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China Building An Innovative Economy

China  Building An Innovative Economy Book
Author : Celeste Varum,Can Huang,Joaquim Borges Gouveia
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-11-30
ISBN : 1780632266
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive description of China’s innovation system through in-depth analysis of its transformation in the past two decades. The most recent developments are included in order to summarize Chinese experience of reforming its industry and academy sector to meet the challenge of innovation. The discussion is not only centred on the policy and its impact, but goes further to find the logic behind the actions. The book also examines the strengths and weaknesses of China’s innovation system in the global context. The book helps R&D managers, business professionals and academics grasp an understanding of the new changes in China from the perspective of innovation. It also facilitates policy makers and academics to understand the Chinese experience of building a dynamic and innovative economy. Comprehensive coverage of China’s innovation using the national innovation system approach Includes up-to-date information regarding data, policy reforms and policy impact Original comparative discussion of China’s innovation practice in the global context

Incentives for Innovation in China

Incentives for Innovation in China Book
Author : Xuedong Ding,Jun Li
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN : 1317537742
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past three decades, China has successfully transformed itself from an extremely poor economy to the world’s second largest economy. The country’s phenomenal economic growth has been sustained primarily by its rapid and continuous industrialization. Currently industry accounts for nearly two-fifths of China’s gross domestic product, and since 2009 China has been the world’s largest exporter of manufactured products. This book explores the question of how far this industrial growth has been the product of government policies. It discusses how government policies and their priorities have developed and evolved, examines how industrial policies are linked to policies in other areas, such as trade, technology and regional development, and assesses how new policy initiatives are encouraging China’s increasing success in new technology-intensive industries. It also demonstrates how China’s industrial policies are linked to development of industrial clusters and regions.

Making in America

Making in America Book
Author : Suzanne Berger
Publisher : MIT Press
Release : 2013-08-23
ISBN : 0262019914
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

How America can rebuild its industrial landscape to sustain an innovative economy. America is the world leader in innovation, but many of the innovative ideas that are hatched in American start-ups, labs, and companies end up going abroad to reach commercial scale. Apple, the superstar of innovation, locates its production in China (yet still reaps most of its profits in the United States). When innovation does not find the capital, skills, and expertise it needs to come to market in the United States, what does it mean for economic growth and job creation? Inspired by the MIT Made in America project of the 1980s, Making in America brings experts from across MIT to focus on a critical problem for the country. MIT scientists, engineers, social scientists, and management experts visited more than 250 firms in the United States, Germany, and China. In companies across America—from big defense contractors to small machine shops and new technology start-ups—these experts tried to learn how we can rebuild the industrial landscape to sustain an innovative economy. At each stop, they asked this basic question: “When you have a new idea, how do you get it into the market?” They found gaping holes and missing pieces in the industrial ecosystem. Even in an Internet-connected world, proximity to innovation and users matters for industry. Making in America describes ways to strengthen this connection, including public-private collaborations, new government-initiated manufacturing innovation institutes, and industry/community college projects. If we can learn from these ongoing experiments in linking innovation to production, American manufacturing could have a renaissance.

Incentives for Innovation in China

Incentives for Innovation in China Book
Author : Xuedong Ding,Jun Li
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-02-11
ISBN : 1317537750
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the past three decades, China has successfully transformed itself from an extremely poor economy to the world’s second largest economy. The country’s phenomenal economic growth has been sustained primarily by its rapid and continuous industrialization. Currently industry accounts for nearly two-fifths of China’s gross domestic product, and since 2009 China has been the world’s largest exporter of manufactured products. This book explores the question of how far this industrial growth has been the product of government policies. It discusses how government policies and their priorities have developed and evolved, examines how industrial policies are linked to policies in other areas, such as trade, technology and regional development, and assesses how new policy initiatives are encouraging China’s increasing success in new technology-intensive industries. It also demonstrates how China’s industrial policies are linked to development of industrial clusters and regions.

Building the 21st Century

Building the 21st Century Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Committee on Comparative National Innovation Policies: Best Practice for the 21st Century
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-09-19
ISBN : 0309216664
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global economy is characterized by increasing locational competition to attract the resources necessary to develop leading-edge technologies as drivers of regional and national growth. One means of facilitating such growth and improving national competitiveness is to improve the operation of the national innovation system. This involves national technology development and innovation programs designed to support research on new technologies, enhance the commercial return on national research, and facilitate the production of globally competitive products. Understanding the policies that other nations are pursuing to become more innovative and to what effect is essential to understanding how the nature and terms of economic competition are shifting. Building the 21st Century U.S.-China Cooperation on Science, Technology, and Innovation studies selected foreign innovation programs and comparing them with major U.S. programs. This analysis of Comparative Innovation Policy includes a review of the goals, concept, structure, operation, funding levels, and evaluation of foreign programs designed to advance the innovation capacity of national economies and enhance their international competitiveness. This analysis focuses on key areas of future growth, such as renewable energy, among others, to generate case-specific recommendations where appropriate.

China s Innovation Economy

China s Innovation Economy Book
Author : Jon-Arild Johannessen
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2021-09-30
ISBN : 1000454827
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two trends will have more influence than anything else on the world’s future political and economic situation: the development of artificial intelligence and the emergence of China as a competitor to the United States on the international stage. This book is about the emerging innovation economy. It uses systems theory and evolutionary economics as a theoretical point of departure and explains why the focal point of the geopolitical stage is moving away from the alliance between the United States and Europe, and towards an alliance between China, the 14 Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership countries, the countries along the new silk road, and Europe. The book argues that the globalization strategy of neoliberalism laid the foundation for the Chinese economic engine. Whereas the old globalization was driven by cost differences generally, and wage costs specifically, the new globalization is driven by divergence in competence in general, and technological competence in particular, and China’s primary goal is to develop artificial intelligence and intelligent robots. Further, the book posits that the interactions between the climate crisis and the new technology will change production, distribution and the creation of profits, both in China and more widely in the global innovation economy. The book develops a structure to describe, analyze and explain the Chinese innovation economy and contributes to the discussion regarding technological developments in China. The book is written for readers who are oriented towards the new globalization that is emerging in the innovation economy and the factors driving China's economic growth.

Building the 21st Century

Building the 21st Century Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Committee on Comparative National Innovation Policies: Best Practice for the 21st Century
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2011-08-19
ISBN : 0309216699
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The global economy is characterized by increasing locational competition to attract the resources necessary to develop leading-edge technologies as drivers of regional and national growth. One means of facilitating such growth and improving national competitiveness is to improve the operation of the national innovation system. This involves national technology development and innovation programs designed to support research on new technologies, enhance the commercial return on national research, and facilitate the production of globally competitive products. Understanding the policies that other nations are pursuing to become more innovative and to what effect is essential to understanding how the nature and terms of economic competition are shifting. Building the 21st Century U.S.-China Cooperation on Science, Technology, and Innovation studies selected foreign innovation programs and comparing them with major U.S. programs. This analysis of Comparative Innovation Policy includes a review of the goals, concept, structure, operation, funding levels, and evaluation of foreign programs designed to advance the innovation capacity of national economies and enhance their international competitiveness. This analysis focuses on key areas of future growth, such as renewable energy, among others, to generate case-specific recommendations where appropriate.

Building the Ohio Innovation Economy

Building the Ohio Innovation Economy Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Committee on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-03-02
ISBN : 0309266769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Since 1991, the National Research Council, under the auspices of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, has undertaken a program of activities to improve policymakers' understandings of the interconnections of science, technology, and economic policy and their importance for the American economy and its international competitive position. The Board's activities have corresponded with increased policy recognition of the importance of knowledge and technology to economic growth. One important element of STEP's analysis concerns the growth and impact of foreign technology programs. U.S. competitors have launched substantial programs to support new technologies, small firm development, and consortia among large and small firms to strengthen national and regional positions in strategic sectors. Some governments overseas have chosen to provide public support to innovation to overcome the market imperfections apparent in their national innovation systems. They believe that the rising costs and risks associated with new potentially high-payoff technologies, and the growing global dispersal of technical expertise, underscore the need for national R&D programs to support new and existing high-technology firms within their borders. Similarly, many state and local governments and regional entities in the United States are undertaking a variety of initiatives to enhance local economic development and employment through investment programs designed to attract knowledge-based industries and grow innovation clusters. These state and regional programs and associated policy measures are of great interest for their potential contributions to growth and U.S. competitiveness and for the "best practice" lessons that they offer for other state and regional programs. STEP's project on State and Regional Innovation Initiatives is intended to generate a better understanding of the challenges associated with the transition of research into products, the practices associated with successful state and regional programs, and their interaction with federal programs and private initiatives. The study seeks to achieve this goal through a series of complementary assessments of state, regional, and federal initiatives; analyses of specific industries and technologies from the perspective of crafting supportive public policy at all three levels; and outreach to multiple stakeholders. Building the Ohio Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium explains the of the study, which is to improve the operation of state and regional programs and, collectively, enhance their impact.

Building Hawaii s Innovation Economy

Building Hawaii s Innovation Economy Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Committee on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2012-05-25
ISBN : 0309221005
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Responding to the challenges of fostering regional growth and employment in an increasingly competitive global economy, many U.S. states and regions have developed programs to attract and grow companies as well as attract the talent and resources necessary to develop innovation clusters. These state and regionally based initiatives have a broad range of goals and increasingly include significant resources, often with a sectoral focus and often in partnership with foundations and universities. These are being joined by recent initiatives to coordinate and concentrate investments from a variety of federal agencies that provide significant resources to develop regional centers of innovation, business incubators, and other strategies to encourage entrepreneurship and high-tech development. Building Hawaii's Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium explains the study of selected state and regional programs in order to identify best practices with regard to their goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation, synergies across private and public programs, funding mechanisms and levels, and evaluation efforts. This report reviews selected state and regional efforts to capitalize on federal and state investments in areas of critical national needs. Building Hawaii's Innovation Economy also reviews efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific new technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and energy in order to better understand program goals, challenges, and accomplishments.

Research and Innovation Forum 2020

Research and Innovation Forum 2020 Book
Author : Anna Visvizi,Miltiadis D. Lytras,Naif R. Aljohani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 3030620662
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book features research presented and discussed during the Research & Innovation Forum (Rii Forum) 2020. As such, this book offers a unique insight into emerging topics, issues and developments pertinent to the fields of technology, innovation and education and their social impact. Papers included in this book apply inter- and multi-disciplinary approaches to query such issues as technology-enhanced teaching and learning, smart cities, information systems, cognitive computing and social networking. What brings these threads of the discussion together is the question of how advances in computer science which are otherwise largely incomprehensible to researchers from other fields can be effectively translated and capitalized on so as to make them beneficial for society as a whole. In this context, Rii Forum and Rii Forum proceedings offer an essential venue where diverse stakeholders, including academics, the think tank sector and decision-makers, can engage in a meaningful dialogue with a view to improving the applicability of advances in computer science.

China s Path to Innovation

China s Path to Innovation Book
Author : Xiaolan Fu
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2015-02-05
ISBN : 1107046998
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A rigorous examination of the motivations, sources, obstacles to and consequences of China's drive to become a leading innovative nation.

The Demographics of Innovation

The Demographics of Innovation Book
Author : James Liang
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-02-06
ISBN : 111940892X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Machine generated contents note: Acknowledgments About the Author Introduction Part I: Theory and Policy Chapter 1: Global Demographic Trends Chapter 2: Demographics and Innovation Chapter 3: Demographics and the Economy Chapter 4: Resource and Environment Chapter 5: Public Policy Part II: The Race of Innovation Chapter 6: Japan Chapter 7: China Chapter 8: The United States of America Chapter 9: Europe Chapter 10: India Conclusion Epilogue: Historical Competition Among Civilizations: An Essay on Transportation Technology, Demographics and the Race of Innovation References Index

China s Quest for Innovation

China s Quest for Innovation Book
Author : Shuanping Dai,Markus Taube
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2019-11-27
ISBN : 1351019724
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The transition from a catching-up style economy to an innovation-driven economy poses a major challenge for China. This book examines the major issues at stake, outlines developments in crucial business fields and industries, and discusses the roles of top-down politics and bottom-up entrepreneurship. It focuses in particular on the institutional foundations of innovation, arguing that successful innovation relies on the favourable interplay of business, politics, and society, and that comprehensive institutional and organizational changes will be required in China in order for innovation to succeed. Overall, the book assesses how far China will be able to depart from the Western paradigm of successful innovation regimes and create its own innovation system with Chinese characteristics.

Economy Emotion and Ethics in Chinese Cinema

Economy  Emotion  and Ethics in Chinese Cinema Book
Author : David Leiwei Li
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2016-02-05
ISBN : 131730988X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The First and Second Comings of capitalism are conceptual shorthands used to capture the radical changes in global geopolitics from the Opium War to the end of the Cold War and beyond. Centring the role of capitalism in the Chinese everyday, the framework can be employed to comprehend contemporary Chinese culture in general and, as in this study, Chinese cinema in particular. This book investigates major Chinese-language films from mainland China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong in order to unpack a hyper-compressed capitalist modernity with distinctive Chinese characteristics. As a dialogue between the film genre as a mediation of microscopic social life, and the narrative of economic development as a macroscopic political abstraction, it engages the two otherwise remotely related worlds, illustrating how the State and the Subject are reconstituted cinematically in late capitalism. A deeply cultural, determinedly historical, and deliberately interdisciplinary study, it approaches "culture" anthropologically, as a way of life emanating from the everyday, and aesthetically, as imaginative forms and creative expressions. Economy, Emotion, and Ethics in Chinese Cinema will appeal to students and scholars of Chinese cinema, cultural studies, Asian studies, and interdisciplinary studies of politics and culture.

Building the Arkansas Innovation Economy

Building the Arkansas Innovation Economy Book
Author : National Research Council,Policy and Global Affairs,Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy,Committee on Competing in the 21st Century: Best Practice in State and Regional Innovation Initiatives
Publisher : National Academies Press
Release : 2013-01-03
ISBN : 0309266432
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A committee under the auspices of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy (STEP), is conducting a study of selected state and regional programs in order to identify best practices with regard to their goals, structures, instruments, modes of operation, synergies across private and public programs, funding mechanisms and levels, and evaluation efforts. The committee is reviewing selected state and regional efforts to capitalize on federal and state investments in areas of critical national needs. Building the Arkansas Innovation Economy: Summary of a Symposium includes both efforts to strengthen existing industries as well as specific new technology focus areas such as nanotechnology, stem cells, and energy in order to better understand program goals, challenges, and accomplishments. As a part of this review, the committee is convening a series of public workshops and symposia involving responsible local, state, and federal officials and other stakeholders. These meetings and symposia will enable an exchange of views, information, experience, and analysis to identify best practice in the range of programs and incentives adopted. Drawing from discussions at these symposia, fact-finding meetings, and commissioned analyses of existing state and regional programs and technology focus areas, the committee will subsequently produce a final report with findings and recommendations focused on lessons, issues, and opportunities for complementary U.S. policies created by these state and regional initiatives. Since 1991, the National Research Council, under the auspices of the Board on Science, Technology, and Economic Policy, has undertaken a program of activities to improve policymakers' understandings of the interconnections of science, technology, and economic policy and their importance for the American economy and its international competitive position. The Board's activities have corresponded with increased policy recognition of the importance of knowledge and technology to economic growth. One important element of STEP's analysis concerns the growth and impact of foreign technology programs.1 U.S. competitors have launched substantial programs to support new technologies, small firm development, and consortia among large and small firms to strengthen national and regional positions in strategic sectors. Some governments overseas have chosen to provide public support to innovation to overcome the market imperfections apparent in their national innovation systems. They believe that the rising costs and risks associated with new potentially high-payoff technologies, and the growing global dispersal of technical expertise, underscore the need for national R&D programs to support new and existing high-technology firms within their borders.

Studies on China s Special Economic Zones

Studies on China s Special Economic Zones Book
Author : Yiming Yuan
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-03-15
ISBN : 9811037043
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book offers an authoritative study on special economic zones in China. With articles from economic experts and scholars, the scope of the book includes new theories, methods and discoveries in the field of special economic zone studies. It foscuses on discussing recent advances in the area, including research on current industrial upgrade and transformation, the development patterns of special economic zones, innovation construction and special-economic-zone system innovation. It offers a valuable data source for economics undergraduates and postgraduates, economics researchers at social science institutions and government officals.

Chinese Migration and Economic Relations with Europe

Chinese Migration and Economic Relations with Europe Book
Author : Marco Sanfilippo,Agnieszka Weinar
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-11-03
ISBN : 1317592409
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book explores how far existing networks of overseas Chinese and new flows of migrants act as drivers of economic relations between China and the host countries. It considers migration, trade, the flow of capital, and foreign direct investment, includes both skilled and unskilled migrants, and outlines the complex different waves of migration flows. It includes detailed case studies, based on extensive original research, on the position in a range of European countries, and concludes with policy-oriented analysis and with an overall assessment of how far the Chinese diaspora matters in stimulating increased bilateral economic activity and stronger bilateral economic relationships.

The China Business Model

The China Business Model Book
Author : Elisabeth Paulet,Chris Rowley
Publisher : Chandos Publishing
Release : 2017-01-17
ISBN : 0081007574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The China Business Model: Originality and Limits emphasizes transformation of the Chinese Business Model over the last decades. The impact of the financial crisis on China helps the reader understand its evolution towards capitalism. Topics covered include CSR, leadership, and management in China, how do these organizations impact the performance of companies, the financing policy of Chinese firms and its evolution till the slowdown, finance and business in China, and how could the banking sector and/or the financial markets help the development of Chinese companies? Helps the reader understand the impact of the financial crisis on China and its evolution towards capitalism Contains coverage of CSR, leadership, and management in China Answers the question "how can financial markets help the development of Chinese companies?"

Party Hegemony and Entrepreneurial Power in China

Party Hegemony and Entrepreneurial Power in China Book
Author : Elena Meyer-Clement
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2015-09-16
ISBN : 1317423321
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Economic liberalisation processes and the rapid development of the private sector are widely visible signs of over thirty years of reform policies in the People’s Republic of China. Nevertheless, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has managed to preserve the basic political institutions of the Leninist Party-state, including its own unrestrained position of political power. Against this background, this book investigates the interrelationship between processes of marketisation and commercialisation, and the stability of the CCP regime. The aim of the book is to complement existing literature on adaptive governance in China and on the reasons for the CCP regime’s relative stability, while providing new information about the relationship between the Chinese party-state and private entrepreneurs. Taking case studies from the film and music industries, the book gives a detailed account of the political and economic history of these industries in China, with special attention given to the role played by private production companies as intermediaries between artistic creation, political and ideological constraints, and the market. A historical institutionalist approach is employed to trace the effect of Chinese policies on popular culture and the institutions of administrative, economic, political and ideological control over the film and music industries back to the 1950s, revealing the mechanisms and prospects of CCP hegemony in the cultural sector. Examining the effects of the marketisation and commercialisation processes on the communist regime and vice versa, this book also offers a fresh perspective on the origins of today’s Chinese popular cultural mainstream. It will therefore be of great interest to students and scholars of Chinese politics, Chinese culture and media and Chinese government-business relations.

The Way of Building Human Capital in China

The Way of Building Human Capital in China Book
Author : Małgorzata Wróblewska
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The current global economic expansion aims to strengthen China's economy and its economic and political system both domestically and internationally. The recommendations of the PRC authorities are unequivocally expressed in propaganda slogans published in the media. The slogans suggest that people seek to compete with each other in business and science, to create thriving businesses, and to develop their own careers. To this end, people should be educated. The educated human capital is to provide the PRC with a high competitive advantage in the high-technology industry and support the development of the innovative knowledge-based service field. In order to achieve this, a balanced support for the education of young people both in the humanities and in the sciences is required. Therefore, the ideas outlined in the following paper refer to concepts based on human capital and its impact on the innovativeness of the economy. The purpose of this publication is an attempt to identify selected determinants of human capital development, the quality of which influences the innovativeness of the economy of the People's Republic of China. Among the most important are the education and activities undertaken by the PRC authorities. It is, according to the authors, human capital that could develop faster when surrounded by the innovation economy and if a number of reforms were undertaken to improve human capital's quality. In order to verify this thesis, studies of subject literature were conducted, and selected analyses in education and innovation were conducted.