : Ayman El-Baz,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-08-23
ISBN : 1439845573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Early diagnosis can improve the effectiveness of treatment and increase a patient’s chances of survival. Thus, there is an urgent need for new technology to diagnose small, malignant lung nodules early as well as large nodules located away from large diameter airways because the current technology—namely, needle biopsy and bronchoscopy—fail to diagnose those cases. However, the analysis of small, indeterminate lung masses is fraught with many technical difficulties. Often patients must be followed for years with serial CT scans in order to establish a diagnosis, but inter-scan variability, slice selection artifacts, differences in degree of inspiration, and scan angles can make comparing serial scans unreliable. Lung Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis brings together researchers in pulmonary image analysis to present state-of-the-art image processing techniques for detecting and diagnosing lung cancer at an early stage. The book addresses variables and discrepancies in scans and proposes ways of evaluating small lung masses more consistently to allow for more accurate measurement of growth rates and analysis of shape and appearance of the detected lung nodules. Dealing with all aspects of image analysis of the data, this book examines: Lung segmentation Nodule segmentation Vessels segmentation Airways segmentation Lung registration Detection of lung nodules Diagnosis of detected lung nodules Shape and appearance analysis of lung nodules Contributors also explore the effective use of these methodologies for diagnosis and therapy in clinical applications. Arguably the first book of its kind to address and evaluate image-based diagnostic approaches for the early diagnosis of lung cancer, Lung Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis constitutes a valuable resource for biomedical engineers, researchers, and clinicians in lung disease imaging.

Computer Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System

Computer Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System Book
Author : Arwa Ahmed Gasm Elseid,Alnazier Osman Mohammed Hamza
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-14
ISBN : 1000070093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness globally. Early detection and treatment can prevent its progression to avoid total blindness. This book discusses and reviews current approaches for detection and examines new approaches for diagnosing glaucoma using CAD system. Computer-Aided Glaucoma Diagnosis System, Chapter 1 provides a brief introduction of the disease and current methodology used to diagnose it today. Chapter 2 presents a review of the medical background of the disease, followed by a theoretical and mathematical background used in fundus image processing. Chapter 3 is a literature review about segmentation and feature extraction. Chapter 4 describes the formulation of the proposed methodology. In Chapter 5, the results of optic disc and optic cup segmentation algorithm are presented, the feature extraction and selection method, experimental results and performance evaluations of the classifier are given. Chapter 6 presents the conclusions and discussion of the future potential for the diagnostic system. This book is intended for biomedical engineers, computer science students, ophthalmologists and radiologists looking to develop a reliable automated computer-aided diagnosis system (CAD) for detecting glaucoma and improve diagnosis of the disease. Key Features Discusses a reliable automated computer-aided diagnosis system (CAD) for detecting glaucoma and presents an algorithm that detects optic disc and optic cup Assists ophthalmologists and researchers to test a new diagnostic method that reduces the effort and time of the doctors and cost to the patients Discusses techniques to reduce human error and minimize the miss detection rate and facilitate early diagnosis and treatment Presents algorithms to detect cup and disc color, shape features and RNFL texture features Dr. Arwa Ahmed Gasm Elseid is an assistant professor, Department of Biomedical Engineering, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan. Dr. Alnazier Osman Mohammed Hamza is professor of Medical Imaging, College of Engineering, Sudan University of Sciences and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan.

A Systematic Survey of Computer Aided Diagnosis in Medicine Past and Present Developments

A Systematic Survey of Computer Aided Diagnosis in Medicine  Past and Present Developments Book
Author : Juri Yanase,Evangelos Triantaphyllou
Publisher : Infinite Study
Release : 2022-12-03
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) in medicine is the result of a large amount of effort expended in the interface of medicine and computer science. As some CAD systems in medicine try to emulate the diagnostic decision-making process of medical experts, they can be considered as expert systems in medicine.

Computer aided Design and Diagnosis Methods for Biomedical Applications

Computer aided Design and Diagnosis Methods for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Varun Bajaj,G R Sinha
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-04-28
ISBN : 1000374289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computer-aided design (CAD) plays a key role in improving biomedical systems for various applications. It also helps in the detection, identification, predication, analysis, and classification of diseases, in the management of chronic conditions, and in the delivery of health services. This book discusses the uses of CAD to solve real-world problems and challenges in biomedical systems with the help of appropriate case studies and research simulation results. Aiming to overcome the gap between CAD and biomedical science, it describes behaviors, concepts, fundamentals, principles, case studies, and future directions for research, including the automatic identification of related disorders using CAD. Features: Proposes CAD for the study of biomedical signals to understand physiology and to improve healthcare systems’ ability to diagnose and identify health disorders. Presents concepts of CAD for biomedical modalities in different disorders. Discusses design and simulation examples, issues, and challenges. Illustrates bio-potential signals and their appropriate use in studying different disorders. Includes case studies, practical examples, and research directions. Computer-Aided Design and Diagnosis Methods for Biometrical Applications is aimed at researchers, graduate students in biomedical engineering, image processing, biomedical technology, medical imaging, and health informatics.

Classification Techniques for Medical Image Analysis and Computer Aided Diagnosis

Classification Techniques for Medical Image Analysis and Computer Aided Diagnosis Book
Author : Nilanjan Dey
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-07-31
ISBN : 0128180056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Classification Techniques for Medical Image Analysis and Computer Aided Diagnosis covers the most current advances on how to apply classification techniques to a wide variety of clinical applications that are appropriate for researchers and biomedical engineers in the areas of machine learning, deep learning, data analysis, data management and computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) systems design. The book covers several complex image classification problems using pattern recognition methods, including Artificial Neural Networks (ANN), Support Vector Machines (SVM), Bayesian Networks (BN) and deep learning. Further, numerous data mining techniques are discussed, as they have proven to be good classifiers for medical images. Examines the methodology of classification of medical images that covers the taxonomy of both supervised and unsupervised models, algorithms, applications and challenges Discusses recent advances in Artificial Neural Networks, machine learning, and deep learning in clinical applications Introduces several techniques for medical image processing and analysis for CAD systems design

Diabetes and Retinopathy

Diabetes and Retinopathy Book
Author : Ayman S. El-Baz,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-05-12
ISBN : 0128174390
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diabetes and Retinopathy brings together the multifaceted information about the research and clinical application from academic, clinical, bioengineering and bioinformatics perspectives. The editors bring together a stellar cast of authors to pull together this diverse and interesting field. Academic researchers, bioengineers, new investigators and students interested in diabetes and retinopathy need an authoritative reference to bring this multidisciplinary field together to reduce the amount of time spent on source-searching and more time on actual research and the clinical application. This reference depicts the current clinical understanding of DR as well as the many scientific advances in understanding this condition. Provides valuable information for academic clinicians, researchers, bioengineers and industry on diabetes and retinopathy Discusses the impact of diabetic retinopathy, a major cause of new-onset visual loss in all the industrialized nations Covers statistical classification techniques and risk stratification

Medical Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis

Medical Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis Book
Author : Ruidan Su,Han Liu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2020-08-18
ISBN : 9789811551987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers virtually all aspects of image formation in medical imaging, including systems based on ionizing radiation (x-rays, gamma rays) and non-ionizing techniques (ultrasound, optical, thermal, magnetic resonance, and magnetic particle imaging) alike. In addition, it discusses the development and application of computer-aided detection and diagnosis (CAD) systems in medical imaging. Given its coverage, the book provides both a forum and valuable resource for researchers involved in image formation, experimental methods, image performance, segmentation, pattern recognition, feature extraction, classifier design, machine learning / deep learning, radiomics, CAD workstation design, human–computer interaction, databases, and performance evaluation.

Proceedings of 2021 International Conference on Medical Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis MICAD 2021

Proceedings of 2021 International Conference on Medical Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis  MICAD 2021  Book
Author : Ruidan Su,Yu-Dong Zhang,Han Liu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-14
ISBN : 9811638802
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers virtually all aspects of image formation in medical imaging, including systems based on ionizing radiation (x-rays, gamma rays) and non-ionizing techniques (ultrasound, optical, thermal, magnetic resonance, and magnetic particle imaging) alike. In addition, it discusses the development and application of computer-aided detection and diagnosis (CAD) systems in medical imaging. Also there will be a special track on computer-aided diagnosis on COVID-19 by CT and X-rays images. Given its coverage, the book provides both a forum and valuable resource for researchers involved in image formation, experimental methods, image performance, segmentation, pattern recognition, feature extraction, classifier design, machine learning / deep learning, radiomics, CAD workstation design, human–computer interaction, databases, and performance evaluation.

Diabetes and Fundus OCT

Diabetes and Fundus OCT Book
Author : Ayman S. El-Baz,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-17
ISBN : 0128174404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Diabetes and Fundus OCT brings together a stellar cast of authors who review the computer-aided diagnostic (CAD) systems developed to diagnose non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy in an automated fashion using Fundus and OCTA images. Academic researchers, bioengineers, new investigators and students interested in diabetes and retinopathy need an authoritative reference to bring this multidisciplinary field together to help reduce the amount of time spent on source-searching and instead focus on actual research and the clinical application. This reference depicts the current clinical understanding of diabetic retinopathy, along with the many scientific advances in understanding this condition. As the role of optical coherence tomography (OCT) in the assessment and management of diabetic retinopathy has become significant in understanding the vireo retinal relationships and the internal architecture of the retina, this information is more critical than ever. Includes unique information for academic clinicians, researchers and bioengineers Provides insights needed to understand the imaging modalities involved, the unmet clinical need that is being addressed, and the engineering and technical approaches applied Brings together details on the retinal vasculature in diabetics as imaged by optical coherence tomography angiography and automated detection of retinal disease

Prostate Cancer Imaging Computer Aided Diagnosis Prognosis and Intervention

Prostate Cancer Imaging  Computer Aided Diagnosis  Prognosis  and Intervention Book
Author : Anant Madabhushi,Jason Dowling,Pingkun Yan,Aaron Fenster,Purang Abolmaesumi,Nobuhiko Hata
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-09-15
ISBN : 3642159893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Prostatic adenocarcinoma (CAP) is the second most common malignancy with an estimated 190,000 new cases in the USA in 2010 (Source: American Cancer Society), and is the most frequently diagnosed cancer among men. If CAP is caught early, men have a high, five-year survival rate. Unfortunately there is no standardized ima- based screening protocol for early detection of CAP (unlike for breast cancers). In the USA high levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) warrant a trans-rectal ultrasound (TRUS) biopsy to enable histologic confirmation of presence or absence of CAP. With recent rapid developments in multi-parametric radiological imaging te- niques (spectroscopy, dynamic contrast enhanced MR imaging, PET, RF ultrasound), some of these functional and metabolic imaging modalities are allowing for definition of high resolution, multi-modal signatures for prostate cancer in vivo. Distinct com- tational and technological challenges for multi-modal data registration and classifi- tion still remain in leveraging this multi-parametric data for directing therapy and optimizing biopsy. Additionally, with the recent advent of whole slide digital sc- ners, digitized histopathology has become amenable to computerized image analysis. While it is known that outcome of prostate cancer (prognosis) is highly correlated with Gleason grade, pathologists often have difficulty in distinguishing between interme- ate Gleason grades from histopathology. Development of computerized image analysis methods for automated Gleason grading and predicting outcome on histopathology have to confront the significant computational challenges associated with working these very large digitized images.

Advances in Computerized Analysis in Clinical and Medical Imaging

Advances in Computerized Analysis in Clinical and Medical Imaging Book
Author : J Dinesh Peter,Steven Lawrence Fernandes,Carlos Eduardo Thomaz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-10-28
ISBN : 0429820488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Computerized Analysis in Clinical and Medical Imaging book is devoted for spreading of knowledge through the publication of scholarly research, primarily in the fields of clinical & medical imaging. The types of chapters consented include those that cover the development and implementation of algorithms and strategies based on the use of geometrical, statistical, physical, functional to solve the following types of problems, using medical image datasets: visualization, feature extraction, segmentation, image-guided surgery, representation of pictorial data, statistical shape analysis, computational physiology and telemedicine with medical images. This book highlights annotations for all the medical and clinical imaging researchers’ a fundamental advances of clinical and medical image analysis techniques. This book will be a good source for all the medical imaging and clinical research professionals, outstanding scientists, and educators from all around the world for network of knowledge sharing. This book will comprise high quality disseminations of new ideas, technology focus, research results and discussions on the evolution of Clinical and Medical image analysis techniques for the benefit of both scientific and industrial developments. Features: Research aspects in clinical and medical image processing Human Computer Interaction and interface in imaging diagnostics Intelligent Imaging Systems for effective analysis using machine learning algorithms Clinical and Scientific Evaluation of Imaging Studies Computer-aided disease detection and diagnosis Clinical evaluations of new technologies Mobility and assistive devices for challenged and elderly people This book serves as a reference book for researchers and doctoral students in the clinical and medical imaging domain including radiologists. Industries that manufacture imaging modality systems and develop optical systems would be especially interested in the challenges and solutions provided in the book. Professionals and practitioners in the medical and clinical imaging may be benefited directly from authors’ experiences.

Lung Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis

Lung Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis Book
Author : Ayman El-Baz,Jasjit S. Suri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-04-19
ISBN : 1439845581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lung cancer remains the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Early diagnosis can improve the effectiveness of treatment and increase a patient’s chances of survival. Thus, there is an urgent need for new technology to diagnose small, malignant lung nodules early as well as large nodules located away from large diameter airways because the current technology—namely, needle biopsy and bronchoscopy—fail to diagnose those cases. However, the analysis of small, indeterminate lung masses is fraught with many technical difficulties. Often patients must be followed for years with serial CT scans in order to establish a diagnosis, but inter-scan variability, slice selection artifacts, differences in degree of inspiration, and scan angles can make comparing serial scans unreliable. Lung Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis brings together researchers in pulmonary image analysis to present state-of-the-art image processing techniques for detecting and diagnosing lung cancer at an early stage. The book addresses variables and discrepancies in scans and proposes ways of evaluating small lung masses more consistently to allow for more accurate measurement of growth rates and analysis of shape and appearance of the detected lung nodules. Dealing with all aspects of image analysis of the data, this book examines: Lung segmentation Nodule segmentation Vessels segmentation Airways segmentation Lung registration Detection of lung nodules Diagnosis of detected lung nodules Shape and appearance analysis of lung nodules Contributors also explore the effective use of these methodologies for diagnosis and therapy in clinical applications. Arguably the first book of its kind to address and evaluate image-based diagnostic approaches for the early diagnosis of lung cancer, Lung Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis constitutes a valuable resource for biomedical engineers, researchers, and clinicians in lung disease imaging.

Computer aided Technologies

Computer aided Technologies Book
Author : Razvan Udroiu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-12-07
ISBN : 953512787X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to present the latest applications, trends, and developments of computer-aided technologies (CAx). Computer-aided technologies are the core of product lifecycle management (PLM) and human lifecycle management (HUM). This book has seven chapters, organized in two sections: "Computer-Aided Technologies in Engineering" and "Computer-Aided Technologies in Medicine." The first section treats the different aspects of PLM, including design, simulations and analysis, manufacturing, production planning, and quality assurance. In the second part of the book are presented CAx applications in medicine focused on clinical decision, diagnosis, and biosensor design. CAx plays a key role in a variety of engineering and medical applications, bringing a lot of benefits in product life cycle, extending and improving human life.

Medical Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis

Medical Imaging and Computer Aided Diagnosis Book
Author : Ruidan Su,Han Liu
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-02
ISBN : 9811551995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers virtually all aspects of image formation in medical imaging, including systems based on ionizing radiation (x-rays, gamma rays) and non-ionizing techniques (ultrasound, optical, thermal, magnetic resonance, and magnetic particle imaging) alike. In addition, it discusses the development and application of computer-aided detection and diagnosis (CAD) systems in medical imaging. Given its coverage, the book provides both a forum and valuable resource for researchers involved in image formation, experimental methods, image performance, segmentation, pattern recognition, feature extraction, classifier design, machine learning / deep learning, radiomics, CAD workstation design, human–computer interaction, databases, and performance evaluation.