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Complex Systems and Clouds

Complex Systems and Clouds Book
Author : Dan C. Marinescu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-10-01
ISBN : 9780128040416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Complex Systems and Clouds: A Self-Organization and Self-Management Perspective" provides insights into the intricate world of self-organizing systems. Large scale distributed computer systems have evolved into very complex systems and are at the point where they need to borrow self-adapting organizing concepts from nature. The book explores complexity in big distributed systems and in the natural processes in physics and chemistry, building a platform for understanding how self-organization in big distributed systems can be achieved. It goes beyond the theoretical description of self-organization to present principles for designing self-organizing systems, and concludes by showing the need for a paradigm shift in the development of large-scale systems from strictly deterministic to non-deterministic and adaptive. Analyzes the effect of self-organization applied to computer cloudsFurthers research on principles of self-organization of computing and communication systems inspired by a wealth of self-organizing processes and phenomena in nature and societyPresents a unique analysis of the field, with solutions and case studies

Modeling Complex Systems

Modeling Complex Systems Book
Author : Nino Boccara
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2010-09-21
ISBN : 9781441965615
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book illustrates how models of complex systems are built up and provides indispensable mathematical tools for studying their dynamics. This second edition includes more recent research results and many new and improved worked out examples and exercises.

Statistical Physics of Complex Systems

Statistical Physics of Complex Systems Book
Author : Eric Bertin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 9783319423388
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This course-tested primer provides graduate students and non-specialists with a basic understanding of the concepts and methods of statistical physics and demonstrates their wide range of applications to interdisciplinary topics in the field of complex system sciences, including selected aspects of theoretical modeling in biology and the social sciences. Generally speaking, the goals of statistical physics may be summarized as follows: on the one hand to study systems composed of a large number of interacting units, and on the other to predict the macroscopic, collective behavior of the system considered from the perspective of the microscopic laws governing the dynamics of the individual entities. These two goals are essentially also shared by what is now called 'complex systems science,' and as such, systems studied in the framework of statistical physics may be considered to be among the simplest examples of complex systems – while also offering a rather well developed mathematical treatment. The second edition has been significantly revised and expanded, featuring in particular three new chapters addressing non-conserved particles, evolutionary population dynamics, networks, properties of both individual and coupled simple dynamical systems, and convergence theorems, as well as short appendices that offer helpful hints on how to perform simple stochastic simulations in practice. Yet, the original spirit of the book – to remain accessible to a broad, non-specialized readership – has been kept throughout: the format is a set of concise, modular and self-contained topical chapters, avoiding technicalities and jargon as much as possible, and complemented by a wealth of worked-out examples, so as to make this work useful as a self-study text or as textbook for short courses. From the reviews of the first edition: “... a good introduction to basic concepts of statistical physics and complex systems for students and researchers with an interest in complex systems in other fields ... .” Georg Hebermehl, Zentralblatt MATH, Vol. 1237, 2012 “... this short text remains very refreshing for the mathematician.” Dimitri Petritis, Mathematical Reviews, Issue 2012k

Complex Systems in Biomedicine

Complex Systems in Biomedicine Book
Author : A. Quarteroni,L. Formaggia,A. Veneziani
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2007-03-20
ISBN : 8847003962
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mathematicalmodelingofhumanphysiopathologyisatremendouslyambitioustask. It encompasses the modeling of most diverse compartments such as the cardiovas- lar,respiratory,skeletalandnervoussystems,aswellasthemechanicalandbioch- ical interaction between blood ?ow and arterial walls, and electrocardiac processes and electric conduction in biological tissues. Mathematical models can be set up to simulate both vasculogenesis (the aggregation and organization of endothelial cells dispersed in a given environment) and angiogenesis (the formation of new vessels sprouting from an existing vessel) that are relevant to the formation of vascular networks, and in particular to the description of tumor growth. The integration of models aimed at simulating the cooperation and interrelation of different systems is an even more dif?cult task. It calls for the setting up of, for instance, interaction models for the integrated cardio-vascular system and the interplay between the central circulation and peripheral compartments, models for the mid-to-long range cardiovascular adjustments to pathological conditions (e.g., to account for surgical interventions, congenital malformations, or tumor growth), models for integration among circulation, tissue perfusion, biochemical and thermal regulation, models for parameter identi?cation and sensitivity analysis to parameter changes or data uncertainty – and many others.

Governing Complex Systems

Governing Complex Systems Book
Author : Oran R. Young
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2017-03-10
ISBN : 0262533847
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Nature of International Environmental Principles -- The Effectiveness of International Environmental Principles -- A System of International Environmental Ethics -- The Future of International Environmental Ethics -- Concluding Thoughts -- 7 The Contributions of Good Governance -- Introduction -- Conceptual Issues -- Theoretical Matters -- Empirical Observations -- Concluding Observations -- Conclusion: Science, Policy, and the Governance of Complex Systems -- Introduction -- Research Opportunities -- Lessons for Policy-Makers -- The Science/Policy Interface -- The Last Word -- Notes -- Introduction -- Chapter 1 -- Chapter 2 -- Chapter 3 -- Chapter 4 -- Chapter 5 -- Chapter 6 -- Chapter 7 -- Conclusion -- References -- Index

Control of Complex Systems

Control of Complex Systems Book
Author : Aleksandar Zecevic,Dragoslav D. Siljak
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-01-08
ISBN : 1441912169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Control of Complex Systems: Structural Constraints and Uncertainty" focuses on control design under information structure constraints, with a particular emphasis on large-scale systems. The complexity of such systems poses serious computational challenges and severely restricts the types of feedback laws that can be used in practice. This book systematically addresses the main issues, and provides a number of applications that illustrate potential design methods, most which use Linear Matrix Inequalities (LMIs), which have become a popular design tool over the past two decades. Authors Aleksandar I. Zecevic and Dragoslav D. Siljak use their years of experience in the control field to also: Address the issues of large-scale systems as they relate to robust control and linear matrix inequalities Discuss a new approach to applying standard LMI techniques to large-scale systems, combining graphic-theoretic decomposition techniques with appropriate low-rank numerical approximations and dramatically reducing the computational effort Providing numerous examples and a wide variety of applications, ranging from electric power systems and nonlinear circuits to mechanical problems and dynamic Boolean networks "Control of Complex Systems: Structural Constraints and Uncertainty" will appeal to practicing engineers, researchers and students working in control design and other related areas.

Complex Systems

Complex Systems Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Complex Systems book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Complex Systems and Sustainability in the Global Auditing Consulting and Credit Rating Agency Industries

Complex Systems and Sustainability in the Global Auditing  Consulting  and Credit Rating Agency Industries Book
Author : Nwogugu, Michael I. C.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-05-07
ISBN : 1799874206
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Current and future issues in the global accounting/consulting, business opportunity, and credit rating agency (CRA) industries can have significant multiplier-effects on international trade, sustainable growth, and compliance (as physical phenomena). These three industries are among the most international and human-capital-intensive of all service industries. In these industries, analysis of business models and industry dynamics can provide insights about how human-computer interaction (HCI) and contract theory affect the evolution of financial market ecosystems and cross-border information flows, and how business models, work-allocation mechanisms, and liability allocation can evolve to manage change. An often-overlooked issue is that non-performing loans (NPLs), sustainability, and CRA efficiency can be significantly affected by business processes, corporate strategy, and HCI in industry ecosystems, multinational corporations (MNCs), and economic systems. Complex Systems and Sustainability in the Global Auditing, Consulting, and Credit Rating Agency Industries compares these three industries and introduces theories of public policy and “inter-business” processes. The book links industry structure, complex systems (including networks), behavioral game theory, structural changes, and antitrust problems to sustainability and the efficiency of pollution-remediation systems. The book introduces new “informal algorithms” and business/resource-allocation models that solve social-choice problems, and also contravene “impossibility theorems” that are at the core of modern computer science and mechanism design. This book is essential for professors and masters/PhD-level students and employees (in industry, financial services, research institutes, consulting firms, and government agencies) who are interested in industrial mathematics and theoretical computer science.

Small Groups as Complex Systems

Small Groups as Complex Systems Book
Author : Holly Arrow,Joseph E. McGrath,Jennifer L. Berdahl
Publisher : SAGE Publications
Release : 2000-03-21
ISBN : 1452238502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What are groups? How do they behave? Arrow, McGrath, and Berdahl answer these questions by developing a general theory of small groups as complex systems. Basing their theory on concepts distilled from general systems theory, dynamical systems theory, and complexity and chaos theory, they explore groups as adaptive, dynamic systems that are driven by interactions among group members as well as between the group and its embedding contexts. In addition, they consider not only the group's members and their distribution of attributes, but also the group's tasks and technology in order to understand how those members, tasks, and tools are intertwined, coordinated, and adjusted. Throughout the book, the authors focus our attention on relationships among people, tools, and tasks that are activated by a combination of individual and collective purposes and goals that change and evolve as the group interacts over time.

Reliability Models of Complex Systems for Robots and Automation

Reliability Models of Complex Systems for Robots and Automation Book
Author : Hamed Fazlollahtabar,Seyed Taghi Akhavan Niaki
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-15
ISBN : 1351337327
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In today's competitive world, customer demands for highly reliable products, makes reliability engineering a more challenging task. Reliability analysis is one of the main tools to ensure agreed upon delivery deadlines, which in turn maintains certainty in tangible factors such as goodwill and company reputation. This unique book considers a complex production system composing of several autonomous robots performing manufacturing jobs. The reliability of the complex system is analyzed under different conditions, with different objectives. Various reliability models are developed with each focusing on the specifications of a unique problem, and provides the evaluation of a complex system.

Social Behavioral Modeling for Complex Systems

Social Behavioral Modeling for Complex Systems Book
Author : Paul K. Davis,Angela O'Mahony,Jonathan Pfautz
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-03-13
ISBN : 1119484987
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume describes frontiers in social-behavioral modeling for contexts as diverse as national security, health, and on-line social gaming. Recent scientific and technological advances have created exciting opportunities for such improvements. However, the book also identifies crucial scientific, ethical, and cultural challenges to be met if social-behavioral modeling is to achieve its potential. Doing so will require new methods, data sources, and technology. The volume discusses these, including those needed to achieve and maintain high standards of ethics and privacy. The result should be a new generation of modeling that will advance science and, separately, aid decision-making on major social and security-related subjects despite the myriad uncertainties and complexities of social phenomena. Intended to be relatively comprehensive in scope, the volume balances theory-driven, data-driven, and hybrid approaches. The latter may be rapidly iterative, as when artificial-intelligence methods are coupled with theory-driven insights to build models that are sound, comprehensible and usable in new situations. With the intent of being a milestone document that sketches a research agenda for the next decade, the volume draws on the wisdom, ideas and suggestions of many noted researchers who draw in turn from anthropology, communications, complexity science, computer science, defense planning, economics, engineering, health systems, medicine, neuroscience, physics, political science, psychology, public policy and sociology. In brief, the volume discusses: Cutting-edge challenges and opportunities in modeling for social and behavioral science Special requirements for achieving high standards of privacy and ethics New approaches for developing theory while exploiting both empirical and computational data Issues of reproducibility, communication, explanation, and validation Special requirements for models intended to inform decision making about complex social systems

Decision Control Management and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems Quantitative Models

Decision Control  Management  and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems  Quantitative Models Book
Author : Pavlov, Yuri P.
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2013-02-28
ISBN : 1466629681
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In order to ensure the criteria for monitoring and managing the various problems and design for decision control, a mathematical description of exact human knowledge is required for the management of adaptive and complex systems. Decision Control, Management, and Support in Adaptive and Complex Systems: Quantitative Models presents an application and demonstration of a new mathematical technique for descriptions of complex systems. This comprehensive collection contains scientific results in the field of contemporary approaches to adaptive decision making that is essential for researchers, scholars, and students alike.

Multidisciplinary Methods for Analysis Optimization and Control of Complex Systems

Multidisciplinary Methods for Analysis  Optimization and Control of Complex Systems Book
Author : Vincenzo Capasso,Jacques Périaux
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-12-13
ISBN : 9783540223108
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book consists of lecture notes of a summer school named after the late Jacques Louis Lions. The summer school was designed to alert both Academia and Industry to the increasing role of multidisciplinary methods and tools for the design of complex products in various areas of socio-economic interest. This volume offers the reader a rare opportunity of being exposed to the presentation of real industrial and societal problems together with the relevant innovative methods used.

Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems

Decoherence and Entropy in Complex Systems Book
Author : Hans-Thomas Elze
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-01-20
ISBN : 9783540206392
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The contributions to this volume are based on selected lectures from the first international workshop on decoherence, information, complexity and entropy (DICE). The aim of this volume is to reflect the growing importance ot common concepts behind seemingly different fields such as quantum mechanics, general relativity and statistical physics in a form accessible to nonspecialist researchers. Many presentations include original results which published here for the first time.

Theoretical Approaches to Complex Systems

Theoretical Approaches to Complex Systems Book
Author : R. Heim,G. Palm
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-08
ISBN : 3642930832
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Theoretical Approaches to Complex Systems book written by R. Heim,G. Palm, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Electronic Structure of Complex Systems

The Electronic Structure of Complex Systems Book
Author : P. Phariseau,W.M. Temmerman
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 146132405X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We present here the transcripts of lectures and talks which were delivered at the NATO ADVANCED STUDY INSTITUTE "Electronic Structure of Complex Systems" held at the State University of Ghent, Belgium during the period July 12-23, 1982. The aim of these lectures was to highlight some of the current progress in our understanding of the electronic structure of com plex systems. A massive leap forward is obtained in bandstructure calculations with the advent of linear methods. The bandtheory also profitted tremendously from the recent developments in the density functional theories for the properties of the interacting electron gas in the presence of an external field of ions. The means of per forming fast bandstructure calculations and the confidence in the underlying potential functions have led in the past five years or so to a wealth of investigations into the electronic properties of elemental solids and compounds. The study of the trends of the electronic structure through families of materials provided invalu able insights for the prediction of new materials. The detailed study of the electronic structure of specific solids was not neglected and our present knowledge of d- and f-metals and metal hydrides was reviewed. For those systems we also investi gated the accuracy of the one electron potentials in fine detail and we complemented this with the study of small clusters of atoms where our calculations are amenable to comparison with the frontiers of quantum chemistry calculations.

Catastrophes In Nature And Society Mathematical Modeling Of Complex Systems

Catastrophes In Nature And Society  Mathematical Modeling Of Complex Systems Book
Author : Rem G Khlebopros,Victor A Okhonin,Abram I Fet
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2007-02-14
ISBN : 9814477311
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Many people are concerned about crises leading to disasters in nature, in social and economic life. The book offers a popular account of the causative mechanisms of critical states and breakdown in a broad range of natural and cultural systems — which obey the same laws — and thus makes the reader aware of the origin of catastrophic events and the ways to avoid and mitigate their negative consequences. The authors apply a single mathematical approach to investigate the revolt of cancer cells that destroy living organisms and population outbreaks that upset natural ecosystems, the balance between biosphere and global climate interfered lately by industry, the driving mechanisms of market and related economic and social phenomena, as well as the electoral system the proper use of which is an arduous accomplishment of democracy.

Organic Computing A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems

Organic Computing     A Paradigm Shift for Complex Systems Book
Author : Christian Müller-Schloer,Hartmut Schmeck,Theo Ungerer
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-04-29
ISBN : 9783034801300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Organic Computing has emerged as a challenging vision for future information processing systems. Its basis is the insight that we will increasingly be surrounded by and depend on large collections of autonomous systems, which are equipped with sensors and actuators, aware of their environment, communicating freely, and organising themselves in order to perform actions and services required by the users. These networks of intelligent systems surrounding us open fascinating ap-plication areas and at the same time bear the problem of their controllability. Hence, we have to construct such systems as robust, safe, flexible, and trustworthy as possible. In particular, a strong orientation towards human needs as opposed to a pure implementation of the tech-nologically possible seems absolutely central. The technical systems, which can achieve these goals will have to exhibit life-like or "organic" properties. "Organic Computing Systems" adapt dynamically to their current environmental conditions. In order to cope with unexpected or undesired events they are self-organising, self-configuring, self-optimising, self-healing, self-protecting, self-explaining, and context-aware, while offering complementary interfaces for higher-level directives with respect to the desired behaviour. First steps towards adaptive and self-organising computer systems are being undertaken. Adaptivity, reconfigurability, emergence of new properties, and self-organisation are hot top-ics in a variety of research groups worldwide. This book summarises the results of a 6-year priority research program (SPP) of the German Research Foundation (DFG) addressing these fundamental challenges in the design of Organic Computing systems. It presents and discusses the theoretical foundations of Organic Computing, basic methods and tools, learning techniques used in this context, architectural patterns and many applications. The final outlook shows that in the mean-time Organic Computing ideas have spawned a variety of promising new projects.

Complex Systems Design Management

Complex Systems Design   Management Book
Author : Daniel Krob
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 3030735397
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Complex Systems Design Management book written by Daniel Krob, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Inductive Learning Algorithms for Complex Systems Modeling

Inductive Learning Algorithms for Complex Systems Modeling Book
Author : H.R. Madala
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-08-01
ISBN : 1351090399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inductive Learning Algorithms for Complex Systems Modeling is a professional monograph that surveys new types of learning algorithms for modeling complex scientific systems in science and engineering. The book features discussions of algorithm development, structure, and behavior; comprehensive coverage of all types of algorithms useful for this subject; and applications of various modeling activities (e.g., environmental systems, noise immunity, economic systems, clusterization, and neural networks). It presents recent studies on clusterization and recognition problems, and it includes listings of algorithms in FORTRAN that can be run directly on IBM-compatible PCs. Inductive Learning Algorithms for Complex Systems Modeling will be a valuable reference for graduate students, research workers, and scientists in applied mathematics, statistics, computer science, and systems science disciplines. The book will also benefit engineers and scientists from applied fields such as environmental studies, oceanographic modeling, weather forecasting, air and water pollution studies, economics, hydrology, agriculture, fisheries, and time series evaluations.