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Computational Matter

Computational Matter Book
Author : Susan Stepney,Steen Rasmussen,Martyn Amos
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-07-20
ISBN : 3319658263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is concerned with computing in materio: that is, unconventional computing performed by directly harnessing the physical properties of materials. It offers an overview of the field, covering four main areas of interest: theory, practice, applications and implications. Each chapter synthesizes current understanding by deliberately bringing together researchers across a collection of related research projects. The book is useful for graduate students, researchers in the field, and the general scientific reader who is interested in inherently interdisciplinary research at the intersections of computer science, biology, chemistry, physics, engineering and mathematics.

Matters Computational

Matters Computational Book
Author : Jörg Arndt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-10-20
ISBN : 9783642147630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides algorithms and ideas for computationalists. Subjects treated include low-level algorithms, bit wizardry, combinatorial generation, fast transforms like the Fourier transform, and fast arithmetic for both real numbers and finite fields. Various optimization techniques are described and the actual performance of many given implementations is examined. The focus is on material that does not usually appear in textbooks on algorithms. The implementations are done in C++ and the GP language, written for POSIX-compliant platforms such as the Linux and BSD operating systems.

Progress in Computational Physics of Matter

Progress in Computational Physics of Matter Book
Author : Luciano Reatto,Franca Manghi
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1995
ISBN : 9789810224042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of the book is to describe some of the recent advances, through computer simulation in a broad sense, in the understanding of the complex processes occurring in solids and liquids.The rapid growth of computer power, including the new parallel processors, has stimulated a ferment of new theoretical and computational ideas, which have been developed in particular by the authors in a pluriennal research project supported by Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR) for the development of novel software for large scale computations.The book will cover advances in ab initio (Car-Parrinello) molecular dynamics, quantum monte carlo simulations, self-consistent density functional computation of electronic states, classical molecular dynamics simulation of thermodynamic processes, chemical reactions and transport properties.Besides the description of the results of these techniques in leading edge applications, the book will address specific aspects of the algorithms and software which have been developed by the authors in order to implement in an efficient way the new theoretical advances in these computationally intensive problems.These aspects which are generally not discussed in any detail in the literature, can be of great help for newcomers in the field.

Computational Methods in Condensed Matter Electronic Structure

Computational Methods in Condensed Matter  Electronic Structure Book
Author : A.A. Katsnelson,V.S. Stepanyuk,A. Szasz,O.V. Farberovich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1992-03-02
ISBN : 9780883188651
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Blurb & Contents" This current and comprehensive treatment of the physics of small- amplitude waves in hot magnetized plasmas provides a thorough update of the author's classic Theory of Plasma Waves. New topics include quasi-linear theory, inhomogeneous plasmas, collisions, absolute and convective instability, and mode conversion. Valuable for graduates and advanced undergraduates and an indispensable reference work for researchers in plasmas, controlled fusion, and space science.

Computational Approaches to Novel Condensed Matter Systems

Computational Approaches to Novel Condensed Matter Systems Book
Author : M.P. Das,D. Neilson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1475797915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the lectures given at the Third Gordon Godfrey International Workshop on Computational Approaches to Novel Condensed Matter Systems which was held at The University of New South Wales July 12-17, 1993. Lecturers from Asia, Australia, Europe and North America gave a total of twenty-nine lectures which were spread over the five days. Unfortunately we were not able to include in this volume the lectures of S. Das Sarma from the University of Maryland on "Non-Equilibrium Growth as a Self-Organised Phenomenon" due to constraints of time. The workshops have been held annually since 1991 in Sydney, each covering a novel research area in condensed matter physics that is of topical interest. Australia has a strong tradition of research in condensed matter physics. The workshops are jointly organised by the School of Physics at the University of New South Wales (Sydney) and the Department of Theoretical Physics, Research School of Physical Sciences and Engineering at the Australian National University (Canberra). The late Gordon God frey was an Associate Professor of Physics at the University of New South Wales. He bequeathed his estate for the promotion and teaching of theoretical physics within the university. The primary purpose of each workshop is to expose post-graduate students in physics to both informal interaction and formal lectures from recognised international leaders in topical research areas. Past experience has demonstrated again and again that to be informed about a new field there is no substitute for personal contact and interaction.

Computational Approaches in Condensed Matter Physics

Computational Approaches in Condensed Matter Physics Book
Author : Seiji Miyashita,Masatoshi Imada,Hajime Takayama
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642848214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interacting many-body systems are the main subjects of research in theoretical condensed matter physics, and they are the source of both the interest and the difficulty in this field. In order to understand the macroscopic properties of matter in terms of macroscopic knowledge, many analytic and approximate methods have been introduced. The contributions to this proceedings volume focus on the most recent developments of computational approaches in condensed matter physics. Monte Carlo methods and molecular dynamics simulations applied to strongly correlated classical and quantum systems such as electron systems, quantum spin systems, spin glassss, coupled map systems, polymers and other random and comlex systems are reviewed. Comprising easy to follow introductions to each field covered and also more specialized contributions,this proceedings volume explains why computational approaches are necessary and how different fields are related to each other.

Experimental and Computational Techniques in Soft Condensed Matter Physics

Experimental and Computational Techniques in Soft Condensed Matter Physics Book
Author : Jeffrey Olafsen
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-09-02
ISBN : 113948981X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soft condensed matter physics relies on a fundamental understanding at the interface between physics, chemistry, biology, and engineering for a host of materials and circumstances that are related to, but outside, the traditional definition of condensed matter physics. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field, this book uniquely discusses both the contemporary experimental and computational manifestations of soft condensed matter systems. From particle tracking and image analysis, novel materials and computational methods, to confocal microscopy and bacterial assays, this book will equip the reader for collaborative and interdisciplinary research efforts relating to a range of modern problems in nonlinear and non-equilibrium systems. It will enable both graduate students and experienced researchers to supplement a more traditional understanding of thermodynamics and statistical systems with knowledge of the techniques used in contemporary investigations. Color versions of a selection of the figures are available at www.cambridge.org/9780521115902.

Introduction to Topological Quantum Matter Quantum Computation

Introduction to Topological Quantum Matter   Quantum Computation Book
Author : Tudor D. Stanescu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 1482245949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What is "topological" about topological quantum states? How many types of topological quantum phases are there? What is a zero-energy Majorana mode, how can it be realized in a solid state system, and how can it be used as a platform for topological quantum computation? What is quantum computation and what makes it different from classical computation? Addressing these and other related questions, Introduction to Topological Quantum Matter & Quantum Computation provides an introduction to and a synthesis of a fascinating and rapidly expanding research field emerging at the crossroads of condensed matter physics, mathematics, and computer science. Providing the big picture, this book is ideal for graduate students and researchers entering this field as it allows for the fruitful transfer of paradigms and ideas amongst different areas, and includes many specific examples to help the reader understand abstract and sometimes challenging concepts. It explores the topological quantum world beyond the well-known topological insulators and superconductors and emphasizes the deep connections with quantum computation. It addresses key principles behind the classification of topological quantum phases and relevant mathematical concepts and discusses models of interacting and noninteracting topological systems, such as the torric code and the p-wave superconductor. The book also covers the basic properties of anyons, and aspects concerning the realization of topological states in solid state structures and cold atom systems. Quantum computation is also presented using a broad perspective, which includes fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics, such as Bell's theorem, basic concepts in the theory of computation, such as computational models and computational complexity, examples of quantum algorithms, and elements of classical and quantum information theory.

Advances in the Multi scale Computational Design of Condensed Matter Interfaces

Advances in the Multi scale Computational Design of Condensed Matter Interfaces Book
Author : Heike Emmerich,Sibylle Gemming
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Advances in the Multi scale Computational Design of Condensed Matter Interfaces book written by Heike Emmerich,Sibylle Gemming, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Topological Phases of Matter and Quantum Computation

Topological Phases of Matter and Quantum Computation Book
Author : Paul Bruillard,Carlos Ortiz Marrero,Julia Plavnik
Publisher : American Mathematical Soc.
Release : 2020-03-31
ISBN : 1470440741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the proceedings of the AMS Special Session on Topological Phases of Matter and Quantum Computation, held from September 24–25, 2016, at Bowdoin College, Brunswick, Maine. Topological quantum computing has exploded in popularity in recent years. Sitting at the triple point between mathematics, physics, and computer science, it has the potential to revolutionize sub-disciplines in these fields. The academic importance of this field has been recognized in physics through the 2016 Nobel Prize. In mathematics, some of the 1990 Fields Medals were awarded for developments in topics that nowadays are fundamental tools for the study of topological quantum computation. Moreover, the practical importance of this discipline has been underscored by recent industry investments. The relative youth of this field combined with a high degree of interest in it makes now an excellent time to get involved. Furthermore, the cross-disciplinary nature of topological quantum computing provides an unprecedented number of opportunities for cross-pollination of mathematics, physics, and computer science. This can be seen in the variety of works contained in this volume. With articles coming from mathematics, physics, and computer science, this volume aims to provide a taste of different sub-disciplines for novices and a wealth of new perspectives for veteran researchers. Regardless of your point of entry into topological quantum computing or your experience level, this volume has something for you.

Data Matter Design

Data  Matter  Design Book
Author : Frank Melendez,Nancy Diniz,Marcella Del Signore
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-09-21
ISBN : 1000064417
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Data, Matter, Design presents a comprehensive overview of current design processes that rely on the input of data and use of computational design strategies, and their relationship to an array of outputs. Technological changes, through the use of computational tools and processes, have radically altered and influenced our relationship to cities and the methods by which we design architecture, urban, and landscape systems. This book presents a wide range of curated projects and contributed texts by leading architects, urbanists, and designers that transform data as an abstraction, into spatial, experiential, and performative configurations within urban ecologies, emerging materials, robotic agents, adaptive fields, and virtual constructs. Richly illustrated with over 200 images, Data, Matter, Design is an essential read for students, academics, and professionals to evaluate and discuss how data in design methodologies and theoretical discourses have evolved in the last two decades and why processes of data collection, measurement, quantification, simulation, algorithmic control, and their integration into methods of reading and producing spatial conditions, are becoming vital in academic and industry practices.

Understanding Soft Condensed Matter via Modeling and Computation

Understanding Soft Condensed Matter via Modeling and Computation Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-07-24
ISBN : 9814465593
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Understanding Soft Condensed Matter via Modeling and Computation book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Computational Physics as a New Frontier in Condensed Matter Research

Computational Physics as a New Frontier in Condensed Matter Research Book
Author : Hajime Takayama
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Computational Physics as a New Frontier in Condensed Matter Research book written by Hajime Takayama, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Atomic Molecular and Condensed Matter Theory and Computational Methods

Proceedings of the International Symposium on Atomic  Molecular  and Condensed Matter Theory and Computational Methods Book
Author : Per-Olov Löwdin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the International Symposium on Atomic Molecular and Condensed Matter Theory and Computational Methods book written by Per-Olov Löwdin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Electron Scattering in Solid Matter

Electron Scattering in Solid Matter Book
Author : Jan Zabloudil,Robert Hammerling,Lászlo Szunyogh,Peter Weinberger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-03-30
ISBN : 3540270019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Addressing graduate students and researchers, this book gives a very detailed theoretical and computational description of multiple scattering in solid matter. Particular emphasis is placed on solids with reduced dimensions, on full potential approaches and on relativistic treatments. For the first time approaches such as the screened Korringa-Kohn-Rostoker method are reviewed, considering all formal steps such as single-site scattering, structure constants and screening transformations, and also the numerical point of view. Furthermore, a very general approach is presented for solving the Poisson equation, needed within density functional theory in order to achieve self-consistency. Special chapters are devoted to the Coherent Potential Approximation and to the Embedded Cluster Method, used, for example, for describing nanostructured matter in real space. In a final chapter, physical properties related to the (single-particle) Green's function, such as magnetic anisotropies, interlayer exchange coupling, electric and magneto-optical transport and spin-waves, serve to illustrate the usefulness of the methods described.

Matters Computational

Matters Computational Book
Author : Jörg Arndt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-01
ISBN : 9783642147647
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides algorithms and ideas for computationalists. Subjects treated include low-level algorithms, bit wizardry, combinatorial generation, fast transforms like the Fourier transform, and fast arithmetic for both real numbers and finite fields. Various optimization techniques are described and the actual performance of many given implementations is examined. The focus is on material that does not usually appear in textbooks on algorithms. The implementations are done in C++ and the GP language, written for POSIX-compliant platforms such as the Linux and BSD operating systems.

Road to Digital Divine

Road to Digital Divine Book
Author : Hemant Gupta
Publisher : Xlibris Corporation
Release : 2010-12-20
ISBN : 9781453561713
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For most of us, our current perspective is deeply rooted in the eighteenth-century science of materialism. The new science of information and quantum computation is bringing a fresh perspective, a new understanding about the true nature of us and our universe. It has profound implications to the way us humans understand ourselves and our universe. Since this newer understanding rests on digital and informational nature of being and has divine-like qualities, I have referred to this as “digital divine.” A road to arrive at “digital divinity” has also been my journey to understand this new nature of us and our universe. From this perch, our universe appears like an informational entity rooted deeply in the nature of silence or zero. Broader laws of information seem to describe its nature and behaviors far better than the classical laws of physics. Our physical universe emerges as a computing platform engaged in grand act of quantum and binary information processing. How does one start from a macro view of our perceptual universe and arrive at the computational nature of matter and mind? How do cosmic, emotional, and rational mind arise from this foundation? How does this view impact the concept of my self that I hold deep with in my psyche? The informational and computational description of our universe provides a framework to naturally explain many such difficult questions. As one realizes that this grand informational and quantum computational entity or digital divine is not only rooted in logic, but it is also rooted in love, oneness, or unity consciousness, one embarks on a new understanding of us, our universe, and our divinity; an incredible bridge between science and spirituality. This is an amazing know-how. We can all benefit from this.

Symmetry and Condensed Matter Physics

Symmetry and Condensed Matter Physics Book
Author : M. El-Batanouny,F. Wooten
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2008-03-13
ISBN : 1139469517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unlike existing texts, this book blends for the first time three topics in physics - symmetry, condensed matter physics and computational methods - into one pedagogical textbook. It includes new concepts in mathematical crystallography; experimental methods capitalizing on symmetry aspects; non-conventional applications such as Fourier crystallography, color groups, quasicrystals and incommensurate systems; as well as concepts and techniques behind the Landau theory of phase transitions. Adopting a computational approach to the application of group theoretical techniques to solving symmetry related problems, it dramatically alleviates the need for intensive calculations usually found in the presentation of symmetry. Writing computer programs helps the student achieve a firm understanding of the underlying concepts, and sample programs, based on Mathematica, are presented throughout the book. Containing over 150 exercises, this textbook is ideal for graduate students in condensed matter physics, materials science, and chemistry. Solutions and computer programs are available online at www.cambridge.org/9780521828451.

Computational Solid State Physics

Computational Solid State Physics Book
Author : International Symposium on Computational Solid State Physics Wildbad i,International Symposium on Computational Solid State Physics,International Symposium on Computational Solid State Physics, Wildbad im Schwar Zwald, 1971
Publisher : Springer
Release : 1972
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past 20 years, solid state physics has become one of the major branches of physics. 1-2 Today over one-third of all scientific articles published in physics deal with solid state 3 topics. During the last two decades, there has also been ra~id growth of scientific computation in a wide variety of fields. -5 The combination of solid state physics and comp~tation may be termed computational solid state physics. This emerging field is distin guished from theoretical solid state physics only to the extent that electronic computers rather than slide rules or backs of envelopes are used to solve numerical or logical problems, test scientific hypotheses, and discover the essential physical content of formal mathematical theories. Papers in computational solid state physics are widely scatter ed in the literature. They can be found in the traditional physics journals and review series, such as The Physical Review and Solid State Physics; in more specialized publications, such as Journal of Computational Physics, Computer Physics Communications, and Methods in Computational Physics; and in the proceedings of a number of re 6 9 cent conferences and seminar courses. - Plans for holding an International Symposium on Computational Solid State Physics in early October 1971 were formulated by Dr.

Thinking in Complexity

Thinking in Complexity Book
Author : Klaus Mainzer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-09-07
ISBN : 3540722289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new edition also treats smart materials and artificial life. A new chapter on information and computational dynamics takes up many recent discussions in the community.