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Clinical Neurophysiology Basis And Technical Aspects

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Clinical Neurophysiology Basis and Technical Aspects

Clinical Neurophysiology  Basis and Technical Aspects Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-03
ISBN : 0444640339
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Neurophysiology: Basis and Technical Aspects, the latest release in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, is organized into sections on basic physiological concepts, on the function and limitations of modern instrumentation, and on other fundamental or methodologic aspects related to the recording of various bioelectric signals from the nervous system for clinical or investigative purposes. There is discussion of the EEG, nerve conduction studies, needle electromyography, intra-operative clinical neurophysiology, sleep physiology and studies, the autonomic nervous system, various sensory evoked potentials, and cognitive neurophysiology. Provides an up-to-date review on the practice of neurophysiological techniques in the assessment of neurological disease Explores the electrophysiological techniques used to better understand neurological function and dysfunction, first in the area of consciousness and epilepsy, then in the areas of the peripheral nervous system and sleep Focuses on new techniques, including electrocorticography, functional mapping, stereo EEG, motor evoked potentials, magnetoencephalography, laser evoked potentials, and transcranial magnetic stimulation

Clinical Neurophysiology in Disorders of Consciousness

Clinical Neurophysiology in Disorders of Consciousness Book
Author : Andrea O. Rossetti,Steven Laureys
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-03-19
ISBN : 9783709116333
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past two decades, electrophysiology has undergone unprecedented changes thanks to technical improvements, which simplify measurement and analysis and allow more compact data storage. This book covers in detail the spectrum of electrophysiology applications in patients with disorders of consciousness. Its content spans from clinical aspects of the management of subjects in the intensive care unit, including EEG, evoked potentials and related implications in terms of prognosis and patient management to research applications in subjects with ongoing consciousness impairment. While the first section provides up-to-date information for the interested clinician, the second part highlights the latest developments in this exciting field. The book comprehensively combines clinical and research information related to neurophysiology in disorder-of- consciousness patients, making it an easily accessible reference for neuro-ICU specialists, epileptologists and clinical neurophysiologists as well as researchers utilizing EEG and event-related potentials.

Magnetoencephalography An Issue of Neuroimaging Clinics of North America

Magnetoencephalography An Issue of Neuroimaging Clinics of North America Book
Author : Roland Lee,Mingxiong Huang
Publisher : Elsevier Health Sciences
Release : 2020-06-21
ISBN : 0323709419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This issue of Neuroimaging Clinics of North America focuses on Magnetoencephalography (MEG), and is edited by Drs. Roland Lee and Mingxiong Huang. Articles will include: MEG signal processing, forward modeling, MEG inverse source imaging, and Coherence analysis; Magnetoencephalography for pre-surgical functional mapping; Magnetoencephalography for mild TBI and PTSD; Magnetoencephalography for autism; Magnetoencephalography for schizophrenia; Magnetoencephalography for Alzheimer's disease; Pediatric Magnetoencephalography; The MEG Measurement Techniques; MEG and Language/Linguistics; MEG for Epilepsy; Integration of MEG results into the patient workup – Merging multiple modalities; and more!

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0444641246
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sex Differences in Neurology and Psychiatry, Volume 175, addresses this important issue by viewing major neurological and psychiatric conditions through the lens of sexual dimorphism, providing an entirely novel approach to understanding vulnerability factors, as well as potential new treatment strategies in several common neuropsychiatric disorders. The handbook comprises four major sections: (1) Introduction to sex differences in neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, (2) Description of the impact of genetic, epigenetic, sex hormonal and other environmental effects on cerebral sex dimorphism, (3) Review of sex differences in neurologic disorders, and (4) Review of sex differences in psychiatric disorders. Explores sex differences in human neuroanatomy and neurophysiology Offers a pathway toward a gender-specific treatment of neurologic and psychiatric disorders Provides an overview of the genetics of sex hormones, human brain structure, and function, as well as the epigenetics, environment and social context

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-06
ISBN : 0128213787
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurology of Vision and Visual Disorders, Volume 178 in the Handbooks of Neurology series provides comprehensive summaries of recent research on the brain and nervous system. This volume reviews alterations in vision that stem from the retina to the cortex. Coverage includes content on vision and driving derived from the large amount of time devoted in clinics to determining who is safe to drive, along with research on the interplay between visual loss, attention and strategic compensations that may determine driving suitability. The title concludes with vision therapies and the evidence behind these approaches. Each chapter is co-written by a basic scientist collaborating with a clinician to provide a solid underpinning of the mechanisms behind the clinical syndromes. Reviews the neurological underpinnings of visual perception disorders Encompasses the cortex to the retina Covers functional organization, electrophysiology and subcortical visual pathways Discusses assessment, diagnosis and management of visual perception disorders Includes international experts from Australia, Canada, Denmark, Germany, Singapore, and the UK and US

Neurocognitive Development Disorders and Disabilities

Neurocognitive Development  Disorders and Disabilities Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-09-25
ISBN : 0444641491
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is one volume of a two-volume work on neurocognitive development, focusing separately on normative and non-normative development. The disorders and disabilities volume focuses on disorders of intellectual abilities, language, learning memory as well as psychiatric developmental disorders. The developmental aspects of neurological diseases in children is also covered. Chapters discuss when and how these disorders develop, the genetics and neurophysiology of their operation, and their evaluation and assessment in clinical practice. Assessment, treatment, and long-term outcome are provided as well as advances in methods and tools for assessment. This book will serve as a comprehensive reference to researchers in cognitive development in neuroscience, psychology, and medicine, as well as to clinicians and allied health professionals focused on developmental disabilities (child neurologists, pediatric neuropsychologists, child psychiatrists, speech and language therapists, and occupational therapists.) Summarizes research on neurocognitive developmental disorders and disabilities Includes disorders of intellectual abilities, language, learning, memory, and more Separately covers developmental aspects of neurological diseases in children Features advances in methods and tools of assessment Reviews patient care, rehabilitation, and long-term outcomes Provides interdisciplinary information of use to both researchers and clinicians

Neurocognitive Development Normative Development

Neurocognitive Development  Normative Development Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-09-22
ISBN : 0444641513
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This is one of a two-volume work on neurocognitive development, focusing separately on normative and non-normative development. The normative volume focuses on neurology, biology, genetics, and psychology of normative cognitive development. It covers the development of intellectual abilities, visual perception, motor function, language, memory, attention, executive function, social cognition, learning abilities, and affect and behavior. The book identifies when and how these functions develop, the genetics and neurophysiology of their operation, and their evaluation and assessment in clinical practice. This book will serve as a comprehensive reference to researchers in cognitive development in neuroscience, psychology, and medicine, as well as to clinicians and allied health professionals focused on developmental disabilities (child neurologists, pediatric neuropsychologists, child psychiatrists, speech and language therapists, and occupational therapists.) Summarizes research on normative neurocognitive development Includes intellectual abilities, language, memory, attention, motor function, and more Discusses genetics and environmental influences on development Provides interdisciplinary information of use to both researchers and clinicians

Neuroplasticity

Neuroplasticity Book
Author : Angelo Quartarone,Maria Felice Ghilardi,Francois Boller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-14
ISBN : 0128194111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neuroplasticity: From Bench to Bedside, Volume 184 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides a comprehensive multidisciplinary guide to neuroplasticity. Sections summarize the basic mechanisms of neuroplasticity, focus on neuroplasticity in movement disorders, discuss brain oscillations in neurological disorders, segue into plasticity in neurorehabilitation, and cover issues of inflammation and autoimmunity in neuroplasticity. The book concludes with a section on neuroplasticity and psychiatric disorders. Covers basic mechanisms and clinical treatment approaches in neurological disorders Includes inflammation, autoimmunity, genetics, neurophysiology, and more Encompasses stroke, Alzheimer’s, movement and psychiatric disorders Provides tools for enhancing recovery

Disorders of Emotion in Neurologic Disease

Disorders of Emotion in Neurologic Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-11
ISBN : 0128222891
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Disorders of Emotion in Neurologic Disease, Volume 183 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology Series, informs clinicians on which neurologic diseases are likely to have a secondary effect on emotion, what to look for in diagnosis, and best practices for treatment. The book begins with an understanding of the neurological basis for emotions in order to better understand what goes awry in neurological disease. It then discusses specific neurologic diseases and disorders affecting emotion. Reviews the neurology of emotions Specifies neurologic diseases that affect emotional expression Informs clinicians on how to diagnose, along with best practices for treatment Includes coverage of stroke, dementia, epilepsy, Huntington's, Parkinson's, TBI, and more

The Human Hypothalamus

The Human Hypothalamus Book
Author : Dick F. Swaab,Felix Kreier,Paul J. Lucassen,Ahmad Salehi,Ruud M. Buijs
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-01
ISBN : 0128201088
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Hypothalamus is an important area of the brain for understanding a variety of neurological disorders. This volume summarizes for readers the anatomy and physiology of the middle and posterior hypothalamus, to better understand pathology and treatment of hypothalamus related disorders. In addition to anatomy and physiology in humans, cytoarchitecture and chemoarchitecture in rodents is provided. The volume explores the role of the hypothalamus in disorders of eating, sleeping, anxiety, and mood, as well as its role in sexual behavior and gender identity. Coverage includes how Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and other neurological disorders relate to the hypothalamus. Reviews the anatomy and physiology of the middle and posterior hypothalmus Provides cytoarchitecture and chemoarchitecture from rodents Discusses hypothalamic related disorders of eating, sleeping, anxiety, and mood Covers how Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s and other neurological disorders relate to the hypothalamus Explores the role of the hypothalamus in sexual behavior and gender identity

Interventional Neuroradiology

Interventional Neuroradiology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-01-22
ISBN : 0444640355
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Interventional Neuroradiology, Volume 179, provides a basic outline of the field of interventional neuroradiology that is accessible to fellows, residents, clinicians and researchers in various disciplines, from diagnostic and interventional radiology to vascular neurology, general and vascular neurosurgery, and vascular biology. This volume offers a timely update to experienced clinical practitioners in a logical, easy-to-follow format. Content includes neurovascular anatomy, vascular biology, neurovascular physiology, vascular imaging, as well as sections on the diagnosis and therapeutic treatment of neurovascular disease. Explores the general scope of current clinical interventional neuroradiology, both for endovascular and percutaneous image-guided diagnosis and interventions in a variety of pathologies Defines basic physiological principles (e.g., cerebral perfusion pressure, intracranial pressure, vasospasm, tissue osmolality) with reference to those most essential to the management of neurovascular diseases Discusses pathophysiology and the unique challenges of pediatric cerebrovascular diseases, as well as endovascular and surgical therapies

Heart and Neurologic Disease

Heart and Neurologic Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-23
ISBN : 0128203897
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Clinical Neurology series volumes provide comprehensive summaries of recent research on the brain and nervous system as they relate to clinical neurology. Cardiac disorders and diseases may often co-occur with, or cause, subsequent neurological disorders. Heart and Neurologic Disease identifies the top cardiac diseases and disorders most likely to have neurological disorders, how they will present, and how they are best treated. It identifies the mechanisms of action explaining why the conditions co-occur, and what clinicians should look for symptom wise, and how risk may be assessed. Coverage includes genetic cardiac disorders, cardiac trauma, surgery, infection, disease, and arrhythmia. Identifies the top cardiac diseases and disorders most likely to have neurological complications Specifies how the neurological complication will present and advance and how it should be treated Discusses the mechanism of action—why the two conditions co-occur Includes genetic conditions, trauma, surgery, infection, disease, arrythmias, and more Covers prevention and risk assessment

Clinical Neurophysiology Diseases and Disorders

Clinical Neurophysiology  Diseases and Disorders Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-13
ISBN : 0444641432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clinical Neurophysiology: Diseases and Disorders, the latest release in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, reviews the current practice of clinical neurophysiology in the laboratory, by the bedside, and in the operating room or intensive care unit. The volume is organized into sections focused on diseases of the central and peripheral nervous systems, sleep disorders, and autonomic disorders. Among the CNS topics covered are epilepsy, altered states of consciousness, disorders of cognition, brain death, demyelinating diseases, stroke, pain, movement disorders, vestibular disease, and auditory disorders. Peripheral nervous system topics include focal mononeuropathies, generalized polyneuropathies, muscle diseases, hyperexcitability states, neuromuscular junction disorders, anterior horn cells diseases, and cranial neuropathies. There are also chapters on sleep apneas, hypersomnias, parasomnias, and circadian rhythm disorders. Autonomic topics include primary autonomic failure, multisystem atrophy, and postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome. Provides an up-to-date review on the practice of the neurophysiological techniques used in the assessment of neurological diseases Explores the electrophysiological techniques used to better understand neurological function and dysfunction of the central and peripheral nervous systems Discusses monitoring neurologic function in the intensive care unit and the assessment of suspected brain death Includes discussions of various newer techniques, including functional brain mapping, stereo EEG, motor evoked potentials, magnetoencephalography, laser evoked potentials, and transcranial magnetic stimulation

Neurology and Pregnancy

Neurology and Pregnancy Book
Author : Eric A.P. Steegers,Marilyn J. Cipolla,Eliza C. Miller
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-08-05
ISBN : 0444642927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurology and Pregnancy provides a comprehensive multidisciplinary guide to best practices for research and practicing neurologists, as well as obstetricians and other specialists caring for women with an acute or chronic neurological disorder. The book encompasses preconception care, genetic counseling, pregnancy in patients with chronic neurological disorders, and acute pregnancy-related neurological complications. Postpartum care and complications, including lactation concerns, are also addressed, as well as the long-term effects of pregnancy and its complications on maternal brain health. Vol 1 summarizes the complex neurophysiological changes in pregnancy from a basic and translational science perspective. This includes neuroimaging, principles of neuro-obstetric critical care, and ethical and medicolegal concerns, describes normal fetal cerebral development and summarizes the management of the most common prenatal neurological diagnoses. Vol 2 focuses on chronic neurological conditions in pregnancy such as epilepsy, migraine, and multiple sclerosis, as well as acute neurological disorders including preeclampsia/ eclampsia, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, and CNS infections. Each chapter introduction includes data on epidemiology, when applicable. In discussing management, comments of safety profiles of medications preconceptionally, during pregnancy and lactation are summarized. Each chapter includes 1-2 illustrative cases. Encompasses both chronic and acute neurological disorders in pregnancy Includes epilepsy, sleep disorders, MS, headaches, neuromuscular disorders Covers spinal injury and movement disorders Contains cerebrovascular diseases and brain tumors Examines stroke, hemorrhage, TBI, preeclampsia and more Supplies illustrative case study examples

Neurology and Pregnancy

Neurology and Pregnancy Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-07-29
ISBN : 0444642919
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neurology and Pregnancy provides a comprehensive multidisciplinary guide to best practices for research and practicing neurologists, as well as obstetricians and other specialists caring for women with an acute or chronic neurological disorder. The book encompasses preconception care, genetic counseling, pregnancy in patients with chronic neurological disorders, and acute pregnancy-related neurological complications. Postpartum care and complications, including lactation concerns, are also addressed, as well as the long-term effects of pregnancy and its complications on maternal brain health. Vol 1 summarizes the complex neurophysiological changes in pregnancy from a basic and translational science perspective. This includes neuroimaging, principles of neuro-obstetric critical care, and ethical and medicolegal concerns, describes normal fetal cerebral development and summarizes the management of the most common prenatal neurological diagnoses. Vol 2 focuses on chronic neurological conditions in pregnancy such as epilepsy, migraine, and multiple sclerosis, as well as acute neurological disorders including preeclampsia/ eclampsia, ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, and CNS infections. Each chapter introduction includes data on epidemiology, when applicable. In discussing management, comments of safety profiles of medications preconceptionally, during pregnancy and lactation are summarized. Each chapter includes 1-2 illustrative cases. Discusses neuroendocrine, brain, PNS, and cerebro-vascular changes in pregnancy Includes neurological care of the pregnant patient Covers neuroimaging and monitoring techniques Reviews common neurological complications with pregnancy Supplies illustrative case study examples

Surgical Treatment of Epilepsies

Surgical Treatment of Epilepsies Book
Author : Josef Zentner
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 3030487482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book fills the gap between the increasing demand for epilepsy surgical experience and limited training facilities in this area. It comprehensively describes surgical techniques, including tricks and pitfalls, based on the author’s 30 years of experience, providing optimal and effective training for young neurosurgeons by avoiding learning by trial and error. Moreover, it also includes useful information for epileptologists and other professionals involved in the epilepsy surgical program to allow them to gain a better understanding of possibilities and limitations of epilepsy surgery.

Oxford Textbook of Clinical Neurophysiology

Oxford Textbook of Clinical Neurophysiology Book
Author : Kerry R. Mills
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2017-02-23
ISBN : 0191512842
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Clinical Neurology series, the Oxford Textbook of Clinical Neurophysiology includes sections that provide a summary of the basic science underlying neurophysiological techniques, a description of the techniques themselves, including normal values, and a description of the use of the techniques in clinical situations. Much of diagnostic neurophysiology is essentially pattern recognition which is illustrated throughout the text using audio and video examples. Divided into four key sections, this book begins with the scientific basis of clinical neurophysiology (Section 1) before exploring specific techniques including Electromyography, Intracranial EEG recordings, and Magnetoencephalography (Section 2). The final two sections explore clinical aspects of both the peripheral nervous system (Section 3) and the central nervous system (Section 4).

Neonatal Neurology

Neonatal Neurology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-07-17
ISBN : 0444640304
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Neonatal Neurology, Volume 162 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology, series updates the reader on the latest advances in the study of neurological diseases diagnosed in the fetal and neonatal periods. With recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging, digital electroencephalography recording, and genetic testing and diagnosis, there is expanding awareness relating to early onset neurological conditions and how their early diagnosis can improve prediction of outcome and subsequent neurodevelopmental outcome. This new volume covers diagnosis and management of congenital conditions, including brain malformations, neuromuscular conditions and genetic epilepsies, as well as acquired injury related to peri-partum events, prematurity, critical illness and systemic diseases. Provides an in-depth understanding of the basic scientific research, translational research and clinical consensus across neonatal and fetal medicine Explores how early neurological diagnosis can improve prediction of outcome and how management can improve subsequent neurodevelopmental outcome Features chapters co-authored by two experts, combining expertise in both neonatal and fetal neurology

Geriatric Neurology

Geriatric Neurology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-12-18
ISBN : 0128051418
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geriatric Neurology, Volume 167, serves as an update on the basic biological and behavioral mechanisms underlying the aging process, with an emphasis on neurological aging and state-of-the-art reviews on our understanding of vascular, cognitive, neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric diseases in the elderly. Developed with an eye to providing both the basic underpinnings of age-related changes and the clinical information necessary to aid in diagnostics and treatment, the book serves as a useful volume for students, basic and translational scientists, and practicing clinicians on how to understand and treat common neurological disorders in the elderly. Reviews the foundations of geriatric neurology, including the fundamentals of age associated changes in molecular biology, altered pharmacokinetics and psychopharmacology that make drug therapy in the elderly different from younger patients Contains major advances in our understanding of neurodegenerative diseases Features contributions from world leaders in geriatric neurology–the broadest, most expert coverage available

Psychopharmacology of Neurologic Disease

Psychopharmacology of Neurologic Disease Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-12
ISBN : 0444640134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Psychopharmacology of Neurologic Disease, Volume 165 in the Handbook of Clinical Neurology series, provides clinicians with an up-to-date, critical review of the best approaches to treatment of neurologic disease as discussed by experienced clinical investigators. The book is organized into sections on dementia, delirium, movement disorders, hereditary degenerative disease, epilepsy and psychogenic seizures, brain vascular disease, pseudobulbar affect, traumatic brain injury, neuro-oncology, multiple sclerosis and other demyelinating disorders, chronic fatigue syndrome/fibromyalgia, pain, headache, sleep disorders, autoimmune encephalitis/anti- NMDA encephalitis, functional sensory neurologic symptom disorders and neurodevelopmental disorders. Each of these diagnostic categories has a significant incidence of behavioral symptomatology that is secondary to the neurologic diagnosis that can serve to complicate other therapeutic interventions, alter the course of illness, and cause distress in patients and family caregivers. Provides a systematic, evidence-based compendium of best practices in the treatment of behavioral symptomatology relating to neurologic conditions Integrates state-of-the-art approaches in treating all behavioral symptomatology across all major neurologic disorders Explores psychopharmacological intervention, non-pharmacological strategies, behavioral symptomatology, and therapeutic interventions