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Chemistry Biochemistry And Biology Of 1 3 Beta Glucans And Related Polysaccharides

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Chemistry Biochemistry and Biology of 1 3 beta glucans and Related Polysaccharides

Chemistry  Biochemistry  and Biology of  1 3   beta  glucans and Related Polysaccharides Book
Author : Antony Bacic,Geoffrey Bruce Fincher,Bruce A. Stone
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009
ISBN : 9780123739711
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book presents a comprehensive, systematic and authoritative survey of information about a family of chemically related, but functionally diverse, naturally occurring polysaccharides--the (1-3)-glucans. International contributors describe the chemical and physicochemical properties of these glucans and their derivatives and the molecular biological and structural aspects of the enzymes involved in their formation and breakdown. A detailed analysis of their physiological roles in the various biological situations in which they are found will be provided. Additionally, evolutionary relationships among the family of these glucans will be described. * Topics of medical relevance include detailing the glucans' interactions with the immune system and research for cancer therapy applications * Web resource links allow scientists to explore additional beta glucan research * Separate indexes divided into Species and Subject for enhanced searchability

Chemistry Biochemistry and Biology of 1 3 Beta Glucans and Related Polysaccharides

Chemistry  Biochemistry  and Biology of 1 3 Beta Glucans and Related Polysaccharides Book
Author : Antony Bacic,Geoffrey B. Fincher,Bruce A. Stone
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2009-07-07
ISBN : 9780080920542
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Biology of 1-3 Beta Glucans and Related Polysaccharides presents a comprehensive, systematic and authoritative survey of information about a family of chemically related, but functionally diverse, naturally occurring polysaccharides--the (1-3)-glucans. International contributors describe the chemical and physicochemical properties of these glucans and their derivatives and the molecular biological and structural aspects of the enzymes involved in their formation and breakdown. A detailed analysis of their physiological roles in the various biological situations in which they are found will be provided. Additionally, evolutionary relationships among the family of these glucans will be described. Topics of medical relevance include detailing the glucans' interactions with the immune system and research for cancer therapy applications Web resource links allow scientists to explore additional beta glucan research Separate indexes divided into Species and Subject for enhanced searchability

Biology and Chemistry of Beta Glucan

Biology and Chemistry of Beta Glucan Book
Author : Vaclav Vetvicka,Miroslav Novak
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2013-05-24
ISBN : 1608052605
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Despite of the efforts of pharmaceutical researchers to find new medicaments, nature offers many substances with healing properties—beta-glucans belong to this group of compounds. The second volume of the e-book series, Biology and Chemistry of Beta-Glucan, provides new knowledge about these important polysaccharides. In order to understand the role of beta-glucans, it is necessary to control the purity and to determine their composition and structure. This volume presents modern chemical and separation methods which are applied in structural analysis of glucans. As a result of structural analyses, it can be concluded that beta-glucans of different origin vary in chain length, number and types of branching. The book further discusses the biological effects of tailored oligomers and synthetic beta-glucans, including innovative use of enzymatic processes in the synthesis of these compounds. This volume also discusses a hypothesis of beta-glucans’ increasing impact on the photodynamic therapy. In spite of many scientific papers describing the positive role of beta-glucans in protection against diseases, certain epidemiological data suggest that specific illnesses can be related to beta-glucan exposure. The fact of whether or not beta-glucan is an accompanying substance of these biologically active agents is also questioned. Biology and Chemistry of Beta-Glucan: Volume 2 focuses on the strictly scientific basis on the effects of beta-glucan on human health as well as other possibilities of beta-glucan application, such as protection of aquaculture against diseases.

Polysaccharides

Polysaccharides Book
Author : Gerald O. Aspinall
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-07-29
ISBN : 1483186431
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polysaccharides provides information pertinent to the fundamental aspects of the chemistry of polysaccharides. This book discusses the methods used for the isolation, purification, and structural determination of the various types of polysaccharide. Organized into 14 chapters, this book begins with an overview of the almost universal occurrence of natural macromolecules in living organisms where they form a variety of functions. This text then examines the isolation of polysaccharides, which involves solubilization in aqueous solvents or in dipolar aprotic solvents. Other chapters consider the industrial applications of polysaccharides and of their derivatives. This book discusses as well the procedure for the isolation of wood polysaccharides, which involves the preparation of a holocellulose by the selective solubilization of the lignin. The final chapter deals with the classes of complex natural polymers in which the nature of the linkage of sugar units to other structural units have been established. This book is a valuable resource for biologists.

Science and Technology of Fibers in Food Systems

Science and Technology of Fibers in Food Systems Book
Author : Jorge Welti-Chanes,Sergio O. Serna-Saldívar,Osvaldo Campanella,Viridiana Tejada-Ortigoza
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-04-15
ISBN : 3030386546
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This text provides comprehensive coverage of fibers used in food formulations, starting with the understanding of their basic chemical structure and how they are present and organized in the cell wall structure, their physicochemical and functional properties, their impact on the digestive process and their role and preventive action against various chronic diseases including colon cancer. The book focuses on traditional and new fiber rich sources, incorporating an integrated approach in terms of the technological and engineering processes used to obtain and incorporate them in traditional foods, plus their characterization, extraction and modification. The study of processing conditions including the chemical, physical and enzymatic processes of fiber extraction and modification are also covered, including traditional and emerging processing technologies, plus the application of fibers in the development of new products and processes. Science and Technology of Fibers in Food Systems integrates knowledge of fibers from their basic structural and property aspects and the applications of these ingredients to extraction process analysis, modification and feasibility for use at the industry level. The chapters incorporate the physiological aspects related to the consumption of fiber for prevention of serious diseases.

Polysaccharides in Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Applications

Polysaccharides in Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Applications Book
Author : Valentin Popa
Publisher : Smithers Rapra
Release : 2011-06-30
ISBN : 1847354386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polysaccharides in Medicinal and Pharmaceutical Applications presents new and specific aspects in the field of polysaccharides and their derivatives recommended for use in medicine and pharmacy. At the same time the aspects developed in this book will be useful to designing new systems for drugs delivery, immunomodulation, and new materials based on polysaccharides isolated from different sources and their derivatives.

Novel Enzyme and Whole Cell Biocatalysts

Novel Enzyme and Whole Cell Biocatalysts Book
Author : Anwar Sunna,Richard Daniellou
Publisher : MDPI
Release : 2020-11-04
ISBN : 3039434640
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The concept of a circular economy relies on waste reduction, valorization, and recycling. Global trends for “green” synthesis of chemicals have positioned the field of enzyme technology and biocatalysis (multi-enzymes and whole-cells) as an alternative for the synthesis of more social- and environmentally-responsible bio-based chemicals. Recent advances in synthetic biology, computational tools, and metabolic engineering have supported the discovery of new enzymes and the rational design of whole-cell biocatalysts. In this book, we highlight these current advances in the field of biocatalysis, with special emphasis on novel enzymes and whole-cell biocatalysts for applications in several industrial biotechnological applications.

Snack Foods

Snack Foods Book
Author : Sergio O. Serna-Saldivar
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-04-21
ISBN : 1000543366
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The diverse segments of the snack industries that generate close to $520 billion of annual sales are adapting to new consumer ́s expectations, especially in terms of convinience, flavor, shelf life, and nutritional and health claims. Snack Foods: Processing, Innovation, and Nutritional Aspects was conceptualized to thoroughly cover practical and scientific aspects related to the chemistry, technology, processing, functionality, quality control, analysis, and nutrition and health implications of the wide array of snacks derived from grains, fruits/vegetables, milk and meat/poultry/seafood. This book focuses on novel topics influencing food product development like innovation, new emerging technologies and the manufacturing of nutritious and health-promoting snacks with a high processing efficiency. The up-to-date chapters provide technical reviews emphasising flavored salty snacks commonly used as finger foods, including popcorn, wheat-based products (crispbreads, pretzels, crackers), lime-cooked maize snacks (tortilla chips and corn chips), extruded items (expanded and half products or pellets), potato chips, peanuts, almonds, tree nuts, and products derived from fruits/vegetables, milk, animal and marine sources. Key Features: Describes traditional and novel processes and unit operatios used for the industrial production of plant and animal-based snacks. Depicts major processes employed for the industrial production of raw materials, oils, flavorings and packaging materials used in snack food operations. Contains relevant and updated information about quality control and nutritional attributes and health implications of snack foods. Includes simple to understand flowcharts, relevant information in tables and recent innovations and trends. Divided into four sections, Snack Foods aims to understand the role of the major unit operations used to process snacks like thermal processes including deep-fat frying, seasoning, packaging and the emerging 3-D printing technology. Moreover, the book covers the processing and characteristics of the most relevant raw materials used in snack operations like cereal-based refined grits, starches and flours, followed by chapters for oils, seasoning formulations and packaging materials. The third and most extensive part of the book is comprised of several chapters which describe the manufacturing and quality control of snacks mentioned above. The fourth section is comprised of two chapters related to the nutritional and nutraceutical and health-promoting properties of all classes of snacks discussed herein.

Extracellular Sugar Based Biopolymers Matrices

Extracellular Sugar Based Biopolymers Matrices Book
Author : Ephraim Cohen,Hans Merzendorfer
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2019-07-02
ISBN : 3030129195
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The extracellular matrix (ECM) is an acellular three-dimensional network composed of proteins, glycoproteins, proteoglycans and exopolysaccharides. It primarily serves as a structural component in the tissues and organs of plants and animals, or forms biofilms in which bacterial cells are embedded. ECMs are highly dynamic structures that undergo continuous remodeling, and disruptions are frequently the result of pathological processes associated with severe diseases such as arteriosclerosis, neurodegenerative illness or cancer. In turn, bacterial biofilms are a source of concern for human health, as they are associated with resistance to antibiotics. Although exopolysaccharides are crucial for ECM formation and function, they have received considerably little attention to date. The respective chapters of this book comprehensively address such issues, and provide reviews on the structural, biochemical, molecular and biophysical properties of exopolysaccharides. These components are abundantly produced by virtually all taxa including bacteria, algae, plants, fungi, invertebrates and vertebrates. They include long unbranched homopolymers (cellulose, chitin/chitosan), linear copolymers (alginate, agarose), peptoglycans such as murein, heteropolymers like a variety of glycosaminoglycans (hyaluronan, dermatan, keratin, heparin, Pel), and branched heteropolymers such as pectin and hemicellulose. A separate chapter is dedicated to modern industrial and biomedical applications of exopolysaccharides and polysaccharide-based biocomposites. Their unique chemical, physical and mechanical properties have attracted considerable interest, inspired basic and applied research, and have already been harnessed to form structural biocomposite hybrids for tailor-made applications in regenerative medicine, bioengineering and biosensor design. Given its scope, this book provides a substantial source of basic and applied information for a wide range of scientists, as well as valuable textbook for graduate and advanced undergraduate students.

Agrobacterium Biology

Agrobacterium Biology Book
Author : Stanton B. Gelvin
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-11-28
ISBN : 3030032574
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume reviews various facets of Agrobacterium biology, from modern aspects of taxonomy and bacterial ecology to pathogenesis, bacterial cell biology, plant and fungal transformation, natural transgenics, and biotechnology. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation is the most extensively utilized platform for generating transgenic plants, but modern biotechnology applications derive from more than 40 years of intensive basic scientific research. Many of the biological principles established by this research have served as models for other bacteria, including human and animal pathogens. Written by leading experts and highlighting recent advances, this volume serves both as an introduction to Agrobacterium biology for students as well as a more comprehensive text for research scientists.

Innate Immunity in Aquatic Vertebrates

Innate Immunity in Aquatic Vertebrates Book
Author : Leon Grayfer,Stephanie DeWitte-Orr,Eva-Stina Isabella Edholm
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2020-01-17
ISBN : 2889634272
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Innate Immunity in Aquatic Vertebrates book written by Leon Grayfer,Stephanie DeWitte-Orr,Eva-Stina Isabella Edholm, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advances in Seed Biology

Advances in Seed Biology Book
Author : Paolo A. Sabelli,Brian A. Larkins
Publisher : Frontiers Media SA
Release : 2015-11-11
ISBN : 2889196755
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The seed plays a fundamental role in plant reproduction as well as a key source of energy, nutrients and raw materials for developing and sustaining humanity. With an expanding and generally more affluent world population projected to reach nine billion by mid-century, coupled to diminishing availability of inputs, agriculture is facing increasing challenges to ensure sufficient grain production. A deeper understanding of seed development, evolution and physiology will undoubtedly provide a fundamental basis to improve plant breeding practices and ultimately crop yields. Recent advances in genetic, biochemical, molecular and physiological research, mostly brought about by the deployment of novel high-throughput and high-sensitivity technologies, have begun to uncover and connect the molecular networks that control and integrate different aspects of seed development and help determine the economic value of grain crops with unprecedented details. The objective of this e-book is to provide a compilation of original research articles, reviews, hypotheses and perspectives that have recently been published in Frontiers in Plant Science, Plant Evolution and Development as part of the Research Topic entitled "Advances in Seed Biology". Editing this Research Topic has been an extremely interesting, educational and rewarding experience, and we sincerely thank all authors who contributed their expertise and in-depth knowledge of the different topics discussed. We hope that the information presented here will help to establish the state of the art of this field and will convey how exciting and important studying seeds is and hopefully will stimulate a new crop of scientists devoted to investigating the biology of seeds.

The Fungal Cell Wall

The Fungal Cell Wall Book
Author : Jean-Paul Latgé
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-08-12
ISBN : 3030499286
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book illustrates, that the fungal cell wall is critical for the biology and ecology of all fungi and especially for human fungal pathogens. Readers will learn, that the composition of the fungal cell wall is a unique structure, which cannot be found in the human host. Consequently, the chapters outline, how the immune systems of both animals and humans have evolved to recognize conserved and unique elements of the fungal cell wall. As an application example, the authors also show, that the three-dimensional structures of the cell wall are excellent targets for the development of antifungal agents and chemotherapeutic strategies. With the combination of biological findings and medical outlooks, this volume is a fascinating read for scientists, clinicians and biomedical students.

Aquatic Biopolymers

Aquatic Biopolymers Book
Author : Ololade Olatunji
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-01-20
ISBN : 3030347095
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive survey about the most recent developments in industrial applications, processing techniques and modifications of polymers from marine sources. It systematically introduces the reader to the biomaterials Chitin, Collagen, Alginates, Cellulose and Polyesters and links their interwoven industrial significance and environmental implications. The book elucidates the impact of industrial sourcing of the aquatic system for organic and inorganic matter on the environment and deepens the understanding of the industrial and economic significance of aquatic biopolymers. Further it addresses the question of how to balance the conservation of aquatic life and the industrial and economic interest in developing biodegradable alternatives for plastic. Thus the book will appeal to scientists in the field of chemistry, materials and polymer science as well as engineering.

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry Book
Author : Atta-ur-Rahman
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2017-04-21
ISBN : 0444639365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Studies in Natural Products Chemistry, Volume 53, covers the synthesis, testing, and recording of the medicinal properties of natural products, providing cutting-edge accounts of the fascinating developments in the isolation, structure elucidation, synthesis, biosynthesis, and pharmacology of a diverse array of bioactive natural products. Natural products in the plant and animal kingdom offer a huge diversity of chemical structures that are the result of biosynthetic processes that have been modulated over the millennia through genetic effects. With the rapid developments in spectroscopic techniques and accompanying advances in high-throughput screening techniques, it has become possible to isolate and then determine the structures and biological activity of natural products rapidly, thus opening up exciting opportunities in the field of new drug development to the pharmaceutical industry that are discussed and highlighted in this series. Focuses on the chemistry of bioactive natural products Contains contributions by leading authorities in the field Presents sources of new pharmacophores

Carbohydrate Chemistry

Carbohydrate Chemistry Book
Author : Amelia Pilar Rauter,Thisbe Lindhorst,Yves Queneau
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2017-12-12
ISBN : 178801409X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Demonstrating the interdisciplinary nature of modern glycosciences, this volume covers research in the fields of polysaccharides and small carbohydrates from the synthetic and structural viewpoints, with applications ranging from biology to the bioeconomy. Key aspects of the synthesis and properties of imino disaccharides and regioselective glycosylation reactions are reviewed, glycosyltransferase inhibitors are shown to be potential future therapeutic agents, protein-carbohydrate interactions in plant cell-wall biodegradation are targeted by the use of glycan microarrays, biological properties of polysaccharidic microbial surface antigens are discussed with respect to their intimate structure, and contributions on carbohydrate-based hydrogelators, green/blue sugar-based surfactants and carbohydrate-based green solvents illustrate the modern design of tomorrow’s chemicals. With the increase in volume, velocity and variety of information, researchers can find it difficult to keep up to date with the literature in their field and this book remains a valuable addition to any researcher’s library.

Chemistry and Biology of 1 3 Glucans

Chemistry and Biology of 1 3    Glucans Book
Author : Bruce A. Stone,Adrienne Elizabeth Clarke
Publisher : International Specialized Book Service Incorporated
Release : 1992
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book presents a comprehensive and systematic survey on (1-3)-B-glucans. Glucans with the (1-3)-B-glucosidic linkage as a major feature, are present in most higher plants and many lower plants and microorganisms. They may occur as major structural or storage components or be formed at very specific sites in response to particular developmental events or stimuli. In many cases their functional role is a mystery, in others it is well established. Their distribution and physiological involvement indicates that they are important to fields such as agriculture and biotechnology, and may also have an impact in medicine, through their role in immunology and cancer therapy.

Handbook of Nanotechnology in Nutraceuticals

Handbook of Nanotechnology in Nutraceuticals Book
Author : Shakeel Ahmed,Tanima Bhattacharya,Annu,Akbar Ali
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2022-11-21
ISBN : 1000770788
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanotechnology has been emerging as an important tool in the nutraceutical and food industries to improve the overall quality of life. Nanotechnology has established a new horizon by bestowing modified properties on nanomaterials and applying them to the production of nanoformulations, nutritional supplements, and the food industry. The Handbook of Nanotechnology in Nutraceuticals highlights the impact of nanotechnology on the food industries. The book focuses on the application of nanotechnology in nutraceuticals and the food industry to improve the overall quality of life. The book also addresses some important applications of nano-nutraceuticals in the treatment of different diseases, such as oxidative stress, cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, cardiovascular diseases, and so on. Features • Presents a scientometric approach to analyze the emergence of nano-nutraceuticals in cancer prevention and treatment • Examines various strategies employed to prepare nanocarrier systems, such as nanoparticles, nanostructure lipids, phospholipid-based nanocarriers, polysaccharide-based nanostructures, and metal nanoparticles • Discusses various regulatory issues related to nanotechnology and their application in different fields This book is a valuable reference for nanotechnologists, scientists, and researchers working in the field of food technology, food science, pharmaceuticals, and nutraceuticals.

Plant Cell Walls

Plant Cell Walls Book
Author : Peter Albersheim,Alan Darvill,Keith Roberts,Ron Sederoff,Andrew Staehelin
Publisher : Garland Science
Release : 2010-04-15
ISBN : 1136843582
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Plant cell walls are complex, dynamic cellular structures essential for plant growth, development, physiology and adaptation. Plant Cell Walls provides an in depth and diverse view of the microanatomy, biosynthesis and molecular physiology of these cellular structures, both in the life of the plant and in their use for bioproducts and biofuels. Plant Cell Walls is a textbook for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students, as well as a professional-level reference book. Over 400 drawings, micrographs, and photographs provide visual insight into the latest research, as well as the uses of plant cell walls in everyday life, and their applications in biotechnology. Illustrated panels concisely review research methods and tools; a list of key terms is given at the end of each chapter; and extensive references organized by concept headings provide readers with guidance for entry into plant cell wall literature. Cell wall material is of considerable importance to the biofuel, food, timber, and pulp and paper industries as well as being a major focus of research in plant growth and sustainability that are of central interest in present day agriculture and biotechnology. The production and use of plants for biofuel and bioproducts in a time of need for responsible global carbon use requires a deep understanding of the fundamental biology of plants and their cell walls. Such an understanding will lead to improved plant processes and materials, and help provide a sustainable resource for meeting the future bioenergy and bioproduct needs of humankind.

Innovations in Fermentation and Phytopharmaceutical Technologies

Innovations in Fermentation and Phytopharmaceutical Technologies Book
Author : Hrudayanath Thatoi,Sonali Mohapatra,Swagat Kumar Das
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-06-14
ISBN : 0128218924
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Innovations in Fermentation and Phytopharmaceutical Technologies discusses recent advancements in the field of different bioprocessing aspects for the development of different reactors, fermented products and phytopharmaceuticals. Written by leading experts in the field, the book presents the basic principles of upstream processing techniques, advanced downstream process technologies, and recycling of by-products during formation/production of various fermented and phytopharmaceutical products. The informative chapters in the book outline an application-oriented path for academicians, researchers and scientists in the field of industrial fermentation technology and phytopharmaceutical production. Includes concepts and examples of bioreactors, fermentation processes, fermentative and phytopharmaceutical products Describes the application of concepts of product formation, product recovery and waste utilization Provides new updates of information on the technological aspects of upstream and downstream processes/equipment and their respective products