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Extreme Events and Climate Change

Extreme Events and Climate Change Book
Author : Federico Castillo,Michael Wehner,Dáithí A. Stone
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-04-26
ISBN : 1119413648
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An authoritative volume focusing on multidisciplinary methods to estimate the impacts of climate-related extreme events to society As the intensity and frequency of extreme events related to climate change continue to increase, there is an urgent need for clear and cohesive analysis that integrates both climatological and socioeconomic impacts. Extreme Events and Climate Change provides a timely, multidisciplinary examination of the impacts of extreme weather under a warming climate. Offering wide-ranging coverage of the methods and analysis that relate changes in extreme events to their societal impacts, this volume helps readers understand and overcome the methodological challenges associated with extreme event analysis. Contributions from leading experts from across disciplines describe the theoretical requirements for analyzing the complex interactions between meteorological phenomena and the resulting outcomes, discuss new approaches for analyzing the impacts of extreme events on society, and illustrate how empirical and theoretical concepts merge to form a unified plan that enables informed decision making. Throughout the text, innovative frameworks allow readers to find solutions to the modeling and statistical challenges encountered when analyzing extreme events. Designed for researchers and policy makers alike, this important resource: Discusses topics central to understanding how extreme weather changes as the climate warms Provides coverage of analysis methods that relate changes in extreme events to their societal impacts Reviews significant theoretical and modeling advances in the physical aspects of climate science Presents a comprehensive view of state of the science, including new ways of using data from different sources Extreme Events and Climate Change: A Multidisciplinary Approach is an indispensable volume for students, researchers, scientists, and practitioners in fields such as hazard and risk analysis, climate change, atmospheric and ocean sciences, hydrology, geography, agricultural science, and environmental and space science.

Global Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events

Global Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events Book
Author : Institute of Medicine,Board on Global Health,Forum on Microbial Threats
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2008-10-23
ISBN : 0309124026
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Long before the "germ theory" of disease was described, late in the nineteenth century, humans knew that climatic conditions influence the appearance and spread of epidemic diseases. Ancient notions about the effects of weather and climate on disease remain embedded in our collective consciousness-through expressions such as "cold" for rhinovirus infections; "malaria," derived from the Latin for "bad air;" and the common complaint of feeling "under the weather." Today, evidence is mounting that earth's climate is changing at a faster rate than previously appreciated, leading researchers to view the longstanding relationships between climate and disease with new urgency and from a global perspective. On December 4 and 5, 2007, the Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop in Washington, DC to consider the possible infectious disease impacts of global climate change and extreme weather events on human, animal, and plant health, as well as their expected implications for global and national security.

Attribution of Extreme Weather Events in the Context of Climate Change

Attribution of Extreme Weather Events in the Context of Climate Change Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Committee on Extreme Weather Events and Climate Change Attribution
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2016-08-28
ISBN : 0309380944
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As climate has warmed over recent years, a new pattern of more frequent and more intense weather events has unfolded across the globe. Climate models simulate such changes in extreme events, and some of the reasons for the changes are well understood. Warming increases the likelihood of extremely hot days and nights, favors increased atmospheric moisture that may result in more frequent heavy rainfall and snowfall, and leads to evaporation that can exacerbate droughts. Even with evidence of these broad trends, scientists cautioned in the past that individual weather events couldn't be attributed to climate change. Now, with advances in understanding the climate science behind extreme events and the science of extreme event attribution, such blanket statements may not be accurate. The relatively young science of extreme event attribution seeks to tease out the influence of human-cause climate change from other factors, such as natural sources of variability like El Niño, as contributors to individual extreme events. Event attribution can answer questions about how much climate change influenced the probability or intensity of a specific type of weather event. As event attribution capabilities improve, they could help inform choices about assessing and managing risk, and in guiding climate adaptation strategies. This report examines the current state of science of extreme weather attribution, and identifies ways to move the science forward to improve attribution capabilities.

Climate Change and Extreme Events

Climate Change and Extreme Events Book
Author : Ali Fares
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-02-26
ISBN : 0128232889
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change and Extreme Events uses a multidisciplinary approach to discuss the relationship between climate change-related weather extremes and their impact on human lives. Topics discussed are grouped into four major sections: weather parameters, hydrological responses, mitigation and adaptation, and governance and policies, with each addressed with regard to past, present and future perspectives. Sections give an overview of weather parameters and hydrological responses, presenting current knowledge and a future outlook on air and stream temperatures, precipitation, storms and hurricanes, flooding, and ecosystem responses to these extremes. Other sections cover extreme weather events and discuss the role of the state in policymaking. This book provides a valuable interdisciplinary resource to climate scientists and meteorologists, environmental researchers, and social scientists interested in extreme weather. Provides an integrated interdisciplinary approach to how climate change impacts the hydrological system Addresses significant knowledge gaps in our understanding of climate change and extreme events Discusses the societal impacts of climate change-related weather extremes, including multilevel governance and adaptation policy

Vulnerability Studies in the Americas

Vulnerability Studies in the Americas Book
Author : Paula Mussetta,Margot Hurlbert
Publisher : Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Release : 2020-01-06
ISBN : 1527544915
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is the result of a seven-year project that involved the countries of Chile, Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Canada in assessing climate change, climate change vulnerability, and adaptive capacity. It employs a unique methodology for integrating the findings brought together here, and fills a gap in academic literature in relation to case studies on South America in English, comparative case studies of the global North and South and vulnerability assessment.

Climate Change Extreme Events and Disaster Risk Reduction

Climate Change  Extreme Events and Disaster Risk Reduction Book
Author : Suraj Mal,R.B. Singh,Christian Huggel
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-12-05
ISBN : 3319564692
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the science, causes, impacts and risk reduction strategies for climate change and disasters. It focuses on the use of traditional knowledge, new innovation and education to build a culture of safety and resilience at all levels in order to promote sustainable development goals in general and disaster risk reduction in particular. The global climate has changed substantially over the last century. There is strong evidence of global climate change in the form of increase in air and sea surface temperature, recession of glaciers, changes and shifting of climate regimes, increasing number of extreme events and sea levels changes. The increasing frequency of climate change induced disasters in particular is posing a threat to resilience, lives and livelihoods at global, regional and local levels. Major ecosystems of the world have experienced several climate induced disaster events in recent past. This book provides new insights into the occurrence and impacts of climatic extremes and strategies for disaster risk reduction. It includes studies on rainfall and temperature trends, floods and drought disasters, weather and climatic related disasters in mountains, changes in plant activities, risk assessment and responses in different ecosystems of the world. The book is particularly useful for environmental and disaster managers, researchers and graduate students, as well as policy makers.

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation

Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation Book
Author : Christopher B. Field,Vicente Barros,Thomas F. Stocker,Qin Dahe
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2012-05-28
ISBN : 1107380103
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report (IPCC-SREX) explores the challenge of understanding and managing the risks of climate extremes to advance climate change adaptation. Extreme weather and climate events, interacting with exposed and vulnerable human and natural systems, can lead to disasters. Changes in the frequency and severity of the physical events affect disaster risk, but so do the spatially diverse and temporally dynamic patterns of exposure and vulnerability. Some types of extreme weather and climate events have increased in frequency or magnitude, but populations and assets at risk have also increased, with consequences for disaster risk. Opportunities for managing risks of weather- and climate-related disasters exist or can be developed at any scale, local to international. Prepared following strict IPCC procedures, SREX is an invaluable assessment for anyone interested in climate extremes, environmental disasters and adaptation to climate change, including policymakers, the private sector and academic researchers.

Cranking Up the Intensity

Cranking Up the Intensity Book
Author : Climate Council of Australia
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-02-08
ISBN : 9781925573145
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Cranking Up the Intensity book written by Climate Council of Australia, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Extreme Weather and Rising Seas A True Book Understanding Climate Change

Extreme Weather and Rising Seas  A True Book  Understanding Climate Change  Book
Author : Karina Hamalainen
Publisher : Scholastic Inc.
Release : 2020-11-10
ISBN : 0531137821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What is the difference between climate and weather? How does ice melting at the South Pole affect sea levels thousands of miles away? This book explains how climate change contributes to rising sea levels and hazards such as heat waves, droughts, and extra-powerful storms. Learn how scientists analyze these extreme events and predict how they might change in the future.Glaciers are melting. Summers are heating up. Sea levels are on the rise. Climate change is affecting every corner of our planet - and it's the subject of a lot of concern, activism, and debate. STEM meets current events in this new A True Book set that offers readers the chance to learn about the causes and effects of climate change, as well as how people around the world are reacting to it. Students will read about the history and scope of the problem, analyze the same kinds of evidence that scientists do, and come away with tools that will help them respond to this pressing global issue.This series covers Next Generation Science Standards core ideas including Weather and Climate, Human Impacts on Earth Systems, Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer, and Biodiversity and Humans.

Indirect effects of global climate change and the impact of extreme weather events on the German food system

Indirect effects of global climate change and the impact of extreme weather events on the German food system Book
Author : Avigdor Burmeister
Publisher : GRIN Verlag
Release : 2018-04-05
ISBN : 366867888X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Master's Thesis from the year 2017 in the subject Environmental Sciences, grade: 1,3, Christian-Albrechts-University of Kiel, language: English, abstract: The long-term reduction of hunger has recently slowed down as a result of ongoing global climate change, increasing climate variability, and extreme weather events, disrupting our global food system. The direct impacts of climate change in Germany are expected to be comparably low and the ability to adapt to these impacts is high. However, it is likely that Germany, as part of a highly interconnected world, may become increasingly affected by climate change impacts in other world regions. This thesis investigates how adverse effects of global climate change can be transferred across borders to demonstrate the various potential indirect impacts of climate change and extreme weather events on food systems. Moreover, this study seeks to assess how far the direct effects on agricultural productivity abroad and the disruption of transportation-related infrastructures can affect the German food system to depict its level of exposure to the indirect effects of global climate change via trade of agricultural commodities. The results show that Germany is heavily dependent on the import of soybeans, palm oil, bananas, and coffee from increasingly vulnerable trading partners outside of Europe. The direct impact on the production of these commodities represents a significant threat to the German food system via trade. The evidence suggests that improved understanding of the indirect impacts of climate change on food systems is needed to be able to adapt to the full range of risks from climate change, climate variability and extreme events on agricultural production.

Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events

Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events Book
Author : P. Vellinga,W. J. van Verseveld
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2000
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Climate Change and Extreme Weather Events book written by P. Vellinga,W. J. van Verseveld, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate Change and Human Well Being

Climate Change and Human Well Being Book
Author : Inka Weissbecker
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2011-08-04
ISBN : 9781441997425
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate change is increasing the severity of disasters and adverse weather conditions worldwide, with particularly devastating effects on developing countries and on individuals with lower resources. Climate change is likely to impact mental health and psychosocial well-being via multiple pathways, leading to new challenges. Direct effects such as gradual environmental changes, higher temperatures, and natural disasters, are likely to lead to more indirect consequences such as social and economic stressors, population displacement, and conflict. Climate change, largely the product of industrialized nations, is projected to magnify existing inequalities and to impact the most vulnerable, including those with low resources, individuals living in developing countries and specific populations such as women, children and those with pre-existing disabilities. This book outlines areas of impact on human well being, consider specific populations, and shed light on mitigating the impact of climate change. Recommendations discuss ways of strengthening community resilience, building on local capacities, responding to humanitarian crises, as well as conducting research and evaluation projects in diverse settings.

Climate Change and Risk

Climate  Change and Risk Book
Author : Thomas Downing,A. Olsthoorn,R.S.J. Tol
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2002-03-11
ISBN : 1134698992
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate, Change and Risk presents an overview of 'extreme' weather related events and our ability to cope with them. It focuses on society's responses, insurance matters and methodologies for the analysis of climatic hazards. Drawing on worldwide research from the leading names in the field this volume explores the changes in weather hazards that might be expected as the global climate changes.

Storm Warnings Climate Change and Extreme Weather

Storm Warnings  Climate Change and Extreme Weather Book
Author : Scientific American Editors
Publisher : Scientific American
Release : 2012-11-12
ISBN : 1466824174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Storm Warnings: Climate Change and Extreme Weather by the Editors of Scientific American Hurricanes. Blizzards. Flooding. Drought. If extreme events like these seem to be on the rise, it's for apparent reason. The first three-quarters of 2012 brought the worst European winter in 25 years; massive flooding in Australia, Brazil and China; a deepening drought affecting over 50% of the US; and Hurricane Sandy inflicted massive damage on the Northeast US. The likelihood of these extreme weather events are increasingly being tied to anthropogenic—or manmade, mostly through overproduction of carbon dioxide—global warming. It's no longer an abstract idea; it's being felt locally, on every level. This eBook, Storm Warnings: Climate Change and Extreme Weather, gives you the tools to better understand what's behind climate change, what might be in store during the coming decades and how we can begin to reverse the detrimental effects mankind has had on the atmosphere. The first half of the book focuses on those unprecedented weather events and the science behind them, from the devastation of Hurricane Sandy to the collapse of glacial ice shelves in the Antarctic. Chapter 5 delves into greenhouse gas emissions and their effect on global warming, including an excellent piece by leading expert James Hansen, who exposes the main culprits of climate change. The last chapters focus on addressing and reducing the problems of climate change at both the public policy and local levels. In particular, Scientific American Editor David Biello lays out 10 solutions that include small changes we all can make in our daily lives—practical, but effective, consumer choices that add up. It might be a drop in the bucket, but every drop counts.

Reducing Disaster Early Warning Systems For Climate Change

Reducing Disaster  Early Warning Systems For Climate Change Book
Author : Ashbindu Singh,Zinta Zommers
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-05-12
ISBN : 9401785988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Around the world, extreme weather events are becoming increasingly "the new normal" and are expected to increase in the 21st century as a result of climate change. Extreme weather events have devastating impacts on human lives and national economies. This book examines ways to protect people from hazards using early warning systems, and includes contributions from experts from four different continents representing 14 different universities, 8 government agencies and two UN agencies. Chapters detail critical components of early warning systems, ways to identify vulnerable communities, predict hazards and deliver information. Unique satellite images illustrate the transnational impact of disasters, while case studies provide detailed examples of warning systems. With contributors from the fields of economics, ethics, meteorology, geography and biology, this book is essential reading for anyone interested in disaster risk reduction or climate change.

ITF Research Reports Adapting Transport to Climate Change and Extreme Weather Implications for Infrastructure Owners and Network Managers

ITF Research Reports Adapting Transport to Climate Change and Extreme Weather Implications for Infrastructure Owners and Network Managers Book
Author : International Transport Forum
Publisher : OECD Publishing
Release : 2016-12-15
ISBN : 9282108074
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This report addresses the fundamental challenges that climate change poses to infrastructure owners, who face two major challenges. First, they must ensure continued asset performance under sometimes significantly modified climate conditions that may decrease the present value of their networks ...

Extreme Weather and Climate Change

Extreme Weather and Climate Change Book
Author : David Francis,Henry Hengeveld,Canada. Environment Canada
Publisher : Environnement Canada
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Extreme Weather and Climate Change was prepared in response to questions often posed by policy makers and the general public about whether or not perceived changes in weather behaviour in recent years, particularly with respect to extreme weather events and related disasters, are real, and, if so, whether such changes are linked to climate change. It is being published as the second in a series of "special" Climate Change Digest reports aimed at explaining and assessing our current understanding (or lack thereof) of some of the more complex and controversial aspects of climate change science"--Introductory comments.

Extreme Weather and Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in the Dobrogea Region

Extreme Weather and Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in the Dobrogea Region Book
Author : Maftei, Carmen
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2015-04-30
ISBN : 1466684399
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

New technologies and assessment methods create improved opportunities to monitor and predict the onset of natural disasters in the era of global warming. Researchers continue to evaluate the changes in weather patterns in order to better understand natural phenomena. Extreme Weather and Impacts of Climate Change on Water Resources in the Dobrogea Region presents a descriptive environmental resource focused on a Romanian region affected by the changing climate. In discussing methods of assessment, monitoring, and prediction, the research included in this publication is an essential resource for policymakers, academicians, researchers, advanced-level students, technology developers, and government officials who wish to expand their research exposure to pertinent topics related to flooding and droughts due to climate change.

Extreme Weather Events

Extreme Weather Events Book
Author : Marcia Amidon Lusted
Publisher : Greenhaven Publishing LLC
Release : 2017-07-15
ISBN : 1534501223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the wake of every killer hurricane, devastating wild fire, severe drought, or once-in-a-century flooding event, it has become commonplace for scientists, politicians, and ordinary citizens to debate whether or not these severe weather events can be tied directly to climate change and global warming. The scientific consensus generally indicates that we are beginning to see upticks in extreme weather due to warming and the resulting shift in weather patterns. Certain politicians, business interests, and energy executives, however, forcefully reject such connections as unproven and speculative. Where does the truth lie? This anthology collects the strongest viewpoints from across the ideological spectrum and the globe and allows readers to evaluate the arguments and evidence for themselves before forming an educated opinion.

Climate Change and Flood Risk Management

Climate Change and Flood Risk Management Book
Author : E. Carina H. Keskitalo
Publisher : Edward Elgar Publishing
Release : 2013-11-29
ISBN : 1781006679
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taken together, the studies show that integration of adaptation in flood risk and emergency management may differ strongly _ not only with risk, but with a number of institutional and contextual factors, including capacities and priorities in the speci