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Chemosensory Transduction

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Chemosensory Transduction

Chemosensory Transduction Book
Author : Frank Zufall,Steven D. Munger
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2016-02-18
ISBN : 0128017864
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Written by leaders in the field of chemosensation, Chemosensory Transduction provides a comprehensive resource for understanding the molecular mechanisms that allow animals to detect their chemical world. The text focuses on mammals, but also includes several chapters on chemosensory transduction mechanisms in lower vertebrates and insects. This book examines transduction mechanisms in the olfactory, taste, and somatosensory (chemesthetic) systems as well as in a variety of internal sensors that are responsible for homeostatic regulation of the body. Chapters cover such topics as social odors in mammals, vertebrate and invertebrate olfactory receptors, peptide signaling in taste and gut nutrient sensing. Includes a foreword by preeminent olfactory scientist Stuart Firestein, Chair of Columbia University’s Department of Biological Sciences in New York, NY. Chemosensory Transduction describes state-of-the-art approaches and key findings related to the study of the chemical senses. Thus, it serves as the go-to reference for this subject for practicing scientists and students with backgrounds in sensory biology and/or neurobiology. The volume will also be valuable for industry researchers engaged in the design or testing of flavors, fragrances, foods and/or pharmaceuticals. Provides a comprehensive overview for all chemosensory transduction mechanisms Valuable for academics focused on sensory biology, neurobiology, and chemosensory transduction, as well as industry researchers in new flavor, fragrance, and food testing Edited by leading experts in the field of olfactory transduction Focuses on mammals, but lower vertebrates and invertebrate model systems are also included

Signal Transduction

Signal Transduction Book
Author : Gerard Meurant
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2012-12-02
ISBN : 0323139124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An explosion of information has occurred over the past few years in the field of signal transduction. As information form prokaryotes and eukaryotes has accumulated, it has become evident that diverse sensory systems share common mechanistic themes. This volume reviews our the current knowledge of molecular mechanisms for sensory transduction in a variety of microbial systems, as well as elegant work done in nematodes and Drosophila. Signal Transduction is intended for both researchers studying microbial systems and investigators and students of signal transduction in more complex organisms, who can learn from the paradigms and mechanisms conserved between prokaryotes and eukaryotes.

Chemosensory Systems in Mammals Fishes and Insects

Chemosensory Systems in Mammals  Fishes  and Insects Book
Author : Wolfgang Meyerhof,Sigrun Korsching
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2009-04-23
ISBN : 9783540699194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The sense of smell has an essential role in locating food, detecting predators, navigating, and communicating social information. Accordingly, the olfactory system has evolved complex repertoires of receptors to face these problems. Although the sense of taste has less far-reaching tasks, they are every bit as essential for the animals well-being, allowing it to reject toxic materials and to select nutritionally valuable food. The last decade has seen a massive advance in understanding the molecular logic of chemosensory information processing, beyond that already achieved in the rst few years following Linda Bucks discovery of odorant receptors. Shortly afterwards, the major principles of olfactory representation had been established in mammals as the one neuron/ one receptor rule and the convergence of neurons, which express the same receptor, onto individual modules in the olfactory bulb. In recent years, such studies have been extended to lower vertebrates, including shes and other phyla, i. e. , arthropods, worms, and insects, showing both the general validity of these concepts and some exceptions to the rule. In parallel, hallmarks of the molecular logic of taste sensation have been deciphered and found to differ in interesting ways from those of smell sensation.

The Molecular Basis of Smell and Taste Transduction

The Molecular Basis of Smell and Taste Transduction Book
Author : Derek J. Chadwick,Joan Marsh,Jamie A. Goode
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-04-30
ISBN : 0470514523
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent application of the techniques of molecular biology and patch-clamp physiology has led to rapid advances in understanding the molecular events in chemosensory transduction. In this book, the latest results are presented and discussed by leading scientists. The extensive coverage encompasses many important topics, including mucous domains; microchemical heterogeneity in the mucociliary complex of the olfactory epithelium; membrane currents and mechanisms of olfactory transduction, and genetic and pathological taste variation.

Neurobiology of Chemical Communication

Neurobiology of Chemical Communication Book
Author : Carla Mucignat-Caretta
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-02-14
ISBN : 1466553413
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Intraspecific communication involves the activation of chemoreceptors and subsequent activation of different central areas that coordinate the responses of the entire organism—ranging from behavioral modification to modulation of hormones release. Animals emit intraspecific chemical signals, often referred to as pheromones, to advertise their presence to members of the same species and to regulate interactions aimed at establishing and regulating social and reproductive bonds. In the last two decades, scientists have developed a greater understanding of the neural processing of these chemical signals. Neurobiology of Chemical Communication explores the role of the chemical senses in mediating intraspecific communication. Providing an up-to-date outline of the most recent advances in the field, it presents data from laboratory and wild species, ranging from invertebrates to vertebrates, from insects to humans. The book examines the structure, anatomy, electrophysiology, and molecular biology of pheromones. It discusses how chemical signals work on different mammalian and non-mammalian species and includes chapters on insects, Drosophila, honey bees, amphibians, mice, tigers, and cattle. It also explores the controversial topic of human pheromones. An essential reference for students and researchers in the field of pheromones, this is also an ideal resource for those working on behavioral phenotyping of animal models and persons interested in the biology/ecology of wild and domestic species.

The Senses A Comprehensive Reference

The Senses  A Comprehensive Reference Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2020-09-30
ISBN : 0128054093
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Senses: A Comprehensive Reference, Second Edition, is a comprehensive reference work covering the range of topics that constitute current knowledge of the neural mechanisms underlying the different senses. This important work provides the most up-to-date, cutting-edge, comprehensive reference combining volumes on all major sensory modalities in one set. Offering 264 chapters from a distinguished team of international experts, The Senses lays out current knowledge on the anatomy, physiology, and molecular biology of sensory organs, in a collection of comprehensive chapters spanning 4 volumes. Topics covered include the perception, psychophysics, and higher order processing of sensory information, as well as disorders and new diagnostic and treatment methods. Written for a wide audience, this reference work provides students, scholars, medical doctors, as well as anyone interested in neuroscience, a comprehensive overview of the knowledge accumulated on the function of sense organs, sensory systems, and how the brain processes sensory input. As with the first edition, contributions from leading scholars from around the world will ensure The Senses offers a truly international portrait of sensory physiology. The set is the definitive reference on sensory neuroscience and provides the ultimate entry point into the review and original literature in Sensory Neuroscience enabling students and scientists to delve into the subject and deepen their knowledge. All-inclusive coverage of topics: updated edition offers readers the only current reference available covering neurobiology, physiology, anatomy, and molecular biology of sense organs and the processing of sensory information in the brain Authoritative content: world-leading contributors provide readers with a reputable, dynamic and authoritative account of the topics under discussion Comprehensive-style content: in-depth, complex coverage of topics offers students at upper undergraduate level and above full insight into topics under discussion

Sensory Perception and Transduction in Aneural Organisms

Sensory Perception and Transduction in Aneural Organisms Book
Author : Giuliano Colombetti,Francesco Lenci,Pill-Soon Song
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 1461324971
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book is based on the lectures given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on "Sensory Perception and Transduction in Aneural Organisms" held in Volterra (Pisa. Italy) from the third to the fourteenth of September. 1984. The Advanced Study Institute was planned as a high level course dealing with several aspects and problems of sensory perception and transduction of diverse environmental stimuli in aneural organisms. Scientists from different fields and cultural backgrounds were present at the meeting. both as lecturers and as students. The lectures and the discussions that followed represented a well integrated interdisci plinary approach to the questions considered. At the end of the Advanced Study Institute course. it was quite clear that. notwith standing the apparent heterogeneity of the topics dealt with. unifying concepts and ideas already existed, among the most important being the role of membranes and their physicochemical properties. All this should be reflected in the content of this book. We gratefully acknowledge the financial sponsorship of the Scientific Affairs Division of NATO (Brussels), that made both the Advanced Study Institute on "Sensory Perception and Transduction in Aneural Organisms" and this book possible. Finally. we are also indebted to Ms. Pat Parham Morgan who expertly retyped all the chapters of the book and Ms. Leslie Schmidt of Plenum Publishing Co. provided us valuable advice and suggestions on the preparation of this book. G. Colombetti F. Lenci P. S.

Biomedical Index to PHS supported Research

Biomedical Index to PHS supported Research Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1990
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biomedical Index to PHS supported Research book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Research Awards Index

Research Awards Index Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1987
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Research Awards Index book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation

Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation Book
Author : Richard L. Doty
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2015-05-22
ISBN : 1118969367
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The largest collection of basic, clinical, and applied knowledge onthe chemical senses ever compiled in one volume, the third editionof Handbook of Olfaction and Gustation encompassrecent developments in all fields of chemosensory science,particularly the most recent advances in neurobiology,neuroscience, molecular biology, and modern functional imagingtechniques. Divided into five main sections, the text covers thesenses of smell and taste as well as sensory integration,industrial applications, and other chemosensory systems. This isessential reading for clinicians and academic researchersinterested in basic and applied chemosensory perception.

Encyclopedia of Perception

Encyclopedia of Perception Book
Author : E. Bruce Goldstein
Publisher : SAGE
Release : 2009-10-15
ISBN : 1412940818
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Because of the ease with which we perceive, many people see perception as something that "just happens." However, even seemingly simple perceptual experiences involve complex underlying mechanisms, which are often hidden from our conscious experience. These mechanisms are being investigated by researchers and theorists in fields such as psychology, cognitive science, neuroscience, computer science, and philosophy. A few examples of the questions posed by these investigations are, What do infants perceive? How does perception develop? What do perceptual disorders reveal about normal functioning? How can information from one sense, such as hearing, be affected by information from another sense, such as vision? How is the information from all of our senses combined to result in our perception of a coherent environment? What are some practical outcomes of basic research in perception? These are just a few of the questions this encyclopedia will consider, as it presents a comprehensive overview of the field of perception for students, researchers, and professionals in psychology, the cognitive sciences, neuroscience, and related medical disciplines such as neurology and ophthalmology.

Biology of the Chemotactic Response

Biology of the Chemotactic Response Book
Author : Society for General Microbiology. Symposium,Society for General Microbiology
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 1990
ISBN : 9780521403139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The tendency of a living organism to move to a more favourable environment is a natural but complex reaction, involving the integration of sometimes conflicting environmental stimuli as well as a coordinated mechanical response. The response of motile, single cell organisms to environmental stimuli provides a useful model for understanding first of all how the environment is monitored and sensed, and secondly how this information is processed to result in an integrated and coordinated response. The volume looks at a large number of well-studied examples of the chemotactic response, in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, and casts new light on how cells process information and react to their environment. This fundamental response is of great importance in understanding one of the characteristic features of living organisms.

Issues in Anatomy Physiology Metabolism Morphology and Human Biology 2013 Edition

Issues in Anatomy  Physiology  Metabolism  Morphology  and Human Biology  2013 Edition Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : ScholarlyEditions
Release : 2013-06-20
ISBN : 1490105867
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Issues in Anatomy, Physiology, Metabolism, Morphology, and Human Biology: 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Sociobiology. The editors have built Issues in Anatomy, Physiology, Metabolism, Morphology, and Human Biology: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Sociobiology in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Anatomy, Physiology, Metabolism, Morphology, and Human Biology: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.

Cell Physiology

Cell Physiology Book
Author : Nicholas Sperelakis
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 148329367X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A multi-authored and comprehensive text, Cell Physiology Source Book enables graduate students in various biological sub-disciplines to gain a thorough understanding of cell physiology. It begins with a reviewof the physical chemistry of solutions, protein structure, and membrane structure, and ends with an Appendix featuring reviews of electricity, electrochemistry, and cable properties of cells. In between, this book is loaded with information on membrane potentials, cell metabolism, signal transduction, transport physiology and pumps, membrane excitability and ion channels, synaptic transmission, sensory transduction, muscle contraction, excitation-contraction coupling, bioluminescence, photosynthesis, andplant cell physiology. This exhaustive work provides graduate students with detailed and authoritative coverage of nearly all aspects of cell physiology. Such broad coverage of this field within a single source makes for a unique text. Chapters written in a clear, concise, and didactic style, and appropriate reviews of basic physics and chemistry are among the many distinguishing features of this monumental treatise. Comprehensive source-book of cell physiology Authoritative and multi-authored by leading experts in the field Unique features include broad coverage and review of relevant physics, chemistry, and metabolism Clear, concise, and didactic Includes reviews of physical chemistry of solutions, protein structure, membrane structure, electrochemistry, and electricity Topic covered include plant cell physiology, photosynthesis, bioluminescence, effects of pressure, cilia, and flagellae Detailed treatise on ion channels and their regulation

Evolution of the First Nervous Systems

Evolution of the First Nervous Systems Book
Author : Peter A.V. Anderson
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-11-11
ISBN : 1489909214
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book represents the proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop of the same name, held at St. Andrews University, Scotland in July of 1989. It was the first meeting of its kind and was convened as a forum to review and discuss the phylogeny of some of the cell biological functions that underlie nervous system function, such matters as intercellular communication in diverse, lower organisms, and the electrical excitability of protozoans and cnidarians, to mention but two. The rationale behind such work has not necessarily been to understand how the first nervous systems evolved; many of the animals in question provide excellent opportunities for examining general questions that are unapproachable in the more complex nervous systems of higher animals. Nevertheless, a curiosity about nervous system evolution has invariably pervaded much of the work. The return on this effort has been mixed, depending to a large extent on the usefulness of the preparation under examination. For example, work on cnidarians, to many the keystone phylum in nervous system evolution simply because they possess the "first" nervous systems, lagged behind that carried out on protozoans, because the latter are large, single cells and, thus, far more amenable to microelectrode-based recording techniques. Furthermore, protozoans can be cultured easily and are more amenable to genetic and molecular analyses.

Perfumes

Perfumes Book
Author : P.M. Muller,D. Lamparsky
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401138265
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The idea of publishing this book on Perfumes: Art, Science and Technology grew out of the observation that, on the verge of the 1990s, there was really no state-of-the-art compilation of the relevant know-how on which the fragrance industry is based. It was obvious that such a compilation would be well received, not only by perfumers and fragrance chemists, but also by those involved in related trade and marketing or in the development and distribution of consumer products, by researchers from other fields, by students and, finally, by amateurs of perfumes in general. Therefore, we set out to find competent authors who were willing to contribute to the endeavour, and we did not do this unselfishly; on the contrary, we selected a wish-list of specialists who would provide us with new insight and characterize the trends and research priorities determining the future. Thus, we were counting on learning much ourselves in the course of the project. We were more than pleasantly surprised by the reactions to our first letter-and so was Elsevier. We certainly had not expected perfumers who are usually much more 'doers' than 'writers' to react in such an enthusiastic way; especially, the spontaneous affirmative answer from the famous E. Roudnitska created a momentum which contributed significantly to the successful comple tion of this book. But, of course, we should not create the impression that the other authors' chapters are less important, and we thank all of them heartily for their invaluable effort.

Biomedical Index to PHS supported Research pt A Subject access A H

Biomedical Index to PHS supported Research  pt  A  Subject access A H Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Biomedical Index to PHS supported Research pt A Subject access A H book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Handbook of Human Toxicology

Handbook of Human Toxicology Book
Author : Edward J. Massaro
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 1997-07-09
ISBN : 9781439805756
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering some of the most important topics in modern toxicology, the Handbook of Human Toxicology is a unique and valuable addition to the current literature. It addresses issues, answers questions, and provides data related to. Within each of these five major sections are several carefully selected topics that reflect the current state of human to

Fish Chemoreception

Fish Chemoreception Book
Author : T.J. Hara
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401123322
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes in general how the chemosensory systems of fish function at various levels. In many ways, fish are typical vertebrates differing only slightly from other vertebrates including humans. In other ways, their aquatic environment imposes strict requirements or offers unique opportunities which have resulted in some unusual functions having no counterpart in higher vertebrates. This new volume is necessitated by advances in many vital areas as the field of chemical senses continues to grow at a rapid pace. Most significant is the application of the contemporary electrophysiological technique of patch-clamping, recognition of a second messenger system in chemosensory transduction processes and the identification of hormonal pheromones in fish reproductive behaviour. The last major synthesis of our knowledge about fish chemoreception, Chemoreception in Fishes, was published ten years ago (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1982). In that volume four aspects of fish chemoreception, Le. morphology of the peripheral chemoreceptors. primary sensory processes, roles in behaviour, and its interactions with environment, were discussed. This book is intended to be helpful to students, scientists and aquacul turists not only as a source book but also as a textbook on chemical senses.

Basic Neurochemistry

Basic Neurochemistry Book
Author : Scott Brady,George Siegel,R. Wayne Albers,Donald Price
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2005-11-11
ISBN : 9780080472072
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Basic Neurochemistry: Molecular, Cellular and Medical Aspects, a comprehensive text on neurochemistry, is now updated and revised in its Seventh Edition. This well-established text has been recognized worldwide as a resource for postgraduate trainees and teachers in neurology, psychiatry, and basic neuroscience, as well as for graduate and postgraduate students and instructors in the neurosciences. It is an excellent source of information on basic biochemical processes in brain function and disease for qualifying examinations and continuing medical education. Completely updated with 60% new authors and material, and entirely new chapters Over 400 fully revised figures in splendid color