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Commonsense Reasoning

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Commonsense Reasoning

Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Erik T. Mueller
Publisher : Morgan Kaufmann
Release : 2014-10-16
ISBN : 9780128014165
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To endow computers with common sense is one of the major long-term goals of artificial intelligence research. One approach to this problem is to formalize commonsense reasoning using mathematical logic. Commonsense Reasoning: An Event Calculus Based Approach is a detailed, high-level reference on logic-based commonsense reasoning. It uses the event calculus, a highly powerful and usable tool for commonsense reasoning, which Erik Mueller demonstrates as the most effective tool for the broadest range of applications. He provides an up-to-date work promoting the use of the event calculus for commonsense reasoning, and bringing into one place information scattered across many books and papers. Mueller shares the knowledge gained in using the event calculus and extends the literature with detailed event calculus solutions that span many areas of the commonsense world. The Second Edition features new chapters on commonsense reasoning using unstructured information including the Watson system, commonsense reasoning using answer set programming, and techniques for acquisition of commonsense knowledge including crowdsourcing. Drawing upon years of practical experience and using numerous examples and illustrative applications Erik Mueller shows you the keys to mastering commonsense reasoning. You'll be able to: Understand techniques for automated commonsense reasoning Incorporate commonsense reasoning into software solutions Acquire a broad understanding of the field of commonsense reasoning. Gain comprehensive knowledge of the human capacity for commonsense reasoning

Commonsense Reasoning

Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Erik T. Mueller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2010-07-26
ISBN : 9780080476612
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To endow computers with common sense is one of the major long-term goals of Artificial Intelligence research. One approach to this problem is to formalize commonsense reasoning using mathematical logic. Commonsense Reasoning is a detailed, high-level reference on logic-based commonsense reasoning. It uses the event calculus, a highly powerful and usable tool for commonsense reasoning, which Erik T. Mueller demonstrates as the most effective tool for the broadest range of applications. He provides an up-to-date work promoting the use of the event calculus for commonsense reasoning, and bringing into one place information scattered across many books and papers. Mueller shares the knowledge gained in using the event calculus and extends the literature with detailed event calculus solutions to problems that span many areas of the commonsense world. Covers key areas of commonsense reasoning including action, change, defaults, space, and mental states. The first full book on commonsense reasoning to use the event calculus. Contextualizes the event calculus within the framework of commonsense reasoning, introducing the event calculus as the best method overall. Focuses on how to use the event calculus formalism to perform commonsense reasoning, while existing papers and books examine the formalisms themselves. Includes fully worked out proofs and circumscriptions for every example.

Commonsense Reasoning 2nd Edition

Commonsense Reasoning  2nd Edition Book
Author : Erik Mueller
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

To endow computers with common sense is one of the major long-term goals of artificial intelligence research. One approach to this problem is to formalize commonsense reasoning using mathematical logic. Commonsense Reasoning: An Event Calculus Based Approach is a detailed, high-level reference on logic-based commonsense reasoning. It uses the event calculus, a highly powerful and usable tool for commonsense reasoning, which Erik Mueller demonstrates as the most effective tool for the broadest range of applications. He provides an up-to-date work promoting the use of the event calculus for commonsense reasoning, and bringing into one place information scattered across many books and papers. Mueller shares the knowledge gained in using the event calculus and extends the literature with detailed event calculus solutions that span many areas of the commonsense world. The Second Edition features new chapters on commonsense reasoning using unstructured information including the Watson system, commonsense reasoning using answer set programming, and techniques for acquisition of commonsense knowledge including crowdsourcing. Understand techniques for automated commonsense reasoning Incorporate commonsense reasoning into software solutions Acquire a broad understanding of the field of commonsense reasoning Gain comprehensive knowledge of the human capacity for commonsense reasoning.

Commonsense Reasoning Via Product State Spaces

Commonsense Reasoning Via Product State Spaces Book
Author : Maricarmen Martinez
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Commonsense Reasoning Via Product State Spaces book written by Maricarmen Martinez, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Diagnostic Test Approaches to Machine Learning and Commonsense Reasoning Systems

Diagnostic Test Approaches to Machine Learning and Commonsense Reasoning Systems Book
Author : Naidenova, Xenia
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2012-07-31
ISBN : 1466619015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The consideration of symbolic machine learning algorithms as an entire class will make it possible, in the future, to generate algorithms, with the aid of some parameters, depending on the initial users' requirements and the quality of solving targeted problems in domain applications. Diagnostic Test Approaches to Machine Learning and Commonsense Reasoning Systems surveys, analyzes, and compares the most effective algorithms for mining all kinds of logical rules. Global academics and professionals in related fields have come together to create this unique knowledge-sharing resources which will serve as a forum for future collaborations.

Machine Learning Methods for Commonsense Reasoning Processes Interactive Models

Machine Learning Methods for Commonsense Reasoning Processes  Interactive Models Book
Author : Naidenova, Xenia
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2009-10-31
ISBN : 1605668117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book suggests that classification is a key to human commonsense reasoning and transforms traditional considerations of data and knowledge communications, presenting an effective classification of logical rules used in the modeling of commonsense reasoning.

On Commonsense Reasoning

On Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Mary-Anne Williams
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download On Commonsense Reasoning book written by Mary-Anne Williams, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Phenomenon of Commonsense Reasoning

The Phenomenon of Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Dimitrios Thanassas
Publisher : Ellis Horwood Limited
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Phenomenon of Commonsense Reasoning book written by Dimitrios Thanassas, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Common Sense Reasoning and Rationality

Common Sense  Reasoning  and Rationality Book
Author : Renee Elio
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2002-02-07
ISBN : 0198033680
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the eleventh volume in the New Directions in Cognitive Science series (formerly the Vancouver Studies in Cognitive Science series), this work promises superb scholarship and interdisciplinary appeal. It addresses three areas of current and varied interest: common sense, reasoning, and rationality. While common sense and rationality often have been viewed as two distinct features in a unified cognitive map, this volume offers novel, even paradoxical, views of the relationship. Comprised of outstanding essays from distinguished philosophers, it considers what constitutes human rationality, behavior, and intelligence covering diverse areas of philosophy, psychology, cognitive science, and computer science. Indeed, it is at the forefront of cognitive research and promises to be of unprecedented influence across numerous disciplines.

Common Sense Reasoning Rationality

Common Sense  Reasoning    Rationality Book
Author : Renée Elio
Publisher : Oxford University Press on Demand
Release : 2002
ISBN : 9780195147674
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While common sense and rationality often have been viewed as two distinct features in a unitifed cognitive map, this this volume offers novel, even paradoxical views of the relationship. Touching on various disciplines, it considers what constitutes human rationality, behavior, and intelligence.

Dispositional Logic and Commonsense Reasoning

Dispositional Logic and Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Lotfi Asker Zadeh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1988
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dispositional Logic and Commonsense Reasoning book written by Lotfi Asker Zadeh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Commonsense Reasoning about Social Dynamics in Text

Commonsense Reasoning about Social Dynamics in Text Book
Author : Hannah Rashkin
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When humans interact with each other (e.g., having conversations, sharing stories, etc.), they are able to reason more deeply about social implications in order to better understand each other and have more productive interactions. For example, when hearing someone else discuss a personal story, most people are able to think about the consequences of various events, anticipate the feelings of their conversation partner, and respond accordingly. Reasoning about social relationships in text is natural for most people, but is challenging for natural language processing models, in part because these relationships are often subtle, nuanced, and implicit. Training models for this type of inference is additionally challenging due to a lack of designated tasks, resources, and modelling frameworks specifically designed for this type of social commonsense reasoning. We approach this problem by designing new focused tasks and resources specifically aimed towards types of social reasoning. We also introduce new modeling frameworks to learn to integrate social inferences with downstream tasks such as story and dialogue generation. First, we investigate reasoning about social dynamics of characters and actions within stories. We create a new benchmark for reasoning about character mental state based on story events. We demonstrate that this type of reasoning is challenging even for state-of-the-art language understanding models. We also introduce plot dynamics as part of a new modeling framework for story generation. Our results indicate that tracking plot state and integrating discourse features are beneficial for writing tighter narratives. We also explore two types of reasoning about a speaker (e.g., a writer of a piece of text, a conversation partner, or so on) based on what they have said or written. We present connotation frames, a novel formalism for measuring connotative relationships implicit in the text that imply the writer’s underlying message. We create a connotation frames lexicon, which may be useful in tasks like detecting implied stance, bias, or subtle meaning intended by a writer. Lastly, we investigate reasoning about a speaker in the dialogue setting by exploring the challenges of creating empathetic responses to a conversation partner. We introduce the task of empathetic response generation and a new dataset for training dialogue models to generate responses that are more empathetic and socially aware of a conversation partner’s feelings.

Integrating Rules and Connectionism for Robust Commonsense Reasoning

Integrating Rules and Connectionism for Robust Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Ron Sun
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1994-02-21
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Along with this framework, the book proposes a set of interrelated new ideas regarding the modeling of commonsense reasoning which are highly relevant to current research in AI and cognitive science and the ongoing methodological debate.

Commonsense Reasoning in Control Systems

Commonsense Reasoning in Control Systems Book
Author : Lui Kim Man
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Commonsense Reasoning in Control Systems book written by Lui Kim Man, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Non monotonic Reasoning

Non monotonic Reasoning Book
Author : Witold Łukaszewicz
Publisher : Ellis Horwood Limited
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Non monotonic Reasoning book written by Witold Łukaszewicz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Commonsense Reasoning and Commonsense Knowledge in Artifical Intelligence

Commonsense Reasoning and Commonsense Knowledge in Artifical Intelligence Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Commonsense Reasoning and Commonsense Knowledge in Artifical Intelligence book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Logical Formalization of Commonsense Reasoning

Logical Formalization of Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Sheila McIlraith,Pavlos Peppas,Michael Thielscher
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Logical Formalization of Commonsense Reasoning book written by Sheila McIlraith,Pavlos Peppas,Michael Thielscher, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Special Issue on Commonsense Reasoning

Special Issue on Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Mary-Anne Williams
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Special Issue on Commonsense Reasoning book written by Mary-Anne Williams, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Semantic Typology and Commonsense Reasoning

Semantic Typology and Commonsense Reasoning Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Automated Commonsense Reasoning About Human Memory

Automated Commonsense Reasoning About Human Memory Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metacognitive reasoning in computational systems will be enabled by the development of formal theories that have broad coverage over mental states and processes as well as inferential competency. In this paper we evaluate the inferential competency of an existing formal theory of commonsense human memory by attempting to use it to validate the appropriateness of a commonsense memory strategy. We formulate a particular memory strategy (to create an associated obstacle) as a theorem in first-order predicate calculus. We then attempt to validate this strategy by showing that it is entailed by the axioms of the theory we evaluated. These axioms were encoded into the syntax of an automated reasoning system, which was used to automatically generate inferences and search for formal proofs.