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Chemical Bonding At Surfaces And Interfaces

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Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces

Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Anders Nilsson,Lars G.M. Pettersson,Jens Norskov
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2011-08-11
ISBN : 9780080551913
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Molecular surface science has made enormous progress in the past 30 years. The development can be characterized by a revolution in fundamental knowledge obtained from simple model systems and by an explosion in the number of experimental techniques. The last 10 years has seen an equally rapid development of quantum mechanical modeling of surface processes using Density Functional Theory (DFT). Chemical Bonding at Surfaces and Interfaces focuses on phenomena and concepts rather than on experimental or theoretical techniques. The aim is to provide the common basis for describing the interaction of atoms and molecules with surfaces and this to be used very broadly in science and technology. The book begins with an overview of structural information on surface adsorbates and discusses the structure of a number of important chemisorption systems. Chapter 2 describes in detail the chemical bond between atoms or molecules and a metal surface in the observed surface structures. A detailed description of experimental information on the dynamics of bond-formation and bond-breaking at surfaces make up Chapter 3. Followed by an in-depth analysis of aspects of heterogeneous catalysis based on the d-band model. In Chapter 5 adsorption and chemistry on the enormously important Si and Ge semiconductor surfaces are covered. In the remaining two Chapters the book moves on from solid-gas interfaces and looks at solid-liquid interface processes. In the final chapter an overview is given of the environmentally important chemical processes occurring on mineral and oxide surfaces in contact with water and electrolytes. Gives examples of how modern theoretical DFT techniques can be used to design heterogeneous catalysts This book suits the rapid introduction of methods and concepts from surface science into a broad range of scientific disciplines where the interaction between a solid and the surrounding gas or liquid phase is an essential component Shows how insight into chemical bonding at surfaces can be applied to a range of scientific problems in heterogeneous catalysis, electrochemistry, environmental science and semiconductor processing Provides both the fundamental perspective and an overview of chemical bonding in terms of structure, electronic structure and dynamics of bond rearrangements at surfaces

Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials

Surfaces and Interfaces of Electronic Materials Book
Author : Leonard J. Brillson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-06-26
ISBN : 3527665722
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An advanced level textbook covering geometric, chemical, and electronic structure of electronic materials, and their applications to devices based on semiconductor surfaces, metal-semiconductor interfaces, and semiconductor heterojunctions. Starting with the fundamentals of electrical measurements on semiconductor interfaces, it then describes the importance of controlling macroscopic electrical properties by atomic-scale techniques. Subsequent chapters present the wide range of surface and interface techniques available to characterize electronic, optical, chemical, and structural properties of electronic materials, including semiconductors, insulators, nanostructures, and organics. The essential physics and chemistry underlying each technique is described in sufficient depth with references to the most authoritative sources for more exhaustive discussions, while numerous examples are provided throughout to illustrate the applications of each technique. With its general reading lists, extensive citations to the text, and problem sets appended to all chapters, this is ideal for students of electrical engineering, physics and materials science. It equally serves as a reference for physicists, material science and electrical and electronic engineers involved in surface and interface science, semiconductor processing, and device modeling and design. This is a coproduction of Wiley and IEEE * Free solutions manual available for lecturers at www.wiley-vch.de/supplements/

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Andrei Honciuc
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-03-01
ISBN : 0128231939
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces: Fundamentals and Applications gives a descriptive account of interfacial phenomena step-by-step, from simple to complex, to provide readers with a strong foundation of knowledge in interfacial materials chemistry. Many case studies are provided to give real-world examples of problems and their solutions, allowing readers to make the connection between fundamental understanding and applications. Emerging applications in nanomaterials and nanotechnology are also discussed. Throughout the book, the author explains the common interface and surface equations, models, methods, and applications in the creation of functional materials. The goal of Chemistry of Functional Materials Surfaces and Interfaces is to provide readers with the basic understanding of the common tools of surface and interface chemistry for application in materials science and nanotechnology. This book is suitable for researchers and practitioners in the disciplines of materials science and engineering and surface and interface chemistry. Includes numerous real-world examples and case studies throughout Addresses emerging applications of interfacial materials chemistry in nanomaterials and nanotechnology Provides the foundational concepts of surface and interfacial science with models, equation, and methods

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume focuses on understanding the interaction of molecules with surfaces and their subsequent organisation, reactivity, or properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives. The unique behaviour of compounds confined at interfaces can be very different from those in bulk environments. Advances in methods and their understanding for the determination of the structure and chemical bonding at surfaces is central to continued progress in the field. Among the questions that need answering are: how is chemical reactivity modified at surfaces and how can we optimise it for selective and efficient processes? How reliable are the actual methods for determining molecular conformation at surfaces? How can we control diffusion of molecules at surfaces in order to influence growth? Can two-dimensional structure be correlated with three dimensional order? How can we make use of single molecule properties at an interface? Interfacial processes are also at the heart of the function of many materials, the properties they exhibit and chemical reactions they can perform.

Growth of Antimony on Copper A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study

Growth of Antimony on Copper  A Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Study Book
Author : Gebhu Ndlovu
Publisher : diplom.de
Release : 2017-06-27
ISBN : 396067662X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This study investigates the Copper(111) – Antimony (Sb) system which is characterized by a complex interplay between adsorbate interactions and adsorbate substrate interactions which manifest through self-assembly processes. Surface sensitive techniques such as Low Energy Electron Diffraction and Auger Electron Spectroscopy were utilized to determine the substrate cleanliness prior to the growth of monolayer Sb coverage. The surface chemical reactivity on an atom-by-atom basis of the Cu sample surface was studied by current imaging tunneling spectroscopy. The use of surface sensitive techniques in studying the surface alloy in question allows for more precise statements to be made about the surface structure of the system at various temperatures. Based on the experimental results, a comprehensive study of the adsorption and segregation behavior of Sb on Cu(111), including the mechanisms for phase formation at the atomic scale, is presented in this study.

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Leonard J. Brillson
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-08-01
ISBN : 111902711X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces is a streamlined yet comprehensive introduction that covers the basic physical properties of electronic materials, the experimental techniques used to measure them, and the theoretical methods used to understand, predict, and design them. Starting with the fundamental electronic properties of semiconductors and electrical measurements of semiconductor interfaces, this text introduces students to the importance of characterizing and controlling macroscopic electrical properties by atomic-scale techniques. The chapters that follow present the full range of surface and interface techniques now being used to characterize electronic, optical, chemical, and structural properties of electronic materials, including semiconductors, insulators, nanostructures, and organics. The essential physics and chemistry underlying each technique is described in sufficient depth for students to master the fundamental principles, with numerous examples to illustrate the strengths and limitations for specific applications. As well as references to the most authoritative sources for broader discussions, the text includes internet links to additional examples, mathematical derivations, tables, and literature references for the advanced student, as well as professionals in these fields. This textbook fills a gap in the existing literature for an entry-level course that provides the physical properties, experimental techniques, and theoretical methods essential for students and professionals to understand and participate in solid-state electronics, physics, and materials science research. An Essential Guide to Electronic Material Surfaces and Interfaces is an introductory-to-intermediate level textbook suitable for students of physics, electrical engineering, materials science, and other disciplines. It is essential reading for any student or professional engaged in surface and interface research, semiconductor processing, or electronic device design.

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces

Physics of Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Harald Ibach
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2006-10-06
ISBN : 3540347097
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This graduate-level textbook covers the major developments in surface sciences of recent decades, from experimental tricks and basic techniques to the latest experimental methods and theoretical understanding. It is unique in its attempt to treat the physics of surfaces, thin films and interfaces, surface chemistry, thermodynamics, statistical physics and the physics of the solid/electrolyte interface in an integral manner, rather than in separate compartments. It is designed as a handbook for the researcher as well as a study-text for graduate students. Written explanations are supported by 350 graphs and illustrations.

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces

Complex Molecular Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Faraday Discussions
Release : 2017-11-15
ISBN : 9781782629443
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Focussing on understanding the interaction of molecules with surfaces and their subsequent organisation, reactivity, or properties from both experimental and theoretical perspectives.

Solid Surfaces Interfaces and Thin Films

Solid Surfaces  Interfaces and Thin Films Book
Author : Hans Lüth
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2010-09-02
ISBN : 3642135927
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solid Surfaces, Interfaces and Thin Films examines both experimental and theoretical aspects of surface, interface and thin film physics. Coverage of magnetic thin films has been expanded, and now includes giant magnetoresistance and the spin-transfer torque mechanism.

Surface and Interface Science Volumes 5 and 6

Surface and Interface Science  Volumes 5 and 6 Book
Author : Klaus Wandelt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-03-14
ISBN : 3527411585
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In eight volumes, Surface and Interface Science covers all fundamental aspects and offers a comprehensive overview of this research area for scientists working in the field, as well as an introduction for newcomers. Volume 5: Solid-Gas Interfaces I Topics covered: Basics of Adsorption and Desorption Surface Microcalorimetry Adsorption of Rare Gases Adsorption of Alkali and Other Electro-Positive Metals Halogen adsorption on metals Adsorption of Hydrogen Adsorption of Water Adsorption of (Small) Molecules on Metal Surfaces Surface Science Approach to Catalysis Adsorption, Bonding and Reactivity of Unsaturated and Multifunctional Molecules Volume 6: Solid-Gas Interfaces II Topics covered: Adsorption of Large Organic Molecules Chirality of Adsorbates Adsorption on Semiconductor Surfaces Adsorption on Oxide Surfaces Oscillatory Surface Reactions Statistical Surface Thermodynamics Theory of the Dynamics at Surfaces Atomic and Molecular Manipulation

Trends in Surface Science Research

Trends in Surface Science Research Book
Author : Charles P. Norris
Publisher : Nova Publishers
Release : 2006
ISBN : 9781594541780
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book covers the physics and chemistry of surfaces. The scope includes the structure, thermodynamics, and mobility of clean surfaces, as well as the interaction of gas molecules with solid surfaces. The energetic particle interactions that are the basis for the majority of techniques developed to reveal the structure and chemistry of surfaces are explored including auger electron spectroscopy, photoelectron spectroscopy, inelastic scattering of electrons and ions, low energy electron diffraction, scanning probe microscopy, and interfacial segregation. Crystal nucleation and growth are also considered. Principles such as adsorption, desorption and reactions between adsorbates are examined, with coverage also of new developments in the growth of epitaxial, and Langmuir-Blodgett films, as well as treatment of the etching of surfaces. Modern analytical techniques and applications to thin films and nanostructures are included. The latest in-depth research from around the world is presented.

Dynamical Phenomena at Surfaces Interfaces and Superlattices

Dynamical Phenomena at Surfaces  Interfaces and Superlattices Book
Author : Manuel Cardona,Fabrizio Nizzoli,Karl-Heinz Rieder,Roy F. Willis
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 3642825354
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Dynamical Phenomena at Surfaces Interfaces and Superlattices book written by Manuel Cardona,Fabrizio Nizzoli,Karl-Heinz Rieder,Roy F. Willis, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Metal Ceramic Interfaces

Metal Ceramic Interfaces Book
Author : M. Rühle,A.G. Evans,J.P. Hirth,Michael F. Ashby
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2013-10-22
ISBN : 1483287467
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As engineering materials and structures often contain a metal or metallic alloy bonded to a ceramic, the resultant interface must be able to sustain mechanical forces without failure. They also play an important role in oxidation or reduction of materials. The workshop on 'Bonding, Structure and Mechanical Properties of Metal/Ceramic Interfaces' was held in January 1989 within the Acta/Scripta Metallurgica conference series. It drew together an international collection of 70 scientists who discussed a wide range of issues related to metal-ceramic interfaces. The sessions were divided into 7 categories: structure and bonding, chemistry at interfaces, formation of interfaces, structure of interfaces, thermodynamics/atomistics of interface fracture, mechanics of interface cracks, and fracture resistance of bimaterial interfaces. Within these headings attention was paid to grain boundaries, the influence of chemical processes on the behaviour of interfaces, diffusion bonding, characterization of fracture, and crack propagation by fatigue and by stress corrosion. The book presents a useful reference source for materials scientists, physicists, chemists, and mechanical engineers who are concerned with the roles and properties of interfaces.

The Chemical Physics of Surfaces

The Chemical Physics of Surfaces Book
Author : S.R. Morrison
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1489924981
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

of available information. Even more importantly, some authors who have contributed substantially to an area may have been overlooked. For this I apologize. I have, however, not attempted to trace techniques or observa tions historically, so there is no implication (unless specified) that the authors referred to were or were not the originators of a given method or observation. I would like to acknowledge discussions with co-workers at SFU for input relative to their specialties, to acknowledge the help of students who have pointed out errors and difficulties in the earlier presentation, and to acknowledge the infinite patience of my wife Phyllis while I spent my sabbatical and more in libraries and punching computers. S. Roy Morrison 0 1 Contents Notation XV 1. Introduction 1 1. 1. Surface States and Surface Sites . 1 1. 1. 1. The Chemical versus Electronic Representation of the Surface. 1 1. 1. 2. The Surface State on the Band Diagram 4 1. 1. 3. The Fermi Energy in the Surface State Model. 6 1. 1. 4. Need for Both Surface Site and Surface State Models 6 1. 2. Bonding of Foreign Species to the Solid Surface 7 1. 2. 1. Types of Interaction. 7 1. 2. 2. The Chemical Bond . 10 1. 2. 3. Acid and Basic Surface Sites on Solids . 13 1. 2. 4. Adsorbate Bonding on Various Solid Types. 16 1. 2. 5. Movement of Surface Atoms: Relaxation, Reconstruction, and Relocation .

Polymer Surfaces Interfaces And Thin Films

Polymer Surfaces  Interfaces And Thin Films Book
Author : Alamgir Karim,Sanat Kumar
Publisher : World Scientific Publishing Company
Release : 2000-04-19
ISBN : 9813105496
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The theoretical and experimental study of polymers, polymer surfaces and thin films has undergone a revolution in the last 25 years. This book captures recent advances in this field. It covers equilibrium aspects, kinetics and reactions at interfaces. It is aimed not only at a research audience but also at beginners.

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis

Introduction to Surface Chemistry and Catalysis Book
Author : Gabor A. Somorjai
Publisher : Wiley-Interscience
Release : 1994-03-18
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Among the topics covered are adhesion and tribological properties, friction, crack formation, and lubrication.

Surfaces and Interfaces

Surfaces and Interfaces Book
Author : Robert S. Bauer
Publisher : North-Holland
Release : 1983
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Surfaces and Interfaces: Physics and Electronics ...

Methods in Physical Chemistry 2 Volume Set

Methods in Physical Chemistry  2 Volume Set Book
Author : Rolf Schäfer,Peter C. Schmidt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2012-09-27
ISBN : 3527636846
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Thanks to the progress made in instruments and techniques, the methods in physical chemistry have developed rapidly over the past few decades, making them increasingly valuable for scientists of many disciplines. These two must-have volumes meet the needs of the scientific community for a thorough overview of all the important methods currently used. As such, this work bridges the gap between standard textbooks and review articles, covering a large number of methods, as well as the motivation behind their use. A uniform approach is adopted throughout both volumes, while the critical comparison of the advantages and disadvantages of each method makes this a valuable reference for physical chemists and other scientists working with these techniques.

Engineering Medicine and Science at the Nano Scale

Engineering  Medicine and Science at the Nano Scale Book
Author : Stephen J. Fonash,Marcel Van de Voorde
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-08-21
ISBN : 3527692916
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Students at universities the world over will benefit from the authors' concise treatment, arising out of lectures given for a graduate and advanced undergraduate course at Penn State University (USA) and University of Technology Delft (NL). The textbook begins by addressing, in general terms, the phenomena and peculiarities that occur at the nanoscale. In the following five chapters, readers are introduced in detail to nanoscale physics, chemistry, materials science, and biology, followed by chapters on synthesis and fabrication as well as characterization at the nanoscale. In the next four chapters a variety of exemplary applications taken from a wide range of sectors are also presented and discussed. Concerns for safety, environmental impact, workforce development, economic wellbeing, and societal change issues arising from nanotechnology are woven throughout the book and additionally form the focus of the last two chapters.