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Complexity of Seismic Time Series

Complexity of Seismic Time Series Book
Author : Tamaz Chelidze,Filippos Vallianatos,Luciano Telesca
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-21
ISBN : 012813139X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity of Seismic Time Series: Measurement and Application applies the tools of nonlinear dynamics to seismic analysis, allowing for the revelation of new details in micro-seismicity, new perspectives in seismic noise, and new tools for prediction of seismic events. The book summarizes both advances and applications in the field, thus meeting the needs of both fundamental and practical seismology. Merging the needs of the classical field and the very modern terms of complexity science, this book covers theory and its application to advanced nonlinear time series tools to investigate Earth’s vibrations, making it a valuable tool for seismologists, hazard managers and engineers. Covers the topic of Earth’s vibrations involving many different aspects of theoretical and observational seismology Identifies applications of advanced nonlinear time series tools for the characterization of these Earth’s signals Merges the needs of geophysics with the applications of complexity theory Describes different methodologies to analyze problems, not only in the context of geosciences, but also those associated with different complex systems across disciplines

Complexity of Seismic Time Series

Complexity of Seismic Time Series Book
Author : Tamaz Chelidze,Filippos Vallianatos,Luciano Telesca
Publisher :
Release : 2018-06
ISBN : 9780128131381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity of Seismic Time Series: Measurement and Application applies the tools of nonlinear dynamics to seismic analysis, allowing for the revelation of new details in micro-seismicity, new perspectives in seismic noise, and new tools for prediction of seismic events. The book summarizes both advances and applications in the field, thus meeting the needs of both fundamental and practical seismology. Merging the needs of the classical field and the very modern terms of complexity science, this book covers theory and its application to advanced nonlinear time series tools to investigate Earth's vibrations, making it a valuable tool for seismologists, hazard managers and engineers. Covers the topic of Earth's vibrations involving many different aspects of theoretical and observational seismology Identifies applications of advanced nonlinear time series tools for the characterization of these Earth's signals Merges the needs of geophysics with the applications of complexity theory Describes different methodologies to analyze problems, not only in the context of geosciences, but also those associated with different complex systems across disciplines

Time Series Analysis in Seismology

Time Series Analysis in Seismology Book
Author : Alejandro Ramírez-Rojas,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Elsa Leticia Flores Márquez,Otto Rendón
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-02
ISBN : 0128149027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time Series Analysis in Seismology: Practical Applications provides technical assistance and coverage of available methods to professionals working in the field of seismology. Beginning with a thorough review of open problems in geophysics, including tectonic plate dynamics, localization of solitons, and forecasting, the book goes on to describe the various types of time series or punctual processes obtained from those systems. Additionally, the book describes a variety of methods and techniques relating to seismology and includes a discussion of future developments and improvements. Time Series Analysis in Seismology offers a concise presentation of the most recent advances in the analysis of geophysical data, particularly with regard to seismology, making it a valuable tool for researchers and students working in seismology and geophysics. Presents the necessary tools for time series analysis as it relates to seismology in a compact and consistent manner Includes a discussion of technical resources that can be applied to time series data analysis across multiple disciplines Describes the methods and techniques available for solving problems related to the analysis of complex data sets Provides exercises at the end of each chapter to enhance comprehension

Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2012

Proceedings of the European Conference on Complex Systems 2012 Book
Author : Thomas Gilbert,Markus Kirkilionis,Gregoire Nicolis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-15
ISBN : 331900395X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The European Conference on Complex Systems, held under the patronage of the Complex Systems Society, is an annual event that has become the leading European conference devoted to complexity science. ECCS'12, its ninth edition, took place in Brussels, during the first week of September 2012. It gathered about 650 scholars representing a wide range of topics relating to complex systems research, with emphasis on interdisciplinary approaches. More specifically, the following tracks were covered: 1. Foundations of Complex Systems 2. Complexity, Information and Computation 3. Prediction, Policy and Planning, Environment 4. Biological Complexity 5. Interacting Populations, Collective Behavior 6. Social Systems, Economics and Finance This book contains a selection of the contributions presented at the conference and its satellite meetings. Its contents reflect the extent, diversity and richness of research areas in the field, both fundamental and applied.

Stochastic Equations for Complex Systems

Stochastic Equations for Complex Systems Book
Author : Stefan Heinz,Hakima Bessaih
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-06
ISBN : 3319182064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematical analyses and computational predictions of the behavior of complex systems are needed to effectively deal with weather and climate predictions, for example, and the optimal design of technical processes. Given the random nature of such systems and the recognized relevance of randomness, the equations used to describe such systems usually need to involve stochastics. The basic goal of this book is to introduce the mathematics and application of stochastic equations used for the modeling of complex systems. A first focus is on the introduction to different topics in mathematical analysis. A second focus is on the application of mathematical tools to the analysis of stochastic equations. A third focus is on the development and application of stochastic methods to simulate turbulent flows as seen in reality. This book is primarily oriented towards mathematics and engineering PhD students, young and experienced researchers, and professionals working in the area of stochastic differential equations and their applications. It contributes to a growing understanding of concepts and terminology used by mathematicians, engineers, and physicists in this relatively young and quickly expanding field.

Extreme Environmental Events

Extreme Environmental Events Book
Author : Robert A. Meyers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-03
ISBN : 1441976949
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extreme Environmental Events is an authoritative single source for understanding and applying the basic tenets of complexity and systems theory, as well as the tools and measures for analyzing complex systems, to the prediction, monitoring, and evaluation of major natural phenomena affecting life on earth. These phenomena are often highly destructive, and include earthquakes, tsunamis, volcanoes, climate change,, and weather. Early warning, damage, and the immediate response of human populations to these phenomena are also covered from the point of view of complexity and nonlinear systems. In 61 authoritative, state-of-the art articles, world experts in each field apply such tools and concepts as fractals, cellular automata, solitons game theory, network theory, and statistical physics to an understanding of these complex geophysical phenomena.

ISCS 2013 Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems

ISCS 2013  Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems Book
Author : Ali Sanayei,Ivan Zelinka,Otto E. Rössler
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-02-15
ISBN : 3642454380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book you hold in your hands is the outcome of the "ISCS 2013: Interdisciplinary Symposium on Complex Systems" held at the historical capital of Bohemia as a continuation of our series of symposia in the science of complex systems. Prague, one of the most beautiful European cities, has its own beautiful genius loci. Here, a great number of important discoveries were made and many important scientists spent fruitful and creative years to leave unforgettable traces. The perhaps most significant period was the time of Rudolf II who was a great supporter of the art and the science and attracted a great number of prominent minds to Prague. This trend would continue. Tycho Brahe, Niels Henrik Abel, Johannes Kepler, Bernard Bolzano, August Cauchy Christian Doppler, Ernst Mach, Albert Einstein and many others followed developing fundamental mathematical and physical theories or expanding them. Thus in the beginning of the 17th century, Kepler formulated here the first two of his three laws of planetary motion on the basis of Tycho Brahe’s observations. In the 19th century, nowhere differentiable continuous functions (of a fractal character) were constructed here by Bolzano along with a treatise on infinite sets, titled “Paradoxes of Infinity” (1851). Weierstrass would later publish a similar function in 1872. In 1842, Doppler as a professor of mathematics at the Technical University of Prague here first lectured about a physical effect to bear his name later. And the epoch-making physicist Albert Einstein – while being a chaired professor of theoretical physics at the German University of Prague – arrived at the decisive steps of his later finished theory of general relativity during the years 1911–1912. In Prague, also many famous philosophers and writers accomplished their works; for instance, playwright arel ape coined the word "robot" in Prague (“robot” comes from the Czech word “robota” which means “forced labor”).

Synchronization and Triggering from Fracture to Earthquake Processes

Synchronization and Triggering  from Fracture to Earthquake Processes Book
Author : Valerio de Rubeis,Zbigniew Czechowski,Roman Teisseyre
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-11
ISBN : 9783642123009
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Processes of synchronization and interaction play a very special role in different physical problems concerning the dynamics of the Earth’s interior; they are of particular importance in the study of seismic phenomena, and their complexity is strongly affected by the variety of geological structures and inhomogeneities of the medium that hamper the course of these processes and their intensity. The attempt to tackle these problems is a great challenge from experimental, observational and theoretical point of view. We present in this Monograph the theoretical and experimental results achieved in the frame of the European Project “Triggering and synchronization of seismic/ acoustic events by weak external forcing as a sign of approaching the critical point” (INTAS Ref. Nr 05-1000008-7889); in this Project, which was inspired by Professor Tamaz Chelidze, our aim was to give grounds for better understanding and interpretation of dynamical interactive processes of physical ?elds, both found in the laboratory experiments as well as in ?eld observations. One of the leading problems – related to synchronization and interaction of different physical ?elds in fracture processes concerns triggering and initiation of rupture and displa- ments within the Earth interior. From this point of view, the results from laboratory studies on synchronization and interaction and those found and involved in ?eld observations, helped to improve the theoretical background. Reversely, some of the presented new theoretical approaches have served to stimulate laboratory and ?eld studies.

Reviews of Nonlinear Dynamics and Complexity

Reviews of Nonlinear Dynamics and Complexity Book
Author : Heinz Georg Schuster
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2009-09-03
ISBN : 3527626360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Adopting a cross-disciplinary approach, the review character of this monograph sets it apart from specialized journals. The editor is advised by a first-class board of international scientists, such that the carefully selected and invited contributions represent the latest and most relevant findings. The resulting review enables both researchers and newcomers in life science, physics, and chemistry to access the most important results in this field, using a common language.

Earthquakes Simulations Sources and Tsunamis

Earthquakes  Simulations  Sources and Tsunamis Book
Author : Kristy F. Tiampo,Dion K. Weatherley,Stuart A. Weinstein
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-04
ISBN : 9783764387570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume attempts to present the current state of seismic research by focusing not only on the modeling of earthquakes and earthquake generated tsunamis, but also on practical comparisons of the resulting phenomenology. In the 1990s, major advancements in seismic research greatly added to the understanding of earthquake fault systems as complex dynamical systems. Large quantities of new and extensive remote sensing data sets provided information on the solid earth.

Time Series with Applications to Seismology

Time Series with Applications to Seismology Book
Author : G. R. Dargahi-Noubary
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 1999
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this book the author will present several approaches for modelling and identification of seismic records based on formulations for source and transmission path. This will demonstrate an approach based on a criterion other that statistical goodness of fit. They will provide reasons for the success of the models and methods that are used frequently. This will provide a criterion to decide which models are good for all data sets, not just for the data at hand. Moreover, we will explain the relationships that exist between certain geophysical variables (e.g. corner frequency) and statistical quantities (e.g. zero-crossing) and use that to support our modelling and identification approaches.

Active Tectonics and Seismic Potential of Alaska

Active Tectonics and Seismic Potential of Alaska Book
Author : Jeffrey T. Freymueller,Peter J. Haeussler,Robert L. Wesson,Göran Ekström
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2013-06-05
ISBN : 111867183X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 179. This multidisciplinary monograph provides the first modern integrative summary focused on the most spectacular active tectonic systems in North America. Encompassing seismology, tectonics, geology, and geodesy, it includes papers that summarize the state of knowledge, including background material for those unfamiliar with the region; address global hypotheses using data from Alaska; and test important global hypotheses using data from this region. It is organized around four major themes: subduction and great earthquakes at the Aleutian Arc, the transition from strike slip to accretion and subduction of the Yakutat microplate, the Denali fault and related structures and their role in accommodating permanent deformation of the overriding plate, and regional integration and large-scale models and the use of data from Alaska to address important global questions and hypotheses. The book's publication near the beginning of the National Science Foundation's EarthScope project makes it especially timely because Alaska is perhaps the least understood area within the EarthScope footprint, and interest in the region can be expected to rise with time as more EarthScope data become available.

Seismic Monitoring in Mines

Seismic Monitoring in Mines Book
Author : A.J. Mendecki
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1996-12-31
ISBN : 9780412753008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Routine seismic monitoring in mines was introduced over 30 years ago with two main objectives in mind: • immediate location of larger seIsmIC events to guide rescue operations; • prediction of large rockmass instabilities. The first objective was achieved fairly quickly, but with the subsequent development of mine communication systems, its strategic importance has diminished. The very limited success with prediction can, at least partially, be attributed to three factors: • seismic monitoring systems based on analogue technology that provided noisy and, frequently, poorly calibrated data of limited dynamic range; • the non-quantitative description of a seismic event by at best its local magnitude; and • the resultant non-quantitative analysis of seismicity, frequently through parameters of some statistical distributions, with a somewhat loose but imaginative physical interpretation. The introduction of modern digital seismic systems to mines and progress in the theory and methods of quantitative seismology have enabled the implementation of realtime seismic monitoring as a management tool, quantifying rockmass response to mining and achieving the first tangible results with prediction. A seismic event, being a sudden inelastic deformation within the rockmass, can now routinely be quantified in terms of seismic moment, its tensor, and radiated seismic energy, so that the overall size of, and stress released at, the seismic source can be estimated.

Probabilistic performance based seismic design

Probabilistic performance based seismic design Book
Author : fib Fédération internationale du béton
Publisher : fib Fédération internationale du béton
Release : 2012-05-07
ISBN : 2883941084
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last ten to fifteen years a vast amount of research has been undertaken to improve on earlier methods for analysing the seismic reliability of structures. These efforts focused on identifying aspects of prominent relevance and disregarding the inessential ones, with the goal of producing methods that are both more efficient and easier to use in practice. Today this goal can be said to be substantially achieved. During these years scientific activity covered all of the many aspects involved in such a multi-disciplinary problem, ranging from seismology, to geotechnics, to structural analysis and economy, all of them to be consistently organised into a probabilistic framework. As the output of this research was dispersed into a multitude of technical papers, fib Commission 7 thought it worthwhile to select the essential aspects of this large body of knowledge and to present them into a coherent and accessible document for structural engineers. To this end a task group of specialists was formed, whose qualifications come from their personal involvement in the above-mentioned developments throughout this period of time. From its inception the group decided that the bulletin should have had a distinct educational character and provide a clear overview of the methods available. The outcome is a compact volume that starts by introducing the concepts and definitions of performance-based engineering, continues with two chapters on assessment and design, respectively, presenting the methods in detail accompanied by illustrative examples, and concludes with an appendix with sample programming excerpts for their implementation. It is believed that at present fib Bulletin 68 represents a unique compendium on probabilistic performance-based seismic design.

Proceedings

Proceedings Book
Author : N.A
Publisher :
Release : 1979
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Persistence Time Series Analyses

Persistence Time Series Analyses Book
Author : Bruce D. Malamud
Publisher :
Release : 1998
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation explores the Quaternary history of a NW Argentina valley, persistence in synthetic self-affine time series, and complexity applied to natural hazards. Chapter one is an introduction. Chapter two examines the Lerma Valley in NW Argentina, today an externally drained basin which in the past was partially closed and contained a large fresh-water lake. Using geologic fieldwork laboratory work, and historical data analysis, we find that the lake was extant 1-50 ky during the period 0.78-0.1 Ma, had a surface area of 800-1300 $\rm km\sp2$ and sedimentation rates of 1-10 m/ky. Modern denudation rates could supply enough sediment from the drainage to account for these rates, and the modern hydrologic regime could fill the lake with water in less than 500 years. Chapter three provides a framework to examine persistence techniques in self-affine time series. By using the Fourier spectral method, a white noise is appropriately filtered so that its power spectral density (S) depends upon frequency (f) according to $S\sim f\sp{-\beta}.$ We examine fractional noises and walks with ${-}3\le\beta\le 5$ and Gaussian and log-normal distributions. The persistence analyses compared include autocorrelation, semivariogram, rescaled-range, Fourier power spectrum, extreme-value, and wavelet power spectrum. The last two are applied for the first time. In chapter four, self-organized critical (SOC) models are compared with actual events. The models have power-law noncumulative frequency-size distributions with exponent about 1.0, and the actual data have exponents 1.3-1.5 (forest-fires) and 2.3-3.3 (landslides). Actual forest fires are compared here for the first time with the forest-fire model; their robustness in one indicator of SOC behavior. Chapter five examines recurrence intervals of floods using power-law statistics applied to partial-duration series and the federally adopted log-Pearson type 3 (LP3) distribution applied to annual series. The great Mississippi River flood of 1993 has a recurrence interval on the order of 100 years using power-law statistics and 1,000 years using LP3. The power-law technique extended to the Colorado River finds hydrologic data are consistent with inferred paleofloods, whereas LP3 analysis gives recurrence intervals that are orders of magnitude longer. If power-law behavior is applicable, then the likelihood of severe floods is much higher.