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Complexity Of Seismic Time Series

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Complexity of Seismic Time Series

Complexity of Seismic Time Series Book
Author : Tamaz Chelidze,Filippos Vallianatos,Luciano Telesca
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-21
ISBN : 012813139X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity of Seismic Time Series: Measurement and Application applies the tools of nonlinear dynamics to seismic analysis, allowing for the revelation of new details in micro-seismicity, new perspectives in seismic noise, and new tools for prediction of seismic events. The book summarizes both advances and applications in the field, thus meeting the needs of both fundamental and practical seismology. Merging the needs of the classical field and the very modern terms of complexity science, this book covers theory and its application to advanced nonlinear time series tools to investigate Earth’s vibrations, making it a valuable tool for seismologists, hazard managers and engineers. Covers the topic of Earth’s vibrations involving many different aspects of theoretical and observational seismology Identifies applications of advanced nonlinear time series tools for the characterization of these Earth’s signals Merges the needs of geophysics with the applications of complexity theory Describes different methodologies to analyze problems, not only in the context of geosciences, but also those associated with different complex systems across disciplines

Imaging for Detection and Identification

Imaging for Detection and Identification Book
Author : Jim Byrnes
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-05-16
ISBN : 1402056206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume brings together many of the world's leading experts in the development of new imaging methodologies to detect, identify, and counter security threats to society. It covers three broadly defined but interrelated areas: the mathematics and computer science of automatic detection and identification; image processing techniques for radar and sonar; and detection of anomalies in biomedical and chemical images.

Building Knowledge for Geohazard Assessment and Management in the Caucasus and other Orogenic Regions

Building Knowledge for Geohazard Assessment and Management in the Caucasus and other Orogenic Regions Book
Author : Fabio Luca Bonali
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-11-29
ISBN : 9402420460
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Building Knowledge for Geohazard Assessment and Management in the Caucasus and other Orogenic Regions book written by Fabio Luca Bonali, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Statistical Methods and Modeling of Seismogenesis

Statistical Methods and Modeling of Seismogenesis Book
Author : Nikolaos Limnios,Eleftheria Papadimitriou,George Tsaklidis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-27
ISBN : 1119825040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The study of earthquakes is a multidisciplinary field, an amalgam of geodynamics, mathematics, engineering and more. The overriding commonality between them all is the presence of natural randomness. Stochastic studies (probability, stochastic processes and statistics) can be of different types, for example, the black box approach (one state), the white box approach (multi-state), the simulation of different aspects, and so on. This book has the advantage of bringing together a group of international authors, known for their earthquake-specific approaches, to cover a wide array of these myriad aspects. A variety of topics are presented, including statistical nonparametric and parametric methods, a multi-state system approach, earthquake simulators, post-seismic activity models, time series Markov models with regression, scaling properties and multifractal approaches, selfcorrecting models, the linked stress release model, Markovian arrival models, Poisson-based detection techniques, change point detection techniques on seismicity models, and, finally, semi-Markov models for earthquake forecasting.

Models and Applications of Chaos Theory in Modern Sciences

Models and Applications of Chaos Theory in Modern Sciences Book
Author : Elhadj Zeraoulia
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-09-07
ISBN : 1439883408
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a select group of papers that provide a comprehensive view of the models and applications of chaos theory in medicine, biology, ecology, economy, electronics, mechanical, and the human sciences. Covering both the experimental and theoretical aspects of the subject, it examines a range of current topics of interest. It consid

Recent Advances on Soft Computing and Data Mining

Recent Advances on Soft Computing and Data Mining Book
Author : Tutut Herawan,Rozaida Ghazali,Mustafa Mat Deris
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-29
ISBN : 3319076922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the First International Conference on Soft Computing and Data Mining, SCDM 2014, held in Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, in June 16th-18th, 2014. The 65 revised full papers presented in this book were carefully reviewed and selected from 145 submissions, and organized into two main topical sections; Data Mining and Soft Computing. The goal of this book is to provide both theoretical concepts and, especially, practical techniques on these exciting fields of soft computing and data mining, ready to be applied in real-world applications. The exchanges of views pertaining future research directions to be taken in this field and the resultant dissemination of the latest research findings makes this work of immense value to all those having an interest in the topics covered.

Time Series Analysis in Seismology

Time Series Analysis in Seismology Book
Author : Alejandro Ramírez-Rojas,Leonardo Di G. Sigalotti,Elsa Leticia Flores Márquez,Otto Rendón
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-02
ISBN : 0128149027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Time Series Analysis in Seismology: Practical Applications provides technical assistance and coverage of available methods to professionals working in the field of seismology. Beginning with a thorough review of open problems in geophysics, including tectonic plate dynamics, localization of solitons, and forecasting, the book goes on to describe the various types of time series or punctual processes obtained from those systems. Additionally, the book describes a variety of methods and techniques relating to seismology and includes a discussion of future developments and improvements. Time Series Analysis in Seismology offers a concise presentation of the most recent advances in the analysis of geophysical data, particularly with regard to seismology, making it a valuable tool for researchers and students working in seismology and geophysics. Presents the necessary tools for time series analysis as it relates to seismology in a compact and consistent manner Includes a discussion of technical resources that can be applied to time series data analysis across multiple disciplines Describes the methods and techniques available for solving problems related to the analysis of complex data sets Provides exercises at the end of each chapter to enhance comprehension

Synchronization and Triggering from Fracture to Earthquake Processes

Synchronization and Triggering  from Fracture to Earthquake Processes Book
Author : Valerio de Rubeis,Zbigniew Czechowski,Roman Teisseyre
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-11
ISBN : 3642123007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Processes of synchronization and interaction play a very special role in different physical problems concerning the dynamics of the Earth’s interior; they are of particular importance in the study of seismic phenomena, and their complexity is strongly affected by the variety of geological structures and inhomogeneities of the medium that hamper the course of these processes and their intensity. The attempt to tackle these problems is a great challenge from experimental, observational and theoretical point of view. We present in this Monograph the theoretical and experimental results achieved in the frame of the European Project “Triggering and synchronization of seismic/ acoustic events by weak external forcing as a sign of approaching the critical point” (INTAS Ref. Nr 05-1000008-7889); in this Project, which was inspired by Professor Tamaz Chelidze, our aim was to give grounds for better understanding and interpretation of dynamical interactive processes of physical ?elds, both found in the laboratory experiments as well as in ?eld observations. One of the leading problems – related to synchronization and interaction of different physical ?elds in fracture processes concerns triggering and initiation of rupture and displa- ments within the Earth interior. From this point of view, the results from laboratory studies on synchronization and interaction and those found and involved in ?eld observations, helped to improve the theoretical background. Reversely, some of the presented new theoretical approaches have served to stimulate laboratory and ?eld studies.

Natural Time Analysis The New View of Time

Natural Time Analysis  The New View of Time Book
Author : Panayiotis Varotsos,Nicholas V. Sarlis,Efthimios S. Skordas
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-14
ISBN : 3642164498
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with the theory and the applications of a new time domain, termed natural time domain, that has been forwarded by the authors almost a decade ago (P.A. Varotsos, N.V. Sarlis and E.S. Skordas, Practica of Athens Academy 76, 294-321, 2001; Physical Review E 66, 011902, 2002). In particular, it has been found that novel dynamical features hidden behind time series in complex systems can emerge upon analyzing them in this new time domain, which conforms to the desire to reduce uncertainty and extract signal information as much as possible. The analysis in natural time enables the study of the dynamical evolution of a complex system and identifies when the system enters a critical stage. Hence, natural time plays a key role in predicting impending catastrophic events in general. Relevant examples of data analysis in this new time domain have been published during the last decade in a large variety of fields, e.g., Earth Sciences, Biology and Physics. The book explains in detail a series of such examples including the identification of the sudden cardiac death risk in Cardiology, the recognition of electric signals that precede earthquakes, the determination of the time of an impending major mainshock in Seismology, and the analysis of the avalanches of the penetration of magnetic flux into thin films of type II superconductors in Condensed Matter Physics. In general, this book is concerned with the time-series analysis of signals emitted from complex systems by means of the new time domain and provides advanced students and research workers in diverse fields with a sound grounding in the fundamentals of current research work on detecting (long-range) correlations in complex time series. Furthermore, the modern techniques of Statistical Physics in time series analysis, for example Hurst analysis, the detrended fluctuation analysis, the wavelet transform etc., are presented along with their advantages when natural time domain is employed.

Earthquakes Simulations Sources and Tsunamis

Earthquakes  Simulations  Sources and Tsunamis Book
Author : Kristy F. Tiampo,Dion K. Weatherley,Stuart A. Weinstein
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-11-04
ISBN : 9783764387570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume attempts to present the current state of seismic research by focusing not only on the modeling of earthquakes and earthquake generated tsunamis, but also on practical comparisons of the resulting phenomenology. In the 1990s, major advancements in seismic research greatly added to the understanding of earthquake fault systems as complex dynamical systems. Large quantities of new and extensive remote sensing data sets provided information on the solid earth.

Data Science in Theory and Practice

Data Science in Theory and Practice Book
Author : Maria Cristina Mariani,Osei Kofi Tweneboah,Maria Pia Beccar-Varela
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 1119674735
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

DATA SCIENCE IN THEORY AND PRACTICE EXPLORE THE FOUNDATIONS OF DATA SCIENCE WITH THIS INSIGHTFUL NEW RESOURCE Data Science in Theory and Practice delivers a comprehensive treatment of the mathematical and statistical models useful for analyzing data sets arising in various disciplines, like banking, finance, health care, bioinformatics, security, education, and social services. Written in five parts, the book examines some of the most commonly used and fundamental mathematical and statistical concepts that form the basis of data science. The authors go on to analyze various data transformation techniques useful for extracting information from raw data, long memory behavior, and predictive modeling. The book offers readers a multitude of topics all relevant to the analysis of complex data sets. Along with a robust exploration of the theory underpinning data science, it contains numerous applications to specific and practical problems. The book also provides examples of code algorithms in R and Python and provides pseudo-algorithms to port the code to any other language. Ideal for students and practitioners without a strong background in data science, readers will also learn from topics like: Analyses of foundational theoretical subjects, including the history of data science, matrix algebra and random vectors, and multivariate analysis A comprehensive examination of time series forecasting, including the different components of time series and transformations to achieve stationarity Introductions to both the R and Python programming languages, including basic data types and sample manipulations for both languages An exploration of algorithms, including how to write one and how to perform an asymptotic analysis A comprehensive discussion of several techniques for analyzing and predicting complex data sets Perfect for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in Data Science, Business Analytics, and Statistics programs, Data Science in Theory and Practice will also earn a place in the libraries of practicing data scientists, data and business analysts, and statisticians in the private sector, government, and academia.

Seismic Waves

Seismic Waves Book
Author : Masaki Kanao
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2012-01-25
ISBN : 9533079444
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The importance of seismic wave research lies not only in our ability to understand and predict earthquakes and tsunamis, it also reveals information on the Earth's composition and features in much the same way as it led to the discovery of Mohorovicic's discontinuity. As our theoretical understanding of the physics behind seismic waves has grown, physical and numerical modeling have greatly advanced and now augment applied seismology for better prediction and engineering practices. This has led to some novel applications such as using artificially-induced shocks for exploration of the Earth's subsurface and seismic stimulation for increasing the productivity of oil wells. This book demonstrates the latest techniques and advances in seismic wave analysis from theoretical approach, data acquisition and interpretation, to analyses and numerical simulations, as well as research applications. A review process was conducted in cooperation with sincere support by Drs. Hiroshi Takenaka, Yoshio Murai, Jun Matsushima, and Genti Toyokuni.

Internet Applications

Internet Applications Book
Author : Lucas Chi-Kwong Hui,Dik Lun Lee
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2004-02-02
ISBN : 3540466525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 5th International Computer Science Conference, ICSC'99, held in Hong Kong, China, in December 1999. The 30 revised full papers presented together with 30 short papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 80 submissions. The book is divided into sections on information filtering, data mining, Web databases, user interfaces, modeling, information retrieval, workflow, applications, active networks, mobility and distributed databases, protocols, distributed systems, information retrieval and filtering, Web technologies, and e-commerce.

Seismicity Patterns their Statistical Significance and Physical Meaning

Seismicity Patterns  their Statistical Significance and Physical Meaning Book
Author : Max Wyss,Kunihiko Shimazaki,Akihiko Ito
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3034886772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

204 Pure app!. geophys. , P. Reasenberg demonstrated that in Cascadia earthquakes are four times more likely to be foreshocks than in California. Many speakers emphasized the regional differences in all earthquake parameters, and it was generally understood that basic models of the earthquake occurrence must be modified for regional application. The idea that the focal mechanisms of foreshocks may differ from that of background activity was advocated by Y. Chen and identified by M. Ohtake as possibly the thus far most neglected property of foreshocks, in efforts to identify them. S. Matsumura proposed that focal mechanism patterns of small earthquakes may differ character istically near locked fault segments into which fault creep is advancing. Considerable discussion was devoted to the status of the seismic gap hypothesis because M. Wyss argued that the occurrence of the M 7. 9, 1986, Andreanof Islands earthquake was a confirmation of Reid's rebound theory of earthquakes and thus of the time predictable version of the gap hypothesis, whereas Y. Kagan believed he could negate this view by presenting a list of nine earthquake pairs with M> 7. 4, moment centroid separation of less than 100 km, and time difference less than about 60% of the time he estimated it would take plate motions to restore the slip of the first event.

Earthquakes and Their Impact on Society

Earthquakes and Their Impact on Society Book
Author : Sebastiano D'Amico
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-28
ISBN : 3319217534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an integrated approach to the assessment of seismic hazards. The reduction of losses expected by future earthquakes is probably the most important contribution of seismology to society. Large earthquakes occurred in densely populated areas highlight the dramatic inadequacy of a massive portion of the buildings demonstrating the high risks of modern industrial societies. Building earthquake-resistant structures and retrofitting old buildings on a national scale can be extremely expensive and can represent an economic challenge even for developed western countries. Earthquakes can cause also several psychological problems due to the fact that such kind of disasters will result in casualties, collapsing of houses, strategic buildings and facilities and deeply affect a community. Moreover in our society it is necessary to properly plan emergency responses and rescues taking into account any possible secondary effect in order to avoid more casualties.

Entropy Measures for Data Analysis

Entropy Measures for Data Analysis Book
Author : Karsten Keller
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-12-19
ISBN : 3039280325
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Entropies and entropy-like quantities play an increasing role in modern non-linear data analysis. Fields that benefit from this application range from biosignal analysis to econophysics and engineering. This issue is a collection of papers touching on different aspects of entropy measures in data analysis, as well as theoretical and computational analyses. The relevant topics include the difficulty to achieve adequate application of entropy measures and the acceptable parameter choices for those entropy measures, entropy-based coupling, and similarity analysis, along with the utilization of entropy measures as features in automatic learning and classification. Various real data applications are given.

Identifying and Separating from a Sequence of Mine Tremors Series of Events Generated by a Single Process

Identifying and Separating from a Sequence of Mine Tremors Series of Events Generated by a Single Process Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Generation of induced seismicity in underground mines is controlled by various local and mine wide factors, and the seismic series are usually composed of events of different origins. Although it is well known that seismicity in mines is a multimodal phenomenon, it is not easy to identify its various components. A set of statistical methods to study complexity of seismic series is proposed. These are the descriptive statistics analysis to recognize basic features of the seismic series, the extreme value method to identify modes of the energy distribution of events, to estimate the limiting energy values for these modes and to distinguish those event generating processes which have well separated modes of energy and the analysis of deflection to identify generating processes that are responsible for certain dominant directions in the seismic series. The dominant directions of the distribution of epicenters are described by the deflections of straight lines connecting the epicenters of every two consecutive events in a series, measured from the NS direction. The deflection then forms another set of time series. The series of deflections are analyzed by a nonparametric kernel estimation of the deflection probability density function; a novel, objective quantitative approach. The proposed methods were applied to the sets of events from Wujek coal mine, that occurred from 1988 to 1993 in different areas of the mine. Altogether 14297 events was analyzed. Their distribution is not random both in space and in energy. The analyses resulted in identification of likely processes of seismic event generation. The analysis of deflection applied in the pseudo-multivariate way can be used to separate, from the seismic series, events originated by these identified processes.

Geodetic And Geophysical Effects Associated With Seismic And Volcanic Hazards

Geodetic And Geophysical Effects Associated With Seismic And Volcanic Hazards Book
Author : José Fernandez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-06-25
ISBN : 9783764370442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The topics included in this issue deal with many aspects of volcanic and seismic activity, two of the natural hazards of geological origin that have the greatest impact and pose the predominant risk to society. This book comprises eighteen papers, most of which were presented at an international seminar organized and held at the Complutense University of Madrid in October 2001. The papers address geodetic, geophysical and geochemical effects caused by seismic and volcanic activity; monitoring of volcanic and seismic processes using space and terrestrial techniques; complementarity of these techniques; theoretical modelling of volcanic and seismic processes; inverse problem; interpretation of observations; hazards; seismicity patterns and application.

Treatise on Geophysics

Treatise on Geophysics Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-04-17
ISBN : 0444538038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Treatise on Geophysics, Second Edition, is a comprehensive and in-depth study of the physics of the Earth beyond what any geophysics text has provided previously. Thoroughly revised and updated, it provides fundamental and state-of-the-art discussion of all aspects of geophysics. A highlight of the second edition is a new volume on Near Surface Geophysics that discusses the role of geophysics in the exploitation and conservation of natural resources and the assessment of degradation of natural systems by pollution. Additional features include new material in the Planets and Moon, Mantle Dynamics, Core Dynamics, Crustal and Lithosphere Dynamics, Evolution of the Earth, and Geodesy volumes. New material is also presented on the uses of Earth gravity measurements. This title is essential for professionals, researchers, professors, and advanced undergraduate and graduate students in the fields of Geophysics and Earth system science. Comprehensive and detailed coverage of all aspects of geophysics Fundamental and state-of-the-art discussions of all research topics Integration of topics into a coherent whole