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Compost Science And Technology

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Compost Science and Technology

Compost Science and Technology Book
Author : L.F. Diaz,M. de Bertoldi,W. Bidlingmaier
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-07-29
ISBN : 9780080545981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composting is a widely used biological process for the management of some wastes produced in communities and agricultural activities, which have experienced substantial growth during the last few years. Because this and the knowledge of composting has increased, the number of composting facilities has increased tremendously, especially in some European countries. Interest has also increased in several countries in other regions of the world. Compost Science and Technology attempts to summarize some of the most important work conducted during the last few years under one cover. The contributions to the publication are made by some of the most qualified professionals in the world and present the information in a clear and objective manner. The readers will find the information very useful and will be helpful in the design of new facilities and organic recycling programs. The manager or interested member of the community does not have to have a rigorous training in science or technology. Up-to-date contributions by some of the most knowledgeable and respected leaders in the field Clear and objective presentations, which are arranged in such a way that it is not necessary to read the entire book Information is supported by data, tables and references Covers most important aspects of the process including a brief historical review May be used by teachers as well as practicioners in the field

The Science of Composting

The Science of Composting Book
Author : Eliot Epstein
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-22
ISBN : 1351409123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

FROM THE PREFACE The main objective of composting is to transform organic materials into a stable usable product. Often organic materials which may have limited beneficial use in their raw state or have regulatory disposal constraints can be transformed by composting into marketable products. The limits on beneficial reuse may be regulations or they may be due to the potential for materials to be putrescible or pathogenic. Composting can be a solution for each of these. The implementation of composting on a large scale (in contrast to home or backyard composting) involves materials handling. Technological implementation of composting must be consistent with the biological demand of the system. If the biological system is violated, conditions will not be optimized for composting, and problems such as odor generation, insufficient aeration or moisture, or a combination of these conditions may result. Past problems and closure of facilities have been largely due to violations of the biological systems. Product quality with respect to particle size, inclusions, moisture content and other physical aspects are a function of engineering design. A well designed system must have the biological and engineering principles in harmony at all times.

Recyclable Materials Science and Technology Development Act of 1989

Recyclable Materials Science and Technology Development Act of 1989 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Recyclable Materials Science and Technology Development Act of 1989 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Agriculture. Subcommittee on Department Operations, Research, and Foreign Agriculture, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Compost Science

Compost Science Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1977
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Compost Science book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Byproducts from Agriculture and Fisheries

Byproducts from Agriculture and Fisheries Book
Author : Benjamin K. Simpson,Alberta N. Aryee,Fidel Toldrá
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-04
ISBN : 1119383978
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ranging from biofuels to building materials, and from cosmetics to pharmaceuticals, the list of products that may be manufactured using discards from farming and fishery operations is extensive. Byproducts from Agriculture and Fisheries examines the procedures and technologies involved in this process of reconstitution, taking an environmentally aware approach as it explores the developing role of value-added byproducts in the spheres of food security, waste management, and climate control. An international group of authors contributes engaging and insightful chapters on a wide selection of animal and plant byproducts, discussing the practical business of byproduct recovery within the vital contexts of shifting socio-economic concerns and the emergence of green chemistry. This important text: Covers recent developments, current research, and emerging technologies in the fields of byproduct recovery and utilization Explores potential opportunities for future research and the prospective socioeconomic benefits of green waste management Includes detailed descriptions of procedures for the transformation of the wastes into of value-added food and non-food products With its combination of practical instruction and broader commentary, Byproducts from Agriculture and Fisheries offers essential insight and expertise to all students and professionals working in agriculture, environmental science, food science, and any other field concerned with sustainable resources.

Composting of Municipal Solid Waste Fractions

Composting of Municipal Solid Waste Fractions Book
Author : Wellington Applied Sciences,Procter & Gamble Company,University of Guelph. School of Engineering
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Composting of Municipal Solid Waste Fractions book written by Wellington Applied Sciences,Procter & Gamble Company,University of Guelph. School of Engineering, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Biological Processing of Solid Waste

Biological Processing of Solid Waste Book
Author : Sunil Kumar,Zengqiang Zhang,Mukesh Kumar Awasthi,Ronghua Li
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-02-13
ISBN : 1351589075
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering a comprehensive approach, this title covers fundamentals, technologies, and management of biological processing of solid waste. It discusses kinetic modeling and synergistic impact evolution during bioprocessing of solid waste, environmental impacts such as greenhouse gas emission from biological processing of solid waste, energy recovery from solid waste, and biodrying of solid waste. It also presents cases and challenges from different countries, successful business models, and economic analyses of various processing options. Aimed at researchers and industry professionals in solid and hazardous waste management, this title offers a wealth of knowledge to help readers understand this increasingly important area.

Biochar for Environmental Management

Biochar for Environmental Management Book
Author : Johannes Lehmann,Stephen Joseph
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-16
ISBN : 1136571205
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biochar is the carbon-rich product when biomass (such as wood, manure or crop residues) is heated in a closed container with little or no available air. It can be used to improve agriculture and the environment in several ways, and its stability in soil and superior nutrient-retention properties make it an ideal soil amendment to increase crop yields. In addition to this, biochar sequestration, in combination with sustainable biomass production, can be carbon-negative and therefore used to actively remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, with major implications for mitigation of climate change. Biochar production can also be combined with bioenergy production through the use of the gases that are given off in the pyrolysis process. This book is the first to synthesize the expanding research literature on this topic. The book's interdisciplinary approach, which covers engineering, environmental sciences, agricultural sciences, economics and policy, is a vital tool at this stage of biochar technology development. This comprehensive overview of current knowledge will be of interest to advanced students, researchers and professionals in a wide range of disciplines.

Organic Waste Composting through Nexus Thinking

Organic Waste Composting through Nexus Thinking Book
Author : Hiroshan Hettiarachchi,Serena Caucci,Kai Schwärzel
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-23
ISBN : 3030362833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic waste composting is another excellent example to demonstrate the power and the benefits of nexus thinking. Even though organic waste composting itself is not a new topic, those who want to start a new project or align an ongoing project with nexus thinking, find it difficult to gather the necessary information. With nine case studies from four continents, this book aims to fill above gap in literature. While current literature on composting is often found to be limited to either soil/agriculture sector or waste management sector, this book presents a combined point of view. This open access book starts with an introductory chapter that describes the need to bring the waste management aspects and soil nutrient management aspects of compost production into one integrated theme. The relevance of nexus thinking and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are also presented in this introduction. The first three chapters after the introduction covers composting from the solid waste management and its policy aspects, taking examples from three developing countries. The next three examples are mostly about the benefits composting can provide to the soil and agriculture. These examples are also from three developing countries, but with a mixture of urban as well as rural settings. Last three chapters present more insight into the latest developments taking examples from Europe, as well as new methods adapted from the traditional styles from Africa.

Sewage

Sewage Book
Author : Ivan Zhu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2018-07-25
ISBN : 178923476X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wastewater treatment and sludge disposal are important for protecting receiving rivers, lakes, and other water bodies, and vital for human health. Since excessive discharge may cause eutrophication and deterioration of aquatic systems, the US EPA and other national agencies have set guidelines for wastewater discharge standards. Conventional technologies are well developed and widely applied worldwide for wastewater treatment; however, new ideas and new technologies are gaining additional interest for the sake of water and energy reuse. While water is essential in arid regions, wastewater reuse and recycling have been playing an important role in human life. Although there are no universal standards for industrial and agriculture reuse, balancing wastewater treatment and public health protection presents challenges and opportunities.

The Composting Handbook

The Composting Handbook Book
Author : Robert Rynk,Ginny Black,Jane Gilbert,Johannes Biala,Jean Bonhotal,Mary Schwarz,Leslie Cooperband
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-12-03
ISBN : 0323856039
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Composting Handbook provides a single guide to the science, principles and best practices of composting for large-scale composting operations facing a variety of opportunities and challenges converting raw organic materials into a useful and marketable product. Composting is a well-established and increasingly important method to recycle and add value to organic by-products. Many, if not most, of the materials composting treats are discarded materials that would otherwise place a burden on communities, industries, farms and the environment. Composting converts these materials into a valuable material, compost, that regenerates soils improving soils for plant growth and environmental conservation. The Composting Handbook expands on previously available resources by incorporating new information, new subjects and new practices, drawing its content from current scientific principles, research, engineering and industry experience. In both depth and breadth, it covers the knowledge that a compost producer needs to succeed. Topics include the composting process, methods of composting, equipment, site requirements, environmental issues and impacts, business knowledge, safety, and the qualities, uses and markets for the compost products. The Composting Handbook is an invaluable reference for composting facility managers and operators, prospective managers and operators, regulators, policy makers, environmental advocates, educators, waste generators and managers and generally people interested in composting as a business or a solution. It is also appropriate as a textbook for college courses and a supplemental text for training courses about composting or organic waste management. Created in conjunction with the Compost Research and Education Foundation (CREF) Includes the latest information on composting and compost, providing the first comprehensive resource in decades Written with focus on both academic and industrial insights and advances

Solid Waste Engineering and Management

Solid Waste Engineering and Management Book
Author : Lawrence K. Wang,Mu-Hao Sung Wang,Yung-Tse Hung
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-01-01
ISBN : 3030841804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the first volume in a three-volume set on Solid Waste Engineering and Management. It provides an introduction to the topic, and focuses on legislation, transportation, transfer station, characterization, mechanical volume reduction, measurement, combustion, incineration, composting, landfilling, and systems planning as it pertains to solid waste management. The three volumes comprehensively discuss various contemporary issues associated with solid waste pollution management, impacts on the environment and vulnerable human populations, and solutions to these problems.

Applied Bioremediation

Applied Bioremediation Book
Author : Yogesh Patil,Prakash Rao
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2013-10-02
ISBN : 9535112007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bioremediation technologies are gaining immense credibility in the field of waste management because of their eco-compatibility nature. Biomass can interact and confront with water and soil pollutants in both active (live) as well as passive (dead) way, thereby offering numerous opportunities of exploring them for environmental clean-up. In 21st century, wastes are no longer a waste but are recognized as a valuable Resource. Employing novel and integrated strategies for the development of modern bioremediation processes is desperate need of the hour. This edited book on Applied Bioremediation - Active and Passive Approaches contains mix of interesting chapters that will certainly add to the advancement of knowledge and will provide the required valuable resource and stimulus to the researchers worldwide.

Microorganisms for Green Revolution

Microorganisms for Green Revolution Book
Author : Deepak G. Panpatte,Yogeshvari K. Jhala,Harsha N. Shelat,Rajababu V. Vyas
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-24
ISBN : 9811071462
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores basic and applied aspects of microorganisms, which have a unique ability to cope with abiotic stresses such as drought, salinity and changing climate, as well as biodegrader microorganisms and their functional roles. Further, readers will find detailed information on all aspects that are required to make a microbe “agriculturally beneficial.” The book’s primary focus is on microbes that are essentially “hidden miniature packages of nature” that influence agro-ecosystems. Inviting papers by prominent national and international scientists working in the field of agricultural microbiology, it addresses the biogdegrader group of microbial inoculants. Each chapter covers the respective mechanism of action and recent advances in agricultural microbiology. In addition, the book especially highlights innovations involving agriculturally beneficial microorganisms, including strategies for coping with a changing climate, and methods for developing microbial inoculants and promoting climate-smart agriculture. The information presented here is based on the authors’ extensive experience in the subject area, gathered in the course of their careers in the field of agricultural microbiology. The book offers a valuable resource for all readers who are actively involved in research on agriculturally beneficial microorganisms. In addition, it will help prepare readers for the future challenges that climate change will pose for agriculture and will help to bridge the current gaps between different scientific communities.

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering

Current Developments in Biotechnology and Bioengineering Book
Author : Ashok Pandey,Mukesh Kumar Awasthi,Zengqiang Zhang
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-09-16
ISBN : 0323985041
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composting and vermicomposting are widely used biological processes for the management of the wastes produced by the communities and agricultural activities, which have experienced substantial growth during the last few years. Advances in Composting and Vermicomposting Technology summarizes the most important work conducted during the last few years under one cover. The book includes conventional and recent advancements in composting and vermicompostimg technologies, information regarding mitigation of greenhouse gases emission and resistant genes, and finally recovery of "Value-Added Materials" in the composting sectors. Furthermore it includes models and available upgradation, global case studies, opportunities and challenges (technical constraints, Institutional constraints and social constraints) associated with the composting technology advancement and finally, application of LCA and considerations in economic evaluation of composting technologies and other organic waste treatment strategies. First book on the use of composting technology for process development within organic waste recycling and management Critically discusses development of industrial composting processes and market demand of compost as cleaner products Includes industrial application of cleaner composting technology towards valorization of high value of compost Provides recent knowledge on research and applications by integration of sustainable cleaner composting technologies

Biology of Composts

Biology of Composts Book
Author : Mukesh K. Meghvansi,Ajit Varma
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-09
ISBN : 3030391736
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the latest findings on fundamental aspects of composting, the interaction of various microorganisms, and the underlying mechanisms. In addition to addressing modern tools and techniques used for composting research, it provides an overview of potential composting applications in both agriculture and environmental reclamation. Composting is the process of organic waste decomposition, mediated by microorganisms. The end-product is called ‘compost’ and can be used as a supplement to improve soil fertility. As the municipal waste generated in most developing countries contains a substantial amount of organic matter suitable for composting, this technology offers a win-win opportunity for stakeholders in terms of disposing of organic waste and providing organic fertilizers for agriculture. In addition, using compost reduces the dependency on harmful chemical fertilizers, and represents a sustainable and environmentally friendly alternative.

Compost Utilization In Horticultural Cropping Systems

Compost Utilization In Horticultural Cropping Systems Book
Author : Peter J. Stoffella,Brian A. Kahn
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-01-31
ISBN : 9781420026221
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the increased interest in and demands for compost from commercial horticultural industries, composting is on the verge of becoming an economically feasible option for waste management. While horticultural producers can create some of the compost to meet their own needs, demand has grown beyond what they can supply for themselves and others. Compost Utilization in Horticultural Cropping Systems gives you the tools to meet the needs of this growing industry. Consider these statistics: Americans generate about 200 million megagrams of municipal solid waste per year The agricultural market for compost could reach over 680 million m3 per year Two horticultural areas together account for over 50% of compost use: landscaping (31%) and food crop production (25%) Now consider this: Proven benefits of compost use, including plant disease suppression, better moisture retention, supplying plant nutrients, and building soil organic matter Increased pressure on peat supplies and wider availability of compost products Creation of composting enterprises by the horticultural industry in response to its own needs, rising disposal fees for organic waste, and consumer demand for compost at retail centers The first book to establish a composite of the existing scientific knowledge on the use of compost in commercial horticultural enterprises, Compost Utilization in Horticultural Cropping Systems gives you a comprehensive review of the production, use, and economics of compost. It covers production methods, compost quality and the parameters associated with its measurement, and the biological, chemical, and physical processes that occur during composting. Rather than searching for information in various places, now you can find all the information you need in one convenient source.

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities

Understanding Terrestrial Microbial Communities Book
Author : Christon J. Hurst
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-03-27
ISBN : 3030107779
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a summary of terrestrial microbial processes, which are a key factor in supporting healthy life on our planet. The authors explain how microorganisms maintain the soil ecosystem through recycling carbon and nitrogen and then provide insights into how soil microbiology processes integrate into ecosystem science, helping to achieve successful bioremediation as well as safe and effective operation of landfills, and enabling the design of composting processes that reduce the amount of waste that is placed in landfills. The book also explores the effect of human land use, including restoration on soil microbial communities and the response of wetland microbial communities to anthropogenic pollutants. Lastly it discusses the role of fungi in causing damaging, and often lethal, infectious diseases in plants and animals.

Carrion Ecology Evolution and Their Applications

Carrion Ecology  Evolution  and Their Applications Book
Author : M. Eric Benbow,Jeffery K. Tomberlin,Aaron M. Tarone
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-08-18
ISBN : 1466575476
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Shortlisted for the 2018 TWS Wildlife Publication Awards in the edited book category Decomposition and recycling of vertebrate remains have been understudied, hampered largely due to these processes being aesthetically challenging (e.g., smell and sight). Technological innovations have provided the means to explore new and historically understood natural systems to give us a plethora of new information. Carrion Ecology, Evolution, and Their Applications covers a broad spectrum of topics including the molecular mechanistic foundations that provide the basis for intra- and interspecific interactions related to population biology, community ecology, and how this manifests into habitat- and ecosystem-level importance. The book connects the science of carrion decomposition from genes to ecosystems in multidisciplinary synthesis of the science. This book brings together a team of global experts involved with measuring and understanding the process and effects of carrion ecology in nature, with special application in such applied fields as forensic entomology, habitat management, animal production (e.g., livestock and aquaculture), and human and environmental health. It fills a large literature gap in ecology, providing a synthesis and future directions important for studies of carrion decomposition that improve the general understanding of decomposition in ecosystems. The book fuses multiple disciplines into a single message explaining the importance of vertebrate carrion ecology in nature. Illustrates Carrion Decomposition in a 16-Page Color Insert with 40 Photos The authors illustrate how the study of carrion transcends the globe and expands systems of inquiry, broadening awareness of this important ecosystem process. Whether you are a student, academic, or professional, you will find this book insightful for the fields of molecular ecology, microbiology, entomology, forensics, population biology, community and ecosystem ecology, and human and environmental health.

Water Infrastructure for Sustainable Communities

Water Infrastructure for Sustainable Communities Book
Author : Xiaodi Hao,Vladimir Novotny,Valerie Nelson
Publisher : IWA Publishing
Release : 2010
ISBN : 184339328X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book has been developed from the Conference on Sustainable Water Infrastructure for Villages and Cities of the Future (SWIF 2009) held in November 2009 in Beijing ..."--P. 4 of cover.