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Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders Applications

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Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruder

Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruder Book
Author : Klemens Kohlgrüber
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2012-11-12
ISBN : 3446433414
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Co-rotating screws and/or extruders are used in many branches of industry for producing, preparing and/or processing highly viscous materials. They find a wide variety of applications especially in the plastics, rubber and food industries. Co-rotating twin-screw machines usually have modular configurations and are thus quite flexible for adapting to changing tasks and material properties. Well-founded knowledge of machines, processes and material behavior are required in order to design twin-screw extruder for economically successful operations. This book provides basic engineering knowledge regarding twin-screw machines; it lists the most important machine-technical requirements and provides examples based on actual practice. Better understanding of the processes is emphasized as this is a prerequisite for optimizing twin-screw designs and operating them efficiently. Besides basic functions, such as compounding, the book focuses on: - the historical development of twin-screws - the geometry of the screw elements (fundamentals, basic patents, patents overview) - material properties and material behavior in the machine - fundamentals of feed behavior, pressure build-up and power input - examples of applications for various processing tasks - compounding: tasks, applications, processing zones - potential and limits of modeling - scaling-up various processes - machine design incl. drives and materials

Co rotating Twin screw Extruders

Co rotating Twin screw Extruders Book
Author : Klemens Kohlgrüber
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9783446413726
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Co-rotating screws and/or extruders are used in many branches of industry for producing, preparing and/or processing highly viscous materials. They find a wide variety of applications especially in the plastics, rubber and food industries. Co-rotating twin-screw machines usually have modular configurations and are thus quite flexible for adapting to changing tasks and material properties. Well-founded knowledge of machines, processes and material behavior are required in order to design twin-screw extruder for economically successful operations. This book provides basic engineering knowledge regarding twin-screw machines; it lists the most important machine-technical requirements and provides examples based on actual practice. Better understanding of the processes is emphasized as this is a prerequisite for optimizing twin-screw designs and operating them efficiently. Besides basic functions, such as compounding, the book focuses on: the historical development of twin-screws the geometry of the screw elements (fundamentals, basic patents, patents overview) material properties and material behavior in the machine fundamentals of feed behavior, pressure build-up and power input examples of applications for various processing tasks compounding: tasks, applications, processing zones potential and limits of modeling scaling-up various processes machine design incl. drives and materials

Reactive Extrusion

Reactive Extrusion Book
Author : Günter Beyer,Christian Hopmann
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-01-03
ISBN : 352734098X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This first comprehensive overview of reactive extrusion technology for over a decade combines the views of contributors from both academia and industry who share their experiences and highlight possible applications and markets. They also provide updated information on the underlying chemical and physical concepts, summarizing recent developments in terms of the material and machinery used. As a result, readers will find here a compilation of potential applications for reactive extrusion to access new and cost-effective polymeric materials, while using existing compounding machines.

Screw Extrusion

Screw Extrusion Book
Author : James Lindsay White
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 9783446196247
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Screw extruders are the most important of all polymer processing machines There is a need for a comprehensive book on this subject. This book emphazises the understanding of the underlaying principles of screw extrusion, the design and behavior of screw based machines. It helps the enineer t optimize his equipment and enhance production rates. Contents: · Introduction · Fundamentals · Screw Extrusion Technology · Technology of Single Screw Extrusion with Reciprocating Screws · Single Screw Extruder Analysis and Design · Twin and Multiscrew Extrusion

Polymer Devolatilization

Polymer Devolatilization Book
Author : Ramon Albalak
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 1351423592
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This work introduces the fundamental background necessary to understand polymer devolatilization. It elucidates the actual mechanisms by which the devolatilization of polymer melts progresses, and discusses virtually every type of devolatilization equipment available. The work also addresses devolatilization in various geometries and types of equipment, describing the use of falling strand, slit, single-screw, co-rotating and counter-rotating twin-screw devolatilization.

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology

Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology Book
Author : Isaac Ghebre-Sellassie,Charles E. Martin,Feng Zhang,James DiNunzio
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-03-05
ISBN : 1498704921
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first edition of Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, published in 2003, was deemed the seminal book on pharmaceutical extrusion. Now it is expanded and improved, just like the usage of extrusion has expanded, improved and evolved into an accepted manufacturing technology to continuously mix active pharmaceutical ingredients with excipients for a myriad of traditional and novel dosage forms. Pharmaceutical Extrusion Technology, Second Edition reflects how this has spawned numerous research activities, in addition to hardware and process advancements. It offers new authors, expanded chapters and contains all the extrusion related technical information necessary for the development, manufacturing, and marketing of pharmaceutical dosage forms. Key Features: Reviews how extrusion has become an accepted technology to continuously mix active pharmaceutical ingredients with excipients Focuses on equipment and process technology Explains various extrusion system configurations as a manufacturing methodology for a variety of dosage forms Presents new opportunities available only via extrusion and future trends Includes contributions of experts from the process and equipment fields

Hot Melt Extrusion

Hot Melt Extrusion Book
Author : Dennis Douroumis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-24
ISBN : 1118307879
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Hot-melt extrusion (HME) - melting a substance and forcing it through an orifice under controlled conditions to form a new material - is an emerging processing technology in the pharmaceutical industry for the preparation of various dosage forms and drug delivery systems, for example granules and sustained release tablets. Hot-Melt Extrusion: Pharmaceutical Applications covers the main instrumentation, operation principles and theoretical background of HME. It then focuses on HME drug delivery systems, dosage forms and clinical studies (including pharmacokinetics and bioavailability) of HME products. Finally, the book includes some recent and novel HME applications, scale -up considerations and regulatory issues. Topics covered include: principles and die design of single screw extrusion twin screw extrusion techniques and practices in the laboratory and on production scale HME developments for the pharmaceutical industry solubility parameters for prediction of drug/polymer miscibility in HME formulations the influence of plasticizers in HME applications of polymethacrylate polymers in HME HME of ethylcellulose, hypromellose, and polyethylene oxide bioadhesion properties of polymeric films produced by HME taste masking using HME clinical studies, bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of HME products injection moulding and HME processing for pharmaceutical materials laminar dispersive & distributive mixing with dissolution and applications to HME technological considerations related to scale-up of HME processes devices and implant systems by HME an FDA perspective on HME product and process understanding improved process understanding and control of an HME process with near-infrared spectroscopy Hot-Melt Extrusion: Pharmaceutical Applications is an essential multidisciplinary guide to the emerging pharmaceutical uses of this processing technology for researchers in academia and industry working in drug formulation and delivery, pharmaceutical engineering and processing, and polymers and materials science. This is the first book from our brand new series Advances in Pharmaceutical Technology. Find out more about the series here.

Extrusion

Extrusion Book
Author : Harold F. Giles Jr,John R. Wagner, Jr.,Eldridge M. Mount
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2013-09-21
ISBN : 1437734820
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Extrusion is designed to aid operators, engineers, and managers in extrusion processing in quickly answering practical day-to-day questions. The first part of the book provides the fundamental principles, for operators and engineers, of polymeric materials extrusion processing in single and twin screw extruders. The next section covers advanced topics including troubleshooting, auxiliary equipment, and coextrusion for operators, engineers, and managers. The final part provides applications case studies in key areas for engineers such as compounding, blown film, extrusion blow molding, coating, foam, and reprocessing. This practical guide to extrusion brings together both equipment and materials processing aspects. It covers basic and advanced topics, for reference and training, in thermoplastics processing in the extruder. Detailed reference data are provided on such important operating conditions as temperatures, start-up procedures, shear rates, pressure drops, and safety. A practical guide to the selection, design and optimization of extrusion processes and equipment Designed to improve production efficiency and product quality Focuses on practical fault analysis and troubleshooting techniques

Co rotating Twin screw Extruders

Co rotating Twin screw Extruders Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9781523136117
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Co rotating Twin screw Extruders book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Technology of Extrusion Cooking

The Technology of Extrusion Cooking Book
Author : N.D. Frame
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461521351
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extrusion cooking is a specialist area of food technology because of the complexity of the interactive effects which are inherent in the system. General predictive modelling is very difficult because ingredients are diverse and can vary considerably. Modelling tends to be product specifi- new product development tends to be by experimental designs and good fortune. The emphasis of this book is on the latest and potential applications of twin screw extrusion in food production, specifically co-rotating inter meshing screw extruders. Of course, in order to develop products and maximise the extruder potential in terms of energy, product quality and output, an overall understanding of the material flow mechanism, barrel fill length and rheology is essential. The book aims to give explanations and general guidance with examples of screw design, configuration and operat ing parameters for a variety of product categories. It is also intended to help production operators diagnose the symptoms of particular problems such as temperature control, quality variation, raw material inconsistency, etc. For the product development technologist there is more than one way to make a similar product. For example, equipment manufacturers recom mend difficult methods for producing flaked corn. In addition, their machines may differ from each other in terms of screw design, power/ volume ratio, screw tip/barrel clearance, etc. , making scale-up more prob lematic.

Extrusion Processing Technology

Extrusion Processing Technology Book
Author : Jean-Marie Bouvier,Osvaldo H. Campanella
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-06-23
ISBN : 1444338110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extrusion is the operation of forming and shaping a molten or dough-like material by forcing it through a restriction, or die. It is applied and used in many batch and continuous processes. However, extrusion processing technology relies more on continuous process operations which use screw extruders to handle many process functions such as the transport and compression of particulate components, melting of polymers, mixing of viscous media, heat processing of polymeric and biopolymeric materials, product texturization and shaping, defibering and chemical impregnation of fibrous materials, reactive extrusion, and fractionation of solid-liquid systems. Extrusion processing technology is highly complex, and in-depth descriptions and discussions are required in order to provide a complete understanding and analysis of this area: this book aims to provide readers with these analyses and discussions. Extrusion Processing Technology: Food and Non-Food Biomaterials provides an overview of extrusion processing technology and its established and emerging industrial applications. Potency of process intensification and sustainable processing is also discussed and illustrated. The book aims to span the gap between the principles of extrusion science and the practical knowledge of operational engineers and technicians. The authors bring their research and industrial experience in extrusion processing technology to provide a comprehensive, technical yet readable volume that will appeal to readers from both academic and practical backgrounds. This book is primarily aimed at scientists and engineers engaged in industry, research, and teaching activities related to the extrusion processing of foods (especially cereals, snacks, textured and fibrated proteins, functional ingredients, and instant powders), feeds (especially aquafeeds and petfoods), bioplastics and plastics, biosourced chemicals, paper pulp, and biofuels. It will also be of interest to students of food science, food engineering, and chemical engineering. Also available Formulation Engineering of Foods Edited by J.E. Norton, P.J. Fryer and I.T. Norton ISBN 978-0-470-67290-7 Food and Industrial Bioproducts and Bioprocessing Edited by N.T. Dunford ISBN 978-0-8138-2105-4 Handbook of Food Process Design Edited by J. Ahmed and M.S. Rahman ISBN 978-1-4443-3011-3

Understanding Extrusion

Understanding Extrusion Book
Author : Chris Rauwendaal
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-12-10
ISBN : 9781569906989
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The book provides a practical understanding of basic information on extrusion in a way useful to readers without an engineering degree as well as to those new to the field. It is primarily written for extruder operators, supervisors, technical service personnel, and process engineers. Designed for on-the-job use, it guides the reader step by step through material issues, machinery, processing, and troubleshooting. This revised and extended third edition now also covers interpretation of extrusion process data, analysis of shrink void formation, dimensional variation by melt temperature fluctuations, efficient extrusion, grooved barrel extruder technology, and more. Contents: Extrusion Machinery Instrumentation and Control Complete Extrusion Lines Plastics and Their Properties Important in Extrusion How an Extruder Works How to Run an Extruder How to Troubleshoot Extrusion Problems New Developments in Extrusion and Methods to Increase Efficiency"--

Twin Screw Extrusion

Twin Screw Extrusion Book
Author : James Lindsay White,Eung Kyu Kim
Publisher : Hanser Gardner Publications
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9781569904718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Twin screw extrusion has become an important part of polymer processing technology. Twin screw extruders are widely used for reactive, procesing, including both polymerization and grafting reactions, for compounding, blending, devolatilization, as well as for thermoplastic final shaping operations, particularly profile extrusion. The purpose of this book is to carefully describe each of these three types of machines and the historical development of their technologies. The book also provides insight into the efforts to model/simulate the flow characteristics of these machines and into the experimental studies of their machine characteristics. This book is unique in clearly distinguishing between the different types of twin screw extruders on the market and in reviewing their capabilities. It is the authors' primary intention to provide a balanced but in-depth overview of twin screw extrusion technology to chemists, engineers and technologists alike

Extruders in Food Applications

Extruders in Food Applications Book
Author : Mian N. Riaz
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-02-01
ISBN : 9781566767798
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The result of years of experience by experts in extrusion technology, Extruders in Food Applications brings together practical experience and in-depth knowledge of extrusion cooking technology. This concise reference summarizes basic considerations for the application of extrusion technology to food industry processes and focuses on the various types of extruders available for a growing number of food applications. Chapters compare and describe the different types of extruders and their functions, including characteristics, advantages and disadvantages, and applications, providing a wealth of information about dry extruders, interrupted flight extruder-expanders, and single screw and twin screw extruders. The effects of preconditioning on the raw material and of extrusion on the nutrients of products are covered as well. This book is a valuable source for the technical and practical application of extrusion and will be useful for the selection of the proper equipment for this technology.

Extrusion Problems Solved

Extrusion Problems Solved Book
Author : M N Riaz,G J Rokey
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-11-09
ISBN : 085709520X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Extrusion is widely used for the preparation of a variety of foodstuffs including breakfast cereals, snack food and pasta, as well as pet food and animal and aquaculture feed. Extrusion problems solved provides responses to more than 300 frequently asked questions about the process of food extrusion and the techniques and equipment involved, in a practical question-and-answer format. The book is divided into twelve chapters for ease of reference: the opening chapters concentrate on introductory queries and on different components of an extruder system, followed by two chapters that help the reader select the correct type of extruder for a product. Chapters five and six discuss the impact of factors such as protein content and particle size on the extrusion process, while the use of pre-conditioners is discussed in chapter seven. The latter part of the book discusses specific types of extruder and die and knife assemblies, followed by a chapter on issues relating to drying extruded food products. The final chapter offers practical guidelines and rules of thumb for the most common issues relating to food and feed extrusion. Written by two leading experts in the field, Extrusion problems solved is an essential reference source and troubleshooting guide for professionals working in food, pet food and feed extrusion. It will also be a valuable training resource for students of extrusion. Offers practical guidelines and rules of thumb for the most common food and feed extrusion problems Chapters concentrate on introductory queries, types of extruder and components of extruder systems, knife assemblies, the use of pre-conditioners and issues in drying extruded food products Provides responses to more than 300 frequently asked questions about the processes, equipment and techniques of food extrusion in a practical question-and-answer format

Compounding in Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders

Compounding in Co Rotating Twin Screw Extruders Book
Author : Yeh Wang
Publisher : iSmithers Rapra Publishing
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9781859571965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report describes the geometric structure of modular extruders, development of the various units of an extruder and their functions, the flow mechanisms and models of their behaviour and experimental studies of extruder performance and applications. An additional indexed section containing several hundred abstracts from the Rapra Polymer Library database gives useful references for further reading.

Troubleshooting the Extrusion Process

Troubleshooting the Extrusion Process Book
Author : Maria del Pilar Noriega E.,Chris Rauwendaal
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2019-10-07
ISBN : 1569907765
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Troubleshooting extrusion problems is one of the most challenging tasks in extrusion operations, requiring a good understanding of the extrusion process and the material properties, good instrumentation, good analysis tools, and a systematic and logical approach. This book addresses all issues crucial in extrusion troubleshooting. Additionally, it includes industrial case studies, richly illustrated with photographs and photomicrographs, used to provide exemplary approaches to efficient problem analysis and problem solving. The interconnectivity between the different relevant knowledge areas such as materials engineering, processing technology, and product development is emphasized. This revised third edition comprises a very significant update, with a great deal of new content, especially focusing on additional case studies as well as new sections on collection and interpretation of extrusion process data, rotational rheometry, the smartphone, how screw design can affect extruder performance, melt temperature variation, recent research on automatic optimization of extruder barrel temperatures, process signal analysis using Fast Fourier Transform, among other topics.

Energetic Materials

Energetic Materials Book
Author : Mark J. Mezger,Kay J. Tindle,Michelle Pantoya,Lori J. Groven,Dilhan Kalyon
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-07-06
ISBN : 1351681257
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will take an in-depth look at the technologies, processes, and capabilities to develop and produce "next generation" energetic materials for both commercial and defense applications, including military, mining operations, oil production and well perforation, and construction demolition. It will serve to highlight the critical technologies, latest developments, and the current capability gaps that serve as barriers to military fielding or transition to the commercial marketplace. It will also explain how the processing technologies can be spun out for use in other non-energetics related industries.

Extrusion Cooking Techniques

Extrusion Cooking Techniques Book
Author : Leszek Moscicki
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-01-11
ISBN : 352763410X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering an engineering perspective and the latest information on the application of this rapidly expanding technique, this practical book covers the technology, engineering, materials and products, as well as economic and ecological aspects. In addition to the theory, it also utilizes case studies that can easily be put into industrial practice. Each step of the process is discussed in terms of sustainability, and all data complies with the EU and FTA environmental regulations. Invaluable reading for food chemists and technologists, process engineers, chemists in industry, agricultural scientists, and chemical engineers. From the Contents: * Engineering Aspects of Extrusion * Raw Materials in the Production of Extrudates * Production of Breakfast Cereals, Snack Pellets, Baby Food and more * Extrusion Technique in Confectionery * Pet Food and Aquafeed * Extrusion-Cooking in Waste Management and Paper Pulp Processing * Thermoplastic Starch * Expanders * Process Automation * Scale-Up of Extrusion-Cooking in Single-Screw Extruders

Polymer Extrusion

Polymer Extrusion Book
Author : Chris Rauwendaal
Publisher : Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG
Release : 2014-01-16
ISBN : 1569905398
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Initially published "to bridge the gap between theory and practice in extrusion," this 5th edition of Polymer Extrusion continues to serve the practicing polymer engineer and chemist, providing the theoretical and the practical tools for successful extrusion operations. In its revised and expanded form, it also incorporates the many new developments in extrusion theory and machinery over the last years. Contents · Different Types of Extruders · Extruder Hardware · Instrumentation and Control · Fundamental Principles · Important Polymer Properties · Functional Process Analysis · Extruder Screw Design · Die Design · Twin Screw Extruders · Troubleshooting Extruders · Modeling and Simulation of the Extrusion Process