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Collective Intelligence For Smart Cities

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Smart Cities

Smart Cities Book
Author : Antoine Picon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-11-16
ISBN : 1119075599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As cities compete globally, the Smart City has been touted as the important new strategic driver for regeneration and growth. Smart Cities are employing information and communication technologies in the quest for sustainable economic development and the fostering of new forms of collective life. This has made the Smart City an essential focus for engineers, architects, urban designers, urban planners, and politicians, as well as businesses such as CISCO, IBM and Siemens. Despite its broad appeal, few comprehensive books have been devoted to the subject so far, and even fewer have tried to relate it to cultural issues and to assume a truly critical stance by trying to decipher its consequences on urban space and experience. This cultural and critical lens is all the more important as the Smart City is as much an ideal permeated by Utopian beliefs as a concrete process of urban transformation. This ideal possesses a strong self-fulfilling character: our cities will become ‘Smart’ because we want them to. This book opens with an examination of the technological reality on which Smart Cities are built, from the chips and sensors that enable us to monitor what happens within the infrastructure to the smartphones that connect individuals. Through these technologies, the urban space appears as activated, almost sentient. This activation generates two contrasting visions: on the one hand, a neo-cybernetic ambition to steer the city in the most efficient way; and on the other, a more bottom-up, participative approach in which empowered individuals invent new modes of cooperation. A thorough analysis of these two trends reveals them to be complementary. The Smart City of the near future will result from their mutual adjustment. In this process, urban space plays a decisive role. Smart Cities are contemporary with a ‘spatial turn’ of the digital. Based on key technological developments like geo-localisation and augmented reality, the rising importance of space explains the strategic role of mapping in the evolution of the urban experience. Throughout this exploration of some of the key dimensions of the Smart City, this book constantly moves from the technological to the spatial as well as from a critical assessment of existing experiments to speculations on the rise of a new form of collective intelligence. In the future, cities will become smarter in a much more literal way than what is often currently assumed.

Computational Collective Intelligence

Computational Collective Intelligence Book
Author : Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Richard Chbeir,Ernesto Exposito,Philippe Aniorté,Bogdan Trawiński
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-04
ISBN : 3030283747
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This two-volume set (LNAI 11683 and LNAI 11684) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 11th International Conference on Computational Collective Intelligence, ICCCI 2019, held in Hendaye France, in September 2019.The 117 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 200 submissions. The papers are grouped in topical sections on: computational collective intelligence and natural language processing; machine learning in real-world data; distributed collective intelligence for smart manufacturing; collective intelligence for science and technology; intelligent management information systems; intelligent sustainable smart cities; new trends and challenges in education: the university 4.0; intelligent processing of multimedia in web systems; and big data streaming, applications and security.

From Intelligent to Smart Cities

From Intelligent to Smart Cities Book
Author : Mark Deakin,Husam Al Waer
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-04-24
ISBN : 1136528369
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of smart cities offers a revolutionary vision of urban design for sustainability. Utilizing the intelligent application of new technologies, smart cities also incorporate considerations of social and environmental capital in order to transform the life and work of cities. This book brings together papers from leading international experts on the transition to smart cities. Drawing upon the experiences of cities in the USA, Canada and Europe, the authors describe the definitional components, critical insights and institutional means by which we can achieve truly smart cities. The resulting volume will be of interest to all involved in urban planning, architecture and engineering, as well as all interested in urban sustainability. This book was published as a special issue of Intelligent Buildings International.

Smart Cities

Smart Cities Book
Author : Germaine Halegoua
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2020-02-18
ISBN : 0262538059
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Key concepts, definitions, examples, and historical contexts for understanding smart cities, along with discussions of both drawbacks and benefits of this approach to urban problems. Over the past ten years, urban planners, technology companies, and governments have promoted smart cities with a somewhat utopian vision of urban life made knowable and manageable through data collection and analysis. Emerging smart cities have become both crucibles and showrooms for the practical application of the Internet of Things, cloud computing, and the integration of big data into everyday life. Are smart cities optimized, sustainable, digitally networked solutions to urban problems? Or are they neoliberal, corporate-controlled, undemocratic non-places? This volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series offers a concise introduction to smart cities, presenting key concepts, definitions, examples, and historical contexts, along with discussions of both the drawbacks and the benefits of this approach to urban life. After reviewing current terminology and justifications employed by technology designers, journalists, and researchers, the book describes three models for smart city development—smart-from-the-start cities, retrofitted cities, and social cities—and offers examples of each. It covers technologies and methods, including sensors, public wi-fi, big data, and smartphone apps, and discusses how developers conceive of interactions among the built environment, technological and urban infrastructures, citizens, and citizen engagement. Throughout, the author—who has studied smart cities around the world—argues that smart city developers should work more closely with local communities, recognizing their preexisting relationship to urban place and realizing the limits of technological fixes. Smartness is a means to an end: improving the quality of urban life.

Untangling Smart Cities

Untangling Smart Cities Book
Author : Mark Deakin,Luca Mora
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-15
ISBN : 0128154772
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Untangling Smart Cities: From Theory to Practice helps all key stakeholders understand the complex and often conflicting nature of smart city research, offering valuable insights for designing and implementing strategies to improve the smart city decision-making processes. The book drives the reader to a better theoretical and practical comprehension of smart city development, beginning with a thorough and systematic analysis of the research literature published to date. The book provides an in-depth understanding of the entire smart city knowledge domain, revealing a deeply rooted division in its cognitive-epistemological structure as identified by bibliometric insights. Untangling Smart Cities fills the knowledge gap between theory and practice using case study research, with empirical evidence drawn from cities considered leaders in innovative smart city practices. An invaluable contribution to the growing scientific literature, Untangling Smart Cities provides an accurate and deep understanding of the strategic principles driving smart city development. Provides clarity on the smart city concepts and strategies Provides a systematic literature analysis on the state-of-the-art of Smart Cities research using bibliometrics combined with practical application to guide smart systems implementation Offers a comprehensive and systematic analysis of Smart Cities research produced during its first three decades, driven by statistical analysis techniques Generates a strong connection between theory and practice by providing the scientific knowledge necessary to approach the complex nature of Smart Cities sourced from the analysis of actual best practices Documents five main development pathways for smart cities development, serving the needs of city managers and policy makers with concrete advice and guidance

Smart Cities and Artificial Intelligence

Smart Cities and Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Christopher Grant Kirwan,Fu Zhiyong
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-02
ISBN : 0128170247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Smart Cities and Artificial Intelligence offers a comprehensive view of how cities are evolving as smart ecosystems through the convergence of technologies incorporating machine learning and neural network capabilities, geospatial intelligence, data analytics & visualization, sensors, and smart connected objects to name a few. These recent advances in AI move us closer to developing operating systems that simulate human, machine, and environmental patterns from transportation infrastructure to communication networks. Understanding cities as real-time, living, dynamic systems coupled with new tools including generative design allows readers to plan, manage, and optimize city operations, making cities more efficient and sustainable with the ultimate goal of becoming self-regulating. Smart Cities and Artificial Intelligence provides a transdisciplinary, integrated approach, using theoretical and applied insights to examine how the digital and physical worlds are converging and how a new combination of human and machine intelligence is capable of transforming the experience of the urban environment. It provides a fresh holistic perspective on smart cities through an interconnect stream of theory, methodology, system architecture, and the application of Smart City Functions to define an integrated process of the design, planning, and implementation of smart cities.

Deeper City

Deeper City Book
Author : Joe Ravetz
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-05-19
ISBN : 131765871X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Deeper City is the first major application of new thinking on ‘deeper complexity’, applied to grand challenges such as runaway urbanization, climate change and rising inequality. The author provides a new framework for the collective intelligence – the capacity for learning and synergy – in many-layered cities, technologies, economies, ecologies and political systems. The key is in synergistic mapping and design, which can move beyond smart ‘winner-takes-all’ competition, towards wiser human systems of cooperation where ‘winners-are-all’. Forty distinct pathways ‘from smart to wise’ are mapped in Deeper City and presented for strategic action, ranging from local neighbourhoods to global finance. As an atlas of the future, and resource library of pathway mappings, this book expands on the author’s previous work, City-Region 2020. From a decade of development and testing, Deeper City combines visual thinking with a narrative style and practical guidance. This book will be indispensable for those seeking a sustainable future – students, politicians, planners, systems designers, activists, engineers and researchers. A new postscript looks at how these methods can work with respect to the 2020 pandemic, and asks, ‘How can we turn crisis towards transformation?'

Big Data and Internet of Things A Roadmap for Smart Environments

Big Data and Internet of Things  A Roadmap for Smart Environments Book
Author : Nik Bessis,Ciprian Dobre
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-03-11
ISBN : 331905029X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents current progress on challenges related to Big Data management by focusing on the particular challenges associated with context-aware data-intensive applications and services. The book is a state-of-the-art reference discussing progress made, as well as prompting future directions on the theories, practices, standards and strategies that are related to the emerging computational technologies and their association with supporting the Internet of Things advanced functioning for organizational settings including both business and e-science. Apart from inter-operable and inter-cooperative aspects, the book deals with a notable opportunity namely, the current trend in which a collectively shared and generated content is emerged from Internet end-users. Specifically, the book presents advances on managing and exploiting the vast size of data generated from within the smart environment (i.e. smart cities) towards an integrated, collective intelligence approach. The book also presents methods and practices to improve large storage infrastructures in response to increasing demands of the data intensive applications. The book contains 19 self-contained chapters that were very carefully selected based on peer review by at least two expert and independent reviewers and is organized into the three sections reflecting the general themes of interest to the IoT and Big Data communities: Section I: Foundations and Principles Section II: Advanced Models and Architectures Section III: Advanced Applications and Future Trends The book is intended for researchers interested in joining interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary works in the areas of Smart Environments, Internet of Things and various computational technologies for the purpose of an integrated collective computational intelligence approach into the Big Data era.

Smart cities

Smart cities Book
Author : Netexplo
Publisher : UNESCO Publishing
Release : 2021-05-06
ISBN : 9231003178
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Smart cities book written by Netexplo, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Smart Cities in the Post algorithmic Era

Smart Cities in the Post algorithmic Era Book
Author : Nicos Komninos,Christina Kakderi
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2019-12-27
ISBN : 1789907055
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examining the changing nature of cities in the face of smart technology, this book studies key new challenges and capabilities defined by the Internet of Things, data science, blockchain and artificial intelligence. It argues that using algorithmic logic alone for automation and optimisation in modern smart cities is not sufficient, and analyses the importance of integrating this with strong participatory governance and digital platforms for community action.

Intelligent Information and Database Systems

Intelligent Information and Database Systems Book
Author : Ngoc Thanh Nguyen,Satoshi Tojo,Le Minh Nguyen,Bogdan Trawiński
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-03
ISBN : 3319544306
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two-volume set LNAI 10191 and 10192 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems, ACIIDS 2017, held in Kanazawa, Japan, in April 2017. The total of 152 full papers accepted for publication in these proceedings was carefully reviewed and selected from 420 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: Knowledge Engineering and Semantic Web; Social Networks and Recommender Systems; Text Processing and Information Retrieval; Intelligent Database Systems; Intelligent Information Systems; Decision Support and Control Systems; Machine Learning and Data Mining; Computer Vision Techniques; Advanced Data Mining Techniques and Applications; Intelligent and Context Systems; Multiple Model Approach to Machine Learning; Applications of Data Science; Artificial Intelligence Applications for E-services; Automated Reasoning and Proving Techniques with Applications in Intelligent Systems; Collective Intelligence for Service Innovation, Technology Opportunity, E-Learning and Fuzzy Intelligent Systems; Intelligent Computer Vision Systems and Applications; Intelligent Data Analysis, Applications and Technologies for Internet of Things; Intelligent Algorithms and Brain Functions; Intelligent Systems and Algorithms in Information Sciences; IT in Biomedicine; Intelligent Technologies in the Smart Cities in the 21st Century; Analysis of Image, Video and Motion Data in Life Sciences; Modern Applications of Machine Learning for Actionable Knowledge Extraction; Mathematics of Decision Sciences and Information Science; Scalable Data Analysis in Bioinformatics and Biomedical Informatics; and Technological Perspective of Agile Transformation in IT organizations.

Biometric Data in Smart Cities

Biometric Data in Smart Cities Book
Author : Stepan Bilan,Taylor & Francis Group,Mykola Bilan,Ruslan Motornyuk,Serhii Yuzhakov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-07-19
ISBN : 9780367650247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In modern conditions of the development of intelligent systems to solve the problems of smart cities, more and more attention is paid to the construction of distributed intelligent systems, which, based on a network of sensors and specialized calculators, help residents and visitors of the city in real time to solve a whole range of complex problems that arise in an urban environment. In a smart city, much attention is paid to the processing of biometric information that comes from biometric sensors distributed throughout the city. Such biometric systems are multimodal and allow you to control the general condition of a person, and also help a person to move around the city and predict events within the city. This book describes methods for processing biometric information in a smart city environment. The theoretical foundations of building a biometric multisensor network, which allows you to create a unified urban biometric community, are considered. The theoretical foundations of the parallel shift technology and the Radon transformation on cellular automata with a hexagonal covering are presented. On the basis of these technologies, methods of biometric identification by gait parameters and the geometric shape of the auricle are described, which are effectively used in a smart city. A method for tracking dynamic changes in the state of a smart city in real time is considered. Models of behavior of colonies of living organisms, their formation, movement and interaction are described on the basis of the technology of cellular automata with active cells. Models of behavior of active cells in meeting with unwanted cells and models of combining and destruction of active cell colonies are also described. This book is intended for undergraduate, graduate students and specialists working and conducting research in the field of biometric information processing, as well as in the development and construction of distributed intelligent systems.

Intelligent Cities and Globalisation of Innovation Networks

Intelligent Cities and Globalisation of Innovation Networks Book
Author : Nicos Komninos
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2008-07-17
ISBN : 1134049811
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intelligent Cities and Globalisation of Innovation Networks combines concepts and theories from the fields of urban development and planning, innovation management, and virtual / intelligent environments. It explains the rise of intelligent cities with respect to the globalisation of systems of innovation; opens up a new way for making intelligent environments via the connection of human skills, institutional mechanisms, and digital spaces operating within a community; and describes a series of platforms and tools for the making of intelligent cities.

Big Mind

Big Mind Book
Author : Geoff Mulgan
Publisher : Princeton University Press
Release : 2019-11-12
ISBN : 0691196168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"A new field of collective intelligence has emerged in the last few years, prompted by a wave of digital technologies that make it possible for organizations and societies to think at large scale. This "bigger mind"--Human and machine capabilities working together--has the potential to solve the great challenges of our time. So why do smart technologies not automatically lead to smart results? Gathering insights from diverse fields, including philosophy, computer science, and biology, Big Mind reveals how collective intelligence can guide corporations, governments, universities, and societies to make the most of human brains and digital technologies. Geoff Mulgan explores how collective intelligence has to be consciously organized and orchestrated in order to harness its powers. He looks at recent experiments mobilizing millions of people to solve problems, and at groundbreaking technology like Google Maps and Dove satellites. He also considers why organizations full of smart people and machines can make foolish mistakes--from investment banks losing billions to intelligence agencies misjudging geopolitical events--and shows how to avoid them. Highlighting differences between environments that stimulate intelligence and those that blunt it, Mulgan shows how human and machine intelligence could solve challenges in business, climate change, democracy, and public health. But for that to happen we'll need radically new professions, institutions, and ways of thinking. Informed by the latest work on data, web platforms, and artificial intelligence, Big Mind shows how collective intelligence could help us survive and thrive"--Publisher's website.

Urban Planning in the Digital Age

Urban Planning in the Digital Age Book
Author : Nicolas Douay
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-09-05
ISBN : 178630290X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technological changes have often produced important social changes that translate into spatial and planning practice. Whereas the intelligent city is one of the unavoidable and even dominant concepts, digital uses can influence urban planning in four different directions. These scenarios are represented by a compass composed of a horizontal axis opposing institutional and non-institutional actors, and a second axis with open and closed opposition.

Computational Collective Intelligence

Computational Collective Intelligence Book
Author : Tadeusz M. Szuba
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 2001-03-07
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Introducing a groundbreaking approach to understanding, measuring, and applying Collective Intelligence Does Collective Intelligence (CI) exist and, if so, how can it be characterized, quantified, and harnessed? Questions such as these continue to be hotly debated within both the scientific and philosophical communities. Yet few researchers working in the fields of artificial intelligence or distributed computing doubt CI's enormous potential value to the future of computing. Unfortunately, for lack of a rigorous, formal theory of Collective Intelligence, most attempts to analyze CI systems have been disappointing, at best. In Computational Collective Intelligence, Professor Tadeusz Szuba does much to rectify that situation by developing, for the first time, both a formal definition of CI and practical guidelines for its assessment and applications. Working from the ground up, Dr. Szuba begins with a stimulating and insightful discussion of the types of intelligence-including individual, artificial, and collective-into which he brings ideas from AI, information theory, and distributed computing, as well as psychology, sociology, animal behavior, cognitive science, and other relevant disciplines. He tackles the problem of computational models for simulating and measuring CI. He explores all theoretically feasible models of CI computations and presents a groundbreaking, nondeterministic approach using the Random PROLOG Processor (RPP) as a CI modeling and evaluation tool. He then introduces the Collective Intelligence Quotient (IQS) and develops clear-cut guidelines for measuring it. In the final chapters, he lays the foundation for a dynamic new discipline, Collective Intelligence Engineering (CIE), and considers its potential applications as an organizational restructuring tool.

Public Speaking in the City

Public Speaking in the City Book
Author : Janet Stewart
Publisher : Palgrave MacMillan
Release : 2009-08-12
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Janet Stewart examines the role that public speaking played in shaping and framing the urban experience around 1900. She presents case studies of acclaimed speakers such as Karl Kraus, Adolf Loos and Georg Simmel, to reveal connections between location, speech and the metropolis in two archetypal modern cities: Berlin and Vienna.

Dot City

Dot City Book
Author : Torsten Blume,Gregor Langenbrinck
Publisher : Jovis Verlag
Release : 2004
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seit langem schon nutzen wir Handys, Bankautomaten oder Internet als etwas Gewöhnliches in unserem urbanen Alltag. Grundsätzlich anders scheint das Leben dadurch nicht geworden zu sein. Oder haben wir uns unmerklich an die Existenz des Unsichtbaren gewöhnt? Wie lassen sich neue digitale Möglichkeiten für den Gestalter kreativ nutzen? Das IV. Internationale Bauhaus Kolleg "Dot.City" hat Strategien für den Einsatz digitaler Medien aufgezeigt, die das Unvorhersehbare und Unplanbare in die Stadt integrieren. Das Buch zeigt die Medialisierung des urbanen Lebens als ein globales Phänomen und beschreibt die Konsequenzen, die sich daraus für die Gestaltung des Lebensraums Stadt ergeben.

Data Analytics Paving the Way to Sustainable Urban Mobility

Data Analytics  Paving the Way to Sustainable Urban Mobility Book
Author : Eftihia G. Nathanail,Ioannis D. Karakikes
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-11
ISBN : 3030023052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book aims at showing how big data sources and data analytics can play an important role in sustainable mobility. It is especially intended to provide academicians, researchers, practitioners and decision makers with a snapshot of methods that can be effectively used to improve urban mobility. The different chapters, which report on contributions presented at the 4th Conference on Sustainable Urban Mobility, held on May 24-25, 2018, in Skiathos Island, Greece, cover different thematic areas, such as social networks and traveler behavior, applications of big data technologies in transportation and analytics, transport infrastructure and traffic management, transportation modeling, vehicle emissions and environmental impacts, public transport and demand responsive systems, intermodal interchanges, smart city logistics systems, data security and associated legal aspects. They show in particular how to apply big data in improving urban mobility, discuss important challenges in developing and implementing analytics methods and provide the reader with an up-to-date review of the most representative research on data management techniques for enabling sustainable urban mobility

Intelligent Information and Database Systems

Intelligent Information and Database Systems Book
Author : Ngoc Thanh Nguyen (Computer scientist),Satoshi Tojo,Le Minh Nguyen (Associate Professor),Bogdan Trawiński
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 9783319544731
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The two-volume set LNAI 10191 and 10192 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th Asian Conference on Intelligent Information and Database Systems, ACIIDS 2017, held in Kanazawa, Japan, in April 2017. The total of 152 full papers accepted for publication in these proceedings was carefully reviewed and selected from 420 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: Knowledge Engineering and Semantic Web; Social Networks and Recommender Systems; Text Processing and Information Retrieval; Intelligent Database Systems; Intelligent Information Systems; Decision Support and Control Systems; Machine Learning and Data Mining; Computer Vision Techniques; Advanced Data Mining Techniques and Applications; Intelligent and Context Systems; Multiple Model Approach to Machine Learning; Applications of Data Science; Artificial Intelligence Applications for E-services; Automated Reasoning and Proving Techniques with Applications in Intelligent Systems; Collective Intelligence for Service Innovation, Technology Opportunity, E-Learning and Fuzzy Intelligent Systems; Intelligent Computer Vision Systems and Applications; Intelligent Data Analysis, Applications and Technologies for Internet of Things; Intelligent Algorithms and Brain Functions; Intelligent Systems and Algorithms in Information Sciences; IT in Biomedicine; Intelligent Technologies in the Smart Cities in the 21st Century; Analysis of Image, Video and Motion Data in Life Sciences; Modern Applications of Machine Learning for Actionable Knowledge Extraction; Mathematics of Decision Sciences and Information Science; Scalable Data Analysis in Bioinformatics and Biomedical Informatics; and Technological Perspective of Agile Transformation in IT organizations.