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Chemistry Chemical Reactivity

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Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity

Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity Book
Author : John C. Kotz,Paul M. Treichel,John R. Townsend
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017-04-15
ISBN : 9781285453965
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity book written by John C. Kotz,Paul M. Treichel,John R. Townsend, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Chemistry Chemical Reactivity

Chemistry   Chemical Reactivity Book
Author : John C. Kotz,Paul M. Treichel,Gabriela C. Weaver
Publisher : Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
Release : 2005
ISBN : 9780495010135
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

"Chapter Goals" and "Chapter Goals Revisited" are two new features in this revision. Each chapter starts with a list of goals that allows students to see what is ahead. The chapter concludes with a repetition of that list with summary information added. General ChemistryNow is correlated to this list. New to this edition are dozens of "Active Figures" to help students visualize chemistry in action. These animated versions of text art help students master key concepts from the book. "Active Figures" can be used as demonstrations in the classroom and each figure is paired with a guided exploration and exercise to ensure students understand the concept being illustrated. In-text worked "Examples" follow a four-part structure: "Problem" statement, "Strategy" for approaching the problem, fully worked "Solution," and, where appropriate, a "Comment" on the problem and solution. Through this approach, students learn how to approach a problem rather than merely learning to memorize problem types and memorized solution approaches. Exercises appear throughout the text so students can check their comprehension of the material. Answers are in an appendix. "Problem-Solving Tips" provide readers tips for determining how to approach and solve problems. "Chemical Perspectives" are essays that bring relevance and perspective to a study of chemistry. In order to put chemistry in its historical context, "Historical Perspective" essays describe the people who were key to developing the concepts of the chapter. "A Closer Look" essays describe ideas that form the background to material under discussion or provide another dimension of the subject. - Publisher.

Theoretical Aspects of Chemical Reactivity

Theoretical Aspects of Chemical Reactivity Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-11-14
ISBN : 9780080466781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Theoretical Aspects of Chemical Reactivity provides a broad overview of recent theoretical and computational advancements in the field of chemical reactivity. Contributions have been made by a number of leaders in the field covering theoretical developments to applications in molecular systems and clusters. With an increase in the use of reactivity descriptors, and fundamental theoretical aspects becoming more challenging, this volume serves as an interesting overview where traditional concepts are revisited and explored from new viewpoints, and new varieties of reactivity descriptors are proposed. Includes applications in the frontiers of reactivity principles, and introduces dynamic and statistical viewpoints to chemical reactivity and challenging traditional concepts such as aromaticity. * Written by specialists in the field of chemical reactivity * An authoritative overview of the research and progress * An essential reference material for students

Chemical Kinetics

Chemical Kinetics Book
Author : Luis G Arnaut,Sebastiao Jose Formosinho,Hugh Burrows
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2006-12-21
ISBN : 9780080469348
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Kinetics bridges the gap between beginner and specialist with a path that leads the reader from the phenomenological approach to the rates of chemical reactions to the state-of-the-art calculation of the rate constants of the most prevalent reactions: atom transfers, catalysis, proton transfers, substitution reactions, energy transfers and electron transfers. For the beginner provides the basics: the simplest concepts, the fundamental experiments, and the underlying theories. For the specialist shows where sophisticated experimental and theoretical methods combine to offer a panorama of time-dependent molecular phenomena connected by a new rational. Chemical Kinetics goes far beyond the qualitative description: with the guidance of theory, the path becomes a reaction path that can actually be inspected and calculated. But Chemical Kinetics is more about structure and reactivity than numbers and calculations. A great emphasis in the clarity of the concepts is achieved by illustrating all the theories and mechanisms with recent examples, some of them described with sufficient detail and simplicity to be used in general chemistry and lab courses. * Looking at atoms and molecules, and how molecular structures change with time. * Providing practical examples and detailed theoretical calculations * Of special interest to Industrial Chemistry and Biochemistry

Chemical Reactivity in Confined Systems

Chemical Reactivity in Confined Systems Book
Author : Pratim Kumar Chattaraj,Debdutta Chakraborty
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-08-13
ISBN : 1119683238
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An insightful analysis of confined chemical systems for theoretical and experimental scientists Chemical Reactivity in Confined Systems: Theory and Applications presents a theoretical basis for the molecular phenomena observed in confined spaces. The book highlights state-of-the-art theoretical and computational approaches, with a focus on obtaining physically relevant clarification of the subject to enable the reader to build an appreciation of underlying chemical principles. The book includes real-world examples of confined systems that highlight how the reactivity of atoms and molecules change upon encapsulation. Chapters include discussions on recent developments related to several host-guest systems, including cucurbit[n]uril, ExBox+4, clathrate hydrates, octa acid cavitand, metal organic frameworks (MOFs), covalent organic frameworks (COFs), zeolites, fullerenes, and carbon nanotubes. Readers will learn how to carry out new calculations to understand the physicochemical behavior of confined quantum systems. Topics covered include: A thorough introduction to global reactivity descriptors, including electronegativity, hardness, and electrophilicity An exploration of the Fukui function, as well as dual descriptors, higher order derivatives, and reactivity through information theory A practical discussion of spin dependent reactivity and temperature dependent reactivity Concise treatments of population analysis, reaction force, electron localization functions, and the solvent effect on reactivity Perfect for academic researchers and graduate students in theoretical and computational chemistry and confined chemical systems, Chemical Reactivity in Confined Systems: Theory and Applications will also earn a place in the libraries of professionals working in the areas of catalysis, supramolecular chemistry, and porous materials.

Solvent Effects and Chemical Reactivity

Solvent Effects and Chemical Reactivity Book
Author : Orlando Tapia,Juan Bertrán
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-04-11
ISBN : 0306469316
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book gathers original contributions from a selected group of distinguished researchers that are actively working in the theory and practical applications of solvent effects and chemical reactions. The importance of getting a good understanding of surrounding media effects on chemical reacting system is difficult to overestimate. Applications go from condensed phase chemistry, biochemical reactions in vitro to biological systems in vivo. Catalysis is a phenomenon produced by a particular system interacting with the reacting subsystem. The result may be an increment of the chemical rate or sometimes a decreased one. At the bottom, catalytic sources can be characterized as a special kind of surrounding medium effect. The materials involving in catalysis may range from inorganic components as in zeolites, homogenous components, enzymes, catalytic antibodies, and ceramic materials. . With the enormous progress achieved by computing technology, an increasing number of models and phenomenological approaches are being used to describe the effects of a given surrounding medium on the electronic properties of selected subsystem. A number of quantum chemical methods and programs, currently applied to calculate in vacuum systems, have been supplemented with a variety of model representations. With the increasing number of methodologies applied to this important field, it is becoming more and more difficult for non-specialist to cope with theoretical developments and extended applications. For this and other reasons, it is was deemed timely to produce a book where methodology and applications were analyzed and reviewed by leading experts in the field.

Chemical Reactivity Theory

Chemical Reactivity Theory Book
Author : Pratim Kumar Chattaraj
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-02-23
ISBN : 9781420065442
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In the 1970s, Density Functional Theory (DFT) was borrowed from physics and adapted to chemistry by a handful of visionaries. Now chemical DFT is a diverse and rapidly growing field, its progress fueled by numerous developing practical descriptors that make DFT as useful as it is vast. With 34 chapters written by 65 eminent scientists from 13 different countries, Chemical Reactivity Theory: A Density Functional View represents the true collaborative spirit and excitement of purpose engendered by the study and use of DFT. This work instructs readers on how concepts from DFT can be used to describe, understand, and predict chemical reactivity. Prior knowledge is not required as early chapters, written by the field’s original pioneers, cover basic ground-state DFT and its extensions to time-dependent systems, excited states, and spin-polarized molecules. While the text is accessible to senior undergraduate or beginning graduate students, experienced researchers are certain to find interesting new insights in the perspectives presented by these seasoned experts. This remarkable one-of-a-kind resource— Provides authoritative accounts on aspects of the theory of chemical reactivity Describes various global reactivity descriptors, such as electronegativity, hardness, and electrophilicity Introduces and analyzes the usefulness of local reactivity descriptors such as Fukui, shape, and electron localization functions Offers an in-depth analysis of how chemical reactivity changes during different physicochemical processes or in the presence of external perturbations The book covers a gamut of related topics such as methods for determining atoms-in-molecules, population analysis, electrostatic potential, molecular quantum similarity, aromaticity, and biological activity. It also discusses the role of reactivity concepts in industrial and other practical applications. Whether you are searching for new products or new research projects, this is the ultimate guide for understanding chemical reactivity.

Graph Theoretical Approaches to Chemical Reactivity

Graph Theoretical Approaches to Chemical Reactivity Book
Author : Danail D. Bonchev,O.G. Mekenyan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401112029
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The progress in computer technology during the last 10-15 years has enabled the performance of ever more precise quantum mechanical calculations related to structure and interactions of chemical compounds. However, the qualitative models relating electronic structure to molecular geometry have not progressed at the same pace. There is a continuing need in chemistry for simple concepts and qualitatively clear pictures that are also quantitatively comparable to ab initio quantum chemical calculations. Topological methods and, more specifically, graph theory as a fixed-point topology, provide in principle a chance to fill this gap. With its more than 100 years of applications to chemistry, graph theory has proven to be of vital importance as the most natural language of chemistry. The explosive development of chemical graph theory during the last 20 years has increasingly overlapped with quantum chemistry. Besides contributing to the solution of various problems in theoretical chemistry, this development indicates that topology is an underlying principle that explains the success of quantum mechanics and goes beyond it, thus promising to bear more fruit in the future.

Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity

Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity Book
Author : John C. Kotz,Paul M. Treichel,John Townsend
Publisher : Cengage Learning
Release : 2012-08-01
ISBN : 9780840048288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Succeed in chemistry with the clear explanations, problem-solving strategies, and dynamic study tools of CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL REACTIVITY, 8e. Combining thorough instruction with the powerful multimedia tools you need to develop a deeper understanding of general chemistry concepts, the text emphasizes the visual nature of chemistry, illustrating the close interrelationship of the macroscopic, symbolic, and particulate levels of chemistry. The art program illustrates each of these levels in engaging detail--and is fully integrated with key media components. In addition access to OWL may be purchased separately or at a special price if packaged with this text. OWL is an online homework and tutorial system that helps you maximize your study time and improve your success in the course. OWL includes an interactive eBook, as well as hundreds of guided simulations, animations, and video clips. GO CHEMISTRY includes mini video lectures and e-flash cards keyed to key topics in the text for quick, on-the-go review on your video iPod, MP3 player, and iTunes. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Chemistry

Chemistry Book
Author : Peter G. Mahaffy,Bob Bucat,Roy Tasker,Paul M. Treichel,John C. Kotz,Gabriela C. Weaver,John McMurry
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2014-03-10
ISBN : 9780176684082
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Taking an evidence-first big picture approach, Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity encourages students to think like a chemist, develop critical understanding of what chemistry is, why it is important and how chemists arrive at their discoveries. Flipping the traditional model of presenting facts and building to applications, this text begins with contexts that are real-life and matter to students – from doping in sports, to the chemistry behind the treads of wall-climbing robots. Informed by the latest chemical education research, Chemistry: Human Activity, Chemical Reactivity presents chemistry as the exciting, developing human activity that it is, rather than a body of facts, theories, and skills handed down from the past. Along with the innovative MindTap Reader and OWLv2 learning platform, this text uses unique case studies and critically acclaimed interactive e-resources to help students learn chemistry and how it is helping to address global challenges of the 21st century.

Chemistry Chemical Reactivity

Chemistry   Chemical Reactivity Book
Author : John C. Kotz,Paul Treichel,Patrick A. Harman
Publisher : Brooks/Cole Publishing Company
Release : 2003
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides a broad overview of the principles of chemistry, the reactivity of chemical elements and their compounds, and the applications of chemistry. Conveys a sense of chemistry as a field that not only has a lively history but also one that is currently dynamic, with important new developments on the horizon

Prentice Hall Chemistry

Prentice Hall Chemistry Book
Author : H. Eugene LeMay, Jr.,Herbert Beall,Karen M. Robblee
Publisher : Pearson Prentice Hall
Release : 2000-06-01
ISBN : 9780134347769
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

2000-2005 State Textbook Adoption - Rowan/Salisbury.

Chemical Structure and Reactivity

Chemical Structure and Reactivity Book
Author : James Keeler,Peter Wothers
Publisher : Oxford University Press
Release : 2013-11
ISBN : 0199604134
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Structure and Reactivity: An Integrated Approach rises to the challenge of depicting the reality of chemistry. Offering a fresh approach, it depicts the subject as a seamless discipline, showing how organic, inorganic, and physical concepts can be blended together to achieve the common goal of understanding chemical systems.

Student Solutions Manual for Chemistry Chemical Reactivity

Student Solutions Manual for Chemistry   Chemical Reactivity Book
Author : John C Kotz,David Treichel,John Townsend
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2022
ISBN : 9780357731406
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Student Solutions Manual for Chemistry Chemical Reactivity book written by John C Kotz,David Treichel,John Townsend, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Guidelines for Chemical Reactivity Evaluation and Application to Process Design

Guidelines for Chemical Reactivity Evaluation and Application to Process Design Book
Author : CCPS (Center for Chemical Process Safety)
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-09-09
ISBN : 0470938048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Drawn from international sources, this book provides principles and strategies for the evaluation of chemical reactions, and for using this information in process design and management. A useful resource for engineers who design, start-up, operate, and manage chemical and petrochemical plants, the book places special emphasis on the use of state-of-the-art technology in theory, testing methods, and applications in design and operations.

Essential Practices for Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards

Essential Practices for Managing Chemical Reactivity Hazards Book
Author : Robert W. Johnson,Steven W. Rudy,Stephen D. Unwin
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2010-08-13
ISBN : 0470925299
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In its recent investigation of chemical reactivity accidents, the US Chemical Safety Board noted a gap in technical guidance and regulatory coverage. This volume closes the gap in technical guidance, helping small and large companies alike identify, address, and manage chemical reactivity hazards. It guides the reader through an analysis of the potential for chemical reactivity accidents to help prevent fires, explosions, toxic chemical releases or chemical spills. This volume is applicable to processes at any scale and is particularly useful for chemists, safety managers, and engineers involved in scale-up. An enclosed CD-ROM provides portable checklists, analysis tools, and a list of additional references. Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.

The Chemical World

The Chemical World Book
Author : John W. Moore,Conrad L. Stanitski,James L. Wood,John C. Kotz,Melvin D. Joesten
Publisher : Harcourt College Pub
Release : 1998-09-01
ISBN : 9780030272813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download The Chemical World book written by John W. Moore,Conrad L. Stanitski,James L. Wood,John C. Kotz,Melvin D. Joesten, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Organic Chemistry Workbook

Organic Chemistry Workbook Book
Author : Pierre Vogel,Kendall N. Houk
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-04
ISBN : 3527345310
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Provides references and answers to every question presented in the primary Organic Chemistry textbook Successfully achieving chemical reactions in organic chemistry requires a solid background in physical chemistry. Knowledge of chemical equilibria, thermodynamics, reaction rates, reaction mechanisms, and molecular orbital theory is essential for students, chemists, and chemical engineers. The Organic Chemistry presents the tools and models required to understand organic synthesis and enables the efficient planning of chemical reactions. This volume, Organic Chemistry: Theory, Reactivity, and Mechanisms in Modern Synthesis Workbook, complements the primary textbook—supplying the complete, calculated solutions to more than 800 questions on topics such as thermochemistry, pericyclic reactions, organic photochemistry, catalytic reactions, and more. This companion workbook is indispensable for those seeking clear, in-depth instruction on this challenging subject. Written by prominent experts in the field of organic chemistry, this book: Works side-by-side with the primary Organic Chemistry textbook Includes chapter introductions and re-stated questions to enhance efficiency Features clear illustrations, tables, and figures Strengthens reader?s comprehension of key areas of knowledge Organic Chemistry: Theory, Reactivity, and Mechanisms in Modern Synthesis Workbook is a must-have resource for anyone using the primary textbook.

Proton coupled Electron Transfer

Proton coupled Electron Transfer Book
Author : Sebastião J. Formosinho,Mónica Barroso
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2012
ISBN : 1849731411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) is emerging as an important new class of reactions and, over the past decade, great strides have been made in our understanding of them. PCET reactions are studied in many branches of chemistry and are omnipresent in biological processes. This book covers recent developments from both the theoretical and experimental points of view. It concentrates on the importance of PCET in biological systems and for bioenergetic conversion. The oxidation of water in Photosystem II to produce oxygen, and the reduction of protons to hydrogen by hydrogenase, for energy storage gets particular emphasis. Chemical reactivity is currently explained in terms of several scientific principles. One of them is the bond-breaking-bond-forming process and is conceptually based on potential energy surfaces. Another incorporates the role of Franck-Condon factors resulting from the overlap of vibrational wavefunctions. A third, the so-called solvent reorganization, involves solvent configuration around a charged species. PCET brings together such concepts and links them to quantum mechanical tunnelling of the electron particle. This book uses personal accounts of experimental examples to provide additional insight on this important topic. It starts by presenting a general overview of the main theoretical approaches and experimental applications. The chapters then go on to cover topics including: the application of the Marcus Cross Relation; the solvation of ionic systems; experimental approaches in biological redox systems; metal ion-coupled electron transfer, and electrochemical concerted proton-electron transfers.

The Reaction Path in Chemistry Current Approaches and Perspectives

The Reaction Path in Chemistry  Current Approaches and Perspectives Book
Author : D. Heidrich
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-03-09
ISBN : 9401585393
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The so-called reaction path (RP) with respect to the potential energy or the Gibbs energy ("free enthalpy") is one of the most fundamental concepts in chemistry. It significantly helps to display and visualize the results of the complex microscopic processes forming a chemical reaction. This concept is an implicit component of conventional transition state theory (TST). The model of the reaction path and the TST form a qualitative framework which provides chemists with a better understanding of chemical reactions and stirs their imagination. However, an exact calculation of the RP and its neighbourhood becomes important when the RP is used as a tool for a detailed exploring of reaction mechanisms and particularly when it is used as a basis for reaction rate theories above and beyond TST. The RP is a theoretical instrument that now forms the "theoretical heart" of "direct dynamics". It is particularly useful for the interpretation of reactions in common chemical systems. A suitable definition of the RP of potential energy surfaces is necessary to ensure that the reaction theories based on it will possess sufficiently high quality. Thus, we have to consider three important fields of research: - Analysis of potential energy surfaces and the definition and best calculation of the RPs or - at least - of a number of selected and chemically interesting points on it. - The further development of concrete vers ions of reaction theory beyond TST which are applicable for common chemical systems using the RP concept.