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Chemistry Biochemistry And Biology Of 1 3 Beta Glucans And Related Polysaccharides

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Chemistry Biochemistry and Biology of 1 3 Beta Glucans and Related Polysaccharides

Chemistry  Biochemistry  and Biology of 1 3 Beta Glucans and Related Polysaccharides Book
Author : Antony Bacic,Geoffrey B. Fincher,Bruce A. Stone
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-07-07
ISBN : 9780080920542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Biology of 1-3 Beta Glucans and Related Polysaccharides presents a comprehensive, systematic and authoritative survey of information about a family of chemically related, but functionally diverse, naturally occurring polysaccharides--the (1-3)-glucans. International contributors describe the chemical and physicochemical properties of these glucans and their derivatives and the molecular biological and structural aspects of the enzymes involved in their formation and breakdown. A detailed analysis of their physiological roles in the various biological situations in which they are found will be provided. Additionally, evolutionary relationships among the family of these glucans will be described. Topics of medical relevance include detailing the glucans' interactions with the immune system and research for cancer therapy applications Web resource links allow scientists to explore additional beta glucan research Separate indexes divided into Species and Subject for enhanced searchability

Biology and Chemistry of Beta Glucan

Biology and Chemistry of Beta Glucan Book
Author : Vaclav Vetvicka,Miroslav Novak
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2013-05-24
ISBN : 1608052605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite of the efforts of pharmaceutical researchers to find new medicaments, nature offers many substances with healing properties—beta-glucans belong to this group of compounds. The second volume of the e-book series, Biology and Chemistry of Beta-Glucan, provides new knowledge about these important polysaccharides. In order to understand the role of beta-glucans, it is necessary to control the purity and to determine their composition and structure. This volume presents modern chemical and separation methods which are applied in structural analysis of glucans. As a result of structural analyses, it can be concluded that beta-glucans of different origin vary in chain length, number and types of branching. The book further discusses the biological effects of tailored oligomers and synthetic beta-glucans, including innovative use of enzymatic processes in the synthesis of these compounds. This volume also discusses a hypothesis of beta-glucans’ increasing impact on the photodynamic therapy. In spite of many scientific papers describing the positive role of beta-glucans in protection against diseases, certain epidemiological data suggest that specific illnesses can be related to beta-glucan exposure. The fact of whether or not beta-glucan is an accompanying substance of these biologically active agents is also questioned. Biology and Chemistry of Beta-Glucan: Volume 2 focuses on the strictly scientific basis on the effects of beta-glucan on human health as well as other possibilities of beta-glucan application, such as protection of aquaculture against diseases.

Science and Technology of Fibers in Food Systems

Science and Technology of Fibers in Food Systems Book
Author : Jorge Welti-Chanes,Sergio O. Serna-Saldívar,Osvaldo Campanella,Viridiana Tejada-Ortigoza
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-15
ISBN : 3030386546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides comprehensive coverage of fibers used in food formulations, starting with the understanding of their basic chemical structure and how they are present and organized in the cell wall structure, their physicochemical and functional properties, their impact on the digestive process and their role and preventive action against various chronic diseases including colon cancer. The book focuses on traditional and new fiber rich sources, incorporating an integrated approach in terms of the technological and engineering processes used to obtain and incorporate them in traditional foods, plus their characterization, extraction and modification. The study of processing conditions including the chemical, physical and enzymatic processes of fiber extraction and modification are also covered, including traditional and emerging processing technologies, plus the application of fibers in the development of new products and processes. Science and Technology of Fibers in Food Systems integrates knowledge of fibers from their basic structural and property aspects and the applications of these ingredients to extraction process analysis, modification and feasibility for use at the industry level. The chapters incorporate the physiological aspects related to the consumption of fiber for prevention of serious diseases.

Novel Enzyme and Whole Cell Biocatalysts

Novel Enzyme and Whole Cell Biocatalysts Book
Author : Anwar Sunna,Richard Daniellou
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-11-04
ISBN : 3039434640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of a circular economy relies on waste reduction, valorization, and recycling. Global trends for “green” synthesis of chemicals have positioned the field of enzyme technology and biocatalysis (multi-enzymes and whole-cells) as an alternative for the synthesis of more social- and environmentally-responsible bio-based chemicals. Recent advances in synthetic biology, computational tools, and metabolic engineering have supported the discovery of new enzymes and the rational design of whole-cell biocatalysts. In this book, we highlight these current advances in the field of biocatalysis, with special emphasis on novel enzymes and whole-cell biocatalysts for applications in several industrial biotechnological applications.

Agrobacterium Biology

Agrobacterium Biology Book
Author : Stanton B. Gelvin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-28
ISBN : 3030032574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume reviews various facets of Agrobacterium biology, from modern aspects of taxonomy and bacterial ecology to pathogenesis, bacterial cell biology, plant and fungal transformation, natural transgenics, and biotechnology. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation is the most extensively utilized platform for generating transgenic plants, but modern biotechnology applications derive from more than 40 years of intensive basic scientific research. Many of the biological principles established by this research have served as models for other bacteria, including human and animal pathogens. Written by leading experts and highlighting recent advances, this volume serves both as an introduction to Agrobacterium biology for students as well as a more comprehensive text for research scientists.

Innate Immunity in Aquatic Vertebrates

Innate Immunity in Aquatic Vertebrates Book
Author : Leon Grayfer,Stephanie DeWitte-Orr,Eva-Stina Isabella Edholm
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-01-17
ISBN : 2889634272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Innate Immunity in Aquatic Vertebrates book written by Leon Grayfer,Stephanie DeWitte-Orr,Eva-Stina Isabella Edholm, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Extracellular Sugar Based Biopolymers Matrices

Extracellular Sugar Based Biopolymers Matrices Book
Author : Ephraim Cohen,Hans Merzendorfer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-02
ISBN : 3030129195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an acellular three-dimensional network composed of proteins, glycoproteins, proteoglycans and exopolysaccharides. It primarily serves as a structural component in the tissues and organs of plants and animals, or forms biofilms in which bacterial cells are embedded. ECMs are highly dynamic structures that undergo continuous remodeling, and disruptions are frequently the result of pathological processes associated with severe diseases such as arteriosclerosis, neurodegenerative illness or cancer. In turn, bacterial biofilms are a source of concern for human health, as they are associated with resistance to antibiotics. Although exopolysaccharides are crucial for ECM formation and function, they have received considerably little attention to date. The respective chapters of this book comprehensively address such issues, and provide reviews on the structural, biochemical, molecular and biophysical properties of exopolysaccharides. These components are abundantly produced by virtually all taxa including bacteria, algae, plants, fungi, invertebrates and vertebrates. They include long unbranched homopolymers (cellulose, chitin/chitosan), linear copolymers (alginate, agarose), peptoglycans such as murein, heteropolymers like a variety of glycosaminoglycans (hyaluronan, dermatan, keratin, heparin, Pel), and branched heteropolymers such as pectin and hemicellulose. A separate chapter is dedicated to modern industrial and biomedical applications of exopolysaccharides and polysaccharide-based biocomposites. Their unique chemical, physical and mechanical properties have attracted considerable interest, inspired basic and applied research, and have already been harnessed to form structural biocomposite hybrids for tailor-made applications in regenerative medicine, bioengineering and biosensor design. Given its scope, this book provides a substantial source of basic and applied information for a wide range of scientists, as well as valuable textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

Advances in Seed Biology

Advances in Seed Biology Book
Author : Paolo A. Sabelli,Brian A. Larkins
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015-11-11
ISBN : 2889196755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The seed plays a fundamental role in plant reproduction as well as a key source of energy, nutrients and raw materials for developing and sustaining humanity. With an expanding and generally more affluent world population projected to reach nine billion by mid-century, coupled to diminishing availability of inputs, agriculture is facing increasing challenges to ensure sufficient grain production. A deeper understanding of seed development, evolution and physiology will undoubtedly provide a fundamental basis to improve plant breeding practices and ultimately crop yields. Recent advances in genetic, biochemical, molecular and physiological research, mostly brought about by the deployment of novel high-throughput and high-sensitivity technologies, have begun to uncover and connect the molecular networks that control and integrate different aspects of seed development and help determine the economic value of grain crops with unprecedented details. The objective of this e-book is to provide a compilation of original research articles, reviews, hypotheses and perspectives that have recently been published in Frontiers in Plant Science, Plant Evolution and Development as part of the Research Topic entitled "Advances in Seed Biology". Editing this Research Topic has been an extremely interesting, educational and rewarding experience, and we sincerely thank all authors who contributed their expertise and in-depth knowledge of the different topics discussed. We hope that the information presented here will help to establish the state of the art of this field and will convey how exciting and important studying seeds is and hopefully will stimulate a new crop of scientists devoted to investigating the biology of seeds.

Carbohydrate Chemistry

Carbohydrate Chemistry Book
Author : Amelia Pilar Rauter,Thisbe Lindhorst,Yves Queneau
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-12-12
ISBN : 178801409X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demonstrating the interdisciplinary nature of modern glycosciences, this volume covers research in the fields of polysaccharides and small carbohydrates from the synthetic and structural viewpoints, with applications ranging from biology to the bioeconomy. Key aspects of the synthesis and properties of imino disaccharides and regioselective glycosylation reactions are reviewed, glycosyltransferase inhibitors are shown to be potential future therapeutic agents, protein-carbohydrate interactions in plant cell-wall biodegradation are targeted by the use of glycan microarrays, biological properties of polysaccharidic microbial surface antigens are discussed with respect to their intimate structure, and contributions on carbohydrate-based hydrogelators, green/blue sugar-based surfactants and carbohydrate-based green solvents illustrate the modern design of tomorrow’s chemicals. With the increase in volume, velocity and variety of information, researchers can find it difficult to keep up to date with the literature in their field and this book remains a valuable addition to any researcher’s library.

Aquatic Biopolymers

Aquatic Biopolymers Book
Author : Ololade Olatunji
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-20
ISBN : 3030347095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive survey about the most recent developments in industrial applications, processing techniques and modifications of polymers from marine sources. It systematically introduces the reader to the biomaterials Chitin, Collagen, Alginates, Cellulose and Polyesters and links their interwoven industrial significance and environmental implications. The book elucidates the impact of industrial sourcing of the aquatic system for organic and inorganic matter on the environment and deepens the understanding of the industrial and economic significance of aquatic biopolymers. Further it addresses the question of how to balance the conservation of aquatic life and the industrial and economic interest in developing biodegradable alternatives for plastic. Thus the book will appeal to scientists in the field of chemistry, materials and polymer science as well as engineering.

Plant Cell Walls

Plant Cell Walls Book
Author : Peter Albersheim,Alan Darvill,Keith Roberts,Ron Sederoff,Andrew Staehelin
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2010-04-15
ISBN : 1136843582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant cell walls are complex, dynamic cellular structures essential for plant growth, development, physiology and adaptation. Plant Cell Walls provides an in depth and diverse view of the microanatomy, biosynthesis and molecular physiology of these cellular structures, both in the life of the plant and in their use for bioproducts and biofuels. Plant Cell Walls is a textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, as well as a professional-level reference book. Over 400 drawings, micrographs, and photographs provide visual insight into the latest research, as well as the uses of plant cell walls in everyday life, and their applications in biotechnology. Illustrated panels concisely review research methods and tools; a list of key terms is given at the end of each chapter; and extensive references organized by concept headings provide readers with guidance for entry into plant cell wall literature. Cell wall material is of considerable importance to the biofuel, food, timber, and pulp and paper industries as well as being a major focus of research in plant growth and sustainability that are of central interest in present day agriculture and biotechnology. The production and use of plants for biofuel and bioproducts in a time of need for responsible global carbon use requires a deep understanding of the fundamental biology of plants and their cell walls. Such an understanding will lead to improved plant processes and materials, and help provide a sustainable resource for meeting the future bioenergy and bioproduct needs of humankind.

Aquatic Invertebrate Immunity Against Infectious Diseases

Aquatic Invertebrate Immunity Against Infectious Diseases Book
Author : Chaozheng Li,Kunlaya Somboonwiwat,Luciane M. Perazzolo
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2021-11-08
ISBN : 2889716104
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Aquatic Invertebrate Immunity Against Infectious Diseases book written by Chaozheng Li,Kunlaya Somboonwiwat,Luciane M. Perazzolo, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Polymers for Food Applications

Polymers for Food Applications Book
Author : Tomy J. Gutiérrez
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-09
ISBN : 3319946250
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents an exhaustive review on the use of polymers for food applications. Polymer-based systems for food applications such as: films, foams, nano- and micro-encapsulated, emulsions, hydrogels, prebiotics, 3D food printing, edible polymers for the development of foods for people with special feeding regimes, sensors, among others, have been analyzed in this work.

Racing for the Surface

Racing for the Surface Book
Author : Bingyun Li,Thomas Fintan Moriarty,Thomas Webster,Malcolm Xing
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-03-02
ISBN : 3030344754
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the latest research in biofilm, infection, and antimicrobial strategies in reducing and treating musculoskeletal, skin, transfusion, implant-related infections, etc. Topics covered include biofilms, small colony variants, antimicrobial biomaterials (antibiotics, antimicrobial peptides, hydrogels, bioinspired interfaces, immunotherapeutic approaches, and more), antimicrobial coatings, engineering and 3D printing, antimicrobial delivery vehicles, and perspectives on clinical impacts. Antibiotic resistance, which shifts the race toward bacteria, and strategies to reduce antibiotic resistance, are also briefly touched on. Combined with its companion volume, Racing for the Surface: Pathogenesis of Implant Infection and Advanced Antimicrobial Strategies, this book bridges the gaps between infection and tissue engineering, and is an ideal book for academic researchers, clinicians, industrial engineers and scientists, governmental representatives in national laboratories, and advanced undergraduate students and post-doctoral fellows who are interested in infection, microbiology, and biomaterials and devices.

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry Book
Author : Atta-ur-Rahman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-04-21
ISBN : 0444639365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry, Volume 53, covers the synthesis, testing, and recording of the medicinal properties of natural products, providing cutting-edge accounts of the fascinating developments in the isolation, structure elucidation, synthesis, biosynthesis, and pharmacology of a diverse array of bioactive natural products. Natural products in the plant and animal kingdom offer a huge diversity of chemical structures that are the result of biosynthetic processes that have been modulated over the millennia through genetic effects. With the rapid developments in spectroscopic techniques and accompanying advances in high-throughput screening techniques, it has become possible to isolate and then determine the structures and biological activity of natural products rapidly, thus opening up exciting opportunities in the field of new drug development to the pharmaceutical industry that are discussed and highlighted in this series. Focuses on the chemistry of bioactive natural products Contains contributions by leading authorities in the field Presents sources of new pharmacophores

Diatom Gliding Motility

Diatom Gliding Motility Book
Author : Stanley A. Cohn,Kalina M. Manoylov,Richard Gordon
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-09-08
ISBN : 1119526353
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book will cover a broad range of work describing our current state of understanding on the topic, including: historic knowledge and misconceptions of motility; evolution of diatom motility; diatom ecology & physiology; cell biology and biochemistry of diatom motility, anatomy of motile diatoms; observations of diatom motile behavior; diatom competitive ability, unique forms of diatom motility as found in the genus Eunotia; and Models of Motility. This volume is the first book attempting to gather such information surrounding diatom motility into one volume focusing on this single topic. Readers will be able to gather both the current state of understanding on the potential mechanisms and ecological regulators of motility, as well as possible models and approaches used to help determine how diatoms accomplish such varied behaviors as diurnal movements, accumulation into areas of light, niche partitioning to increase species success. Given the fact that diatoms remain one of the most ecologically crucial cells in aquatic ecosystems, our hope is that this volume will act as a springboard towards future research into diatom motility and even better resolution of some of the issues in motility.

Recent Advances in Natural Products Analysis

Recent Advances in Natural Products Analysis Book
Author : Seyed Mohammad Nabavi,Mina Saeedi,Seyed Fazel Nabavi,Ana Sanches Silva
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-03-07
ISBN : 0128175192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Recent Advances in Natural Products Analysis is a thorough guide to the latest analytical methods used for identifying and studying bioactive phytochemicals and other natural products. Chemical compounds, such as flavonoids, alkaloids, carotenoids and saponins are examined, highlighting the many techniques for studying their properties. Each chapter is devoted to a compound category, beginning with the underlying chemical properties of the main components followed by techniques of extraction, purification and fractionation, and then techniques of identification and quantification. Biological activities, possible interactions, levels found in plants, the effects of processing, and current and potential industrial applications are also included. Focuses on the latest analytical techniques used for studying phytochemical and other biological compounds Authored and edited by the top worldwide experts in their field Discusses the current and potential applications and predicts future trends of each compound group

Recent Advances on Grapevine Microbe Interactions From Signal Perception to Resistance Response

Recent Advances on Grapevine Microbe Interactions  From Signal Perception to Resistance Response Book
Author : Aziz Aziz,Michele Perazzolli,Dario Cantu,Eva Maria Zyprian,David Gramaje
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-09-17
ISBN : 2889660192
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Recent Advances on Grapevine Microbe Interactions From Signal Perception to Resistance Response book written by Aziz Aziz,Michele Perazzolli,Dario Cantu,Eva Maria Zyprian,David Gramaje, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Polysaccharides in Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Applications

Polysaccharides in Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Applications Book
Author : Valentin Popa
Publisher : Smithers Rapra
Release : 2011-06-30
ISBN : 1847354386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polysaccharides in Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Applications presents new and specific aspects in the field of polysaccharides and their derivatives recommended for use in medicine and pharmacy. At the same time the aspects developed in this book will be useful to designing new systems for drugs delivery, immunomodulation, and new materials based on polysaccharides isolated from different sources and their derivatives.

Handbook of Hydrocolloids

Handbook of Hydrocolloids Book
Author : Glyn O. Phillips,Peter A. Williams
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2020-11-06
ISBN : 0128242213
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Handbook of Hydrocolloids, Third Edition is a must-have substantive reference on hydrocolloids, helping food industry scientists ever since its first edition was published and well received. This thoroughly updated and expanded edition reviews the structure, function, properties, and applications of a broad range of hydrocolloids used in food and related industries. The third edition updates existing chapters on developments and theories on the structure and functional characteristics of individual hydrocolloids. The book provides additional chapters on new techniques for the chemical and physicochemical characterization of hydrocolloids, and applications technologies for encapsulation and controlled release of active compounds. Edited by two leading international authorities in the field, this third edition continues to be relevant to food industry researchers, food manufacturers, graduate and postgraduate students, particularly in food, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic sciences. Introduces to food hydrocolloids considering regulatory aspects and functional characteristics Examines the manufacture, structure, function, and applications of over twenty-five hydrocolloids Brings a detailed overview of the function of hydrocolloids as emulsifiers, rheological modifiers, film formers, and encapsulation agents