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Cognition In Geosciences

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Cognition in Geosciences

Cognition in Geosciences Book
Author : Paolo Dell'Aversana
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-12-06
ISBN : 9073834686
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cognition in Geosciences: The Feeding Loop Between Geo-disciplines, Cognitive Sciences and Epistemology presents the basic idea that the geosciences can contribute to elucidate some unsolved problems of epistemology and cognition. This book introduces the fundamental concept of a semantic system, which comprises information plus human resources and technology. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the fundamental processes of macro-cognition, including spatial perception, creativity, information clustering, information processing, and concept formation. This text then explains how theory and practice in geophysics can elucidate many basic aspects of high level cognition. Other chapters consider the concept of semantic entropy to provide a measure of how much information has been integrated in order to derive coherent significances. This book discusses as well the complexity of linguistic communication in the geosciences. The final chapter deals with the aesthetic experience. This book is a valuable resource for psychologists and neurologists.

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences Book
Author : Paolo Dell'Aversana
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-07-14
ISBN : 0128104813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurobiological Background of Exploration Geosciences: New Methods for Data Analysis Based on Cognitive Criteria examines the neurobiological background of earth science disciplines. It presents the fundamental features of the human brain that form the cognitive basis of exploration geophysics and investigates how their analysis can drive the development of new brain-based technologies. Crucial aspects of human cognition include the impulse to explore the environment, the ability of our brain to create mental maps and virtual images of the world, and the human ability to recognize, integrate and save patterns of information in a shared memory. Geoscience technology can be made more effective by taking the working neurobiological principles of our brains into account. This book is appropriate for multiple audiences, including neuroscientists, cognitive scientists and geoscientists, presenting both theoretical and experimental results. Presents the neurological background of human brain function and cognition as it relates to the geosciences Explores possible links between geophysics, neural anatomy and neural physiology Dissects topics with a multidisciplinary approach and balanced combination of theory and applications Examines the potential mechanism by which exploration geoscience is triggered by specific neural systems located in primordial areas of the subcortical brain Proposes working hypotheses and possible scenarios for future research in neuroscience and the geosciences

Earth and Mind II

Earth and Mind II Book
Author : Kim A. Kastens,Cathryn A. Manduca
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0813724864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Articles refer to teaching at various different levels from kindergarten to graduate school, with sections on teaching: geologic time, space, complex systems, and field-work. Each section includes an introduction, a thematic paper, and commentaries.

Earth and Mind

Earth and Mind Book
Author : Cathryn A. Manduca,David W. Mogk
Publisher : Geological Society of America
Release : 2006-01-01
ISBN : 0813724139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Earth and Mind book written by Cathryn A. Manduca,David W. Mogk, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Journal of Geoscience Education

Journal of Geoscience Education Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2007
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Student Centered Teaching in Paleontology and Geoscience Classrooms

Student Centered Teaching in Paleontology and Geoscience Classrooms Book
Author : Robyn Mieko Dahl
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 1108620671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on learning and cognition in geoscience education research and other discipline-based education communities suggests that effective instruction should include three key components: a) activation of students' prior knowledge on the subject, b) an active learning pedagogy that allows students to address any existing misconceptions and then build a new understanding of the concept, and c) metacognitive reflections that require students to evaluate their own learning processes during the lesson. This Element provides an overview of the research on student-centered pedagogy in introductory geoscience and paleontology courses and gives examples of these instructional approaches. Student-centered learning shifts the power and attention in a classroom from the instructor to the students. In a student-centered classroom, students are in control of their learning experience and the instructor functions primarily as a guide. Student-centered classrooms trade traditional lecture for conceptually-oriented tasks, collaborative learning activities, new technology, inquiry-based learning, and metacognitive reflection.

Government Research Directory

Government Research Directory Book
Author : Cengage Gale
Publisher : Gale Cengage
Release : 2008-12
ISBN : 9781414420820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Government Research Directory book written by Cengage Gale, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

A Comparative Study of the Cognitive Achievement Between Eighth Grade Earth Science Students in an Outdoor and Indoor Classroom

A Comparative Study of the Cognitive Achievement Between Eighth Grade Earth Science Students in an Outdoor and Indoor Classroom Book
Author : Debra J. Anderson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1979
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download A Comparative Study of the Cognitive Achievement Between Eighth Grade Earth Science Students in an Outdoor and Indoor Classroom book written by Debra J. Anderson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Annual Report of the Institute of Geoscience the University of Tsukuba

Annual Report of the Institute of Geoscience  the University of Tsukuba Book
Author : Tsukuba Daigaku. Chikyū Kagakukei
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Annual Report of the Institute of Geoscience the University of Tsukuba book written by Tsukuba Daigaku. Chikyū Kagakukei, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Human Mobility Cognition and GISc Conference Proceedings

Human Mobility  Cognition and GISc   Conference Proceedings Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 9788779037151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Drifting Continents Colliding Paradigms

Drifting Continents   Colliding Paradigms Book
Author : John A. Stewart
Publisher : Science, Technology, and Socie
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The book provides an excellent historical summary of the debates over continental drift theory in this century." --Contemporary Sociology "This is a useful discussion of the way that science works. The book will be of value to philosophers of science . . . " --Choice " . . . will find an important place in university and department libraries, and will interest afficionados of the factual and intellectual history of the earth sciences." --Terra Nova " . . . an excellent core analysis . . . " --The Times Higher Education Supplement " . . . an ambitious and important contribution to the new sociology of science." --American Journal of Sociology " . . . Stewart's book is a noble effort, an interesting and readable discussion, and another higher notch on the scoreboard of critical scholarship that deserves wide examination and close attention." --Geophysics This fascinating book describes the rise and fall and rebirth of continental drift theory in this century. It uses the recent revolution in geoscientinsts' beliefs about the earth to examine questions such as, How does scientific knowledge develop and change? The book also explores how well different perspectives help us to understand revolutionary change in science.

Human Spatial Cognition and Experience

Human Spatial Cognition and Experience Book
Author : Toru Ishikawa
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-06-15
ISBN : 1351251287
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers students an introduction to human spatial cognition and experience and is designed for graduate and advanced undergraduate students who are interested in the study of maps in the head and the psychology of space. We live in space and space surrounds us. We interact with space all the time, consciously or unconsciously, and make decisions and actions based on our perceptions of that space. Have you ever wondered how some people navigate perfectly using maps in their heads while other people get lost even with a physical map? What do you mean when you say you have a poor "sense of direction"? How do we know where we are? How do we use and represent information about space? This book clarifies that our knowledge and feelings emerge as a consequence of our interactions with the surrounding space, and show that the knowledge and feelings direct, guide, or limit our spatial behavior and experience. Space matters, or more specifically space we perceive matters. Research into spatial cognition and experience, asking fundamental questions about how and why space and spatiality matters to humans, has thus attracted attention. It is no coincidence that the 2014 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was awarded for research into a positioning system in the brain or "inner GPS" and that spatial information and technology are recognized as an important social infrastructure in recent years. This is the first book aimed at graduate and advanced undergraduate students pursuing this fascinating area of research. The content introduces the reader to the field of spatial cognition and experience with a series of chapters covering theoretical, empirical, and practical issues, including cognitive maps, spatial orientation, spatial ability and thinking, geospatial information, navigation assistance, and environmental aesthetics.

Cognitive Level Matching

Cognitive Level Matching Book
Author : G. T. Ambus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1986
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cognitive Level Matching book written by G. T. Ambus, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress

Proceedings of the 30th International Geological Congress Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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GIS the Geosciences

GIS   the Geosciences Book
Author : Richard L. Bedell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download GIS the Geosciences book written by Richard L. Bedell, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Abstracts 30th International Geological Congress

Abstracts  30th International Geological Congress Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Abstracts 30th International Geological Congress book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Abstracts

Abstracts Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Beyond open access visions for open evaluation of scientific papers by post publication peer review

Beyond open access  visions for open evaluation of scientific papers by post publication peer review Book
Author : Nikolaus Kriegeskorte,Diana Deca
Publisher : Frontiers E-books
Release : 2021-06-16
ISBN : 2889190684
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A scientific publication system needs to provide two basic services: access and evaluation. The traditional publication system restricts the access to papers by requiring payment, and it restricts the evaluation of papers by relying on just 2-4 pre-publication peer reviews and by keeping the reviews secret. As a result, the current system suffers from a lack of quality and transparency of the peer-review evaluation process, and the only immediately available indication of a new paper’s quality is the prestige of the journal it appeared in. Open access is now widely accepted as desirable and is slowly beginning to become a reality. However, the second essential element, evaluation, has received less attention. Open evaluation, an ongoing post-publication process of transparent peer review and rating of papers, promises to address the problems of the current system. However, it is unclear how exactly such a system should be designed. The evaluation system steers the attention of the scientific community and, thus, the very course of science. For better or worse, the most visible papers determine the direction of each field and guide funding and public policy decisions. Evaluation, therefore, is at the heart of the entire endeavor of science. As the number of scientific publications explodes, evaluation and selection will only gain importance. A grand challenge of our time, therefore, is to design the future system, by which we evaluate papers and decide which ones deserve broad attention. So far scientists have left the design of the evaluation process to journals and publishing companies. However, the steering mechanism of science should be designed by scientists. The cognitive, computational, and brain sciences are best prepared to take on this task, which will involve social and psychological considerations, software design, and modeling of the network of scientific papers and their interrelationships. This Research Topic in Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience collects visions for a future system of open evaluation. Because critical arguments about the current system abound, these papers will focus on constructive ideas and comprehensive designs for open evaluation systems. Design decisions include: Should the reviews and ratings be entirely transparent, or should some aspects be kept secret? Should other information, such as paper downloads be included in the evaluation? How can scientific objectivity be strengthened and political motivations weakened in the future system? Should the system include signed and authenticated reviews and ratings? Should the evaluation be an ongoing process, such that promising papers are more deeply evaluated? How can we bring science and statistics to the evaluation process (e.g. should rating averages come with error bars)? How should the evaluative information about each paper (e.g. peer ratings) be combined to prioritize the literature? Should different individuals and organizations be able to define their own evaluation formulae (e.g. weighting ratings according to different criteria)? How can we efficiently transition toward the future system? Ideally, the future system will derive its authority from a scientific literature on community-based open evaluation. We hope that these papers will provide a starting point.

Environment Planning

Environment   Planning Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

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Geoscience Journal

Geoscience Journal Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1996
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geoscience Journal book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.