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Community Resilience

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Planning for Community Resilience

Planning for Community Resilience Book
Author : Jaimie Hicks Masterson,Walter Gillis Peacock,Shannon S. Van Zandt,Himanshu Grover,Lori Feild Schwarz,John T. Cooper
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2014-11-24
ISBN : 9781610915854
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How can we plan and design stronger communities? From New Orleans to Galveston to the Jersey Shore, communities struck by natural disasters struggle to recover long after the first responders have left. Globally, the average annual number of natural disasters has more than doubled since 1980. These catastrophes are increasing in number as well as in magnitude, causing greater damage as we experience rising sea levels and other effects of climate change. Communities can reduce their vulnerability to disaster by becoming more resilient—to not only bounce back more readily from disasters but to grow stronger, more socially cohesive, and more environmentally responsible. To be truly resilient, disaster preparation and response must consider all populations in the community. By bringing together natural hazards planning and community planning to consider vulnerabilities, more resilient and equitable communities are achievable. In Planning for Community Resilience the authors describe an inclusive process for creating disaster-resilient communities. Based on their recovery work after Hurricane Ike in Galveston, Texas, they developed a process that relies on the Disaster Impacts Model. This handbook guides any community through the process of determining their level of hazard exposure, physical vulnerability, and social vulnerability with the goal of determining the best planning strategy. Planning for Community Resilience will be invaluable to professionals working to protect their community from disturbance, including city planners, elected officials, floodplain managers, natural hazard managers, planning commissioners, local business leaders, and citizen organizers.

Community Resilience and Environmental Transitions

Community Resilience and Environmental Transitions Book
Author : Geoff Wilson
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-03-12
ISBN : 1136504524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the resilience of communities in both developed and developing world contexts. It investigates the notion of ‘resilience’ and the challenges faced by local communities around the world to deal with disturbances (natural hazards or human-made) that may threaten their long-term survival. Using global examples, specific emphasis is placed on how learning processes, traditions, policies and politics affect the resilience of communities and what constraints and opportunities exist for communities to raise resilience levels.

Promoting Community Resilience in Disasters

Promoting Community Resilience in Disasters Book
Author : Kevin Ronan,David Johnston
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-05-30
ISBN : 0387238212
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A myriad of models are available to guide practice before, during, and following disasters. As emphasized in this book, we value the role of research in informing our assessment, education, and intervention efforts in this area. Keeping an eye on those elements that have research backing certainly assists with quality control generally. However, more specifically, we also stress the idea that there is evidence to support a role for hope and positive expectations in the motivation and engagement process. In addition, the more that people, including youth and adults, actively participate in efforts designed to help, the more benefits they tend to receive. The role of research in providing that initial hope and inspiring more active engagement with internal and external resources before, during, and after a disaster is part of the foundation of our practice in this area. In fact, in the clinical psychology training program directed by the senior author, the idea that we attempt to inculcate with our trainees is the idea of “hope and engagement on an evidence-based foundation.” Consequently, we do advocate for models of practice that have identified “active ingredients” that are included: those particularly identified through controlled evaluation research. However, it is also the case that a number of risk and protective factors identified through a number of studies (e.g., see Chapter 2) have as yet to be systematically included.

Community Resilience

Community Resilience Book
Author : Alonzo L. Plough
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021-02
ISBN : 0197559387
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Community Resilience book written by Alonzo L. Plough, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Community Resilience

Community Resilience Book
Author : Katy Wright
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-11-30
ISBN : 0429826931
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an alternative perspective on community resilience, drawing on critical sociological and social policy insights about how people individually and collectively cope with different kinds of adversity. Based on the idea that resilience is more than simply an invention of neoliberal governments, this book explores diverse expressions of resilience and considers what supports and undermines people’s resilience in different contexts. Focusing on the United Kingdom, it examines the contradictions and limitations of neoliberal resilience policies and the role of policy in shaping how vulnerabilities are distributed and how resilience is manifested. The book explores different types of resilience including planning, response, recovery, adaptation and transformation, which are examined in relation to different types of threat such as financial hardship, disasters and climate change. It argues that resilience cannot act as an antidote to vulnerability, and aims to demonstrate the importance of shared institutions in underpinning resilience and in preventing socially created vulnerabilities. It will be of interest to academics, students and well-informed practitioners working with the concept of resilience within the subject areas of Sociology, Social Policy, Human Geography, Environmental Humanities and International Development.

Fostering Community Resilience

Fostering Community Resilience Book
Author : Tom Lansford,Jack Covarrubias,Justin Miller
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-04-22
ISBN : 1317133846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Using the Mississippi Gulf Coast as a case study, this book focuses on the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina and develops the concept of resilience and how it applies to Homeland Security in the aftermath of the worst natural disaster to hit the United States. Through the lens of the national response to Hurricane Katrina and the local lens of the recovery of the Mississippi Gulf Coast community, this work elucidates the particular qualities that make a community and a nation more resilient, discussing resilience as a concept and an application. Additionally, it explores in-depth the interconnected fields that comprise resilience; including economic, social, infrastructure, and political domains. By examining what went right, what went wrong, and what can be improved upon during the Mississippi Gulf Coast's recovery, scholars and policymakers can better understand community resilience not just as a concept, but also as a practice.

Rethinking Community Resilience

Rethinking Community Resilience Book
Author : Min Hee Go
Publisher : NYU Press
Release : 2021-08-03
ISBN : 1479804916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explores the unintended consequences of civic activism in a disaster-prone city After Hurricane Katrina, thousands of people swiftly mobilized to rebuild their neighborhoods, often assisted by government organizations, nonprofits, and other major institutions. In Rethinking Community Resilience, Min Hee Go shows that these recovery efforts are not always the panacea they seem to be, and can actually escalate the city’s susceptibility to future environmental hazards. Drawing upon interviews, public records, and more, Go explores the hidden costs of community resilience. She shows that—despite good intentions—recovery efforts after Hurricane Katrina exacerbated existing race and class inequalities, putting disadvantaged communities at risk. Ultimately, Go shows that when governments, nonprofits, and communities invest in rebuilding rather than relocating, they inadvertently lay the groundwork for a cycle of vulnerabilities. As cities come to terms with climate change adaptation—rather than prevention—Rethinking Community Resilienceprovides insight into the challenges communities increasingly face in the twenty-first century.

Building and Measuring Community Resilience

Building and Measuring Community Resilience Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Office of Special Projects,Committee on Measuring Community Resilience
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-04-26
ISBN : 030948975X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The frequency and severity of disasters over the last few decades have presented unprecedented challenges for communities across the United States. In 2005, Hurricane Katrina exposed the complexity and breadth of a deadly combination of existing community stressors, aging infrastructure, and a powerful natural hazard. In many ways, the devastation of Hurricane Katrina was a turning point for understanding and managing disasters, as well as related plan making and policy formulation. It brought the phrase "community resilience" into the lexicon of disaster management. Building and Measuring Community Resilience: Actions for Communities and the Gulf Research Program summarizes the existing portfolio of relevant or related resilience measurement efforts and notes gaps and challenges associated with them. It describes how some communities build and measure resilience and offers four key actions that communities could take to build and measure their resilience in order to address gaps identified in current community resilience measurement efforts. This report also provides recommendations to the Gulf Research Program to build and measure resilience in the Gulf of Mexico region.

Building Community Resilience to Disasters

Building Community Resilience to Disasters Book
Author : Anita Chandra,Joie Acosta,Stefanie Stern,Lori Uscher-Pines,Malcolm V. Williams
Publisher : Rand Corporation
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0833052098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Community resilience, or the sustained ability of a community to withstand and recover from adversity has become a key policy issue at federal, state, and local levels, including in the National Health Security Strategy. Because resources are limited in the wake of an emergency, it is increasingly recognized that resilience is critical to a community's ability to reduce long recovery periods after an emergency. This report provides a roadmap for federal, state, and local leaders who are developing plans to enhance community resilience for health security threats and describes options for building community resilience in key areas. Based on findings from a literature review and a series of community and regional focus groups, the authors provide a definition of community resilience in the context of national health security and a set of eight levers and five core components for building resilience. They then describe suggested activities that communities are pursuing and may want to strengthen for community resilience, and they identify challenges to implementation.

Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience

Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience Book
Author : National Research Council,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Committee on Geological and Geotechnical Engineering,Committee on Integrating Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-10-11
ISBN : 0309256143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although advances in engineering can reduce the risk of dam and levee failure, some failures will still occur. Such events cause impacts on social and physical infrastructure that extend far beyond the flood zone. Broadening dam and levee safety programs to consider community- and regional-level priorities in decision making can help reduce the risk of, and increase community resilience to, potential dam and levee failures. Collaboration between dam and levee safety professionals at all levels, persons and property owners at direct risk, members of the wider economy, and the social and environmental networks in a community would allow all stakeholders to understand risks, shared needs, and opportunities, and make more informed decisions related to dam and levee infrastructure and community resilience. Dam and Levee Safety and Community Resilience: A Vision for Future Practice explains that fundamental shifts in safety culture will be necessary to integrate the concepts of resilience into dam and levee safety programs.

Community Resilience in Natural Disasters

Community Resilience in Natural Disasters Book
Author : Anouk Ride,Diane Bretherton
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2011-09-26
ISBN : 0230339328
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Told through the voices of local community leaders, this book analyzes how communities respond to natural disasters and how outsiders contribute positively - or negatively - to their response, promoting debate on the role of aid and the media in times of crisis.

Risk Communication and Community Resilience

Risk Communication and Community Resilience Book
Author : Bandana Kar,David M. Cochran
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 1351614894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Risk communication is crucial to building community resilience and reducing risk from extreme events. True community resilience involves accurate and timely dissemination of risk information to stakeholders. This book examines the policy and science of risk communication in the digital era. Themes include public awareness of risk and public participation in risk communication and resilience building. The first half of the book focuses on conceptual frameworks, components, and the role of citizens in risk communication. The second half examines the role of risk communication in resilience building and provides an overview of some of its challenges in the era of social media. This book looks at the effectiveness of risk communication in socially and culturally diverse communities in the developed and developing world. The interdisciplinary approach bridges academic research and applied policy action. Contributions from Latin America and Asia provide insight into global risk communication at a time when digital technologies have rapidly transformed conventional communication approaches. This book will be of critical interest to policy makers, academicians, and researchers, and will be a valuable reference source for university courses that focus on emergency management, risk communication, and resilience.

Measures of Community Resilience for Local Decision Makers

Measures of Community Resilience for Local Decision Makers Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Policy and Global Affairs,Resilient America Roundtable,Committee on Processes and Objectives for Community Measures of Resilience
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-03-16
ISBN : 030939189X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2012 National Research Council report, Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative, identified the development and use of resilience measures as critical to building resilient communities. Although many kinds of resilience measures and measuring tools have and continue to be developed, very few communities consistently use them as part of their planning or resilience building efforts. Since federal or top-down programs to build resilience often yield mixed results, bottom-up approaches are needed, but are often difficult for communities to implement alone. A major challenge for many communities in developing their own approaches to resilience measures is identifying a starting point and defining the process. Other challenges include lack of political will due to competing priorities and limited resources, finite time and staff to devote to developing resilience measures, lack of data availability and/or inadequate data sharing among community stakeholders, and a limited understanding of hazards and/or risks. Building on existing work, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine organized a workshop in July 2015 to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and information about ways to advance the development and implementation of resilience measures by and within diverse communities. Participants worked to gain a better understanding of the challenges these communities face in the pursuit of resilience and determine whether the approach used during this workshop can help guide communities in their efforts to build their own measures of resilience. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

The Community Resilience Reader

The Community Resilience Reader Book
Author : Daniel Lerch
Publisher : Island Press
Release : 2017-10-12
ISBN : 1610918606
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

National and global efforts have failed to stop climate change, transition from fossil fuels, and reduce inequality. We must now confront these and other increasingly complex problems by building resilience at the community level. The Community Resilience Reader combines a fresh look at the challenges humanity faces in the 21st century, the essential tools of resilience science, and the wisdom of activists, scholars, and analysts working on the ground to present a new vision for creating resilience. It shows that resilience is a process, not a goal; how it requires learning to adapt but also preparing to transform; and that it starts and ends with the people living in a community. From Post Carbon Institute, the producers of the award-winning The Post Carbon Reader, The Community Resilience Reader is a valuable resource for community leaders, college students, and concerned citizens.

Community Resilience under the Impact of Urbanisation and Climate Change

Community Resilience under the Impact of Urbanisation and Climate Change Book
Author : Chirisa, Innocent,Mabeza, Christopher
Publisher : Langaa RPCIG
Release : 2019-01-06
ISBN : 9956550051
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the world today faces messy problems, what in some circles has been called global weirding, the term resilience has taken centre stage. This is crunch time –as we grapple with the negative effects of both climate change and urbanisation. Some commentators have compared the huge problems we face today to Oom Schalk’s proverbial leopard waiting for us in the withaak’s shade. Do we endlessly count Oom Schalk’s proverbial leopard’s spots? This is the question posed by a stellar cast of academics, researchers, and experts whose contributions in this text is a rallying cry for action to build resilience to the challenging impact of urbanisation and climate change. To that end, this volume gives hope about the potential for human agency. Our challenge however, is to re-examine our values, to change our conservation conversation and return to a more wise and holistic understanding of ourselves and our place in the Universe. Perhaps, then only can the obituaries on our demise stay locked in the drawer.

Innovative Approaches to Individual and Community Resilience

Innovative Approaches to Individual and Community Resilience Book
Author : Darlyne G. Nemeth,Traci W. Olivier
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 0128039132
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Resilience is a biopsychosocial phenomenon—it encompasses personal, interpersonal, and community experiences. Innovative Approaches to Individual and Community Resilience reviews the current research and details differing levels and approaches to resilience. On a microlevel, this book specifies how to develop appropriate coping strategies, maintain cognitive flexibility, and identify, label, and share feelings before acting upon them. On a macrolevel, it defines and explores environmental resilience, social resilience, community resilience, and family resilience. It focuses on the importance of family, community, and spiritual bonds, in order to share experiences and enhance posttraumatic healing. The need to be firmly grounded in today, while learning from yesterday, in order to cope with the requirements of tomorrow is the primary emphasis of this book. Explores aspects of resilience within the individual, community, and environment Outlines critical factors that allow people to not just survive, but to thrive Addresses the crucial role of the family in the development of resilience Reflects upon the helping professional's need to achieve and maintain resilience

Developing a Framework for Measuring Community Resilience

Developing a Framework for Measuring Community Resilience Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Resilient America Roundtable,Committee on Measures of Community Resilience: From Lessons Learned to Lessons Applied
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2015-03-26
ISBN : 0309347416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The 2012 National Research Council report Disaster Resilience: A National Imperative highlighted the challenges of increasing national resilience in the United States. One finding of the report was that "without numerical means of assessing resilience, it would be impossible to identify the priority needs for improvement, to monitor changes, to show that resilience had improved, or to compare the benefits of increasing resilience with the associated costs." Although measuring resilience is a challenge, metrics and indicators to evaluate progress, and the data necessary to establish the metric, are critical for helping communities to clarify and formalize what the concept of resilience means for them, and to support efforts to develop and prioritize resilience investments. One of the recommendations from the 2012 report stated that government entities at federal, state, and local levels and professional organizations should partner to help develop a framework for communities to adapt to their circumstances and begin to track their progress toward increasing resilience. To build upon this recommendation and begin to help communities formulate such a framework, the Resilient America Roundtable of the National Academies convened the workshop Measures of Community Resilience: From Lessons Learned to Lessons Applied on September 5, 2014 in Washington, D.C. The workshop's overarching objective was to begin to develop a framework of measures and indicators that could support community efforts to increase their resilience. The framework will be further developed through feedback and testing in pilot and other partner communities that are working with the Resilient America Roundtable. This report is a summary of the one-day workshop, which consisted of a keynote address and two panel sessions in the morning and afternoon breakout sessions that began the discussion on how to develop a framework of resilience measures.

Community Resilience to Sectarian Violence in Baghdad

Community Resilience to Sectarian Violence in Baghdad Book
Author : Ami C. Carpenter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-10-04
ISBN : 1461488125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The recent conflict in Iraq evolved from an insurgency against the interim U.S. led government (the Coalition Provisional Authority or CPA) into a sectarian civil war. Violence became widespread, especially in areas of Baghdad City such as Sadr City, Al Amiriyah, and Al Adhamiya. However, a number of multiethnic neighborhoods in Baghdad successfully prevented sectarian attitudes and behaviors from taking hold. Four communities stand out in their self-organization to prevent the escalation of violence. This book looks at what makes these communities different from other areas within Baghdad. In-depth interviews in Sunni-dominant, Shia-dominant and Mixed neighborhoods generated a few key insights about conflict-resilience, or the capacity to prevent structural changes associated with conflict escalation. Key factors turned out to be the organization of non-sectarian self-defense groups, place attachment, collective efficacy, active intervention to de-escalate tensions, and also the presence of local religious leaders who forbid sectarian attacks. The continuity or strength of interpersonal relationships supported by the integrated physical structure of these neighborhoods and internal versus tribal conflict resolution mechanisms played a role as well. This volume examines the characteristics of the communities that have successfully prevented the rise of violence, and how they are able to maintain qualities of resilience to violent conflict.

Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience

Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience Book
Author : Diana Scharff Peterson,Dilip K. Das
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-02
ISBN : 1315351471
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Inspired by the dialogue between practitioners and academics of nearly thirty countries, this edited volume includes updated articles on global crime prevention initiatives and best practices in building community resilience presented at the International Police Executive Symposium’s (IPES) 25th annual meeting in Sofia, Bulgaria in 2014. A new book in the highly-regarded IPES Co-Publications series, Global Perspectives on Crime Prevention and Community Resilience offers strategies for crime and violence prevention and community initiatives for crime reduction, while promoting current best practices for police effectiveness, safety, and professionalism. The book includes eighteen chapters from police leaders, practitioners and academics around the world in efforts to demonstrate effective strategies for the prevention of crime and innovative techniques in assisting crime victims. In an increasingly global reality, this text gives voice to valuable members of the international policing community.

Community Resilience Universities and Engaged Research for Today s World

Community Resilience  Universities and Engaged Research for Today   s World Book
Author : W. Madsen,L. Costigan,S. McNicol,Roland Turner
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-01
ISBN : 1137481056
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The increasing development of partnerships between universities and communities allows the research of academics to become engaged with those around them. This book highlights several case studies from a range of disciplines, such as psychology, social work and education to explore how these mutually beneficial relationships function.