Skip to main content

Cognitive Sophistication And The Development Of Judgment And Decision Making

In Order to Read Online or Download Cognitive Sophistication And The Development Of Judgment And Decision Making Full eBooks in PDF, EPUB, Tuebl and Mobi you need to create a Free account. Get any books you like and read everywhere you want. Fast Download Speed ~ Commercial & Ad Free. We cannot guarantee that every book is in the library!

Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision Making

Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision Making Book
Author : Maggie E. Toplak
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-11-05
ISBN : 0128166452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Cognitive Sophistication and the Development of Judgment and Decision-Making reviews the existing literature on the development of reasoning, judgment and decision-making, with a primary focus on measures from the heuristics and biases tradition. The book presents a model based on cognitive sophistication to examine the development of judgment and decision-making, including age related differences in developmental samples, associations with intellectual abilities and executive functions, and associations with dispositional tendencies that support judgment and decision-making. Additional sections cover the empirical findings of a longitudinal study conducted over seven years that tie together the discussed aspects related to cognitive sophistication. This book will provide a much-needed description of the theoretical and conceptual issues, a review of empirical findings, and an integrative summary of the implications for developmental models of reasoning, judgment and decision-making. Explores whether individual heuristics and biases are associated Reviews individual differences in cognitive abilities and thinking dispositions Examines reasoning from the lens of cognitive sophistication Discusses the implications for models, including dual process models Tests and elaborates using empirical findings from a longitudinal study

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents

The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents Book
Author : Janis E. Jacobs,Paul A. Klaczynski
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2006-04-21
ISBN : 1135633517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In recent years, newspaper articles, television specials, and other media events have focused on the numerous hard decisions faced by today's youth, often pointing to teen pregnancy, drug use, and delinquency as evidence of faulty judgment. Over the past 10 years, many groups - including parents, educators, policymakers, and researchers - have become concerned about the decision-making abilities of children and adolescents, asking why they make risky choices, how they can be taught to be better decision makers, and what types of age-related changes occur in decision making. This book serves as a starting point for those interested in considering new ways of thinking about the development of these issues. The purpose is to bring together the voices of several authors who are conducting cutting-edge research and developing new theoretical perspectives related to the development of judgment and decision making. The Development of Judgment and Decision Making in Children and Adolescents is divided into three parts: Part I presents three distinctive developmental models that offer different explanations of "what develops" and the relative importance of different cognitive components and experiential components that may be important for developing judgment and decision making skills. Part II emphasizes the emotional, cultural, and social aspects of decision making--three topics that have been influential in the adult literature on judgment and decision making but are just beginning to be explored in the developmental area. Part III provides three examples of research that applies developmental and decision making models to practical research questions. This book is intended for the professional market or for graduate courses on decision making or cognitive or social development.

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision Making

Individual Differences in Judgement and Decision Making Book
Author : Maggie E. Toplak,Joshua Weller
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2016-11-25
ISBN : 1317265319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Children face an overwhelming amount of information and a range of different choices every day, and so there has never been a more important time to understand how children learn to make judgments and decisions in our modern world. Individual Differences in Judgment and Decision-Making presents cutting-edge developmental research to advance our knowledge and understanding of how these competencies emerge. Focusing on the role of individual differences, the text provides a complementary theoretical approach to understanding the development of judgment and decision-making skills, and how and why these competencies vary within and between different periods of development. Sampling a diverse set of developmental paradigms and measures, as well as considering typical and atypically developing samples, this volume provokes thinking about how we can support our children and youth to help them make better choices. Drawing on the expertise of a range of international contributors, this book will be of interest to students and researchers of thinking and reasoning from both cognitive and developmental psychology backgrounds.

Neuroeconomics Judgment and Decision Making

Neuroeconomics  Judgment  and Decision Making Book
Author : Evan A. Wilhelms,Valerie F. Reyna
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-07-11
ISBN : 1317652738
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

This volume explores how and why people make judgments and decisions that have economic consequences, and what the implications are for human well-being. It provides an integrated review of the latest research from many different disciplines, including social, cognitive, and developmental psychology; neuroscience and neurobiology; and economics and business. The book has six areas of focus: historical foundations; cognitive consistency and inconsistency; heuristics and biases; neuroeconomics and neurobiology; developmental and individual differences; and improving decisions. Throughout, the contributors draw out implications from traditional behavioral research as well as evidence from neuroscience. In recent years, neuroscientific methods have matured, beyond being simply correlational and descriptive, into theoretical prediction and explanation, and this has opened up many new areas of discovery about economic behavior that are reviewed in the book. In the final part, there are applications of the research to cognitive development, individual differences, and the improving of decisions. The book takes a broad perspective and is written in an accessible way so as to reach a wide audience of advanced students and researchers interested in behavioral economics and related areas. This includes neuroscientists, neuropsychologists, clinicians, psychologists (developmental, social, and cognitive), economists and other social scientists; legal scholars and criminologists; professionals in public health and medicine; educators; evidence-based practitioners; and policy-makers.

The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision Making

The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision Making Book
Author : Henry Markovits
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2013-11-26
ISBN : 1317931068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Logical thinking is a critically important cognitive skill. It is not just essential for mathematical and scientific understanding, it is also of prime importance when trying to navigate our complex and increasingly sophisticated world. Written by world class researchers in the field, The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making describes the ways that children learn to reason, and how reasoning can be used to overcome the influence of beliefs and intuitions. The chapters in this edited collection focus on the new, revolutionary paradigm in reasoning and cover the recent research on the development of reasoning in two important areas: Cognitive abilities required to reason well and how these abilities develop in children and adolescents. Recent empirical data showing the effect intuition and prior belief have on reasoning, even when the outcome is inappropriate. Different theoretical and empirical perspectives from recent Piagetian theory, mental models and gist processing are examined, along with empirical results looking at specific aspects of reasoning in children. The key theme of the book is to better understand how reasoning develops not only through examining ‘logical’ reasoning, but also the nature of the interactions between people’s intuitions and their reasoning abilities. The Developmental Psychology of Reasoning and Decision-Making provides an overview of the main theories and key empirical results related to the development of reasoning and should be of particular interest to students and researchers in developmental psychology and education, along with those in cognitive psychology.

The Life Changing Science of Detecting Bullshit

The Life Changing Science of Detecting Bullshit Book
Author : John V. Petrocelli
Publisher : St. Martin's Press
Release : 2021-07-27
ISBN : 1250271630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Expanding upon his viral TEDx Talk, psychology professor and social scientist John V. Petrocelli reveals the critical thinking habits you can develop to recognize and combat pervasive false information that harms society in The Life-Changing Science of Detecting Bullshit. Bullshit is the foundation of contaminated thinking and bad decisions leading to health consequences, financial losses, legal consequences, broken relationships, and wasted time and resources. No matter how smart we believe ourselves to be, we’re all susceptible to bullshit—and we all engage in it. While we may brush it off as harmless marketing sales speak or as humorous, embellished claims, it’s actually much more dangerous and insidious. It’s how Bernie Madoff successfully swindled billions of dollars from even the most experienced financial experts with his Ponzi scheme. It’s how the protocols of Mao Zedong’s Great Leap Forward resulted in the deaths of 36 million people from starvation. Presented as truths by authority figures and credentialed experts, bullshit appears legitimate, and we accept their words as gospel. If we don’t question the information we receive from bullshit artists to prove their thoughts and theories, we allow these falsehoods to take root in our memories and beliefs. This faulty data affects our decision making capabilities, sometimes resulting in regrettable life choices. But with a little dose of skepticism and a commitment to truth seeking, you can build your critical thinking and scientific reasoning skills to evaluate information, separate fact from fiction, and see through bullshitter spin. In The Life-Changing Science of Detecting Bullshit, experimental social psychologist John V. Petrocelli provides invaluable strategies not only to recognize and protect yourself from everyday bullshit, but to accept your own lack of knowledge about subjects and avoid in engaging in bullshit just for societal conformity. With real world examples from people versed in bullshit who work in the used car, real estate, wine, and diamond industries, Petrocelli exposes the red-flag warning signs found in the anecdotal stories, emotional language, and buzzwords used by bullshitters that persuade our decisions. By using his critical thinking defensive tactics against those motivated by profit, we will also learn how to stop the toxic misinformation spread from the social media influencers, fake news, and op-eds that permeate our culture and call out bullshit whenever we see it.

The Emerging Role of Intelligence in the World of the Future

The Emerging Role of Intelligence in the World of the Future Book
Author : Robert J. Sternberg
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2018-10-23
ISBN : 3038972622
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

(This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "If Intelligence Is Truly Important to Real-World Adaptation, and IQs Have Risen 30+ Points in the Past Century (Flynn Effect), then Why Are There So Many Unresolved and Dramatic Problems in the World, and What Can Be Done About It?'' that was published in J. Intell.)

Dual Process Theory 2 0

Dual Process Theory 2 0 Book
Author : Wim De Neys
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-09
ISBN : 1351791362
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Dual Process Theory 2.0 provides a comprehensive overview of the new directions in which dual process research is heading. Human thinking is often characterized as an interplay between intuition and deliberation and this two-headed, dual process view of human thinking has been very influential in the cognitive sciences and popular media. However, despite the popularity of the dual process framework it faces multiple challenges. Recent advances indicate that there is a strong need to re-think some of the fundamental assumptions of the original dual process model. With chapters written by leading scholars who have been actively involved in the development of an upgraded ‘Dual Process Theory 2.0’, this edited volume presents an accessible overview of the latest empirical findings and theoretical ideas.. With cutting edge insights on the interaction between intuition and deliberation, Dual Process Theory 2.0 should be of interest to psychologists, philosophers, and economists who are using dual process models.

Handbook of Cognitive Archaeology

Handbook of Cognitive Archaeology Book
Author : Tracy B. Henley,Matt J. Rossano,Edward P. Kardas
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-08-05
ISBN : 0429950020
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The remains that archaeologists uncover reveal ancient minds at work as much as ancient hands, and for decades many have sought a better way of understanding those minds. This understanding is at the forefront of cognitive archaeology, a discipline that believes that a greater application of psychological theory to archaeology will further our understanding of the evolution of the human mind. Bringing together a diverse range of experts including archaeologists, psychologists, anthropologists, biologists, psychiatrists, neuroscientists, historians, and philosophers, in one comprehensive volume, this accessible and illuminating book is an important resource for students and researchers exploring how the application of cognitive archaeology can significantly and meaningfully deepen their knowledge of early and ancient humans. This seminal volume opens the field of cognitive archaeology to scholars across the behavioral sciences.

Human Factors Interventions for the Health Care of Older Adults

Human Factors Interventions for the Health Care of Older Adults Book
Author : Wendy A. Rogers,Arthur D. Fisk
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-08-01
ISBN : 1410603946
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Written by experts in the field, this book explores the relevance and contributions of the field of human factors to health care. It begins with overviews of the field of human factors and the primary research methodologies of that field and goes on to review the cognitive issues that must be considered in the context of the health care environment and the potential for exercises to improve such cognitive functions. The remaining chapters cover a range of cutting-edge topics including: care giving, telecommunication issues, design of medical devices, computer monitoring of patients, automated communication systems, computer interface issues in general, and the use of the Web as a source for health information.

National Security Through a Cockeyed Lens

National Security Through a Cockeyed Lens Book
Author : Steve A. Yetiv
Publisher : Johns Hopkins University Press+ORM
Release : 2013-11-21
ISBN : 1421411261
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

A study examining how poor decision-making based on mental errors or cognitive biases hurts American foreign policy and national security. Author Steve A. Yetiv draws on four decades of psychological, historical, and political science research on cognitive biases to illuminate some of the key pitfalls in our leaders’ decision-making processes and some of the mental errors we make in perceiving ourselves and the world. Tracing five U.S. national security episodes?the 1979 Soviet invasion and occupation of Afghanistan; the Iran-Contra affair during the Reagan administration; the rise of al-Qaeda, leading to the 9/11 attacks; the 2003 U.S. invasion of Iraq; and the development of U.S. energy policy?Yetiv reveals how a dozen cognitive biases have been more influential in impacting U.S. national security than commonly believed or understood. Identifying a primary bias in each episode?disconnect of perception versus reality, tunnel vision (“focus feature”), distorted perception (“cockeyed lens”), overconfidence, and short-term thinking?Yetiv explains how each bias drove the decision-making process and what the outcomes were for the various actors. His concluding chapter examines a range of debiasing techniques, exploring how they can improve decision making. Praise for National Security through a Cockeyed Lens “Yetiv’s volume could be one of the key books for presidents and their advisers to read before they begin making decisions.” —William W. Newmann, H-Diplo “The principles in this book deserve wide recognition. Yetiv places necessary focus on lapses in decision making that are important to acknowledge.” —James Lebovic, Political Science Quarterly

Young Children s Civic Mindedness

Young Children   s Civic Mindedness Book
Author : Jennifer Hauver
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-01-21
ISBN : 1351803573
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Young Children’s Civic Mindedness provides a well-grounded understanding of children’s civic thought and action by inviting readers to look and listen carefully to the voices of young children themselves. Grounded in research on children’s evolving civic identities and drawn from extended case studies and rich narrative vignettes, this book shows the many ways even the youngest children can be civic-minded and political. The book engages readers in thinking about the many ways children reason about and approach civic problems; how children’s experience in various local and larger contexts shapes their thinking and action; and the environmental factors that delimit what children see as possible in civic spaces. Written for early childhood, elementary and civic educators, this book encourages readers to go beyond mere rhetoric on the importance of civic education, to develop improved ways of teaching for children’s civic development.

Judgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty Descriptive Normative and Prescriptive Perspectives

Judgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty  Descriptive  Normative  and Prescriptive Perspectives Book
Author : David R. Mandel,Gorka Navarrete,Nathan Dieckmann,Jonathan D. Nelson
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-09-26
ISBN : 288963034X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Download Judgment and Decision Making Under Uncertainty Descriptive Normative and Prescriptive Perspectives book written by David R. Mandel,Gorka Navarrete,Nathan Dieckmann,Jonathan D. Nelson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Thinking Mind

The Thinking Mind Book
Author : Niall Galbraith,Erica Lucas,David Over
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2016-10-14
ISBN : 1317384083
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The field of thinking has undergone a revolution in recent years, opening itself up to new perspectives and applications. The traditional focus on laboratory-based thinking has transformed as theoretical work is now being applied to new contexts and real-world issues. This volume presents a state-of-the-art survey of human thinking in everyday life, based around, and in tribute to, one of the field’s most eminent figures: Ken Manktelow. In this collection of cutting-edge research, Manktelow’s collaborators and colleagues review a wide range of important and developing areas of inquiry. This book explores modern perspectives on a variety of traditional and contemporary topics, including Wason’s reasoning tasks, logic, meta-reasoning, and the effect of environment and context on reasoning. The Thinking Mind offers a unique combination of breadth, depth, theoretical exploration and real-world applications, making it an indispensable resource for researchers and students of human thinking.

Pseudoscience

Pseudoscience Book
Author : Allison B. Kaufman,James C. Kaufman
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2019-03-12
ISBN : 0262537044
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Case studies, personal accounts, and analysis show how to recognize and combat pseudoscience in a post-truth world. In a post-truth, fake news world, we are particularly susceptible to the claims of pseudoscience. When emotions and opinions are more widely disseminated than scientific findings, and self-proclaimed experts get their expertise from Google, how can the average person distinguish real science from fake? This book examines pseudoscience from a variety of perspectives, through case studies, analysis, and personal accounts that show how to recognize pseudoscience, why it is so widely accepted, and how to advocate for real science. Contributors examine the basics of pseudoscience, including issues of cognitive bias; the costs of pseudoscience, with accounts of naturopathy and logical fallacies in the anti-vaccination movement; perceptions of scientific soundness; the mainstream presence of “integrative medicine,” hypnosis, and parapsychology; and the use of case studies and new media in science advocacy. Contributors David Ball, Paul Joseph Barnett, Jeffrey Beall, Mark Benisz, Fernando Blanco, Ron Dumont, Stacy Ellenberg, Kevin M. Folta, Christopher French, Ashwin Gautam, Dennis M. Gorman, David H. Gorski, David K. Hecht, Britt Marie Hermes, Clyde F. Herreid, Jonathan Howard, Seth C. Kalichman, Leif Edward Ottesen Kennair, Arnold Kozak, Scott O. Lilienfeld, Emilio Lobato, Steven Lynn, Adam Marcus, Helena Matute, Ivan Oransky, Chad Orzel, Dorit Reiss, Ellen Beate Hansen Sandseter, Kavin Senapathy, Dean Keith Simonton, Indre Viskontas, John O. Willis, Corrine Zimmerman

Didactics of Military Ethics

Didactics of Military Ethics Book
Author : Thomas R. Elßner,Reinhold Janke
Publisher : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers
Release : 2016-04-06
ISBN : 9004312137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

The International Society for Military Ethics in Europe (EuroISME) dedicated its 4th annual conference, held May 25-28, 2014 in Koblenz, to the topic of “Didactics of military ethics: from theory to practice”. Even though some contributions also take a theoretical approach to this subject, these proceedings nevertheless intend to provide helpful suggestions regarding the practical communication of findings on military ethics and thus try to encourage a wider debate.

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence

The Cambridge Handbook of Intelligence Book
Author : Robert J. Sternberg
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2020-01-16
ISBN : 1108617557
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Written by the foremost experts in human intelligence. It not only includes traditional topics, such as the nature, measurement, and development of intelligence, but also contemporary research into intelligence and video games, collective intelligence, emotional intelligence, and leadership intelligence. In an area of study that has been fraught with ideological differences, this Handbook provides scientifically balanced and objective chapters covering a wide range of topics. It does not shy away from material that historically has been emotionally charged and sometimes covered in biased ways, such as intellectual disability, race and intelligence, culture and intelligence, and intelligence testing. The overview provided by this two-volume set leaves virtually no area of intelligence research uncovered, making it an ideal resource for undergraduates, graduate students, and professionals looking for a refresher or a summary of the new developments.

The Bias That Divides Us

The Bias That Divides Us Book
Author : Keith E. Stanovich
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2021-08-31
ISBN : 0262045753
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Why we don't live in a post-truth society but rather a myside society: what science tells us about the bias that poisons our politics. In The Bias That Divides Us, psychologist Keith Stanovich argues provocatively that we don't live in a post-truth society, as has been claimed, but rather a myside society. Our problem is not that we are unable to value and respect truth and facts, but that we are unable to agree on commonly accepted truth and facts. We believe that our side knows the truth. Post-truth? That describes the other side. The inevitable result is political polarization. Stanovich shows what science can tell us about myside bias: how common it is, how to avoid it, and what purposes it serves. Stanovich explains that although myside bias is ubiquitous, it is an outlier among cognitive biases. It is unpredictable. Intelligence does not inoculate against it, and myside bias in one domain is not a good indicator of bias shown in any other domain. Stanovich argues that because of its outlier status, myside bias creates a true blind spot among the cognitive elite--those who are high in intelligence, executive functioning, or other valued psychological dispositions. They may consider themselves unbiased and purely rational in their thinking, but in fact they are just as biased as everyone else. Stanovich investigates how this bias blind spot contributes to our current ideologically polarized politics, connecting it to another recent trend: the decline of trust in university research as a disinterested arbiter.

The Origins of Morality

The Origins of Morality Book
Author : Dennis Krebs
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2011-08-01
ISBN : 019977823X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

Why do people behave altruistically in some circumstances, but not in others? In order to account fully for morality, Dennis Krebs departs from the dominant contemporary psychological approach to morality, which suggests that children acquire morals through socialization and cultural indoctrination. Rather, social learning and cognitive-developmental accounts of morality can be subsumed and refined in an evolutionary framework. Relying on evolutionary theory, Krebs explains how notions of morality originated in the first place. He updates Darwin's early ideas about how dispositions to obey authority, to control antisocial urges, and to behave in altruistic and cooperative ways originated and evolved, then goes on to update Darwin's account of how humans acquired a moral sense.

Modeling Sociocultural Influences on Decision Making

Modeling Sociocultural Influences on Decision Making Book
Author : Joseph V. Cohn,Sae Schatz,Hannah Freeman,David J. Y. Combs
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 1315352567
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

GET BOOK

Book Description :

In our increasingly globally interconnected world, understanding and appreciating the sociocultural context within which individuals make their decisions is critical to developing successful partnerships. The collection of chapters in this volume illustrates how advances in information and social media technologies, as well as modeling and simulation tools, combined with the social sciences, can be leveraged to better understand how sociocultural context influences decision making. The chapters in this volume were contributed by leading experts from academia, industry, and government and provide: Insights into cross-cultural decision making based on recent international events, with grounding in an historical context Discussions of cutting-edge modeling techniques used today by professionals across multiple organizations and agencies Descriptions of specific cross-cultural decision making tools designed for use by laypeople and professionals Case studies on the role of cross-cultural decision making grounded in current events and (in many cases) military applications.