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Coastal Zones and Estuaries

Coastal Zones and Estuaries Book
Author : Federico Ignacio Isla
Publisher : EOLSS Publications
Release : 2009-06-30
ISBN : 1848260164
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coastal Zones and Estuaries is a component of Encyclopedia of Environmental and Ecological Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources which is part of the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), an integrated compendium of twenty one Encyclopedias. The Theme deals with important links of water, sediment, and nutrients between continents and oceans. The present behavior of sea level, ice sheets, and coral reefs is still a matter of controversy and concern. Coastal experiences learned in developed countries should be used to improve coastal policies world wide. Within the Global Change Programme, it is recognized that the earth system is characterized by critical limits and abrupt changes. The coastal systems are particularly sensitive to these changes. This volume is aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College Students, Educators, Professional Practitioners, Research Personnel and Policy Analysts, Managers, and Decision Makers and NGOs.

Coastal Zones

Coastal Zones Book
Author : Juan Baztan,Omer Chouinard,Bethany Jorgensen,Paul Tett,Jean-Paul Vanderlinden,Liette Vasseur
Publisher : Elsevier Science Limited
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 9780128027486
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coastal Zones: Solutions for the 21st Century bridges the gap between national and international efforts and the local needs for actions in communities where coastal zone challenges are faced daily. The solution-oriented approach covers issues of coastal zone management as well as responses to natural disasters. This work provides ideas on how to face the challenges, develop solutions, and localize management of common-pool resources. Coastal Zones targets academic stakeholders and coastal stakeholders who have local knowledge and experience but need a theoretical framework and a greater range of skills to make use of this experience. Represents the collaborative work of more than 200 coastal zone researchers from all continents Provides a transdisciplinary approach that draws on stakeholder knowledge as well as diverse disciplines in the natural and social sciences Provides a basis for the co-development of an effective understanding of social-ecological systems in the coastal zone

Coastal Zone Management

Coastal Zone Management Book
Author : Mu Ramkumar,Arthur James,David Menier,Kumaraswamy K
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-16
ISBN : 0128143517
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coastal Zone Management: Global Perspectives, Regional Processes, Local Issues brings together a vast range of interdisciplinary data on coastal zones in a concise, yet exhaustive format that will be useful to students, researchers, and teachers. The book contains several focused sections, all of which include individual chapters written by subject experts with considerable experience in their fields of research. Each chapter presents the latest research and status of its focus, with a concluding endnote on future trends. Topics covered in the book include the sea level and climate changes, evolution of coastlines, land-use dynamics and coastal hazards mitigation and management. The global coast has faced the force of both climate hange and natural disasters, which continue to result in the loss of human life and degradation of quality of the coastal environment. Coastal Zone Management: Global Perspectives, Regional Processes, Local Issues provides the latest developments and key strategies to tackle this in a single comprehensive volume. It is an essential reference for scientists and researchers well-read on coastal zones, as well as those new to the subject. Presents a unique compilation of contributed chapters, including a focus on methodology, case studies, stategy, and policy, acting as a one-source reference for students, teachers, researchers and administrators. Discusses challenges at local levels in order to help interpret regional processes that have global ramifications. Provides a database for scientists working on research topics related to coastal zone management.

Integrated Management of Coastal Zones

Integrated Management of Coastal Zones Book
Author : John R. Clark,Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report identifies governmental actions that can lead to effective management of coastal resources and strenghtening the national capacity for effective coastal resources management through Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM). This is a system for controlling development and other human activities that effect the condition of economic resources and the quality of environment in coastal zones. The overall objective of ICZM is to provide for sustainable use of coastal natural resources and for maintenance of biodiversity. Environmentally planned development is reputed to add to economic and social prosperity of a coastal community in the long term. The orientation of the report is toward developing countries, particularly those of the coastal tropics. Fisheries productivity, increased tourism revenus, sustained mangrove forestry, and security from natrual hazard devastation are among the practical benefits of ICZM. ICZM incorporates modern principles of planning and resources management, intensive information bases an interdisciplinary processes. A major objective is to facilitate the interactions of different coastal economic sectors (e.g., shipping, agriculturte, fisheries) toward potimal socio-econopmic outcomes, including resolution of conflicts between sectors. ICZM may be initiated in response to a planning mandate but more often because of a crisis - a use conflict, a severe decline in a resource, or a devasting experience with natural hazards.

Model Law on Sustainable Management of Coastal Zones and European Code of Conduct for Coastal Zones

Model Law on Sustainable Management of Coastal Zones and European Code of Conduct for Coastal Zones Book
Author : Council of Europe
Publisher : Council of Europe
Release : 2000-01-01
ISBN : 9789287141538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Coastal areas have experienced unprecedented dramatic changes in the last half of the 20th century, especially in zones used for tourism development. This code of conduct and model law on coastal areas establishes some general management principles aimed at the sustainable development of coastal areas and the preservation of their environmental values.

Risk Assessment of Storms in Coastal Zones Case Studies from Cartagena Colombia and Cadiz Spain

Risk Assessment of Storms in Coastal Zones  Case Studies from Cartagena  Colombia  and Cadiz  Spain  Book
Author : Nelson Rangel-Buitrago,Giorgio Anfuso
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-02-16
ISBN : 3319158449
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book assists the reader in determining storm risks, focussing on sandy coasts and cliff coasts in the context of expected sea level rise from littoral transformation and climate change. It examines storm impacts through matrixes concerning physical parameters, socio-economic activities, ecological and historic resources, and it presents the Coastline Risk to Storms Index as a single numerical measure of the risk for a given area. The methodology is described and tested against two coastal areas: one in the Caribbean Sea (Cartagena, Colombia) and the other on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean (Cadiz, Spain). Both areas record an important flow of tourists associated with the “sun, sea and sand market” which represents an economic recourse for the hinterland too. Chapters describe this approach and explore three particular types of variables: i) the forcing variables contributing to storm-induced erosion, ii) dynamic variables that determine the resilience to erosion (Susceptibility) and iii) the vulnerable targets grouped in three different contexts (socio-economic, ecological and heritage). These are combined into two separate indices, the Hazard Index (combining forcing and susceptibility) and the Vulnerability Index, which together constitute the Coastline Risk to Storms Index. Maps created using this semi-quantitative approximation method can help to determine the causes, processes and consequences of storm-related processes. This book is therefore important to anyone considering coastal development programs, especially decision-makers: the work presented here can assist in the development of preventative management strategies for the most vulnerable areas.

Regulating Coastal Zones

Regulating Coastal Zones Book
Author : Rachelle Alterman,Cygal Pellach
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2020-11-26
ISBN : 0429779763
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Regulating Coastal Zones addresses the knowledge gap concerning the legal and regulatory challenges of managing land in coastal zones across a broad range of political and socio-economic contexts. In recent years, coastal zone management has gained increasing attention from environmentalists, land use planners, and decision-makers across a broad spectrum of fields. Development pressures along coasts such as high-end tourism projects, luxury housing, ports, energy generation, military outposts, heavy industry, and large-scale enterprise compete with landscape preservation and threaten local history and culture. Leading experts present fifteen case studies among advanced-economy countries, selected to represent three groups of legal contexts: signatories to the 2008 Mediterranean ICZM Protocol, parties to the 2002 EU Recommendation on Integrated Coastal Zone Management, and the USA and Australia. This book is the first to address the legal-regulatory aspects of coastal land management from a systematic cross-national comparative perspective. By including both successful and less-effective strategies, it aims to inform professionals, graduate students, policy makers, and NGOs of the legal and socio-political challenges as well as the better practices from which others could learn.

Hydrodynamics of Coastal Zones

Hydrodynamics of Coastal Zones Book
Author : S.R. Massel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1989-04-01
ISBN : 9780080870861
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses selected theoretical topics of coastal hydrodynamics, including basic principles and applications in coastal oceanography and coastal engineering. It is not intended as a handbook; the emphasis is placed on presentation of a number of basic problems, rather than giving detailed instructions for their application. The bulk of the material deals with surface waves. In the author's opinion there is still a strong need for a book on wave phenomena in the coastal waters, as general textbooks on sea surface dynamics focus most of their attention on the deep ocean. This book intends to fill this need by concentrating on the phenomena typical of the coastal zone. Based on lectures given at the Institute of Hydroengineering, Polish Academy of Sciences in Gdansk, the approach throughout is a combination of the theoretical and observational. A basic knowledge of ordinary and partial differential equations, as well as the statistical and spectral analysis of time series, is assumed. The reader should also be familiar with fundamental hydrodynamic concepts. The book comprises nine chapters. Governing equations and conservation laws are treated in Chapter 1, using the variational principles. The theory of regular surface waves is covered in Chapters 2 to 4. The nonlinear effect of wave train modulation and their breaking of beaches is examined in Chapter 5. Chapters 6 and 7 focus on the statistical and spectral treatment of waves induced by wind. Current generation and circulation pattern are the subject of Chapter 8, while sea level variations are examined in Chapter 9. References for further reading are given at the end of each chapter.

Groundwater in the Coastal Zones of Asia Pacific

Groundwater in the Coastal Zones of Asia Pacific Book
Author : Christoph Wetzelhuetter
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-05-28
ISBN : 9400756488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Groundwater management and conservation becomes a more and more important issue in the heavily urbanized coastal zones of the Asia-Pacific region. This volume presents a comprehensive overview of the status of coastal groundwater research in this diverse region. It includes latest methodologies and technologies to assess processes associated with coastal groundwater development. Case studies and local examples from a broad geographical range of continental shoreline and island settings give an understanding of the diversity of coastal aquifers and the groundwater recourses they harbour. Audience: By providing a clearer understanding of the hydrogeological and hydrochemical processes, this volume offers a critical tool to coastal researchers, geoscientists in related fields, water engineers, groundwater managers and decision makers as it illustrates the human and environmental impacts on coastal groundwater resources and the relationship to coastal zone management strategies and the development of sustainable management approaches.

Global Change and Baltic Coastal Zones

Global Change and Baltic Coastal Zones Book
Author : Gerald Schernewski,Jacobus Hofstede,Thomas Neumann
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-03-31
ISBN : 9789400704008
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change and ongoing transformation processes in economy and agriculture will have strong and multiple impacts in the Baltic region. In particular coastal zones face increasing hazards, e.g. due to sea level rise or changes in riverine nutrient loads and eutrophication. These changes also offer a wide range of new opportunities in the Baltic Region. Adaptation measures are needed but require a thorough and spatially differentiated understanding of underlying ecological, economic and social processes. Sixteen contributions by authors from eight countries give a comprehensive overview of these changes, their consequences and practical challenges with focus on coastal zones. Besides risks, the chances and opportunities of changes for the region are addressed and adaptation examples and strategies are given. The practitioners’ perspective and their demands are integrated in the various contributions.

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Urban and Coastal Areas

Land Surface Remote Sensing in Urban and Coastal Areas Book
Author : Nicolas Baghdadi,Mehrez Zribi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-19
ISBN : 0081017677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

For a long time, the dynamics of urban and coastal areas have been the focus of administrators and decision makers in charge of public policy in order to better take into account anthropogenic pressure and the impact of climate change. This volume presents applications of remote sensing in urban environments and coastal zones, including the use of remote sensing in city planning (urban expansion, light pollution, air quality, etc.), observation of the properties of ocean color, the study of coastal dynamics (identifying coastlines and estimating sediment balances, etc.) and analysis of the dynamics of mangroves. This book, part of a set of six volumes, has been produced by scientists who are internationally renowned in their fields. It is addressed to students (engineers, Masters, PhD), engineers and scientists, specialists in remote sensing applied to the coastal environment and urban areas. Through this pedagogical work, the authors contribute to breaking down the barriers that hinder the use of Earth observation data. Clear-and-concise descriptions of modern methods of remote sensing for a variety of applications Explores the most current remote sensing techniques, with physical aspects of their measurement (theory) Presents physical principles, measurement, and data processing chapters that are provided for each technique described

EU Focus on Coastal Zones

EU Focus on Coastal Zones Book
Author : European Commission. Directorate-General for Environment, Nuclear Safety, and Civil Protection
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2001
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download EU Focus on Coastal Zones book written by European Commission. Directorate-General for Environment, Nuclear Safety, and Civil Protection, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Coastal Zones Ecosystem Services

Coastal Zones Ecosystem Services Book
Author : R. Kerry Turner,Marije Schaafsma
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-06-10
ISBN : 331917214X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book applies the ‘ecosystem services’ framework to coastal environments, showing how it could facilitate an adaptive management strategy. The contributors describe a decision support system (DSS) based on the 3 Ps – pluralism, pragmatism and precaution – that leads to a more flexible, ‘learn by doing’ approach to the stewardship of coastal environments. The book lays out a “Balance Sheets Approach” to formatting, interrogating and presenting data and findings. The opening chapter defines coastal zones, their characteristics and natural resources, and describes their complex and dynamic nature. The chapter shows that large-scale trends and pressures have led to a global loss of 50% of marshes, leading to significant declines in biodiversity and habitat. Part I presents a conceptual framework, describes natural science techniques for coastal and shelf modeling, and describes valuation of ecosystem services. Part II outlines practical ecosystem indicators for coastal and marine ecosystem services, reviews literature on valuation of coastal and marine ecosystem services, explores scenarios, outlines marine and coastal ecosystem services data and offers tools for incorporating data into decision-making. PART III offers case studies including one linking the ecosystem services of Marine Protected Areas to benefits in human wellbeing; and another on valuing blue carbon captured by oceans and coastal ecosystems. Also included are a study of managed realignments and the English coastline and their value estimate transferability; and studies of the impact of jellyfish blooms on recreation in the UK and on fisheries in Italy.

Sedimentary Coastal Zones from High to Low Latitudes

Sedimentary Coastal Zones from High to Low Latitudes Book
Author : I.P. Martini,H.R. Wanless
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2014-10-24
ISBN : 1862393745
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We live in a world where the loss of sea ice and thawing of coastal grounds in the north, and renewed marine transgression and an increase in the frequency of extreme weather events globally, are becoming commonplace. This volume presents a timely examination of coasts, the geological environment at particular risk, as global warming brings on this new reality. In 23 papers, low lying, mainly siliciclastic coasts are reviewed, described and analysed, under a variety of climates in quasi-stable tectonic settings along passive, trailing-continental edges from Polar Regions to the Tropics. Examples include coast of the Arctic seas, temperate to tropical eastern shores of the Americas, western Portugal, Mediterranean, Persian Gulf, South Africa and Australia. The entire coastal zone (landscape) is considered ranging from geophysical processes and products to biological entities including the adaption of Native People in various climatic zones. Knowledge of the state of the coasts now, and how the coastal plain has evolved since Late Pleistocene, is crucial for any realistic planning for the future.

European Coastal Zone Management

European Coastal Zone Management Book
Author : Robert W. Dixon-Gough
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-01
ISBN : 1351793438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title was first published in 2001. Management of coastal zone areas is particularly complicated due to their international nature. Focussing on European coastal zones, this volume examines the various key issues and concerns and highlights the importance of partnership approaches. It details the inter-relationship between the various organizations involved (both governmental and none-governmental), as well as appraising the current national and international legislation and possible future policies. The contributors draw on in-depth case studies from the UK, the Baltic and Hellenic coasts and discuss topics such as international conflicts within the coastal zone, the effectiveness of planning legislation and how to appraise environmental and cultural impacts of changes in coastal zone land use.

Towards Integrated Modelling and Analysis in Coastal Zones

Towards Integrated Modelling and Analysis in Coastal Zones Book
Author : R. Kerry Turner,W. Neil Adger
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Towards Integrated Modelling and Analysis in Coastal Zones book written by R. Kerry Turner,W. Neil Adger, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Allocated zones for aquaculture A guide for the establishment of coastal zones dedicated to aquaculture in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea

Allocated zones for aquaculture   A guide for the establishment of coastal zones dedicated to aquaculture in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations,General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2019-11-22
ISBN : 9251319758
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guide is a collection of concepts and practical information aimed at facilitating the establishment of allocated zones for aquaculture (AZAs) in the Mediterranean and the Black Sea. It provides detailed information on the process involved in the establishment of an AZA and it is intended as a practical and comprehensive tool to better understand site selection and planning for aquaculture. This publication first provides a brief overview of the international and regional context, and reviews the institutional and legal framework related to AZAs at various levels. Sequential explanations on the AZA establishment process as well as suggestions for the main steps are then presented. The step-by-step approach for the establishment of AZAs takes into account a number of specific aspects, such as geographic information system tools, exclusion criteria and stakeholder participation, the main actors to be involved, the role of relevant authorities in charge of geographical and/or marine aquaculture planning, statutory responsibilities, prevention and resolution of possible conflicts, and decision-making. The guide also describes the objectives and contents of AZA management plans and presents the parameters to be used as reference points for the AZA implementation. It is addressed to decision-makers from relevant bodies and administrations, governmental and non-governmental organizations, scientific research institutions, aquaculture producers and fishing communities, as well as other relevant stakeholders involved in aquaculture activities, coastal development, and in the use of the aquatic environment and resources.

Ports Port Cities and Coastal Zones

Ports  Port Cities  and Coastal Zones Book
Author : B. S. Hoyle
Publisher : Academie Royale Des Sciences D'Outre-Mer
Release : 1997
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Ports Port Cities and Coastal Zones book written by B. S. Hoyle, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Development in Coastal Zones and Disaster Management

Development in Coastal Zones and Disaster Management Book
Author : Amita Singh,R. Lalitha S. Fernando,Nivedita P. Haran
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-11-14
ISBN : 9811542945
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the last two decades, coastal regions have relatively endured some of the fiercest oceanic and geophysical disasters than the earlier decades. Yet, disaster management governance fails to match the human, nonhuman and environmental calamity which is unfolding in its most frequent and unpredictable pattern. Between the Asian Tsunami of 2004 to the devastating Chennai and Kerala floods of 2018 the socio-industrial-livelihood impact alerts governments towards a greater and more serious compliance to laws for coastal conservation. The United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) in 2018 had shocking statistics to share as the deaths and damages related to only Tsunami disaster at the coasts to 251,770 and US$280 billions respectively in the last 20 years (1998-2017) as compared to 998 and US$ 2.7 billion in the previous 20 years (1978-1997). Coastal conservation is no more a question of casual governance but has become a need for survival. The region of South Asia which ranks much higher in its vulnerability, weak resilience and relatively undersupplied governance structures ought to take this responsibility on a priority. The spirit of Hyogu Declaration and the Sendai Framework for Action suggests preparedness and resilience building as key approach areas in coastal governance. The book is incomparable in its holistic and transdisciplinary social science based approach to disaster management which links conservation of marine flora and fauna, ecosystems and land management with decision making processes and coastal regulations. These grass root findings from the subcontinent are substantiated by a section on the most powerful court battle on the Kerala Floods as a guideline for readers to discerningly identify an ‘Act of God’ often used as a veil to hide lack of preparedness, apathy and political greed. This book becomes indispensable reading for anyone involved in research, administration or any level of decision making for the mitigation and prevention of disasters.

Integrated Coastal Zone Management

Integrated Coastal Zone Management Book
Author : Frank Ahlhorn
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-06
ISBN : 3658170522
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an overview of the coordination of various requirements for coastal-zone use, offering examples and best practice. Although it focuses on European coastal zones, it also considers global and historical developments. Questions at the end of each chapter enable readers to test their understanding.