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Complexity And Complex Chemo Electric Systems

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Complexity and Complex Chemo Electric Systems

Complexity and Complex Chemo Electric Systems Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-01
ISBN : 0128236361
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity and Complex Chemo-Electric Systems presents an analysis and synthesis of chemo-electric systems, providing insights on transports in electrolytes, electrode reactions, electrocatalysis, electrochemical membranes, and various aspects of heterogeneous systems and electrochemical engineering. The book describes the properties of complexity and complex chemo-electric systems as the consequence of formulations, definitions, tools, solutions and results that are often consistent with the best performance of the system. The book handles cybernetics, systems theory and advanced contemporary techniques such as optimal control, neural networks and stochastic optimizations (adaptive random search, genetic algorithms, and simulated annealing). A brief part of the book is devoted to issues such as various definitions of complexity, hierarchical structures, self-organization examples, special references, and historical issues. This resource complements Sieniutycz’ recently published book, Complexity and Complex Thermodynamic Systems, with its inclusion of complex chemo-electric systems in which complexities, emergent properties and self-organization play essential roles. Covers the theory and applications of complex chemo-electric systems through modeling, analysis, synthesis and optimization Provides a clear presentation of the applications of transport theory to electrolyte solutions, heterogeneous electrochemical systems, membranes, electro-kinetic phenomena and interface processes Includes numerous explanatory graphs and drawings that illustrate the properties and complexities in complex chemo-electric systems Written by an experienced expert in the field of advanced methods in thermodynamics and related aspects of macroscopic physics

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems

Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems Book
Author : Robert B. Northrop
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-12-10
ISBN : 1439894981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The boundaries between simple and complicated, and complicated and complex system designations are fuzzy and debatable, even using quantitative measures of complexity. However, if you are a biomedical engineer, a biologist, physiologist, economist, politician, stock market speculator, or politician, you have encountered complex systems. Furthermore, your success depends on your ability to successfully interact with and manage a variety of complex systems. In order not to be blindsided by unexpected results, we need a systematic, comprehensive way of analyzing, modeling, and simulating complex systems to predict non-anticipated outcomes. In its engaging first chapters, the book introduces complex systems, Campbell's Law, and the Law of Unintended Consequences, and mathematics necessary for conversations in complex systems. Subsequent chapters illustrate concepts via commonly studied biological mechanisms. The final chapters focus on higher-level complexity problems, and introduce complexity in economic systems. Designed as a reference for biologists and biological engineers, Introduction to Complexity and Complex Systems lends itself to use in a classroom course to introduce advanced students studying biomedical engineering, biophysics, or physiology to complex systems. Engaging and illustrative, this book aids scientists and decision makers in managing biological complexity and complex systems.

The Complexity Paradox

The Complexity Paradox Book
Author : Kenneth Mossman
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2014-08-26
ISBN : 0199330360
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Living systems exhibit a fundamental contradiction: they are highly stable and reliable, yet they have the capacity to adapt to changing environmental conditions. This paradoxical behavior arises from the complexity of life--a high degree of order and cooperation that emerges from relatively simple interactions among cellular components. The Complexity Paradox proposes inventive, interdisciplinary approaches to maintaining health and managing and preventing disease by considering the totality of human biology, from the cellular level on up to entire populations of individuals. From the perspective of complexity, which acknowledges that there are limits to what we can know, Kenneth L. Mossman opens the door to understanding essential life processes in new and extraordinary ways. By tying together evolution, functional dynamics, and investigations into how the body processes energy and uses genetic information, Mossman's analysis expresses a unified theory of biology that fills a critical niche for future research in biology, medicine, and public health.

Redox Homeostasis Managers in Plants under Environmental Stresses

Redox Homeostasis Managers in Plants under Environmental Stresses Book
Author : Nafees A. Khan,Naser A. Anjum,Adriano Sofo,Rene Kizek,Margarete Baier
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-06-30
ISBN : 2889198782
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The production of cellular oxidants such as reactive oxygen species (ROS) is an inevitable con-sequence of redox cascades of aerobic metabolism in plants. This milieu is further aggravated by a myriad of adverse environmental conditions that plants, owing to their sessile life-style, have to cope with during their life cycle. Adverse conditions prevent plants reaching their full genetic potential in terms of growth and productivity mainly as a result of accelerated ROS generation-accrued redox imbalances and halted cellular metabolism. In order to sustain ROS-accrued consequences, plants tend to manage a fine homeostasis between the generation and antioxidants-mediated metabolisms of ROS and its reaction products. Well-known for their involvement in the regulation of several non-stress-related processes, redox related components such as proteinaceous thiol members such as thioredoxin, glutaredoxin, and peroxiredoxin proteins, and key soluble redox-compounds namely ascorbate (AsA) and glutathione (GSH) are also listed as efficient managers of cellular redox homeostasis in plants. The management of the cellular redox homeostasis is also contributed by electron carriers and energy metabolism mediators such as non-phosphorylated (NAD+) and the phosphorylated (NADP+) coenzyme forms and their redox couples DHA/AsA, GSSG/GSH, NAD+/NADH and NADP+/NADPH. Moreover, intracellular concentrations of these cellular redox homeostasis managers in plant cells fluctuate with the external environments and mediate dynamic signaling in pant stress responses. This research topic aims to exemplify new information on how redox homeostasis managers are modulated by environmental cues and what potential strategies are useful for improving cellular concentrations of major redox homeostasis managers. Additionally, it also aims to pro-vide readers detailed updates on specific topics, and to highlight so far unexplored aspects in the current context.

Applications of Multi Criteria Decision Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering

Applications of Multi Criteria Decision Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering Book
Author : Ilker Ozsahin,Dilber Uzun Ozsahin,Berna Uzun
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-25
ISBN : 0128240873
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of Multi-Criteria Decision-Making Theories in Healthcare and Biomedical Engineering contains several practical applications on how decision-making theory could be used in solving problems relating to the selection of best alternatives. The book focuses on assisting decision-makers (government, organizations, companies, general public, etc.) in making the best and most appropriate decision when confronted with multiple alternatives. The purpose of the analytical MCDM techniques is to support decision makers under uncertainty and conflicting criteria while making logical decisions. The knowledge of the alternatives of the real-life problems, properties of their parameters, and the priority given to the parameters have a great effect on consequences in decision-making. In this book, the application of MCDM has been provided for the real-life problems in health and biomedical engineering issues. Provides a comprehensive analysis and application multi-criteria decision-making methods Presents detail information about MCDM and their usage Covers state-of-the-art MCDM methods and offers applications of MCDM for health and biomedical engineering purposes

The Psychophysics of Learning

The Psychophysics of Learning Book
Author : John N. Moye Ph.D.
Publisher : Emerald Group Publishing
Release : 2021-06-22
ISBN : 1801171130
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Psychophysics of Learning presents a learning system design approach that is formulated by the strategies and techniques the brain uses to process external information and make sense of that information to the learning ecology of all learners.

The Evidence based Parenting Practitioner s Handbook

The Evidence based Parenting Practitioner   s Handbook Book
Author : Kirsten Asmussen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-05-23
ISBN : 1136717153
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Evidence-based Parenting Practitioner’s Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the knowledge necessary to effectively deliver evidence-based parenting interventions within community and health settings. Using clear examples of how this knowledge can inform frontline work with parents, this practical handbook includes: an overview of the policy context underpinning evidence-based parenting work in the US, UK, Australia and Norway a discussion of how a robust evidence base is established and the ways in which practitioners can access information about good-quality research an overview of how research in the field of child development has contributed to the development of evidence-based parenting interventions an overview of how theories and research in the field of therapeutic practice have contributed to the development of evidence-based parenting interventions what research evidence suggests about the role of the practitioner in the delivery of evidence-based support outcome-focused methods for establishing the evidence base of new parenting interventions outcome-focused methods for commissioning evidence-based parenting services. Emphasizing the ways in which practitioners can evaluate and translate messages from research into applied work with parents and families, The Evidence-based Parenting Practitioner’s Handbook is suitable for all those involved in the delivery of evidence-based parenting support, including frontline practitioners, service managers, parenting commissioners, heads of children’s services and policy makers.

Complex Systems in Biomedicine

Complex Systems in Biomedicine Book
Author : A. Quarteroni,L. Formaggia,A. Veneziani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-03-20
ISBN : 8847003962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematicalmodelingofhumanphysiopathologyisatremendouslyambitioustask. It encompasses the modeling of most diverse compartments such as the cardiovas- lar,respiratory,skeletalandnervoussystems,aswellasthemechanicalandbioch- ical interaction between blood ?ow and arterial walls, and electrocardiac processes and electric conduction in biological tissues. Mathematical models can be set up to simulate both vasculogenesis (the aggregation and organization of endothelial cells dispersed in a given environment) and angiogenesis (the formation of new vessels sprouting from an existing vessel) that are relevant to the formation of vascular networks, and in particular to the description of tumor growth. The integration of models aimed at simulating the cooperation and interrelation of different systems is an even more dif?cult task. It calls for the setting up of, for instance, interaction models for the integrated cardio-vascular system and the interplay between the central circulation and peripheral compartments, models for the mid-to-long range cardiovascular adjustments to pathological conditions (e.g., to account for surgical interventions, congenital malformations, or tumor growth), models for integration among circulation, tissue perfusion, biochemical and thermal regulation, models for parameter identi?cation and sensitivity analysis to parameter changes or data uncertainty – and many others.

Insect Pheromone Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Insect Pheromone Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Book
Author : Gary J. Blomquist,Richard G. Vogt
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-10-08
ISBN : 0080495419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A valuable new reference on insect behavior, this exceptional new text delves into the primary sensory communication system used by most insects -- their sense of smell. Insect Pheromone Biochemistry and Molecular Biology covers how insects produce pheromones and how they detect pheromones and plant volatiles. Since insects rely on pheromone detection for both feeding and breeding, a better understanding of insect olfaction and pheromone biosynthesis could help curb the behavior of pests without the use of harmful pesticides and even help to reduce the socio-economic impacts associated to human-insect interactions. Covers biochemistry and molecular biology of insect pheromone production Explains pheromone production in moths, beetles, flies, and social insects Describes pheromone and plant volatile reception

Paradigms of Artificial Intelligence

Paradigms of Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Achim G. Hoffmann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 1998-09
ISBN : 9789813083974
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a new methodological analysis of two competing research paradigms of artificial intelligence and cognitive science-the symbolic versus the connectionist paradigms. Providing an accessible introduction to the fundamentals of both paradigms, the book derives new objectives for future research that will help to integrate aspects of both areas to obtain more powerful AI techniques and to promote a deeper understanding of cognition.

Weiner s Pain Management

Weiner s Pain Management Book
Author : Mark V. Boswell,B. Eliot Cole
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2005-08-31
ISBN : 1000687392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This seventh edition of a bestseller has been totally revised and updated, making this the most comprehensive rewrite in the book's long and distinguished history. It includes new chapters, new sections and section editors, and new contributors. Offering an interdisciplinary approach to pain management, the book delivers a scholarly presentation fo

Sensors and Sensory Systems for an Electronic Nose

Sensors and Sensory Systems for an Electronic Nose Book
Author : J. Gardner,Philip N. Bartlett
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 9401579857
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sensors and Sensory Systems for an Electronic Nose reviews the current state of progress in the development of an electronic instrument capable of olfaction. The instrument -- the so-called electronic nose -- has enormous potential for application in such areas as product flavor control and environmental monitoring. The book discusses the essential elements of an electronic nose, such as chemical sensors, signal processing, and pattern recoginiton techniques. It is also one of the first contributions to the new and exciting field of machine olfaction.

Ultrathin Electrochemical Chemo and Biosensors

Ultrathin Electrochemical Chemo  and Biosensors Book
Author : Vladimir M. Mirsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-14
ISBN : 3662052040
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Traditional biological sensors, based on enzymatic receptors and potentiometric or amperometric transducers are well reviewed and are nowadays even included extensively in many textbooks. The editors of this volume, the 2nd in the new Springer Series on Chemical and Biosensors, have focussed exclusively on alternative types of chemical and biological sensors or sensor-like structures. Special attention is given to sensor principles based on the use of linear or non-linear impedance spectroscopy. After self-assembled monolayers have become a viable technology for the immobilization of organic molecules on electrodes and for the formation of covalently stabilized receptor layers and even more sophisticated organic nano- and microstructures, this has led to the development of numerous analytical applications of impedometric sensor methods. These new and very promising types of sensors, their technology and performance in real world applications form the main topic of this book written by leading experts from around the world.

XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016

XIV Mediterranean Conference on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing 2016 Book
Author : Efthyvoulos Kyriacou,Stelios Christofides,Constantinos S. Pattichis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-03-31
ISBN : 3319327038
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents the proceedings of Medicon 2016, held in Paphos, Cyprus. Medicon 2016 is the XIV in the series of regional meetings of the International Federation of Medical and Biological Engineering (IFMBE) in the Mediterranean. The goal of Medicon 2016 is to provide updated information on the state of the art on Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing under the main theme “Systems Medicine for the Delivery of Better Healthcare Services”. Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing cover complementary disciplines that hold great promise for the advancement of research and development in complex medical and biological systems. Research and development in these areas are impacting the science and technology by advancing fundamental concepts in translational medicine, by helping us understand human physiology and function at multiple levels, by improving tools and techniques for the detection, prevention and treatment of disease. Medicon 2016 provides a common platform for the cross fertilization of ideas, and to help shape knowledge and scientific achievements by bridging complementary disciplines into an interactive and attractive forum under the special theme of the conference that is Systems Medicine for the Delivery of Better Healthcare Services. The programme consists of some 290 invited and submitted papers on new developments around the Conference theme, presented in 3 plenary sessions, 29 parallel scientific sessions and 12 special sessions.

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells Book
Author : Stanislaw Sieniutycz,Jacek Jezowski
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-02-14
ISBN : 0080982271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Energy Optimization in Process Systems and Fuel Cells, Second Edition covers the optimization and integration of energy systems, with a particular focus on fuel cell technology. With rising energy prices, imminent energy shortages, and increasing environmental impacts of energy production, energy optimization and systems integration is critically important. The book applies thermodynamics, kinetics and economics to study the effect of equipment size, environmental parameters, and economic factors on optimal power production and heat integration. Author Stanislaw Sieniutycz, highly recognized for his expertise and teaching, shows how costs can be substantially reduced, particularly in utilities common in the chemical industry. This second edition contains substantial revisions, with particular focus on the rapid progress in the field of fuel cells, related energy theory, and recent advances in the optimization and control of fuel cell systems. New information on fuel cell theory, combined with the theory of flow energy systems, broadens the scope and usefulness of the book Discusses engineering applications including power generation, resource upgrading, radiation conversion, and chemical transformation in static and dynamic systems Contains practical applications of optimization methods that help solve the problems of power maximization and optimal use of energy and resources in chemical, mechanical, and environmental engineering

Evolution of Nervous Systems

Evolution of Nervous Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-23
ISBN : 0128040963
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Evolution of Nervous Systems, Second Edition is a unique, major reference which offers the gold standard for those interested both in evolution and nervous systems. All biology only makes sense when seen in the light of evolution, and this is especially true for the nervous system. All animals have nervous systems that mediate their behaviors, many of them species specific, yet these nervous systems all evolved from the simple nervous system of a common ancestor. To understand these nervous systems, we need to know how they vary and how this variation emerged in evolution. In the first edition of this important reference work, over 100 distinguished neuroscientists assembled the current state-of-the-art knowledge on how nervous systems have evolved throughout the animal kingdom. This second edition remains rich in detail and broad in scope, outlining the changes in brain and nervous system organization that occurred from the first invertebrates and vertebrates, to present day fishes, reptiles, birds, mammals, and especially primates, including humans. The book also includes wholly new content, fully updating the chapters in the previous edition and offering brand new content on current developments in the field. Each of the volumes has been carefully restructured to offer expanded coverage of non-mammalian taxa, mammals, primates, and the human nervous system. The basic principles of brain evolution are discussed, as are mechanisms of change. The reader can select from chapters on highly specific topics or those that provide an overview of current thinking and approaches, making this an indispensable work for students and researchers alike. Presents a broad range of topics, ranging from genetic control of development in invertebrates, to human cognition, offering a one-stop resource for the evolution of nervous systems throughout the animal kingdom Incorporates the expertise of over 100 outstanding investigators who provide their conclusions in the context of the latest experimental results Presents areas of disagreement and consensus views that provide a holistic view of the subjects under discussion

Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy

Broadband Dielectric Spectroscopy Book
Author : Friedrich Kremer,Andreas Schönhals
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2002-11-13
ISBN : 9783540434078
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Both an introductory course to broadband dielectric spectroscopy and a monograph describing recent dielectric contributions to current topics, this book is the first to cover the topic and has been hotly awaited by the scientific community.

Advanced Drug Delivery Systems in the Management of Cancer

Advanced Drug Delivery Systems in the Management of Cancer Book
Author : Kamal Dua,Meenu Mehta,Terezinha de Jesus Andreoli Pinto,Lisa G. Pont,Kylie A. Williams,Michael Rathbone
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-06-24
ISBN : 0323900798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advanced Drug Delivery Systems in the Management of Cancer discusses recent developments in nanomedicine and nano-based drug delivery systems used in the treatment of cancers affecting the blood, lungs, brain, and kidneys. The research presented in this book includes international collaborations in the area of novel drug delivery for the treatment of cancer. Cancer therapy remains one of the greatest challenges in modern medicine, as successful treatment requires the elimination of malignant cells that are closely related to normal cells within the body. Advanced drug delivery systems are carriers for a wide range of pharmacotherapies used in many applications, including cancer treatment. The use of such carrier systems in cancer treatment is growing rapidly as they help overcome the limitations associated with conventional drug delivery systems. Some of the conventional limitations that these advanced drug delivery systems help overcome include nonspecific targeting, systemic toxicity, poor oral bioavailability, reduced efficacy, and low therapeutic index. This book begins with a brief introduction to cancer biology. This is followed by an overview of the current landscape in pharmacotherapy for the cancer management. The need for advanced drug delivery systems in oncology and cancer treatment is established, and the systems that can be used for several specific cancers are discussed. Several chapters of the book are devoted to discussing the latest technologies and advances in nanotechnology. These include practical solutions on how to design a more effective nanocarrier for the drugs used in cancer therapeutics. Each chapter is written with the goal of informing readers about the latest advancements in drug delivery system technologies while reinforcing understanding through various detailed tables, figures, and illustrations. Advanced Drug Delivery Systems in the Management of Cancer is a valuable resource for anyone working in the fields of cancer biology and drug delivery, whether in academia, research, or industry. The book will be especially useful for researchers in drug formulation and drug delivery as well as for biological and translational researchers working in the field of cancer. Presents an overview of the recent perspectives and challenges within the management and diagnosis of cancer Provides insights into how advanced drug delivery systems can effectively be used in the management of a wide range of cancers Includes up-to-date information on diagnostic methods and treatment strategies using controlled drug delivery systems

1st World Congress on Electroporation and Pulsed Electric Fields in Biology Medicine and Food Environmental Technologies

1st World Congress on Electroporation and Pulsed Electric Fields in Biology  Medicine and Food   Environmental Technologies Book
Author : Tomaz Jarm,Peter Kramar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-08-31
ISBN : 9812878173
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents the proceedings of the 1st World Congress on Electroporation and Pulsed Electric Fields in Biology, Medicine and Food & Environmental Technologies (WC2015). The congress took place in Portorož, Slovenia, during the week of September 6th to 10th, 2015. The scientific part of the Congress covered different aspects of electroporation and related technologies and included the following main topics: · Application of pulsed electric fields technology in food: challenges and opportunities · Electrical impedance measurement for assessment of electroporation yield · Electrochemistry and electroporation · Electroporation meets electrostimulation · Electrotechnologies for food and biomass treatment · Food and biotechnology applications · In vitro electroporation - basic mechanisms · Interfacial behaviour of lipid-assemblies, membranes and cells in electric fields · Irreversible electroporation in clinical use · Medical applications: electrochemotherapy · Medical applications: gene therapy · Non-electric field-based physical methods inducing cell poration and enhanced molecule transfer · Non-thermal plasmas for food safety, environmental applications and medical treatments · PEF for the food industry: fundamentals and applications · PEF proce ss integration - complex process chains and process combinations in the food industry · Predictable animal models · Pulsed electric fields and electroporation technologies in bioeconomy · Veterinary medical applications

Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries

Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries Book
Author : Alcides N. Sial,Claudio Gaucher,Muthuvairavasamy Ramkumar,Valderez Pinto Ferreira
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 1119382556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring environmental changes through Earth’s geological history using chemostratigraphy Chemostratigraphy is the study of the chemical characteristics of different rock layers. Decoding this geochemical record across chronostratigraphic boundaries can provide insights into geological history, past climates, and sedimentary processes. Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries presents state-of-the-art applications of chemostratigraphic methods and demonstrates how chemical signatures can decipher past environmental conditions. Volume highlights include: Presents a global perspective on chronostratigraphic boundaries Describes how different proxies can reveal distinct elemental and isotopic events in the geologic past Examines the Archaean-Paleoproterozoic, Proterozoic-Paleozoic, Paleozoic-Mesozoic, and Mesozoic-Paleogene boundaries Explores cause-and-effect through major, trace, PGE, and REE elemental, stable, and radiogenic isotopes Offers solutions to persistent chemostratigraphic problems on a micro-global scale Geared toward academic and researchgeoscientists, particularly in the fields of sedimentary petrology, stratigraphy, isotope geology, geochemistry, petroleum geology, atmospheric science, oceanography, climate change and environmental science, Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries offers invaluable insights into environmental evolution and climatic change.