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Chemostratigraphy

Chemostratigraphy Book
Author : Mu Ramkumar
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-02-17
ISBN : 0124199828
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemostratigraphy: Concepts, Techniques, and Applications is the first collection of contributed articles that introduces young geoscientists to the discipline while providing seasoned practitioners with a standard reference that showcases the topic’s most recent research and application developments. This multi-contributed reference on one of the youngest and most dynamic branches of the geosciences includes articles from some of the world’s leading researchers. This book is a one-stop source of chemostratigraphy theory and application, helping geoscientists navigate through the wealth of new research that has emerged in recent years. Edited by one of the world’s foremost chemostratigraphy experts Features contributed articles from a broad base of topics including stratigraphic correlation, hydrocarbon exploration, reservoir characterization, and paleo-climatic interpretation Includes a range of application-based case studies addressing spatio-temporal scales for practical, field-specific concepts

Principles of Elemental Chemostratigraphy

Principles of Elemental Chemostratigraphy Book
Author : Neil Craigie
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-01-11
ISBN : 3319712160
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book provides the reader with a comprehensive understanding of the applications of chemostratigraphy. The first chapter of the book offers an introduction to the technique. This is followed by a chapter detailing sample preparation and analytical techniques. Chapter 3 focuses on the techniques utilised to establish the mineralogical affinities of elements, while the general principles of how to build a chemostratigraphic scheme are covered in Chapter 4. Chapters 5, 6 and 7 provide information on the applications of chemostratigraphy to clastic, carbonate and unconventional reservoirs respectively, and various case studies are presented. Wellsite applications, a discussion and conclusion section form the latter part of the book. The book will appeal to graduate and post graduate students of geology and professionals working in the hydrocarbon sector as a key reference text in chemostratigraphy.

Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries

Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries Book
Author : Alcides N. Sial,Claudio Gaucher,Muthuvairavasamy Ramkumar,Valderez Pinto Ferreira
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-13
ISBN : 1119382556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exploring environmental changes through Earth’s geological history using chemostratigraphy Chemostratigraphy is the study of the chemical characteristics of different rock layers. Decoding this geochemical record across chronostratigraphic boundaries can provide insights into geological history, past climates, and sedimentary processes. Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries presents state-of-the-art applications of chemostratigraphic methods and demonstrates how chemical signatures can decipher past environmental conditions. Volume highlights include: Presents a global perspective on chronostratigraphic boundaries Describes how different proxies can reveal distinct elemental and isotopic events in the geologic past Examines the Archaean-Paleoproterozoic, Proterozoic-Paleozoic, Paleozoic-Mesozoic, and Mesozoic-Paleogene boundaries Explores cause-and-effect through major, trace, PGE, and REE elemental, stable, and radiogenic isotopes Offers solutions to persistent chemostratigraphic problems on a micro-global scale Geared toward academic and researchgeoscientists, particularly in the fields of sedimentary petrology, stratigraphy, isotope geology, geochemistry, petroleum geology, atmospheric science, oceanography, climate change and environmental science, Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries offers invaluable insights into environmental evolution and climatic change.

Stratigraphy

Stratigraphy Book
Author : Jacques Rey,Simone Galeotti,Comité français de stratigraphie
Publisher : Editions TECHNIP
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9782710809104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book, written by 33 stratigraphic experts, presents various processes available which will enable the location in time of all rock types: sedimentary, metamorphic, plutonic, and eruptive, whether they are in outcrop or at subsurface. The terminology and the appropriate practices for each method are presented in separate chapters and illustrated with concrete examples. The order of the chapters is modeled on the progression of the stratigraphic process, from the descriptive to the interpretative, from the methods of the geometric stratigraphy (lithostratigraphy and genetic stratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy) to the chronological stratigraphy (biostratigraphy), followed by the chronometric stratigraphy (isotopic geochronology). The final two chapters are dedicated to chronostratigraphic units and correlations which combine the contributions of various methods and to the presentation of the 2007 version of the Geological Time Scale. The definitions of stratigraphic terms can be found in a glossary at the end of the work. The book is addressed to all professional geologists, from the industrial sector as well as those in universities, including teachers and researchers who would like to deepen their knowledge of the vocabulary, the concepts, the methods and the practical applications of different approaches of stratigraphy, a reference discipline for the entirety of the geological sciences.

Early and Middle Cambrian Carbon and Strontium Isotopic Chemostratigraphy and the Influence of Bioturbation on the Carbon Cycle

Early and Middle Cambrian Carbon and Strontium Isotopic Chemostratigraphy and the Influence of Bioturbation on the Carbon Cycle Book
Author : Eric John Fermann
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The early Cambrian evolutionary development of animals capable of significant bioturbation may have affected the burial efficiency of organic carbon in marine sediments. Late early Cambrian shelf sediments contain evidence of a significant increase in the intensity and depth of bioturbation. delta 13C values in similar aged sediments show decreases in the frequency and amplitude of variability, as well as a shift to lower average isotopic values, consistent with a reduction in the mass fraction of organic carbon (Xorg) preserved in marine sediments.

Applied Techniques to Integrated Oil and Gas Reservoir Characterization

Applied Techniques to Integrated Oil and Gas Reservoir Characterization Book
Author : Enwenode Onajite
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-04-09
ISBN : 0128172371
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past several years, there has been a growing integration of data – geophysical, geological, petrophysical, engineering-related, and production-related – in predicting and determining reservoir properties. As such, geoscientists now must learn the technology, processes, and challenges involved within their specific functions in order to optimize planning for oil field development. Applied Techniques to Integrated Oil and Gas Reservoir Characterization presents challenging questions encountered by geoscientists in their day-to-day work in the exploration and development of oil and gas fields and provides potential solutions from experts. From basin analysis of conventional and unconventional reservoirs, to seismic attributes analysis, NMR for reservoir characterization, amplitude versus offset (AVO), well-to-seismic tie, seismic inversion studies, rock physics, pore pressure prediction, and 4D for reservoir monitoring, the text examines challenges in the industry as well as the techniques used to overcome those challenges. This book includes valuable contributions from global industry experts: Brian Schulte (Schiefer Reservoir Consulting), Dr. Neil W. Craigie (Saudi Aramco), Matthijs van der Molen (Shell International E&P), Dr. Fred W. Schroeder (ExxonMobil, retired), Dr. Tharwat Hassane (Schlumberger & BP, retired), and others. Presents a thorough understanding of the requirements of various disciplines in characterizing a wide spectrum of reservoirs Includes real-life problems and challenging questions encountered by geoscientists in their day-to-day work, along with answers from experts working in the field Provides an integrated approach among different disciplines (geology, geophysics, petrophysics, and petroleum engineering) Offers advice from industry experts to geoscience students, including career guides and interview tips

The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations

The Geological Record of Neoproterozoic Glaciations Book
Author : Emmanuelle Arnaud,Galen P. Halverson,Graham Shields-Zhou
Publisher : Geological Society of London
Release : 2011
ISBN : 9781862393349
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, interest in Neoproterozoic glaciations has grown as their pivotal role in Earth system evolution has become increasingly clear. One of the main goals of the IGCP Project number 512 was to produce a synthesis of newly available information on Neoproterozoic successions worldwide. This Memoir consists of a series of overview chapters followed by site-specific chapters. The overviews cover key topics including the history of research on Neoproterozoic glaciations, identification of glacial deposits, chemostratigraphic techniques and datasets, palaeomagnetism, biostratigraphy, geochronology and climate modelling. The site specific chapters include reviews of the history of research on these rocks and up-to-date syntheses of the structural framework, tectonic setting, palaeomagnetic & geochronological constraints, physical, biological, and chemical stratigraphy, and descriptions of the glaciogenic and associated strata, including economic deposits.

New Insights into the Stratigraphic Setting of Paleozoic to Miocene Deposits

New Insights into the Stratigraphic Setting of Paleozoic to Miocene Deposits Book
Author : Gemma Aiello
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2019-05-29
ISBN : 1838804439
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book contains four chapters dealing with the investigation of facies analysis and paleoecology, chemostratigraphy, and chronostratigraphy referring to paleoecological and facies analysis techniques and methodologies. The chapters pertain in particular to Oligo-Miocene carbonate succession of the Persian Gulf (Asmari Formation), the chemostratigraphy of Paleozoic carbonates of Peninsular Malaysia through the integration of stratigraphic, sedimentologic, and geochemical data, and the chronostratigraphy of a small ice-dammed paleolake in Andorra (Spain), applying fast Fourier transform analysis, resulting in 6th-order stratigraphic cycles, which have outlined the occurrence of system tracts and unconformities controlled by glacio-eustasy. The chapters are separated into four main sections: (1) introduction; (2) facies analysis and paleoecology; (3) chemostratigraphy; and (4) chronostratigraphy. There is one chapter in the first section introducing the stratigraphic setting of Paleozoic to Miocene deposits based on different stratigraphic methodologies, including facies analysis, paleoecology, chemostratigraphy, and chronostratigraphy. In the second section, there is one chapter dealing with the Oligocene-Miocene Asmari Formation, allowing for the recognition of several depositional environments based on sedimentological analysis, distribution of foraminifera, and micropaleontological study. In the third section, there is one chapter aimed at addressing research on the chemostratigraphy of cores, allowing for a significant increase of the stratigraphic knowledge existing on the Kinta Valley (Malaysia), coupled with extensive fieldwork on Paleozoic carbonates. In the fourth section, there is a chapter dealing with the high-resolution chronostratigraphic setting of a paleolake located in Andorra (Spain) and the inference with the MIS2 isotopic stage of Atlantic and Mediterranean regions in the regional geological setting of the southeastern Pyrenees.

Application of Modern Stratigraphic Techniques

Application of Modern Stratigraphic Techniques Book
Author : Kenneth Ratcliffe,Brian A. Zaitlin
Publisher : SEPM Soc for Sed Geology
Release : 2010
ISBN : 1565761995
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Application of Modern Stratigraphic Techniques book written by Kenneth Ratcliffe,Brian A. Zaitlin, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy

Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy Book
Author : Michael Montenari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-10-30
ISBN : 0128209925
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Carbon Isotope Stratigraphy, Volume Five in the Advances in Sequence Stratigraphy series, covers research in stratigraphic disciplines, including the most recent developments in the geosciences. This fully commissioned review publication aims to foster and convey progress in stratigraphy with its inclusion of a variety of topics, including Carbon isotope stratigraphy - principles and applications, Interpreting Phanerozoic d13C patterns as periodic glacio-eustatic sequences, Stable carbon isotopes in archaeological plant remains, Review of the Upper Ediacaran-Lower Cambrian Detrital Series in Central and North Iberia: NE Africa as possible Source Area, Calibrating d13C and d18O chemostratigraphic correlations across Cambrian strata of SW, and much more. Contains contributions from leading authorities in the field Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Aims to foster and convey progress in stratigraphy, including geochronology, magnetostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, event-stratigraphy, and more

Terrestrial Depositional Systems

Terrestrial Depositional Systems Book
Author : Kate E. Zeigler,William Parker
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-05-25
ISBN : 0128032448
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Terrestrial Depositional Systems: Deciphering Complexities through Multiple Stratigraphic Methods is the first collection of contributed articles that not only introduces young geoscientists to biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and lithostratigraphy, but also provides seasoned practitioners with a standard reference that showcases the topic’s most recent developments in research and application. When studying complex depositional systems, scientists often need to rely on more than one stratigraphic technique to truly understand the sequence of historical events. Through a blend of specific analytical techniques, experiments, sampling methods, and working examples, this book provides a practical reference for addressing a range of depositional system challenges. This multi-contributed reference combines reviews of stratigraphic methods with individual case studies, providing readers with a broad scope of techniques that will aid their work in the interpretation and understanding of complex depositional systems. Offers multi-contributed expertise in biostratigraphy, chemostratigraphy, magnetostratigraphy, and lithostratigraphy, ensuring a thorough, yet topical coverage Features case studies in each chapter that underscore the range of applications of individual stratigraphic methods Provides detailed explanations of different analyses, data collection methods, and sampling techniques, making the content immediately implementable Includes more than 100 illustrations, figures, and photographs that provide visual representations of core concepts

Neoproterozoic Cambrian Tectonics Global Change and Evolution

Neoproterozoic Cambrian Tectonics  Global Change and Evolution Book
Author : Claudio Gaucher,Alcides N. Sial,Galen P. Halverson,Hartwig E. Frimmel
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2009-10-20
ISBN : 9780080932774
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with the record of important Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic events in southwestern Gondwana, that heralded the Cambrian explosion and the dawn of modern ecosystems. It contains a detailed account of the Neoproterozoic to Cambrian geological record in a poorly-known part of the world, which is at the same time key to understand fundamental processes at the Proterozoic-Cambrian transition. The emphasis is placed on litho-, bio-, chemostratigraphy and magmatism. The palaeoclimatic, tectonic, evolutionary radiation and extinction events and associated mineralizations will be identified and discussed. A synthesis of all data is provided at the end of the book, integrating the data from all cratons and fold belts in southwestern Gondwana. The events will be individualized, their impact discussed and correlations between different successions both within and outside Gondwana proposed. The book is organized in three sections. Section one is an introduction to the neoproterozoic and Cambrian seen as a time of upheavals, extremes and innovations. Section two comprises nineteen chapters dealing with the neoproterozoic-Cambrian events in southwestern Gondwana. Section three will provide a synthesis on every major topic, and a critical assessment of the global implications of the presented data. * The book deals with the record of important Neoproterozoic to Early Palaeozoic events in southwestern Gondwana, that heralded the Cambrian explosion and the dawn of modern ecosystems. It contains a detailed account of the Neoproterozoic to Cambrian geological record in a poorly-known part of the world, which is at the same time key to understand fundamental processes at the Proterozoic-Cambrian transition. The emphasis is placed on litho-, bio-, chemostratigraphy and magmatism.

OUTCROP CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHIC CORRELATION OF THE UPPER GREEN RIVER FORMATION IN THE UINTA BASIN UTAH MAHOGANY OIL SHALE ZONE TO THE UINTA FORMATION

OUTCROP CHEMOSTRATIGRAPHIC CORRELATION OF THE UPPER GREEN RIVER FORMATION IN THE UINTA BASIN  UTAH    MAHOGANY OIL SHALE ZONE TO THE UINTA FORMATION Book
Author : Dave Keighley
Publisher : Utah Geological Survey
Release : 2013-05-01
ISBN : 1557918759
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Green River Formation of the Uinta Basin in eastern Utah is host to not only one of the world's largest oil shale deposits, primarily in the Mahogany oil shale zone, but it also contains significant conventional oil and gas reserves in interfingering sand bodies that grade into the laterally equivalent Colton and Wasatch Formations.

Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries

Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries Book
Author : Alcides N. Sial,Claudio Gaucher,Muthuvairavasamy Ramkumar,Valderez Pinto Ferreira
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-12-18
ISBN : 1119382483
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Winner of the 2020 PROSE Award for Earth Science! Exploring environmental changes through Earth’s geological history using chemostratigraphy Chemostratigraphy is the study of the chemical characteristics of different rock layers. Decoding this geochemical record across chronostratigraphic boundaries can provide insights into geological history, past climates, and sedimentary processes. Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries presents state-of-the-art applications of chemostratigraphic methods and demonstrates how chemical signatures can decipher past environmental conditions. Volume highlights include: Presents a global perspective on chronostratigraphic boundaries Describes how different proxies can reveal distinct elemental and isotopic events in the geologic past Examines the Archaean-Paleoproterozoic, Proterozoic-Paleozoic, Paleozoic-Mesozoic, and Mesozoic-Paleogene boundaries Explores cause-and-effect through major, trace, PGE, and REE elemental, stable, and radiogenic isotopes Offers solutions to persistent chemostratigraphic problems on a micro-global scale Geared toward academic and researchgeoscientists, particularly in the fields of sedimentary petrology, stratigraphy, isotope geology, geochemistry, petroleum geology, atmospheric science, oceanography, climate change and environmental science, Chemostratigraphy Across Major Chronological Boundaries offers invaluable insights into environmental evolution and climatic change. Read the Editors' Vox: https://eos.org/editors-vox/unravelling-the-past-using-elements-and-isotopes

Case Studies in Isotope Stratigraphy

Case Studies in Isotope Stratigraphy Book
Author : Michael Montenari
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-11-10
ISBN : 0128175532
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Case Studies in Isotope Stratigraphy, Volume Four in the Advances in Sequence Stratigraphy series, covers current research across many stratigraphic disciplines, providing information on the most recent developments for the geoscientific research community. This fully commissioned review publication aims to foster and convey progress in stratigraphy, including geochronology, magnetostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, event-stratigraphy, isotope stratigraphy, astrochronology, climatostratigraphy, seismic stratigraphy, biostratigraphy, ice core chronology, cyclostratigraphy, paleoceanography, sequence stratigraphy, and more. Contains contributions from leading authorities in the field Informs and updates on all the latest developments in the field Aims to foster and convey progress in stratigraphy, including geochronology, magnetostratigraphy, lithostratigraphy, event-stratigraphy, and more

The Anthropocene as a Geological Time Unit

The Anthropocene as a Geological Time Unit Book
Author : Jan Zalasiewicz,Colin N. Waters,Mark Williams,Colin P. Summerhayes
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-03-07
ISBN : 110847523X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews the evidence underpinning the Anthropocene as a geological epoch written by the Anthropocene Working Group investigating it. The book discusses ongoing changes to the Earth system within the context of deep geological time, allowing a comparison between the global transition taking place today with major transitions in Earth history.

Geologic Time Scale 2020

Geologic Time Scale 2020 Book
Author : Felix M. Gradstein,James G. Ogg,Mark D. Schmitz,Gabi M. Ogg
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020
ISBN : 0128243619
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Geologic Time Scale 2020 (2 volume set) contains contributions from 80+ leading scientists who present syntheses in an easy-to-understand format that includes numerous color charts, maps and photographs. In addition to detailed overviews of chronostratigraphy, evolution, geochemistry, sequence stratigraphy and planetary geology, the GTS2020 volumes have separate chapters on each geologic period with compilations of the history of divisions, the current GSSPs (global boundary stratotypes), detailed bio-geochem-sequence correlation charts, and derivation of the age models. The authors are on the forefront of chronostratigraphic research and initiatives surrounding the creation of an international geologic time scale. The included charts display the most up-to-date, international standard as ratified by the International Commission on Stratigraphy and the International Union of Geological Sciences. As the framework for deciphering the history of our planet Earth, this book is essential for practicing Earth Scientists and academics. • Completely updated geologic time scale • Provides the most detailed integrated geologic time scale available that compiles and synthesize information in one reference • Gives insights on the construction, strengths and limitations of the geological time scale that greatly enhances its function and its utility

Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program

Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program Book
Author : Ocean Drilling Program
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program book written by Ocean Drilling Program, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Carboniferous Hydrocarbon Geology

Carboniferous Hydrocarbon Geology Book
Author : John David Collinson
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2005
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Carboniferous Hydrocarbon Geology book written by John David Collinson, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.