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Computational Non Coding Rna Biology

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Computational Non coding RNA Biology

Computational Non coding RNA Biology Book
Author : Yun Zheng
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-09-14
ISBN : 0128143665
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Non-coding RNA Biology is a resource for the computation of non-coding RNAs. The book covers computational methods for the identification and quantification of non-coding RNAs, including miRNAs, tasiRNAs, phasiRNAs, lariat originated circRNAs and back-spliced circRNAs, the identification of miRNA/siRNA targets, and the identification of mutations and editing sites in miRNAs. The book introduces basic ideas of computational methods, along with their detailed computational steps, a critical component in the development of high throughput sequencing technologies for identifying different classes of non-coding RNAs and predicting the possible functions of these molecules. Finding, quantifying, and visualizing non-coding RNAs from high throughput sequencing datasets at high volume is complex. Therefore, it is usually possible for biologists to complete all of the necessary steps for analysis. Presents a comprehensive resource of computational methods for the identification and quantification of non-coding RNAs Introduces 23 practical computational pipelines for various topics of non-coding RNAs Provides a guide to assist biologists and other researchers dealing with complex datasets Introduces basic computational methods and provides guidelines for their replication by researchers Offers a solution to researchers approaching large and complex sequencing datasets

Computational Non Coding RNA Biology

Computational Non Coding RNA Biology Book
Author : Yun Zheng
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10
ISBN : 9780128143650
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Non-coding RNA Biology is a resource for the computation of non-coding RNAs. The book covers computational methods for the identification and quantification of non-coding RNAs, including miRNAs, tasiRNAs, phasiRNAs, lariat originated circRNAs and back-spliced circRNAs, the identification of miRNA/siRNA targets, and the identification of mutations and editing sites in miRNAs. The book introduces basic ideas of computational methods, along with their detailed computational steps, a critical component in the development of high throughput sequencing technologies for identifying different classes of non-coding RNAs and predicting the possible functions of these molecules. Finding, quantifying, and visualizing non-coding RNAs from high throughput sequencing datasets at high volume is complex. Therefore, it is usually possible for biologists to complete all of the necessary steps for analysis. Presents a comprehensive resource for computational methods for the identification and quantification of non-coding RNAs Provides a guide to assist biologists and other researchers dealing with complex datasets Introduces basic computational methods and provides guidelines for their replication by researchers Offers a solution to researchers approaching large and complex sequencing datasets

Computational Biology of Non Coding RNA

Computational Biology of Non Coding RNA Book
Author : Xin Lai,Shailendra K. Gupta,Julio Vera
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2019-02-04
ISBN : 9781493989812
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume details a collection of state-of-art methods including identification of novel ncRNAs and their targets, functional annotation and disease association in different biological contexts. Chapters guide readers through an overview of disease-specific ncRNAs, computational methods and workflows for ncRNA discovery, annotation based on high-throughput sequencing data, bioinformatics tools and databases for ncRNA analyses, network-based methods, and kinetic modelling of ncRNA-mediated gene regulation. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Computational Biology of Non-Coding RNA: Methods and Protocols aims to provide a state-of-the-art collection of computational methods and approaches that will be of value to researchers interested in ncRNA field.

Long Non Coding RNA Biology

Long Non Coding RNA Biology Book
Author : M.R.S. Rao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-08-16
ISBN : 9811052034
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This contributed volume offers a comprehensive and detailed overview of the various aspects of long non-coding RNAs and discusses their emerging significance. Written by leading experts in the field, it motivates young researchers around the globe, and offers graduate and postgraduate students fascinating insights into genes and their regulation in eukaryotes and higher organisms.

Non coding RNAs in Cardiovascular Diseases

Non coding RNAs in Cardiovascular Diseases Book
Author : Junjie Xiao
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-13
ISBN : 9811516715
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest research on non-coding RNAs in cardiovascular disease, a major cause of death worldwide. Non-coding RNAs play a significant role in development, proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis. Since altered non-coding RNA expression is often associated with various diseases, their potential use in diagnostics, prognostics and therapeutics is an important current area of study. The book consists of six parts: 1) An overview of non-coding RNAs and cardiovascular system, 2) Bioinformatics and interactions, 3) Non-coding RNA regulation in cardiovascular system, 4) Non-coding RNAs and cardiovascular diseases, 5) Potential biomarkers and therapeutic implications, 6) Future prospects. It is particularly useful for researchers and students in the field of non-coding RNA and cardiovascular biology, as well as for cardiologists, pharmacologists and physiologists.

Encyclopedia of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology

Encyclopedia of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 0128114320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Encyclopedia of Bioinformatics and Computational Biology: ABC of Bioinformatics combines elements of computer science, information technology, mathematics, statistics and biotechnology, providing the methodology and in silico solutions to mine biological data and processes. The book covers Theory, Topics and Applications, with a special focus on Integrative –omics and Systems Biology. The theoretical, methodological underpinnings of BCB, including phylogeny are covered, as are more current areas of focus, such as translational bioinformatics, cheminformatics, and environmental informatics. Finally, Applications provide guidance for commonly asked questions. This major reference work spans basic and cutting-edge methodologies authored by leaders in the field, providing an invaluable resource for students, scientists, professionals in research institutes, and a broad swath of researchers in biotechnology and the biomedical and pharmaceutical industries. Brings together information from computer science, information technology, mathematics, statistics and biotechnology Written and reviewed by leading experts in the field, providing a unique and authoritative resource Focuses on the main theoretical and methodological concepts before expanding on specific topics and applications Includes interactive images, multimedia tools and crosslinking to further resources and databases

Recent Progresses of Non Coding RNAs in Biological and Medical Research 2nd Edition

Recent Progresses of Non Coding RNAs in Biological and Medical Research  2nd Edition Book
Author : Yun Zheng,Philipp Kapranov
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-11-04
ISBN : 2889660540
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Publisher’s note: In this 2nd edition, the following article has been updated: Xun Y, Tang Y, Hu L, Xiao H, Long S, Gong M, Wei C, Wei K and Xiang S (2019) Purification and Identification of miRNA Target Sites in Genome Using DNA Affinity Precipitation. Front. Genet. 10:778. doi: 10.3389/fgene.2019.00778

Molecular Biology of Long Non coding RNAs

Molecular Biology of Long Non coding RNAs Book
Author : Ahmad M. Khalil,Jeff Coller
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-09-20
ISBN : 1461486211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

​Long non-coding RNAs (lnc)RNAs have emerged as a new paradigm in epigenetic regulation of the genome. Thousands of lncRNAs have been identified and observed in a wide range of organisms. Unlike mRNA, lncRNA have no protein-coding capacity. ​So, while their function is not entirely clear, they may serve as key organizers of protein complexes that allow for higher order regulatory events. Discovering these functions has been the result of intense research done of the last few years, and lncRNA research has had several critical developments during that time. This book will consolidate these ideas and models to better examine the most important issues in lncRNA biology. This will include critical studies that have led to the discovery and annotation of lncRNAs in numerous species, and the molecular mechanisms for a few lncRNA that have begun to emerge.

Kernel Methods in Computational Biology

Kernel Methods in Computational Biology Book
Author : Bernhard Schölkopf,Director of the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent in Tübingen Germany Professor for Machine Lea Bernhard Schölkopf,Koji Tsuda,Jean-Philippe Vert
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780262195096
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A Primer on Molecular Biology. A Primer on Kernel Methods. Support Vector Machine Applications in Computational Biology. Inexact Matching String Kernels for Protein Classification. Fast Kernels for String and Tree Matching. Local Alignment Kernels for Biological Sequences. Kernels for Graphs. Diffusion Kernels. A Kernel for Protein Secondary Structure Prediction. Heterogeneous Data Comparsion and Gene Selection with Kernel Canonical Correlation Analysis. Kernel-Based Integration of Genomic Data Using Semdefinite Programming. Protein Classification via Kernel Matrix Completion. Accurate Splice Site Detection for Caenorhabditid elegans. Gene Espression Analysis: Joint Feature Selection and Classifier Design. Gene Selection for Microarray Data.

Cancer and Noncoding RNAs

Cancer and Noncoding RNAs Book
Author : Jayprokas Chakrabarti,Sanga Mitra
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-13
ISBN : 0128134372
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cancer and Noncoding RNAs offers an in-depth exploration of noncoding RNAs and their role in epigenetic regulation of complex human disease, most notably cancer. In addition to examining microRNAs, this volume provides a unique evaluation of more recently profiled noncoding RNAs now implicated in carcinogenesis, including lncRNAs, piRNAs, circRNAs, and tRNAs, identifying differences in function between these noncoding RNAs and how they interact with the rest of the epigenome. A broad range of chapters from experts in the field detail epigenetic regulation of various cancer types, along with recent next generation sequencing technologies, genome-wide association studies (GWAS) and bioinformatics approaches. This book will help researchers in genomic medicine and cancer biology better understand the role of noncoding RNAs in epigenetics, aiding in the development of useful biomarkers for diagnosis, prognosis and new RNA-based disease therapies. Provides a comprehensive analysis of noncoding RNAs implicated in epigenetic regulation of gene expression and chromatin dynamics Educates researchers and graduate students by highlighting, in addition to miRNAs, a range of noncoding RNAs newly associated with carcinogenesis Applies current knowledge of noncoding RNAs and epigenomics towards developing cancer and RNA-based disease therapies Features contributions by leading experts in the field

Non Coding RNAs

Non Coding RNAs Book
Author : Jan Barciszewski
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2003-08-31
ISBN : 9780306478352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

General inspection of a role performed in the cell by RNAs allows us to distinguish three major groups of transcripts: I. protein-coding mRNAs, II. non-coding housekeeping and III. regulatory RNAs. The housekeeping RNAs include RNA classes that are generally, constitutively expressed and whose presence is required for normal function and viability of the cells. On the other hand, a group of regulatory RNAs includes RNA species that are expressed at certain stages of organism development or cell differentiation or as a response to external stimuli and can affect expression of other genes on the levels of transcription or translation. Non-coding RNA transcripts form a heterogeneous class of RNAs that can not be characterized by a single specific function. Initially, the term non-coding RNA (ncRNA) was used primarily to describe polyadenylated and a capped eukaryotic RNAs transcribed by RNA polymerase II, but lacking long open reading frames. Now, this definition can be extended to cover all RNA transcripts that do not show protein-coding capacity and is sometimes used to describe any RNA that does not encode protein, including introns. This book is an in-depth look at the function of Non-Coding RNAs and their relationship to Molecular Biology and Molecular Biology.

Long Non Coding Rnas Methods and Protocols

Long Non Coding Rnas  Methods and Protocols Book
Author : Yi Feng,Lin Zhang
Publisher : Methods in Molecular Biology
Release : 2018-04-15
ISBN : 9781493980352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume assembles a broad spectrum of methods used in long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) research, ranging from computational annotation of lncRNA genes to molecular and cellular analyses of the function of individual lncRNA. Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols also discusses methods used to study circular RNAs and RNA splicing, as well as influential findings on lncRNA in human diseases. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Thorough and cutting-edge, Long Non-Coding RNAs: Methods and Protocols is a must-have for molecular biologists, cell and developmental biologists, specialists who conduct disease-oriented research, and bioinformatics experts who seek a better understanding on lncRNA expression and function by computational analysis of the massive sequencing data that are rapidly accumulating in recent years.

Long Non coding RNAs in Plants

Long Non coding RNAs in Plants Book
Author : Santosh Kumar Upadhyay
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-11-27
ISBN : 012821452X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The growth of human population has increased the demand for improved yield and quality of crops and horticultural plants. However, plant productivity continues to be threatened by stresses such as heat, cold, drought, heavy metals, UV radiations, bacterial and fungal pathogens, and insect pests. Long non-coding RNAs are associated with various developmental pathways, regulatory systems, abiotic and biotic stress responses and signaling, and can provide an alternative strategy for stress management in plants. Long Non-coding RNAs in Plants: Roles in development and stress provides the most recent advances in LncRNAs, including identification, characterization, and their potential applications and uses. Introductory chapters include the basic features and brief history of development of lncRNAs studies in plants. The book then provides the knowledge about the lncRNAs in various important agricultural and horticultural crops such as cereals, legumes, fruits, vegetables, and fiber crop cotton, and their roles and applications in abiotic and biotic stress management. Includes the latest advances and research in long non-coding RNAs in plants Provides alternative strategies for abiotic and biotic stress management in horticultural plants and agricultural crops Focuses on the application and uses of long non-coding RNAs

Research in Computational Molecular Biology

Research in Computational Molecular Biology Book
Author : Alberto Apostolico,Concettina Guerra,Sorin Istrail,Pavel Pevzner,Michael Waterman
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2006-08-12
ISBN : 3540332960
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the papers presented at the 10th Annual International Conference on Research in Computational Molecular Biology (RECOMB 2006), which was held in Venice, Italy, on April 2–5, 2006

Advances in Computational and Bio Engineering

Advances in Computational and Bio Engineering Book
Author : S. Jyothi,D. M. Mamatha,Suresh Chandra Satapathy,K. Srujan Raju,Margarita N. Favorskaya
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-07-19
ISBN : 3030469395
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers state-of-the-art research in computational engineering and bioengineering to facilitate knowledge exchange between various scientific communities. Computational engineering (CE) is a relatively new discipline that addresses the development and application of computational models and simulations often coupled with high-performance computing to solve complex physical problems arising in engineering analysis and design in the context of natural phenomena. Bioengineering (BE) is an important aspect of computational biology, which aims to develop and use efficient algorithms, data structures, and visualization and communication tools to model biological systems. Today, engineering approaches are essential for biologists, enabling them to analyse complex physiological processes, as well as for the pharmaceutical industry to support drug discovery and development programmes.

The Chemical Biology of Long Noncoding RNAs

The Chemical Biology of Long Noncoding RNAs Book
Author : Stefan Jurga,Jan Barciszewski
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 303044743X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers a comprehensive and detailed overview of various aspects of long non-coding RNAs. It discusses their emerging significance in molecular medicine, ranging from human cancers to cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Transcriptomic studies have demonstrated that the majority of genomes found in complex organisms are expressed in highly dynamic and cell-specific patterns, producing huge numbers of intergenic, antisense and intronic long non-protein-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). Thousands of lncRNAs have been identified, and unlike mRNA, they have no protein-coding capacity. A large repertoire of ncRNAs, actively transcribed from the mammalian genome, control diverse cellular processes, both in terms of development and diseases, through a variety of gene regulatory mechanisms. IncRNAs have emerged as a new paradigm in epigenetic regulation of the genome. Given its scope, the book will be of particular interest to molecular, chemical, cell and developmental biologists, as well as specialists in translational medicine involved in disease-oriented research. It also offers a valuable resource for in silico experts seeking a deeper understanding of lncRNA expression and function through computational analysis of the NGS data.

Computational Genomics with R

Computational Genomics with R Book
Author : Altuna Akalin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-12-16
ISBN : 1498781861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Genomics with R provides a starting point for beginners in genomic data analysis and also guides more advanced practitioners to sophisticated data analysis techniques in genomics. The book covers topics from R programming, to machine learning and statistics, to the latest genomic data analysis techniques. The text provides accessible information and explanations, always with the genomics context in the background. This also contains practical and well-documented examples in R so readers can analyze their data by simply reusing the code presented. As the field of computational genomics is interdisciplinary, it requires different starting points for people with different backgrounds. For example, a biologist might skip sections on basic genome biology and start with R programming, whereas a computer scientist might want to start with genome biology. After reading: You will have the basics of R and be able to dive right into specialized uses of R for computational genomics such as using Bioconductor packages. You will be familiar with statistics, supervised and unsupervised learning techniques that are important in data modeling, and exploratory analysis of high-dimensional data. You will understand genomic intervals and operations on them that are used for tasks such as aligned read counting and genomic feature annotation. You will know the basics of processing and quality checking high-throughput sequencing data. You will be able to do sequence analysis, such as calculating GC content for parts of a genome or finding transcription factor binding sites. You will know about visualization techniques used in genomics, such as heatmaps, meta-gene plots, and genomic track visualization. You will be familiar with analysis of different high-throughput sequencing data sets, such as RNA-seq, ChIP-seq, and BS-seq. You will know basic techniques for integrating and interpreting multi-omics datasets. Altuna Akalin is a group leader and head of the Bioinformatics and Omics Data Science Platform at the Berlin Institute of Medical Systems Biology, Max Delbrück Center, Berlin. He has been developing computational methods for analyzing and integrating large-scale genomics data sets since 2002. He has published an extensive body of work in this area. The framework for this book grew out of the yearly computational genomics courses he has been organizing and teaching since 2015.

RNA Based Regulation in Human Health and Disease

RNA Based Regulation in Human Health and Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-08-19
ISBN : 0128171944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

RNA-based Regulation in Human Health and Disease offers an in-depth exploration of RNA mediated genome regulation at different hierarchies. Beginning with multitude of canonical and non-canonical RNA populations, especially noncoding RNA in human physiology and evolution, further sections examine the various classes of RNAs (from small to large noncoding and extracellular RNAs), functional categories of RNA regulation (RNA-binding proteins, alternative splicing, RNA editing, antisense transcripts and RNA G-quadruplexes), dynamic aspects of RNA regulation modulating physiological homeostasis (aging), role of RNA beyond humans, tools and technologies for RNA research (wet lab and computational) and future prospects for RNA-based diagnostics and therapeutics. One of the core strengths of the book includes spectrum of disease-specific chapters from experts in the field highlighting RNA-based regulation in metabolic & neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, inflammatory disease, viral and bacterial infections. We hope the book helps researchers, students and clinicians appreciate the role of RNA-based regulation in genome regulation, aiding the development of useful biomarkers for prognosis, diagnosis, and novel RNA-based therapeutics. Comprehensive information of non-canonical RNA-based genome regulation modulating human health and disease Defines RNA classes with special emphasis on unexplored world of noncoding RNA at different hierarchies Disease specific role of RNA - causal, prognostic, diagnostic and therapeutic Features contributions from leading experts in the field

Long Non Coding RNA

Long Non Coding RNA Book
Author : Syed Mudasir Andrabi,Nazir Ahmad Ganai
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2020-09-03
ISBN : 1527559106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long non-coding RNAs (LncRNAs) were originally regarded as “noise” in the genome due to their lack of protein-encoding capacity. However, their roles are now understood to cover various biological functions like gene regulation, cell proliferation, survival, differentiation, and chromatin remodeling. As an emerging group of non-coding RNA molecules, LncRNAs are involved in diverse diseases like cancer, cardiovascular, autoimmune, hormonal disorders, neurodegeneration, and infection, among others. However, knowledge of the mechanisms by which they act is still ambiguous. As such, this book meets the essential need for a textbook dedicated to this topic and provides a comprehensive and captivating account of lncRNA research.

Regulatory RNAs in the Nervous System 2nd Edition

Regulatory RNAs in the Nervous System  2nd Edition Book
Author : Tommaso Pizzorusso,Alessandro Cellerino,Laure Bally-Cuif
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 2889456579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Until about a decade ago, the non-coding part of the genome was considered without function. RNA sequencing studies have shown, however, that a considerable part of the non-coding genome is transcribed and that these non-coding RNAs (nc-RNAs) can regulate gene expression. Almost on weekly basis, new findings reveal the regulatory role of nc-RNAs exert in many biological processes. Overall, these studies are making increasingly clear that, both in model organisms and in humans, complexity is not a function of the number of protein-coding genes, but results from the possibility of using combinations of genetic programs and controlling their spatial and temporal regulation during development, senescence and in disease by regulatory RNAs. This has generated a novel picture of gene regulatory networks where regulatory nc-RNAs represent novel layers of regulation. Particularly well-characterized is the role of microRNAs (miRNAs), small nc-RNAs, that bind to mRNAs and regulate gene expression after transcritpion. This message is particularly clear in the nervous system, where miRNAs have been involved in regulating cellular pathways controlling fundamental functions during development, synaptic plasticity and in neurodegenerative disease. It has also been shown that neuronal miRNAs are tightly regulated by electrical activity at the level of transcription, biogenesis, stability and specifically targeted to dendrites and synapses. Deregulation of expression of miRNAs is proposed not only as potential disease biomarker, but it has been implicated directly in the pathogenesis of complex neurodegenerative disease. This so-called RNA revolution also lead to the exploitation of RNA interference and the development of related tools as potential treatment of a vast array of CNS disease that could benefit from regulation of disease-associated genes. In spite of these advancements, the relatively young age of this field together with the inherent high molecular complexity of RNA regulation of biological processes have somewhat hindered its communication to the whole of the neuroscience community. This Research Topic aims at improving this aspect by putting around the same virtual table scientists covering aspects ranging from basic molecular mechanisms of regulatory RNAs in the nervous system to the analysis of the role of specific regulatory RNAs in neurobiological processes of development, plasticity and aging. Furthermore, we included papers analyzing the role of regulatory RNAs in disease models from neuromuscular to higher cognitive functions, and more technically oriented papers dealing with new methodologies to study regulatory RNA biology and its translational potential.