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Computational Logic

Computational Logic Book
Author : North Atlantic Treaty Organization. Scientific Affairs Division
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1999-04-14
ISBN : 9783540645894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute on Computational Logic, held in Marktoberdorf, Germany, July 29 - August 10, 1997

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book
Author : Nils Bulling,Leendert van der Torre,Serena Villata,Wojtek Jamroga,Wamberto Vasconcelos
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-21
ISBN : 3319097644
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Computational Logic in Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA XV, held in Prague, Czech Republic, in August 2014. The 12 regular papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 20 submissions. The purpose of the CLIMA workshops is to provide a forum for discussing techniques, based on computational logic, for representing, programming and reasoning about agents and multi-agent systems in a formal way. This edition will feature two special sessions: logics for agreement technologies and logics for games, strategic reasoning, and social choice.

Program Development in Computational Logic

Program Development in Computational Logic Book
Author : Maurice Bruynooghe,Kung-Kiu Lau
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2004-06-23
ISBN : 3540259511
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1 The tenth anniversary of the LOPSTR symposium provided the incentive for this volume. LOPSTR started in 1991 as a workshop on logic program synthesis and transformation, but later it broadened its scope to logic-based program development in general, that is, program development in computational logic, and hence the title of this volume. The motivating force behind LOPSTR has been the belief that declarative paradigms such as logic programming are better suited to program development tasks than traditional non-declarative ones such as the imperative paradigm. Speci?cation, synthesis, transformation or specialization, analysis, debugging and veri?cation can all be given logical foundations, thus providing a unifying framework for the whole development process. In the past 10 years or so, such a theoretical framework has indeed begun to emerge. Even tools have been implemented for analysis, veri?cation and speci- ization. However,itisfairtosaythatsofarthefocushaslargelybeenonprogrammi- in-the-small. So the future challenge is to apply or extend these techniques to programming-in-the-large, in order to tackle software engineering in the real world. Returning to this volume, our aim is to present a collection of papers that re?ect signi?cant research e?orts over the past 10 years. These papers cover the wholedevelopmentprocess:speci?cation,synthesis,analysis,transformationand specialization, as well as semantics and systems.

A Computational Logic

A Computational Logic Book
Author : Robert S. Boyer,J Strother Moore
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-06-25
ISBN : 1483277887
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

ACM Monograph Series: A Computational Logic focuses on the use of induction in proving theorems, including the use of lemmas and axioms, free variables, equalities, and generalization. The publication first elaborates on a sketch of the theory and two simple examples, a precise definition of the theory, and correctness of a tautology-checker. Topics include mechanical proofs, informal development, formal specification of the problem, well-founded relations, natural numbers, and literal atoms. The book then examines the use of type information to simplify formulas, use of axioms and lemmas as rewrite rules, and the use of definitions. Topics include nonrecursive functions, computing values, free variables in hypothesis, infinite backwards chaining, infinite looping, computing type sets, and type prescriptions. The manuscript takes a look at rewriting terms and simplifying clauses, eliminating destructors and irrelevance, using equalities, and generalization. Concerns include reasons for eliminating isolated hypotheses, precise statement of the generalization heuristic, restricting generalizations, precise use of equalities, and multiple destructors and infinite looping. The publication is a vital source of data for researchers interested in computational logic.

Intellectics and Computational Logic

Intellectics and Computational Logic Book
Author : Steffen Hölldobler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-18
ISBN : 9401593833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

`Intellectics' seeks to understand the functions, structure and operation of the human intellect and to test artificial systems to see the extent to which they can substitute or complement such functions. The word itself was introduced in the early 1980s by Wolfgang Bibel to describe the united fields of artificial intelligence and cognitive science. The book collects papers by distinguished researchers, colleagues and former students of Bibel's, all of whom have worked together with him, and who present their work to him here to mark his 60th birthday. The papers discuss significant issues in intellectics and computational logic, ranging across automated deduction, logic programming, the logic-based approach to intellectics, cognitive robotics, knowledge representation and reasoning. Each paper contains new, previously unpublished, reviewed results. The collection is a state of the art account of the current capabilities and limitations of a computational-logic-based approach to intellectics. Readership: Researchers who are convinced that the intelligent behaviour of machines should be based on a rigid formal treatment of knowledge representation and reasoning.

Computational Logic Logic Programming and Beyond

Computational Logic  Logic Programming and Beyond Book
Author : A.C. Kakas,F. Sadri
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2003-08-02
ISBN : 3540456287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Alan Robinson This set of essays pays tribute to Bob Kowalski on his 60th birthday, an anniversary which gives his friends and colleagues an excuse to celebrate his career as an original thinker, a charismatic communicator, and a forceful intellectual leader. The logic programming community hereby and herein conveys its respect and thanks to him for his pivotal role in creating and fostering the conceptual paradigm which is its raison d’Œtre. The diversity of interests covered here reflects the variety of Bob’s concerns. Read on. It is an intellectual feast. Before you begin, permit me to send him a brief personal, but public, message: Bob, how right you were, and how wrong I was. I should explain. When Bob arrived in Edinburgh in 1967 resolution was as yet fairly new, having taken several years to become at all widely known. Research groups to investigate various aspects of resolution sprang up at several institutions, the one organized by Bernard Meltzer at Edinburgh University being among the first. For the half-dozen years that Bob was a leading member of Bernard’s group, I was a frequent visitor to it, and I saw a lot of him. We had many discussions about logic, computation, and language.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book
Author : Francesca Toni,Paolo Torroni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2006-04-12
ISBN : 3540339973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the strictly refereed post-proceedings of the 6th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA VI. The book presents 14 revised full technical papers, 4 contest papers, and 7 invited papers together with 1 invited article are organized in topical sections on foundational aspects of agency, agent programming, agent interaction and normative systems, the first CLIMA contest, and on the project report of the SOCS project.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book
Author : João Leite,Paolo Torroni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2005-08-25
ISBN : 3540318577
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The notion of agency has recently increased its in?uence in the research and - velopment of computational logic based systems, while at the same time sign- cantly gaining from decades of research in computational logic. Computational logic provides a well-de?ned, general, and rigorous framework for studying s- tax, semantics and procedures, for implementations, environments, tools, and standards, facilitating the ever important link between speci?cation and ver- cation of computational systems. The purpose of the Computational Logic in Multi-agent Systems (CLIMA) international workshop series is to discuss techniques, based on computational logic, for representing, programming, and reasoning about multi-agent systems in a formal way. Former CLIMA editions were conducted in conjunction with other major computational logic and AI events such as CL in July 2000, ICLP in December 2001, FLoC in August 2002, and LPNMR and AI-Math in January 2004. The ?fth edition of CLIMA was held Lisbon, Portugal, in September 29–30, 2004.We,asorganizers,andinagreementwiththeCLIMASteeringCommittee, opted for co-location with the 9th European Conference on Logics in Arti?cial Intelligence (JELIA 2004), wishing to promote the CLIMA research topics in the broader community of logics in AI, a community whose growing interest in multi-agent issues has been demonstrated by the large number of agent-related papers submitted to recent editions of JELIA. The workshop received 35 submissions – a sensible increase from the previous edition.Thesubmittedpapersshowedthatthelogicalfoundationsofmulti-agent systems are felt by a large community to be a very important research topic, upon which classical AI and agent-related issues are to be addressed.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book
Author : Jürgen Dix,João Leite
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-12-03
ISBN : 3540240101
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the strictly refereed post-proceedings of the 4th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA IV, held in Fort Lauderdale, Fl, USA in January 2004. The 11 revised full papers presented together with 2 invited papers were carefully selected during two rounds of reviewing and improvement. The papers are devoted to techniques from computational logic for representing, programming, and reasoning about multi-agent systems. The papers are organized in topical sections on negotiation in MAS, planning in MAS, knowledge revision and update in MAS, and learning in BDI MAS.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book
Author : Katsumi Inoue,Ken Satoh,Francesca Toni
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2007-05-16
ISBN : 3540696199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Computational Logic for Multi-Agent Systems, CLIMA VII, held in Hakodate, Japan, in May 2006. It was an associated event of AAMAS 2006, the main international conference on autonomous agents and multi-agent systems. The series of workshops presents current work on application of general and declarative theories.

Computational Logic and Set Theory

Computational Logic and Set Theory Book
Author : Jacob T. Schwartz,Domenico Cantone,Eugenio G. Omodeo
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-07-16
ISBN : 9780857298089
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This must-read text presents the pioneering work of the late Professor Jacob (Jack) T. Schwartz on computational logic and set theory and its application to proof verification techniques, culminating in the ÆtnaNova system, a prototype computer program designed to verify the correctness of mathematical proofs presented in the language of set theory. Topics and features: describes in depth how a specific first-order theory can be exploited to model and carry out reasoning in branches of computer science and mathematics; presents an unique system for automated proof verification in large-scale software systems; integrates important proof-engineering issues, reflecting the goals of large-scale verifiers; includes an appendix showing formalized proofs of ordinals, of various properties of the transitive closure operation, of finite and transfinite induction principles, and of Zorn’s lemma.

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems

Computational Logic in Multi Agent Systems Book
Author : Michael Fisher,Fariba Sadri,Michael Thielscher
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2009-08-02
ISBN : 3642027342
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multi-Agent Systems are communities of problem-solving entities that can exhibit varying degrees of intelligence. They can perceive and react to their environment, they can have individual or joint goals, for which they can plan and execute actions. Work on such systems integrates many technologies and concepts in artificial intelligence and other areas of computing as well as other disciplines. The agent paradigm has become very popular and widely used in recent years, due to its applicability to a large range of domains, from search engines to educational aids, to electronic commerce and trade, e-procurement, recommendation systems, and ambient intelligence, to cite only some. Computational logic provides a well-defined, general, and rigorous framework for studying syntax, semantics and procedures for various capabilities and functionalities of individual agents, as well as interaction amongst agents in multi-agent systems. It also provides a well-defined and rigorous framework for implementations, envir- ments, tools, and standards, and for linking together specification and verification of properties of individual agents and multi-agent systems.

Constraints in Computational Logics

Constraints in Computational Logics Book
Author : Jean-Pierre Jouannaud
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1994-08-24
ISBN : 9783540584032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume constitutes the proceedings of the First International Conference on Constraints in Computational Logics, CCL '94, held in Munich, Germany in September 1994. Besides abstracts or full papers of the 5 invited talks by senior researchers, the book contains revised versions of the 21 accepted research papers selected from a total of 52 submissions. The volume assembles high quality original papers covering major theoretical and practical issues of combining and extending programming paradigms, preferably by using constraints. The topics covered include symbolic constraints, set constraints, numerical constraints, multi-paradigm programming, combined calculi, constraints in rewriting, deduction, symbolic computations, and working systems.

Logical Approaches to Computational Barriers

Logical Approaches to Computational Barriers Book
Author : Arnold Beckmann,Ulrich Berger,Benedikt Lwe,John V. Tucker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-06-26
ISBN : 3540354662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computability in Europe, CiE 2006, held in Swansea, UK, June/July 2006. The book presents 31 revised full papers together with 30 invited papers, including papers corresponding to 8 plenary talks and 6 special sessions on proofs and computation, computable analysis, challenges in complexity, foundations of programming, mathematical models of computers and hypercomputers, and Gödel centenary: Gödel's legacy for computability.

Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics

Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics Book
Author : Christian Retore
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1997-10-15
ISBN : 9783540637004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the strictly refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Conference on Logical Aspects of Computational Linguistics, LACL '96, held in Nancy, France in April 1996. The volume presents 18 revised full papers carefully selected and reviewed for inclusion in the book together with four invited contributions by leading authorities and an introductory survey with a detailed bibliography. The papers cover all relevant logical aspects of computational linguistics like logical inference, grammars, logical semantics, natural language processing, formal proofs, logic programming, type theory, etc.

Lectures on Logic and Computation

Lectures on Logic and Computation Book
Author : Nick Bezhanishvili,Valentin Goranko
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2012-06-23
ISBN : 3642314856
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI) is organized every year by the Association for Logic, Language and Information (FoLLI) in different sites around Europe. The main focus of ESSLLI is on the interface between linguistics, logic and computation. ESSLLI offers foundational, introductory and advanced courses, as well as workshops, covering a wide variety of topics within the three areas of interest: Language and Computation, Language and Logic, and Logic and Computation. During two weeks, around 50 courses and 10 workshops are offered to the attendants, each of 1.5 hours per day during a five days week, with up to seven parallel sessions. ESSLLI also includes a student session (papers and posters by students only, 1.5 hour per day during the two weeks) and four evening lectures by senior scientists in the covered areas. The 6 course notes were carefully reviewed and selected. The papers are organized in topical sections on computational complexity, multi-agant systems, natural language processing, strategies in games and formal semantics.

Logical and Computational Aspects of Model Based Reasoning

Logical and Computational Aspects of Model Based Reasoning Book
Author : L. Magnani,N.J. Nersessian,Claudio Pizzi
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401005508
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Information technology has been, in recent years, under increasing commercial pressure to provide devices and systems which help/ replace the human in his daily activity. This pressure requires the use of logic as the underlying foundational workhorse of the area. New logics were developed as the need arose and new foci and balance has evolved within logic itself. One aspect of these new trends in logic is the rising impor tance of model based reasoning. Logics have become more and more tailored to applications and their reasoning has become more and more application dependent. In fact, some years ago, I myself coined the phrase "direct deductive reasoning in application areas", advocating the methodology of model-based reasoning in the strongest possible terms. Certainly my discipline of Labelled Deductive Systems allows to bring "pieces" of the application areas as "labels" into the logic. I therefore heartily welcome this important book to Volume 25 of the Applied Logic Series and see it as an important contribution in our overall coverage of applied logic.

Logic Algebra and Computation

Logic  Algebra  and Computation Book
Author : Friedrich L. Bauer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642767990
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Marktoberdorf Summer Schools on Informatics were started in 1970, with the intention to convene every second or third year a group of top researchers in computing, devoted to preach their most recent results to an elite of advanced students - young and most promising people - and prepared to stand their questions, criticism and suggestions. The themes of these Advanced Study In stitutes under the sponsorship of the NATO Scientific Affairs Division varied slightly over the years, oscillating more or less around Programming Methodo logy, as the following list shows: 1970 Data Structures and Computer Systems 1971 Program Structures and Fundamental Concepts of Programming 1973 Structured Programming and Programmed Structures 1975 Language Hierarchies and Interfaces 1978 Program Construction 1981 Theoretical Foundations of Programming Methodology 1984 Control Flow and Data Flow: Concepts of Distributed Programming 1986 Logic of Programming and Calculi of Discrete Design 1988 Constructive Methods in Computing Science 1989 Logic, Algebra, and Computation Logic, Algebra, and Computation is the theme of the summer school to which this volume is devoted. It is the tenth in succession, but it is also the first in a new series (the "blue" series) that is intended to alternate in future with the traditional (the "red" series) arrangement; in fact the tenth summer school in the "red" series with the title "Programming and Mathematical Method" , held in 1990, was the subject of celebrating both its serial number and the twenty years of Marktoberdorf Summer Schools altogether.

Computation Logic Philosophy

Computation  Logic  Philosophy Book
Author : Wang Hao
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400923562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

~Et moi ... si j'avait su comment en revenir, One service mathematics has rendered the je n'y serais point alle.' human race. It has put common sense back Jules Verne where it belongs, on the topmost shelf next to the dusty canister labelled 'discarded non· The series is divergent; therefore we may be sense'. Eric T. Bell able to do something with it. O. Heaviside Mathematics is a tool for thought. A highly necessary tool in a world where both feedback and non linearities abound. Similarly, all kinds of parts of mathematics serve as tools for other parts and for other sciences. Applying a simple rewriting rule to the quote on the right above one finds such statements as: 'One service topology has rendered mathematical physics .. .'; 'One service logic has rendered com puter science .. .'; 'One service category theory has rendered mathematics .. .'. All arguably true. And all statements obtainable this way form part of the raison d'etre of this series.

Logic Computation Hierarchies

Logic  Computation  Hierarchies Book
Author : Vasco Brattka,Hannes Diener,Dieter Spreen
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2014-09-04
ISBN : 1614518041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published in honor of Victor L. Selivanov, the 17 articles collected in this volume inform on the latest developments in computability theory and its applications in computable analysis; descriptive set theory and topology; and the theory of omega-languages; as well as non-classical logics, such as temporal logic and paraconsistent logic. This volume will be of interest to mathematicians and logicians, as well as theoretical computer scientists.