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Computational Modelling Of Biomechanics And Biotribology In The Musculoskeletal System

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Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Z Jin
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-05
ISBN : 0857096737
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System reviews how a wide range of materials are modelled and how this modelling is applied. Computational modelling is increasingly important in the design and manufacture of biomedical materials, as it makes it possible to predict certain implant-tissue reactions, degradation, and wear, and allows more accurate tailoring of materials' properties for the in vivo environment. Part I introduces generic modelling of biomechanics and biotribology with a chapter on the fundamentals of computational modelling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, and a further chapter on finite element modelling in the musculoskeletal system. Chapters in Part II focus on computational modelling of musculoskeletal cells and tissues, including cell mechanics, soft tissues and ligaments, muscle biomechanics, articular cartilage, bone and bone remodelling, and fracture processes in bones. Part III highlights computational modelling of orthopedic biomaterials and interfaces, including fatigue of bone cement, fracture processes in orthopedic implants, and cementless cup fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Finally, chapters in Part IV discuss applications of computational modelling for joint replacements and tissue scaffolds, specifically hip implants, knee implants, and spinal implants; and computer aided design and finite element modelling of bone tissue scaffolds. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and mechanical engineers, and those in academia. Covers generic modelling of cells and tissues; modelling of biomaterials and interfaces; biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modelling for joint replacements and applications of computational modelling in tissue engineering

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Z Jin,Junyan Li,Zhenxian Chen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-10-07
ISBN : 0128227621
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System: Biomaterials and Tissues, Second Edition reviews how a wide range of materials are modeled and applied. Chapters cover basic concepts for modeling of biomechanics and biotribology, the fundamentals of computational modeling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, finite element modeling in the musculoskeletal system, computational modeling from a cells and tissues perspective, and computational modeling of the biomechanics and biotribology interactions, looking at complex joint structures. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and biomechanical engineers, and academics in related fields. This important new edition provides an up-to-date overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application, including new content on novel technologies, biomorphic hydroxyapatite and more. Provides detailed, introductory coverage of modeling of cells and tissues, modeling of biomaterials and interfaces, biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modeling for joint replacements and applications of computational modeling in tissue engineering Offers a holistic perspective, from cells and small ligaments to complex joint interactions

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System Book
Author : Z Jin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Biomechanics and Biotribology in the Musculoskeletal System reviews how a wide range of materials are modelled and how this modelling is applied. Computational modelling is increasingly important in the design and manufacture of biomedical materials, as it makes it possible to predict certain implant-tissue reactions, degradation, and wear, and allows more accurate tailoring of materials' properties for the in vivo environment. Part I introduces generic modelling of biomechanics and biotribology with a chapter on the fundamentals of computational modelling of biomechanics in the musculoskeletal system, and a further chapter on finite element modelling in the musculoskeletal system. Chapters in Part II focus on computational modelling of musculoskeletal cells and tissues, including cell mechanics, soft tissues and ligaments, muscle biomechanics, articular cartilage, bone and bone remodelling, and fracture processes in bones. Part III highlights computational modelling of orthopedic biomaterials and interfaces, including fatigue of bone cement, fracture processes in orthopedic implants, and cementless cup fixation in total hip arthroplasty (THA). Finally, chapters in Part IV discuss applications of computational modelling for joint replacements and tissue scaffolds, specifically hip implants, knee implants, and spinal implants; and computer aided design and finite element modelling of bone tissue scaffolds. This book is a comprehensive resource for professionals in the biomedical market, materials scientists and mechanical engineers, and those in academia. Covers generic modelling of cells and tissues; modelling of biomaterials and interfaces; biomechanics and biotribology Discusses applications of modelling for joint replacements and applications of computational modelling in tissue engineering.

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes Book
Author : Sid Becker
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-12-27
ISBN : 0128046198
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modeling of Microscale Transport in Biological Processes provides a compendium of recent advances in theoretical and computational modeling of biotransport phenomena at the microscale. The simulation strategies presented range from molecular to continuum models and consider both numerical and exact solution method approaches to coupled systems of equations. The biological processes covered in this book include digestion, molecular transport, microbial swimming, cilia mediated flow, microscale heat transfer, micro-vascular flow, vesicle dynamics, transport through bio-films and bio-membranes, and microscale growth dynamics. The book is written for an advanced academic research audience in the fields of engineering (encompassing biomedical, chemical, biological, mechanical, and electrical), biology and mathematics. Although written for, and by, expert researchers, each chapter provides a strong introductory section to ensure accessibility to readers at all levels. Features recent developments in theoretical and computational modeling for clinical researchers and engineers Furthers researcher understanding of fluid flow in biological media and focuses on biofluidics at the microscale Includes chapters expertly authored by internationally recognized authorities in the fundamental and applied fields that are associated with microscale transport in living media

Advances in Bionanomaterials

Advances in Bionanomaterials Book
Author : Stefano Piotto,Federico Rossi,Simona Concilio,Ernesto Reverchon,Giuseppe Cattaneo
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-07-24
ISBN : 3319620274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reports on multidisciplinary research focusing on the analysis, synthesis and design of bionanomaterials. It merges the biophysicists’, the biochemists’ and bioengineers’ perspectives, covering the study of the basic properties of materials and their interaction with biological systems, the development of new devices for medical purposes such as implantable systems, and new algorithms and methods for modeling the mechanical, physical or biological properties of biomaterials. The different chapters, which are based on selected contributions presented at the second edition of BIONAM, held on October 4-7, 2016, in Salerno, Italy, cover both basic and applied research. This includes novel synthetic strategies for nanomaterials, as well as the implementation of bio- and smart materials for pharmacological and medical purposes (e.g. drug delivery, implantable systems), environmental applications, and many others. The book provides a broad audience of academic and professionals with a comprehensive, timely snapshot of the field of biomaterials. Besides offering a set of innovative theories together with the necessary practical tools for their implementation, it also highlights current challenges in the field, thus fostering new discussions and possible future collaborations between groups with different backgrounds.

Experimental and Numerical Investigations in Materials Science and Engineering

Experimental and Numerical Investigations in Materials Science and Engineering Book
Author : Nenad Mitrovic,Milos Milosevic,Goran Mladenovic
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-03
ISBN : 3319996207
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a collection of high-quality peer-reviewed research papers presented at the International Conference of Experimental and Numerical Investigations and New Technologies (CNNTech2018), held in Zlatibor, Serbia from 4 to 6 July 2018. The book discusses a wide variety of industrial, engineering and scientific applications of engineering techniques. Researchers from academia and the industry share their original work and exchange ideas, experiences, information, techniques, applications and innovations in the field of mechanical engineering, materials science, chemical and process engineering, experimental techniques, numerical methods and new technologies.

Nanocomposites for Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration

Nanocomposites for Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration Book
Author : Huinan Liu
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-02-23
ISBN : 178242475X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanocomposites for Musculoskeletal Tissue Regeneration discusses the advanced biomaterials scientists are exploring for use as tools to mimic the structure of musculoskeletal tissues. Bone and other musculoskeletal tissues naturally have a nanocomposite structure, therefore nanocomposites are ideally suited as a material for replacing and regenerating these natural tissues. In addition, biological properties such as biointegration and the ability to tailor and dope the materials make them highly desirable for musculoskeletal tissue regeneration. Provides a comprehensive discussion on the design and advancements made in the use of nanocomposites for musculoskeletal tissue regeneration Presents an In-depth coverage of material properties Includes discussions on polymers, ceramics, and glass

Medical Modelling

Medical Modelling Book
Author : Richard Bibb,Dominic Eggbeer,Abby Paterson
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-12-13
ISBN : 1782423133
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical modelling and the principles of medical imaging, Computer Aided Design (CAD) and Rapid Prototyping (also known as Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing) are important techniques relating to various disciplines - from biomaterials engineering to surgery. Building on the success of the first edition, Medical Modelling: The application of Advanced Design and Rapid Prototyping techniques in medicine provides readers with a revised edition of the original text, along with key information on innovative imaging techniques, Rapid Prototyping technologies and case studies. Following an overview of medical imaging for Rapid Prototyping, the book goes on to discuss working with medical scan data and techniques for Rapid Prototyping. In this second edition there is an extensive section of peer-reviewed case studies, describing the practical applications of advanced design technologies in surgical, prosthetic, orthotic, dental and research applications. Covers the steps towards rapid prototyping, from conception (modelling) to manufacture (manufacture) Includes a comprehensive case studies section on the practical application of computer-aided design (CAD) and rapid prototyping (RP) Provides an insight into medical imaging for rapid prototyping and working with medical scan data

Hydroxyapatite HAp for Biomedical Applications

Hydroxyapatite  HAp  for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Michael Mucalo
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-03-06
ISBN : 178242041X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hydroxyapatite in the form of hydroxycarbonate apatite is the principal mineral component of bone tissue in mammals. In Bioceramics, it is classed as a bioactive material, which means bone tissue grows directly on it when placed in apposition without intervening fibrous tissue. Hydroxyapatite is hence commonly used as bone grafts, fillers and as coatings for metal implants. This important book provides an overview of the most recent research and developments involving hydroxyapatite as a key material in medicine and its application. Reviews the important properties of hydroxyapatite as a biomaterial Considers a range of specific forms of the material and their advantages Reviews a range of specific medical applications for this important material

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials Book
Author : Stuart L. Cooper,Jianjun Guan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-01-23
ISBN : 0081006225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Polyurethane Biomaterials brings together a thorough review of advances in the properties and applications of polyurethanes for biomedical applications. The first set of chapters in the book provides an important overview of the fundamentals of this material with chapters on properties and processing methods for polyurethane. Further sections cover significant uses such as their tissue engineering and vascular and drug delivery applications Written by an international team of leading authors, the book is a comprehensive and essential reference on this important biomaterial. Brings together in-depth coverage of an important material, essential for many advanced biomedical applications Connects the fundamentals of polyurethanes with state-of-the-art analysis of significant new applications, including tissue engineering and drug delivery Written by a team of highly knowledgeable authors with a range of professional and academic experience, overseen by an editor who is a leading expert in the field

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications Book
Author : Lígia Rodrigues,Manuel Mota
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-24
ISBN : 0081007469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioinspired Materials for Medical Applications examines the inspiration of natural materials and their interpretation as modern biomaterials. With a strong focus on therapeutic and diagnostic applications, the book also examines the development and manipulation of bioinspired materials in regenerative medicine. The first set of chapters is heavily focused on bioinspired solutions for the delivery of drugs and therapeutics that also offer information on the fundamentals of these materials. Chapters in part two concentrate on bioinspired materials for diagnosis applications with a wide coverage of sensor and imaging systems With a broad coverage of the applications of bioinspired biomaterials, this book is a valuable resource for biomaterials researchers, clinicians, and scientists in academia and industry, and all those who wish to broaden their knowledge in the allied field. Explores how materials designed and produced with inspiration from nature can be used to enhance man-made biomaterials and medical devices Brings together the two fields of biomaterials and bioinspired materials Written by a world-class team of research scientists, engineers, and clinicians

Shoulder and Elbow Trauma and its Complications

Shoulder and Elbow Trauma and its Complications Book
Author : Michael Greiwe
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-10-14
ISBN : 1782424733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shoulder and Elbow Trauma and Its Complications: Volume 2: The Elbow provides an update on elbow surgery, a type of procedure that is seeing a significant increase in recent years. Although some of these surgeries are due to an aging population, a large proportion of operations are being performed on younger patients who have damaged their joints through physical activity. Worldwide, many of the injuries sustained through sport and physical activity are fractures which can be difficult to treat and can cause complications. Chapters in this detailed book will look at the most common types of elbow trauma and how to manage complications in surgery. All major elbow traumas covered Discusses tactics on how to manage complications in surgery Provides information based on an aging population and the increase in sports related elbow fractures Joint specific information

Surface Coating and Modification of Metallic Biomaterials

Surface Coating and Modification of Metallic Biomaterials Book
Author : Cuie Wen
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2015-03-31
ISBN : 1782423168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite advances in alternative materials, metals are still the biomaterial of choice for a number of clinical applications such as dental, orthopedic and cardiac implants. However, there are a number of intrinsic problems associated with implanting metal in the biological environment, such as wear, corrosion, biocompatibility and toxicity, which must be addressed. Modern technology has enabled scientists to modify metal surfaces or apply special coatings to metals to improve their performance safety. Surface Coating and Modification of Metallic Biomaterials will discuss the most important modification techniques and coatings for metals, first covering the fundamentals of metals as a biomaterial and then exploring surface modification techniques and coatings. An expansive overview of surface modification techniques for biomedical use In-depth exploration of issues arising from metal biomaterial use Includes examples of applications in a clinical setting

Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine in Ophthalmology

Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine in Ophthalmology Book
Author : Traian Chirila,Damien Harkin
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-04-23
ISBN : 0081001843
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials and Regenerative Medicine in Ophthalmology, Second Edition, focuses on an aging population and the increasing instances of eye diseases. Biomaterials continue to be used for numerous medical devices for the restoration of eyesight, improving many patients’ quality of life. Consequently, biomaterials and regenerative medicine are becoming increasingly important to the advances of ophthalmology and optometry. This book provides readers with an updated and expanded look at the present status and future direction of biomaterials and regenerative medicine in this important field. Provides an integral and significant exploration of biomaterials and regenerative medicine, presenting crucial advances made in the fields of ophthalmology and optometry, such as the development of intraocular lenses and new applications for contact lens Presents a new and updated look at the future direction of biomaterials and regenerative medicine in this field Comprehensive coverage in a range of fields, including hydrogels, corneal tissue engineering, and stem cell therapies for the restoration of the ocular surface

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications

Surface Modification of Magnesium and its Alloys for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : T.S.N. Sankara Narayanan,Il-Song Park,Min-Ho Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-01-08
ISBN : 1782420827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications: Biological interactions, mechanical properties and testing, the first of two volumes, is an essential guide on the use of magnesium as a degradable implant material. Due to their excellent biocompatibility and biodegradability, magnesium based degradable implants provide a viable option for the permanent metallic implants. This volume focuses on the fundamental concepts of surface modification of magnesium, its biological interactions, mechanical properties and, in vitro and in vivo testing. The contents of volume 1 is organized and presented in three parts. Part 1 reviews the fundamental aspects of surface modification of magnesium, including surface design, opportunities, challenges and its role in revolutionizing biodegradable biomaterials. Part 2 addresses the biological and mechanical properties covering an in vivo approach to the bioabsorbable behavior of magnesium alloys, mechanical integrity and, the effects of amino acids and proteins on the performance of surface modified magnesium. Part 3 delves in to testing and characterization, exploring the biocompatibility and effects on fatigue life alongside the primary characteristics of surface modified magnesium. All chapters are written by experts, this two volume series provides systematic and thorough coverage of all major modification technologies and coating types of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications. Expert analysis of the fundamentals in surface modification of magnesium and its alloys for biomedical applications Includes biological interactions and mechanical properties Focuses on testing and characterisation, as well as biocompatibility

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications

Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Niklaus Baltzer,Thierry Copponnex
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-05-07
ISBN : 0857099051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Precious metals and semi-precious metals are used for an increasing number of medical applications due to the properties of these metals and their alloys. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications reviews the properties of precious metals and their resulting applications in medicine. Part one outlines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, discussing their useful properties, such as biocompatibility and corrosion resistance. Part two goes on to provide an overview of the applications of precious metals in biomedicine, including dental, therapeutic, tissue engineering, and bioimaging applications. It discusses the advantages of the structure and properties of precious metals for these applications. Precious Metals for Biomedical Applications is a key reference for material scientists and academics concerned with the properties and uses of these metals. Provides a useful review of this group of materials’ unique properties and applications Examines the fundamentals of precious metals for biomedical applications, before looking at a wide range of applications of precious metals in medicine

Regulatory Affairs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices

Regulatory Affairs for Biomaterials and Medical Devices Book
Author : Stephen F. Amato,Robert M. Ezzell Jr
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-10-27
ISBN : 0857099205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

All biomaterials and medical devices are subject to a long list of regulatory practises and policies which must be adhered to in order to receive clearance. This book provides readers with information on the systems in place in the USA and the rest of the world. Chapters focus on a series of procedures and policies including topics such as commercialization, clinical development, general good practise manufacturing and post market surveillance. Addresses global regulations and regulatory issues surrounding biomaterials and medical devices Especially useful for smaller companies who may not employ a full time vigilance professional Focuses on procedures and policies including risk management, intellectual protection, marketing authorisation, university patent licenses and general good practise manufacturing

Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine

Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Subhas Kundu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-03-24
ISBN : 0857097067
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Silk is increasingly being used as a biomaterial for tissue engineering applications, as well as sutures, due to its unique mechanical and chemical properties. Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine discusses the properties of silk that make it useful for medical purposes and its applications in this area. Part one introduces silk biomaterials, discussing their fundamentals and how they are processed, and considering different types of silk biomaterials. Part two focuses on the properties and behavior of silk biomaterials and the implications of this for their applications in biomedicine. These chapters focus on topics including biodegradation, bio-response to silk sericin, and capillary growth behavior in porous silk films. Finally, part three discusses the applications of silk biomaterials for tissue engineering, regenerative medicine, and biomedicine, with chapters on the use of silk biomaterials for vertebral, dental, dermal, and cardiac tissue engineering. Silk Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine is an important resource for materials and tissue engineering scientists, R&D departments in industry and academia, and academics with an interest in the fields of biomaterials and tissue engineering. Discusses the properties and applications of silk for medical purposes Considers pharmaceutical and cosmeceutical applications

Medical Biosensors for Point of Care POC Applications

Medical Biosensors for Point of Care  POC  Applications Book
Author : Roger J Narayan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-08-21
ISBN : 0081000782
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Medical Biosensors for Point of Care (POC) Applications discusses advances in this important and emerging field which has the potential to transform patient diagnosis and care. Part 1 covers the fundamentals of medical biosensors for point-of-care applications. Chapters in part 2 go on to look at materials and fabrication of medical biosensors while the next part looks at different technologies and operational techniques. The final set of chapters provide an overview of the current applications of this technology. Traditionally medical diagnostics have been dependent on sophisticated technologies which only trained professionals were able to operate. Recent research has focused on creating point-of-care diagnostic tools. These biosensors are miniaturised, portable, and are designed to be used at the point-of-care by untrained individuals, providing real-time and remote health monitoring. Provides essential knowledge for designers and manufacturers of biosensors for point-of-care applications Provides comprehensive coverage of the fundamentals, materials, technologies, and applications of medical biosensors for point-of-care applications Includes contributions from leading international researchers with extensive experience in developing medical biosensors Discusses advances in this important and emerging field which has the potential to transform patient diagnosis and care

New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare

New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare Book
Author : Elena P. Ivanova,Kateryna Bazaka,Roy J. Crawford
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2014-02-13
ISBN : 1782422668
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare provides a concise summary of the latest developments in key types of biomaterials. The book begins with an overview of the use of biomaterials in contemporary healthcare and the process of developing novel biomaterials; the key issues and challenges associated with the design of complex implantable systems are also highlighted. The book then reviews the main materials used in functional biomaterials, particularly their properties and applications. Individual chapters focus on both natural and synthetic polymers, metallic biomaterials, and bio-inert and bioactive ceramics. Advances in processing technologies and our understanding of materials and their properties have made it possible for scientists and engineers to develop more sophisticated biomaterials with more targeted functionality. New Functional Biomaterials for Medicine and Healthcare provides an ideal one-volume summary of this important field that represents essential reading for scientists, engineers, and clinicians, and a useful reference text for undergraduate and postgraduate students. Provides a concise summary of the latest developments in key types of biomaterials Highlights key issues and challenges associated with the design of complex implantable systems Chapters focus on both natural and synthetic polymers, metallic biomaterials, and bio-inert and bioactive ceramics