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Commingled Human Remains

Commingled Human Remains Book
Author : Bradley Adams,John Byrd
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-06-01
ISBN : 9780124058897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Commingled human remains are encountered in situations ranging from prehistoric ossuaries to recent mass fatality incidents. Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification brings together tools from diverse sources within the forensic science community to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to resolving issues associated with commingled remains. This edition focuses on forensic situations, although some examples from prehistoric contexts are also addressed. Commingling of bones and other body parts is a major obstacle to individual identification that must be addressed before other forensic determinations or research can proceed. Regardless of the cause for the commingling (transportation disaster, terrorist attack, natural disaster, genocide, etc.) it is critical that the proper experts are involved and that the proper techniques are employed to achieve the greatest success in making identifications. Resolution of commingling nearly always requires consideration of multiple lines of evidence that cross the disciplinary lines of modern forensic science. The use of archaeology, DNA, and forensic anthropology are several areas that are critical in this process and these are core topics presented in this book. Even a relatively "simple" mass fatality event can become very complicated once body fragmentation and commingling occur. Expectations associated with all phases of the process from recovery of remains to their final identification and release to next of kin must be managed appropriately. A powerful resource for those working in the forensic sciences who need to plan for and/or address the complex challenges associated with commingled and fragmentary human remains. Written by an international group of the foremost forensic scientists presenting their research and candid experiences of dealing with commingled human remains, offering recommendations and providing "lessons learned" which can be invaluable to others who find themselves facing similar challenges Contains chapters on remains recovery, laboratory analysis, case studies, and broader topics such as mass fatality management and ethical considerations.

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains

Recovery  Analysis  and Identification of Commingled Human Remains Book
Author : Bradley J. Adams,John E. Byrd
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-02-23
ISBN : 1597453161
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Commingling of human remains presents an added challenge to all phases of the forensic process. This book brings together tools from diverse sources within forensic science to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to handling commingled remains. It details the recovery of commingled remains in the field, the use of triage in the assessment of commingling, various analytical techniques for sorting and determining the number of individuals, the role of DNA in the overall process, ethical considerations, and data management. In addition, the book includes case examples that illustrate techniques found to be successful and those that proved problematic.

Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains

Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains Book
Author : Anna J. Osterholtz,Kathryn M. Baustian,Debra L. Martin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-08-15
ISBN : 1461475600
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

​Commingled and Disarticulated Human Remains:Working Toward Improved Theory, Method, and Data brings together research that provides innovative methodologies for the analysis of commingled human remains. It has temporal and spatial breadth, with case studies coming from pre-state to historic periods, as well as from both the New and Old World. Highlights of this volume include: standardizes methods and presents best practices in the field using a case study approach demonstrates how data gathered from commingled human remains can be incorporated into the overall interpretation of a site explores best way to formulate population size, using commingled remains Field archaeologists, bioarchaeologists, academic anthropologists, forensic anthropologists, zoo archaeologists, and students of anthropology and archaeology will find this to be an invaluable resource.

Commingled Human Remains

Commingled Human Remains Book
Author : Bradley Adams,John Byrd
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-06-04
ISBN : 012405918X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Commingled human remains are encountered in situations ranging from prehistoric ossuaries to recent mass fatality incidents. Commingled Human Remains: Methods in Recovery, Analysis, and Identification brings together tools from diverse sources within the forensic science community to offer a set of comprehensive approaches to resolving issues associated with commingled remains. This edition focuses on forensic situations, although some examples from prehistoric contexts are also addressed. Commingling of bones and other body parts is a major obstacle to individual identification that must be addressed before other forensic determinations or research can proceed. Regardless of the cause for the commingling (transportation disaster, terrorist attack, natural disaster, genocide, etc.) it is critical that the proper experts are involved and that the proper techniques are employed to achieve the greatest success in making identifications. Resolution of commingling nearly always requires consideration of multiple lines of evidence that cross the disciplinary lines of modern forensic science. The use of archaeology, DNA, and forensic anthropology are several areas that are critical in this process and these are core topics presented in this book. Even a relatively “simple mass fatality event can become very complicated once body fragmentation and commingling occur. Expectations associated with all phases of the process from recovery of remains to their final identification and release to next of kin must be managed appropriately. A powerful resource for those working in the forensic sciences who need to plan for and/or address the complex challenges associated with commingled and fragmentary human remains. Written by an international group of the foremost forensic scientists presenting their research and candid experiences of dealing with commingled human remains, offering recommendations and providing "lessons learned" which can be invaluable to others who find themselves facing similar challenges Contains chapters on remains recovery, laboratory analysis, case studies, and broader topics such as mass fatality management and ethical considerations.

Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains

Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains Book
Author : Anna J. Osterholtz
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-11-05
ISBN : 3319225545
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume centers on the application of social theory to commingled remains with special focus on the cultural processes that create the assemblages as a way to better understand issues of meaning, social structure and interaction, and lived experience in the past. The importance of the application of theoretical frameworks to bioarchaeology in general has been recognized, but commingled and fragmentary assemblages require an increased theoretical focus. Too often these assemblages are still relegated to appendices; they are analytical puzzles that need the interpretive power offered by social theory. Theoretical Approaches to Analysis and Interpretation of Commingled Human Remains provides case studies that illustrate how an appropriate theoretical model can be used with commingled and fragmentary remains to add to overall site and population level interpretations of past and present peoples. Specifically, the contributions show a blending and melding of different social theories, highlighting the broad interpretive power of social theory. Contributors are drawn from both the Old and New World. Temporally, time periods from the Neolithic to historic periods are present, further widening the audience for the volume.

Osteometric Sorting of Commingled Human Remains

Osteometric Sorting of Commingled Human Remains Book
Author : JE. Byrd,BJ. Adams
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This paper describes the method of osteometric sorting. Osteometric sorting is the formal use of size and shape to sort bones from one another. The method relies heavily on measurement data and statistical models and is designed to maximize objectivity. The goal of this paper is to validate the use of osteometric sorting and to provide case examples of its utility. Selected regression models are also presented for use with osteometric sorting. We advocate this technique as one tool among many in the anthropologist's toolkit for sorting commingled skeletal remains.

Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains 2008

Recovery  Analysis  and Identification of Commingled Human Remains  2008   Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022-05-16
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Recovery Analysis and Identification of Commingled Human Remains 2008 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Pair matching of Commingled Human Remains

Pair matching of Commingled Human Remains Book
Author : Aja M. Lans
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Pair matching of Commingled Human Remains book written by Aja M. Lans, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human remains and identification

Human remains and identification Book
Author : Jean-Marc Dreyfus,Élisabeth Anstett
Publisher : Manchester University Press
Release : 2015-07-01
ISBN : 178499197X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This electronic version has been made available under a Creative Commons (BY-NC-ND) open access license. Human remains and identification presents a pioneering investigation into the practices and methodologies used in the search for and exhumation of dead bodies resulting from mass violence. Previously absent from forensic debate, social scientists and historians here confront historical and contemporary exhumations with the application of social context to create an innovative and interdisciplinary dialogue, enlightening the political, social and legal aspects of mass crime and its aftermaths. Through a ground-breaking selection of international case studies, Human remains and identification argues that the emergence of new technologies to facilitate the identification of dead bodies has led to a "forensic turn", normalising exhumations as a method of dealing with human remains en masse. However, are these exhumations always made for legitimate reasons? Multidisciplinary in scope, this book will appeal to readers interested in understanding this crucial phase of mass violence's aftermath, including researchers in history, anthropology, sociology, forensic science, law, politics and modern warfare. The research program leading to this publication has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) / ERC Grant Agreement n° 283-617.

Comparing Methodologies for Documenting Commingled and Fragmentary Human Remains

Comparing Methodologies for Documenting Commingled and Fragmentary Human Remains Book
Author : Emily Sussman
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Commingled and fragmentary human remains are a common occurrence in archaeological and forensic contexts, but only a few methods have been developed to record these complex assemblages. Conventional inventory methods, such as the Standards for Data Collection from Human Skeletal Remains, referred to from here on out as Standards, document the presence and completeness of specific portions of skeletal elements and the minimum number of individuals (MNI) represented by each bone portion. This rather subjective method for MNI calculation does not provide much transparency for future researchers using these data. However, new techniques for recording and analyzing commingled assemblages and for MNI calculation have been developed using zooarchaeological zonation methods, which document specific features present rather than more general measures of completeness. This study identifies any significant differences in MNI calculation results using Standards versus Osterholtz's methods, through reanalysis of the assemblage of fragmented, commingled remains recovered during the 2012 season of the Petra North Ridge Project (preliminary MNI = 30). The MNI based on Osterholtz's visual-based system was notably different from that using Standards. Overall, the better metadata in Osterholtz's system suggests that Osterholtz's feature-based system should be the choice for individuals working with commingled and fragmentary remains.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology Book
Author : Soren Blau,Douglas H. Ubelaker
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-07-28
ISBN : 1315528924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With contributions from 70 experienced practitioners from around the world, this second edition of the authoritative Handbook of Forensic Archaeology and Anthropology provides a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. The book weaves together the discipline’s historical development; current field methods for analyzing crime, natural disasters, and human atrocities; an array of laboratory techniques; key case studies involving legal, professional, and ethical issues; and ideas about the future of forensic work--all from a global perspective. This fully revised second edition expands the geographic representation of the first edition by including chapters from practitioners in South Africa and Colombia, and adds exciting new chapters on the International Commission on Missing Persons and on forensic work being done to identify victims of the Battle of Fromelles during World War I. The Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology provides an updated perspective of the disciplines of forensic archaeology and anthropology.

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains

The Analysis of Burned Human Remains Book
Author : Christopher W. Schmidt,Steven A. Symes
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-10-10
ISBN : 008055928X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This unique reference provides a primary source for osteologists and the medical/legal community for the understanding of burned bone remains in forensic or archaeological contexts. It describes in detail the changes in human bone and soft tissues as a body burns at both the chemical and gross levels and provides an overview of the current procedures in burned bone study. Case studies in forensic and archaeological settings aid those interested in the analysis of burned human bodies, from death scene investigators, to biological anthropologists looking at the recent or ancient dead. Includes the diagnostic patterning of color changes that give insight to the severity of burning, the positioning of the body, and presence (or absence) of soft tissues during the burning event Chapters on bones and teeth give step-by-step recommendations for how to study and recognize burned hard tissues

Metric Pair matching of Calcanei in Commingled Human Remains Cases

Metric Pair matching of Calcanei in Commingled Human Remains Cases Book
Author : Kayla Larissa Orr
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Metric Pair matching of Calcanei in Commingled Human Remains Cases book written by Kayla Larissa Orr, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Taphonomy of Human Remains

Taphonomy of Human Remains Book
Author : Eline M. J. Schotsmans,Nicholas Márquez-Grant,Shari L. Forbes
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-04-17
ISBN : 1118953320
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A truly interdisciplinary approach to this core subject within Forensic Science Combines essential theory with practical crime scene work Includes case studies Applicable to all time periods so has relevance for conventional archaeology, prehistory and anthropology Combines points of view from both established practitioners and young researchers to ensure relevance

Figurine Makers of Prehistoric Cyprus

Figurine Makers of Prehistoric Cyprus Book
Author : Edgar Peltenburg,Diane Bolger,Lindy Crewe
Publisher : Oxbow Books
Release : 2019-07-31
ISBN : 1789250226
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Chalcolithic period in Cyprus has been known since Porphyrios Dikaios’ excavations at Erimi in the 1930s and through the appearance in the antiquities market of illicitly acquired anthropomorphic cruciform figures, often manufactured from picrolite, a soft blue-green stone. The excavations of the settlement and cemetery at Souskiou Laona reported on in this volume paint a very different picture of life on the island during the late 4th and early 3rd millennia BC. Burial practices at other known sites are generally single inhumations in intramural pit graves, only rarely equipped with artifacts. At Souskiou, multiple inhumations were interred in deep rock-cut tombs clustered in extra-mural cemeteries. Although the sites were also subjected to extensive looting, excavations have revealed complex multi-stage burial practices with arrangements of disarticulated and articulated burials accompanied by a rich variety of grave goods. Chief among these are a multitude of cruciform figurines and pendants. This unusual treatment of the dead, which has not been recorded elsewhere in Cyprus, shifts the focus from the individual to the communal, and provides evidence for significant changes involving kinship group links to common ancestors. Excavations at the Laona settlement have furnished evidence suggesting that it functioned as a specialised center for the procurement and manufacture of picrolite during its early phase. The subsequent decline of picrolite production and the earliest known occurrence of new types of ornaments, such as faience beads and copper spiral pendants, attest to important changes involving the transformation of personal and social identities during the first centuries of the 3rd millennium BC, a topic that forms a central theme of this final report on the site.

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology

Handbook of Forensic Anthropology and Archaeology Book
Author : Joshua Blau
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-06-03
ISBN : 1315427761
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the last 10 years interest in the disciplines of forensic anthropology and archaeology has exploded. In order to provide archaeologists and their students with a reliable understanding of these disciplines, this authoritative volume draws contributions from fifty experienced practitioners from around the world to offer a solid foundation in both the practical and ethical components of forensic work. Over 40 chapters weave together historical development, current field methods in analyzing crime, natural disasters and human atrocities, an array of laboratory techniques, key case studies, legal, professional, and ethical issues, and promising future directions, all from a global perspective. This volume will be the benchmark for the understanding of anthropological and archaeological forensics for years to come.

Evaluation of the Methodology for Addressing Commingled Human Remains from the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary 1Sc42 in St Clair Alabama

Evaluation of the Methodology for Addressing Commingled Human Remains from the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary  1Sc42  in St  Clair  Alabama Book
Author : Maria Naiyana Panakhyo
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The commingling of human remains continues to be a problem encountered by bioarchaeologists and forensic anthropologists. Commingling is not a recent phenomenon. In fact, taphonomic processes and human activity have created scenarios of merged burials and interments throughout human history. Recent investigations into incidences of mass killings, accidents with multiple fatalities, and disturbed burial grounds within the past half century have encouraged researchers in the field of physical anthropology to develop new and better ways to gain information about the commingled human remains. With emerging developments in the methods used for addressing these unfortunate situations involving intermixed skeletal material, this research project sought to explore the available methods and evaluate their appropriateness when applied to a curated collection of commingled human remains. To evaluate certain established methods, this project describes the application of four separate approaches to the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary Collection (1Sc42). This collection of prehistoric Native American remains was found in northeastern Alabama, and the archaeological site from which the remains were recovered is believed to be one of the few sites demonstrating the Copena Mortuary Complex. The four methods applied to the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary Collection include a basic Minimum Number of Individuals (MNI) calculation, comparison by osteometrics, a sorting of descriptive variables, and a correlation between a mapped excavation unit and the corresponding curated skeletal remains. Results from this evaluation indicate that while each method has strengths and weaknesses when applied alone, it is only with an amalgamation of the different methods that a researcher studying commingled human remains is able to sort and separate intermixed skeletal material. The findings from this research project aid in the study of curated collections of commingled human remains and expand available information pertaining to the prehistoric Native Americans interred within the Lewis Jones Cave Ossuary. Furthermore, evaluation of these methodological approaches serves to assist in future investigations into incidences of genocide, man-made disasters, and other situations involving commingled human remains.

Human Identification Following the World Trade Center Disaster

Human Identification Following the World Trade Center Disaster Book
Author : Amy Mundorff
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study is a retrospective analysis of major management decisions, particularly those that involved anthropology, made during the World Trade Center human identification project. The objective is to understand why certain decisions were made and to access how those decisions affected the overall identification project from the perspective of increased efficiency, accuracy, and by increasing the number of identifications. Based on these results and insights, a list of recommendations is provided to help mass fatality managers better incorporate anthropological expertise into disaster victim identification projects. Data used in the study are derived from the complete World Trade Center Human Remains Data Set of 19,970 human remains recovered from Ground Zero and the Staten Island Landfill in combination with qualitative evaluations of management decision made by the author during the World Trade Center identification project from September 11, 2001 through July 2004. Particular emphasis is on subsets of the World Trade Center Human Remains Data Set related to the implementation of anthropological review programs addressing commingled remains and for DNA analysis. Results indicate that the management decision to have anthropologists perform triage in the mortuary, and the decision to implement specific review programs designed to address missed commingling, increased efficiency, accuracy, and identifications. Evidence indicates that lower limb bones from taphonomically compromised remains more reliably yield successful DNA profiles than the arms, trunk, or skull. Further, the patella and metatarsal bones yield at rates comparable to the femur and tibia and should be preferentially sampled for DNA during mass fatality identification projects. This research holds both empirical and theoretical significance. It provides the first empirically based study comparing DNA yields of different skeletal elements from a mass fatality event. It is also the first to use that information to propose disaster victim identification DNA sampling guidelines. Finally, it presents a framework for other mass fatality managers to follow in presenting critical evaluations of major management decision made during a mass fatality disaster victim identification project. These evaluations will increase the overall collective learning and contribute to future recommendations for other mass fatality managers to follow.

Identifying the Disappeared

Identifying the Disappeared Book
Author : Mara Asher Karell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Identifying the Disappeared book written by Mara Asher Karell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Remains Another Dimension

Human Remains  Another Dimension Book
Author : Tim Thompson,David Errickson
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-02-16
ISBN : 0128046732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Human Remains – Another Dimension: The Application of 3D Imaging in the Funerary Contextbrings together scattered literature on the topic, assimilating disparate pieces that relate to the novel use of non-invasive three-dimensional imaging techniques in the forensic context. All chapters are written by specialists in the field who use these types of imaging techniques within their research, bringing an engaging and comprehensive view that demonstrates the current use of 3D non-invasive imaging techniques using case studies. In addition, the advantages for using such methods, their current limitations, and possible solutions are also reviewed. Includes three dimensional imaging techniques presented from a forensics point-of-view Written by well-renowned specialists in the field Assimilates disparate pieces that relate to the novel use of non-invasive three-dimensional imaging techniques