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Clay Nanoparticles

Clay Nanoparticles Book
Author : Giuseppe Cavallaro,Rawil F. Fakhrullin,Pooria Pasbakhsh
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-02-15
ISBN : 012816784X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clay Nanoparticles: Properties and Applications sets out the major properties of clay nanoparticles and their technological applications. The first part of the book focuses on the characterization of nanoclays, including layered, fibrous and tubular clay minerals. The second part illustrates the current and potential applications of nanoclays within material science and biotechnology. These include the development of geopolymers and bionanocomposites based on sustainable polymers filled with ecocompatible nanoclay. The potential use of nanoclays as flame retardants is also discussed, along with the correlation between the properties and potential applications of several nanoclay types. In particular, the applications explored include nanoclays as drug delivery systems and for environmental protection. The book provides a complete and multidisciplinary exploration of nanoclays, highlighting a range of perspectives within current nanotechnology research. Assesses the advantages of using nanoclays instead of conventional clay materials in product design Describes the major characterization techniques – both experimental and computational – for nanoclays Explores new fabrication techniques based on pristine and modified clay nanoparticles that are being used both in materials science and biotechnology

Development of Clay Nanoparticles Toward Bio and Medical Applications

Development of Clay Nanoparticles Toward Bio and Medical Applications Book
Author : Seyyed Mojtaba Mousavi
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clay nanoparticles are among the most applicable and cost-affordable materials, all of which have a variety of applications in case of medical science. In this chapter, key characteristics of the clay nanoparticles along with their major groups, structure, morphology, and physicochemical properties were evaluated. Thereafter, the applications of clay nanoparticles in the field of nanocomposite, polymeric matrices, and medicine were investigated, while specimen production procedures were also reviewed. The main focus of this chapter is to investigate the applications of clay nanoparticles in bio- and medical science. In fact, organically modified clay nanoparticles (organoclays) are an attractive class of hybrid organic-inorganic nanomaterials with potential applications in case of polymer nanocomposites, rheological properties modification, and drug delivery carrier.

Nanotechnology in Nutraceuticals

Nanotechnology in Nutraceuticals Book
Author : Shampa Sen,Yashwant Pathak
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2016-10-14
ISBN : 1315353717
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

While nutraceuticals were verified to be expedient, they often lack stability, bioavailability, and permeability, and nano-nutraceuticals are being developed to afford a solution to the problem. Nanotechnology in Nutraceuticals: Production to Consumption delves into the promises and prospects of the application of nanotechnology to nutraceuticals, addressing concepts, techniques, and production methods. Nutraceuticals retain less stability, efficacy, and bioavailability when entering the human body. To overcome such problems, nanotechnology shows promise when applied as a tool to improve the quality and stability of nutraceuticals. This book discusses metallic nanoparticles and their applications in the food industry with specific application to nutraceuticals. It includes detailed discussion on potential functional properties of nutraceuticals with regard to antimicrobial activity, anti-inflammatory activity, and anti-cancer activity. Since nanoparticles can be toxic past a certain limit, implementing nanotechnology under thoughtful regulations is considered critical. The book addresses these issues with chapters covering the principles for the oversight of nanotechnologies and nanomaterials in nutraceuticals, the implications of regulatory requirements, the ethics and economics of nano-nutraceuticals, and consumer acceptance of nanotechnology based foods.

Fundamentals of Latex Film Formation

Fundamentals of Latex Film Formation Book
Author : Joseph Keddie,Alexander F. Routh
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-02-18
ISBN : 9789048128457
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book has emerged out of our long-time research interests on the topic of latex film formation. Over the years we have built up a repertoire of slides used in conference presentations, short courses and tutorials on the topic. The story presented in this book has thereby taken shape as it has been told and re-told to a mix of academic and industrial audiences. The book presents a wide body of work accumulated by the polymer colloids community over the past five decades, but the selection of examples has been flavoured by our particular experimental interests and development of mathematical models. We intend the book to be a starting point for academic and industrial scientists beginning research on latex film formation. The emphasis is on fundam- tal mechanisms, however, and not on applications nor on specific effects of formu- tions. We hope that the book consolidates the understanding that has been achieved to-date in the literature in a more comprehensive way than is possible in a review article. We trust that the reader will appreciate the fascination of the topic.

Clay Based Pharmaceutical Formulations and Drug Delivery Systems

Clay Based Pharmaceutical Formulations and Drug Delivery Systems Book
Author : César Viseras
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2021-01-19
ISBN : 303650186X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes recent advances in the use of clays in the design of medicinal products and medicinal devices. The pharmaceutical applications of nanoclays are far ranging, because of their distinct advantages: they are versatile (possess a wide range of mechanical, chemical and physical properties) and available at reasonable costs. Some special clays (mainly kaolinite, halloysite, montmorillonite, saponite, hectorite, palygorskite and sepiolite), as well as semi-synthetic (organoclays) or synthetic (double layer hydroxides) derivatives, are very useful materials for modulating drug delivery. In the last decade, several actives have been loaded onto nanoclays and similar inorganic excipients to increase solubility, improve stability, reduce toxicity, and enhance bioavailability, with a consequent increase in therapeutic response. Polymer/clay nanocomposites with synergic properties have been developed, showing improved mechanical properties with respect to the pristine polymer matrices and allowing modified release of loaded actives. Moreover, nanoclays have very recently demonstrated positive effects on the proliferation and migration of fibroblasts. The development of clay-based medicinal products and medicinal devices requires experience in the fields of both clay structure and properties and pharmaceutical technology design.

Emerging Nanotechnology Applications in Electrical Engineering

Emerging Nanotechnology Applications in Electrical Engineering Book
Author : Mohamed, Ahmed Thabet
Publisher : IGI Global
Release : 2021-06-25
ISBN : 1799885380
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The energy sector continues to receive increased attention from both consumers and producers due to its impact on all aspects of life. Electrical energy especially has become more in demand because of the delivery of the service to a large percentage of consumers in addition to the progress and increase of industrial production. It is thus necessary to find advanced systems capable of transferring huge amounts of electrical energy efficiently and safely. Nanotechnology aims to develop new types of atomic electronics that adopt quantum mechanics and the movement of individual particles to produce equipment faster and smaller and solve problems attributed to the electrical engineering field. Emerging Nanotechnology Applications in Electrical Engineering contains innovative research on the methods and applications of nanoparticles in electrical engineering. This book discusses the wide array of uses nanoparticles have within electrical engineering and the diverse electric and magnetic properties that nanomaterials help make prevalent. While highlighting topics including electrical applications, magnetic applications, and electronic applications, this book is ideally designed for researchers, engineers, industry professionals, practitioners, scientists, managers, manufacturers, analysts, students, and educators seeking current research on nanotechnology in electrical, electronic, and industrial applications.

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology

Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Book
Author : James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2004
ISBN : 9780824750503
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dekker Encyclopedia of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology book written by James A. Schwarz,Cristian I. Contescu,Karol Putyera, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Silica and Clay Dispersed Polymer Nanocomposites

Silica and Clay Dispersed Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Md Rezaur Rahman
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-06-13
ISBN : 0081021305
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The production of ‘polymer nanocomposites’ has recently gained considerable attention from both the academic and industrial community, especially in the area of nanoscience. This is mainly due to their enhanced improvements in physico-mechanical, thermal and barrier properties compared to micro and more conventional composites. Their nanoscale dimensions, biodegradable character, cost-effectiveness and sustainability have constituted a stimulus for this increasing interest. Currently there is no limit to the possibility of applications. However, despite all this progress, it is still difficult to achieve uniform dispersion between the filler and the matrix, as agglomerations form far too easily and the production of polymer nanocomposites with high mechanical and thermal properties is still limited. The authors of this proposed book, are of the opinion, that with the increase in scientific publications and the rapid progress in processing possibilities to produce nanocomposites based on various nanoscale fillers (silica/clay), a book that collects all of these scientific findings in one place would be timely and of great interest to both students and scientific researchers, who are concerned with the production, and application of nanocomposites as new innovative materials. The authors aim is to present the latest research findings on the fabrication, properties and applications of nanofillers as reinforcement in polymer nanocomposites. Particular emphasis will be placed on the introduction of various nanofillers (silica/clay) into different elastomeric polymer matrices that will enhance the properties of these materials and their applications. The book will provide an up-to-date review of major innovations in the field and act as a reference for future research in materials science and engineering, which is highly topical due to the demand to produce more sustainable and eco-friendly innovative advanced materials from elastomeric polymers. Emphasis on silica/clay as outstanding reinforcing potential in elastomeric polymer matrices Up-to-date on the most relevant innovations in the field of silica/clay nanocomposites and their extensive applications in advanced material science Establishes the most suitable fabrication methods, properties and applications as a solid foundation in materials science and engineering disciplines Includes the incorporation of dual nanofillers that significantly improve the properties of nanocomposites

Modified Clay and Zeolite Nanocomposite Materials

Modified Clay and Zeolite Nanocomposite Materials Book
Author : Mariano Mercurio,Binoy Sarkar,Alessio Langella
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-29
ISBN : 0128146184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Modified Clay and Zeolite Nanocomposite Materials: Environmental and Pharmaceutical Applications retraces the most important knowledge gaps that the scientific community is facing, including a drawback of real-world applications. This valuable resource explores the novel applications of this group of nanomaterials that can be suitably surface-modified to obtain properties that can be applied in environmental and pharmaceutical fields. For example, modification with surfactants has given new motivation to the study of these materials by producing an inversion in the ion exchange behavior from cationic to anionic. This strategy has paved the way for new uses highlighted in this timely resource. Explores the combination of both minerals (clay and zeolite) together, with their application in two broad areas of emerging research Explains better utilization and applications for modified clay and zeolite through detailed comparative studies Consolidates information on the modification and tuning of clay and zeolite materials for novelty applications Helps users in the selection of materials, surface features, and other functionalization for diverse applications

Polymer Clay Nano composites

Polymer Clay Nano composites Book
Author : Stefano Leporatti
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-10-30
ISBN : 303921652X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This Special Issue focuses on the current state-of-the-art of “Polymer Clay Nano-Composites” for biomedical, anticorrosion, antibacterial, and other applications. Clay–polymer composite nanomaterials represent an emerging area of research. Loading polymers with clay particles essentially enhances the composite strength features. Of particular interest are different nano-assembly methods, such as silane mono and multilayers, polyelectrolyte layer-by-layer assembly, and others. An important development was reached for tubular and fibrous clay nanoparticles, such as halloysite, sepiolite, and imogolite. Polymer clay nanoparticles can be prepared as sheets with 1-nm thickness and width of a few hundred nm (e.g., kaolin and montmorillonite). Fibrous clays significantly reinforce the nano-composites in the assembly with biopolymers and other green polymers, leading to functional hybrid bio nano-composites. The scope of this Special Issue comprehensively includes the synthesis and characterization of polymer clay nano-composites used for several applications, including nano-clay polymer composites and hybrid nano-assemblies.

Nanobiomaterials

Nanobiomaterials Book
Author : Roger Narayan
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-09-15
ISBN : 0081007256
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanobiomaterials: Nanostructured materials for biomedical applications covers an extensive range of topics related to the processing, characterization, modeling, and biomedical applications of nanostructured ceramics, polymers, metals, composites, self-assembled materials, and macromolecules. Novel approaches for bottom-up and top-down processing of nanostructured biomaterials are highlighted. In addition, innovative techniques for characterizing the in vitro behavior and in vivo behavior of nanostructured biomaterials are considered. Applications of nanostructured biomaterials in dentistry, drug delivery, medical diagnostics, surgery and tissue engineering are examined. Provides a concise description of the materials and technologies used in the development of nanostructured biomaterials Provides industrial researchers with an up-to-date and handy reference on current topics in the field of nanostructured biomaterials Includes an integrated approach that is used to discuss both the biological and engineering aspects of nanostructured biomaterials

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites

Clay Polymer Nanocomposites Book
Author : Khouloud Jlassi,Mohamed M. Chehimi,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-07-26
ISBN : 0323461611
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites is a complete summary of the existing knowledge on this topic, from the basic concepts of synthesis and design to their applications in timely topics such as high-performance composites, environment, and energy issues. This book covers many aspects of synthesis such as in- situ polymerization within the interlamellar spacing of the clays or by reaction of pristine or pre-modified clays with reactive polymers and prepolymers. Indeed, nanocomposites can be prepared at industrial scale by melt mixing. Regardless the synthesis method, much is said in this book about the importance of theclay pre-modification step, which is demonstrated to be effective, on many occasions, in obtaining exfoliated nanocomposites. Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites reports the background to numerous characterization methods including solid state NMR, neutron scattering, diffraction and vibrational techniques as well as surface analytical methods, namely XPS, inverse gas chromatography and nitrogen adsorption to probe surface composition, wetting and textural/structural properties. Although not described in dedicated chapters, numerous X-ray diffraction patterns of clay–polymer nanocomposites and reference materials are displayed to account for the effects of intercalation and exfoliations of layered aluminosilicates. Finally, multiscale molecular simulation protocols are presenting for predicting morphologies and properties of nanostructured polymer systems with industrial relevance. As far as applications are concerned, Clay–Polymer Nanocomposites examines structural composites such as clay–epoxy and clay–biopolymers, the use of clay–polymer nanocomposites as reactive nanocomposite fillers, catalytic clay-(conductive) polymers and similar nanocomposites for the uptake of hazardous compounds or for controlled drug release, antibacterial applications, energy storage, and more. The most comprehensive coverage of the state of the art in clay–polymer nanocomposites, from synthesis and design to opportunities and applications Covers the various methods of characterization of clay–polymer nanocomposites - including spectroscopy, thermal analyses, and X-ray diffraction Includes a discussion of a range of application areas, including biomedicine, energy storage, biofouling resistance, and more

Reactions and Mechanisms in Thermal Analysis of Advanced Materials

Reactions and Mechanisms in Thermal Analysis of Advanced Materials Book
Author : Atul Tiwari,Baldev Raj
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-08-06
ISBN : 1119117690
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Strong bonds form stronger materials. For this reason, the investigation on thermal degradation of materials is a significantly important area in research and development activities. The analysis of thermal stability can be used to assess the behavior of materials in the aggressive environmental conditions, which in turn provides valuable information about the service life span of the materiel. Unlike other books published so far that have focused on either the fundamentals of thermal analysis or the degradation pattern of the materials, this book is specifically on the mechanism of degradation of materials. The mechanism of rapturing of chemical bonds as a result of exposure to high-temperature environment is difficult to study and resulting mechanistic pathway hard to establish. Limited information is available on this subject in the published literatures and difficult to excavate. Chapters in this book are contributed by the experts working on thermal degradation and analysis of the wide variety of advanced and traditional materials. Each chapter discusses the material, its possible application, behavior of chemical entities when exposed to high-temperature environment and mode and the mechanistic route of its decomposition. Such information is crucial while selecting the chemical ingredients during the synthesis or development of new materials technology.

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers Book
Author : Yaser Dahman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-01-13
ISBN : 0323524664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology and Functional Materials for Engineers focuses on key essentials and examples across the spectrum of nanomaterials as applied by engineers, including nanosensors, smart nanomaterials, nanopolymers, and nanotubes. Chapters cover their synthesis and characteristics, production methods, and applications, with specific sections exploring nanoelectronics and electro-optic nanotechnology, nanostructures, and nanodevices. This book is a valuable resource for interdisciplinary researchers who want to learn more about how nanomaterials are used in different types of engineering, including electrical, chemical, and biomedical. Offers in-depth information on a variety of nanomaterials and how they are used for different engineering applications Provides an overview of current research and suggests how this will impact future applications Explores how the unique properties of different nanomaterials make them particularly suitable for specific applications

Challenges and Innovations in Ocean In Situ Sensors

Challenges and Innovations in Ocean In Situ Sensors Book
Author : Eric Delory,Jay Pearlman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-21
ISBN : 0128098872
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Challenges and Innovations in Ocean In-Situ Sensors: Measuring Inner Ocean Processes and Health in the Digital Age highlights collaborations of industry and academia in identifying the key challenges and solutions related to ocean observations. A new generation of sensors is presented that addresses the need for higher reliability (e.g. against biofouling), better integration on platforms in terms of size and communication, and data flow across domains (in-situ, space, etc.). Several developments are showcased using a broad diversity of measuring techniques and technologies. Chapters address different sensors and approaches for measurements, including applications, quality monitoring and initiatives that will guide the need for monitoring. Integrates information across key marine and maritime sectors and supports regional policy requirements on monitoring programs Offers tactics for enabling early detection and more effective monitoring of the marine environment and implementation of appropriate management actions Presents new technologies driving the next generation of sensors, allowing readers to understand new capabilities for monitoring and opportunities for another generation of sensors Includes a global vision for ocean monitoring that fosters a new perspective on the direction of ocean measurements

2001 a Clay Odyssey

2001  a Clay Odyssey Book
Author : Eduardo A. Domínguez
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2003-08
ISBN : 0080929893
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The meeting was organized by a local university committee and 205 delegates from 35 countries took part. European participation was low due to the economic crisis experienced by national air lines. During the conference, the AIPEA medals were awarded to Gerhard Lagaly and Tom Pinnavaia. This volume of the Conference Proceedings contains 85 out of a total of 235 oral presentations and posters presented at the following symposia: Teaching Clay Mineralogy, Clays in Hydrothermal Deposits, Clays in Ceramics, Clays in Petroleum Exploration and Production, Clay Barriers, and Waste Management, as well as in the following general sessions of the Conference: Clays in Geology, Clay Minerals and Environment, Soil Mineralogy, Methods, Crystal Chemistry Structure and Synthesis, and Clays in Industry.

Composites Materials for Food Packaging

Composites Materials for Food Packaging Book
Author : Giuseppe Cirillo,Marek A. Kozlowski,Umile Gianfranco Spizzirri
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-05-04
ISBN : 1119160235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is intended as an overview on the recent and more relevant developments in the application of composite materials for food packaging applications, emphasizing the scientific outcome arising from the physico-chemical properties of such engineered materials with the needs of food quality and safety. Consumers are increasingly conscious of the strong relationship between food quality and health, and thus the request of packaging materials allowing the quality and safety of foods to be highly preserved. As a result, scientists from both academia and industry work to increase the quality of the food storage, with this book meant as a link between scientific and industrial research, showing how the development in composite materials can impact the field. In the book, the inorganic materials employed for the preparation of composite material is extensively analyzed in terms of physico-chemical properties, environmental and reusability concerns, as well as food interaction features, highlighting the importance and the potential limitations of each approach.

Nanofinishing of Textile Materials

Nanofinishing of Textile Materials Book
Author : Majid Montazer,Tina Harifi
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2018-06-20
ISBN : 0081012500
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanofinishing of Textile Materials provides thorough coverage of existing, current and future developments in the field. Sections cover a wide range of nanofinishing mechanisms for improving the fundamental properties of textiles, such as bleaching, scouring, softening and surface activation. Other sections discuss high-performance properties and conventional attributes, such as waterproofing, fire-retardancy and novel applications, including conductivity and magnetism. With two highly regarded and experienced authors bringing together the latest information on nanofinishing technology, this book is essential reading for scientific researchers, engineers and R&D professionals working on the development of finishes for improving the properties of textiles. Explains nanofinishing mechanisms and processes with a view to their use in developing high-performance apparel and technical textiles Focuses on how nanofinishing can be used to confer important characteristics, such as self-cleaning, hydrophobic, hydrophilic, magnetic and conductive attributes Explores novel techniques and methods for readers who require cutting-edge knowledge of developments in nanofinishing

Nanotechnology for Energy and Environmental Engineering

Nanotechnology for Energy and Environmental Engineering Book
Author : Lalita Ledwani,Jitendra S. Sangwai
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-12
ISBN : 303033774X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the potential applications of nanoscience and nanotechnology to promote eco-friendly processes and techniques for energy and environment sustainability. Covering various aspects of both the synthesis and applications of nanoparticles and nanofluids for energy and environmental engineering, its goal is to promote eco-friendly processes and techniques. Accordingly, the book elaborates on the development of reliable, economical, eco-friendly processes through advanced nanoscience and technological research and innovations. Gathering contributions by researchers actively engaged in various domains of nanoscience and technology, it addresses topics such as nanoparticle synthesis (both top-down and bottom-up approaches); applications of nanomaterials, nanosensors and plasma discharge in pollution control; environmental monitoring; agriculture; energy recovery; production enhancement; energy conservation and storage; surface modification of materials for energy storage; fuel cells; pollution mitigation; and CO2 capture and sequestration. Given its scope, the book will be of interest to academics and researchers whose work involves nanotechnology or nanomaterials, especially as applied to energy and/or environmental sustainability engineering. Graduate students in the same areas will also find it a valuable resource.

Analysis and Performance of Engineering Materials

Analysis and Performance of Engineering Materials Book
Author : Gennady E. Zaikov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2015-08-28
ISBN : 1498707734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This new book facilitates the study of problematic chemicals in such applications as chemical fate modeling, chemical process design, and experimental design. It provides a valuable overview of current chemical processes, products, and practices and analyzes theories to formulate and prove physicochemical principles. It addresses the production and application of polymers, including chemical, physicochemical, and purely physical methods of examination. Topics include: • Radiotransparent fiberglass plastic products based on highly cross-linked polymer matrices • Properties and development of hyaluronan (HA) for pharmaceutical applications • Adhesive bonding of steel sheets treated by nitrooxidation in comparison with nontreated steel • Results of simulation by the Monte Carlo method of kinetics of three-dimensional free-radical polymerization of tetrafunctional monomers (TFM) • Elastomeric compositions based on systems with functionally active components for extreme conditions • Experimental research on efficient clearing of gas emissions in the manufacture of ceramic materials • The use of solar cells in the manufacture of textile materials • Ceramization of polymer compositions as a method for flame retardancy in materials The important research found in this book will aid scientists and researchers in developing improved engineering materials. The book’s coverage of a broad spectrum of key developments can be applied in industrial chemistry, biochemistry, and materials science.