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Precision Medicine A Guide to Genomics in Clinical Practice

Precision Medicine  A Guide to Genomics in Clinical Practice Book
Author : Jeanette J. McCarthy,Bryce A. Mendelsohn
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Education / Medical
Release : 2016-12-23
ISBN : 9781259644139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A complete how-to guide for incorporating genomics into all applicable areas of clinical medicine Precision Medicine: A Guide to Genomics in Clinical Practice is a comprehensive, yet succinct overview of the practice of genomic medicine. It is written for general healthcare practitioners, specialists, and trainees with the goal of providing detailed guidance on how to incorporate genomic medicine into daily practice. To be as clinically relevant as possible, the book intentionally avoids excessive technical content and consistently emphasizes real-life patient care and decision support. Precision Medicine: A Guide to Genomics in Clinical Practice follows the course of a human life, beginning before conception through pregnancy, childhood, and adulthood, discussing the current and future applications of genomics and precision medicine at each stage. This organization allows healthcare providers to easily find the information relevant to their practice. Throughout, the authors highlight common pitfalls – technical and ethical – that might complicate the delivery of quality genomic healthcare. The book is enhanced by eleven valuable appendices that cover important topics ranging from the basics of genetics to ethical issues to regulation and reimbursement. If you are searching for a clinically relevant, non-technical resource that will teach you how genomic medicine can and should be practiced in your specific field of interest, Precision Medicine: A Guide to Genomics in Clinical Practice belongs on your desk.

Personalizing Precision Medicine

Personalizing Precision Medicine Book
Author : Kristin Ciriello Pothier
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-10-02
ISBN : 1118792114
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The author uses decades of experience and interviews with experts in precision medicine to explain past, present, and future of precision medicine. She reviews the full continuum of personalizing precision medicine, including diagnostics, therapeutics, big data, supportive care, regulation, and reimbursement and innovation in precision medicine worldwide. • Combines a unique cross section of history, current technologies, and future directions for how precision medicine has and will affect people worldwide • Reviews precision medicine around the world, including the US, China, Japan, the Middle East, India, Europe, and Latin America • Discusses a number of diseases areas – cancer, cardiovascular, neurodegenerative, infectious disease, pain, immunology, rare diseases • Includes information and quotes from over 100 interviews with key industry experts in biotech, pharma, informatics, diagnostics, health providers, advocacy groups, and more. • Includes stories illustrating current issues and future promises in precision medicine for a human touch

Precision Medicine and the Reinvention of Human Disease

Precision Medicine and the Reinvention of Human Disease Book
Author : Jules J. Berman
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-01-26
ISBN : 0128143940
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite what you may have read in the popular press and in social media, Precision Medicine is not devoted to finding unique treatments for individuals, based on analyzing their DNA. To the contrary, the goal of Precision Medicine is to find general treatments that are highly effective for large numbers of individuals who fall into precisely diagnosed groups. We now know that every disease develops over time, through a sequence of defined biological steps, and that these steps may differ among individuals, based on genetic and environmental conditions. We are currently developing rational therapies and preventive measures, based on our precise understanding of the steps leading to the clinical expression of diseases. Precision Medicine and the Reinvention of Human Disease explains the scientific breakthroughs that have changed the way that we understand diseases, and reveals how medical scientists are using this new knowledge to launch a medical revolution. Clarifies the foundational concepts of Precision Medicine, distinguishing this field from its predecessors such as genomics, pharmacogenetics, and personalized medicine. Gathers the chief conceptual advances in the fields of genetics, pathology, and bioinformatics, and synthesizes a coherent narrative for the field of Precision Medicine. Delivers its message in plain language, and in a relaxed, conversational writing style, making it easy to understand the complex subject matter. Guides the reader through a coherent and logical narrative, gradually providing expertise and skills along the way. Covers the importance of data sharing in Precision Medicine, and the many data-related challenges that confront this fragile new field.

Clinical Precision Medicine

Clinical Precision Medicine Book
Author : Judy S. Crabtree
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-15
ISBN : 0128204028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Precision Medicine: A Primer offers clinicians, researchers and students a practical, up-to-date resource on precision medicine, its evolving technologies, and pathways towards clinical implementation. Early chapters address the fundamentals of molecular biology and gene regulation as they relate to precision medicine, as well as the foundations of heredity and epigenetics. Oncology, an early adopter of precision approaches, is considered with its relationship to genetic variation in drug metabolism, along with tumor immunology and the impact of DNA variation in clinical care. Contributions by Stephanie Kramer, a Clinical Genetic Counselor, also provide current information on prenatal diagnostics and adult genetics that highlight the critical role of genetic counselors in the era of precision medicine. Includes applied discussions of chromosomes and chromosomal abnormalities, molecular genetics, epigenetic regulation, heredity, clinical genetics, pharmacogenomics and immunogenomics Features chapter contributions from leaders in the field Consolidates fundamental concepts and current practices of precision medicine in one convenient resource

Precision Medicine

Precision Medicine Book
Author : Justin Paterson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-01-13
ISBN : 9781644350614
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Precision Medicine book written by Justin Paterson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Precision Medicine in Gynecology and Obstetrics

Precision Medicine in Gynecology and Obstetrics Book
Author : Ikuo Konishi
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-06-13
ISBN : 9811024898
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume presents the scientific advances and current status of our understanding of precision medicine for common diseases in gynecology and obstetrics. Standard treatments based on clinical guidelines in the field have been established for decades, and those are essential to daily clinical practice. Meanwhile comprehensive genomic and genetic analyses have led to personalized medicine by precise clinical and genomic approaches. This book is organized into two major parts, gynecology and obstetrics, and the chapters in each part give a clear exposition of the current knowledge and the future perspectives for the treatment of various gynecological cancers, maternal disorders, and other diseases that affect female patients. Topics on novel treatment strategy with the application of molecular targeted drugs, immunotherapy, and prevention medicine are also covered. This collection benefits not only experienced gynecologists and obstetricians, but also young physicians who would like to begin clinical and basic research on diseases in women, researchers in basic medicine, and all medical oncologists who are involved in gynecological cancers.

Enabling Precision Medicine

Enabling Precision Medicine Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Health and Medicine Division,Board on Health Sciences Policy,Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health,Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2017-11-17
ISBN : 0309462630
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Those involved in the drug development process face challenges of efficiency and overall sustainability due in part to high research costs, lengthy development timelines, and late-stage drug failures. Novel clinical trial designs that enroll participants based on their genetics represent a potentially disruptive change that could improve patient outcomes, reduce costs associated with drug development, and further realize the goals of precision medicine. On March 8, 2017, the Forum on Drug Discovery, Development, and Translation and the Roundtable on Genomics and Precision Health of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine hosted the workshop Enabling Precision Medicine: The Role of Genetics in Clinical Drug Development. Participants examined successes, challenges, and possible best practices for effectively using genetic information in the design and implementation of clinical trials to support the development of precision medicines, including exploring the potential advantages and disadvantages of such trials across a variety of disease areas. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Precision in Pulmonary Critical Care and Sleep Medicine

Precision in Pulmonary  Critical Care  and Sleep Medicine Book
Author : Jose L. Gomez,Blanca E. Himes,Naftali Kaminski
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-30
ISBN : 303031507X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book serves as the primary reference for precision medicine in the fields of pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine by documenting principles written by experts in several aspects of precision medicine. It combines fundamental concepts of the field with state-of-the-art studies and how they translate into individual preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic plans. Precision medicine is focused on the integration of individual variability with disease prevention and treatment principles derived from population studies. This concept has risen to prominence in recent years in parallel with advances in genetics, molecular diagnostics and novel target-specific therapies. This fundamental shift in the approach to treatment has broad implications in how we prevent, diagnose and treat disease. Describing key concepts of precision medicine and relating these to pulmonary, critical care and sleep disorders is essential to educate relevant stakeholders and increase the impact of pulmonary precision medicine. The book is organized into seven sections: introduction; genetics; biomarkers; precise phenotyping; mobile health, wearables and telemedicine; precision therapeutics; and enabling widespread adoption of precision medicine. The chapters are organized with an introduction to the specific theme, followed by its basic concepts. They then delve into how these basic concepts relate to the larger theme of precision medicine, new precision medicine approaches to dealing with these problems, and key takeaway points. Liberally illustrated with images, figures, and tables, the text is thorough and intuitive for clinicians and researchers to learn the processes and applications of precision medicine. This is an ideal guide for clinicians to learn new precision medicine concepts in the fields of genetics, genomics, mobile health, and how they apply to their practice and their patients, as well as researchers seeking a basic understanding of precision medicine to assist in designing future research studies.

Precision Medicine and Artificial Intelligence

Precision Medicine and Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Michael Mahler
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-12
ISBN : 032385432X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Precision Medicine and Artificial Intelligence: The Perfect Fit for Autoimmunity covers background on artificial intelligence (AI), its link to precision medicine (PM), and examples of AI in healthcare, especially autoimmunity. The book highlights future perspectives and potential directions as AI has gained significant attention during the past decade. Autoimmune diseases are complex and heterogeneous conditions, but exciting new developments and implementation tactics surrounding automated systems have enabled the generation of large datasets, making autoimmunity an ideal target for AI and precision medicine. More and more diagnostic products utilize AI, which is also starting to be supported by regulatory agencies such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Knowledge generation by leveraging large datasets including demographic, environmental, clinical and biomarker data has the potential to not only impact the diagnosis of patients, but also disease prediction, prognosis and treatment options. Allows the readers to gain an overview on precision medicine for autoimmune diseases leveraging AI solutions Provides background, milestone and examples of precision medicine Outlines the paradigm shift towards precision medicine driven by value-based systems Discusses future applications of precision medicine research using AI Other aspects covered in the book include regulatory insights, data analytics and visualization, types of biomarkers as well as the role of the patient in precision medicine

Enabling Precision Medicine

Enabling Precision Medicine Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Enabling Precision Medicine book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Predictive Biomarkers in Oncology

Predictive Biomarkers in Oncology Book
Author : Sunil Badve,George Louis Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-06
ISBN : 3319952285
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

“Precision/personalized or stratified medicine” refers to the tailoring of medical treatment or drug administration to the individual characteristics of each patient treatment. It does not literally mean that a pharmaceutical company makes a drug for an individual patient for consumption and treatment but rather means the ability to stratify (or classify) individuals into sub-populations that differ in their responsiveness to a specific drug. A marker that provides information on the likely response to therapy, i.e., either in terms of tumor shrinkage or survival of the patient is termed “predictive biomarker”. Despite their promise in precision medicine and the explosion of knowledge in this area, there is not a single source on this subject that puts all this evidence together in a concise or richly illustrated and easy to understand manner. This book provides a collection of ingeniously organized, well-illustrated and up-to-date authoritative chapters divided into five sections that are clear and easy to understand. Section one provides an overview of biomarkers, introduces the basic terminologies, definitions, technologies, tools and concepts associated with this subject in the form of illustrations/graphics, photographs and concise texts. Several recent biomarker endeavors that have been initiated and funded by the National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, FDA and other International organizations are presented. Section two involves the signaling pathways controlling cell growth and differentiation altered in cancer. This section analyzes how predictive biomarkers are altered (expressed or amplified) across cancer types. Section three explores how predictive biomarkers play a role in patient stratification and tailored treatment in relationship to specific cancers. In addition, it includes discussion on the various precision medicine initiatives that are going on across the globe (e.g. TARGET, NCI-MATCH, BATTLE, SHIVA, etc.). Section four discusses: (a) how pharmaceutical companies validate predictive biomarker assays and accompanying companion diagnostics either internally or externally with partner companies such as central laboratories or clinical research organizations, and (b) how predictive biomarker tests fall under the oversight of US FDA, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) and state laws. Section five wraps up novel agents and targets that are being used as targets for cancer therapeutics. The biomarkers associated with these protocols will also be presented. Throughout the book, sidebars, special interest boxes and illustrations are used to explain terms that are either newly introduced, uncommon, or specialized. Predictive Biomarkers in Oncology will serve as a definitive guide for practicing pathologists, oncologists, basic researchers, and personnel in the pharmaceutical or diagnostic industry interested in learning how “predictive biomarkers” are used in precision cancer therapy.

Companion Diagnostics CDx in Precision Medicine

Companion Diagnostics  CDx  in Precision Medicine Book
Author : Il-Jin Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-03-06
ISBN : 1000007219
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is a new trend in anti-cancer therapeutics development: a targeted therapy and precision medicine that targets a subgroup of patients with specific biomarkers. An in vitro diagnostic (IVD) assay is required to identify a subgroup of cancer patients who would benefit from the targeted therapy, or not likely benefit, or have a high risk of side effects from the specific drug treatment. This IVD or medical device is called a companion diagnostic (CDx) assay. It is key to have a robust CDx assay or device for the success of targeted therapy and precision medicine. This book covers the technical, historical, clinical, and regulatory aspects of CDx in precision medicine. Clearly, more and more newly developed oncology drugs will require accompanying CDx assays, and this book, with chapters contributed by renowned oncologists, provides a comprehensive foundation for the knowledge and application of CDx for precision medicine.

Precision Medicine in Oncology

Precision Medicine in Oncology Book
Author : Angela Re,Caterina Nardella,Alessandro Quattrone,Andrea Lunardi
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2019-01-21
ISBN : 2889457052
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The emerging precision medicine approach aims to tailor disease prevention and treatment to each patient on the basis of individual variability, environmental factors and lifestyle. Fundamental achievements in the last few decades have converged to offer nowadays the compelling opportunity to move towards this innovative approach: i) unprecedented improvements in disease modeling in silico, in vitro and in vivo; ii) acquisition of a wide range of biomedical information combined with the development of computational toolsets for flexible and integrative analyses of multi-assay datasets. Our deeper understanding of oncogenic mechanisms has finally begun to have a crucial impact on clinical decisions at several steps, from cancer prevention and diagnosis to therapeutic intervention. However, precision oncology still encounters several unresolved hurdles including tumour heterogeneity and recurrence as well as unexplained drug resistance and lack of effective ways to monitor response to therapeutic treatments. Notably, limitations in biomedical research regulation and governance represent additional debatable issues that need careful consideration.

Detection Methods in Precision Medicine

Detection Methods in Precision Medicine Book
Author : Mengsu Yang,Michael Thompson
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-12-14
ISBN : 1788017617
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book will be among the first to cover the detection methods for precision medicine that are set to transform health care in the future.

Precision Medicine in Cancer Therapy

Precision Medicine in Cancer Therapy Book
Author : Daniel D. Von Hoff,Haiyong Han
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-06-17
ISBN : 3030163911
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents the latest advances in precision medicine in some of the most common cancer types, including hematological, lung and breast malignancies. It also discusses emerging technologies that are making a significant impact on precision medicine in cancer therapy. In addition to describing specific approaches that have already entered clinical practice, the book explores new concepts and tools that are being developed. Precision medicine aims to deliver personalized healthcare tailored to a patient’s genetics, lifestyle and environment, and cancer therapy is one of the areas in which it has flourished in recent years. Documenting the latest advances, this book is of interest to physicians and clinical fellows in the front line of the war on cancer, as well as to basic scientists working in the fields of cancer biology, drug development, biomarker discovery, and biomedical engineering. The contributing authors include translational physicians with first-hand experience in precision patient care.

Biomarker Tests for Molecularly Targeted Therapies

Biomarker Tests for Molecularly Targeted Therapies Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Institute of Medicine,Board on Health Care Services,Committee on Policy Issues in the Clinical Development and Use of Biomarkers for Molecularly Targeted Therapies
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2016-06-30
ISBN : 0309381371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Every patient is unique, and the evolving field of precision medicine aims to ensure the delivery of the right treatment to the right patient at the right time. In an era of rapid advances in biomedicine and enhanced understanding of the genetic basis of disease, health care providers increasingly have access to advanced technologies that may identify molecular variations specific to an individual patient, which subsequently can be targeted for treatment. Known as biomarker tests for molecularly targeted therapies, these complex tests have the potential to enable the selection of the most beneficial treatment (and also to identify treatments that may be harmful or ineffective) for the molecular underpinnings of an individual patient's disease. Such tests are key to unlocking the promise of precision medicine. Biomarker tests for molecularly targeted therapies represent a crucial area of focus for developing methods that could later be applicable to other areas of precision medicine. The appropriate regulatory oversight of these tests is required to ensure that they are accurate, reliable, properly validated, and appropriately implemented in clinical practice. Moreover, common evidentiary standards for assessing the beneficial impact of biomarker-guided therapy selection on patient outcomes, as well as the effective collection and sharing of information related to those outcomes, are urgently needed to better inform clinical decision making. Biomarker Tests of Molecularly Targeted Therapies examines opportunities for and challenges to the use of biomarker tests to select optimal therapy and offers recommendations to accelerate progress in this field. This report explores regulatory issues, reimbursement issues, and clinical practice issues related to the clinical development and use of biomarker tests for targeting therapies to patients. Properly validated, appropriately implemented biomarker tests hold the potential to enhance patient care and improve outcomes, and therefore addressing the challenges facing such tests is critical.

Pharmacogenomics in Precision Medicine

Pharmacogenomics in Precision Medicine Book
Author : Weimin Cai,Zhaoqian Liu,Liyan Miao,Xiaoqiang Xiang
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-06-12
ISBN : 9811538956
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides an introduction to the principles of pharmacogenomics and precision medicine, followed by the pharmacogenomics aspects of major therapeutic areas such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, organ transplantation, psychiatry, infection, antithrombotic drugs. It also includes genotyping technology and therapeutic drug monitoring in Pharmacogenomics; ethical, Legal and Regulatory Issues; cost-effectiveness of pharmacogenetics-guided treatment; application of pharmacogenomics in drug discovery and development and clinical Implementation of Pharmacogenomics for Personalized Precision Medicine. The contributors of Pharmacogenomics in Precision Medicine come from a team of experts, including professors from academic institutions and practitioner from hospital. It will give an in-depth overview of the current state of pharmacogenomics in drug therapy for all health care professionals and graduate students in the era of precision medicine.

Oncogenomics

Oncogenomics Book
Author : Franco Dammacco,Franco Silvestris
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-10-30
ISBN : 0128117869
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oncogenomics: From Basic Research to Precision Medicine offers a thorough survey of precision medicine and its diagnostic and therapeutic applications in oncology. Gathering contributions from leading international researchers in the field, chapters examine recent translational advances in oncogenomic methods and technologies, detailing novel molecular classifications of tumors as well as diagnostic and prognostic biomarkers for various types of cancers including pancreatic, gastrointestinal, breast, hematological, lung, osteotropic, genitourinary, and skin cancers. This book provides a foundation for clinical oncologists, human geneticists, and physicians to develop new targeted cancer treatments and incorporate genomic medicine into clinical practice, with particular attention paid to noninvasive diagnostic techniques such as the liquid biopsy and molecular characterization of solid malignancies. Provides clinical oncologists, human geneticists, physicians, and students with a thorough understanding of current diagnostic and prognostic applications of genomic methods and technologies to a variety of solid malignancies Employs current knowledge in oncogenomics towards developing therapeutic interventions for various cancer types Features a team of internationally recognized researchers and physicians in clinical oncology, oncogenomics and precision medicine

Genomic and Precision Medicine

Genomic and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Geoffrey S. Ginsburg,Huntington F Willard
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-11-22
ISBN : 0128006560
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Genomic and Precision Medicine: Translation and Implementation highlights the various points along the continuum from health to disease where genomic information is impacting clinical decision-making and leading to more personalization of health care. The book pinpoints the challenges, barriers, and solutions that have been, or are being, brought forward to enable translation of genome based technologies into health care. A variety of infrastructure (data systems and EMRs), policy (regulatory, reimbursement, privacy), and research (comparative effectiveness research, learning health system approaches) strategies are also discussed. Readers will find this volume to be an invaluable resource for the translational genomics and implementation science that is required to fully realize personalized health care. Provides a comprehensive volume on the translation and implementation of biology into health care provision Presents succinct commentary and key learning points that will assist readers with their local needs for translation and implementation Includes an up-to-date overview on major ‘translational events’ in genomic and personalized medicine, along with lessons learned

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine Book
Author : Christina Mitropoulou,Sarah Wordsworth,George P. Patrinos,James Buchanan
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09
ISBN : 9780128133828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic Evaluation in Genomic and Precision Medicine provides an in-depth examination of essential concepts, protocols and applications of economic evaluation in genomic and precision medicine. Contributions from leading international medical geneticists and health economists compile new ways to effectively assess the costs and outcomes of different genomic care pathways, implement cost-effective medical interventions, and enhance the value of genomic and precision healthcare. Foundational chapters and discipline-specific case studies cover topics ranging from the economic analysis of genomic trial design, to health technology assessment of next-generation sequencing, ethical aspects, economic policy in genomic medicine, and pricing and reimbursement in clinical genomics. Introduces clinicians, researchers and students to essential concepts, protocols and applications of economic evaluation in genomic and precision medicine Demonstrates, through foundational chapters and discipline-specific case studies, how to assess the relative costs and outcomes of different genomic care pathways and implement cost-effective budgets Establishes clear precedents on how genomic technologies can be leveraged to simultaneously reduce costs and enhance the value of healthcare Features contributions from leading international medical geneticists and health economists that are actively evolved in economic assessments of genomic and precision medicine