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Cognition Sociale Et Schizophrenie

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Computers and Games for Mental Health and Well Being

Computers and Games for Mental Health and Well Being Book
Author : Yasser Khazaal,Jérôme Favrod,Anna Sort,François Borgeat,Stéphane Bouchard
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2018-07-12
ISBN : 2889454967
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Computers and Games for Mental Health and Well Being book written by Yasser Khazaal,Jérôme Favrod,Anna Sort,François Borgeat,Stéphane Bouchard, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Les antipsychotiques Les m dicaments psychotropes

Les antipsychotiques    Les m  dicaments psychotropes Book
Author : THOMAS Pierre
Publisher : Lavoisier
Release : 2013-12-16
ISBN : 2257705416
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Le développement des antipsychotiques a marqué une nouvelle ère thérapeutique après la découverte du premier neuroleptique dans les années 1950. Leur principale indication demeure les symptômes psychotiques, même s’ils offrent également de nouvelles perspectives de traitement pour certains troubles de la personnalité ou du comportement. Cependant, l’image négative qu’ont longtemps eue les neuroleptiques n’est pas totalement effacée, et cet ouvrage a pour but d’apporter toutes les informations nécessaires aux prescripteurs pour rationaliser leur choix thérapeutique et favoriser le meilleur usage possible des antipsychotiques : - les bases fondamentales : pharmacologie, pharmacogénétique, effets métaboliques et cognitifs ; - les aspects cliniques : épisodes aigus de schizophrénie, troubles bipolaires, troubles affectifs non bipolaires, TOC et affections neurologiques, tolérance des antipsychotiques et molécules à action prolongée ; - les spécificités liées aux populations : enfants et adolescents, période périnatale, personnes âgées, situations d’urgence ; - le bon usage et l’éducation thérapeutique du patient. Réunissant une quarantaine de spécialistes reconnus, riche d’une cinquantaine de tableaux et schémas explicatifs et d’un index détaillé, cet ouvrage est la référence indispensable pour tous les praticiens devant prescrire des antipsychotiques.

Advances in Virtual Agents and Affective Computing for the Understanding and Remediation of Social Cognitive Disorders

Advances in Virtual Agents and Affective Computing for the Understanding and Remediation of Social Cognitive Disorders Book
Author : Eric Brunet-Gouet,Ali Oker,Jean-Claude Martin,Ouriel Grynszpan,Philip L. Jackson
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2016-03-02
ISBN : 2889197875
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in modern sciences occur thanks to within-fields discoveries as well as confrontation of concepts and methods from separated, sometimes distant, domains of knowledge. For instance, the fields of psychology and psychopathology benefited from accumulated contributions from cognitive neurosciences, which, in turn, received insights from molecular chemistry, cellular biology, physics (neuroimaging), statistics and computer sciences (data processing), etc. From the results of these researches, one can argue that among the numerous cognitive phenomena supposedly involved in the emergence the human intelligence and organized behavior, some of them are specific to the social nature of our phylogenetic order. Scientific reductionism allowed to divide the social cognitive system into several components, i.e. emotion processing and regulation, mental state inference (theory of mind), agency, etc. New paradigms were progressively designed to investigate these processes within highly-controlled laboratory settings. Moreover, the related constructs were successful at better understanding psychopathological conditions such as autism and schizophrenia, with partial relationships with illness outcomes. Here, we would like to outline the parallel development of concepts in social neurosciences and in other domains such as computer science, affective computing, virtual reality development, and even hardware technologies. While several researchers in neurosciences pointed out the necessity to consider naturalistic social cognition (Zaki and Ochsner, Ann N Y Acad Sci 1167, 16-30, 2009), the second person perspective (Schilbach et al., Behav Brain Sci 36(4), 393-414, 2013) and reciprocity (de Bruin et al., Front Hum Neurosci 6, 151, 2012), both computer and software developments allowed more and more realistic real-time models of our environment and of virtual humans capable of some interaction with users. As noted at the very beginning of this editorial, a new convergence between scientific disciplines might occur from which it is tricky to predict the outcomes in terms of new concepts, methods and uses. Although this convergence is motivated by the intuition that it fits well ongoing societal changes (increasing social demands on computer technologies, augmenting funding), it comes with several difficulties for which the current Frontiers in’ topic strives to bring some positive answers, and to provide both theoretical arguments and experimental examples. The first issue is about concepts and vocabulary as the contributions described in the following are authored by neuroscientists, computer scientists, psychopathologists, etc. A special attention was given during the reviewing process to stay as close as possible to the publication standards in psychological and health sciences, and to avoid purely technical descriptions. The second problem concerns methods: more complex computerized interaction models results in unpredictable and poorly controlled experiments. In other words, the assets of naturalistic paradigms may be alleviated by the difficulty to match results between subjects, populations, conditions. Of course, this practical question is extremely important for investigating pathologies that are associated with profoundly divergent behavioral patterns. Some of the contributions of this topic provide description of strategies that allowed to solve these difficulties, at least partially. The last issue is about heterogeneity of the objectives of the researches presented here. While selection criteria focused on the use of innovative technologies to assess or improve social cognition, the fields of application of this approach were quite unexpected. In an attempt to organize the contributions, three directions of research can be identified: 1) how innovation in methods might improve understanding and assessment of social cognition disorders or pathology? 2) within the framework of cognitive behavioral psychotherapies (CBT), how should we consider the use of virtual reality or augmented reality? 3) which are the benefits of these techniques for investigating severe mental disorders (schizophrenia or autism) and performing cognitive training? The first challenging question is insightfully raised in the contribution of Timmermans and Schilbach (2014) giving orientations for investigating alterations of social interaction in psychiatric disorders by the use of dual interactive eye tracking with virtual anthropomorphic avatars. Joyal, Jacob and collaborators (2014) bring concurrent and construct validities of a newly developed set of virtual faces expressing six fundamental emotions. The relevance of virtual reality was exemplified with two contributions focusing on anxiety related phenomena. Jackson et al. (2015) describe a new environment allowing to investigate empathy for dynamic FACS-coded facial expressions including pain. Based on a systematic investigation of the impact of social stimuli modalities (visual, auditory), Ruch and collaborators are able to characterize the specificity of the interpretation of laughter in people with gelotophobia (2014). On the issue of social anxiety, Aymerich-Franch et al. (2014) presented two studies in which public speaking anxiety has been correlated with avatars’ similarity of participants’ self-representations. The second issue focuses on how advances in virtual reality may benefit to cognitive and behavioral therapies in psychiatry. These interventions share a common framework that articulates thoughts, feelings or emotions and behaviors and proposes gradual modification of each of these levels thanks to thought and schema analysis, stress reduction procedures, etc. They were observed to be somehow useful for the treatment of depression, stress disorders, phobias, and are gaining some authority in personality disorders and addictions. The main asset of new technologies is the possibility to control the characteristics of symptom-eliciting stimuli/situations, and more precisely the degree to which immersion is enforced. For example, Baus and Bouchard (2014) provide a review on the extension of virtual reality exposure-based therapy toward recently described augmented reality exposure-based therapy in individuals with phobias. Concerning substance dependence disorders, Hone-Blanchet et collaborators (2014) present another review on how virtual reality can be an asset for both therapy and craving assessment stressing out the possibilities to simulate social interactions associated with drug seeking behaviors and even peers’ pressure to consume. The last issue this Frontiers’ topic deals with encompasses the questions raised by social cognitive training or remediation in severe and chronic mental disorders (autistic disorders, schizophrenia). Here, therapies are based on drill and practice or strategy shaping procedures, and, most of the time, share an errorless learning of repeated cognitive challenges. Computerized methods were early proposed for that they do, effortlessly and with limited costs, repetitive stimulations. While, repetition was incompatible with realism in the social cognitive domain, recent advances provide both immersion and full control over stimuli. Georgescu and al. (2014) exhaustively reviews the use of virtual

Manuel de Psychologie Et de Psychopathologie Clinique G n rale

Manuel de Psychologie Et de Psychopathologie Clinique G  n  rale Book
Author : René Roussillon
Publisher : Elsevier Masson
Release : 2014-07
ISBN : 2294738721
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ce manuel présente la logique des processus de la vie psychique à tous les âges de la vie, de la naissance à la vieillesse. Les auteurs, issus de la pensée psychanalytique, retracent tout d'abord l'histoire de la réalité psychique de la subjectivité. Ils présentent ensuite les logiques, en large partie inconscientes, qui sous-tendent les formes d'expression de la psychopathologie. L'apport des neurosciences dans le champ de la psychopathologie est également abordé. Une approche projective complète enfin cette démarche d'ensemble et fournit une méthode pour médiatiser la subjectivité propre du clinicien. Ainsi composé, ce manuel s'adresse à tous ceux qui, étudiants, jeunes professionnels et psychologues confirmés, sont soucieux d'une vue d'ensemble et actualisée de l'approche clinique de la vie psychique et des formes de sa pathologie. Cette deuxième édition a été enrichie des nouvelles thématiques suivantes: le travail de psychothérapie et les médiations thérapeutiques, ainsi que la psychopathologie du sujet vieillissant.

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia Book
Author : David L. Roberts,David L. Penn
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-01-17
ISBN : 0199777586
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social Cognition in Schizophrenia: From Evidence to Treatment provides a firm grounding in the theory and research of normal social cognition, builds on this base to describe how social cognition appears to be dysfunctional in schizophrenia, and explains how this dysfunction might be ameliorated.

From Electrons to Elephants and Elections

From Electrons to Elephants and Elections Book
Author : Shyam Wuppuluri
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-05-26
ISBN : 3030921921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download From Electrons to Elephants and Elections book written by Shyam Wuppuluri, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

From DNA to Social Cognition

From DNA to Social Cognition Book
Author : Richard Ebstein,Simone Shamay-Tsoory,Soo Hong Chew
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-04
ISBN : 1118101790
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Decision-making is an integral part of our daily lives. Researchers seek a complete understanding of the decision-making process, including the biological and social basis and the impact of our decisions. From DNA to Social Cognition fills a gap in the literature that brings together the methods, perspectives, and knowledge of the geneticists, neuroscientists, economists, and psychologists that are integral to this field of research. The editors’ unique expertise ensures an integrated and complete compilation of materials that will prove useful to researchers and scientists interested in social cognition and decision-making.

Social Representations in the Social Arena

Social Representations in the  Social Arena  Book
Author : Annamaria Silvana de Rosa
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-10-02
ISBN : 1136238662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Social Representations in the 'Social Arena' presents key theoretical issues and extensive empirical research using different theoretical and methodological approaches to consider the value of social representation theory when social representations are examined in real world contexts. This comprehensive text brings together international experts to explore the relevance of a variety of applications of social representation theory in both institutional and organizational settings, and discusses how social representation theory compares with other constructs of social psychology. Areas covered include: justice leadership health and mental illness intergroup relations identity politics environment and tourism economics. This book will appeal to a range of academic researchers and practitioners from a variety of fields who are concerned with the application of social representation theory to various contexts as a heuristic tool for addressing and understanding relevant societal issues faced with 'social demand'.

Schizophr nies d butantes

Schizophr  nies d  butantes Book
Author : Fédération française de psychiatrie
Publisher : John Libbey Eurotext
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9782742004485
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fait le point sur la schizophrénie, enjeu majeur de santé publique compte tenu du caractère chronique de ces affections, des souffrances qu'elles engendrent pour les individus atteints et leur famille et de la nécessité de développer des thérapeutiques spécifiques et des programmes de soins adaptés.

Digital Organizations Manufacturing

Digital Organizations Manufacturing Book
Author : Maryse Carmès
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-06-21
ISBN : 111952766X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In what sort of assemblages, the strategies and digital policies in organization are made? Beyond digital mantras and management slogans/fictions, what is the concrete factory of information management system? What are the parts of the human and no human actors? Is it possible to create a new approach to understand how work change (or not), to explore the potential for a social and cognitive innovation way, considering simultaneously the increase of Data Management and the organizational analytics?

Modeling and Using Context

Modeling and Using Context Book
Author : Patrick Brézillon,Roy Turner,Carlo Penco
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-06
ISBN : 3319578375
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the proceedings of the 10th International and Interdisciplinary Conference on Modeling and Using Context, CONTEXT 2017, held in Paris, France, in June 2017. The 26 full papers and 15 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 88 submissions. The papers feature research in a wide range of disciplines related to issues of context and contextual knowledge and discuss commonalities across and differences between the disciplines' approaches to the study of context. They are organized in the following topical sections: context in representation; context modeling of human activities; context in communication; context awareness; and various specific topics.

PASCAL

PASCAL  Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download PASCAL book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Canadian Journal of Psychiatry

Canadian Journal of Psychiatry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Canadian Journal of Psychiatry book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Delusion and Self Deception

Delusion and Self Deception Book
Author : Tim Bayne,Jordi Fernández
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2010-10-18
ISBN : 1136874860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection of essays focuses on the interface between delusions and self-deception. As pathologies of belief, delusions and self-deception raise many of the same challenges for those seeking to understand them. Are delusions and self-deception entirely distinct phenomena, or might some forms of self-deception also qualify as delusional? To what extent might models of self-deception and delusion share common factors? In what ways do affect and motivation enter into normal belief-formation, and how might they be implicated in self-deception and delusion? The essays in this volume tackle these questions from both empirical and conceptual perspectives. Some contributors focus on the general question of how to locate self-deception and delusion within our taxonomy of psychological states. Some contributors ask whether particular delusions - such as the Capgras delusion or anosognosia for hemiplegia - might be explained by appeal to motivational and affective factors. And some contributors provide general models of motivated reasoning, against which theories of pathological belief-formation might be measured. The volume will be of interest to cognitive scientists, clinicians, and philosophers interested in the nature of belief and the disturbances to which it is subject.

PASCAL explore

PASCAL explore Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1989
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download PASCAL explore book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Glossary of Morphology

Glossary of Morphology Book
Author : Federico Vercellone,Salvatore Tedesco
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-12-01
ISBN : 3030513246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a significant novelty in the scientific and editorial landscape. Morphology is both an ancient and a new discipline that rests on Goethe's heritage and re-forms it in the present through the concepts of form and image. The latter are to be understood as structural elements of a new cultural grammar able to make the late modern world intelligible. In particular, compared to the original Goethean project, but also to C.P. Snow's idea of unifying the “two cultures”, the fields of morphological culture that are the object of this glossary have profoundly changed. The ever-increasing importance of the image as a polysemic form has made the two concepts absolutely transitive, so to speak. This is concomitant with the emergence of a culture that revolves around the image, attracting the verbal logos into its orbit. Incidentally, even the hermeneutic relationship between past and present relies more and more on the image, causing deep changes in cultural environments. Form and image are not just bridging concepts, as in the field of ancient morphology, but real transitive concepts that define the state of a culture. From the Internet to smartphones, television, advertising, etc., we are witnessing – as Horst Bredekamp observes – an immense mass of images that fill our time and affect the most diverse areas of our culture. The ancient connection between science and art recalled by Goethe emerges with unusual evidence thanks to intersecting patterns and expressive forms that are sometimes shared by different forms of knowledge. Creating a glossary and a culture of these intersections is the task of morphology, which thus enters into the boundaries between aesthetics, art, design, advertising, and sciences (from mathematics to computer science, to physics, and to biology), in order to provide the founding elements of a grammar and a syntax of the image. The latter, in its formal quality, both expressive and symbolic, is a fundamental element in the unification of the various kinds of knowledge, which in turn come to be configured, in this regard, also as styles of vision. The glossary is subdivided into contiguous sections, within a complex framework of cross-references. In addition to the two curators, the book features the collaboration of a team of scholars from the individual disciplines appearing in the glossary.

Agent Based Tutoring Systems by Cognitive and Affective Modeling

Agent Based Tutoring Systems by Cognitive and Affective Modeling Book
Author : Viccari, Rosa Maria,Jaques, Patricia Augustin,Verdin, Regina
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2008-05-31
ISBN : 1599047705
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"This book presents a modern view of intelligent tutoring, focusing mainly on the conception of these systems according to a multi-agent approach and on the affective and cognitive modeling of the student in this kind of educational environment"--Provided by publisher.

Integrated Psychological Therapy IPT

Integrated Psychological Therapy  IPT  Book
Author : Volker Roder,Daniel R Müller,Hans D Brenner,William D Spaulding
Publisher : Hogrefe Publishing
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1616763892
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A practical, comprehensive guide to using Integrated Psychological Therapy (IPT) for Schizophrenia Patients – the highly successful empirically supported approach that has become a standard treatment in many psychiatric clinics around the world. The first part of this book describes and explains the basic concepts of neurocognition, social cognition, and social competency that are now allowing us a better understanding of schizophrenia. Current treatment approaches and empirical support for them are also discussed.Clinicians learn step by step how to apply the therapy techniques and to select the appropriate therapy materials (described in detail in practical appendices). The book also provides practical advice about dealing with group processes and individual dyadic situations. Differential indications, assessment, therapy planning and evaluation are presented. Therapists will also learn how to use IPT within multimodal therapy and rehabilitation efforts (case management; implementation of IPT). The final part of the book provides an overview of further developments of IPT: Integrated Neurocognitive Therapy (INT), conceptualized mainly for outpatients with better social functioning, and specific social skills programs for residential, vocational, and recreational rehabilitation (WAF).

Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology

Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1999
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.