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Lean Combustion

Lean Combustion Book
Author : Derek Dunn-Rankin
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 9780080550527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combustion under sufficiently fuel-lean conditions can have the desirable attributes of high efficiency and low emissions, this being particularly important in light of recent and rapid increases in the cost of fossil fuels and concerns over the links between combustion and global climate change. Lean Combustion is an eminently authoritative, reference work on the latest advances in lean combustion technology and systems. It will offer engineers working on combustion equipment and systems both the fundamentals and the latest developments in more efficient fuel usage and in much-sought-after reductions of undesirable emissions, while still achieving desired power output and performance. This volume brings together research and design of lean combustion systems across the technology spectrum in order to explore the state-of-the-art in lean combustion and its role in meeting current and future demands on combustion systems. Readers will learn about advances in the understanding of ultra lean fuel mixtures and how new types of burners and approaches to managing heat flow can reduce problems often found with lean combustion such as slow, difficult ignition and frequent flame extinction. The book will also offer abundant references and examples of recent real-world applications. Covers all major recent developments in lean combustion science and technology, with new applications in both traditional combustion schemes as well as such novel uses as highly preheated and hydrogen-fueled systems Offers techniques for overcoming difficult ignition problems and flame extinction with lean fuel mixtures Covers new developments in lean combustion using high levels of pre-heat and heat re-circulating burners, as well as the active control of lean combustion instabilities

Combustion for Material Synthesis

Combustion for Material Synthesis Book
Author : Alexander S. Rogachev,Alexander S. Mukasyan
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-12-15
ISBN : 1482239515
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposes a Powerful Material-Making Tool Dedicated to the physical, chemical, and structural transformations that take place during combustion synthesis (CS) of advanced materials, Combustion for Material Synthesis analyzes the nature of solid flame phenomenon and provides readers with undisputed proof that ‘fire’ is a powerful tool used in making materials. Of interest to specialists in the field of materials engineering, this book explores the physical and chemical principles of synthesis of materials in the self-sustained combustion mode. It describes mechanisms for a variety of solid–solid and gas–solid reactions and examines structure and properties of different materials produced by CS. The authors discuss a wide range of topics, including phenomenology, theory, experimental methods and observations, as well as properties of the product synthesized and approaches for large-scale materials production using the combustion synthesis technique. They examine conventional concepts and present recent breakthroughs in the field of materials synthesis by rapid self-sustained reactions that include fabrication of different nanomaterials. They compare CS with other methods, factoring in different types of combustion processes, including processes that can occur in a vacuum, inert gas, or oxygen-free atmosphere. Covering research on topics that have been around for a while, but not widely circulated, this work: Outlines in detail both fundamental aspects of CS, including modern theoretical approaches and advanced in situ experimental methods Examines the advantages and disadvantages, achievements, and challenges remained in heterogeneous combustion used for material synthesis Explores the emergence of a new fundamental direction in material science, i.e., structural macrokinetics Details new technologies that are based on fundamental scientific discoveries and innovative scientific ideas Analyzes structure and properties of variety of CS materials, including nanomaterials Authored by world-recognized specialists in the field of combustion synthesis for advanced materials, Combustion for Material Synthesis presents the state of the art in R&D in the field of CS, focusing on the fabrication of novel materials. It is intended for researchers, engineers, and graduate students from different disciplines and is also suggested as recommended reading for materials science courses.

Combustion Physics

Combustion Physics Book
Author : Chung K. Law
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2010-08-23
ISBN : 1139459244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This graduate-level 2006 text incorporates these advances in a comprehensive treatment of the fundamental principles of combustion physics. The presentation emphasises analytical proficiency and physical insight, with the former achieved through complete, though abbreviated, derivations at different levels of rigor, and the latter through physical interpretations of analytical solutions, experimental observations, and computational simulations. Exercises are mostly derivative in nature in order to further strengthen the student's mastery of the theory. Implications of the fundamental knowledge gained herein on practical phenomena are discussed whenever appropriate. These distinguishing features provide a solid foundation for an academic program in combustion science and engineering.

Internal Combustion Engines

Internal Combustion Engines Book
Author : Colin R. Ferguson,Allan T. Kirkpatrick
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-05-11
ISBN : 1118533313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the publication of the Second Edition in 2001, there have been considerable advances and developments in the field of internal combustion engines. These include the increased importance of biofuels, new internal combustion processes, more stringent emissions requirements and characterization, and more detailed engine performance modeling, instrumentation, and control. There have also been changes in the instructional methodologies used in the applied thermal sciences that require inclusion in a new edition. These methodologies suggest that an increased focus on applications, examples, problem-based learning, and computation will have a positive effect on learning of the material, both at the novice student, and practicing engineer level. This Third Edition mirrors its predecessor with additional tables, illustrations, photographs, examples, and problems/solutions. All of the software is ‘open source’, so that readers can see how the computations are performed. In addition to additional java applets, there is companion Matlab code, which has become a default computational tool in most mechanical engineering programs.

High Temperature Air Combustion

High Temperature Air Combustion Book
Author : Hiroshi Tsuji,Ashwani K. Gupta,Toshiaki Hasegawa,Masashi Katsuki,Ken Kishimoto,Mitsunobu Morita
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2002-12-03
ISBN : 1420041037
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Maximize efficiency and minimize pollution: the breakthrough technology of high temperature air combustion (HiTAC) holds the potential to overcome the limitations of conventional combustion and allow engineers to finally meet this long-standing imperative. Research has shown that HiTAC technology can provide simultaneous reduction of CO2 and nitric oxide emissions and reduce energy consumption for a specific process or requirement. High Temperature Air Combustion: From Energy Conservation to Pollution Reduction provides the first comprehensive exposition of the principles and practice of HiTAC. With a careful balance of theory and practice, it reviews the historical background, clearly describes HiTAC combustion phenomena, and shows how to simulate and apply the technology for significant energy savings, reduced equipment size, and lower emissions. It offers design guidelines for high performance industrial furnaces, presents field trials of practical furnaces, and explores potential applications of HiTAC in other fields, including the conversion of solid waste fuels to cleaner fuels, stationary gas turbine engines, internal combustion engines, and other advanced energy-to-power conversion systems. Developed through an intensive research project sponsored by the Japanese government, HiTAC now promises to revolutionize our paradigm for using all kinds of fossil, alternative, waste, and derived fuels for energy conversion and utilization in industry. This book is your opportunity to understand its principles, learn about the technology, and begin to use it to the benefit of your application, your company, and the environment.

Lean Combustion

Lean Combustion Book
Author : Derek Dunn-Rankin,Peter Therkelsen
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-07-06
ISBN : 9780128045572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lean Combustion: Technology and Control, Second Edition outlines and explains the latest advances in lean combustion technology and systems. Combustion under sufficiently fuel-lean conditions can have the desirable attributes of high efficiency and low emissions. The book offers readers both the fundamentals and latest developments in how lean burn (broadly defined) can increase fuel economy and decrease emissions, while still achieving desired power output and performance. This volume brings together research and design of lean combustion systems across the technology spectrum in order to explore the state-of-the-art in lean combustion. Readers will learn about advances in the understanding of ultra-lean fuel mixtures and how new types of burners and approaches to managing heat flow can reduce problems often found with lean combustion (such as slow, difficult ignition and frequent flame extinction). This book offers abundant references and examples of real-world applications. New to this edition are significantly revised chapters on IC engines and stability/oscillations, and new case studies and examples. Written by a team of experts, this contributed reference book aims to teach its reader to maximize efficiency and minimize both economic and environmental costs. Presents a comprehensive collection of lean burn technology across potential applications, allowing readers to compare and contrast similarities and differences Provides an extensive update on IC engines including compression ignition (diesel), spark ignition, and homogeneous charge compression ignition (HCCI) Includes an extensive revision to the Stability/Oscillations chapter Includes use of alternative fuels such as biogas and hydrogen for relevant technologies Covers new developments in lean combustion using high levels of pre-heat and heat recirculating burners, as well as the active control of lean combustion instabilities

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMBUSTION

FUNDAMENTALS OF COMBUSTION Book
Author : D. P. Mishra
Publisher : PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
Release : 2007-12-19
ISBN : 8120333489
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Designed for both undergraduate and postgraduate students of mechanical, aerospace, chemical and metallurgical engineering, this compact and well-knitted textbook provides a sound conceptual basis in fundamentals of combustion processes, highlighting the basic principles of natural laws. In the initial part of the book, chemical thermodynamics, kinetics, and conservation equations are reviewed extensively with a view to preparing students to assimilate quickly intricate aspects of combustion covered in later chapters. Subsequently, the book provides extensive treatments of ‘pre-mixed laminar flame’, and ‘gaseous diffusion flame’, emphasizing the practical aspects of these flames. Besides, liquid droplet combustion under quiescent and convective environment is covered in the book. Simplified analysis of spray combustion is carried out which can be used as a design tool. An extensive treatment on the solid fuel combustion is also included. Emission combustion systems, and how to control emission from them using the latest techniques, constitute the subject matter of the final chapter. Appropriate examples are provided throughout to foster better understanding of the concepts discussed. Chapter-end review questions and problems are included to reinforce the learning process of students.

Experimental Combustion

Experimental Combustion Book
Author : D. P. Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 1466517352
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fulfilling the need for a classical approach, Experimental Combustion: An Introduction begins with an overview of the key aspects of combustion—including chemical kinetics, premixed flame, diffusion flame, and liquid droplet combustion—followed by a discussion of the general elements of measurement systems and data acquisition and analysis. In addition to these aspects, thermal flow measurements, gas composition measurements, and optical combustion diagnostics are covered extensively. Building upon this foundation in the fundamentals, the text addresses measurements, instruments, analyses, and diagnostics specific to combustion experiments, as well as: Describes the construction, working principles, application areas, and limitations of the necessary instruments for combustion systems Familiarizes the reader with the procedure for uncertainty analysis in combustion experiments Discusses advanced optical techniques, namely particle image velocimetry (PIV), laser Doppler anemometry (LDA), and planar laser-induced fluorescence (PLIF) methods From stoichiometry to smoke meters and statistical analysis, Experimental Combustion: An Introduction provides a solid understanding of the underlying concepts and measurement tools required for the execution and interpretation of practical combustion experiments.

Simulating Combustion

Simulating Combustion Book
Author : Günter Merker,Christian Schwarz,Gunnar Stiesch,Frank Otto
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2005-10-20
ISBN : 9783540251613
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The numerical simulation of combustion processes in internal combustion engines, including also the formation of pollutants, has become increasingly important in the recent years, and today the simulation of those processes has already become an indispensable tool when - veloping new combustion concepts. While pure thermodynamic models are well-established tools that are in use for the simulation of the transient behavior of complex systems for a long time, the phenomenological models have become more important in the recent years and have also been implemented in these simulation programs. In contrast to this, the thr- dimensional simulation of in-cylinder combustion, i. e. the detailed, integrated and continuous simulation of the process chain injection, mixture formation, ignition, heat release due to combustion and formation of pollutants, has been significantly improved, but there is still a number of challenging problems to solve, regarding for example the exact description of s- processes like the structure of turbulence during combustion as well as the appropriate choice of the numerical grid. While chapter 2 includes a short introduction of functionality and operating modes of internal combustion engines, the basics of kinetic reactions are presented in chapter 3. In chapter 4 the physical and chemical processes taking place in the combustion chamber are described. Ch- ter 5 is about phenomenological multi-zone models, and in chapter 6 the formation of poll- ants is described.

Combustion Efficiency Tables

Combustion Efficiency Tables Book
Author : Harry Taplin
Publisher : The Fairmont Press, Inc.
Release : 1991
ISBN : 9780881731439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anyone involved in improving combustion efficiency will find the ninety-three combustion efficiency tables contained in this reference a valuable, time-saving tool. Published here for the first time, the tables are based on the ASME/ANSI Power Test Code 4.1, and are designed to systematically illustrate how different variables impact the combustion process. The vast amount of information presented is conveniently organized for easy reference, so that the user can quickly locate the information which pertains to the type of fuel, or type of boiler he is dealing with.

Combustion

Combustion Book
Author : J. Warnatz,Ulrich Maas,Robert W. Dibble
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-08-18
ISBN : 3540259929
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a rigorous treatment of the coupling of chemical reactions and fluid flow. Combustion-specific topics of chemistry and fluid mechanics are considered and tools described for the simulation of combustion processes. This edition is completely restructured. Mathematical Formulae and derivations as well as the space-consuming reaction mechanisms have been replaced from the text to appendix. A new chapter discusses the impact of combustion processes on the atmosphere, the chapter on auto-ignition is extended to combustion in Otto- and Diesel-engines, and the chapters on heterogeneous combustion and on soot formation are heavily revised.

Fundamentals of Combustion Engineering

Fundamentals of Combustion Engineering Book
Author : Achintya Mukhopadhyay,Swarnendu Sen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-02-22
ISBN : 1482233312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is an introductory text on fundamental aspects of combustion including thermodynamics, heat and mass transfer and chemical kinetics which are used to systematically derive the basic concepts of combustion. Apart from the fundamental aspects, many of the emerging topics in the field like microscale combustion, combustion dynamics, oxy-fuel combustion and combustion diagnostics are also covered in the book. This would help the beginners in the subject to get initiated to the state of the art topics. Key Features: Coverage of the essential aspects of combustion engineering suitable for both beginners and practicing professionals Topics like entropy generation, microscale combustion, combustion diagnostics, second law-based analysis exclusive to the title Balanced treatment of thermodynamics, transport phenomena and chemical kinetics Discussion on state of the art techniques in combustion diagnostics Illustrates combustion of gaseous, liquid and solid fuels along with emission of pollutants and greenhouse gases

Principles of Combustion

Principles of Combustion Book
Author : Kenneth K. Kuo
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 2005-01-28
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Publisher Description

Fuel Property Estimation and Combustion Process Characterization

Fuel Property Estimation and Combustion Process Characterization Book
Author : Yen-Hsiung Kiang
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-02-22
ISBN : 9780128134733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fuel Property Estimation and Combustion Process Characterization is a thorough tool book, which provides readers with the most up-to-date, valuable methodologies to efficiently and cost-effectively attain useful properties of all types of fuels and achieve combustion process characterizations for more efficient design and better operation. Through extensive experience in fuels and combustion, Kiang has developed equations and methodologies that can readily obtain reasonable properties for all types of fuels (including wastes and biomass), which enable him to provide guidance for designers and operators in the combustion field, in order to ensure the design, operation, and diagnostics of all types of combustion systems are of the highest quality and run at optimum efficiency. Written for professionals and researchers in the renewable energy, combustion, chemical, and mechanical engineering fields, the information in this book will equip readers with detailed guidance on how to reliably obtain properties of fuels quickly for the design, operation and diagnostics of combustion systems to achieve highly efficient combustion processes. Presents models for quick estimation of fuel properties without going through elaborate, costly and time consuming sampling and laboratory testing Offers methodologies to determine combustion process characteristics for designing and deploying combustion systems Examines the fundamentals of combustion applied to energy systems, including thermodynamics of traditional and alternative fuels combustion Presents a fuel property database for over 1400 fuels Includes descriptive application of big data technology, using dual properties analysis as an example Provides specific technical solutions for combustion, fuels and waste processing

Combustion Flames and Explosions of Gases

Combustion  Flames and Explosions of Gases Book
Author : Bernard Lewis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483258394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Combustion, Flames, and Explosions of Gases, Second Edition focuses on the processes, methodologies, and reactions involved in combustion phenomena. The publication first offers information on theoretical foundations, reaction between hydrogen and oxygen, and reaction between carbon monoxide and oxygen. Discussions focus on the fundamentals of reaction kinetics, elementary and complex reactions in gases, thermal reaction, and combined hydrogen-carbon monoxide-oxygen reaction. The text then elaborates on the reaction between hydrocarbons and oxygen and combustion waves in laminar flow. The manuscript tackles combustion waves in turbulent flow and air entrainment and burning of jets of fuel gases. Topics include effect of turbulence spectrum and turbulent wrinkling on combustion wave propagation; ignition of high-velocity streams by hot solid bodies; burners with primary air entrainment; and description of jet flames. The book then takes a look at detonation waves in gases; emission spectra, ionization, and electric-field effects in flames; and methods of flame photography and pressure recording. The publication is a valuable reference for readers interested in combustion phenomena.

Combustion

Combustion Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1954
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Combustion book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Key Factors of Combustion

Key Factors of Combustion Book
Author : Nikolai M. Rubtsov
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-13
ISBN : 331945997X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the main advances in the mechanisms of combustion processes. It focuses on the analysis of kinetic mechanisms of gas combustion processes and experimental investigation into the interrelation of kinetics and gas dynamics in gas combustion. The book is complimentary to the one previously published, The Modes of Gaseous Combustion.

The Combustion of Solid Fuels and Wastes

The Combustion of Solid Fuels and Wastes Book
Author : David Tillman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0080571123
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Careful organization and empirical correlations help clarify the prodigious technical information presented in this useful reference. Key Features * Written for practicing engineers, this comprehensive book supplies an overall framework of the combustion process; It connects information on specific reactions and reaction sequences with current applications and hardware; Each major group of combustion solids is evaluated; Among the many topics covered are: * Various biomass forms * The coalification process * Grate, kiln, and suspension firing * Fluidized bed combustion * Gasification of solids * The manufacturing process

Symposium International on Combustion

Symposium  International  on Combustion Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1981
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Symposium International on Combustion book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Thermo Gas Dynamics of Hydrogen Combustion and Explosion

Thermo Gas Dynamics of Hydrogen Combustion and Explosion Book
Author : Boris E. Gelfand,Mikhail V. Silnikov,Sergey P. Medvedev,Sergey V. Khomik
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-02-13
ISBN : 3642253512
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The potential of hydrogen as an important future energy source has generated fresh interest in the study of hydrogenous gas mixtures. Indeed, both its high caloricity and reactivity are unique properties, the latter underscoring safety considerations when handling such mixtures. The present monograph is devoted to the various aspects of hydrogen combustion and explosion processes. In addition to theoretical and phenomenological considerations, this work also collates the results of many experiments from less well known sources. The text reviews the literature in this respect, thereby providing valuable information about the thermo-gas-dynamical parameters of combustion processes for selected experimental settings in a range of scientific and industrial applications.