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Climate Change Impacts On Soil Processes And Ecosystem Properties

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Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-06-01
ISBN : 0444638687
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change Impacts on Soil Processes and Ecosystem Properties, Volume 35 presents current and emerging soil science research around the areas of soil processes and climate change, also evaluating future research needs. The book combines the five areas of soil science (microbiology, physics, fertility, pedology, and chemistry) to give a comprehensive assessment. This integration of topics is rarely done in a single publication due to the disciplinary nature of the soil science areas, so users will find it to be a comprehensive resource on the topic. Provides an analysis of all areas of soil science in the context of climate change impact on soil processes and ecosystem properties Presents information that is displayed in an accessible form for practitioners and disciplines outside of soil science Contains a concluding section in each chapter which assesses key areas Includes a discussion on future research and direction

Soil Responses to Climate Change

Soil Responses to Climate Change Book
Author : Mark D.A. Rounsevell,Peter J. Loveland
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 3642792189
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soils will play a central role in mediating the impact of climate change on natural and managed ecosystems. The book addresses the various responses of soil processes and properties to environmental change and highlights their contribution to the proper understanding of ecosystem behaviour. Topics include: Soil hydrology; landscape evolution; salinisation; desertification; soil nitrogen dynamics; soil carbon; soil microbiology; soil erosion; crop modelling.

Climate Change Impacts on Coastal Soil and Water Management

Climate Change Impacts on Coastal Soil and Water Management Book
Author : Zied Haj-Amor,Salem Bouri
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-01-22
ISBN : 100076849X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change Impacts on Coastal Soil and Water Management discusses the latest approaches for monitoring soil and water degradation in coastal regions under current climate conditions as well as potential further changes in the future. It presents an overview of climate change impacts on soil and water resources and summarizes the adaptation of practical options and strategies to minimize the potential risks, such as land degradation, seawater intrusion, droughts, ocean acidification, etc. The book aims to promote the adoption of best practices, which can be selected and implemented according to the respective local conditions. In addition, the recommendations for specific soil and water use planning strategies to address climate change can also be incorporated into national and international development plans. Features: • Presents the general properties and analysis of soil and water resource conditions for coastal regions • Offers practical advice for adapting to climate change through case studies from diverse coastal settings around the globe • Presents information in an accessible format for practitioners in soil and water sciences, as well as for those working in related disciplines • Includes end-of-chapter summaries and homework problems Written primarily for practicing soil, water, agricultural, and environmental scientists, this book provides the latest research on soil and water resources management, soil processes and properties, and the related effects of climate change. It assesses the effectiveness of the methods currently in use and under future climate change scenarios as well.

Land Use Change Impacts on Soil Processes

Land Use Change Impacts on Soil Processes Book
Author : Francis Q Brearley,Andrew D Thomas
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2015-09-29
ISBN : 1780642105
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the effects that land-use changes (notably agricultural intensification, logging, soil erosion, urbanisation and mining) have on soil characteristics and processes in tropical and savannah environments. It covers a range of geographical regions and environments as impacts of land use change are often site specific. The effects of land use change on various aspects of the soil ecosystem from both a chemical and biological perspective will be examined.

Soils on a Warmer Earth

Soils on a Warmer Earth Book
Author : H.W. Scharpenseel,M. Schomaker,A. Ayoub
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 1990-08-15
ISBN : 9780080869889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The theme of this book is a far reaching one and should attract great interest, both in industrialized as well as in less developed countries. Although the question of climate change and its effects on soil productivity is overshadowed by so many current events, it is almost certain that this subject will remain on the international agenda for the years to come; not only as science and research are concerned but also in relation to development policies, agricultural policies and others, especially since poor, rich, developed and developing countries are equally threatened by these problems.

Climate Change and Soil Interactions

Climate Change and Soil Interactions Book
Author : Majeti Narasimha Vara Prasad,Marcin Pietrzykowski
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-06
ISBN : 0128180331
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change and Soil Interactions examines soil system interactions and conservation strategies regarding the effects of climate change. It presents cutting-edge research in soil carbonization, soil biodiversity, and vegetation. As a resource for strategies in maintaining various interactions for eco-sustainability, topical chapters address microbial response and soil health in relation to climate change, as well as soil improvement practices. Understanding soil systems, including their various physical, chemical, and biological interactions, is imperative for regaining the vitality of soil system under changing climatic conditions. This book will address the impact of changing climatic conditions on various beneficial interactions operational in soil systems and recommend suitable strategies for maintaining such interactions. Climate Change and Soil Interactions enables agricultural, ecological, and environmental researchers to obtain up-to-date, state-of-the-art, and authoritative information regarding the impact of changing climatic conditions on various soil interactions and presents information vital to understanding the growing fields of biodiversity, sustainability, and climate change. Addresses several sustainable development goals proposed by the UN as part of the 2030 agenda for sustainable development Presents a wide variety of relevant information in a unique style corroborated with factual cases, colour images, and case studies from across the globe Recommends suitable strategies for maintaining soil system interactions under changing climatic conditions

Soil Responses to Climate Change

Soil Responses to Climate Change Book
Author : Mark D.A. Rounsevell,Peter J. Loveland
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014-01-15
ISBN : 9783642792199
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Soil Responses to Climate Change book written by Mark D.A. Rounsevell,Peter J. Loveland, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Simulation of Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems

Simulation of Soil Organic Matter Dynamics and Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems Book
Author : Alister Keith Metherell
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Management interacts with natural driving variables in an agroecosystem to have a major impact on the processes which control the ecosystem properties. The CENTURY soil organic matter (SOM) model integrates the effects of climate and soil driving variables with agricultural management to simulate C, N, P, S, and water dynamics in the soil-plant system, with an emphasis on long-term SOM dynamics. A new agroecosystem version of the CENTURY model was designed for the simulation of complex agricultural management systems including crop rotations, a variety of tillage practices, fertilizer, and irrigation. The results of two wheat-fallow tillage comparison experiments in Nebraska were used for calibration of the crop production sub-model and validation of the soil C and N dynamics. The CENTURY model closely predicted the decline in SOM following the conversion of native grassland to wheat-fallow management, in each of the 3 tillage treatments, but the accumulation of mineral N during the fallow period was underestimated. The simulation analysis of alternative crop management systems for the semi-arid Great Plains, with reduced periods of summer fallow and more intensive crop rotations incorporating corn, sorghum and millet clearly showed benefits in increased crop production and SOM, in comparison to the traditional wheat-fallow system. Simulation of the effects of climate change and levated CO2 demonstrated the importance of the direct effects of CO2 on crop growth. Wheat production is predicted to increase with elevated CO2, while production of corn, sorghum, and millet declined due to lower summer rainfall in the climate change scenario. SOM was predicted to be increased by climate change and/or elevated CO2 in all the systems in which wheat was grown. The CENTURY model was successfuly parameterized to predict the dynamics of C, N. P, and S pools in grazed, fertilized, grass-clover pasture in New Zealand. However, in the unfertilized treatment the model greatly underestimated the amount of soil organic matter, even although pasture yields were overestimated. In all systems the future trends in SOM are dependant on interactions between the current SOM level, soil properties, climate, and agricultural management.

Global Climate Change and Cold Regions Ecosystems

Global Climate Change and Cold Regions Ecosystems Book
Author : John M. Kimble
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2000-06-28
ISBN : 9781566704595
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global Climate Change and Cold Regions Ecosystems provides information on soil processes and the carbon cycle in cold ecoregions as well as the soil carbon pool and its fluxes in the soils of cold ecoregions. Filling a void in this area of soil science, this resource explains soil processes influencing C dynamics under natural and disturbed ecosystems. The soils of the cold region ecosystems serve as a net sink of atmospheric C. However, an increase in global temperature could render them a net source. In the event of global warming, the cold regions ecosystems-arctic, sub-arctic, alpine, Antarctic, boreal forests, and peatlands-will undergo radical changes. Potential environmental change could drastically increase the active soil layer and influence the large C pool found in them. Topics include: soil C pools in different cold ecoregions, the impact of natural and anthropogenic disturbances on the soil C pool, the method of assessment of C and other properties of soils of the cold regions ecosytems while focusing on the fate of C in permafrost soils. Global Climate Change and Cold Regions Ecosystems covers the current and possible future effects of the cold ecoregions soil C pool on the global carbon pool.

Aboveground Belowground Linkages

Aboveground Belowground Linkages Book
Author : Richard D. Bardgett,David A. Wardle
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2010-07-29
ISBN : 0199546878
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Synthesises and evaluates recent advances concerning how species and their interactions influence terrestrial ecosystem processes, such as productivity, decomposition, nutrient cycling, and fluxes.

Global Change Newsletter

Global Change Newsletter Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A study of global change (IGBP) of the International Council of Scientific Unions.

Soil Management and Climate Change

Soil Management and Climate Change Book
Author : Maria Angeles Munoz,Raúl Zornoza
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2017-10-27
ISBN : 0128121297
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Soil Management and Climate Change: Effects on Organic Carbon, Nitrogen Dynamics, and Greenhouse Gas Emissions provides a state of the art overview of recent findings and future research challenges regarding physical, chemical and biological processes controlling soil carbon, nitrogen dynamic and greenhouse gas emissions from soils. This book is for students and academics in soil science and environmental science, land managers, public administrators and legislators, and will increase understanding of organic matter preservation in soil and mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. Given the central role soil plays on the global carbon (C) and nitrogen (N) cycles and its impact on greenhouse gas emissions, there is an urgent need to increase our common understanding about sources, mechanisms and processes that regulate organic matter mineralization and stabilization, and to identify those management practices and processes which mitigate greenhouse gas emissions, helping increase organic matter stabilization with suitable supplies of available N. Provides the latest findings about soil organic matter stabilization and greenhouse gas emissions Covers the effect of practices and management on soil organic matter stabilization Includes information for readers to select the most suitable management practices to increase soil organic matter stabilization

Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems

Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems Book
Author : John M. Kimble
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-04-04
ISBN : 1351444794
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Tropical ecosystems - the regions between the tropics of Cancer and Capricorn - play an important role in global processes, economic issues, and political concerns. In their natural state, tropical ecosystems support a large quantity of above- and below-ground biomass, and constitute a major part of the terrestrial carbon pool. Conversion of the natural ecosystem to agriculture and forestry ecosystems disturbs this ecological balance. Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems presents data on carbon pool fluxes from case studies in 12 countries in tropical regions. The chapters cover: Characteristics of tropical ecosystems Soil and biotic carbon pools Impacts of land use and soil management Slash-and-burn practices Crop residue and fertility management This volume adds to the understanding of pedospheric processes in tropical ecosystems and how to better use soils as a sink for carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases. With Global Climate Change and Tropical Ecosystems you will understand the link between soil productivity, environmental quality and the global carbon cycle, not only in these ecologically sensitive regions but worldwide.

Global Climate Change and Human Impacts on Forest Ecosystems

Global Climate Change and Human Impacts on Forest Ecosystems Book
Author : J. Puhe,B. Ulrich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642595316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The inclusion of forests as potential biological sinks in the Kyoto Protocol to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in 1997 has attracted international attention and again has put scientific and political focus on the world's forests, regarding their state and development. The international discus sion induced by the Kyoto Protocol has clearly shown that not only the tropical rain forests are endangered by man's activities, but also that the forest ecosystems of boreal, temperate, mediterranean and subtropical regions have been drastically modified. Deforestation on a large scale, burning, over-exploitation, and the degra dation of the biological diversity are well-known symptoms in forests all over the world. This negative development happens in spite of the already existing knowledge of the benefits of forests on global energy and water regimes, the biogeochemical cycling of carbon and other elements as well as on the biological and cultural diversity. The reasons why man does not take care of forests properly are manifold and complex and there is no easy solution how to change the existing negative trends. One reason that makes it so difficult to assess the impacts of human activity on the future development of forests is the large time scale in which forests react, ranging from decades to centuries.

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Diana H. Wall,Richard D. Bardgett,Valerie Behan-Pelletier,Jeffrey E. Herrick,T. Hefin Jones,Wim H. van der Putten,Donald R. Strong
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 0199688168
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services. This is a valuable reference book for academic libraries and professional ecologists worldwide as a statement of progress in the broad field of soil ecology. It will also be of interest to both upper level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in soil ecology, as well as academic researchers and professionals in the field requiring an authoritative, balanced, and up-to-date overview of this fast expanding topic.

Plant Strategies Vegetation Processes and Ecosystem Properties

Plant Strategies  Vegetation Processes  and Ecosystem Properties Book
Author : J. Philip Grime,Philip Grime
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons Incorporated
Release : 2001-06-13
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title discusses the various strategies in plant ecology and vegetation processes and ecosystem properties - the biological interaction of organisms and their physical environment.

Plant Functional Types

Plant Functional Types Book
Author : Thomas Michael Smith,T. M. Smith,H. H. Shugart,F. I. Woodward
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1997-05-13
ISBN : 9780521566438
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 1997 book describes techniques for defining plant functional types in global detail.

Polish Journal of Ecology

Polish Journal of Ecology Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Polish Journal of Ecology book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Global Change

Global Change Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Global Change book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle

Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle Book
Author : Rattan Lal,John M. Kimble,Ronald F. Follett,B.A. Stewart
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-02-06
ISBN : 1351415751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

World soils contain about 1500 gigatons of organic carbon. This large carbon reserve can increase atmospheric concentrations of CO2 by soil misuse or mismanagement, or it can reverse the 'greenhouse' effect by judicious land use and proper soil management. Soil Processes and the Carbon Cycle describes soil processes and their effects on the global carbon cycle while relating soil properties to soil quality and potential and actual carbon reserves in the soil. In addition, this book deals with modeling the carbon cycle in soil, and with methods of soil carbon determinations.