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Chickpea Crop Wild Relatives For Enhancing Genetic Gains

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Chickpea Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains

Chickpea  Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains Book
Author : Mohar Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-02-29
ISBN : 0128183004
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chickpea: Crop Wild Relatives for Enhancing Genetic Gains explores aspects related to critical analysis on factors responsible for narrow genetic base of chickpea productions including domestication bottleneck, the level of diversity present in different cultivated and wild species, the uniqueness and usefulness of potential gene sources available and maintained in production systems across the globe, the level of genetic erosion both at landrace and species level over time and space etc. Despite considerable international investment in conventional breeding, production of chickpea has not yet been significantly improved beyond that achieved through its normal single domestication event and high self-pollination rate. Total annual pulse production of ~12 million tons (FAO 2016) is far below actual potential. Susceptibility to both biotic and abiotic stresses have created a production level bottleneck whose solution possibly lies in the use of crop wild relatives and other genetic traits cultivated by tailoring novel germplasm. Presenting options for widening the genetic base of chickpea cultivars by introgression of diverse genes available in distantly related wild Cicer taxa, thus expanding the genetic base and maximize genetic gains from the selection, it is necessary to accumulate other complimentary alleles from CWRs. This review will focus on present status of gene pool and species distribution, germplasm conservation, characterization and evaluation, problems associated with crop production, sources of target traits available in wild species, status of trait introgression in synthesizing new gene pool of chickpea along with progress made in chickpea genomics. An edited book with contributions from leading scientists, this information will guide and inform chickpea breeders, PGR researchers and crop biologists across the world. Presents both conventional and emerging techniques Provides insights into gene pyramiding as cytogenic manipulations Includes case studies highlighting the impact of improving chickpea production

Lentils

Lentils Book
Author : Mohar Singh
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2018-08-10
ISBN : 0128135239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Lentils: Potential Resources for Enhancing Genetic Gains describes the evolutionary aspects and agronomic potential of this important pulse with emphasis placed on wide hybridization, including molecular aspects and future breeding strategies. The existing variability among cultivated germplasm has been exploited to reach a desirable level of productivity. However, to attain further breakthroughs in increasing yield and improving stability in future cultivars, new sources of genes/alleles need to be identified and incorporated into cultivated varieties. This book provides specific use information, including wild lentil germplasm utilization, thus allowing for the selection of transgressive interspecific recombinants that can be adapted to specific environments. Identifies breeding resources and the agronomic value assessed for specific traits of interest Presents marker assisted breeding work and genomic resources Describes strategies for wild lentils using wide hybridization Features key breeding strategies

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Pulse Crops

Genomic Designing of Climate Smart Pulse Crops Book
Author : Chittaranjan Kole
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 3319969323
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the concepts, strategies and techniques for pulse-crop improvement in the era of climate change, highlighting the latest advances in plant molecular mapping and genome sequencing. Genetic mapping of genes and QTLs has broadened the scope of marker-assisted breeding and map-based cloning in almost all major pulse crops. Genetic transformation, particularly using alien genes conferring resistance to herbicide, insects and diseases has facilitated the development of a huge number of genetically modified varieties of the major pulse crops. Since the genome sequencing of rice in 2002, genomes of over 7 pulse crops have been sequenced. This has resulted in the possibility of deciphering the exact nucleotide sequence and chromosomal positions of agroeconomic genes. Most importantly, comparative genomics and genotyping-by-sequencing has opened up a new vista for exploring wild crop relatives for identification of useful donor genes.

Accelerated Plant Breeding Volume 3

Accelerated Plant Breeding  Volume 3 Book
Author : Satbir Singh Gosal,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-09-09
ISBN : 3030473066
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant improvement has shifted its focus from yield, quality and disease resistance to factors that will enhance commercial export, such as early maturity, shelf life and better processing quality. Conventional plant breeding methods aiming at the improvement of a self-pollinating crop, such as wheat, usually take 10-12 years to develop and release of the new variety. During the past 10 years, significant advances have been made and accelerated methods have been developed for precision breeding and early release of crop varieties. This work summarizes concepts dealing with germplasm enhancement and development of improved varieties based on innovative methodologies that include doubled haploidy, marker assisted selection, marker assisted background selection, genetic mapping, genomic selection, high-throughput genotyping, high-throughput phenotyping, mutation breeding, reverse breeding, transgenic breeding, shuttle breeding, speed breeding, low cost high-throughput field phenotyping, etc. It is an important reference with special focus on accelerated development of improved crop varieties.

Broadening the Genetic Base of Grain Legumes

Broadening the Genetic Base of Grain Legumes Book
Author : Mohar Singh,Ishwari Singh Bisht,Manoranjan Dutta
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-28
ISBN : 8132220234
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Grain legumes play significant and diverse role in the farming systems and provide nutrition security to the largely vegetarian and relatively poorer people around the world. These are ideal crops for achieving three simultaneous developmental goals viz. reducing poverty, improving human health and nutrition and enhancing ecosystem resilience. Globally, grain legumes are the second most important crop group next only to cereals but a large proportion of area of it is under rainfed-low input systems as compared to cereals contributing to lower yields. The other important factor responsible for reduced yield in grain legumes is the narrow genetic base of the present day pulse varieties. In order to break the yield barriers of these cultivars, new sources of genes/ alleles need to be identified and suitably incorporated into the adapted background. The information on various aspects of grain legume improvement although has been considerable in the recent past, these information are highly scattered and not available at one place. The present book consists of comprehensive and latest crop-wise information on important grain legumes of the world including their distribution, gene pool, systematics, status of genetic and genomic resources, production constraints, traits of importance, crop improvement methodologies - both conventional as well as contemporary and future strategies to be adopted for comprehensive grain legume improvement in various agro-ecological target areas of the globe. The chapters have been contributed by eminent crop experts from across the world engaged in research in their respective crops for the past several years thus providing a rare insight into the crop specific constraints and prospects drawing from their rich overall experience. The book therefore will be a useful source of information to the grain legume researchers, students, policy planners and developmental experts alike.

The Chickpea Genome

The Chickpea Genome Book
Author : Rajeev K. Varshney,Mahendar Thudi,Fred Muehlbauer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-02
ISBN : 3319661175
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book sheds new light on the chickpea genome sequencing and resequencing of chickpea germplasm lines and provides insights into classical genetics, cytogenetics, and trait mapping. It also offers an overview of the latest advances in genome sequencing and analysis. The growing human population, rapid climate changes and limited amounts of arable land are creating substantial challenges in connection with the availability and affordability of nutritious food for smallholder farmers in developing countries. In this context, climate smart crops are essential to alleviating the hunger of the millions of poor and undernourished people living in developing countries. In addition to cereals, grain legumes are an integral part of the human diet and provide sustainable income for smallholder farmers in the arid and semi-arid regions of the world. Among grain legumes, the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) is the second most important in terms of production and productivity. Besides being a rich source of proteins, it can fix atmospheric nitrogen through symbiosis with rhizobia and increase the input of combined nitrogen. Several abiotic stresses like drought, heat, salinity, together with biotic stresses like Fusarium wilt, Ascochyta blight, and Botrytis grey mould have led to production losses, as the chickpeas is typically grown in the harsh climates of our planet’s semi-arid regions.

Legume Genetics and Biology

Legume Genetics and Biology Book
Author : Petr Smýkal,Eric J. Bishop von Wettberg,Kevin McPhee
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-12-29
ISBN : 3039368125
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Legumes have played an important part as human food and animal feed in cropping systems since the dawn of agriculture. The legume family is arguably one of the most abundantly domesticated crop plant families. Their ability to symbiotically fix nitrogen and improve soil fertility has been rewarded since antiquity and makes them a key protein source. Pea was the original model organism used in Mendel´s discovery of the laws of inheritance, making it the foundation of modern plant genetics. This book based on Special Issue provides up-to-date information on legume biology, genetic advances, and the legacy of Mendel.

Accelerating Genetic Gains in Pulses

Accelerating Genetic Gains in Pulses Book
Author : Aditya Pratap,Patricia L. Polowick,Matthew W. Blair,Shiv Kumar,Michael Baum
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2022-04-29
ISBN : 2889760421
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Accelerating Genetic Gains in Pulses book written by Aditya Pratap,Patricia L. Polowick,Matthew W. Blair,Shiv Kumar,Michael Baum, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants Book
Author : Muhammad Tehseen Azhar,Shabir Hussain Wani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2021-03-15
ISBN : 0128221704
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Wild Germplasm for Genetic Improvement in Crop Plants addresses the need for an integrated reference on a wide variety of crop plants, facilitating comparison and contrast, as well as providing relevant relationships for future research and development. The book presents the genetic and natural history value of wild relatives, covers what wild relatives exist, explores the existing knowledge regarding specific relatives and the research surrounding them and identifies knowledge gaps. As understanding the role of crop wild relatives in plant breeding expands the genetic pool for abiotic and biotic stress resistance, this is an ideal reference on this important topic. Provides a single-volume resource to important crops for accessible comparison and research Explores both conventional and molecular approaches to breeding for targeted traits and allows for expanded genetic variability Guides the development of hybrids for germplasm with increased tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses

Crop Wild Relatives and Climate Change

Crop Wild Relatives and Climate Change Book
Author : Robert J. Redden,Shyam Singh Yadav,Nigel Maxted,Mohammad Ehsan Dulloo,Luigi Guarino,Paul Smith
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-09-01
ISBN : 1118854373
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Two major challenges to continued global food security are the ever increasing demand for food products, and the unprecedented abiotic stresses that crops face due to climate change.Wild relatives of domesticated crops serve as a reservoir of genetic material, with the potential to be used to develop new, improved varieties of crops. Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change integrates crop evolution, breeding technologies and biotechnologies, improved practices and sustainable approaches while exploring the role wild relatives could play in increasing agricultural output. Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change begins with overviews of the impacts of climate change on growing environments and the challenges that agricultural production face in coming years and decades. Chapters then explore crop evolution and the potential for crop wild relatives to contribute novel genetic resources to the breeding of more resilient and productive crops. Breeding technologies and biotechnological advances that are being used to incorporate key genetic traits of wild relatives into crop varieties are also covered. There is also a valuable discussion on the importance of conserving genetic resources to ensure continued successful crop production. A timely resource, Crop Wild Relative and Climate Change will be an invaluable resource for the crop science community for years to come.

Chickpea Breeding and Management

Chickpea Breeding and Management Book
Author : Shyam S. Yadav,W. Chen
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2007
ISBN : 1845932137
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The chickpea is an ancient crop that is still important in both developed and developing nations. This authoritative account by international experts covers all aspects of chickpea breeding and management, and the integrated pest management and biotechnology applications that are important to its improvement. With topics covered including origin and taxonomy, ecology, distribution and genetics, this book combines the many and varied research issues impacting on production and utilization of the chickpea crop on its journey from paddock to plate.

Proceedings of the FAO International Symposium on the Role of Agricultural Biotechnologies in Sustainable Food Systems and Nutrition

Proceedings of the FAO International Symposium on the Role of Agricultural Biotechnologies in Sustainable Food Systems and Nutrition Book
Author : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher : Food & Agriculture Org.
Release : 2019-01-31
ISBN : 925109330X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The FAO international symposium on “The role of agricultural biotechnologies in sustainable food systems and nutrition” took place from 15 to 17 February 2016 at FAO headquarters, Rome. Over 400 people attended, including 230 delegates from 75 member countries and the European Union, as well as representatives of intergovernmental organizations, private sector entities, civil society organizations, academia/research organizations and producer organizations/cooperatives. The symposium encompassed the crop, livestock, forestry and fishery sectors and was organized around three main themes: i) climate change; ii) sustainable food systems and nutrition; and iii) people, policies, institutions and communities. The proceedings provide the main highlights of the symposium which covered a broad range of biotechnologies, from low-tech approaches such as those involving use of microbial fermentation processes, biofertilizers, biopesticides and artificial insemination, to high-tech approaches suc h as those involving advanced DNA-based methodologies and genetically modified organisms. The full report has been divided into sections and individual chapters for ease of downloading: Introduction to the Proceedings Chapter 1. Opening plenary session Chapter 2. High-level ministerial session Chapter 3. Parallel sessions: Climate change Chapter 4. Parallel sessions: Sustainable food systems and nutrition Chapter 5. Parallel sessions: People, policies, institutions and communities Chapter 6. Student interactive session: Bringing fresh perspectives Chapter 7. Side events: Reports Chapter 8. Final plenary session For more information, visit the webpage http://www.fao.org/about/meetings/agribiotechs-symposium/en/.

Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants

Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants Book
Author : Jaime Prohens,Pietro Gramazio,Mariola Plazas,Laura Toppino
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-11-24
ISBN : 2889716732
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Introgression Breeding in Cultivated Plants book written by Jaime Prohens,Pietro Gramazio,Mariola Plazas,Laura Toppino, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement

Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement Book
Author : Mohar Singh,Hari D. Upadhyaya,I. S. Bisht
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-07-18
ISBN : 0123984947
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Grain legumes, including common-bean, chickpea, pigeonpea, pea, cowpea, lentil and others, form important constituents of global diets, both vegetarian and non-vegetarian. Despite this significant role, global production has increased only marginally in the past 50 years. The slow production growth, along with a rising human population and improved buying capacity has substantially reduced the per capita availability of food legumes. Changes in environmental climate have also had significant impact on production, creating a need to identify stable donors among genetic resources for environmentally robust genes and designing crops resilient to climate change. Genetic and Genomic Resources of Grain Legume Improvement is the first book to bring together the latest resources in plant genetics and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping and allele mining to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains. This book will be an invaluable resource for researchers, crop biologists and students working with crop development. Explores origin, distribution and diversity of grain legumes Presents information on germplasm collection, evaluation and maintenance Offers insight into pre-breeding/germplasm enhancement efforts Integrates genomic and genetic resources in crop improvement Internationally contributed work

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes

Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes Book
Author : Aditya Pratap,Jitendra Kumar
Publisher : CABI
Release : 2011
ISBN : 184593766X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Food legumes are important constituents of the human diet and animal feed where they are crucial to a balanced diet, supplying high quality proteins. These crops also play an important role in low-input agricultural production systems by fixing atmospheric nitrogen. Despite systematic and continuous breeding efforts through conventional methods, substantial genetic gains have not been achieved. With the rise in demand for food legumes/pulses and increased market value of these crops, research has focused on increasing production and improving the quality of pulses for both edible and industrial purposes. "Biology and Breeding of Food Legumes" covers the history, origin and evolution, botany, breeding objectives and procedures, nutritional improvement, industrial uses and post-harvest technology and also recent developments made through biotechnological intervention.

Developing Climate Resilient Grain and Forage Legumes

Developing Climate Resilient Grain and Forage Legumes Book
Author : Uday C Jha
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022-10-07
ISBN : 9811698481
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Developing Climate Resilient Grain and Forage Legumes book written by Uday C Jha, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

The Evolving Role of Genebanks in the Fast developing Field of Molecular Genetics Issues in Genetic Resources No 11 August 2004

The Evolving Role of Genebanks in the Fast developing Field of Molecular Genetics   Issues in Genetic Resources No  11  August 2004 Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Bioversity International
Release : 2022-10-07
ISBN : 9290436239
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Evolving Role of Genebanks in the Fast developing Field of Molecular Genetics Issues in Genetic Resources No 11 August 2004 book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Legumes for Sustainable Intensification

Advances in Legumes for Sustainable Intensification Book
Author : Ram Swaroop Meena,Sandeep Kumar
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-15
ISBN : 0323886000
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Advances in Legume-based Agroecoystem for Sustainable Intensification explores current research and future strategies for ensuring capacity growth and socioeconomic improvement through the utilization of legume crop cultivation and production in the achievement of sustainability development goals (SDGs). Sections cover the role of legumes in addressing issues of food security, improving nitrogen in the environment, environmental sustainability, economic-environmentally optimized systems, the importance and impact of nitrogen, organic production, and biomass potential, legume production, biology, breeding improvement, cropping systems, and the use of legumes for eco-friendly weed management. This book is an important resource for scientists, researchers and advanced students interested in championing the effective utilization of legumes for agronomic and ecological benefit. Focuses on opportunities for agricultural impact and sustainability Presents insights into both agricultural sustainability and eco-intensification Includes the impact of legume production on societal impacts such as health and wealth management

Geneflow 05

Geneflow  05 Book
Author : Ruth D. Raymond
Publisher : Bioversity International
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9290436948
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Geneflow 05 book written by Ruth D. Raymond, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies Legumes

Advances in Plant Breeding Strategies  Legumes Book
Author : Jameel M. Al-Khayri,Shri Mohan Jain,Dennis V. Johnson
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2019-10-08
ISBN : 3030234002
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book examines the development of innovative modern methodologies towards augmenting conventional plant breeding, in individual crops, for the production of new crop varieties under the increasingly limiting environmental and cultivation factors to achieve sustainable agricultural production, enhanced food security, in addition to providing raw materials for innovative industrial products and pharmaceuticals. This is Vol 7, subtitled Legumes, focuses on advances in breeding strategies using both traditional and modern approaches for the improvement of individual legume crops. Included in this volume are Adzuki bean, Black gram, Chickpea Cluster bean, Common bean, Cowpea, Faba bean, Hyacinth bean, Lentil, Mung bean, Pigeonpea and Soybean. This volume is contributed by 57 internationally reputable scientists from 9 countries. Each chapter comprehensively reviews the modern literature on the subject and reflects the authors own experience.