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Chemical Bonding At Surfaces And Interfaces

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Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces

Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Anders Nilsson,Lars G.M. Pettersson,Jens Norskov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-11
ISBN : 9780080551913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular surface science has made enormous progress in the past 30 years. The development can be characterized by a revolution in fundamental knowledge obtained from simple model systems and by an explosion in the number of experimental techniques. The last 10 years has seen an equally rapid development of quantum mechanical modeling of surface processes using Density Functional Theory (DFT). Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces focuses on phenomena and concepts rather than on experimental or theoretical techniques. The aim is to provide the common basis for describing the interaction of atoms and molecules with surfaces and this to be used very broadly in science and technology. The book begins with an overview of structural information on surface adsorbates and discusses the structure of a number of important chemisorption systems. Chapter 2 describes in detail the chemical bond between atoms or molecules and a metal surface in the observed surface structures. A detailed description of experimental information on the dynamics of bond-formation and bond-breaking at surfaces make up Chapter 3. Followed by an in-depth analysis of aspects of heterogeneous catalysis based on the d-band model. In Chapter 5 adsorption and chemistry on the enormously important Si and Ge semiconductor surfaces are covered. In the remaining two Chapters the book moves on from solid-gas interfaces and looks at solid-liquid interface processes. In the final chapter an overview is given of the environmentally important chemical processes occurring on mineral and oxide surfaces in contact with water and electrolytes. Gives examples of how modern theoretical DFT techniques can be used to design heterogeneous catalysts This book suits the rapid introduction of methods and concepts from surface science into a broad range of scientific disciplines where the interaction between a solid and the surrounding gas or liquid phase is an essential component Shows how insight into chemical bonding at surfaces can be applied to a range of scientific problems in heterogeneous catalysis, electrochemistry, environmental science and semiconductor processing Provides both the fundamental perspective and an overview of chemical bonding in terms of structure, electronic structure and dynamics of bond rearrangements at surfaces

Metal Polymer Systems

Metal Polymer Systems Book
Author : Jrg Friedrich
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2017-12-04
ISBN : 352733677X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The result of decades of research by a pioneer in the field, this is the first book to deal exclusively with achieving high-performance metal-polymer composites by chemical bonding. Covering both the academic and practical aspects, the author focuses on the chemistry of interfaces between metals and polymers with a particular emphasis on the chemical bonding between the different materials. He elucidates the various approaches to obtaining a stable interface, including, but not limited to, thermodynamically driven redox reactions, bond protection to prevent hydrolysis, the introduction of barrier layers, and stabilization by spacer molecules. Throughout, chemical bonding is promoted as a simple and economically viable alternative to adhesion based on reversible weak physical interaction. Consequently, the text equips readers with the practical tools necessary for designing high-strength metal-polymer composites with such desired properties as resilience, flexibility, rigidity or degradation resistance.

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Harald Ibach
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-10-06
ISBN : 3540347097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This graduate-level textbook covers the major developments in surface sciences of recent decades, from experimental tricks and basic techniques to the latest experimental methods and theoretical understanding. It is unique in its attempt to treat the physics of surfaces, thin films and interfaces, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, statistical physics and the physics of the solid/electrolyte interface in an integral manner, rather than in separate compartments. It is designed as a handbook for the researcher as well as a study-text for graduate students. Written explanations are supported by 350 graphs and illustrations.

Frontiers in Surface Science and Interface Science

Frontiers in Surface Science and Interface Science Book
Author : C.B. Duke,E. Ward Plummer
Publisher : Gulf Professional Publishing
Release : 2002-06-04
ISBN : 9780444510419
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Any notion that surface science is all about semiconductors and coatings is laid to rest by this encyclopedic publication: Bioengineered interfaces in medicine, interstellar dust, DNA computation, conducting polymers, the surfaces of atomic nuclei - all are brought up to date. Frontiers in Surface and Interface Science - a milestone publication deserving a wide readership. It combines a sweeping expert survey of research today with an educated look into the future. It is a future that embraces surface phenomena on scales from the subatomic to the galactic, as well as traditional topics like semiconductor design, catalysis, and surface processing, modeling and characterization. And, great efforts have been made to express sophisticated ideas in an attractive and accessible way. Nanotechnology, surfaces for DNA computation, polymer-based electronics, soft surfaces, interstellar surface chemistry - all feature in this comprehensive collection.

Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces

Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Winfried Mönch
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2001-04-10
ISBN : 9783540679028
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Semiconductor Surfaces and Interfaces deals with structural and electronic properties of semiconductor surfaces and interfaces. The first part introduces the general aspects of space-charge layers, of clean-surface and adatom-induced surfaces states, and of interface states. It is followed by a presentation of experimental results on clean and adatom-covered surfaces which are explained in terms of simple physical and chemical concepts. Where available, results of more refined calculations are considered. This third edition has been thoroughly revised and updated. In particular it now includes an extensive discussion of the band lineup at semiconductor interfaces. The unifying concept is the continuum of interface-induced gap states.

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Book
Author : Gabor A. Somorjai
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1994-03-18
ISBN :
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The unique character of the surface chemical bond - spotlighted in recent surface science studies - is then explored, with a particular emphasis on adsorbate-substrate and adsorbate-adsorbate interactions.

Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials Book
Author : Leonard J. Brillson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-06-26
ISBN : 3527665722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An advanced level textbook covering geometric, chemical, and electronic structure of electronic materials, and their applications to devices based on semiconductor surfaces, metal-semiconductor interfaces, and semiconductor heterojunctions. Starting with the fundamentals of electrical measurements on semiconductor interfaces, it then describes the importance of controlling macroscopic electrical properties by atomic-scale techniques. Subsequent chapters present the wide range of surface and interface techniques available to characterize electronic, optical, chemical, and structural properties of electronic materials, including semiconductors, insulators, nanostructures, and organics. The essential physics and chemistry underlying each technique is described in sufficient depth with references to the most authoritative sources for more exhaustive discussions, while numerous examples are provided throughout to illustrate the applications of each technique. With its general reading lists, extensive citations to the text, and problem sets appended to all chapters, this is ideal for students of electrical engineering, physics and materials science. It equally serves as a reference for physicists, material science and electrical and electronic engineers involved in surface and interface science, semiconductor processing, and device modeling and design. This is a coproduction of Wiley and IEEE * Free solutions manual available for lecturers at www.wiley-vch.de/supplements/

Handbook of Surface and Interface Analysis

Handbook of Surface and Interface Analysis Book
Author : John C. Riviere,Sverre Myhra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2009-06-24
ISBN : 1420007807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The original Handbook of Surface and Interface Analysis: Methods for Problem-Solving was based on the authors' firm belief that characterization and analysis of surfaces should be conducted in the context of problem solving and not be based on the capabilities of any individual technique. Now, a decade later, trends in science and technology appear

Surface and Interface Analysis

Surface and Interface Analysis Book
Author : Rudolf Holze
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-10-08
ISBN : 354049829X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A broad, almost encyclopedic overview of spectroscopic and other analytical techniques useful for investigations of phase boundaries in electrochemistry is presented. The analysis of electrochemical interfaces and interphases on a microscopic, even molecular level, is of central importance for an improved understanding of the structure and dynamics of these phase boundaries. The gained knowledge will be needed for improvements of methods and applications reaching from electrocatalysis, electrochemical energy conversion, biocompatibility of metals, corrosion protection to galvanic surface treatment and finishing. The book provides an overview as complete as possible and enables the reader to choose methods most suitable for tackling his particular task. It is nevertheless compact and does not flood the reader with the details of review papers.

Surfaces and Interfaces of Liquid Crystals

Surfaces and Interfaces of Liquid Crystals Book
Author : Theo Rasing,Igor Musevic
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2004-08-11
ISBN : 9783540207894
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the state of the art of our understanding of liquid-crystal interfaces on a molecular level. The interactions of liquid crystal molecules with a surface play an essential role in the operation of liquid crystal displays (LCD's) and other LC devices that are based on the controllable anchoring of LC molecules on polymer coated surfaces. This book addresses the microscopic interaction between a macromolecule (liquid crystal, polymer) and a wall, using state of the art surface and interface-sensitive experimental techniques, such as Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), Scanning Tunneling Microscopy (STM), Linear and Nonlinear Optical Microscopy and (Dynamic) Light Scattering (DLS). These experimental techniques were complemented with computer simulations and supra molecular chemistry methods to develop controllable polymeric surfaces.

Surface and Interface Science Volumes 1 and 2

Surface and Interface Science  Volumes 1 and 2 Book
Author : Klaus Wandelt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-04-16
ISBN : 3527411569
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Covering interface science from a novel surface science perspective, this unique handbook offers a comprehensive overview of this burgeoning field. Eight topical volumes cover basic concepts and methods, elemental and composite surfaces, solid-gas, solid-liquid and inorganic biological interfaces, as well as applications of surface science in nanotechnology, materials science and molecular electronics. With its broad scope and clear structure, it is ideal as a reference for scientists in the field, as well as an introduction for newcomers.

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Manfred Stamm
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-01-26
ISBN : 9783540738657
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In what is an extremely practical and applicable new work, experts provide concise explanations, with examples and illustrations, of the key techniques in this important field. In each case, after basic principles have been reviewed, applications of the experimental techniques are discussed and illustrated with specific examples. Scientists and engineers in research and development will benefit from an application-oriented book that helps them to find solutions to both fundamental and applied problems. They will know that the surfaces and interfaces of polymers play an important role in most of the application areas of polymers, from moulds, foils, and composites, to biomaterials and applications in micro- and nanotechnology.

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis

Principles and Practice of Heterogeneous Catalysis Book
Author : John Meurig Thomas,W. John Thomas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2014-11-19
ISBN : 352768378X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This long-awaited second edition of the successful introduction to the fundamentals of heterogeneous catalysis is now completely revised and updated. Written by internationally acclaimed experts, this textbook includes fundamentals of adsorption, characterizing catalysts and their surfaces, the significance of pore structure and surface area, solid-state and surface chemistry, poisoning, promotion, deactivation and selectivity of catalysts, as well as catalytic process engineering. A final section provides a number of examples and case histories. With its color and numerous graphics plus references to help readers to easily find further reading, this is a pivotal work for an understanding of the principles involved.

Quantum Physics in the Nanoworld

Quantum Physics in the Nanoworld Book
Author : Hans Lüth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-10-23
ISBN : 3642312381
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book deals with all essential aspects of non-relativistic quantum physics up to the quantization of fields. In contrast to common textbooks of quantum mechanics, modern experiments are described both for the purpose of foundation of the theory and in relation to recent applications. In this respect applications to nano-electronics as well as the realization of quantum-bits are presented and discussed. Furthermore, links are made to other important research fields and applications, such as elementary particle physics, solid state physics and nuclear magnetic resonance tomography in medicine. Even though the representation of the topics is largely performed in terms of Dirac ́s bra-ket notation and by use of commutator algebra, the concrete description of the physical basis and the corresponding theoretical concepts are emphasized. Because of little requirement of complex mathematics, the book is suitable as an introduction into quantum physics, not only for physicists but also for chemists, biologists, engineers, computer scientists and even for philosophers as far as they are interested in natural philosophy and epistomology.

Multiscale Methods

Multiscale Methods Book
Author : Jacob Fish
Publisher : OUP Oxford
Release : 2009-10-22
ISBN : 0191579734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Small scale features and processes occurring at nanometer and femtosecond scales have a profound impact on what happens at a larger scale and over an extensive period of time. The primary objective of this volume is to reflect the state-of-the-art in multiscale mathematics, modeling, and simulations and to address the following barriers: What is the information that needs to be transferred from one model or scale to another and what physical principles must be satisfied during the transfer of information? What are the optimal ways to achieve such transfer of information? How can variability of physical parameters at multiple scales be quantified and how can it be accounted for to ensure design robustness? The multiscale approaches in space and time presented in this volume are grouped into two main categories: information-passing and concurrent. In the concurrent approaches various scales are simultaneously resolved, whereas in the information-passing methods the fine scale is modeled and its gross response is infused into the continuum scale. The issue of reliability of multiscale modeling and simulation tools which focus on a hierarchy of multiscale models and an a posteriori model of error estimation including uncertainty quantification, is discussed in several chapters. Component software that can be effectively combined to address a wide range of multiscale simulations is also described. Applications range from advanced materials to nanoelectromechanical systems (NEMS), biological systems, and nanoporous catalysts where physical phenomena operates across 12 orders of magnitude in time scales and 10 orders of magnitude in spatial scales. This volume is a valuable reference book for scientists, engineers and graduate students practicing in traditional engineering and science disciplines as well as in emerging fields of nanotechnology, biotechnology, microelectronics and energy.

Multiscale Dissipative Mechanisms and Hierarchical Surfaces

Multiscale Dissipative Mechanisms and Hierarchical Surfaces Book
Author : Michael Nosonovsky,Bharat Bhushan
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2008-06-21
ISBN : 354078425X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Multiscale Dissipative Mechanisms and Hierarchical Surfaces covers the rapidly developing topics of hierarchical surfaces, roughness-induced superhydrophobicity and biomimetic surfaces. The research in these topics has been progressing rapidly in the recent years due to the advances in the nanosciences and surfaces science and due to potential applications in nanotechnology. The first in its field, this monograph provides a comprehensive review of these subjects and presents the background introduction as well as recent and new results in the area.

Polymer Surfaces Interfaces And Thin Films

Polymer Surfaces  Interfaces And Thin Films Book
Author : Alamgir Karim,Sanat Kumar
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2000-04-19
ISBN : 9813105496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The theoretical and experimental study of polymers, polymer surfaces and thin films has undergone a revolution in the last 25 years. This book captures recent advances in this field. It covers equilibrium aspects, kinetics and reactions at interfaces. It is aimed not only at a research audience but also at beginners.

Relaxation of the Chemical Bond

Relaxation of the Chemical Bond Book
Author : Chang Q Sun
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-07-08
ISBN : 9814585211
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The aim of this book is to explore the detectable properties of a material to the parameters of bond and non-bond involved and to clarify the interdependence of various properties. This book is composed of four parts; Part I deals with the formation and relaxation dynamics of bond and non-bond during chemisorptions with uncovering of the correlation among the chemical bond, energy band and surface potential barrier (3B) during reactions; Part II is focused on the relaxation of bonds between atoms with fewer neighbors than the ideal in bulk with unraveling of the bond order-length-strength (BOLS) correlation mechanism, which clarifies the nature difference between nanostructures and bulk of the same substance; Part III deals with the relaxation dynamics of bond under heating and compressing with revealing of rules on the temperature-resolved elastic and plastic properties of low-dimensional materials; Part IV is focused on the asymmetric relaxation dynamics of the hydrogen bond (O:H-O) and the anomalous behavior of water and ice under cooling, compressing and clustering. The target audience for this book includes scientists, engineers and practitioners in the area of surface science and nanoscience.

Solid Surfaces Interfaces and Thin Films

Solid Surfaces  Interfaces and Thin Films Book
Author : Hans Lüth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-04-17
ISBN : 3662043521
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book emphasises both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface, interface and thin film physics. Compa- red to the earlier editions, which bore the title "Surfaces and Interfaces of Solid Materials", the book now places more emphasis on thin films, including also their superconducting and ferromagnetic properties. The present 4th edition thus presents techniques of preparing well-defined solid surfaces and interfaces, fundamental aspects of adsorption and layer growth, as well as basic models for the descripti- on of structural, vibronic and electronic properties of sur- faces, interfaces and thin films. Because of their importan- ce for modern information technology, significant attention is paid to the electronic properties of semiconductor inter- faces and heterostructures. Collective phenomena , such as superconductivity and ferromagnetism, also feature promi- nently. Experimental sections covering essential measurement and preparation techniques are presented in separate panels.