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Collective Action 2 0

Collective Action 2  0 Book
Author : Spier Shaked
Publisher : Chandos Publishing
Release : 2017-03-07
ISBN : 9780081005675
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collective Action 2.0 explores the issues related to information and communication technologies (ICTs) in detail, providing a balanced insight into how ICTs leverage and interact with collective action, which will have an impact on the current discourse. Recent events in different authoritarian regimes, such as Iran and Egypt, have drawn global attention to a developing phenomenon in collective action: People tend to organize through different social media platforms for political protest and resistance. This phenomenon describes a change in social structure and behavior tied to ICT. Social media platforms have been used to leverage collective action, which has in some cases arguably lead, to political revolution. The phenomenon also indicates that the way information is organized affects the organization of social structures with which it interoperates. The phenomenon also has another side, which is the use of social media for activist suppression, state and corporate surveillance, commodifi cation of social processes, demobilization, or for the mobilization of collective action toward undesirable ends. . Analyzes social media and collective action in an in-depth and balanced manner . Presents an account of avoiding technological determinism, utopianism, and fundamentalism . Considers the underlying theory behind quick-paced social media . Takes an interdisciplinary approach that will resonate with all those interested in social media and collective action, regardless of fi eld specialism

Collective Action 2 0

Collective Action 2 0 Book
Author : Shaked Spier
Publisher : Chandos Publishing
Release : 2017-02-28
ISBN : 0081005792
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Collective Action 2.0 explores the issues related to information and communication technologies (ICTs) in detail, providing a balanced insight into how ICTs leverage and interact with collective action, which will have an impact on the current discourse. Recent events in different authoritarian regimes, such as Iran and Egypt, have drawn global attention to a developing phenomenon in collective action: People tend to organize through different social media platforms for political protest and resistance. This phenomenon describes a change in social structure and behavior tied to ICT. Social media platforms have been used to leverage collective action, which has in some cases arguably lead, to political revolution. The phenomenon also indicates that the way information is organized affects the organization of social structures with which it interoperates. The phenomenon also has another side, which is the use of social media for activist suppression, state and corporate surveillance, commodifi cation of social processes, demobilization, or for the mobilization of collective action toward undesirable ends. Analyzes social media and collective action in an in-depth and balanced manner Presents an account of avoiding technological determinism, utopianism, and fundamentalism Considers the underlying theory behind quick-paced social media Takes an interdisciplinary approach that will resonate with all those interested in social media and collective action, regardless of fi eld specialism

Mathematics of Collective Action

Mathematics of Collective Action Book
Author : James Samuel Coleman
Publisher : Transaction Publishers
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0202367312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Philosophers, social scientists, and laymen have used two perspectives in analyzing social action. One sees man's action as the result of causal forces, and the other sees action as purposive and goal directed. Mathematical treatment of social action has shown this same dichotomy. Some models of behavior describe a causal process, in which there is no place for intention or purpose. Most stochastic models of behavior, whether individual or group, are like this. Another body of work, however, employs purpose, anticipation of some future state, and action designed to maximize the proximity to some goal. Classical microeconomic theory, statistical decision theory, and game theory exemplify this direction. This book examines these two directions of work, and makes original contributions to the second. An introductory chapter outlines these two bodies of work, and casts them in a common frame, to display their similarities and differences. Chapter 2 reviews at length recent work in stochastic processes that makes up the first body of work, which sees social action as the resultant of causal forces. The remaining chapters develop a mathematical framework for the study of systems of social action using a purposive theoretical base. These chapters are designed particularly to contribute to the study of collective decisions, a form of social action that has proved particularly challenging to theoretical analysis. First published in 1973, this became a significant work both in problem solving and in the future career of the author. It is of continuing importance to researchers and students interested in statistical analysis."--Provided by publisher.

Collective Action Clauses and the Restructuring of Sovereign Debt

Collective Action Clauses and the Restructuring of Sovereign Debt Book
Author : Patrick S. Kenadjian,Klaus-Albert Bauer,Andreas Cahn
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter
Release : 2013-08-01
ISBN : 3110314525
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The volume contains articles based on presentations given at a conference hosted by the Institute for Law and Finance of Goethe University on October 27, 2011. Collective action clauses are an example of the typical dichotomy of financial regulation: While the problems are economic in nature, the solutions need to be implemented by law. The Institute for Law and Finance strives to bring together law and finance in order to foster a better mutual understanding of both disciplines and to improve the regulation of financial markets. Thus, the organizers are particularly pleased that eminent experts from the fields of law and finance agreed to participate in the event and to share their views on and experiences with collective action clauses. The presentations given at the conference have been updated in 2012 to reflect recent developments.

Global Collective Action

Global Collective Action Book
Author : Todd Sandler
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2004-07-19
ISBN : 1139454269
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines how nations and other key participants in the global community address problems requiring collective action. The global community has achieved some successes, such as eradicating smallpox, but other efforts to coordinate nations' actions, such as the reduction of drug trafficking, have not been sufficient. This book identifies the factors that promote or inhibit successful collective action at the regional and global level for an ever-growing set of challenges stemming from augmented cross-border flows associated with globalization. Modern principles of collective action are identified and applied to a host of global challenges, including promoting global health, providing foreign assistance, controlling rogue nations, limiting transnational terrorism, and intervening in civil wars. Because many of these concerns involve strategic interactions where choices and consequences are dependent on one's own and others' actions, the book relies, in places, on elementary game theory that is fully introduced for the uninitiated reader.

A Unified Theory of Collective Action and Social Change

A Unified Theory of Collective Action and Social Change Book
Author : Luis Medina
Publisher : University of Michigan Press
Release : 2009-12-18
ISBN : 9780472024452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The notion that groups form and act in ways that respond to objective, external costs and benefits has long been the key to accounting for social change processes driven by collective action. Yet this same notion seems to fall apart when we try to explain how collectivities emerge out of the choices of individuals. This book overcomes that dilemma by offering an analysis of collective action that, while rooted in individual decision making, also brings out the way in which objective costs and benefits can impede or foster social coordination. The resulting approach enables us to address the causes and consequences of collective action with the help of the tools of modern economic theory. To illustrate this, the book applies the tools it develops to the study of specific collective action problems such as clientelism, focusing on its connections with economic development and political redistribution; and wage bargaining, showing its economic determinants and its relevance for the political economy of the welfare state. "Medina's study is a great step forward in the analytics of collective action. He shows the inadequacies of currently standard models and shows that straightforward revisions reconcile rational-choice and structural viewpoints. It will influence all future work." -Kenneth Arrow, Stanford University "Olson, Schelling, and now Medina. A Unified Theory deepens our understanding of collective action and contributes to the foundations of our field. A major work." -Robert H. Bates, Harvard University "Medina thinks that the main problem of social action is not whether or not to cooperate but how to do it. To this end he has produced an imaginative approach to analyzing strategic coordination problems that produces plausible predictions in a range of circumstances." -John Ferejohn, Stanford University Luis Fernando Medina is Associate Professor in the Department of Politics at the University of Virginia.

Global Risks and Collective Action Failures

Global Risks and Collective Action Failures Book
Author : Ms.Inci Otker
Publisher : International Monetary Fund
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 1498396550
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract What do climate change, global financial crises, pandemics, and fragility and conflict have in common? They are all examples of global risks that can cross geographical and generational boundaries and whose mismanagement can reverse gains in development and jeopardize the well-being of generations. Managing risks such as these becomes a global public good, whose benefits also cross boundaries, providing a rationale for collective action facilitated by the international community. Yet, as many public goods, provision of global public goods suffer from collective action failures that undermine international coordination. This paper discusses the obstacles to addresing these global risks effectively, highlighting their implications for the current juncture. It claims that remaining gaps in information, resources, and capacity hamper accumulation and use of knowledge to triger appropriate action, but diverging national interests remain the key impediment to cooperation and effectiveness of global efforts, even when knowledge on the risks and their consequences are well understood. The paper argues that managing global risks requires a cohesive international community that enables its stakeholders to work collectively around common goals by facilitating sharing of knowledge, devoting resources to capacity building, and protecting the vulnerable. When some countries fail to cooperate, the international community can still forge cooperation, including by realigning incentives and demonstrating benefit from incremental steps toward full cooperation.

Delivering Collective Redress

Delivering Collective Redress Book
Author : Christopher Hodges,Stefaan Voet
Publisher : Bloomsbury Publishing
Release : 2018-05-03
ISBN : 1509918558
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book charts the transformative shifts in techniques that seek to deliver collective redress, especially for mass consumer claims in Europe. It shows how traditional approaches of class litigation (old technology) have been eclipsed by the new technology of regulatory redress techniques and consumer ombudsmen. It describes a series of these techniques, each illustrated by leading examples taken from a 2016 pan-EU research project. It then undertakes a comparative evaluation of each technique against key criteria, such as effective outcomes, speed, and cost. The book reveals major transformations in European legal systems, shows the overriding need to view legal systems from fresh viewpoints, and to devise a new integrated model.

The Globalization Conundrum Dark Clouds behind the Silver Lining

The Globalization Conundrum   Dark Clouds behind the Silver Lining Book
Author : Gagari Chakrabarti,Chitrakalpa Sen
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-09-10
ISBN : 9811317275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together experts from four continents (Asia, North America, Europe, Africa) and from varied disciplines to discuss a spectrum of problems created by globalization, such as the economic and financial, environmental, legal, cultural, socio-economic and social media impacts. The book not only examines the problems from a number of different perspectives, but also considers the impact of globalization in emerging nations around the world. Due to the very nature of these problems, the approaches adopted are both qualitative and quantitative; it includes quantitative research on quantum finance and the financial crisis, and also discussions on qualitative problems, such as cultural imperialism and neoliberalism. Of interest to economic researchers and management professionals, the book is also a valuable resource for social media researchers, environment scientists, and non-technical readers concerned with socio-political issues. This single volume offers a holistic view and therefore a more complete picture of the problems posed by globalization.

Contemporary Issues in Development Economics

Contemporary Issues in Development Economics Book
Author : Timothy Besley
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-04-29
ISBN : 1137529741
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This IEA volume brings together a set of essays written by leading authors on themes relevant to the study of economic development. The book covers a range of topics many of which are relevant to policy issues. The contributors bring new insights from empirical research in a range of economies with chapters including discussions of the UN development agenda, fiscal policy in Latin America, poverty data in Africa and Jordan, and monetary policy in South Africa. Contemporary Issues in Development Economics is an essential read for researchers, scholars and policymakers interested in economic development in low- and middle-income countries.

Technology Review

Technology Review Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1912
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Technology Review book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cooperation

Cooperation Book
Author : R. Tuomela
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 9401595941
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Cooperation, A Philosophical Study, Tuomela offers the first comprehensive philosophical theory of cooperation. He builds on such notions a collective and joint goals, mutual beliefs, collective commitments, acting together and acting collectively. The book analyzes the varieties of cooperation, making use of the crucial distinction between group-mode and individual-mode cooperation. The former is based on collective goals and collective commitments, the latter on private goals and commitments. The book discusses the attitudes and the kinds of practical reasoning that cooperation requires and investigate some of the conditions under which cooperation is likely, rationally, to occur. It also shows some of the drawbacks of the standard game-theoretical treatments of cooperation and presents a survey of cooperation research in neighbouring fields. Readership: Essential reading for researchers and graduate students in philosophy. Also of interest to researchers int he social sciences and AI.

Collective Action in the Formation of Pre Modern States

Collective Action in the Formation of Pre Modern States Book
Author : Richard Blanton,Lane Fargher
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0387738762
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anthropological archaeology and other disciplines concerned with the formation of early complex societies are undergoing a theoretical shift. Given the need for new directions in theory, the book proposes that anthropologists look to political science, especially the rational choice theory of collective action. The authors subject collective action theory to a methodologically rigorous evaluation using systematic cross-cultural analysis based on a world-wide sample of societies.

The Role s of Class Caste and Gender in Collective Action

The Role s  of Class  Caste and Gender in Collective Action Book
Author : Clare L. Tanner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1993
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Role s of Class Caste and Gender in Collective Action book written by Clare L. Tanner, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Civil Society and Political Representation in Latin America 2010 2015

Civil Society and Political Representation in Latin America  2010 2015  Book
Author : Adrián Albala
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-11-03
ISBN : 3319678019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents in-depth analyses of the wave of political protest and unrest that spread throughout Latin America between 2010 and 2015 in order to answer a question that has been challenging social scientists all over the region: why some countries have faced a divorce between their social movements and political parties while others have not? The contributions gathered in this volume intend to show that the logic of political representation in Latin America and its supposed “crisis” is not a common and constant feature for all region. Some countries like Chile, Brazil, Colombia and Mexico seem to have experienced a process of autonomization of its social movements vis-à-vis its institutional political system. However, Argentina, Bolivia, Ecuador and Uruguay have not seen such a split between civil society and the political parties. Bringing together eight case studies of the countries mentioned and a general assessment of the situation in the whole region, this book presents some interesting findings that will contribute to the discussions about the political representation crisis in Latin America, providing valuable resources for political leaders, researchers, policy makers and social activists in the region.

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics

The Oxford Companion to Comparative Politics Book
Author : Craig N. Murphy
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2012-10-25
ISBN : 0199738599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fills a gap in scholarship on an increasingly important field within Political Science. Comparative Politics, the discipline devoted to the politics of other countries or peoples, has been steadily gaining prominence as a field of study, allowing politics to be viewed from a wider foundation than a concentration on domestic affairs would permit.

Self and Others

Self and Others Book
Author : Jan Österberg
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400928793
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

1. The Aim of This Essay Ethical Egoism, the doctrine that, roughly speaking, one should promote one's own good, has been a live issue since the very beginnings of moral philosophy. Historically, it is the most widely held normative theory, and, next to Utilitarianism, it is the most intensely debated one. What is at stake in this debate is a fundamental question of ethics: 'Is there any reason, except self-interest, for considering the interests of other people?' The ethical egoist answers No to this question, thus rejecting the received conception of morality. Is Ethical Egoism an acceptable position? There are many forms of Ethical Egoism, and each may be interpreted in several different ways. So the relevant question is rather, 'Is there an acceptable version of Ethical It is the main aim of this essay to answer this question. This Egoism?' means that I will be confronted with many other controversial questions, for example, 'What is a moral principle?', 'Is value objective or subjec tive?', 'What is the nature of the self?' For the acceptability of most ver sions of Ethical Egoism, it has been alleged, depends on what answers are given to questions such as these. (I will show that in some of these cases there is in fact no such dependence. ) It is, of course, impossible to ad equately discuss all these questions within the compass of my essay.

Political Participation and Democracy in Britain

Political Participation and Democracy in Britain Book
Author : Geraint Parry,George Moyser,Neil Day
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1992-01-16
ISBN : 9780521336024
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The results of a survey on the level and patterns of political involvement in Britain.