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Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Elisabeth Hildt,Andreas G. Franke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-08
ISBN : 9400762534
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive enhancement is the use of drugs, biotechnological strategies or other means by healthy individuals aiming at the improvement of cognitive functions such as vigilance, concentration or memory without any medical need. In particular, the use of pharmacological substances (caffeine, prescription drugs or illicit drugs) has received considerable attention during the last few years. Currently, however, little is known concerning the use of cognitive enhancers, their effects in healthy individuals and the place and function of cognitive enhancement in everyday life. The purpose of the book is to give an overview of the current research on cognitive enhancement and to provide in-depth insights into the interdisciplinary debate on cognitive enhancement.

Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Fabrice Jotterand,Veljko Dubljevic
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2016-05-09
ISBN : 0199396833
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a growing literature in neuroethics dealing with cognitive neuro-enhancement for healthy adults. However, discussions on this topic tend to focus on abstract theoretical positions while concrete policy proposals and detailed models are scarce. Furthermore, discussions appear to rely solely on data from the US or UK, while international perspectives are mostly non-existent. This volume fills this gap and addresses issues on cognitive enhancement comprehensively in three important ways: 1) it examines the conceptual implications stemming from competing points of view about the nature and goals of enhancement; 2) it addresses the ethical, social, and legal implications of neuroenhancement from an international and global perspective including contributions from scholars in Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America; and 3) it discusses and analyzes concrete legal issues and policy options tailored to specific contexts.

Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Kathleen M. Kantak,Joseph G. Wettstein
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-05-14
ISBN : 3319165224
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book highlights the behavioral and neurobiological issues relevant for drug development, reviews evidence for an innovative approach for drug discovery and presents perspectives on multiple special topics ranging from therapeutic drug use in children, emerging technologies and non-pharmacological approaches to cognitive enhancement.

Cognitive Enhancement in CNS Disorders and Beyond

Cognitive Enhancement in CNS Disorders and Beyond Book
Author : Richard S. E. Keefe,Avi (Abraham) Reichenberg,Jeffrey Cummings
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0190214406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive Enhancement in CNS Disorders and Beyond compiles a series of educational and thought-provoking chapters from the world's leading cognitive and clinical scientists to describe the latest research on cognitive impairments in a host of pathological conditions that affect CNS functioning, what treatments are available for these impairments, and how new treatments are being tested. This volume will benefit any investigators in cognitive science and clinical research, but is also accessible to non-experts. It advances the field toward the availability of cognitive enhancing drugs and devices that will benefit those who need them most and others who may feel that these techniques can help them to thrive. There has never been a time that we knew more about cognition and never a time when cognition was more important to the functioning of human beings than right now. Psychological science and cognitive neuroscience have become the most popular endeavor of students world wide, is the focus of attention of our greatest scientific accomplishments and the emphasis of many publications in the mainstream media. Since humans depend on cognitive abilities for survival, quality of life, and productivity, improving it has never been more important. Those with impairments in key aspects of cognition suffer dearly, as they are unable to obtain and retain information, unable to make sound decisions based upon the information at hand, and unable to plan future activities. The availability of pharmacological and behavioral interventions that can improve cognitive abilities and provide impaired individuals with the social, occupational and functional quality of life that the rest of us enjoy has potential far-reaching implications. Such interventions can also benefit those who want to boost current cognitive abilities to higher levels, perhaps as a means to hone skills in providing products for others or to gain an edge on competition. There has never been a book devoted solely to describing the latest cognitive science and neuroscience on the methods for enhancing cognition in healthy and unhealthy humans. Cognitive Enhancement in CNS Disorders and Beyond accomplishes exactly that in a straightforward and accessible manner.

Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement

Rethinking Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Ruud ter Meulen,Ahmed Mohammed,Wayne Hall
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-03-02
ISBN : 0198727399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In view of the high expectations of cognitive enhancement and concerns about the potential risks of using cognitive technologies, this book critically engages with the scientific and ethical issues in cognitive enhancement. The book informs critical readers and the public of the risks as wellas the promises of cognitive enhancement by the use of drugs like Modafinil, Ritalin and Aderall. It examines the assumptions made about cognitive enhancement in healthy individuals in recent ethical discussions. The reader will learn about the achievements and shortcomings of neuroscientificresearch on cognitive enhancement and to which extent the ethics of cognitive enhancement needs to be reframed in view of the evidence. The book examines for example possible trade-offs that may arise from the potential risks for healthy individuals who are using these drugs. Besides, the book explores which lessons can be learned for public health. For example, what are the risks posed by enhancement practices in relation toaddiction? A distinguishing feature about this book is that, for the first time, neuroscientists, neuropsychopharmacologists, ethicists, philosophers, public health professionals and policy researchers work together to offer a multidisciplinary, critical consideration of the ethics of the use ofpsychopharmacological drugs for cognitive enhancement.

Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Shira Knafo,César Venero
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2014-12-20
ISBN : 0124171257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive Enhancement: Pharmacologic, Environmental and Genetic Factors addresses the gap that exists in research on the topic, gathering multidisciplinary knowledge and tools that help the reader understand the basics of cognitive enhancement. It also provides assistance in designing procedures and pharmacological approaches to further the use of novel cognitive enhancers, a field that offers potential benefit to a variety of populations, including those with neurologic and psychiatric disorders, mild aging-related cognitive impairment, and those who want to improve intellectual performance. The text builds on our knowledge of the molecular/cellular basis of cognitive function, offering the technological developments that may soon enhance cognition. Separate sections cover enhancement drugs, environmental conditions, and genetic factors in terms of both human and animal studies, including both healthy/young and aging/diseased individuals. Provides a multidisciplinary knowledge, enabling a further understanding of cognitive enhancement Offers coverage of the pharmacologic, environmental, and genetic factors relevant to the topic Discusses cognitive enhancement from the perspective of both healthy and diseased or aging populations Topics are discussed in terms of both human and animal studies

Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : E Berndt ~autofilled~
Publisher : epubli
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cognitive Enhancement book written by E Berndt ~autofilled~, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cognitive Enhancement in Psychiatric Disorders

Cognitive Enhancement in Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Tomiki Sumiyoshi,Kenji Hashimoto
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-11-25
ISBN : 2889630552
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disturbances of various domains of cognitive function have been shown to provide a major determinant of outcome for patients with psychiatric conditions. Cognitive impairment is present in an array of diseases, including schizophrenia (with its prodromal stage), mood disorder, autism spectrum disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety disorder, post-traumatic disorder, and eating disorder. In an effort to develop effective therapeutics for cognitive impairment, bridging of preclinical and clinical evidence has been attempted. This edited Book will provide a forum for researchers and clinicians interested in the phenomenology, underlying mechanisms, and treatment of cognitive impairment associated with psychiatric illnesses. Twenty-eight contributions from 8 countries in Europe, Middle East, Asia, North America, and South America represent studies dealing with genetic, molecular, imaging, physiological, psychological, and behavioral issues. Information in this Book will facilitate the development of therapeutics of greater clinical value.

Cognitive Enhancement

Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Robert H. Blank
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-22
ISBN : 1137572485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Rapid advances in cognitive neuroscience and converging technologies have led to a vigorous debate over cognitive enhancement. This book outlines the ethical and social issues, but goes on to focus on the policy dimensions, which until now have received much less attention. As the economic, social and personal stakes involved with cognitive enhancement are so high, and the advances in knowledge so swift, we are likely to see increasing demands for government involvement in cognitive enhancement techniques. The book therefore places these techniques in a political context and brings the subsequent considerations and divisions to the forefront of the debate, situating their resolution within the milieu of interest group politics. The book will provide a starting point from which readers can develop a balanced policy framework for addressing such concerns.

Cognitive Enhancement in Schizophrenia and Related Disorders

Cognitive Enhancement in Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Book
Author : Matcheri Keshavan,Shaun Eack
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-03-21
ISBN : 1107194784
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practical guide on how to assess and treat schizophrenia and related disorders using cognitive rehabilitation.

Neuroethics of Cognitive Enhancement

Neuroethics of Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Anita Sue Jwa
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This dissertation, which lies at the intersection of law and biosciences, explores ethical and legal implications of emerging biotechnology. More specifically, it focuses on the use of direct biological intervention for cognitive enhancement. Recent developments in neuroscience have enabled technological advances to modulate cognitive functions of the brain. Most of these brain intervention technologies were initially developed as treatments for neuropsychiatric diseases, but researchers have begun to investigate their potential to enhance cognitive functions in the healthy population. Despite ethical concerns about cognitive enhancement, both individuals and society as a whole can greatly benefit from these technologies, depending on how we regulate their use. To date, regulatory analyses of brain intervention technologies have focused on a technology itself -- for instance, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)'s regulation of a brain stimulation device -- rather than the use of a technology, such as the use of a brain stimulation device at work or school. Given that some forms of cognitive enhancement have already started to penetrate the general public's everyday life, we should launch a discussion about potential regulatory issues regarding their use in various real-world situations. The goal of the first paper is to fill the gap by providing an analytical framework in which to examine these regulatory issues. It aims to illustrate the issues around respecting autonomy and preventing coercive use of cognitive enhancement. The proposed framework categorizes the real-world settings where a brain intervention technology can be used for cognitive enhancement based on two criteria -- who is subjected to cognitive enhancement and who imposes cognitive enhancement. Based on this framework, the article analyzes regulatory issues arising out of every combination of subject/imposing party by taking one example case. Focusing on the regulations in the United States, this analysis demonstrates the current lack of adequate safeguards against coercive use. The existing consent requirement or appeals processes are not sufficient to prevent the use of cognitive enhancement against the subject's will. This paper concludes by calling for more attention from government agencies and researchers to develop sound protections against the coercive use of cognitive enhancement. This paper was published in Neuroethics in 2019. The second paper tackles one possible use of enhancement -- use of direct biological brain intervention to improve cognitive function in minor children. Parental use and state regulation of cognitive enhancement will inevitably cause tensions between parent, child, and state. These tensions stem from two different but fundamentally related causes: minors' incompetency to make decisions about their own welfare and parental autonomy from the state to make decisions about the upbringing of their minor children. However, these tensions are not without precedents. The courts have frequently struggled to set the boundary of parental autonomy and to balance parent's rights, children's interests, and state's interests and have accumulated extensive precedents in various contexts. This paper reviews previous US court decisions in the contexts analogous to cognitive enhancement -- medical treatment, education, and mandatory vaccination -- and analyzes their implications for future discourse on the use of cognitive enhancement on minors. The third paper is an empirical study on the mechanism of a brain stimulation technology called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). tDCS delivers weak direct current to the brain using two electrodes attached to the scalp, and it is believed to be able to alter neuronal activation in a target region under/near the electrodes. It is gaining momentum both in the research community and in the general public as a safe and affordable tool for treatment and enhancement alike. However, recent meta-analyses have reported that there are inconsistent and conflicting results among tDCS studies. These inconsistencies stem in part from the lack of precise understanding of the mechanism underlying tDCS. Using a novel MRI technique, this study measures the primary direction and magnitude of current in a human brain undergoing direct current stimulation. The results show that current flow deviates significantly from its desired path under modeling and that the current primarily travels through cerebrospinal fluid, which has higher conductivity compared with gray matter and white matter. It also demonstrated that only some portion of injected current actually reached the cortex. This study provides a new way for in vivo investigation of tDCS current. Its findings also raise concerns about the ability of tDCS to target a specific region in the brain, which in turn suggests the risks of its premature application in and outside of a clinical context to modulate cognitive function. Given current and potentially more widespread use of cognitive enhancement, this dissertation should provide a useful guide for policymakers and researchers to identify issues around the use of direct biological brain interventions for cognitive enhancement and to develop sound policies to ensure the responsible use of these novel technologies.

Cognitive Enhancing Drugs

Cognitive Enhancing Drugs Book
Author : Jerry J. Buccafusco
Publisher : Birkhäuser
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3034878672
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the past decade research into the pharmacology of cognition, particularly regarding learning and memory, has supported the concept that many potential neural targets exist for the development of cognitive-enhancing drugs. Whereas the main impetus for this research has been the ever growing population of individuals with dementing disorders such as Alzheimer`s disease, attention is also being focused on issues relating to cognitive impairment associated with "normal" aging. This book is useful as a source of information for making informed decisions regarding the relative utility and attributes of the various neural targets that have been studied to date.

Chemically Modified Minds

Chemically Modified Minds Book
Author : Matthew Hall
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-05-12
ISBN : 9811567719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Chemically Modified Minds book written by Matthew Hall, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Stimulated Brain

The Stimulated Brain Book
Author : Roi Cohen Kadosh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-01
ISBN : 0124047122
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Stimulated Brain—which garnered an Honorable Mention for Biomedicine & Neuroscience at the 2015 PROSE Awards from the Association of American Publishers—presents the first integration of findings on brain stimulation from different research fields with a primary focus on Transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tES), one of the most frequently used noninvasive stimulation methods. The last decade has witnessed a significant increase in the amount of research exploring how noninvasive brain stimulation can not only modulate but also enhance cognition and brain functions. However, although Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS) and particularly tES have the potential to become more widely applicable techniques (as they come with none of the risks associated with deep brain stimulation) the reference literature on these neurotechnologies has been sparse. This resource provides a broad survey of current knowledge, and also marks future directions in cognitive and neuro-enhancement. It expands our understanding of basic research findings from animals and humans, including clear translational benefits for applied research and the therapeutic use of noninvasive brain stimulation methods. The book's coverage includes a primer that paves the way to a more advanced knowledge of tES and its physiological basis; current research findings on cognitive and neuro-enhancement in animals and typical and atypical human populations, such as neurological patients; and discussions of future directions, including specific neuroethical issues and pathways for collaboration and entrepreneurialism. The Stimulated Brain is the first book to provide a comprehensive understanding of different aspects of noninvasive brain stimulation that are critical for scientists, clinicians, and those who are interested in “stimulating their minds by exploring this fascinating field of research. Honorable Mention for Biomedicine & Neuroscience in the 2015 PROSE Awards from the Association of American Publishers The only reference on the market to focus on transcranial electrical stimulation (tES) Coverage across technical, historical, and application topics makes this the single, comprehensive resource for researchers and students Edited book with chapters authored by international leaders in the fields of medicine, neuroscience, psychology, and philosophy—providing the broadest, most expert coverage available

Theory Driven Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement

Theory Driven Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Lorenza S. Colzato
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-05
ISBN : 3319575058
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a comprehensive overview of cognitive enhancement, the use of different substances and actions (e.g., meditation, video game, smart drugs, food supplements, nutrition, brain stimulation, neurofeedback, physical exercise, music, or cognitive training) to enhance human perception, attention, memory, cognitive control, and action in healthy individuals. Chapters contain research on enhancing procedures and activities that will help to further develop enhancement based on individual needs and interests. Chapters also discuss the underlying mechanism of how these means influence and change behaviors and moods. In addition, the book also provides “real-life” examples in which the several means of cognitive enhancement have been successfully applied. It concludes with a call to develop more specific, mechanistic theories to guide cognitive enhancing programs as well as the editor’s own tailored-approach proposal for enhancing cognition for individuals. Featured topics include: The effect of caffeine on cognitive abilities. Aerobic exercise and its short-term and long-term effects on cognition. The effect, if any, of Ritalin and Modafinil on promoting cognitive enhancement. Temperature variations and its influences on behavior. The effect of food supplements across the lifespan. "Theory-Driven Approaches to Cognitive Enhancement is a must-have resource for psychologists, physicians, sport and exercise scientists, medical scientists, and teachers". “This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of different aspects of cognitive enhancement. The chapters are very focused, well-structured, in-depth, and rounded up by excellent illustrations. I highly recommend the book to readers interested in the matter”. Dr. Julia Karbach, Goethe University “It is overall a highly original book on a timely topic, with a fresh approach and rich in practical and societal implications. The book is written in a very clear way and it is a pleasure to read.” Dr. Anna M. Borghi, Sapienza University of Rome

The Neuroscience of Cognitive Enhancement

The Neuroscience of Cognitive Enhancement Book
Author : Brendan Parsons
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive enhancement is a domain of burgeoning interest in many domains including neuropsychology. While there are different methods that exist in order to achieve cognitive enhancement, there are few that are supported by research. The current work examines the state of cognitive enhancement interventions. It first outlines the weaknesses observed in these practices and then proposes a standard template for assessing cognitive enhancement tools. A research study is then presented that examines a novel cognitive enhancement tool, 3-dimensional multiple object tracking (3D-MOT), and weighs the current evidence for 3D-MOT against the proposed standard template. The results of the current work demonstrate that 3D-MOT is effective in enhancing attention, working memory and visual information processing speed, and represent a first step toward establishing 3D-MOT as a cognitive enhancement tool.

Children s Cognitive Enhancement Program

Children s Cognitive Enhancement Program Book
Author : Kenneth J Kohutek Ph D,Kenneth Kohutek, Sr.,Ann Marie Kohutek
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1949-04-15
ISBN : 9780989116404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This manual is designed to assist students enhance/further develop their cognitive skills. On-going research suggest that, when the format is closely followed, a wide range of students have demonstrated improvement in working memory, inductive reasoning, planning and spatial relations. These skills are essential in the development of both academic and social skills. The challenges are non-threatening with a gradual increase in difficulty working across four levels of difficulty. It is STRONGLY recommended that this manual and its companion manual be used together for maximum benefit from the program.

Children s Cognitive Enhancement Program

Children s Cognitive Enhancement Program Book
Author : Kenneth J Kohutek Ph D,Kenneth J. Kohutek,Ann Marie Kohutek Ed.S.
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013-10
ISBN : 9780989116442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This manual is the combination of the Primary and Elementary Levels. It is useful if the teacher/parent wishes to extend the training through the top levels. The program is designed to assist students enhance/further develop their cognitive skills. On-going research suggest that, when the format is closely followed, a wide range of students have demonstrated improvement in working memory, inductive reasoning, planning and spatial relations. These skills are essential in the development of both academic and social skills. The challenges are non-threatening with a gradual increase in difficulty working across four levels of difficulty. It is STRONGLY recommended that this manual and its companion manual utilizing visual-motor skills be used together for maximum benefit from the program.

Cognitive Enhancement the Super Soldier and Beyond

Cognitive Enhancement  the Super Soldier and Beyond Book
Author : Denise M. Crimmins
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This dissertation contributes to the discourse about emerging disruptive technology. It examines techniques that may foster a meaningful and honest discussion, within the Department of Defense (DoD), about the development and diffusion of transformational technology."--Abstract.

Social Theory and Practice

Social Theory and Practice Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Social Theory and Practice book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.