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What Is a Complex System

What Is a Complex System  Book
Author : James Ladyman,Karoline Wiesner
Publisher : Yale University Press
Release : 2020-08-05
ISBN : 0300256132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A clear, concise introduction to the quickly growing field of complexity science that explains its conceptual and mathematical foundations What is a complex system? Although “complexity science” is used to understand phenomena as diverse as the behavior of honeybees, the economic markets, the human brain, and the climate, there is no agreement about its foundations. In this introduction for students, academics, and general readers, philosopher of science James Ladyman and physicist Karoline Wiesner develop an account of complexity that brings the different concepts and mathematical measures applied to complex systems into a single framework. They introduce the different features of complex systems, discuss different conceptions of complexity, and develop their own account. They explain why complexity science is so important in today’s world.

Creative Management of Complex Systems

Creative Management of Complex Systems Book
Author : Jean-Alain Heraud,Fiona Kerr,Thierry Burger-Helmchen
Publisher : Wiley-ISTE
Release : 2019-01-23
ISBN : 1848219571
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a general presentation of complex systems, examined from the point of view of management. There is no standard formula to govern such systems, nor to effectively understand and respond to them. The interdisciplinary theory of self-organization is teeming with examples of living systems that can reorganize at a higher level of complexity when confronted with an external challenge of a certain magnitude. Modern businesses, considered as complex systems, ideally know how to flexibly and resiliently adapt to their environment, and also how to prepare for change via self-organization. Understanding sources of potential crisis is essential for leaders, though not all crises are necessarily bad news, as creative firms know how to respond to challenges through innovation: new products and markets, organizational learning for collective intelligence, and more.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems Book
Author : Terry R. J. Bossomaier,David G. Green
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2000-07-06
ISBN : 9780521462457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, first published in 2000, explores the exciting field of complexity.

Complexity and Postmodernism

Complexity and Postmodernism Book
Author : Paul Cilliers
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2002-09-11
ISBN : 1134743297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Complexity and Postmodernism, Paul Cilliers explores the idea of complexity in the light of contemporary perspectives from philosophy and science. Cilliers offers us a unique approach to understanding complexity and computational theory by integrating postmodern theory (like that of Derrida and Lyotard) into his discussion. Complexity and Postmodernism is an exciting and an original book that should be read by anyone interested in gaining a fresh understanding of complexity, postmodernism and connectionism.

Complex Systems in Sport

Complex Systems in Sport Book
Author : Keith Davids,Robert Hristovski,Duarte Araújo,Natalia Balague Serre,Chris Button,Pedro Passos
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-11-20
ISBN : 1136482156
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complex systems in nature are those with many interacting parts, all capable of influencing global system outcomes. There is a growing body of research that has modeled sport performance from a complexity sciences perspective, studying the behavior of individual athletes and sports teams as emergent phenomena which self-organise under interacting constraints. This book is the first to bring together experts studying complex systems in the context of sport from across the world to collate core theoretical ideas, current methodologies and existing data into one comprehensive resource. It offers new methods of analysis for investigating representative complex sport movements and actions at an individual and team level, exploring the application of methodologies from the complexity sciences in the context of sports performance and the organization of sport practice. Complex Systems in Sport is important reading for any advanced student or researcher working in sport and exercise science, sports coaching, kinesiology or human movement.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems Book
Author : National Academies,The National Academies Keck Futures Initiatives
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2009-04-07
ISBN : 9780309177504
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The National Academies Keck Futures Initiative was launched in 2003 to stimulate new modes of scientific inquiry and break down the conceptual and institutional barriers to interdisciplinary research. At the Conference on Complex Systems, participants were divided into twelve interdisciplinary working groups. The groups spent nine hours over two days exploring diverse challenges at the interface of science, engineering, and medicine. The groups included researchers from science, engineering, and medicine, as well as representatives from private and public funding agencies, universities, businesses, journals, and the science media. The groups needed to address the challenge of communicating and working together from a diversity of expertise and perspectives as they attempted to solve complicated, interdisciplinary problems in a relatively short time. The summaries contained in this volume describe the problem and outline the approach taken, including what research needs to be done to understand the fundamental science behind the challenge, the proposed plan for engineering the application, the reasoning that went into it and the benefits to society of the problem solution.

Unifying Themes in Complex Systems

Unifying Themes in Complex Systems Book
Author : Ali A. Minai,Dan Braha,Yaneer Bar-Yam
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-06-02
ISBN : 9783540850816
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, scientists have applied the principles of complex systems science to increasingly diverse fields. The results have been nothing short of remarkable: their novel approaches have provided answers to long-standing questions in biology, ecology, physics, engineering, computer science, economics, psychology and sociology. "Unifying Themes in Complex Systems" is a well established series of carefully edited conference proceedings that serve the purpose of documenting and archiving the progress of cross-fertilization in this field. About NECSI: For over 10 years, The New England Complex Systems Institute (NECSI) has been instrumental in the development of complex systems science and its applications. NECSI conducts research, education, knowledge dissemination, and community development around the world for the promotion of the study of complex systems and its application for the betterment of society. NECSI hosts the International Conference on Complex Systems and publishes the NECSI Book Series in conjunction with Springer Publishers.

Complex Systems and Self organization Modelling

Complex Systems and Self organization Modelling Book
Author : Cyrille Bertelle,Gérard H. E. Duchamp,Hakima Kadri-Dahmani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-12-03
ISBN : 3540880739
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, the outcome of a workshop meeting within ESM 2006, explores the use of emergent computing and self-organization modeling within various applications of complex systems.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems Book
Author : E. Goles,Servet Martínez
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-02-28
ISBN : 9780792368304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the courses given at the Sixth Summer School on Complex Systems held at Facultad de Ciencias Fisicas y Maternaticas, Universidad de Chile at Santiago, Chile, from 14th to 18th December 1998. This school was addressed to graduate students and researchers working on areas related with recent trends in Complex Systems, including dynamical systems, cellular automata, complexity and cutoff in Markov chains. Each contribution is devoted to one of these subjects. In some cases they are structured as surveys, presenting at the same time an original point of view and showing mostly new results. The paper of Pierre Arnoux investigates the relation between low complex systems and chaotic systems, showing that they can be put into relation by some re normalization operations. The case of quasi-crystals is fully studied, in particular the Sturmian quasi-crystals. The paper of Franco Bagnoli and Raul Rechtman establishes relations be tween Lyapunov exponents and synchronization processes in cellular automata. The principal goal is to associate tools, usually used in physical problems, to an important problem in cellularautomata and computer science, the synchronization problem. The paper of Jacques Demongeot and colleagues gives a presentation of at tractors of dynamical systems appearing in biological situations. For instance, the relation between positive or negative loops and regulation systems.

Quantum Tunneling in Complex Systems

Quantum Tunneling in Complex Systems Book
Author : Joachim Ankerhold
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-02-15
ISBN : 3540680748
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last two decades remarkable progress has been made in understanding and describing tunneling processes in complex systems in terms of classical trajectories. This book introduces recent concepts and achievements with particular emphasis on a dynamical formulation and relations to specific systems in mesoscopic, molecular, and atomic physics. Advanced instanton techniques, e.g. for decay rates and tunnel splittings, are discussed in the first part. The second part covers current developments for wave-packet tunneling in real-time, and the third part describes thermodynamics and dynamical approaches for barrier transmission in statistical, particularly dissipative systems.

Complex Systems Concurrent Engineering

Complex Systems Concurrent Engineering Book
Author : Geilson Loureiro,Richard Curran
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-10
ISBN : 1846289769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume features the proceedings of the 14th ISPE Conference on Concurrent Engineering, held in São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil, on the 16th – 20th of July 2007. It highlights the application of concurrent engineering to the development of complex systems.

Complex Systems Approach to Economic Dynamics

Complex Systems Approach to Economic Dynamics Book
Author : Abraham C.-L. Chian
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-08-17
ISBN : 3540397531
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Statistical analysis of stock markets and foreign exchange markets has demonstrated the intermittent nature of economic time series. A nonlinear model of business cycles is able to simulate intermittency arising from order-chaos and chaos-chaos transitions. This monograph introduces new concepts of unstable periodic orbits and chaotic saddles, which are unstable structures embedded in a chaotic attractor and responsible for economic intermittency.

Modeling Complex Systems

Modeling Complex Systems Book
Author : John William Shuart,William D. Spaulding,Jeffrey Stephen Poland
Publisher : U of Nebraska Press
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0803213883
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Describes contemporary approach to the modeling of complex cognitive and behavioral processes. This book provides examples of translational research ranging from clinical neuropsychology to self-actualization, from medical informatics to industrial psychology, from programmed learning to psychiatric rehabilitation.

Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine

Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine Book
Author : Thomas Deisboeck,J. Yasha Kresh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-06-13
ISBN : 9780387335322
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine Thomas S. Deisboeck and J. Yasha Kresh Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine covers the emerging field of systems science involving the application of physics, mathematics, engineering and computational methods and techniques to the study of biomedicine including nonlinear dynamics at the molecular, cellular, multi-cellular tissue, and organismic level. With all chapters helmed by leading scientists in the field, Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine's goal is to offer its audience a timely compendium of the ongoing research directed to the understanding of biological processes as whole systems instead of as isolated component parts. In Parts I & II, Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine provides a general systems thinking perspective and presents some of the fundamental theoretical underpinnings of this rapidly emerging field. Part III then follows with a multi-scaled approach, spanning from the molecular to macroscopic level, exemplified by studying such diverse areas as molecular networks and developmental processes, the immune and nervous systems, the heart, cancer and multi-organ failure. The volume concludes with Part IV that addresses methods and techniques driven in design and development by this new understanding of biomedical science. Key Topics Include: • Historic Perspectives of General Systems Thinking • Fundamental Methods and Techniques for Studying Complex Dynamical Systems • Applications from Molecular Networks to Disease Processes • Enabling Technologies for Exploration of Systems in the Life Sciences Complex Systems Science in Biomedicine is essential reading for experimental, theoretical, and interdisciplinary scientists working in the biomedical research field interested in a comprehensive overview of this rapidly emerging field. About the Editors: Thomas S. Deisboeck is currently Assistant Professor of Radiology at Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School in Boston. An expert in interdisciplinary cancer modeling, Dr. Deisboeck is Director of the Complex Biosystems Modeling Laboratory which is part of the Harvard-MIT Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging. J. Yasha Kresh is currently Professor of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Research Director, Professor of Medicine and Director of Cardiovascular Biophysics at the Drexel University College of Medicine. An expert in dynamical systems, he holds appointments in the School of Biomedical Engineering and Health Systems, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering and Molecular Pathobiology Program. Prof. Kresh is Fellow of the American College of Cardiology, American Heart Association, Biomedical Engineering Society, American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.

Complex Systems Theory and Development Practice

Complex Systems Theory and Development Practice Book
Author : Samir Rihani,Hernando De Soto
Publisher : Zed Books
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9781842770474
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Real paradigm shifts are rare phenomena, and professionals are rightly cautious about claims in this regard. This thoughtful book, however, advocates just such a shift in the development field, and advances a reasoned case in its support. Its author hopes to open the door to a rather different way of looking at historical processes of development. Dr Rihani, an engineer with long experience of development, takes as his starting point the undoubted paradigm shift which is taking hold in the natural sciences. He argues that the emerging science of complexity can also illuminate the flawed nature of customary assumptions about causality, certainty and universality in the way nations develop.Ranging over a wide terrain of social, political and economic thinking and specific country experiences, the author explains the key concepts in complex systems theory and their possible applications in development practice. He examines various development issues and institutions in the light of what he sees as the limitations of rigid linear thinking in an essentially fluid, non-linear world. Little wonder, he concludes, that the results of half a century of development effort have been so disappointing.If development thinkers take up this book's invitation to apply the new thinking to the processes which they seek to understand and manage, Dr Rihani's work will have made an exceptional contribution to the theory and practice of development.

Uncertainty and Surprise in Complex Systems

Uncertainty and Surprise in Complex Systems Book
Author : Reuben R. McDaniel,Dean Driebe
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-03-11
ISBN : 9783540237730
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Complexity science has been a source of new insight in physical and social systems and has demonstrated that unpredictability and surprise are fundamental aspects of the world around us. This book is the outcome of a discussion meeting of leading scholars and critical thinkers with expertise in complex systems sciences and leaders from a variety of organizations, sponsored by the Prigogine Center at The University of Texas at Austin and the Plexus Institute, to explore strategies for understanding uncertainty and surprise. Besides contributions to the conference, it includes a key digest by the editors as well as a commentary by the late nobel laureate Ilya Prigogine, "Surprises in half of a century". The book is intended for researchers and scientists in complexity science, as well as for a broad interdisciplinary audience of both practitioners and scholars. It will well serve those interested in the research issues and in the application of complexity science to physical and social systems.

Complex Systems in Finance and Econometrics

Complex Systems in Finance and Econometrics Book
Author : Robert A. Meyers
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-03
ISBN : 1441977007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book consists of selections from the Encyclopedia of complexity and systems science edited by Robert A. Myers"--T.p. verso.

Hybrid Estimation of Complex Systems

Hybrid Estimation of Complex Systems Book
Author : Michael W. Hofbaur
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-06-09
ISBN : 9783540257271
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This monograph provides a tool-set for hybrid estimation that can successfully monitor the behavior of complex artifacts with a large number of possible operational and failure modes such as production plants, automotive or aeronautic systems, and autonomous robots. For this purpose, ideas from the fields of System Theory and Artificial Intelligence are taken and hybrid estimation is reformulated as a search problem. This allows to focus the estimation onto highly probably operational modes, without missing symptoms that might be hidden among the noise in the system. Additionally a novel approach to continue hybrid estimation in the presence of unknown behavioral modes and to automate system analysis and synthesis tasks for on-line operation are presented. This leads to a flexible model-based hybrid estimation scheme for complex artifacts that robustly copes with unforeseen situations.

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems Book
Author : Vladimir G. Ivancevic,Tijana T. Ivancevic
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2006-01-18
ISBN : 9781402045448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geometrical Dynamics of Complex Systems is a graduate-level monographic textbook. Itrepresentsacomprehensiveintroductionintorigorousgeometrical dynamicsofcomplexsystemsofvariousnatures. By'complexsystems', inthis book are meant high-dimensional nonlinear systems, which can be (but not necessarily are) adaptive. This monograph proposes a uni?ed geometrical - proachtodynamicsofcomplexsystemsofvariouskinds: engineering, physical, biophysical, psychophysical, sociophysical, econophysical, etc. As their names suggest, all these multi-input multi-output (MIMO) systems have something in common: the underlying physics. However, instead of dealing with the pop- 1 ular 'soft complexity philosophy', we rather propose a rigorous geometrical and topological approach. We believe that our rigorous approach has much greater predictive power than the soft one. We argue that science and te- nology is all about prediction and control. Observation, understanding and explanation are important in education at undergraduate level, but after that it should be all prediction and control. The main objective of this book is to show that high-dimensional nonlinear systems and processes of 'real life' can be modelled and analyzed using rigorous mathematics, which enables their complete predictability and controllability, as if they were linear systems. It is well-known that linear systems, which are completely predictable and controllable by de?nition - live only in Euclidean spaces (of various - mensions). They are as simple as possible, mathematically elegant and fully elaborated from either scienti?c or engineering side. However, in nature, no- ing is linear. In reality, everything has a certain degree of nonlinearity, which means: unpredictability, with subsequent uncontrollability.