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Chemical Fate And Transport In The Environment

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Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment Book
Author : Harold F. Hemond,Elizabeth J. Fechner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2014-06-13
ISBN : 0123982669
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The third edition of Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment—winner of a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association—explains the fundamental principles of mass transport, chemical partitioning, and chemical/biological transformations in surface waters, in soil and groundwater, and in air. Each of these three major environmental media is introduced by descriptive overviews, followed by a presentation of the controlling physical, chemical, and biological processes. The text emphasizes intuitively based mathematical models for chemical transport and transformations in the environment, and serves both as a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental science and engineering, and as a standard reference for environmental practitioners. Winner of a 2015 Texty Award from the Text and Academic Authors Association Includes many worked examples as well as extensive exercises at the end of each chapter Illustrates the interconnections and similarities among environmental media through its coverage of surface waters, the subsurface, and the atmosphere Written and organized concisely to map to a single-semester course Discusses and builds upon fundamental concepts, ensuring that the material is accessible to readers who do not have an extensive background in environmental science

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment Book
Author : Harold F. Hemond,Elizabeth J. Fechner
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483288641
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment is a textbook for upper division undergraduate and graduate students studying environmental sciences in engineering, hydrology, chemistry, and other related disciplines. It covers the fundamental principles of mass transport and chemical partitioning, and the transformation of substances in surface water, in groundwater or subsurface environments, and in the atmosphere. Three major areas-surface water, ground water, and air-are covered, with descriptive overviews for each area. Each major section begins by describing environment: its controlling physical, chemical, and biological processes. The book also contains examples of common environmental problems and includes problem sets at the end of each chapter. Text that has been developed from a course taught at MIT Broad-based coverage of the environmental sciences A more rigorous treatment of transport than found in other texts Exercise sets at the end of each chapter Examples of current environmental problems fully integrated into the text Ample references for access to the primary literature Numerous illustrations throughout

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment Book
Author : Harold F. Hemond,Elizabeth J. Fechner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2000
ISBN : 9780123402752
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emphasis is placed on intuitively based mathematical models for chemical transport and transformations. Although developed for a one-semester graduate course, Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment, Second Edition, is also an essential reference for environmental practitioners in industry, consulting, and government agencies."--BOOK JACKET.

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment Book
Author : Harold F. Hemond,Elizabeth J. Fechner
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2022-07-21
ISBN : 0128222530
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemical Fate and Transport in the Environment, Fourth Edition explains the fundamental principles of mass transport, chemical partitioning, and chemical/biological transformations in surface waters, in soil and groundwater, and in air. Each of these three major environmental media is introduced by descriptive overviews, followed by a presentation of the controlling physical, chemical, and biological processes. The text emphasizes intuitively based mathematical models for chemical transport and transformations in the environment and serves both as a textbook for senior undergraduate and graduate courses in environmental science and engineering, and as a standard reference for environmental practitioners. Following on the previous edition, which won a 2015 Textbook Excellence Award (Texty) from The Text and Academic Authors Association, this edition expands the discussion of applications for sustainability, adds coverage of the hyperheic zone discussion in Chapter 3, highlights the relationships between chemical structures and properties, and includes new and/or previously underestimated classes of pollutants, such as PCPs, pfos, pfoa, microplastics, microfibers, and nanoparticles. Additionally, it updates tables, figures, and references and includes worked problems and exercises ad the end of each chapter. Includes many worked examples and extensive exercises at the end of each chapter, as well as a solutions manual for instructors Illustrates the interconnections, similarities, and contrasts among the three major environmental media: surface waters, groundwater, and the atmosphere Discusses and builds upon fundamental concepts, thereby constructing a foundation upon which students can realistically address environmental problems as well as proceed to more advanced studies

Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment

Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment Book
Author : John S. Gulliver
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-12
ISBN : 1461457319
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

What happens when a chemical is released into the environment? It diffuses, disperses, adsorbs, reacts, and/or changes state. To predict and analyze this process, the mathematics of diffusion is applied to lakes, rivers, groundwater, the atmosphere, the oceans, and transport between these media. A sustainable world requires a deep understanding of the transport of chemicals through the environment and how to address and harness this process. This volume presents a succinct and in-depth introduction to this critical topic. Featuring authoritative, peer-reviewed articles from the Encyclopedia of Sustainability Science and Technology, Transport and Fate of Chemicals in the Environment represents an essential one-stop reference for an audience of researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, and industry professionals.

Transport Fate of Chemicals in Soils

Transport   Fate of Chemicals in Soils Book
Author : H. Magdi Selim
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2014-09-17
ISBN : 146655794X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

During the last four decades, tremendous advances have been made towards the understanding of transport characteristics of contaminants in soils, solutes, and tracers in geological media. Transport & Fate of Chemicals in Soils: Principles & Applications offers a comprehensive treatment of the subject complete with supporting examples of mathematical models that describe contaminants reactivity and transport in soils and aquifers. This approach makes it a practical guide for designing experiments and collecting data that focus on characterizing retention as well as release kinetic reactions in soils and contaminant transport experiments in the laboratory, greenhouse), and in the field. The book provides the basic framework of the principals governing the sorption and transport of chemicalsin soils. It focuses on physical processes such as fractured media, multiregion, multiple porosities, and heterogeneity and effect of scale as well as chemical processes such as nonlinear kinetics, release and desorption hysteresis, multisite and multireaction reactions, and competitive-type reactions. The coverage also includes details of sorption behavior of chemicals with soil matrix surfaces as well the integration of sorption characteristics with mechanisms that govern solute transport in soils. The discussions of applications of the principles of sorption and transport are not restricted to contaminants, but also include nitrogen, phosphorus, and trace elements including essential micronutrients, heavy metals, military explosives, pesticides, and radionuclides. Written in a very clear and easy-to-follow language by a pioneer in soil science, this book details the basic framework of the physical and chemical processes governing the transport of contaminants, trace elements, and heavy metals in soils. Highly practical, it includes laboratory methods, examples, and empirical formulations. The approach taken by the author gives you not only the fundamentals of understanding of reactive chemicals retention and their transport in soils and aquifers, but practical guidance you can put to immediate use in designing experiments and collecting data.

A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport

A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transport Book
Author : Frank M. Dunnivant,Elliot Anders
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2006-02-17
ISBN : 0471758124
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A uniquely accessible text on environmental modeling designedfor both students and industry personnel Pollutant fate and modeling are becoming increasingly importantin both regulatory and scientific areas. However,the complexity ofthe software and models often act as an inhibitor to theadvancement of water quality science. A Basic Introduction to Pollutant Fate and Transportfills the need for a basic instructional tool for students andenvironmental professionals who lack the rigorous mathematicalbackground necessary to derive the governing fate and transportequations. Taking a refreshingly simple approach to the subjectthat requires only a basic knowledge of algebra and first-yearcollege chemistry, the book presents and integrates all of theaspects of fate and transport, including chemistry, modeling, riskassessment, and relevant environmental legislation; approachingeach topic first conceptually before introducing the math necessaryto model it. The first half of the book is dedicated to the chemistry andphysics behind the fate and transport models, while the second halfteaches and reinforces the logical concepts underlying fate andtransport modeling. This better prepares students for support jobsin the environmental arena surrounding chemical industry andSuperfund sites. Contributing to the book's ease of use are: An extremely user-friendly software program, Fate, which usesbasic models to predict the fate and transport of pollutants inlakes, rivers, groundwater, and atmospheric systems The use of "canned" models to evaluate the importance of modelparameters and sensitivity analysis A wealth of easy-to-understand examples and problems A chapter on environmental legislation in the United States andEurope A set of lab exercises, as well as a downloadable set ofteaching aids A much-needed basic text for contemporary hydrology orenvironmental chemistry courses and support courses fortheenvironmental industry, this is a valuable desk reference foreducators and industry professionals.

Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment

Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment Book
Author : Louis J. Thibodeaux,Donald Mackay
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2010-10-21
ISBN : 1420047566
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive account of the state of the science of environmental mass transportEdited by Louis J. Thibodeaux and Donald Mackay, renowned experts in this field, the Handbook of Chemical Mass Transport in the Environment covers those processes which are critically important for assessing chemical fate, exposure, and risk. In a comprehensive and a

Environmental Sustainability for Engineers and Applied Scientists

Environmental Sustainability for Engineers and Applied Scientists Book
Author : Greg Peters,Magdalena Svanström
Publisher : Cambridge University Press
Release : 2019-03-14
ISBN : 1107166829
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Connects a qualitative perspective of environmental management with the quantitative skills used by engineering and applied science students.

Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia

Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia Book
Author : Frank M. Dunnivant,Elliot Anders
Publisher : Wiley
Release : 2019-05-07
ISBN : 1119414628
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Bridges the gaps between regulatory, engineering, and science disciplines in order to comprehensively cover pollutant fate and transport in environmental multimedia This book presents and integrates all aspects of fate and transport: chemistry, modeling, various forms of assessment, and the environmental legal framework. It approaches each of these topics initially from a conceptual perspective before explaining the concepts in terms of the math necessary to model the problem so that students of all levels can learn and eventually contribute to the advancement of water quality science. The first third of Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia is dedicated to the relevant aspects of chemistry behind the fate and transport processes. It provides relatively simple examples and problems to teach these principles. The second third of the book is based on the conceptual derivation and the use of common models to evaluate the importance of model parameters and sensitivity analysis; complex equation derivations are given in appendices. Computer exercises and available simulators teach and enforce the concepts and logic behind fate and transport modeling. The last third of the book is focused on various aspects of assessment (toxicology, risk, benefit-cost, and life cycle) and environmental legislation in the US, Europe, and China. The book closes with a set of laboratory exercises that illustrate chemical and fate and transport concepts covered in the text, with example results for most experiments. Features more introductory material on past environmental disasters and the continued need to study environmental chemistry and engineering Covers chemical toxicology with various forms of assessment, United States, European, and Chinese regulations, and advanced fate and transport modeling and regulatory implications Provides a conceptual and relatively simple mathematical approach to fate and transport modeling, yet complex derivations of most equations are given in appendices Integrates the use of numerous software packages (pC-pH, EnviroLab Simulators, Water, Wastewater, and Global Issues), and Fate©2016 Contains numerous easy-to-understand examples and problems along with answers for most end-of-the-chapter problems, and simulators for answers to fate and transport questions Includes numerous companion laboratory experiments with EnviroLab Requiring just a basic knowledge of algebra and first-year college chemistry to start, Pollutant Fate and Transport in Environmental Multimedia is an excellent textbook for upper-level undergraduate and graduate faculty and students studying environmental engineering and science.

Environmental Modeling

Environmental Modeling Book
Author : Jerald L. Schnoor
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1996-10-04
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive, thoroughly modern approach to environmental quality assessment The only textbook to combine engineering transport fundamentals and equilibrium aquatic chemistry, Environmental Modeling brings a uniquely contemporary perspective to the assessment of environmental quality. Addressing key questions about fate, transport, and long-term effects of chemical pollutants in the environment, this inherently practical text gives readers the important tools they need to develop and solve their own mathematical models. Contains detailed examples from a wide range of crucial water quality areas-conventional pollutants in rivers, eutrophication of lakes, and toxic organic chemicals and heavy metals in both surface and groundwaters Examines current global issues, including atmospheric deposition, hazardous wastes, soil pollution, global change, and more Features over 200 high-quality illustrations, plus skill-building problems in every chapter Fresh in approach and broad in scope, Environmental Modeling is must reading for today's graduate and advanced undergraduate students in environmental sciences and engineering-a rich, invaluable, and superlative new resource.

Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data

Handbook of Environmental Fate and Exposure Data Book
Author : PhilipH. Howard
Publisher : Routledge
Release : 2017-09-29
ISBN : 1351442813
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This 5-volume set allows you to assess the health and environmental effects of chemicals by determining the routes of exposure of the chemical to sensitive organisms. Environmental Fate and Exposure of Organic Chemicals provides relevant facts on how individual chemicals behave in the environment and how humans and environmental organisms are exposed to the chemicals during their production, rise, transport, and disposal. Each chemical is prepared by one of the best-known organizations in environmental fate and exposure and is peer-reviewed by a panel of expert scientists. The information on each chemical includes all experimental values and references for physical properties, all chemical fate studies, and all available monitoring data and interpretative summaries.

Fate and Transport of Organic Chemicals in the Environment

Fate and Transport of Organic Chemicals in the Environment Book
Author : Ronald E. Ney
Publisher : Government Inst
Release : 1998
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fate and Transport provides the equations and background information you need to predict the fate and transport of chemicals in air, water, soil, flora, and fauna, and to prevent your exposure to toxic chemicals. Featuring 22 new mathematical calculations for predicting the fate and transport of 100 non-pesticide organic compounds, this Third Edition provides you with easy-to-read explanations of how chemicals travel through the environmental compartments, how they break down, and how key physical and chemical properties of chemicals (including water solubility, volatility, and soil sorbtion or adsorption) affect fate and transport. The book also addresses methods for predicting pesticide and fish hazards, offer complete samples of calculations and exposure analyses, includes date for 203 commonly encountered chemical substances, and explains hazard prediction based on chemical structure.

Emerging Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Systems

Emerging Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Systems Book
Author : Bin Gao
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-16
ISBN : 012824089X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Contaminants in Soil and Groundwater Systems: Occurrence, Impact, Fate and Transport addresses the current need for comprehensive and detailed information on emerging contaminants in the environment. Due to increasing industrial expansion and evolving technologies, novel contaminants are being found in the environment with little information on their analysis, fate and transport. This book covers pharmaceuticals and personal care products, perfluorinated compounds, engineered nanoparticles and microplastics, providing the information environmental scientists require to study their occurrence and interactions, including case studies for each contaminant. This book is a valuable read for postgraduate students, academics, researchers, engineers and other professionals in the fields of Environmental Science, Soil Science, and Hydrology who need the most up-to-date information and analytical methods for analyzing newly emerging contaminants in soil and groundwater. Presents the four most important emerging contaminants of concern that have had little comprehensive coverage to date: pharmaceuticals and personal care products, perfluorinated compounds, engineered nanoparticles and microplastics Focuses on the fate and transport of each emerging contaminant, providing a thorough description of how each contaminant interacts with the environment Includes case studies of each emerging contaminant to complement advances in research to form a comprehensive reference for all emerging contaminants

Prediction of the Environmental Fate of Chemicals

Prediction of the Environmental Fate of Chemicals Book
Author : Y. Samiullah
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9400922116
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Concern over the effects of chemicals in the environment has been increasing for many years. Environmental contamination by DDT, Aldrin, Dieldrin, mercury, PCBs, organotins and many other sub stances are all part of the public consciousness and have led to widespread attention to this topic. Some of the concerns have arisen because human health has been affected when contaminants have been consumed via the food chain-for instance in the case of 'Minimata disease' in Japan. In other cases, direct effects on other components of ecosystems have given cause for alarm. The toxic effects which any chemical can cause are a function of exposure and innate toxicity, i.e. of the ability to reach in sufficient quantity a site where a biological process can be disrupted and of the tendency to cause disruption when it gets there. The processes by which chemicals reach sites of toxic action are the subject of this book, and are a fundamental consideration in ecotoxi cology. When a chemical enters the environment e.g. via a spillage or in an effluent, it is potentially subject to a wide variety of processes which may eliminate it from the environment completely, modify it into a more or less harmful substance, or transfer it to another part of the environment. The processes involved are complex and highly variable, but it is essential to increase our understanding of them.

Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States

Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in the United States Book
Author : John P. Giesy,Keith R. Solomon
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2014-04-10
ISBN : 3319038656
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Fate and Transport of Contaminants in the Environment

Fate and Transport of Contaminants in the Environment Book
Author : John C. Walton
Publisher : College Pub
Release : 2008
ISBN : 9781932780048
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Fate and Transport of Contaminants in the Environment book written by John C. Walton, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment Book
Author : Hemen Sarma,Delfina C. Dominguez,Wen-Yee Lee
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2022-01-08
ISBN : 032385981X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Emerging Contaminants in the Environment: Challenges and Sustainable Practices covers all aspects of emerging contaminants in the environment, from basic understanding to different types of emerging contaminants and how these threaten organisms, their environmental fate studies, detection methods, and sustainable practices of dealing with contaminants. Emerging contaminant remediation is a pressing need due to the ever-increasing pollution in the environment, and it has gained a lot of scientific and public attention due to its high effectiveness and sustainability. The discussions in the book on the bioremediation of these contaminants are covered from the perspective of proven technologies and practices through case studies and real-world data. One of the main benefits of this book is that it summarizes future challenges and sustainable solutions. It can, therefore, become an effective guide to the elimination (through sustainable practices) of emerging contaminants. At the back of these explorations on sustainable bioremediation of emerging contaminants lies the set of 17 goals articulated by the United Nations in its 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, adopted by all its member states. This book provides academics, researchers, students, and practitioners interested in the detection and elimination of emerging contaminants from the environment, with the latest advances by leading experts in emerging contaminants the field of environmental sciences. Covers most aspects of the most predominant emerging contaminants in the environment, including in soil, air, and water Describes the occurrence of these contaminants, the problems they cause, and the sustainable practices to deal with the contaminants Includes data from case studies to provide real-world examples of sustainable practices and emerging contaminant remediation

GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling

GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling Book
Author : Alberto Pistocchi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-01-28
ISBN : 1118523709
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Explains how GIS enhances the development of chemical fateand transport models Over the past decade, researchers have discovered thatgeographic information systems (GIS) are not only excellent toolsfor managing and displaying maps, but also useful in the analysisof chemical fate and transport in the environment. Among its manybenefits, GIS facilitates the identification of critical factorsthat drive chemical fate and transport. Moreover, GIS makes iteasier to communicate and explain key model assumptions. Based on the author's firsthand experience in environmentalassessment, GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling explores bothGIS and chemical fate and transport modeling fundamentals, creatingan interface between the two domains. It then explains how GISanalytical functions enable scientists to develop simple, yetcomprehensive spatially explicit chemical fate and transport modelsthat support real-world applications. In addition, the bookfeatures: Practical examples of GIS based model calculations that serveas templates for the development of new applications Exercises enabling readers to create their own GIS basedmodels Accompanying website featuring downloadable datasets used inthe book's examples and exercises References to the literature, websites, data repositories, andonline reports to facilitate further research Coverage of important topics such as spatial decision supportsystems and multi-criteria analysis as well as ecological and humanhealth risk assessment in a spatial context GIS Based Chemical Fate Modeling makes a uniquecontribution to the environmental sciences by explaining how GISanalytical functions enhance the development and interpretation ofchemical fate and transport models. Environmental scientists shouldturn to this book to gain a deeper understanding of the role of GISin describing what happens to chemicals when they are released intothe environment.

Fate and Transport of Subsurface Pollutants

Fate and Transport of Subsurface Pollutants Book
Author : Pankaj Kumar Gupta,Ram Naresh Bharagava
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2020-10-20
ISBN : 9811565643
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume offers detailed information on the behaviour of various water pollutants, and on the principles and concepts of groundwater flow and transport. It will help readers to understand and execute the planning, supervision, and review of solute transport and groundwater modeling projects. The book also discusses the role and fate of elements that have been identified as major contaminants in surface and subsurface waters, and their adverse effects on ecology and human health. The book explores this theme throughout four sections – a. Understanding Soil-Water Systems, b. Fate and Transport of Pollutants, c. Physico-Chemical Treatment of Wastewater and d. Microbial Techniques Used to Decontaminate Soil-Water Systems. Introducing readers to a range of recent advances concerning the fundamentals of subsurface water treatment, it offers a valuable guide for teachers, researchers, policymakers, and undergraduate and graduate students of hydrology, environmental microbiology, biotechnology and the environmental sciences. It also provides field engineers and industrial practitioners with essential support in the effective remediation and management of polluted sites.