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Oxygen Enhanced Combustion Second Edition

Oxygen Enhanced Combustion  Second Edition Book
Author : Charles E. Baukal Jr.
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-03-15
ISBN : 1439862281
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combustion technology has traditionally been dominated by air/fuel combustion. However, two developments have increased the significance of oxygen-enhanced combustion—new technologies that produce oxygen less expensively and the increased importance of environmental regulations. Advantages of oxygen-enhanced combustion include less pollutant emissions as well as increased energy efficiency and productivity. Oxygen-Enhanced Combustion, Second Edition compiles information about using oxygen to enhance industrial heating and melting processes. It integrates fundamental principles, applications, and equipment design in one volume, making it a unique resource for specialists implementing the use of oxygen in combustion systems. This second edition of the bestselling book has more than doubled in size. Extensively updated and expanded, it covers significant advances in the technology that have occurred since the publication of the first edition. What’s New in This Edition Expanded from 11 chapters to 30, with most of the existing chapters revised A broader view of oxygen-enhanced combustion, with more than 50 contributors from over 20 organizations around the world More coverage of fundamentals, including fluid flow, heat transfer, noise, flame impingement, CFD modeling, soot formation, burner design, and burner testing New chapters on applications such as flameless combustion, steel reheating, iron production, cement production, power generation, fluidized bed combustion, chemicals and petrochemicals, and diesel engines This book offers a unified, up-to-date look at important commercialized uses of oxygen-enhanced combustion in a wide range of industries. It brings together the latest knowledge to assist those researching, engineering, and implementing combustion in power plants, engines, and other applications.

Fluidized Bed Combustion

Fluidized Bed Combustion Book
Author : M. Radovanović
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1986
ISBN : 9780891164098
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fluidized Bed Combustion book written by M. Radovanović, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Applications of Turbulent and Multi Phase Combustion

Applications of Turbulent and Multi Phase Combustion Book
Author : Kenneth Kuan-yun Kuo,Ragini Acharya
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-05-01
ISBN : 1118127560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book is the second of two follow-on volumes to the author's bestseller, Principles of Combustion, Second Edition published in 2005. This text focuses on applications, with coverage not available elsewhere, including solid propellants, burning behavior, and chemical boundary layer flows. Kuo provides a multiphase systems approach beginning with more common topics and moving to higher level applications. As with Kuo's earlier book, large numbers of examples and problems and a solutions manual are provided"--Provided by publisher.

Oxyfuel Combustion for Clean Energy Applications

Oxyfuel Combustion for Clean Energy Applications Book
Author : Medhat A. Nemitallah,Mohamed A. Habib,Hassan M. Badr
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-11
ISBN : 3030105881
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims to be the reference book in the area of oxyfuel combustion, covering the fundamentals, design considerations and current challenges in the field. Its first part provides an overview of the greenhouse gas emission problem and the current carbon capture and sequestration technologies. The second part introduces oxy-fuel combustion technologies with emphasis on system efficiency, combustion and emission characteristics, applications and related challenges. The third part focuses on the recent developments in ion transport membranes and their performance in both oxygen separation units and oxygen transport reactors (OTRs). The fourth part presents novel approaches for clean combustion in gas turbines and boilers. Computational modelling and optimization of combustion in gas turbine combustors and boiler furnaces are presented in the fifth part with some numerical results and detailed analyses.

Theory of Solid Propellant Nonsteady Combustion

Theory of Solid Propellant Nonsteady Combustion Book
Author : Vasily B. Novozhilov,Boris V. Novozhilov
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2020-08-21
ISBN : 1119525640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite significant developments and widespread theoretical and practical interest in the area of Solid-Propellant Nonsteady Combustion for the last fifty years, a comprehensive and authoritative text on the subject has not been available. Theory of Solid-Propellant Nonsteady Combustion fills this gap by summarizing theoretical approaches to the problem within the framework of the Zeldovich-Novozhilov (ZN-) theory. This book contains equations governing unsteady combustion and applies them systematically to a wide range of problems of practical interest. Theory conclusions are validated, as much as possible, against available experimental data. Theory of Solid-Propellant Nonsteady Combustion provides an accurate up-to-date account and perspectives on the subject and is also accompanied by a website hosting solutions to problems in the book.

Combustion Technology

Combustion Technology Book
Author : Vasudevan Raghavan
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-01
ISBN : 1119241766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive review of the fundamentals aspects of combustion, covering fundamental thermodynamics and chemical kinetics through to practical burners. It provides a detailed analysis of the basic ideas and design characteristics of burners for gaseous, liquid and solid fuels. End of chapter review questions help the reader to evaluate their understanding of both the fundamental as well as the application aspects. Furthermore, a chapter on alternative renewable fuels has been included to bring out the need, characteristics and usage of alternative fuels along with fossil fuels. A section on future trends in fuels and burners is also provided. Several key research articles have been cited in the text and listed in the references.

Combustion for Material Synthesis

Combustion for Material Synthesis Book
Author : Alexander S. Rogachev,Alexander S. Mukasyan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-15
ISBN : 1482239515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposes a Powerful Material-Making Tool Dedicated to the physical, chemical, and structural transformations that take place during combustion synthesis (CS) of advanced materials, Combustion for Material Synthesis analyzes the nature of solid flame phenomenon and provides readers with undisputed proof that ‘fire’ is a powerful tool used in making materials. Of interest to specialists in the field of materials engineering, this book explores the physical and chemical principles of synthesis of materials in the self-sustained combustion mode. It describes mechanisms for a variety of solid–solid and gas–solid reactions and examines structure and properties of different materials produced by CS. The authors discuss a wide range of topics, including phenomenology, theory, experimental methods and observations, as well as properties of the product synthesized and approaches for large-scale materials production using the combustion synthesis technique. They examine conventional concepts and present recent breakthroughs in the field of materials synthesis by rapid self-sustained reactions that include fabrication of different nanomaterials. They compare CS with other methods, factoring in different types of combustion processes, including processes that can occur in a vacuum, inert gas, or oxygen-free atmosphere. Covering research on topics that have been around for a while, but not widely circulated, this work: Outlines in detail both fundamental aspects of CS, including modern theoretical approaches and advanced in situ experimental methods Examines the advantages and disadvantages, achievements, and challenges remained in heterogeneous combustion used for material synthesis Explores the emergence of a new fundamental direction in material science, i.e., structural macrokinetics Details new technologies that are based on fundamental scientific discoveries and innovative scientific ideas Analyzes structure and properties of variety of CS materials, including nanomaterials Authored by world-recognized specialists in the field of combustion synthesis for advanced materials, Combustion for Material Synthesis presents the state of the art in R&D in the field of CS, focusing on the fabrication of novel materials. It is intended for researchers, engineers, and graduate students from different disciplines and is also suggested as recommended reading for materials science courses.

Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World

Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World Book
Author : Haiying Qi,Bo Zhao
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-11-19
ISBN : 3642304451
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cleaner Combustion and Sustainable World is the proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Coal Combustion which has a significant international influence. It concerns basic research on coal combustion and clean utilization, techniques and equipments of pulverized coal combustion, techniques and equipments of fluidized bed combustion, basic research and techniques of emission control, basic research and application techniques of carbon capture and storage (CCS), etc. Professor Haiying Qi and Bo Zhao both work at the Tsinghua University, China

Combustion Theory

Combustion Theory Book
Author : Forman A. Williams
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-05
ISBN : 0429973683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combustion Theory delves deeper into the science of combustion than most other texts and gives insight into combustions from a molecular and a continuum point of view. The book presents derivations of the basic equations of combustion theory and contains appendices on the background of subjects of thermodynamics, chemical kinetics, fluid dynamics, and transport processes. Diffusion flames, reactions in flows with negligible transport and the theory of pre-mixed flames are treated, as are detonation phenomena, the combustion of solid propellents, and ignition, extinction, and flamibility pehnomena.

Laser based Investigation of Gas and Solid Fuel Combustion under Oxy Fuel Atmosphere

Laser based Investigation of Gas and Solid Fuel Combustion under Oxy Fuel Atmosphere Book
Author : Sebastian Bürkle
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-03-11
ISBN : 3748107005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oxy-fuel combustion has the potential to reduce the atmospheric CO2-emissions of fossil fuel power plants by burning gaseous or solid fuels under an atmosphere of carbon dioxide and oxygen. The combustion under oxy-fuel operating conditions, however, is accompanied by major changes in the combustion behavior. The underlying chemical and physical processes are complex and highly coupled, which impedes investigations and modeling. Since tactile and most of the optical measurement techniques fail under the sensitive and simultaneously harsh environments of oxy-fuel combustion, an optical in-situ measurement system based on tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy is developed in this work. This system allows to investigate the thermochemical state of combustion gases with respect to the quantitative concentrations of multiple combustion-relevant gases and the gas temperature. In combination with a newly developed and applied measurement strategy, the system even allows for a measurement of the gas residence time distribution. To improve the measurement accuracy, multiple absorption line parameters are experimentally determined. The measurement system is applied to three oxy-fuel combustion systems. First, the thermochemical state of the laminar, non-premixed methane combustion under oxy-fuel atmosphere is studied. The turbulent, premixed combustion of the same fuel under air and two oxy-fuel atmospheres is studied in a 20 kWth swirled combustor. Measurements of the residence time distribution of fluids in the combustion chamber provide insights into mixing and transport properties of the flow. The thermochemical state reveals insights into the reaction progess and flow mixing. Co-firing of three different solid fuels in an assisting gas flame is investigated for a combined thermal power up to 40 kWth. Here, the char burnout of the particles is investigated. The thermochemical state of the combustion of pure torrefied biomass under air and oxy-fuel combustion atmosphere is investigated in a 60 kWth close-to-application facility and compared to equillibrium calculations.

The Combustion of Solid Fuels and Wastes

The Combustion of Solid Fuels and Wastes Book
Author : David Tillman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080571123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Careful organization and empirical correlations help clarify the prodigious technical information presented in this useful reference. Key Features * Written for practicing engineers, this comprehensive book supplies an overall framework of the combustion process; It connects information on specific reactions and reaction sequences with current applications and hardware; Each major group of combustion solids is evaluated; Among the many topics covered are: * Various biomass forms * The coalification process * Grate, kiln, and suspension firing * Fluidized bed combustion * Gasification of solids * The manufacturing process

Internal Combustion Engines

Internal Combustion Engines Book
Author : Institution of Mechanical Engineers
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-11-10
ISBN : 0857095064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains the papers of the Internal Combustion Engines: Performance fuel economy and emissions conference, in the IMechE bi-annual series, held on the 29th and 30th November 2011. The internal combustion engine is produced in tens of millions per year for applications as the power unit of choice in transport and other sectors. It continues to meet both needs and challenges through improvements and innovations in technology and advances from the latest research. These papers set out to meet the challenges of internal combustion engines, which are greater than ever. How can engineers reduce both CO2 emissions and the dependence on oil-derivate fossil fuels? How will they meet the future, more stringent constraints on gaseous and particulate material emissions as set by EU, North American and Japanese regulations? How will technology developments enhance performance and shape the next generation of designs? This conference looks closely at developments for personal transport applications, though many of the drivers of change apply to light and heavy duty, on and off highway, transport and other sectors. Aimed at anyone with interests in the internal combustion engine and its challenges The papers consider key questions relating to the internal combustion engine

Emissions from Continuous Combustion Systems

Emissions from Continuous Combustion Systems Book
Author : W. Cornelius
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 1468419986
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume documents the proceedings of the Symposium on Emissions from Continuous Combustion Systems that was held at the General Motors Research Laboratories, Warren, Michigan on September 27 and 28, 1971. This symposium was the fifteenth in an annual series presented by the Research Laboratories. Each symposium has covered a different technical discipline. To be selected as the theme of a symposium, the subject must be timely and of vital interest to General Motors as well as to the technical community at large. For each symposium, the practice is to solicit papers at the forefront of research from recognized authorities in the technical discipline of interest. Approximately sixty scientists and engineers from academic, government and industrial circles in this country and abroad are then invited to join about an equal number of General Motors technical personnel to discuss freely the commissioned papers. The technical portion of the meeting is supplemented by social functions at which ample time is afforded for informal exchanges of ideas amongst the participants. By such a direct interaction of a small and select group of informed participants, it is hoped to extend the boundaries of research in the selected technical field.

An Introduction to Thermodynamic Cycle Simulations for Internal Combustion Engines

An Introduction to Thermodynamic Cycle Simulations for Internal Combustion Engines Book
Author : Jerald A. Caton
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-12-14
ISBN : 1119037565
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to basic thermodynamic engine cycle simulations, and provides a substantial set of results. Key features includes comprehensive and detailed documentation of the mathematical foundations and solutions required for thermodynamic engine cycle simulations. The book includes a thorough presentation of results based on the second law of thermodynamics as well as results for advanced, high efficiency engines. Case studies that illustrate the use of engine cycle simulations are also provided.

Reduction of Atmospheric Pollution by the Application of Fluidized bed Combustion and Regeneration of Sulfur containing Additives

Reduction of Atmospheric Pollution by the Application of Fluidized bed Combustion and Regeneration of Sulfur containing Additives Book
Author : Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Engineering Division
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1973
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Reduction of Atmospheric Pollution by the Application of Fluidized bed Combustion and Regeneration of Sulfur containing Additives book written by Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Engineering Division, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Chemistry of Combustion

The Chemistry of Combustion Book
Author : E. W. Dimond
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-11-05
ISBN : 3752533064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reprint of the original, first published in 1867.

Lectures on Mathematical Combustion

Lectures on Mathematical Combustion Book
Author : John David Buckmaster,Geoffrey S. S. Ludford
Publisher : SIAM
Release : 1983-01-01
ISBN : 9781611970272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An introduction to far-reaching developments in theoretical combustion, with special emphasis on flame stability, a topic that has, to date, benefited most from the application of modern asymptotic methods. The authors provide a modern view of flame theory, and a complete description of the longstanding ignition and explosion problems, including the solutions that were made available independently by Kapila and Kassoy through activation-energy asymptotics, the main theme of this monograph.

Disposal of OMR High Boilers by Combustion

Disposal of OMR High Boilers by Combustion Book
Author : R. R. Stiens
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1961
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Disposal of OMR High Boilers by Combustion book written by R. R. Stiens, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Dynamics of Heterogeneous Combustion and Reacting Systems

Dynamics of Heterogeneous Combustion and Reacting Systems Book
Author : A. L. Kuhl,A. A. Borisov
Publisher : AIAA (American Institute of Aeronautics & Astronautics)
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The four companion volumes on Dynamic Aspects of Detonations and Explosion Phenomena and Dynamics of Gaseous and Heterogeneous Combustion and Reactive Systems present 111 of the 230 papers given at the Thirteenth International Colloquium on the Dynamics of Explosions and Reactive Systems held in Nagoya, Japan. These books embrace the topics of explosions, detonations, shock phenomena, and reactive flow, as well as the gasdynamic aspects of nonsteady flow in combustion systems, the fluid mechanics aspects of combustion, and diagnostic techniques. Two of the volumes, Dynamics of Gaseous Combustion (Vol. 151) and Dynamics of Heterogeneous Combustion and Reacting Systems (Vol. 152), focus on the processes of coupling the exothermic energy release with the fluid mechanics occurring in various combination processes. The other two volumes, Dynamic Aspects of Detonations (Vol. 153) and Dynamic Aspects of Explosion Phenomena (Vol. 154), address the rate processes of energy deposition in a compressible medium and the concurrent nonsteady flow as it typically occurs in explosion phenomena.

Biomass combustion science technology and engineering

Biomass combustion science  technology and engineering Book
Author : C. Yin
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-04-04
ISBN : 0128087579
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Co-firing biomass with fossil fuels in existing power plants is an attractive option for significantly increasing renewable energy resource utilization and reducing CO2 emissions. This chapter mainly discusses three direct co-firing technologies: pulverized-fuel (PF) boilers, fluidized-bed combustion (FBC) systems, and grate-firing systems, which are employed in about 50%, 40%, and 10% of all the co-firing plants, respectively. Their basic principles, process technologies, advantages, and limitations are presented, followed by a brief comparison of these technologies when applied to biomass co-firing. This chapter also briefly introduces indirect co-firing and parallel co-firing and their application status.