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Chitosan In Biomedical Applications

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Chitosan in Biomedical Applications

Chitosan in Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Md Saquib Hasnain,Amit Kumar Nayak,Sarwar Beg
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-10-15
ISBN : 9780128210581
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chitosan in Biomedical Applications provides a thorough insight into the complete chitosan chemistry, collection, chemical modifications, characterization and applications of chitosan in biomedical applications and healthcare fields. Chitosan, a biopolymer of natural origin, has been explored for its variety of applications in biomedical research, medical diagnostic aids and material science. It is the second most abundant natural biopolymer after cellulose, and considered as an excellent excipient because of its non-toxic, stable, biodegradable properties. Several research innovations have been made on applications of chitosan in biomedical applications. The book explores key topics, such as molecular weight, degree of deacetylation, and molecular geometry, along with an emphasis on recent advances in the field written by academic, industry, and clinical researchers. Chitosan in Biomedical Applications will be of interest to those in biomedical fields including the biomaterials and tissue engineering community investigating and developing biomaterials for biomedical applications, particularly graduate students, young faculty and others exploring chitosan-based materials. Provides methodology for the design, development and selection of chitosan in biomedical applications for particular therapeutic applications Includes illustrations demonstrating the mechanism of biological interaction of chitosan Discusses the regulatory aspects and demonstrates the clinical efficacy of chitosan

Functional Chitosan

Functional Chitosan Book
Author : Sougata Jana,Subrata Jana
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-10
ISBN : 9811502633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thanks to their unique properties, chitosan and chitosan-based materials have numerous applications in the field of biomedicine, especially in drug delivery. This book examines biomedical applications of functional chitosan, exploring the various functions and applications in the development of chitosan-based biomaterials. It also describes the chemical structure of chitosan and discusses the relationship between their structure and functions, providing a theoretical basis for the design of biomaterials. Lastly, it reviews chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and gene delivery.

Chitosan Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications

Chitosan Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Paula Pereira
Publisher : Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Release : 2010
ISBN : 9781617610981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chitosan is a rather abundant material with exquisite properties, which may be processed into a variety of materials including hydrogels, fibres, membranes, etc. The production of chitosan-based nanogels, also known as macromolecular miceles, has been successfully achieved using different techniques, which will be reviewed. This book covers the properties and applications of chitosan nanogels in the biomedical field, namely as a drug delivery vehicle for biopharmaceuticals. The main achievements and recent developments will be addressed in this book.

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives

Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-12-04
ISBN : 1466566280
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A natural long-chain polymer, chitin is the main component of the cell walls of fungi, the exoskeletons of arthropods (including crustaceans and insects), the radulas of mollusks, and the beaks and internal shells of cephalopods. However, marine crustacean shells are the primary sources of the chitin derivative chitosan. Chitin and chitosan are useful for various biological and biomedical applications, although they have been limited by poor solubility in the past. Current research focuses on increasing their solubility and bioactivity through molecular modifications. The resulting derivatives are receiving much attention for interesting properties, such as biocompatibility, biodegradability, and nontoxicity, that make them suitable for use in the biomedical field. Chitin and Chitosan Derivatives: Advances in Drug Discovery and Developments presents current research trends in the synthesis of chitin and chitosan derivatives, their biological activities, and their biomedical applications. Part I discusses basic information about the synthesis and characterization of a variety of derivatives, including the preparation of chitin nanofibers. Part II covers chitin and chitosan modifications as the basis for biological applications. It describes antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antiviral, anticoagulant, and antimicrobial activities. Part III addresses chemically modified and composite materials of chitin and chitosan derivatives for biomedical applications, such as tissue engineering, nanomedicine, drug delivery, and wound dressing. A must-have reference for novices and experts in biotechnology, natural products, materials science, nutraceuticals, and biomedical engineering, this book presents a wide range of biological and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan derivatives for drug discovery and development.

Chitosan Chitosan Derivatives and Their Biomedical Applications

Chitosan  Chitosan Derivatives and Their Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Gustavo Adolfo Muñoz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chitosan is one of the most studied polysaccharides nowadays. Because of its biocompatibility, biodegradability and abundance in nature, it has had a wide number of applications. In this chapter, an overview of chitosan including its physicochemical properties and characterization methods is presented. Subsequently, the main chitosan chemical modifications via the hydroxyl and amino groups are discussed. These chemical modifications improve chitosan physical properties and expand its range of applications especially in the biomedical field which will also be studied.

Chitosan

Chitosan Book
Author : Shakeel Ahmed,Saiqa Ikram
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-08-04
ISBN : 1119364817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book delves deeply in to the preparation, characterization and multiple applications of chitin and chitosan. The 17 chapters written by leading experts is an excellent reference source and state-of-the-art review for researchers and scientists using chitosan or biopolymers in their respective areas. This book is divided into following sections: • Production and derivatives of chitosan • Chitosan in the textile and food industries • Chitosan in biomedical applications • Chitosan in agriculture and water treatment The book is practical as readers will be able to see descriptions of chitosan production methods as well as techniques that can be used to estimate and modify their physical and chemical properties. It provides a full description not only of the traditional and recent developments in the applications of chitosan in the fields of biotechnology, environmental studies, food, medicine, water treatments, drug delivery, but it includes all of the therapeutically usages as well.

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 1 Book
Author : Jessica Amber Jennings,Joel David Bumgardner
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-26
ISBN : 0081002572
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chitosan Based Biomaterials: Fundamentals, Volume 1, provides the latest information on chitosan, a natural polymer derived from the marine material chitin. Chitosan displays unique properties, most notably biocompatibility and biodegradability. It can also be easily tuned to modify its structure or properties, making chitosan an excellent candidate as a biomaterial. Consequently, chitosan is being developed for many biomedical functions, ranging from tissue engineering and implant coatings to drug and gene delivery. This book looks at the fundamentals of chitosan-based biomaterials. Contains specific focus on the techniques and technologies needed to develop chitosan for biomedical applications Presents a comprehensive treatment of the fundamentals Provides contributions from leading researchers with extensive experience in chitosan

Chitin and Chitosan for Regenerative Medicine

Chitin and Chitosan for Regenerative Medicine Book
Author : Pradip Kumar Dutta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2015-09-04
ISBN : 8132225112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book is an excellent reference for scientists, researchers and students working in the field of areas of biopolymeric biomaterials, biomedical engineering, therapeutics, tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. The book is divided into two parts: Part I will focus on the tissue engineering and Part II focuses on therapeutics, functionalization and computer-aided techniques. The book consists of 13 chapters contributed by 20 international contributors who are leading experts in the field of biopolymers and its applications. It will focus on the advancements of chitin and chitosan in regenerative medicine. Regenerative medicine in tissue engineering is the process of replacing or regenerating human cells, tissues, or organs to restore or establish normal function. It is an incredibly progressive field of medicine that may, in the near future, help with the shortage of life-saving organs available through donation for transplantation vis-a-vis regenerative medicine focuses on therapeutics, functionalization and computer-aided techniques. It also covers physical and chemical aspects of chitin and chitosan, structural modifications for biomedical applications, chitosan based scaffolds and biomodelling in tissue engineering, nanomedicines and therapeutic applications. With the broad range of applications, the world is waiting for biopolymers to serve as the basis for regenerative medicine and biomedical applications.

Chitosan Nanocomposites Based on Distinct Inorganic Fillers for Biomedical Applications

Chitosan Nanocomposites Based on Distinct Inorganic Fillers for Biomedical Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: Chitosan (CHI), a biocompatible and biodegradable polysaccharide with the ability to provide a non-protein matrix for tissue growth, is considered to be an ideal material in the biomedical field. However, the lack of good mechanical properties limits its applications. In order to overcome this drawback, CHI has been combined with different polymers and fillers, leading to a variety of chitosan-based nanocomposites. The extensive research on CHI nanocomposites as well as their main biomedical applications are reviewed in this paper. An overview of the different fillers and assembly techniques available to produce CHI nanocomposites is presented. Finally, the properties of such nanocomposites are discussed with particular focus on bone regeneration, drug delivery, wound healing and biosensing applications. Abstract :

Advances in Chitin Chitosan Characterization and Applications

Advances in Chitin Chitosan Characterization and Applications Book
Author : Marguerite Rinaudo,Francisco M. Goycoolea
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2019-04-23
ISBN : 3038978027
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Functional advanced biopolymers have received far less attention than renewable biomass (cellulose, rubber, etc.) used for energy production. Among the most advanced biopolymers known is chitosan. The term chitosan refers to a family of polysaccharides obtained by partial de-N-acetylation from chitin, one of the most abundant renewable resources in the biosphere. Chitosan has been firmly established as having unique material properties as well as biological activities. Either in its native form or as a chemical derivative, chitosan is amenable to being processed—typically under mild conditions—into soft materials such as hydrogels, colloidal nanoparticles, or nanofibers. Given its multiple biological properties, including biodegradability, antimicrobial effects, gene transfectability, and metal adsorption—to name but a few—chitosan is regarded as a widely versatile building block in various sectors (e.g., agriculture, food, cosmetics, pharmacy) and for various applications (medical devices, metal adsorption, catalysis, etc.). This Special Issue presents an updated account addressing some of the major applications, including also chemical and enzymatic modifications of oligos and polymers. A better understanding of the properties that underpin the use of chitin and chitosan in different fields is key for boosting their more extensive industrial utilization, as well as to aid regulatory agencies in establishing specifications, guidelines, and standards for the different types of products and applications.

Chitin

Chitin Book
Author : Eugene Khor
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-12
ISBN : 0080999409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second edition of Chitin underscores the important factors for standardizing chitin processing and characterization. It captures the essential interplay between chitin's assets and limitations as a biomaterial, placing the past promises of chitin in perspective, addressing its present realities and offering insight into what is required to realize chitin's destiny (including its derivative, chitosan) as a biomaterial of the twenty-first century. This book is an ideal guide for both industrialists and researchers with a vested interest in commercializing chitin. An update on the research since 2001 as it pertains to the biomaterials and biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan An expanded discussion on positioning chitin and chitosan for biomedical applications Presents regulatory aspects of chitin and chitosan

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Book
Author : Sangamesh Kumbar,Cato Laurencin,Meng Deng
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 0123972906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 2

Chitosan Based Biomaterials Volume 2 Book
Author : Jessica Amber Jennings,Joel David Bumgardner
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2016-09-28
ISBN : 0081002564
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chitosan Based Biomaterials: Tissue Engineering and Therapeutics, Volume 2, provides the latest information on chitosan, a natural polymer derived from the marine material chitin. Chitosan displays unique properties, most notably biocompatibility and biodegradability. It can also be easily tuned to modify its structure or properties, making chitosan an excellent candidate as a biomaterial. Consequently, chitosan is being developed for many biomedical functions, ranging from tissue engineering and implant coatings to drug and gene delivery. This book provides readers with a full coverage of the applications of chitosan-based biomaterials. Presents specific focus on tissue engineering and therapeutics Provides comprehensive treatment of all biomaterial applications of chitosan Contains contributions by leading researchers with extensive experience in the material

Current Research and Developments on Chitin and Chitosan in Biomaterials Science

Current Research and Developments on Chitin and Chitosan in Biomaterials Science Book
Author : R. Jayakumar
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008-01-01
ISBN : 9788130802718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years there have been tremendous advances in the fields of chemistry, physics and biology which have a direct impact on advances in biomaterials science. These advances have contributed significantly to the improvement of modern health care and continue to influence the practice of medicine. A biomaterial is any material, natural or man-made, that comprises whole or part of a living structure or biomedical device which performs, augments, or replaces a natural function. Among the biomaterials, chitin and chitosan have received much attention due to their non-toxicity, biodegradability, biocompatibility and multifunctional properties with applications in biomedical and pharmaceutical sciences. The main driving force behind the development of new applications for chitin and its derivative chitosan lies with the fact that these polysaccharides represent a renewable source of natural biodegradable polymers. Since chitin is the second most abundant natural polymer, academic as well as industrial scientists are faced with a great challenge to find new and practical applications for this material. This book provides an examination of the state of the art, and discusses current research as well as new biomedical applications of chitin and chitosan. Applications of chitin and chitosan will be of interest to industrial personnel involved in bioprocessing as well as bioengineering students, specialists in the biomedical and biopharmaceutical industry, biochemists, food engineers, environmentalists, and microbiologists and biologists who specialize in chitosan technology. The subject matter of the book is divided into nine chapters. Chapter 1 deals with the preparation and physico-chemical properties of amphiphilic derivatives of chitin and chitosan. The potential applications of these derivatives in the fields of controlled drug and gene delivery are discussed in details. Chapter 2 deals with the inhibitory activity of chitosan against bacteria and fungi potentially encountered in foodstuffs and the modes of action as suggested in the literature. Recent approaches, such as enzymatic depolymerization and chemical modifications, developed to improve the bioactivity of chitosan are reported. In addition, the applications of chitosan based products as biopackaging materials in food preservation are explored. In chapter 3, the recent developments and applications of stimuli-responsive materials based on chitosan are discussed. Moreover, different approaches used to prepare chitosan interpenetrating networks are analyzed and the potential of the resultant system for biomedical applications are critically reviewed. Different methods of chitosan deposition onto substrates for tissue engineering, wound dressing, separation membranes, biocompatible and antibacterial coatings, stent coatings, and sensors applications are reported in chapter 4. Chapter 5 of this book deals with the mechanisms involved in the in vitro calcification of chitosan while chapter 6 discusses the role of chitosan and its derivatives as potent adjuvant/delivery systems for mucosal immunization both in human and veterinary medicine. The current research and developments on chitin and chitosan nanoscaffolds for tissue engineering applications and future demands on bio-products are discussed in chapter 7. Chapter 8 reviews the different techniques of chitosan microsphere preparation for the drug delivery applications. In addition, the advantages of using chitosan microsphere as drug carrier are also explored. Recently, considerable works have been directed to develop an ideal scaffold based on polymer/ceramic composite materials. In this context, chitosan/calcium phosphate composite materials would have an importance in bone tissue engineering. The preparation methods, properties and applications of composite scaffolds and cements based on calcium phosphate and chitosan are reported in chapter 9. We hope this book can serve as a comprehensive introduction to researchers in biomaterials science and engineering in general, and can also be used as a graduate level text in related areas. We thank the authors for their excellent contributions to this book and our publishers for their encouragement which motivated us to produce this book. We believe this will make a lasting contribution to the field of biomaterials science.

Chitin Chitosan Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives

Chitin  Chitosan  Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-07-14
ISBN : 1439816042
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biopolymers found in marine animals and plants offer tremendous, largely untapped pharmaceutical potential. Research shows that these biopolymers can be used to combat various infectious as well as inflammatory, oxidative, and carcinogenic factors. Chitin, Chitosan, Oligosaccharides and Their Derivatives: Biological Activities and Applications cove

Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Materials and Composites

Biomedical Applications of Polymeric Materials and Composites Book
Author : Raju Francis,D. Sakthi Kumar
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-12-19
ISBN : 3527338365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With its content taken from only the very latest results, this is an extensive summary of the various polymeric materials used for biomedical applications. Following an introduction listing various functional polymers, including conductive, biocompatible and conjugated polymers, the book goes on to discuss different synthetic polymers that can be used, for example, as hydrogels, biochemical sensors, functional surfaces, and natural degradable materials. Throughout, the focus is on applications, with worked examples for training purposes as well as case studies included. The whole is rounded off with a look at future trends.

Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan

Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Anitha Pius,Sreerag Gopi
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-06-19
ISBN : 0128179716
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan: Preparation and Properties, Volume One, is a must-read for polymer chemists, physicists and engineers interested in the development of ecofriendly micro and nanostructured functional materials based on chitin and their various applications. The book addresses the entirety of working with these materials, from their isolation, preparation and properties, through composites, nanomaterials, manufacturing and characterizations. This is the first of three volumes in a series that contains the latest on the major applications of chitin and chitosan based IPN’s, blends, gels, composites and nanocomposites, including environmental remediation, biomedical applications and smart material applications. Provides a comprehensive overview of Chitin and Chitosan materials, from their synthesis and nanomaterials, to their manufacture and applications Volume One focuses on the synthesis and properties of Chitosan and/or Chitin Includes contributions from leading researchers across the globe and from industry, academia, government and private research institutions Highlights current status and future opportunities

Chitosan Based Hydrogels

Chitosan Based Hydrogels Book
Author : Kangde Yao,Junjie Li,Fanglian Yao,Yuji Yin
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2011-07-28
ISBN : 1439821143
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their unique properties, chitosan-based materials have emerged as useful resources in a variety of medicines, drug controlled-release carriers, tissue engineering scaffolds, and immobilized enzymes. But many of these materials have yet to reach the commercial market. Therefore, more work must be completed to fill the gap between research and production. Exploring the state of the field, Chitosan-Based Hydrogels: Functions and Applications details the latest progress in the research and development of chitosan-based biomaterials. The book introduces the formation and chemical structure of chitosan-based hydrogels. It also discusses the relationship between their structure and functions, which provides a theoretical basis for the design of biomaterials. In addition, many real-world examples illustrate the potential application of chitosan-based hydrogels in various areas, including materials science, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, regenerative medicine, and cell engineering. By examining the structure and functions of chitosan-based hydrogels in living systems, this book provides the foundation for future research. It encourages readers to contribute to further research and development of these unique biomaterials.

Marine Biomaterials

Marine Biomaterials Book
Author : Se-Kwon Kim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-04-11
ISBN : 1466505656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Oceans are an abundant source of diverse biomaterials with potential for an array of uses. Marine Biomaterials: Characterization, Isolation and Applications brings together the wide range of research in this important area, including the latest developments and applications, from preliminary research to clinical trials. The book is divided into four parts, with chapters written by experts from around the world. Biomaterials described come from a variety of marine sources, such as fish, algae, microorganisms, crustaceans, and mollusks. Part I covers the isolation and characterization of marine biomaterials—bioceramics, biopolymers, fatty acids, toxins and pigments, nanoparticles, and adhesive materials. It also describes problems that may be encountered in the process as well as possible solutions. Part II looks at biological activities of marine biomaterials, including polysaccharides, biotoxins, and peptides. Chapters examine health benefits of the biomaterials, such as antiviral activity, antidiabetic properties, anticoagulant and anti-allergic effects, and more. Part III discusses biomedical applications of marine biomaterials, including nanocomposites, and describes applications of various materials in tissue engineering and drug delivery. Part IV explores commercialization of marine-derived biomaterials—marine polysaccharides and marine enzymes—and examines industry perspectives and applications. This book covers the key aspects of available marine biomaterials for biological and biomedical applications, and presents techniques that can be used for future isolation of novel materials from marine sources.

Applications of Chitan and Chitosan

Applications of Chitan and Chitosan Book
Author : Mattheus F. A. Goosen
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1996-06-01
ISBN : 9781566764490
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The main driving force behind the development of new applications for chitin and its derivative chitosan lies with the fact that these polysaccharides represent a renewable source of natural biodegradable polymers. Since chitin is the second most abundant natural polymer, academic as well as industrial scientists are faced with a great challenge to find new and practical applications for this material. This book provides an examination of the state of the art, and discusses new applications as well as potential products. Applications of Chitin and Chitosan deals almost exclusively with applications. Previous books in the field have devoted less than 30% of their material to commercial or medical uses. In the past thirty years, substantial progress has been made on fundamental and applied research in chitosan technology. One of the driving forces behind this rapid development has been the decrease in the supply of natural resources. At the same time there has been an increased realization that there are abundant alternative bioresources. Two factors-economics and versatility-have also stimulated interest in chitosan's utilization in various fields. Chitin and chitosan derivatives have applications in fields that range from fertilizers to pharmaceuticals. Chitosan is no longer just a waste by-product from the seafood processing industry. This material is now being utilized by industry to solve problems and to improve existing products, as well as to create new ones. Applications of Chitin and Chitosan is illustrated with over 100 photos, charts, graphs and figures and more than 40 tables. Applications of Chitin and Chitosan will be of interest to industrial personnel involved in bioprocessing as well as bioengineering students, specialists in the biomedical and biopharmaceutical industry, biochemists, food engineers, environmentalists, and microbiologists and biologists who specialize in chitosan technology. Publication: Fall 1996.