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Climate Adaptation Engineering

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Climate Adaptation Engineering

Climate Adaptation Engineering Book
Author : Emilio Bastidas-Arteaga,Mark G. Stewart
Publisher : Butterworth-Heinemann
Release : 2019-03-16
ISBN : 0128168404
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Climate Adaptation Engineering defines the measures taken to reduce vulnerability and increase the resiliency of built infrastructure. This includes enhancement of design standards, structural strengthening, utilisation of new materials, and changes to inspection and maintenance regimes, etc. The book examines the known effects and relationships of climate change variables on infrastructure and risk-management policies. Rich with case studies, this resource will enable engineers to develop a long-term, self-sustained assessment capacity and more effective risk-management strategies. The book's authors also take a long-term view, dealing with several aspects of climate change. The text has been written in a style accessible to technical and non-technical readers with a focus on practical decision outcomes. Provides climate scenarios and their likelihoods, hazard modelling (wind, flood, heatwaves, etc.), infrastructure vulnerability, resilience or exposure (likelihood and extent of damage) Introduces the key concepts needed to assess the risks, costs and benefits of future proofing infrastructures in a changing climate Includes case studies authored by experts from around the world

Risk Evaluation And Climate Change Adaptation Of Civil Engineering Infrastructures And Buildings

Risk Evaluation And Climate Change Adaptation Of Civil Engineering Infrastructures And Buildings Book
Author : Panagiotis Kotronis
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-05
ISBN : 1786304864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book brings together a selection of the scientific results of the RI ADAPTCLIM project (International Network on Risk Assessment and Climatic Adaptation of Civil Engineering and Buildings Works). Funded by the Pays de la Loire region in France as part of the 2014 Stratégie Internationale call for projects, research teams from the scientific group LiRGeC (ECN, UN, IFSTTAR, CSTB) and several international partners contributed their human, experimental and digital resources. RI-ADAPTCLIM was established to study the short- and medium term effects of climatic conditions on buildings, infrastructures and the ground. Following an integrated, interdisciplinary and multi-physics approach, the researchers proposed decision support tools that would increase the resilience of structures and buildings against the impact of hazards due to climate change.

Climate Resilient Infrastructure

Climate Resilient Infrastructure Book
Author : Committee on Adaptation to a Changing Climate
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 9781523125821
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Prepared by the Committee on Adaptation to a Changing Climate of ASCE Civil infrastructure systems traditionally have been designed for appropriate functionality, durability, and safety for climate and weather extremes during their full-service lives; however, climate scientists inform us that the extremes of climate and weather have altered from historical values in ways difficult to predict or project. Climate-Resilient Infrastructure: Adaptive Design and Risk Management, MOP 140, provides guidance for and contributes to the developing or enhancing of methods for infrastructure analysis and design in a world in which risk profiles are changing and can be projected with varying degrees of uncertainty requiring a new design philosophy to meet this challenge. The underlying approaches in this manual of practice (MOP) are based on probabilistic methods for quantitative risk analysis, and the design framework provided focuses on identifying and analyzing low-regret, adaptive strategies to make a project more resilient. Beginning with an overview of the driving forces and hazards associated with a changing climate, subsequent chapters in MOP 140 provide observational methods, illustrative examples, and case studies; estimation of extreme events particularly related to precipitation with guidance on monitoring and measuring methods; flood design criteria and the development of project design flood elevations; computational methods of determining flood loads; adaptive design and adaptive risk management in the context of life-cycle engineering and economics; and climate resilience technologies. MOP 140 will be of interest to engineers, researchers, planners, and other stakeholders charged with adaptive design decisions to achieve infrastructure resilience targets while minimizing life-cycle costs in a changing climate

A Case for Climate Engineering

A Case for Climate Engineering Book
Author : David Keith
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2013-09-20
ISBN : 0262019825
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A leading scientist argues that we must consider deploying climate engineering technology to slow the pace of global warming. Climate engineering—which could slow the pace of global warming by injecting reflective particles into the upper atmosphere—has emerged in recent years as an extremely controversial technology. And for good reason: it carries unknown risks and it may undermine commitments to conserving energy. Some critics also view it as an immoral human breach of the natural world. The latter objection, David Keith argues in A Scientist's Case for Climate Engineering, is groundless; we have been using technology to alter our environment for years. But he agrees that there are large issues at stake. A leading scientist long concerned about climate change, Keith offers no naïve proposal for an easy fix to what is perhaps the most challenging question of our time; climate engineering is no silver bullet. But he argues that after decades during which very little progress has been made in reducing carbon emissions we must put this technology on the table and consider it responsibly. That doesn't mean we will deploy it, and it doesn't mean that we can abandon efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. But we must understand fully what research needs to be done and how the technology might be designed and used. This book provides a clear and accessible overview of what the costs and risks might be, and how climate engineering might fit into a larger program for managing climate change.

Resilience

Resilience Book
Author : Zinta Zommers,Keith Alverson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-05-09
ISBN : 012811892X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Resilience: The Science of Adaptation to Climate Change leading experts analyze and question ongoing adaptation interventions. Contributions span different disciplinary perspectives, from law to engineering, and cover different regions from Africa to the Pacific. Chapters assess the need for adaptation, highlighting climate change impacts such as sea level rise, increases in temperature, changing hydrological variability, and threats to food security. The book then discusses the state of global legislation and means of tracking progress. It reviews ways to build resilience in a range of contexts— from the Arctic, to small island states, to urban areas, across food and energy systems. Critical tools for adaptation planning are highlighted - from social capital and ethics, to decision support systems, to innovative finance and risk transfer mechanisms. Controversies related to geoengineering and migration are also discussed. This book is an indispensable resource for scientists, practitioners, and policy makers working in climate change adaptation, sustainable development, ecosystem management, and urban planning. Provides a summary of tools and methods used in adaptation including recent innovations Includes chapters from a diverse range of authors from academic institutions, humanitarian organizations, and the United Nations Evaluates adaptation options, highlighting gaps in knowledge where further research or new tools are needed

Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change Adaptation Strategies

Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change Adaptation Strategies Book
Author : Ganpat, Wayne,Isaac, Wendy-Ann
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2016-10-25
ISBN : 1522516085
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The existence of the human race has created inevitable effects on our surrounding environment. To prevent further harm to the world’s ecosystems, it becomes imperative to assess mankind’s impact on and create sustainability initiatives to maintain the world’s ecosystems. Environmental Sustainability and Climate Change Adaptation Strategies is a pivotal reference source for the latest scholarly material on the scientific, technical, and socio-economic factors related to climate change assessment. Providing a comprehensive overview of perspectives on sustainability protection of environmental resources, this book is ideally designed for policy makers, professionals, government officials, upper-level students, and academics interested in emerging research on climate change.

Engineering Vulnerability

Engineering Vulnerability Book
Author : Sarah E. Vaughn
Publisher : Duke University Press
Release : 2022-03-25
ISBN : 1478022728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In Engineering Vulnerability Sarah E. Vaughn examines climate adaptation against the backdrop of ongoing processes of settler colonialism and the global climate change initiatives that seek to intervene in the lives of the world’s most vulnerable. Her case study is Guyana in the aftermath of the 2005 catastrophic flooding that ravaged the country’s Atlantic coastal plain. The country’s ensuing engineering projects reveal the contingencies of climate adaptation and the capacity of flooding to shape Guyanese expectations about racial (in)equality. Analyzing the coproduction of race and vulnerability, Vaughn details why climate adaptation has implications for how we understand the past and the continued human settlement of a place. Such understandings become particularly apparent not only through experts’ and ordinary citizens’ disputes over resources but in their attention to the ethical practice of technoscience over time. Approaching climate adaptation this way, Vaughn exposes the generative openings as well as gaps in racial thinking for theorizing climate action, environmental justice, and, more broadly, future life on a warming planet. Duke University Press Scholars of Color First Book Award recipient

Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century

Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century Book
Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine,National Academy of Engineering,Division on Engineering and Physical Sciences,Division on Earth and Life Studies,Water Science and Technology Board,Ocean Studies Board,NAE Office of Programs,Board on Life Sciences,Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology,Board on Earth Sciences and Resources,Board on Energy and Environmental Systems,Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology,Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate,Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources,Committee on the Grand Challenges and Opportunites in Environmental Engineering for the Twenty-First Century
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2019-04-08
ISBN : 0309476526
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Environmental engineers support the well-being of people and the planet in areas where the two intersect. Over the decades the field has improved countless lives through innovative systems for delivering water, treating waste, and preventing and remediating pollution in air, water, and soil. These achievements are a testament to the multidisciplinary, pragmatic, systems-oriented approach that characterizes environmental engineering. Environmental Engineering for the 21st Century: Addressing Grand Challenges outlines the crucial role for environmental engineers in this period of dramatic growth and change. The report identifies five pressing challenges of the 21st century that environmental engineers are uniquely poised to help advance: sustainably supply food, water, and energy; curb climate change and adapt to its impacts; design a future without pollution and waste; create efficient, healthy, resilient cities; and foster informed decisions and actions.

Large Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences

Large Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences Book
Author : Ashok N. Srivastava,Ramakrishna Nemani,Karsten Steinhaeuser
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-01
ISBN : 1498703887
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

From the Foreword: "While large-scale machine learning and data mining have greatly impacted a range of commercial applications, their use in the field of Earth sciences is still in the early stages. This book, edited by Ashok Srivastava, Ramakrishna Nemani, and Karsten Steinhaeuser, serves as an outstanding resource for anyone interested in the opportunities and challenges for the machine learning community in analyzing these data sets to answer questions of urgent societal interest...I hope that this book will inspire more computer scientists to focus on environmental applications, and Earth scientists to seek collaborations with researchers in machine learning and data mining to advance the frontiers in Earth sciences." --Vipin Kumar, University of Minnesota Large-Scale Machine Learning in the Earth Sciences provides researchers and practitioners with a broad overview of some of the key challenges in the intersection of Earth science, computer science, statistics, and related fields. It explores a wide range of topics and provides a compilation of recent research in the application of machine learning in the field of Earth Science. Making predictions based on observational data is a theme of the book, and the book includes chapters on the use of network science to understand and discover teleconnections in extreme climate and weather events, as well as using structured estimation in high dimensions. The use of ensemble machine learning models to combine predictions of global climate models using information from spatial and temporal patterns is also explored. The second part of the book features a discussion on statistical downscaling in climate with state-of-the-art scalable machine learning, as well as an overview of methods to understand and predict the proliferation of biological species due to changes in environmental conditions. The problem of using large-scale machine learning to study the formation of tornadoes is also explored in depth. The last part of the book covers the use of deep learning algorithms to classify images that have very high resolution, as well as the unmixing of spectral signals in remote sensing images of land cover. The authors also apply long-tail distributions to geoscience resources, in the final chapter of the book.

Innovation Communication and Engineering

Innovation  Communication and Engineering Book
Author : Teen-Hang Meen,Stephen Prior,Artde Donald Kin-Tak Lam
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-10-08
ISBN : 1138001201
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume represents the proceedings of the 2013 International Conference on Innovation, Communication and Engineering (ICICE 2013). This conference was organized by the China University of Petroleum (Huadong/East China) and the Taiwanese Institute of Knowledge Innovation, and was held in Qingdao, Shandong, P.R. China, October 26 - November 1, 2013. The conference received 653 submitted papers from 10 countries, of which 214 papers were selected by the committees to be presented at ICICE 2013. The conference provided a unified communication platform for researchers in a wide range of fields from information technology, communication science, and applied mathematics, to computer science, advanced material science, design and engineering. This volume enables interdisciplinary collaboration between science and engineering technologists in academia and industry as well as networking internationally. Consists of a book of abstracts (260 pp.) and a USB flash card with full papers (912 pp.).

Climate Engineering and the Law

Climate Engineering and the Law Book
Author : Michael B. Gerrard,Tracy Hester
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2018-03-31
ISBN : 1107157277
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The first book to focus on the legal aspects of climate engineering, making recommendations for future laws and governance.

Airport Climate Adaptation and Resilience

Airport Climate Adaptation and Resilience Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Transportation Research Board
Release : 2012
ISBN : 0309223636
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews the range of risks to airports from projected climate change and the emerging approaches for handling them.

Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal Cities

Climate Change Adaptation in Coastal Cities Book
Author : David C. Major,Sirkku Juhola
Publisher : Helsinki University Press
Release : 2021-06-07
ISBN : 9523690256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This guidebook presents a framework for climate adaptation planning for coastal cities, large and small, focused on the central roles of citizens, public officials, and planners. The book is designed to help all stakeholders in coastal cities understand and develop effective adaptation measures in a sustainable way. Within a framework of eight key planning steps, guidance is provided for stakeholders in the adaptation process from initial assessments of climate impacts to final planning. The work sets out general principles and methods of adaptation to climate change for many types of coastal communities. Adaptation is seen throughout the work as a process that should take into account all coastal assets, including economic, environmental, social, cultural and historical assets, with due attention to disadvantaged communities. Among the adaptation elements covered in the book are: a review of the current climate situation; climate impacts and vulnerabilities; climate models and future scenarios; physical, economic, social and other characteristics of coastal cities and towns; the range of available adaptations, including management, infrastructure, and policy adaptations; evaluation of projects and programs; and working together to develop and finance adaptations. Numerous tables are presented to help organize information and guide planning, and examples of adaptation challenges and opportunities are provided from both developed and developing coastal cities and towns. The volume is copiously illustrated, with extensive up-to-date references to provide the reader with additional sources of information.

Climate Change Modeling Mitigation and Adaptation

Climate Change Modeling  Mitigation  and Adaptation Book
Author : Rao Y. Surampalli
Publisher : Amer Society of Civil Engineers
Release : 2013
ISBN : 9780784412718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This title contains 25 invited chapters that present the most current thinking on the environmental mechanisms contributing to global climate change and explore scientifically grounded steps to reduce the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.

Infrastructure Engineering and Climate Change Adaptation

Infrastructure  Engineering and Climate Change Adaptation Book
Author : Royal Academy of Engineering (Great Britain),Engineering the Future (Organization)
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781903496619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Infrastructure Engineering and Climate Change Adaptation book written by Royal Academy of Engineering (Great Britain),Engineering the Future (Organization), available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Multi hazard Approaches to Civil Infrastructure Engineering

Multi hazard Approaches to Civil Infrastructure Engineering Book
Author : Paolo Gardoni,James M. LaFave
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-06-22
ISBN : 3319297139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This collection focuses on the development of novel approaches to address one of the most pressing challenges of civil engineering, namely the mitigation of natural hazards. Numerous engineering books to date have focused on, and illustrate considerable progress toward, mitigation of individual hazards (earthquakes, wind, and so forth.). The current volume addresses concerns related to overall safety, sustainability and resilience of the built environment when subject to multiple hazards: natural disaster events that are concurrent and either correlated (e.g., wind and surge); uncorrelated (e.g., earthquake and flood); cascading (e.g., fire following earthquake); or uncorrelated and occurring at different times (e.g., wind and earthquake). The authors examine a range of specific topics including methodologies for vulnerability assessment of structures, new techniques to reduce the system demands through control systems; instrumentation, monitoring and condition assessment of structures and foundations; new techniques for repairing structures that have suffered damage during past events, or for structures that have been found in need of strengthening; development of new design provisions that consider multiple hazards, as well as questions from law and the humanities relevant to the management of natural and human-made hazards.

Engineering Response to Climate Change Second Edition

Engineering Response to Climate Change  Second Edition Book
Author : Robert G. Watts
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-03-22
ISBN : 1439888469
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A clear, concise discussion of today’s hottest topics in climate change, including adapting to climate change and geo-engineering to mitigate the effects of change, Engineering Response to Climate Change, Second Edition takes on the tough questions of what to do and offers real solutions to the practical problems caused by radical changes in the Earth’s climate. From energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions reduction, to climate-altering technologies, this new edition explores the latest concerns such as acidification of the ocean, energy efficiency, transportation, space solar power, and future and emerging possibilities. The editors set the stage by discussing the separate issues of the emissions of radiatively important atmospheric constituents, energy demand, energy supply, agriculture, water resources, coastal hazards, adaption strategies, and geo-engineering. They explain the difference between the natural and human drivers of climate change and describe how humans have influenced the global climate during past decades. Each chapter concludes with discussion questions, calculations, and possible research topics. See What’s in the Second Edition: New conceptual tools and research necessary for problems associated with fossil fuels Cutting-edge topics such as adaption and geo-engineering The latest concerns such as acidification of the ocean, energy efficiency, transportation, and space solar power Solutions to problems caused by changes in the Earth’s climate So much has changed in the 15 years since the publication of the first edition, that this is, in effect, a completely new book. However, the general theme is the same: the climate energy problem has become largely an engineering problem. With this in mind, the book explores what engineers can do to prevent, mitigate, or adapt to climate change.

Climate Change Adjustments for Detailed Engineering Design of Roads

Climate Change Adjustments for Detailed Engineering Design of Roads Book
Author : Asian Development Bank
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020
ISBN : 9789292622053
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This knowledge product explains the rationale and procedures for incorporating allowances for climate change in detailed engineering design, with a focus on credible adjustments to extreme rainfall and to mean and high-end sea-level rise. Highlighting worked examples drawn from Viet Nam's road transport sector and peer-reviewed research literature, it offers a point of departure for more sophisticated assessments of high-risk projects. It presents principles and approaches extendable to other design variables (extreme air temperature, evaporation, and wind speed) and transferable to other sectors, regions, and stages of the asset life cycle (from project concept to decommissioning). An accompanying step-by-step manual shows how each calculation is performed.

Nature Based Flood Risk Management on Private Land

Nature Based Flood Risk Management on Private Land Book
Author : Thomas Hartmann,Lenka Slavíková,Simon McCarthy
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-08-22
ISBN : 3030238423
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This open access book addresses the various disciplinary aspects of nature-based solutions in flood risk management on private land. In recent decades, water management has been moving towards nature-based solutions. These are assumed to be much more multi-purpose than traditional “grey infrastructures” and seem to be regarded as a panacea for many environmental issues. At the same time, such measures require more – and mostly privately owned – land and more diverse stakeholder involvement than traditional (grey) engineering approaches. They also present challenges related to different disciplines. Nature-based solutions for flood risk management not only require technical expertise, but also call for interdisciplinary insights from land-use planning, economics, property rights, sociology, landscape planning, ecology, hydrology, agriculture and other disciplines to address the challenges of implementing them. Ultimately, nature-based flood risk management is a multi-disciplinary endeavor. Featuring numerous case studies of nature-based flood risk management accompanied by commentaries, this book presents brief academic reflections from two different disciplinary perspectives that critically highlight which specific aspects are of significance, and as such, underscore the multi-disciplinary nature of the challenges faced.