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Cognitive Approach To Natural Language Processing

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Cognitive Approach to Natural Language Processing

Cognitive Approach to Natural Language Processing Book
Author : Bernadette Sharp,Florence Sedes,Wieslaw Lubaszewski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-31
ISBN : 008102343X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As natural language processing spans many different disciplines, it is sometimes difficult to understand the contributions and the challenges that each of them presents. This book explores the special relationship between natural language processing and cognitive science, and the contribution of computer science to these two fields. It is based on the recent research papers submitted at the international workshops of Natural Language and Cognitive Science (NLPCS) which was launched in 2004 in an effort to bring together natural language researchers, computer scientists, and cognitive and linguistic scientists to collaborate together and advance research in natural language processing. The chapters cover areas related to language understanding, language generation, word association, word sense disambiguation, word predictability, text production and authorship attribution. This book will be relevant to students and researchers interested in the interdisciplinary nature of language processing. Discusses the problems and issues that researchers face, providing an opportunity for developers of NLP systems to learn from cognitive scientists, cognitive linguistics and neurolinguistics Provides a valuable opportunity to link the study of natural language processing to the understanding of the cognitive processes of the brain

Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science

Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science Book
Author : Bernadette Sharp,Rodolfo Delmonte
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2015-03-10
ISBN : 1501501283
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Peer reviewed articles from the Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science (NLPCS) 2014 meeting in October 2014 workshop. The meeting fosters interactions among researchers and practitioners in NLP by taking a Cognitive Science perspective. Articles cover topics such as artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology and language learning.

Integration of Natural Language and Vision Processing

Integration of Natural Language and Vision Processing Book
Author : Paul Mc Kevitt
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400916396
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Although there has been much progress in developing theories, models and systems in the areas of Natural Language Processing (NLP) and Vision Processing (VP), there has heretofore been little progress on integrating these two subareas of Artificial Intelligence (AI). This book contains a set of edited papers addressing theoretical issues and the grounding of representations in NLP and VP from philosophical and psychological points of view. The papers focus on site descriptions such as the reasoning work on space at Leeds, UK, the systems work of the ILS (Illinois, U.S.A.) and philosophical work on grounding at Torino, Italy, on Schank's earlier work on pragmatics and meaning incorporated into hypermedia teaching systems, Wilks' visions on metaphor, on experimental data for how people fuse language and vision and theories and computational models, mainly connectionist, for tackling Searle's Chinese Room Problem and Harnad's Symbol Grounding Problem. The Irish Room is introduced as a mechanism through which integration solves the Chinese Room. The U.S.A., China and the EU are well reflected, showing the fact that integration is a truly international issue. There is no doubt that all of this will be necessary for the SuperInformationHighways of the future.

Computational and Cognitive Approaches to Narratology

Computational and Cognitive Approaches to Narratology Book
Author : Ogata, Takashi,Akimoto, Taisuke
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-07-15
ISBN : 1522504338
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studying narratives is often the best way to gain a good understanding of how various aspects of human information are organized and integrated—the narrator employs specific informational methods to build the whole structure of a narrative through combining temporally constructed events in light of an array of relationships to the narratee and these methods reveal the interaction of the rational and the sensitive aspects of human information. Computational and Cognitive Approaches to Narratology discusses issues of narrative-related information and communication technologies, cognitive mechanism and analyses, and theoretical perspectives on narratives and the story generation process. Focusing on emerging research as well as applications in a variety of fields including marketing, philosophy, psychology, art, and literature, this timely publication is an essential reference source for researchers, professionals, and graduate students in various information technology, cognitive studies, design, and creative fields.

Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Robotics

Natural Language Understanding and Cognitive Robotics Book
Author : Masao Yokota
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-12-06
ISBN : 100073305X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the not so distant future, we can expect a world where humans and robots coexist and interact with each other. For this to occur, we need to understand human traits, such as seeing, hearing, thinking, speaking, etc., and institute these traits in robots. The most essential feature necessary for robots to achieve is that of integrative multimedia understanding (IMU) which occurs naturally in humans. It allows us to assimilate pieces of information expressed through different modes such as speech, pictures, gestures, etc. The book describes how robots acquire traits like natural language understanding (NLU) as the central part of IMU. Mental image directed semantic theory (MIDST) is its core, and is based on the hypothesis that NLU is essentially the processing of mental image associated with natural language expressions, namely, mental-image based understanding (MBU). MIDST is intended to model omnisensory mental image in human and to afford a knowledge representation system in order for integrative management of knowledge subjective to cognitive mechanisms of intelligent entities such as humans and robots based on a mental image model visualized as ‘Loci in Attribute Spaces’ and its description language Lmd (mental image description language) to be employed for predicate logic with a systematic scheme for symbol-grounding. This language works as an interlingua among various kinds of information media, and has been applied to several versions of the intelligent system interlingual understanding model aiming at general system (IMAGES). Its latest version, i.e. conversation management system (CMS) simulates MBU and comprehends the user’s intention through dialogue to find and solve problems, and finally, provides a response in text or animation. The book is aimed at researchers and students interested in artificial intelligence, robotics, and cognitive science. Based on philosophical considerations, the methodology will also have an appeal in linguistics, psychology, ontology, geography, and cartography. Key Features: Describes the methodology to provide robots with human-like capability of natural language understanding (NLU) as the central part of IMU Uses methodology that also relates to linguistics, psychology, ontology, geography, and cartography Examines current trends in machine translation

Cognitive Computing and Big Data Analytics

Cognitive Computing and Big Data Analytics Book
Author : Judith S. Hurwitz,Marcia Kaufman,Adrian Bowles
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-02-12
ISBN : 1118896637
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive guide to learning technologies that unlock the value in big data Cognitive Computing provides detailed guidance toward building a new class of systems that learn from experience and derive insights to unlock the value of big data. This book helps technologists understand cognitive computing's underlying technologies, from knowledge representation techniques and natural language processing algorithms to dynamic learning approaches based on accumulated evidence, rather than reprogramming. Detailed case examples from the financial, healthcare, and manufacturing walk readers step-by-step through the design and testing of cognitive systems, and expert perspectives from organizations such as Cleveland Clinic, Memorial Sloan-Kettering, as well as commercial vendors that are creating solutions. These organizations provide insight into the real-world implementation of cognitive computing systems. The IBM Watson cognitive computing platform is described in a detailed chapter because of its significance in helping to define this emerging market. In addition, the book includes implementations of emerging projects from Qualcomm, Hitachi, Google and Amazon. Today's cognitive computing solutions build on established concepts from artificial intelligence, natural language processing, ontologies, and leverage advances in big data management and analytics. They foreshadow an intelligent infrastructure that enables a new generation of customer and context-aware smart applications in all industries. Cognitive Computing is a comprehensive guide to the subject, providing both the theoretical and practical guidance technologists need. Discover how cognitive computing evolved from promise to reality Learn the elements that make up a cognitive computing system Understand the groundbreaking hardware and software technologies behind cognitive computing Learn to evaluate your own application portfolio to find the best candidates for pilot projects Leverage cognitive computing capabilities to transform the organization Cognitive systems are rightly being hailed as the new era of computing. Learn how these technologies enable emerging firms to compete with entrenched giants, and forward-thinking established firms to disrupt their industries. Professionals who currently work with big data and analytics will see how cognitive computing builds on their foundation, and creates new opportunities. Cognitive Computing provides complete guidance to this new level of human-machine interaction.

Post Narratology Through Computational and Cognitive Approaches

Post Narratology Through Computational and Cognitive Approaches Book
Author : Ogata, Takashi,Akimoto, Taisuke
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2019-02-01
ISBN : 152257980X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studying narratives is an ideal method to gain a good understanding of how various aspects of human information are organized and integrated. The concept and methods of a narrative, which have been explored in narratology and literary theories, are likely to be connected with contemporary information studies in the future, including those in computational fields such as AI, and in cognitive science. This will result in the emergence of a significant conceptual and methodological foundation for various technologies of novel contents, media, human interface, etc. Post-Narratology Through Computational and Cognitive Approaches explores the new possibilities and directions of narrative-related technologies and theories and their implications on the innovative design, development, and creation of future media and contents (such as automatic narrative or story generation systems) through interdisciplinary approaches to narratology that are dependent on computational and cognitive studies. While highlighting topics including artificial intelligence, narrative analysis, and rhetoric generation, this book is ideally designed for designers, creators, developers, researchers, and advanced-level students.

Analyzing Discourse and Text Complexity for Learning and Collaborating

Analyzing Discourse and Text Complexity for Learning and Collaborating Book
Author : Mihai Dascălu
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2013-11-26
ISBN : 3319034197
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the advent and increasing popularity of Computer Supported Collaborative Learning (CSCL) and e-learning technologies, the need of automatic assessment and of teacher/tutor support for the two tightly intertwined activities of comprehension of reading materials and of collaboration among peers has grown significantly. In this context, a polyphonic model of discourse derived from Bakhtin’s work as a paradigm is used for analyzing both general texts and CSCL conversations in a unique framework focused on different facets of textual cohesion. As specificity of our analysis, the individual learning perspective is focused on the identification of reading strategies and on providing a multi-dimensional textual complexity model, whereas the collaborative learning dimension is centered on the evaluation of participants’ involvement, as well as on collaboration assessment. Our approach based on advanced Natural Language Processing techniques provides a qualitative estimation of the learning process and enhances understanding as a “mediator of learning” by providing automated feedback to both learners and teachers or tutors. The main benefits are its flexibility, extensibility and nevertheless specificity for covering multiple stages, starting from reading classroom materials, to discussing on specific topics in a collaborative manner and finishing the feedback loop by verbalizing metacognitive thoughts.

Statistical Language and Speech Processing

Statistical Language and Speech Processing Book
Author : Luis Espinosa-Anke,Carlos Martín-Vide,Irena Spasić
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-25
ISBN : 3030594300
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Statistical Language and Speech Processing, SLSP 2020, held in Cardiff, UK, in October 2020. The 13 full papers presented together with one invited paper in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 25 submissions. They papers cover the wide spectrum of statistical methods that are currently in use in computational language or speech processing.

Cognitive Neuroscience of Natural Language Use

Cognitive Neuroscience of Natural Language Use Book
Author : Roel M. Willems
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-02-12
ISBN : 1107042011
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Contributors to this book argue that we should study the brain basis of language as used in our daily lives.

Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science

Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science Book
Author : Bernadette Sharp,Rodolfo Delmonte
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2015-03-10
ISBN : 1501501313
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Peer reviewed articles from the Natural Language Processing and Cognitive Science (NLPCS) 2014 meeting in October 2014 workshop.The meeting fosters interactions among researchers and practitioners in NLP by taking a Cognitive Science perspective. Articles cover topics such as artificial intelligence, computational linguistics, psycholinguistics, cognitive psychology and language learning.

Emotions Technology and Design

Emotions  Technology  and Design Book
Author : Sharon Tettegah,Safiya Noble
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2015-12-28
ISBN : 0081007019
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emotional design explicitly addresses the emotional relationship between the objects and the subjects of design—in this book, the objects are technologies, and the subjects are technology users. The first section delves into the philosophy and theory of emotional design to provide a foundation for the rest of the book, which goes on to discuss emotional design principles, the design and use of emoticons, and then intelligent agents in a variety of settings. A conclusion chapter covers future research and directions. Emotions, Technology, and Design provides a thorough look at how technology design affects emotions and how to use that understanding to in practical applications. Discusses the role of culture, trust, and identity in empathetic technology Presents a framework for using sound to elicit positive emotional responses Details the emotional use of color in design Explores the use of emoticons, earcons, and tactons Addresses the emotional design specific to agent-based environments

Cognitive Theory

Cognitive Theory Book
Author : F. Restle
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2018-12-07
ISBN : 1134924496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

First published in 1982. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Natural Language Processing NLP 2000

Natural Language Processing   NLP 2000 Book
Author : Dimitris N. Christodoulakis
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2003-06-26
ISBN : 3540451544
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume contains the papers prepared for the 2nd International Conference on Natural Language Processing, held 2-4 June in Patras, Greece. The conference program features invited talks and submitted papers, c- ering a wide range of NLP areas: text segmentation, morphological analysis, lexical knowledge acquisition and representation, grammar formalism and s- tacticparsing,discourse analysis,languagegeneration,man-machineinteraction, machine translation, word sense disambiguation, and information extraction. The program committee received 71 abstracts, of which unfortunately no more than 50% could be accepted. Every paper was reviewed by at least two reviewers. The fairness of the reviewing process is demonstrated by the broad spread of institutions and countries represented in the accepted papers. So many have contributed to the success of the conference. The primary credit, ofcourse, goes to theauthors andto the invitedspeakers. By theirpapers and their inspired talks they established the quality of the conference. Secondly, thanks should go to the referees and to the program committee members who did a thorough and conscientious job. It was not easy to select the papers to be presented. Last, but not least, my special thanks to the organizing committee for making this conference happen.

Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory

Computational Cognitive Modeling and Linguistic Theory Book
Author : Adrian Brasoveanu,Jakub Dotlačil
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-01
ISBN : 303031846X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book introduces a general framework that allows natural language researchers to enhance existing competence theories with fully specified performance and processing components. Gradually developing increasingly complex and cognitively realistic competence-performance models, it provides running code for these models and shows how to fit them to real-time experimental data. This computational cognitive modeling approach opens up exciting new directions for research in formal semantics, and linguistics more generally, and offers new ways of (re)connecting semantics and the broader field of cognitive science. The approach of this book is novel in more ways than one. Assuming the mental architecture and procedural modalities of Anderson's ACT-R framework, it presents fine-grained computational models of human language processing tasks which make detailed quantitative predictions that can be checked against the results of self-paced reading and other psycho-linguistic experiments. All models are presented as computer programs that readers can run on their own computer and on inputs of their choice, thereby learning to design, program and run their own models. But even for readers who won't do all that, the book will show how such detailed, quantitatively predicting modeling of linguistic processes is possible. A methodological breakthrough and a must for anyone concerned about the future of linguistics! (Hans Kamp) This book constitutes a major step forward in linguistics and psycholinguistics. It constitutes a unique synthesis of several different research traditions: computational models of psycholinguistic processes, and formal models of semantics and discourse processing. The work also introduces a sophisticated python-based software environment for modeling linguistic processes. This book has the potential to revolutionize not only formal models of linguistics, but also models of language processing more generally. (Shravan Vasishth) .

Cognitive Approaches to Tense Aspect and Epistemic Modality

Cognitive Approaches to Tense  Aspect  and Epistemic Modality Book
Author : Adeline Patard,Frank Brisard
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 9027285217
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume addresses problems of semantics regarding the analysis of tense and aspect (TA) markers in a variety of languages, including Arabic, Croatian, English, French, German, Russian, Thai, and Turkish. Its main interest goes out to epistemic uses of such markers, whereby epistemic modality is understood as indicating “a degree of compatibility between the modal world and the factual world” (Declerck). All contributions, moreover, tackle these problems from a more or less cognitive point of view, with some of them insisting on the need to provide a unifying explanation for all usage types, temporal and non-temporal, and all of them accepting the premise that the semantics of TA categories essentially refers to subjective, rather than objective, concerns. The volume also represents one of the first attempts to gather accounts of TA marking (in various languages) that are explicitly set within the framework of Cognitive Grammar. Ultimately, this volume aims to contribute to establishing an awareness that modal meaning elements are directly relevant to the analysis of the grammar of time.

Social and Cognitive Approaches to Interpersonal Communication

Social and Cognitive Approaches to Interpersonal Communication Book
Author : Susan R. Fussell,Roger J. Kreuz
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2014-02-25
ISBN : 1317778979
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Historically, the social aspects of language use have been considered the domain of social psychology, while the underlying psycholinguistic mechanisms have been the purview of cognitive psychology. Recently, it has become increasingly clear that these two dimensions are highly interrelated: cognitive mechanisms underlying speech production and comprehension interact with social psychological factors, such as beliefs about one's interlocutors and politeness norms, and with the dynamics of the conversation itself, to produce shared meaning. This realization has led to an exciting body of research integrating the social and cognitive dimensions which has greatly increased our understanding of human language use. Each chapter in this volume demonstrates how the theoretical approaches and research methods of social and cognitive psychology can be successfully interwoven to provide insight into one or more fundamental questions about the process of interpersonal communication. The topics under investigation include the nature and role of speaker intentions in the communicative process, the production and comprehension of indirect speech and figurative language, perspective-taking and conversational collaboration, and the relationships between language, cognition, culture, and social interaction. The book will be of interest to all those who study interpersonal language use: social and cognitive psychologists, theoretical and applied linguists, and communication researchers.

Natural Language Processing and Computational Linguistics

Natural Language Processing and Computational Linguistics Book
Author : Mohamed Zakaria Kurdi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-17
ISBN : 1119145562
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Natural language processing (NLP) is a scientific discipline which is found at the interface of computer science, artificial intelligence and cognitive psychology. Providing an overview of international work in this interdisciplinary field, this book gives the reader a panoramic view of both early and current research in NLP. Carefully chosen multilingual examples present the state of the art of a mature field which is in a constant state of evolution. In four chapters, this book presents the fundamental concepts of phonetics and phonology and the two most important applications in the field of speech processing: recognition and synthesis. Also presented are the fundamental concepts of corpus linguistics and the basic concepts of morphology and its NLP applications such as stemming and part of speech tagging. The fundamental notions and the most important syntactic theories are presented, as well as the different approaches to syntactic parsing with reference to cognitive models, algorithms and computer applications.

Language Processing and Grammars

Language Processing and Grammars Book
Author : Brian Nolan,Carlos Periñán-Pascual
Publisher : John Benjamins Publishing Company
Release : 2014-04-15
ISBN : 9027270643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a growing awareness of the significance and value that modelling using information technology can bring to the functionally oriented linguistic enterprise. This encompasses a spectrum of areas as diverse as concept modelling, language processing and grammar modelling, conversational agents, and the visualisation of complex linguistic information in a functional linguistic perspective. This edited volume offers a collection of papers dealing with different aspects of computational modelling of language and grammars, within a functional perspective at both the theoretical and application levels. As a result, this volume represents the first instance of contemporary functionally oriented computational treatments of a variety of important language and linguistic issues. This book presents current research on functionally oriented computational models of grammar, language processing and linguistics, concerned with a broadly functional computational linguistics that also contributes to our understanding of languages within a functional and cognitive linguistic, computational research agenda.