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Climate And Land Use Impacts On Natural And Artificial Systems

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Climate and Land Use Impacts on Natural and Artificial Systems

Climate and Land Use Impacts on Natural and Artificial Systems Book
Author : Margarit Mircea Nistor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 012823265X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate and Land Use Impacts on Natural and Artificial Systems: Mitigation and Adaptation provides in-depth information on the linkages between climate change and land use, how they are related, how land use is shifting over time, and the major global regions at risk for climate and land use changes. This comprehensive resource discusses climatic factors and processes that impact natural and artificial systems, as well as the relationship between climate change and both natural and man-made hazards. The book includes case studies and original maps to provide real-life examples of climate change and land use over regions around the globe. In addition, the book presents future perspectives on mitigation and adaptation of the climate change impact. Summarizes current research on land use and climate change Provides future perspectives on climate change using climate models Includes case studies to provide real-life examples from various countries Incorporates high level graphics, images, and maps to support reviews and case studies

Impacts of Anthropogenic Activities on Watersheds in a Changing Climate

Impacts of Anthropogenic Activities on Watersheds in a Changing Climate Book
Author : Luís Filipe Sanches Fernandes,Fernando António Leal Pacheco
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-04-14
ISBN : 3036502661
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The immediate goal of this Special Issue was the characterization of land uses and occupations (LULC) in watersheds and the assessment of impacts caused by anthropogenic activities. The goal was immediate because the ultimate purpose was to help bring disturbed watersheds to a better condition or a utopian sustainable status. The steps followed to attain this objective included publishing studies on the understanding of factors and variables that control hydrology and water quality changes in response to human activities. Following this first step, the Special Issue selected work that described adaption measures capable of improving the watershed condition (water availability and quality), namely LULC conversions (e.g., monocultures into agro-forestry systems). Concerning the LULC measures, however, efficacy was questioned unless supported by public programs that force consumers to participate in concomitant costs, because conversions may be viewed as an environmental service.

Land Use Impacts on Climate

Land Use Impacts on Climate Book
Author : Xiangzheng Deng,Burak Güneralp,Jinyan Zhan,Hongbo Su
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-06-11
ISBN : 3642548768
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book introduces a key issue in research on the climatic impact of land cover and land use changes via terrestrial biogeophysical processes. The parameterization of surface processes and a systematic approach to modeling the climatic impacts of land use change are discussed respectively, and can be used to improve parameterization schemes for climate numerical models and to provide a systematic method, thus offering more scientific and enhanced support for research on the climatic effects of land use/cover change. Further, based on predictions and scenario analyses of land use changes in typical zones, the climatic impact of various types of changes in different areas can be simulated through climatic numerical modeling, the simulation results are suitable for use in climate mitigation, land use planning, urban development planning, etc. Thus, the book is intended for researchers and professionals working in the area of meteorology systems, climatic numerical modeling, climate change, and land use/cover change, as well as decision makers in meteorology and land use planning. Professor Xiangzheng Deng is a senior research fellow at the Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences.

Sustainable Land Management in Greater Central Asia

Sustainable Land Management in Greater Central Asia Book
Author : Victor R. Squires,Lu Qi
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-22
ISBN : 1317394054
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Greater Central Asia encompasses a vast area that includes deserts, natural grasslands, steppes, shrublands and alpine regions. Many of these land types are degraded and productivity is falling at a time when human populations and livestock inventories are on the rise. Ecosystem stability and biodiversity are under threat and there is an urgent need to develop more sustainable land management regimes. This book uses an integrated regional approach to provide a comprehensive exploration of sustainable land development in Central Asia. An interdisciplinary team of experts analyses the economic, ecological, sociological, technological and political factors surrounding sustainable land and water management in the region, sharing potential problems and solutions. As international concern about desertification grows, the book concludes by asking how the region is likely to develop in the future. This book will be of value to scholars, students, policy makers and NGOs with an interest in sustainable development in Central Asia.

Sustainable Micro Irrigation

Sustainable Micro Irrigation Book
Author : Megh R. Goyal
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-14
ISBN : 1482246244
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book, Principles and Practices of Sustainable Micro Irrigation, is the first in the new series on micro irrigation, which offers a vast amount of knowledge and techniques necessary to develop and manage a drip/trickle or micro irrigation system. Written by experienced scientists from various parts of the world, the chapters in this book offer basic principles, knowledge, and techniques of micro irrigation management, which are essential in designing, developing, and evaluating an agricultural irrigation management system. The methods and techniques have worldwide applicability to irrigation management in agriculture. The book includes coverage of many important topics in the field, including: • An historical review of micro irrigation • The current global status of the field and its potential • Basic principles and applications • New research on chemigation and fertigation • Technologies for specific crops, such as sugar cane • Irrigation software for micro irrigation design • Affordable and low-cost micro irrigation solutions for small farms and farms in developing countries • Micro irrigation design using Hydrocalc software This book is a must for those interested in irrigation planning and management, namely, researchers, scientists, educators, and students.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change Book
Author : John A Matthews
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2013-12-13
ISBN : 1446264882
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

Urban Expansion Land Cover and Soil Ecosystem Services

Urban Expansion  Land Cover and Soil Ecosystem Services Book
Author : Ciro Gardi
Publisher : Taylor & Francis
Release : 2017-04-07
ISBN : 1317504712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

More than half of the world population now lives in cities, and urban expansion continues as rural people move to cities. This results in the loss of land for other purposes, particularly soil for agriculture and drainage. This book presents a review of current knowledge of the extension and projected expansion of urban areas at a global scale. Focusing on the impact of the process of 'land take' on soil resources and the ecosystem services that they provide, it describes approaches and methodologies for detecting and measuring urban areas, based mainly on remote sensing, together with a review of models and projected data on urban expansion. The most innovative aspect includes an analysis of the drivers and especially the impacts of soil sealing and land take on ecosystem services, including agriculture and food security, biodiversity, hydrology, climate and landscape. Case studies of cities from Europe, China and Latin America are included. The aim is not only to present and analyse this important environmental challenge, but also to propose and discuss solutions for the limitation, mitigation and compensation of this process.

Interior Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015

Interior  Environment  and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015 Book
Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Interior Environment and Related Agencies Appropriations for 2015 book written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Appropriations. Subcommittee on Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Environment

The Environment Book
Author : Chris C. Park
Publisher : Psychology Press
Release : 2001
ISBN : 9780415217712
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This second edition provides an account of modern environmental issues and the physical and socio-economic framework in which they are set. It explains the principles and applications of the different parts of the Earth's system : the lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere, and explains the interrelationships within and between these systems. It explores the present environmental crisis, examines how the planet Earth fits in the wider universe and explores human-environment interactions. (Midwest).

Sustainable Built Environment and Urban Growth Management

Sustainable Built Environment and Urban Growth Management Book
Author : Wann-Ming Wey
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-02-21
ISBN : 3039281860
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nowadays, the sustainable built environment planning in most cities has come to a turning point as the growth in traffic and population has become a serious concern and put tremendous pressure on both the environment and people in these cities. It is therefore important to find new ways or lifestyles—such as compact city, transit-oriented development (TOD) formulations—that are more flexible, inclusive, and sustainable. Furthermore, for the sustainable built environment and urban growth management, not only should the growth management principles—which include smart growth, sustainable growth, and inclusive growth—be taken into account but innovative/smart planning strategies—such as mixed use design, green transport, and new urbanism—are also utilized in planning sustainable built environments in order to prevent the urban sprawl development that has occurred.

Land Use Planning for Sustainable Development Second Edition

Land Use Planning for Sustainable Development  Second Edition Book
Author : Jane Silberstein, M.A.,Chris Maser
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-10-25
ISBN : 1466581182
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thirteen years ago, the first edition of Land-Use Planning for Sustainable Development examined the question: is the environmental doomsday scenario inevitable? It then presented the underlying concepts of sustainable land-use planning and an array of alternatives for modifying conventional planning for and regulation of the development of land. This second edition captures current success stories, showcasing creative, resilient strategies for fundamentally changing the way we alter our landscape. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Explains the relationship between innovative land-use planning and nature’s impartial, inviolate biophysical principles that govern the outcome of all planning Focuses on how decision making that flows from and aligns with nature’s biophysical principles benefits all generations by consciously protecting and maintaining social-environmental sustainability Proposes an alternative framework for municipal comprehensive plans framing the community as a living system Written by two experienced professionals in sustainable development planning, the second edition revisits the successes as well as barriers to progress associated with establishing new community development models, such as EcoMunicipalities. The authors emphasize the necessity and potency of citizen involvement and initiatives. They provide proposals for alternative approaches that rest on lessons from history as well as the research, wisdom, and vision of many individuals and communities whose work they have studied. The book supplies a sturdy platform on which to continually build and innovate progress in sustainable land use planning.

Instructor s Manual to Chris Park s The Environment

Instructor s Manual to Chris Park s The Environment Book
Author : Greg Lewis
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2012-11-12
ISBN : 1134706766
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The very survival of the planet is at risk: human misuse of natural resources and disturbance of natural environmental systems is pushing the Earth to the limits of its capacity. The Environment is a lively, comprehensive introduction for environmental study, explaining how the environment functions, how environmental systems relate, and the ways in which people and environment interact. Focussing particularly on the environmental impacts of human activities, the book explains the ways in which an understanding of basic physical principles can help us to use the environment and its resources. Three particular approaches are adopted throughout: * a systems approach - highlighting the interactions and interrelationships between the environment's diverse parts * an interdisciplinary perspective - stepping back from individual subject focus to examine the complex breadth of the environment's diversity * a global perspective - incorporating stimulating examples drawn from around the world to illustrate broad global patterns and contrasts. The Environment explains the principles and applications of the different parts of the Earth's system: the lithosphere, the atmosphere, the hydrosphere, and explains the interrelationship across these systems. It explores the present environmental crisis, examines how the planet Earth fits into the wider universe, and explores human-environment interactions, to offer a clear understanding of the diverse and complex environment we live in and new ways of thinking about the way it is changing. Specific features include: * Lively, stimulating and accessible text * Superb illustrations: 4-colour plate sections * Case studies drawn from around the world, boxed within the text * Chapter summaries * Annotated further reading lists A Lecturer's Manual is available to accompany the text

Encyclopedia of Natural Resources Water and Air Vol II

Encyclopedia of Natural Resources   Water and Air   Vol II Book
Author : Yeqiao Wang
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-07-23
ISBN : 1000031683
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With unprecedented attention on global change, the current debate revolves around the availability and sustainability of natural resources and how to achieve equilibrium between what society demands from natural environments and what the natural resource base can provide. A full understanding of the range of issues, from the consequences of the changing resource bases to the degradation of ecological integrity and the sustainability of life, is crucial to the process of developing solutions to this complex challenge. Authored by world-class scientists and scholars, The Encyclopedia of Natural Resources provides an authoritative reference on a broad spectrum of topics such as the forcing factors and habitats of life; their histories, current status, and future trends; and their societal connections, economic values, and management. The content presents state-of-the-art science and technology development and perspectives of resource management. Written and designed with a broad audience in mind, the entries clearly elucidate the issues for readers at all levels. In Volume II, Water includes 59 entries and Air includes 31 entries. The Water entries cover topical areas such as fresh water, groundwater, water quality and watersheds, ice and snow, coastal environments, and marine resources and economics. The Air entries cover air pollutants, atmospheric oscillation, circulation patterns and atmospheric water storage, as well as agroclimatology, climate change, and extreme events. Additional topics in meteorology include acid rain, drought, ozone depletion, water storage, and more. Natural resources represent such a broad scope of complex and challenging topics that a reference book must cover a vast number of subjects in order to be titled an encyclopedia. The Encyclopedia of Natural Resources does just that. The topics covered help readers face current and future issues in the maintenance of clean air and water as well as the preservation of land resources and native biodiversity. Also Available Online This Taylor & Francis encyclopedia is also available through online subscription, offering a variety of extra benefits for researchers, students, and librarians, including: Citation tracking and alerts Active reference linking Saved searches and marked lists HTML and PDF format options Contact Taylor and Francis for more information or to inquire about subscription options and print/online combination packages. US: (Tel) 1.888.318.2367; (E-mail) [email protected] International: (Tel) +44 (0) 20 7017 6062; (E-mail) [email protected]

Multi agent System for Simulation of Land use and Land Cover Change

Multi agent System for Simulation of Land use and Land Cover Change Book
Author : Bao-Le Quang
Publisher : Cuvillier Verlag
Release : 2005
ISBN : 3865376274
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Multi agent System for Simulation of Land use and Land Cover Change book written by Bao-Le Quang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Climate Change 2001 Impacts Adaptation and Vulnerability

Climate Change 2001  Impacts  Adaptation  and Vulnerability Book
Author : Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group II.,Groupe d'experts intergouvernemental sur l'évolution du climat,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change,Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Working Group Science
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2001-07-02
ISBN : 9780521015004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Some issues addressed in this Working Group III volume are mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions, managing biological carbon reservoirs, geo-engineering, costing methods, and decision-making frameworks.

Agents and Artificial Intelligence

Agents and Artificial Intelligence Book
Author : Joaquim Filipe,Ana Fred
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-30
ISBN : 3662444402
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-conference proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Agents and Artificial Intelligence, ICAART 2013, held in Barcelona, Spain, in February 2013. The 20 revised full papers presented together with one invited paper were carefully reviewed and selected from 269 submissions. The papers are organized in two topical sections on artificial intelligence and on agents.

Vegetation Water Humans and the Climate

Vegetation  Water  Humans and the Climate Book
Author : Pavel Kabat,Martin Claussen,Paul A. Dirmeyer,John H.C. Gash,Lelys Bravo de Guenni,Michel Meybeck,Roger Pielke,Charles J. Vörösmarty,Ronald W.A. Hutjes,Sabine Lütkemeier
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642189482
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A state-of-the-art overview of the influence of terrestrial vegetation and soils within the Earth system. The text deals especially with interactions between the terrestrial biosphere and the atmosphere via the hydrological cycle and their interlinkage with anthropogenic activities. Measurements gathered in integrated field experiments in the Sahel, the Amazon, North America and South-east Asia confirm the importance of these interactions. Observations are complemented by modelling studies, including regional models that simulate flows and transport in river catchments, coupled land-cover and regional climate systems, and Earth-system and global circulation models. Water, nutrient and sediment fluxes in river basins are also discussed and are shown to be highly impacted and regulated by humans through land use, pollution and river engineering. Finally, the book discusses environmental vulnerability and methodologies for assessing the risks associated with regional and global climatic and environmental variability and change. The results reported in this book are based on the research work of many individual scientists and teams around the world associated with the objectives of the IGBP-BAHC and WCRP-GEWEX international research programmes.

The New Emergencies

The New Emergencies Book
Author : M Dardo,K Goebel
Publisher : World Scientific
Release : 1992-08-29
ISBN : 9814553859
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This series started in 1981 with the Erice Seminars when the danger of a nuclear East-West confrontation was menacing the world. The volumes reproduce the crucial steps, from the Nuclear Winter to the Strategic Defense Initiative. After the collapse of the U.S.S.R., new emergencies are now to be faced such as the danger of proliferation of Weapons for Mass Destruction (WMD), the North-South confrontation on ecological problems and the new deal for Science and Technology to help developing countries in their struggle for a better standard of life. The Erice Seminars have attracted the attention of world leaders in Science, Technology and Culture. Contents:World Lab (A Zichichi & E P Velikhov)Ozone Depletion (D-Z Ye)Acid Rain and Ecological Catastrophes (S E Schwartz, Q-C Zeng, N Moiseyev & N Sheremetyevsky)Nuclear Reactor Safety (C-G Lin & Z-Q Pan)Start Missiles (T O Morgan, A M Florini & W C Potter & Y-S Zhou et al.)Panel Discussion (A Zichichi)MHD (L-G Yan, M S Zhdanov, E P Velikhov et al., W D Jackson & D F Miller)Greenhouse Effects and Deforestation (M C MacCracken, M I Budyko, C-B Fu, V M Canuto & G L Stenchikov)Destruction of Chemical Weapons (N A Platé, W A Barletta & R Ragaini)The ILSEAT Project (A Zichichi, E P Velikhov, W A Barletta & T D Lee) keywords:

Green Technologies Concepts Methodologies Tools and Applications

Green Technologies  Concepts  Methodologies  Tools and Applications Book
Author : Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2011-03-31
ISBN : 1609604733
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Technologies: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications assembles the most up-to-date collection of research results and recent discoveries in environmental and green technology. This comprehensive anthology covers a wide range of topics, i

Draft Environmental Impact Statement

Draft Environmental Impact Statement Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1980
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Draft Environmental Impact Statement book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.