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Climate Change And Food Security With Emphasis On Wheat

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Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat

Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat Book
Author : Munir Ozturk,Alvina Gul
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-04-03
ISBN : 0128195673
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat is the first book to present the full scope of research in wheat improvement, revealing the correlations to global issues including climate change and global warming which contribute to food security issues. Wheat plays a key role in the health of the global economy. As the world population continuously increases, economies modernize, and incomes rise, wheat production will have to increase dramatically to secure it as a reliable and sustainable food source. Since covering more land area with wheat crops is not a sustainable option, future wheat crops must have consistently higher yields and be able to resist and/or tolerate biotic and abiotic stresses that result from climate change. Addressing the biophysical and socioeconomic constraints of producing high-yielding, disease-resistant, and good quality wheat, this book will aid in research efforts to increase and stabilize wheat production worldwide. Written by an international team of experts, Climate Change and Food Security with Emphasis on Wheat is an excellent resource for academics, researchers, and students interested in wheat and grain research, especially as it is relevant to food security. Covers a wide range of disciplines, including plant breeding, genetics, agronomy, physiology, pathology, quantitative genetics and genomics, biotechnology and gene editing Explores the effect of climate change on biotic stresses (stripe rust, stem rust, leaf rust, Karnal bunt, spot blotch) on wheat production and utilization of biotechnology Focuses on whole genome sequencing and next-generation sequencing technologies to improve wheat quality and address the issue of malnutrition in developing world

Food Security and Climate Change

Food Security and Climate Change Book
Author : Shyam Singh Yadav,Robert J. Redden,Jerry L. Hatfield,Andreas W. Ebert,Danny Hunter
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 2019-03-04
ISBN : 1119180643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book looks at the current state of food security and climate change, discusses the issues that are affecting them, and the actions required to ensure there will be enough food for the future. By casting a much wider net than most previously published books—to include select novel approaches, techniques, genes from crop diverse genetic resources or relatives—it shows how agriculture may still be able to triumph over the very real threat of climate change. Food Security and Climate Change integrates various challenges posed by changing climate, increasing population, sustainability in crop productivity, demand for food grains to sustain food security, and the anticipated future need for nutritious quality foods. It looks at individual factors resulting from climate change, including rising carbon emission levels, increasing temperature, disruptions in rainfall patterns, drought, and their combined impact on planting environments, crop adaptation, production, and management. The role of plant genetic resources, breeding technologies of crops, biotechnologies, and integrated farm management and agronomic good practices are included, and demonstrate the significance of food grain production in achieving food security during climate change. Food Security and Climate Change is an excellent book for researchers, scientists, students, and policy makers involved in agricultural science and technology, as well as those concerned with the effects of climate change on our environment and the food industry.

Climate Change and Food Security

Climate Change and Food Security Book
Author : David B. Lobell,Marshall Burke
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-12-21
ISBN : 9048129524
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Roughly a billion people around the world continue to live in state of chronic hunger and food insecurity. Unfortunately, efforts to improve their livelihoods must now unfold in the context of a rapidly changing climate, in which warming temperatures and changing rainfall regimes could threaten the basic productivity of the agricultural systems on which most of the world’s poor directly depend. But whether climate change represents a minor impediment or an existential threat to development is an area of substantial controversy, with different conclusions wrought from different methodologies and based on different data. This book aims to resolve some of the controversy by exploring and comparing the different methodologies and data that scientists use to understand climate’s effects on food security. In explains the nature of the climate threat, the ways in which crops and farmers might respond, and the potential role for public and private investment to help agriculture adapt to a warmer world. This broader understanding should prove useful to both scientists charged with quantifying climate threats, and policy-makers responsible for crucial decisions about how to respond. The book is especially suitable as a companion to an interdisciplinary undergraduate or graduate level class.

Sustainable Food Security in the Era of Local and Global Environmental Change

Sustainable Food Security in the Era of Local and Global Environmental Change Book
Author : Mohamed Behnassi,Olaf Pollmann,Gabrielle Kissinger
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-07-01
ISBN : 9400767196
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses a broad range of vital issues encompassing the production and consumption of food in the current period of climate change. All of these add up to looming, momentous challenges to food security, especially for people in regions where malnutrition and famine have been the norm during numerous decades. Furthermore, threats to food security do not stop at the borders of more affluent countries – governance of food systems and changes in eating patterns will have worldwide consequences. The book is arranged in four broad sections. Part I, Combating Food Insecurity: A Global Responsibility opens with a chapter describing the urgent necessity for new paradigm and policy set to meet the food security challenges of climate change. Also in this section are chapters on meat and the dimensions of animal welfare, climate change and sustainability; on dietary options for mitigating climate change; and the linkage of forest and food production in the context of the REDD+ approach to valuation of forests. Part II, Managing Linkages Between Climate Change and Food Security offers a South Asian perspective on Gender, Climate Change and Household Food Security; a chapter on food crisis in sub-Saharan Africa; and separate chapters on critical issues of food supply and production in Nigeria, far-Western Nepal and the Sudano-Sahelian zone of Cameroon. Part III examines Food Security and patterns of production and consumption, with chapters focused on Morocco, Thailand, Bahrain, Kenya and elsewhere. The final section discusses successful, innovative practices, with chapters on Food Security in Knowledge-Based Economy; Biosaline Agriculture in the Gulf States; Rice production in a cotton zone of Benin; palm oil in the production of biofuel; and experiments in raised-bed wheat production. The editors argue that technical prescriptions are insufficient to manage the food security challenge. They propose and explain a holistic approach for adapting food systems to global environmental change, which demands the engagement of many disciplines – a new, sustainable food security paradigm.

New Challenges to Food Security

New Challenges to Food Security Book
Author : Ian Christoplos,Adam Pain
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2014-11-13
ISBN : 1136777601
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food security is high on the political agenda. Fears about societal insecurity due to food price increases and hunger, grave scenarios regarding the effects of climate change and general uncertainty about the impacts of investments in biofuels and so-call “land grabbing” on food prices and availability have meant that food security is now recognised as being a multifaceted challenge. This book is unique in that it will bring together analyses of these different factors that impact on food security. This volume will describe a range of different perspectives on food security, with an emphasis on the various meanings that are applied to food security “crisis”. The challenges to be reviewed include market volatility, climate change and state fragility. Analyses of responses to food security crises and risk will cover rural and urban contexts, arenas of national policy formation and global food regimes, and investment in land and productive technologies. This book is unique in two respects. First, it takes a step back from the normative literature focused on specific factors of, for example, climate change, agricultural production or market volatility to look instead at the dynamic interplay between these new challenges. It helps readers to understand that food security is not one discourse, but is rather related to how these different factors generate multiple risks and opportunities. Second, through the case studies the book particularly emphasises how these factors come together at local levels as farmers, entrepreneurs, consumers, local government officials and others are making key decisions about what will be done to address food security and whose food security will be given priority. The book will explore how food production and consumption is embedded in powerful political and market forces and how these influence local actions.

Sustainable Solutions for Food Security

Sustainable Solutions for Food Security Book
Author : Atanu Sarkar,Suman Ranjan Sensarma,Gary W. vanLoon
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-04
ISBN : 9783319778778
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume is the first centralized source of technological and policy solutions for sustainable agriculture and food systems resilience in the face of climate change. The editors have compiled a comprehensive collection of the latest tested, replicable green technologies and approaches for food security, including smart crops and new agricultural paradigms, sustainable natural resources management, and strategies for risk assessment and governance. Studies from resource-constrained countries with vulnerable populations are emphasized, with contributions on multisector partnership from development professionals. Debates concerning access to climate-smart technologies, intellectual property rights, and international negotiations on technology transfer are also included. The editors are, respectively, a public health physician, a development professional and an environmental scientist. They bring their varied perspectives together to curate a holistic volume that will be useful for policy makers, scientists, community-based organizations, international organizations and researchers across the world.

Climate Change Risks and Food Security in Bangladesh

Climate Change Risks and Food Security in Bangladesh Book
Author : Winston H. Yu
Publisher : Earthscan
Release : 2010-09-23
ISBN : 1849776385
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Managing climate variability and change remains a key development and food security issue in Bangladesh. Despite significant investments, floods, droughts, and cyclones during the last two decades continue to cause extensive economic damage and impair livelihoods. Climate change will pose additional risks to ongoing efforts to reduce poverty. This book examines the implications of climate change on food security in Bangladesh and identifies adaptation measures in the agriculture sector using a comprehensive integrated framework.First, the most recent science available is used to characterize current climate and hydrology and its potential changes. Second, country-specific survey and biophysical data is used to derive more realistic and accurate agricultural impact functions and simulations. A range of climate risks (i.e. warmer temperatures, higher carbon dioxide concentrations, changing characteristics of floods, droughts and potential sea level rise) is considered to gain a more complete picture of potential agriculture impacts. Third, while estimating changes in production is important, economic responses may to some degree buffer against the physical losses predicted, and an assessment is made of these. Food security is dependent not only on production, but also future food requirements, income levels and commodity prices. Finally, adaptation possibilities are identified for the sector. This book is the first to combine these multiple disciplines and analytical procedures to comprehensively address these impacts. The framework will serve as a useful guide to design policy intervention strategies and investments in adaptation measures.

Crop Adaptation to Climate Change

Crop Adaptation to Climate Change Book
Author : Shyam Singh Yadav,Robert J. Redden,Jerry L. Hatfield,Hermann Lotze-Campen,Anthony J. W. Hall
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2011-08-02
ISBN : 0470960906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A major task of our time is to ensure adequate food supplies for the world's current population (now nearing 7 billion) in a sustainable way while protecting the vital functions and biological diversity of the global environment. The task of providing for a growing population is likely to be even more difficult in view of actual and potential changes in climatic conditions due to global warming, and as the population continues to grow. Current projections suggest that the world's temperatures will rise 1.8-4.0 by 2100 and population may reach 8 billion by the year 2025 and some 9 billion by mid-century, after which it may stabilize. This book addresses these critical issues by presenting the science needed not only to understand climate change effects on crops but also to adapt current agricultural systems, particularly in regard to genetics, to the changing conditions. Crop Adaptation to Climate Change covers a spectrum of issues related to both crops and climatic conditions. The first two sections provide a foundation on the factors involved in climate stress, assessing current climate change by region and covering crop physiological responses to these changes. The third and final section contains chapters focused on specific crops and the current research to improve their genetic adaptation to climate change. Written by an international team of authors, Crop Adaptation to Climate Change is a timely look at the potentially serious consequences of climate change for our global food supply, and is an essential resource for academics, researchers and professionals in the fields of crop science, agronomy, plant physiology and molecular biology; crop consultants and breeders; as well as climate and food scientists.

Food Security of Women Farmers The Impact of Climate Change

Food Security of Women Farmers  The Impact of Climate Change Book
Author : Namita Nepal
Publisher : Women's Rehabilitation Center (WOREC)
Release : 2015-05-31
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change has a major impact on food security in Nepal. Almost all women farmers in the country depend upon agriculture as a major source of income to enhance their food security. There has thus far been no systematic study about the impact of climate change on food security of women farmers. Therefore to fill this lacuna, the present study was conducted in five Village Development Committees with 150 households of Udayapur district in Nepal. The present research aims to study the perception of farmers about climate change, the impact of climate change on agriculture and food security. It also documents the adaptation strategies that farmers practice. The study also attempts to study the agricultural policies through a gender perspective and identify the gaps in the policy. Both primary and secondary sources were used for data collection. The production of the major food crops like wheat, maize, rice, fruits fresh vegetables and livestock has been in relative decline since the past several years. Sometimes total crop failure occurred due to drought, excessive rainfall or an epidemic of insects, pests and diseases. The change in the climatic pattern has resulted in decreased crop productivity that increases food insecurity of the people. Farmers use different adaptation measures to cope with the adverse effect of climate change. These helped to minimise crop losses and improve the food security situation of women farmers by preventing crop loss. The national agricultural policy was found lacking in gender sensitivity. Based on the analysis of the data, recommendations have been made to the government.

Climate Change Food Security and Natural Resource Management

Climate Change  Food Security and Natural Resource Management Book
Author : Mohamed Behnassi,Olaf Pollmann,Himangana Gupta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-15
ISBN : 3319970917
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contributes to the on-going debates on climate change by focusing on the SDGs and exploring linkages between environmental change and food security as well as the relevance and need to consider the management of natural resources, especially water, soil and forest. Compared to relevant existing publications, this book covers case studies that capture the everyday realities of the local people and how they react and adapt to similar situations in different geographical settings. Each case study presented in this book gives a particular message. The strength of this book lies in the fact that it covers the most neglected topics in climate negotiations in spite of the fact that these decide the fate of millions of people around the world, especially the developing countries. By presenting a collection of case studies from Africa, Asia and Europe, this book encourages cross-continental knowledge sharing. The scope of the book ranges from impacts to mitigation and from in-field experiments to policy implementation. It contributes to the existing knowledge on climate-food nexus and connects climate change to sectors it could impact directly. All chapters in this book emphasise local ownership of strategy processes, effective participation from all levels, and high-level commitment. Besides being relevant for the academicians and scholars working in the field of climate change, forest and agriculture, it aims to catch interest of the policy makers and practitioners to understand ground realities for appropriate action. It is also bound to make an impact on the Non-Governmental Organizations around the world and in the three different continents that this book covers, considering the indigenous and local issues highlighted in this book.

Climate Change and Food Security in Nigeria

Climate Change and Food Security in Nigeria Book
Author : O.O. Ogunkoya
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Climate Change and Food Security in Nigeria book written by O.O. Ogunkoya, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Food Security and Food Production

Food Security and Food Production Book
Author : C. Sheela Reddy
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2015
ISBN : 1443881570
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"The food security of a nation is largely dependent on its ecological foundation. In India, competition for water, land, human, and financial resources, and the suitability of the existing institutional system in ensuring food security require the attention of both policy makers and planners. Food crops have to compete for water and various other needs with commercial crops. Water, the core requirement for food production, is becoming increasingly scarce in many parts of India. Land is also crucial in food production, especially with regards to soil fertility. However, lands traditionally used for growing crops are increasingly used instead for various other purposes. The balancing of the expectations of farmers in the markets, for want of better prices, with the national objective of food security is imperative in this climate. This necessitates public investment in agriculture, including seed supply, soil health initiatives, and pest control. The institutional challenges in ensuring food security in India are currently under-explored, with more discussion on entitlements and rights, in relation to food security, but less attention on the public institutions that are likely to play a critical role. Public institutions, through the use of policies, schemes and programmes, need to address the issues which impinge on the ecological foundation of food security, while the governance architecture related to this has to integrate the public distribution system properly. This book addresses these challenges and offers insights into what changes need to be made to ensure food security in India."--

Climate Change and Food Security in South Asia

Climate Change and Food Security in South Asia Book
Author : Rattan Lal,Mannava VK Sivakumar,S.M.A. Faiz,A.H.M. Mustafizur Rahman,Khandakar R. Islam
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-10-17
ISBN : 9789048195169
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses an important topic of food security in South Asia with specific reference to climate change. Of the 1 billion food insecure people in the world, more than 30% are in South Asia. The problem of food insecurity may be exacerbated by the projected climate change especially because of the water scarcity caused by rapid melting of the glaciers in the Himalayas and increase in variability in monsoonal rains and frequency of extreme events. Furthermore, large populations of Bangladesh and other coastal regions may be displaced by sea level rise. Thus, this volume addresses recommended land use and soil/water/crop/vegetation management practices which would enable land managers to adapt to climate disruption by enhancing soil/ecosystem/social resilience. In addition to biophysical factors, this book also addresses the issues related to human dimensions including social, ethnical and political considerations.

Quantification of Climate Variability Adaptation and Mitigation for Agricultural Sustainability

Quantification of Climate Variability  Adaptation and Mitigation for Agricultural Sustainability Book
Author : Mukhtar Ahmed,Claudio O. Stockle
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-09-06
ISBN : 3319320599
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is a comprehensive volume dealing with climate change impacts on agriculture, and which can help guide the redesign of agricultural management and cropping systems. It includes mitigation techniques such as use of bioenergy crops, fertilizer and manure management, conservation tillage, crop rotations, cover crops and cropping intensity, irrigation, erosion control, management of drained wetlands, lime amendments, residue management, biochar and biotechnology. It also includes Management of GHG emissions Crop models as decision support tools QTL analysis Crop water productivity Impacts of drought on cereal crops Silvopastoral systems Changing climate impact on wheat-based cropping systems of South Asia Phosphorous dynamics under changing climate Role of bioinformatics The focus of the book is climate change mitigation to enhance sustainability in agriculture. We present various kinds of mitigation options, ways to minimize GHG emissions and better use of the latest techniques in conservation and environmental-sustainability.

Water and Food Security in Central Asia

Water and Food Security in Central Asia Book
Author : Chandra Madramootoo,Victor Dukhovny
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-11-16
ISBN : 9400701128
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Central Asia is vulnerable to water scarcity because it is located in semiarid and arid vegetation zones and large parts of its economy depend on water for irrigation and energy. Climate-change scenarios predict temperature increases and a rising number of extreme weather events, which will exacerbate water shortages in the future. In addition, the population of Central Asia is growing more rapidly than the rate of food production which is resulting in food insecurity in many parts of the region too. This volume reports the deliberations of politicians, scientists and representatives of water management organizations from throughout Central Asia. Their contributions not only highlight areas of concern, but also propose numerous ideas for improving the long-term water- and food security in the region.

Global Food Security

Global Food Security Book
Author : Munir A. Hanjra
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2013-01-01
ISBN : 9781626181922
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Global food security remains at ever greater risk. This is true despite greater concerns and robust actions by world political leaders such as the G8 Summit and other stakeholders world-wide. Pro-active public policies and programs are needed for enhancing food security and ending world hunger and poverty. This book spans the globe presenting leading research in food security and economic implications. Topics discussed include: a systemic approach to food security in agrarian societies; impacts of climate change on agriculture and its implications for food security; impacts of climate change on artisanal fisheries; crop holidays -- emerging issues of food security in India; the impacts of HIV/AIDS and household food security; affordable micro irrigation-based vegetable farming for income, employment and food security; informal sector employment and food security; adoption of wheat production technologies; and gender mainstreaming in food security and pro-poor programs. It offers synthesis, lessons, and policy implications for Africa and Asia. This book also provides an exciting agenda for future research and collaboration on the important issue of global food security over the coming years.

Climate Variability Drought and Drought Management in Tunisia s Agricultural Sector

Climate Variability  Drought  and Drought Management in Tunisia s Agricultural Sector Book
Author : Dorte Verner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change and recurrent climate events are making water-scarce countries like Tunisia and its agricultural lands drier and more vulnerable to drought. These recurrent climate events are also known as teleconnections and include natural climatic events such as the El Nino Southern oscillation (ENSO), the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO), and the Mediterranean oscillation (MO). These climate phenomena contribute to droughts, which negatively affect key rain-fed crops, suchas wheat and barley, and livestock. As a result, farmers are becoming more vulnerable as climate change and teleconnections make temperatures rise and rainfall become more sporadic. Agriculture is important for rural communities and the overall Tunisian economy. Twenty percent of the population is employed in agriculture, which accounts for 10 percent of the country's gross domestic product (GDP) and 10 to 12 percent of total exports, on average. Wheat and other rainfedcrops are critical to food security and livestock survival and are the crops most affected by climate variability. Climate change's adverse impacts on agriculture are a contingent liability for the Tunisian economy, including for the country's GDP, trade balance, and balance of payments. As agricultural and agro-industrial outputs fall, food and fodder imports must rise to meet domestic demand. Therefore, this report suggests additional action on implementing integrated drought management (IDM) on top of what the government is already doing. Food and agriculture value chains are affected by climate events. This report includes detailed analyses of two key value chains, namely wheat and dairy. The analyses were done in representative lagging regions, including Jendouba for the dairy value chain and Siliana and Beja for the wheat value chain. Currently, wheat and dairy are the main subsectors in the lagging regions, and in the short term, strengthening these subsectors will increase jobs, incomes, and food security. This study finds that the El Nino Southern oscillation (ENSO) was a less important contributor to the 2015-16 drought in Tunisia than other teleconnections. ENSO drought impacts are more pronounced in other parts of the world than in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. This report also examines wheat and dairy agriculture to determine how well they are adapting to climate change and climate variability. Current adaptation pathways to increase agricultural incomes and productivityfocus on increasing tree crops, which generally are more resilient to drought than field crops. Still, improving water management is also an essential part of this adaptation plan.

The Global Agenda

The Global Agenda Book
Author : Charles W. Kegley
Publisher : McGraw-Hill Humanities, Social Sciences & World Languages
Release : 1992
ISBN : 9780070337077
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A reader by top scholars; The Global Agenda is incisive in its coverage of key concepts, issues and theoretical and prescriptive approaches to the interpretation of world politics. The readings in this top selling book are broad based, balanced, and are categorized into four areas that build on the distinction between high and low politics.

Science and Sustainable Food Security

Science and Sustainable Food Security Book
Author : Monkombu Sambasivan Swaminathan
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9814282103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides a roadmap for achieving sustainable agricultural advance and food security in an era of climate change and global economic melt-down. The contents include a description of the paradigm shift under the leadership of the author, from a green to an ever-green revolution necessary for advancing productivity in perpetuity without ecological harm. Science and Sustainable Food Security shows many methods of linking ecological security with livelihood security, and provides a scientific basis for entering an era of biohappiness based on the sustainable and equitable use of biodiversity. Also, methods of adaptation to the impact of global warming are described. This book will prove in valuable to all interested in sustainable human security and happiness.

Climate Change Impacts on Wheat Productivity Using Ceres Wheat Model

Climate Change Impacts on Wheat Productivity Using Ceres Wheat Model Book
Author : Raj Kumar Pal,N. S. Murty
Publisher : LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Release : 2012-04
ISBN : 9783847370307
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is one of the most important environmental challenges with its implications on food security, water supply, health, energy etc. The wheat production in the country is highly variable due to inter seasonal weather variability and has been projected to be 109 mt by 2020 which needs sincere efforts to mitigate the effect of climatic aberrations. Specifically, the main purpose of this study was to quantify the impact of changes in temperature, solar radiation and CO2 concentration that affect the level of wheat production. The impact of climate change on wheat production can be minimized through adaptability, varietal management and agronomic practices using CERES-wheat model. In Uttarakhand, wheat productivity accounted 15 % to 30 % more with the timely sown crop (20th November) than late sowing. Wheat yield has the positive correlation with CO2 concentration and negatively correlated with temperature. This book, therefore, provides a new metric of success for farmers to deciding agricultural operations and minimize the risks and extremely important to planners in the developing countries which will be the most vulnerable to the effects of global warming.