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Climate Change And Agricultural Ecosystems

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Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems

Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems Book
Author : Krishna Kumar Choudhary,Ajay Kumar,Amit Kishore Singh
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2019-05-04
ISBN : 0128175222
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems explains the causative factors of climate change related to agriculture, soil and plants, and discusses the relevant resulting mitigation process. Agricultural ecosystems include factors from the surrounding areas where agriculture experiences direct or indirect interaction with the plants, animals, and microbes present. Changes in climatic conditions influence all the factors of agricultural ecosystems, which can potentially adversely affect their productivity. This book summarizes the different aspects of vulnerability, adaptation, and amelioration of climate change in respect to plants, crops, soil, and microbes for the sustainability of the agricultural sector and, ultimately, food security for the future. It also focuses on the utilization of information technology for the sustainability of the agricultural sector along with the capacity and adaptability of agricultural societies under climate change. Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystems incorporates both theoretical and practical aspects, and serves as base line information for future research. This book is a valuable resource for those working in environmental sciences, soil sciences, agricultural microbiology, plant pathology, and agronomy. Covers the role of chemicals fertilizers, environmental deposition, and xenobiotics in climate change Discusses the impact of climate change on plants, soil, microflora, and agricultural ecosystems Explores the mitigation of climate change by sustainable methods Presents the role of computational modelling in climate change mitigation

Climate Change Resilient Agriculture and Agroforestry

Climate Change Resilient Agriculture and Agroforestry Book
Author : Paula Castro,Anabela Marisa Azul,Walter Leal Filho,Ulisses M. Azeiteiro
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-02-13
ISBN : 3319750046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book collects wide-ranging contributions such as case studies, reviews, reports on technological developments, outputs of research/studies, and examples of successful projects, presenting current knowledge and raising awareness to help the agriculture and forestry sectors find solutions for mitigating climate variability and adapting to change. It brings the topic of ecosystem services closer to education and learning, as targeted by the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. Climate change and its impacts on agriculture and agroforestry have been observed across the world during the last 50 years. Increasing temperatures, droughts, biotic stresses and the impacts of extreme events have continuously decreased agroforestry systems’ resilience to the effects of climate change. As such, there is a need to adapt farming and agroforestry systems so as to make them better able to handle ever-changing climate conditions, and to preserve habitats and ecosystems services.

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Ecosystems

Carbon Sequestration in Agricultural Ecosystems Book
Author : Klaus Lorenz,Rattan Lal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-05-31
ISBN : 3319923188
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive book on basic processes of soil C dynamics and the underlying factors and causes which determine the technical and economic potential of soil C sequestration. The book provides information on the dynamics of both inorganic (lithogenic and pedogenic carbonates) and organic C (labile, intermediate and passive). It describes different types of agroecosystems, and lists questions at the end of each chapter to stimulate thinking and promote academic dialogue. Each chapter has a bibliography containing up-to-date references on the current research, and provides the state-of-the-knowledge while also identifying the knowledge gaps for future research. The critical need for restoring C stocks in world soils is discussed in terms of provisioning of essential ecosystem services (food security, carbon sequestration, water quality and renewability, and biodiversity). It is of interest to students, scientists, and policy makers.

Climate Change Air Pollution and Global Challenges

Climate Change  Air Pollution and Global Challenges Book
Author : Thomas Knoke,Andreas Hahn
Publisher : Elsevier Inc. Chapters
Release : 2013-11-19
ISBN : 0128055782
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

We analyse options to adapt forest and agricultural ecosystems to the adverse consequences of climatic change. We provide an overview of global change as it relates to the forest and agriculture sectors and conclude that forests should be analysed and their management optimised, together with their neighbouring agricultural ecosystems, if we are to be successful in meeting the challenges of future land-use conflicts. These challenges include balancing the need to satisfy increasing food and resource demands (provisioning services) while still providing indispensable regulating services such as climate and water protection. For the forestry sector, we identify various options to adapt ecosystems to climatic change, such as appropriate choice of tree species, mixed and uneven-aged forests, thinnings and adapted rotation length. We see, however, great potential in comprehensive land-use portfolios containing mixed, and thus diversified, alternatives—with patches of croplands, pastures and forests—to achieve a more sustainable intensification of land-use concepts. Such concepts would reduce the vulnerability of land-use systems to the effects of climatic change. Natural forests, whose continued existence must be secured by conservation payments, are a necessary component used to store carbon, to protect the water balance and to preserve biodiversity. In future, comprehensive land-use models are necessary to make demonstrable and to optimise the ecological and economic consequences of various land-use concepts.

Adaptation to Climate Change

Adaptation to Climate Change Book
Author : Gabriel S. Umoh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9781493105106
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Adaptation to Climate Change book written by Gabriel S. Umoh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Combating Climate Change

Combating Climate Change Book
Author : Manjit S. Kang,Surinder S. Banga
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-03-26
ISBN : 1466566701
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The effects of climate change can already be felt around the world, and they will likely impact all facets of human civilization—from health, livelihood security, agricultural production, and shelter to international trade. Since anthropogenic factors are mainly to blame for the current trends in global warming, human intervention will be necessary to mitigate it. With 17 authoritative chapters, Combating Climate Change: An Agricultural Perspective outlines a framework for preparing agriculture for climate change, presenting the causes and consequences of climate change and possible remediation measures. With contributions from internationally recognized scientists, the chapters cover global food security, adaptation of agriculture to fulfill its greenhouse gas emissions mitigation potential, economic aspects of climate change, the soil organic carbon pool, the need for agroecological intelligence, and the development of nutrient-use-efficient crops. The text also addresses genetic mitigation of climate change effects through the development of climate-resilient crops and the use of genetic and genomic resources to develop highly productive crop cultivars, as well as the conservation of native agroecosystems. Expert contributors discuss the impacts of climate change on plant pathogens and plant disease as well as on insects and crop losses. They address abiotic stress resistance, conservation tillage as a mitigation strategy, and more. The final chapter demonstrates the practical use of the WorldClim and DIVA software for modeling current and future climates, using Timor Leste and India as examples. Covering a broad range of issues related to climate change and agriculture, this book brings together ideas for environmentally friendly technologies and opportunities to further increase and stabilize global agricultural productivity and ensure food security in face of mounting climate challenge.

Agriculture and Ecosystem Resilience in Sub Saharan Africa

Agriculture and Ecosystem Resilience in Sub Saharan Africa Book
Author : Yazidhi Bamutaze,Samuel Kyamanywa,Bal Ram Singh,Gorettie Nabanoga,Rattan Lal
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-22
ISBN : 3030129748
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume discusses emerging contexts of agricultural and ecosystem resilience in Sub Saharan Africa, as well as contemporary technological advances that have influenced African livelihoods. In six sections, the book addresses the sustainable development goals to mitigate the negative impacts on agricultural productivity brought about by climate change in Africa. Some of the challenges assessed include soil degradation, land use changes, natural resource mismanagement, declining crop productivity, and economic stagnation. This book will be of interest to researchers, NGOs, and development organizations. Section 1 focuses on climate risk management in tropical Africa. Section 2 addresses the water-ecosystem-agriculture nexus, and identifies the best strategies for sustainable water use. Section 3 introduces Information Communication Technology (ICT), and how it can be used for ecosystem and human resilience to improve quality of life in communities. Section 4 discusses the science and policies of transformative agriculture, including challenges facing crop production and management. Section 5 addresses landscape processes, human security, and governance of agro-ecosystems. Section 6 concludes the book with chapters uniquely covering the gender dynamics of agricultural, ecosystem, and livelihood resilience.

Agriculture Management for Climate Change

Agriculture Management for Climate Change Book
Author : Mark P. McHenry
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-01-01
ISBN : 9781634830263
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Mark researches within the School of Engineering and Information Technology at Murdoch University, Western Australia, and has an extensive publication history in peer reviewed journal articles, edited books, and international conferences. Marks collaborative research activities include projects in Australia, USA (Fulbright Scholar), Philippines (Endeavour Award Fellow), South Africa, and numerous other countries and locations in Africa and the Indo-Pacific region. His diverse research interests and publication history includes clean energy technology, agricultural system productivity, international and rural development, technology performance, energy policy, carbon markets, new water technology, and research collaborations.

Special Issue Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystem Management in Dry Areas

Special Issue  Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystem Management in Dry Areas Book
Author : Neil C. Turner
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Special Issue Climate Change and Agricultural Ecosystem Management in Dry Areas book written by Neil C. Turner, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural and Natural Ecosystems

Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural and Natural Ecosystems Book
Author : Marco Bindi,G. Brandani,A. Dessì
Publisher : Firenze University Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 888453920X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Impact of Climate Change on Agricultural and Natural Ecosystems book written by Marco Bindi,G. Brandani,A. Dessì, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Livestock Production and the Functioning of Agricultural Ecosystems Volume I

Livestock Production and the Functioning of Agricultural Ecosystems  Volume I Book
Author : Gary S. Kleppel,Fred Provenza,Juan Jose Villalba
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-08-24
ISBN : 2889712184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Livestock Production and the Functioning of Agricultural Ecosystems Volume I book written by Gary S. Kleppel,Fred Provenza,Juan Jose Villalba, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate Change Impacts on Basin Agro ecosystems

Climate Change Impacts on Basin Agro ecosystems Book
Author : Tsugihiro Watanabe,Selim Kapur,Mehmet Aydın,Rıza Kanber,Erhan Akça
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-12-11
ISBN : 3030010368
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on the outcomes of a Turkish-Japanese bilateral project dealing with the impacts of climate change on basin agro-ecosystems. The book is unique in showing an up-to-date knowledge for the developing world. The chapters are related to: a) the development and improvement of a regional climate model for a more accurate prediction with higher resolution of future changes in regional climate, b) the structure of land and water management in agricultural production systems in arid areas, especially to quantitatively evaluate the relationships among cropping systems, hydrological cycle and water balance in farmland and its environments, c) the assessment of the impact of climate change and its adaptation on agricultural production systems, mainly on the aspect of land and water management, and d) the vulnerability of agricultural production systems from natural changes and the measures for enhancing sustainability of agriculture. This book elaborates on the methodologies for the assessment of climate change impacts on agricultural production and adaptationIn this book, the concepts and processes of an integrated approach are outlined, and its application in a case project is introducedThe approaches described in the chapters would be applicable in different situations and could be improved with experience and the introduction of advanced techniques

The Ethics of Intensification

The Ethics of Intensification Book
Author : Paul B. Thompson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-09-19
ISBN : 1402087225
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Ethics of Agricultural Intensification: An Interdisciplinary and International Conversation Paul B. Thompson and John Otieno Ouko* Global agriculture faces a number of challenges as the world approaches the second decade of the third millennium. Predictions unilaterally indicate dramatic increases in world population between 2010 and 2030, and a trend in developing countries toward greater consumption of animal products could multiply the need for prod- tion of basic grains even further. Although global food production in 2000 was estimated to be adequate for the existing population, hunger and malnutrition are persistent problems that have led decision makers to recognize that increasing food production in specific regions may be the most effective way to address food se- rity for impoverished peoples. At the same time, there will need to be policy adju- ments that improve poor people’s access to current food supplies without simultaneously undercutting the ability of local producers to obtain needed cash income. What is more, the uncertain effects of global climate change on agricultural ecosystems complicate planning for this process, while poorly understood processes of globa- zation create additional unknowns from the side of social systems. In short, despite surpluses in many parts of the developed world, finding ways to increase food p- duction on both selected regional and a total global basis remains a priority for many farmers, policy makers and agricultural researchers.

Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA

Climate Change Impacts for the Conterminous USA Book
Author : Norman J. Rosenberg,James A. Edmonds
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2005-04-04
ISBN : 9781402032554
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume employs an improved Integrated Assessment methodology to analyze the impact of several climate change scenarios on agriculture, water resources, unmanaged ecosystems, irrigation, and land use in the United States, along with their economic implications. The text addresses a range of possible consequences, including impacts on international trade in agricultural commodities, and their consequences for producers and consumers.

International Agricultural Research and Climate Change

International Agricultural Research and Climate Change Book
Author : Louis V. Verchot
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download International Agricultural Research and Climate Change book written by Louis V. Verchot, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Nature s Matrix

Nature s Matrix Book
Author : Ivette Perfecto,John Vandermeer,Angus Wright
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-05-31
ISBN : 0429650280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

When first published in 2009, Nature’s Matrix set out a radical new approach to the conservation of biodiversity. This new edition pushes the frontier of the biodiversity/agriculture debate further, making an even stronger case for the need to transform agriculture and support small- and medium-scale agroecology and food sovereignty. In the first edition, the authors set out a radical new approach to the conservation of biodiversity. This is based on the concept of a landscape as a matrix of diverse, small-scale agricultural ecosystems, providing opportunities to enhance conservation under the stewardship of local farmers. This contrasts with the alternative view of industrial-scale farms and large protected areas which exclude local people. However, since then the debate around conservation and agriculture has developed significantly and this is reflected in this updated second edition. The text is thoroughly revised, including: a reorganization of chapters with new and timely topics introduced, updates to the discussion of agroecology and food sovereignty, bringing it in line with the current debates, greater coverage of the role of agroecology, in particular agroforestry, as an important component of climate change adaptation and mitigation, highlighting recent studies on the role of intensive agriculture in climate change and loss of biodiversity, and more attention given to the discussion of land sparing versus land sharing. By integrating the ecological aspects of agriculture and conservation biology, with a political and social analysis as well as historical perspective, the book continues to set a progressive agenda and appeals to a wide range of students and professionals.

Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation

Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation Book
Author : Maren Oelbermann
Publisher : Wageningen Academic Publishers
Release : 2014-04-08
ISBN : 9086862357
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the challenges under current land management practices is to increase food and soil security to meet projected trends in food production, while maintaining the resilience to climate change. This book provides a forum for researchers to access the most recent developments in enhancing carbon sinks and minimizing greenhouse gas emissions. It suggests that policies and practices integrating microbial technology, modern crop cultivars, conservation practices, increased manure application, organic farming and agroforestry have a greater capacity to sequester carbon and reduce carbon-based greenhouse gases, leading to more robust agroecosystems compared to conventional agriculture. It is argued that empirical models can represent powerful tools for assessing how mitigation and adaptation strategies can be used to optimize crop yield and minimize greenhouse gas emissions under future climate change scenarios. 'Sustainable agroecosystems in climate change mitigation' bridges our current knowledge gaps and recognizes the contribution of sustainable agricultural practices as a way forward in reducing the global carbon and nitrogen footprint. It is relevant for students, researchers, governmental and non-governmental organisations interested in climate change mitigation, sustainable agriculture, soil science, modern analytical techniques and modelling. It answers the questions: 'How can sustainable agroecosystems help mitigate climate change?' and 'What are the tools to achieve this goal?'

Water for Food in a Changing World

Water for Food in a Changing World Book
Author : Alberto Garrido,Helen Ingram
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2011-04-12
ISBN : 1136808159
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There is not enough water globally for all the things humans need and want water to do for us. Water supply bubbles are bursting in China, the Middle East and India with potentially serious implications for the global economy and for political stability. Even the United States is depleting groundwater on average 25% faster than it is being replenished. Our thirst for water grows with our population, but the amount of fresh water available on Earth is fixed. If we assume "business as usual" by 2050 about 40% of the projected global population of 9.4 billion is expected to be facing water stress or scarcity. With increasing climate variability being predicted by global climate models, we are likely also to have more people without adequate water more of the time, even in water-rich regions. Irrigation productivity rose dramatically over the past 40 years as a result of the Green Revolution. However, even if we disregard the environmental impacts caused by that revolution, we are no nearer to achieving global food security than we were 40 years ago, as every time we come close to filling the food production gap population growth and ecosystem decline associated with water diversions to human purposes set us back. Our natural and agricultural ecosystems are trying to tell us something. This book pursues these overarching themes connecting to water and food production at global and regional scales. The collection offers a comprehensive discussion of all relevant issues, and offers a wide-ranging discussion with the aim of contributing to the global debate about water and food crises.

Agroforestry

Agroforestry Book
Author : Jagdish Chander Dagar,Vindhya Prasad Tewari
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-06
ISBN : 9811076502
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Agroforestry (AF) is a dynamic, ecologically based, natural resources management system that, by integrating trees on farms, ranches, and in other landscapes, diversifies and increases production and promotes social, economic, and environmental benefits for land users. Further, it is receiving increasing attention as a sustainable land-management option worldwide because of its ecological, economic, and social attributes. Advances have been achieved by building on past research accomplishments and expanding AF’s stakeholder base, which now includes private/public partnerships, communities, ecologists, farmers, indigenous peoples, and policymakers in both temperate and tropical countries. AF has now been recognized as a valuable problem-solving approach to ensuring food security and rebuilding resilient rural environments. Recent studies have shown that more than 1 billion hectares of agricultural land have more than 10% tree cover. Of this area, 160 million hectares have more than 50% tree cover. Agricultural ecosystems can be further improved through AF to achieve environmental restoration, greater farm productivity, and key ecological services, including climate change mitigation and adaptation for improved rural livelihood. In fact, it is largely considered synonymous with climate smart agriculture and a remedy for many modern environmental challenges. Consequently, AF’s knowledge base is being expanded at a rapid rate, as illustrated by the increasing number and quality of scientific publications on various forms and different aspects of AF. This book offers state-of-the-art information on the fundamental concepts and history of AF and its evolution as a science, presenting a wealth of advanced research results and evaluations relating to different aspects of AF. Accordingly, it will be useful for a broad readership, including students, foresters, farmers, local communities, indigenous peoples, civil society institutions, media, policymakers and the general public.

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change

Agricultural Adaptation to Climate Change Book
Author : Christopher R. Bryant,Mamadou A. Sarr,Kénel Délusca
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-08-26
ISBN : 3319313924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book deals with one of the major challenges facing human society and its governments, climate change and variability. The principal objective of the book is to explore how agricultural production through the actions primarily of farmers, including peasant farmers, adapt to these changing circumstances, what the limitations of adaptation are, how the process of adaptation varies between different territories (e.g. developed countries versus developing countries), and what are or can be the most effective roles for actors other than the farmers, including different levels of government and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) such as professional associations of farmers and community organizations. The principal argument is threefold: 1) while there are significant differences between territories and countries in terms of the capacity of farmers (and the other actors) to engage in capacity building to be able to adapt effectively to climate change and variability, 2) the critical roles are those played out by the farmers themselves, but that 3) other actors can play an important role in accompanying farmers in their adaptation process, providing relevant and strategic information, counseling them and facilitating networking and meetings when appropriate. This effectively means that without engaging in the local adaptation processes governments can really only play effective roles by working with other actors at the local and regional levels. When it occurs, it can be very effective, but when it does not, farmers are left to their own devices (and even then, many are able to use their own creativity and local knowledge to survive and continue to develop). Essentially therefore, the secondary argument that is followed throughout the book is that adaptation is essentially a social process that requires an understanding of social processes and dynamics in each farming community and territory. It involves an understanding, for instance, of information diffusion processes in the different farming communities and territories, which provides a set of tools to promote and facilitate the adoption process in the context of adaptation to climate change and variability.