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Cognitive Biases In Health And Psychiatric Disorders

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Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders

Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : Tatjana Aue,Hadas Okon-Singer
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-23
ISBN : 0128166614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognitive Biases in Health and Psychiatric Disorders: Neurophysiological Foundations focuses on the neurophysiological basis of biases in attention, interpretation, expectancy and memory. Each chapter includes a review of each specific bias, including both positive and negative information in both healthy individuals and psychiatric populations. This book provides readers with major theories, methods used in investigating biases, brain regions associated with the related bias, and autonomic responses to specific biases. Its end goal is to provide a comprehensive overview of the neural, autonomic and cognitive mechanisms related to processing biases. Outlines neurophysiological research on diverse types of information processing bias, including attention bias, expectancy bias, interpretation bias, and memory bias Discusses both normal and pathological forms of each cognitive biases Provides specific examples on how to translate research on cognitive biases to clinical applications

Analyzing the Role of Cognitive Biases in the Decision Making Process

Analyzing the Role of Cognitive Biases in the Decision Making Process Book
Author : Juárez Ramos, Verónica
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 1522529799
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision making or making judgments is an essential function in the ordinary life of any individual. Decisions can often be made easily, but sometimes, it can be difficult due to conflict, uncertainty, or ambiguity of the variables required to make the decision. As human beings, we constantly have to decide between different activities such as occupational, recreational, political, economic, etc. These decisions can be transcendental or inconsequential. Analyzing the Role of Cognitive Biases in the Decision-Making Process presents comprehensive research focusing on cognitive shortcuts in the decision-making process. While highlighting topics including jumping to conclusion bias, personality traits, and theoretical models, this book is ideally designed for mental health professionals, psychologists, sociologists, managers, academicians, researchers, and upper-level students seeking current research on cognitive biases that affect individual decision making in daily life.

Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes

Cognitive Errors and Diagnostic Mistakes Book
Author : Jonathan Howard
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-28
ISBN : 3319932241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This case-based book illustrates and explores common cognitive biases and their consequences in the practice of medicine. The book begins with an introduction that explains the concept of cognitive errors and their importance in clinical medicine and current controversies within healthcare. The core of the book features chapters dedicated to particular cognitive biases; cases are presented and followed by a discussion of the clinician's rationale and an overview of the particular cognitive bias. Engaging and easy to read, this text provides strategies on minimizing cognitive errors in various medical and professional settings.

Cognitive Bias in Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder

Cognitive Bias in Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder Book
Author : Alyssa Ann Rheingold
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cognitive Bias in Adolescents with Social Anxiety Disorder book written by Alyssa Ann Rheingold, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Cognition and Emotion

Handbook of Cognition and Emotion Book
Author : Michael D. Robinson,Edward R. Watkins,Eddie Harmon-Jones
Publisher : Guilford Press
Release : 2013-04-03
ISBN : 1462510973
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Comprehensively examining the relationship between cognition and emotion, this authoritative handbook brings together leading investigators from multiple psychological subdisciplines. Biological underpinnings of the cognition-emotion interface are reviewed, including the role of neurotransmitters and hormones. Contributors explore how key cognitive processes--such as attention, learning, and memory--shape emotional phenomena, and vice versa. Individual differences in areas where cognition and emotion interact--such as agreeableness and emotional intelligence--are addressed. The volume also analyzes the roles of cognition and emotion in anxiety, depression, borderline personality disorder, and other psychological disorders.

An Introduction to Applied Cognitive Psychology

An Introduction to Applied Cognitive Psychology Book
Author : David Groome,Michael Eysenck
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2016-04-14
ISBN : 1317556526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Introduction to Applied Cognitive Psychology offers an accessible review of recent research in the application of cognitive methods, theories, and models. Using real-world scenarios and engaging everyday examples this book offers clear explanations of how the findings of cognitive psychologists have been put to use. The book explores all of the major areas of cognitive psychology, including attention, perception, memory, thinking and decision making, as well as some of the factors that affect cognitive processes, such as drugs and biological cycles. Now in full colour, this new edition has been thoroughly updated to include cutting-edge research and theories. There are also new chapters on perceptual errors and accidents, the influence of emotion, and the role of cognitive factors in music and sport. Written by well-respected experts in the field, this textbook will appeal to all undergraduate students of cognitive psychology, as well as professionals working in the areas covered in the book, such as education, police work, sport, and music.

Anxiety Disorders Advances in Research and Treatment 2013 Edition

Anxiety Disorders   Advances in Research and Treatment  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-06-21
ISBN : 1481672932
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Anxiety Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyBrief™ that delivers timely, authoritative, comprehensive, and specialized information about ZZZAdditional Research in a concise format. The editors have built Anxiety Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about ZZZAdditional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Anxiety Disorders—Advances in Research and Treatment: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Annual Review of Clinical Psychology

Annual Review of Clinical Psychology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Review of Clinical Psychology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Psychology

Psychology Book
Author : Douglas A. Bernstein
Publisher : Houghton Mifflin
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9780395770719
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Examines the ways in which research methods have been applied to understanding behaviour and mental processes. The unique "Linkages" system helps students understand the relationships among the subfields of psychology.

Reward Processing in Motivational and Affective Disorders

Reward Processing in Motivational and Affective Disorders Book
Author : Frank Ryan,Nikolina Skandali
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-10-11
ISBN : 288919986X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Preferential reward processing is the hallmark of addiction, where salient cues become overvalued and trigger compulsion. In depression, rewards appear to lose their incentive properties or become devalued. In the context of schizophrenia, aberrations in neural reward signalling are thought to contribute to the overvaluation of irrelevant stimuli on the one hand and the onset of negative symptoms on the other. Accordingly, reward processing has emerged as a key variable in contemporary, evidence based, diagnostic frameworks, such as the Research Domain Criteria launched by the United States National Institute of Mental Health. Delineation of the underlying mechanisms of aberrant or blunted reward processing can be of trans-diagnostic importance across several neuropsychiatric disorders. Reward processing can become automatic thus raising the question of cognitive control, a core theme of this Topic, which aims at justifying the necessity of reward processing as a potential therapeutic target in clinical settings. Empirical and theoretical contributions on the following themes were expected to: *Explore new avenues of research by investigating the processing of rewards at the cognitive, behavioral, motivational, neural systems and individual difference levels. A developmental focus is promising in this regard, probing the core processes that shape reward processing and thus subsequent liability to motivational and affective disorders. *Develop and refine conceptual models of reward processing from computational neuroscience. *Promote greater understanding and development of emergent therapeutic approaches such as cognitive bias modification and behavioural approach or avoidance training. A key question is the feasibility of reversing or modifying maladaptive patterns of reward processing to therapeutic ends. *Refine and augment the evidential database for tried and tested therapies such as Contingency Management and Behavioral Activation by focusing on core cognitive processes mediating rewards. *Provide a potential dimensional approach for reward processing deficits that can be of trans-diagnostic importance in clinically relevant disorders, including depression and addiction * Investigate the subjective experience of pleasure- the hedonic aspect of reward seeking and consumption – and how this can be distinguished from the motivational, sometimes compulsive, component of reward pursuit. This promises more nuanced and effective interventions. Depression, for instance, could be seen as the restricted pursuit of pleasure rather than blunted pleasure experience; addiction can be viewed as accentuated drug seeking despite diminished consummatory pleasure. This aims to place motivation centre stage in both scenarios, emphasising the transdiagnostic theme of the Topic. *Temporal discounting of future rewards, whereby smaller, more immediate rewards are chosen even when significantly more valuable deferred rewards are available, is another trans-diagnostic phenomenon of interest in the in the present context. Factors that influence this, such as discounting of future reward are thought to reflect compulsion in the addictive context and hopelessness on the part of people experiencing depression. The executive cognitive processes that regulate this decision making are of both scientific and clinical significance. Empirical findings, theoretical contributions or commentaries bearing on cognitive or executive control were therefore welcome.

Key Concepts in Health Psychology

Key Concepts in Health Psychology Book
Author : Ian Albery,Marcus Munafo
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2008-01-24
ISBN : 1473902975
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While current textbooks in health psychology offer the reader some conceptual reasoning about different aspects of the discipline, there is no one source which provides an accessible, navigable and cross-referenced analysis of the major models and ideas in health psychology. Key Concepts in Health Psychology provides a `one stop' analysis of key issues, theories, models and methods in contemporary health psychology. It enables the reader to engage with a full range of approaches and methods in the field, and importantly to be able to appreciate the relationships between these.

e Mental Health

e Mental Health Book
Author : Davor Mucic,Donald M. Hilty
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-10-12
ISBN : 3319208527
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the use of telecommunication technologies to provide mental health services to individuals in communities or locations that are underserviced, typically as a result of their geographic isolation or due to cultural and/or linguistic barriers. The potential of the e-Mental Health approach is demonstrated in various mental health settings by describing concrete clinical examples and applications involving novel strategies for employing technology. Further, the book presents an approach to cooperation on a global level based on the exchange of expertise and knowledge across national boundaries. The target audience includes mental health workers (clinicians and staff members), medical and nursing students, academic researchers, technology professionals and health care policy makers.

Proceedings

Proceedings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2009
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders

Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders Book
Author : American Psychiatric Association. Task Force on Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 9780890422045
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders book written by American Psychiatric Association. Task Force on Treatments of Psychiatric Disorders, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

CBT for Those at Risk of a First Episode Psychosis

CBT for Those at Risk of a First Episode Psychosis Book
Author : Mark van der Gaag,Dorien Nieman,David van den Berg
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 1135052697
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Can severe mental illness be prevented by early intervention? Mental illness is highly prevalent in the general population and has its onset mostly in adolescence and young adulthood. Early intervention usually leads to improved prognosis. This book describes a newly developed, evidence based cognitive behavioural intervention that can be used by clinicians to treat the precursor symptoms of psychosis and other severe mental illness. CBT for those at risk of a First Episode Psychosis offers a detailed new psychotherapy that has been shown to reduce the chance of transition to a first psychotic episode and to improve the chance for recovery. This encompasses: Psycho-education about prepsychotic symptoms A review of literature about psychological processes that are known to play a role in the development of psychosis A comprehensive manual – illustrated by numerous clinical vignettes - that can be used to treat help-seeking subjects with an increased risk of developing psychosis. Links to online resources and exercises to be used in therapy and education. A description of the multicentre randomized clinical trial investigating this new psychotherapy. The vast collective experience and expertise of the authors of this handbook results in an invaluable text for clinicians working in mental health care, as well as students, lecturers and researchers who have an interest in the prevention of schizophrenia and other severe mental illness.

Handbook of Psychology Clinical Psychology

Handbook of Psychology  Clinical Psychology Book
Author : George Stricker,Thomas A. Widiger
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2004-04-19
ISBN : 9780471666714
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, an future course of major unresolved issues in the area.

Psychology

Psychology Book
Author : Wayne Weiten
Publisher : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since the First Edition of this book appeared, professors have praised its visual presentation of concepts, accessible writing style, and solid research-based scholarship. PSYCHOLOGY: THEMES AND VARIATIONS is about the ideas and concepts behind the research studies. His straightforward style gets students to contemplate open-ended questions, examine their assumptions, and apply psychological concepts to their own lives. Wayne Weiten surveys psychology's broad range of content with three aims: to illuminate the process of research and its intrinsic relationship to application; to show both the unity and diversity of the subject, and to invite students to the study of psychology by respecting their ability to master its fundamental concepts. Integrative themes--including empiricism, theoretical diversity, sociohistorical contexts, multifactorial causation, cultural heritage, heredity and environment, and subjectivity of experience--are woven throughout the text to provide connections among the different areas of research in psychology. The book's dynamic, teaching-oriented illustration program further enhances these themes. Weiten reinforces concepts through exercises that appear at the end of every chapter. At the same time, the author presents topics in a hierarchical manner, giving students handles they can use to prioritize concepts within the chapter.

Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry

Digest of Neurology and Psychiatry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1995
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Abstracts and reviews of selected literature in psychiatry, neurology and their allied fields." (varies slightly)

Schizophrenia Treatment

Schizophrenia Treatment Book
Author : Yu-Chih Shen
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-12-14
ISBN : 9535128256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Schizophrenia treatment has many facets. This book begins with the glutamatergic and GABAergic hypofunctioning contribute to the schizophrenic symptoms and their current targeted therapeutics. The genetic, epigenetic, and immune etiologies of schizophrenia and their potential targeted therapeutics as approached in this book are interesting. Understanding cognitive biases and delusional circuits in schizophrenia is important; several behavioral cognitive therapies working on the reduction and avoidance of these cognitive biases are demonstrating their effectiveness. Advances in schizophrenia treatment followed, including transcranial magnetic stimulation and special sport program, are presented at the book's end.

Social sciences index

Social sciences index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Social sciences index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.