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Characterization Techniques For Perovskite Solar Cell Materials

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Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials

Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials Book
Author : Meysam Pazoki,Anders Hagfeldt,Tomas Edvinsson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 0128147288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials: Characterization of Recently Emerged Perovskite Solar Cell Materials to Provide an Understanding of the Fundamental Physics on the Nano Scale and Optimize the Operation of the Device Towards Stable and Low-Cost Photovoltaic Technology explores the characterization of nanocrystals of the perovskite film, related interfaces, and the overall impacts of these properties on device efficiency. Included is a collection of both main and research techniques for perovskite solar cells. For the first time, readers will have a complete reference of different characterization techniques, all housed in a work written by highly experienced experts. Explores various characterization techniques for perovskite solar cells and discusses both their strengths and weaknesses Discusses material synthesis and device fabrication of perovskite solar cells Includes a comparison throughout the work on how to distinguish one perovskite solar cell from another

Composite Materials

Composite Materials Book
Author : Amit Sachdeva,Pramod Kumar Singh,Hee Woo Rhee
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2021-02-12
ISBN : 1000328007
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Composite Materials: Properties, Characterisation, and Applications provides an in-depth description of the synthesis, properties, and various characterisation techniques used for the study of composite materials. Covers applications and simulation tests of these advanced materials Presents real-world examples for demonstration Discusses surface, thermal, and electrical characterisation techniques Covers composites for use as sensors Aimed at industry professionals and researchers, this book offers readers thorough knowledge of the fundamentals as well as advanced level techniques involved in composite material characterisation, development, and applications.

Perovskite Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications

Perovskite Materials for Energy and Environmental Applications Book
Author : Khursheed Ahmad,Waseem Raza
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-06-15
ISBN : 1119760275
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

PEROVSKITE MATERIALS FOR ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL APPLICATIONS The book provides a state-of-the-art summary and discussion about the recent progress in the development and engineering of perovskite solar cells materials along with the future directions it might take. Among all 3rd generation solar cells, perovskite solar cells have recently been attracting much attention and have also emerged as a hot research area of competing materials for silicon PV due to their easy fabrication, long charge-carrier lifetime, low binding energy, low defect density, and low cost. This book focuses primarily on the perovskite structures and utilizes them in modern technologies of photovoltaics and environmental applications. It will be unique in terms of the use of perovskite structures in solar cell applications. This book also discusses the type of perovskites, their synthetic approach, and environmental and solar cell applications. The book also covers how perovskite solar cells originated and the recent advances in perovskite solar cells. The reader will find in this book a lucid account that: Introduces the history of perovskite materials. Explores perovskite materials for energy conversion and environmental-related applications. Covers perovskite light absorber materials for the fabrication of high-performance perovskite solar cells. Describes the device architectures and physics of perovskite solar cells. Discusses the role of perovskite absorber, electron transport, and hole transport materials layers. Audience The book is essential reading for all those in the photovoltaic community, including materials scientists, surface physicists, surface chemists, solid-state physicists, solid-state chemists, and electrical engineers.

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Book
Author : Daniel Abou-Ras,Thomas Kirchartz,Uwe Rau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-07-13
ISBN : 352769904X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Perovskite Solar Cells

Perovskite Solar Cells Book
Author : Shahzada Ahmad,Samrana Kazim,Michael Grätzel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-03-14
ISBN : 3527347151
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a thorough overview of perovskite research, written by leaders in the field of photovoltaics The use of perovskite-structured materials to produce high-efficiency solar cells is a subject of growing interest for academic researchers and industry professionals alike. Due to their excellent light absorption, longevity, and charge-carrier properties, perovskite solar cells show great promise as a low-cost, industry-scalable alternative to conventional photovoltaic cells. Perovskite Solar Cells: Materials, Processes, and Devices provides an up-to-date overview of the current state of perovskite solar cell research. Addressing the key areas in the rapidly growing field, this comprehensive volume covers novel materials, advanced theory, modelling and simulation, device physics, new processes, and the critical issue of solar cell stability. Contributions by an international panel of researchers highlight both the opportunities and challenges related to perovskite solar cells while offering detailed insights on topics such as the photon recycling processes, interfacial properties, and charge transfer principles of perovskite-based devices. Examines new compositions, hole and electron transport materials, lead-free materials, and 2D and 3D materials Covers interface modelling techniques, methods for modelling in two and three dimensions, and developments beyond Shockley-Queisser Theory Discusses new fabrication processes such as slot-die coating, roll processing, and vacuum sublimation Describes the device physics of perovskite solar cells, including recombination kinetics and optical absorption Explores innovative approaches to increase the light conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells Perovskite Solar Cells: Materials, Processes, and Devices is essential reading for all those in the photovoltaic community, including materials scientists, surface physicists, surface chemists, solid state physicists, solid state chemists, and electrical engineers.

Photochemistry Volume 48

Photochemistry Volume 48 Book
Author : Stefano Protti,Carlotta Raviola
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-11-17
ISBN : 183916140X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume combines reviews on the latest advances in photochemical research with specific topical highlights in the field. Starting with periodical reports of the recent literature on organic and computational aspects including reports on computational photochemistry and chemiluminescence of biological and nanotechnological molecules, photochemistry of alkenes, dienes and polyenes, aromatic compounds and oxygen-containing functions. The final chapter of this section is a review of industrial application of photochemistry from 2014 to 2019. Coverage continues with highlighted topics, in the second part, from ruthenium-caged bioactive compounds, advances in logically and light induced systems, developments of metal-free photocatalysts, photoresponsive organophosphorus materials and applications of photo-fragmentation in synthesis, photo-click chemistry and azo-based molecular photoswitches. This volume will again include a section entitled 'SPR Lectures on Photochemistry', a collection of examples for academic readers to introduce a photochemistry topic and precious help for students in photochemistry. Providing critical analysis of the topics, this book is essential reading for anyone wanting to keep up to date with the literature on photochemistry and its applications. A certain amount of energy destroys the same amount of CO2 according to the whether it is administered continuously or intermittently. In order to rationalize this result there are two possibilities, either the destruction of CO2 further occurred in the dark periods, which would lead to the same form of energy storing form, or in the illuminated period the reaction goes at twice the rate. O. Warburg, Biochem. Z., 1919, 100, 230-270.

Advances in Nanocomposite Materials for Environmental and Energy Harvesting Applications

Advances in Nanocomposite Materials for Environmental and Energy Harvesting Applications Book
Author : Ahmed Esmail Shalan,Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Senentxu Lanceros-Méndez
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2022
ISBN : 3030943194
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book discusses the fundamental, synthesis, properties, physico-chemical characterizations and applications of recently explored nanocomposite materials. It covers the applications of these different nanocomposite materials in the environmental and energy harvesting fields. The chapters explore the different techniques used for preparation and characterization of several types of nanocomposite materials for applications related to environmental and energy pathways. This book presents a panorama of current research in the field of nanocomposite structures for different applications. It also assesses the advantages and disadvantages of using different types of nanocomposite in the design of different material products. The comprehensive chapters explain the interactions between nanocomposite materials and mechanisms related to applications in environmental pollution and energy shortage.

Polymer Electrolytes

Polymer Electrolytes Book
Author : Tan Winie,Abdul K. Arof,Sabu Thomas
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-11-05
ISBN : 3527805435
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A comprehensive overview of the main characterization techniques of polymer electrolytes and their applications in electrochemical devices Polymer Electrolytes is a comprehensive and up-to-date guide to the characterization and applications of polymer electrolytes. The authors ? noted experts on the topic ? discuss the various characterization methods, including impedance spectroscopy and thermal characterization. The authors also provide information on the myriad applications of polymer electrolytes in electrochemical devices, lithium ion batteries, supercapacitors, solar cells and electrochromic windows. Over the past three decades, researchers have been developing new polymer electrolytes and assessed their application potential in electrochemical and electrical power generation, storage, and conversion systems. As a result, many new polymer electrolytes have been found, characterized, and applied in electrochemical and electrical devices. This important book: -Reviews polymer electrolytes, a key component in electrochemical power sources, and thus benefits scientists in both academia and industry -Provides an interdisciplinary resource spanning electrochemistry, physical chemistry, and energy applications -Contains detailed and comprehensive information on characterization and applications of polymer electrolytes Written for materials scientists, physical chemists, solid state chemists, electrochemists, and chemists in industry professions, Polymer Electrolytes is an essential resource that explores the key characterization techniques of polymer electrolytes and reveals how they are applied in electrochemical devices.

Lunar Science

Lunar Science Book
Author : Yann-Henri Chemin
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2022-08-25
ISBN : 1803550783
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

There are still many open scientific questions about the moon, including whether humans will one day be able to live there. This book looks at the history of the moon’s orbit and the prospects of in situ lunar science, the radiation impact on the lunar surface, the resistance of settlement materials on the moon under the conditions of protecting humans on-site, and the preparation of humans for space missions.

Advanced Characterization of Thin Film Solar Cells

Advanced Characterization of Thin Film Solar Cells Book
Author : Mowafak Al-Jassim,Nancy Haegel
Publisher : Institution of Engineering and Technology
Release : 2020-09-17
ISBN : 1839530235
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polycrystalline thin-film solar cells have reached a levelized cost of energy that is competitive with all other sources of electricity. The technology has significantly improved in recent years, with laboratory cell efficiencies for cadmium telluride (CdTe), perovskites, and copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) each exceeding 22 percent. Both CdTe and CIGS solar panels are now produced at the gigawatt scale. However, there are ongoing challenges, including the continued need to improve performance and stability while reducing cost. Advancing polycrystalline solar cell technology demands an in-depth understanding of efficiency, scaling, and degradation mechanisms, which requires sophisticated characterization methods. These methods will enable researchers and manufacturers to improve future solar modules and systems.

Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics

Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics Book
Author : Tsutomu Miyasaka
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-03-21
ISBN : 3527347488
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics Discover a one-of-a-kind treatment of perovskite photovoltaics In less than a decade, the photovoltaics of organic-inorganic halide perovskite materials has surpassed the efficiency of semiconductor compounds like CdTe and CIGS in solar cells. In Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics: From Fundamentals to Advanced Applications, distinguished engineer Dr. Tsutomu Miyasaka delivers a comprehensive exploration of foundational and advanced topics regarding halide perovskites. It summarizes the latest information and discussion in the field, from fundamental theory and materials to critical device applications. With contributions by top scientists working in the perovskite community, the accomplished editor has compiled a resource of central importance for researchers working on perovskite related materials and devices. This edited volume includes coverage of new materials and their commercial and market potential in areas like perovskite solar cells, perovskite light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and perovskite-based photodetectors. It also includes: A thorough introduction to halide perovskite materials, their synthesis, and dimension control Comprehensive explorations of the photovoltaics of halide perovskites and their historical background Practical discussions of solid-state photophysics and carrier transfer mechanisms in halide perovskite semiconductors In-depth examinations of multi-cation anion-based high efficiency perovskite solar cells Perfect for materials scientists, crystallization physicists, surface chemists, and solid-state physicists, Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics: From Fundamentals to Advanced Applications is also an indispensable resource for solid state chemists and device/electronics engineers.

Perovskite Materials

Perovskite Materials Book
Author : Likun Pan,Guang Zhu
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2016-02-03
ISBN : 9535122452
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book summarizes the current state of the know-how in the field of perovskite materials: synthesis, characterization, properties, and applications. Most chapters include a review on the actual knowledge and cutting-edge research results. Thus, this book is an essential source of reference for scientists with research fields in energy, physics, chemistry and materials. It is also a suitable reading material for graduate students.

Energy Materials

Energy Materials Book
Author : Sanjay J. Dhoble,N. Thejo Thejo Kalyani,Dr. B. Vengadaesvaran,Dr. Abdul Kariem Kariem Arof
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-15
ISBN : 0128237112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms. Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation. Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation

Nanostructured Solar Cells

Nanostructured Solar Cells Book
Author : Narottam Das
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-02-22
ISBN : 953512935X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured solar cells are very important in renewable energy sector as well as in environmental aspects, because it is environment friendly. The nano-grating structures (such as triangular or conical shaped) have a gradual change in refractive index which acts as a multilayer antireflective coating that is leading to reduced light reflection losses over broadband ranges of wavelength and angle of incidence. There are different types of losses in solar cells that always reduce the conversion efficiency, but the light reflection loss is the most important factor that decreases the conversion efficiency of solar cells significantly. The antireflective coating is an optical coating which is applied to the surface of lenses or any optical devices to reduce the light reflection losses. This coating assists for the light trapping capturing capacity or improves the efficiency of optical devices, such as lenses or solar cells. Hence, the multilayer antireflective coatings can reduce the light reflection losses and increases the conversion efficiency of nanostructured solar cells.

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design Book
Author : Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Mashallah Rezakazemi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 1119725046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar cells are semiconductor devices that convert light photons into electricity in photovoltaic energy conversion and can help to overcome the global energy crisis. Solar cells have many applications including remote area power systems, earth-orbiting satellites, wristwatches, water pumping, photodetectors and remote radiotelephones. Solar cell technology is economically feasible for commercial-scale power generation. While commercial solar cells exhibit good performance and stability, still researchers are looking at many ways to improve the performance and cost of solar cells via modulating the fundamental properties of semiconductors. Solar cell technology is the key to a clean energy future. Solar cells directly harvest energy from the sun’s light radiation into electricity are in an ever-growing demand for future global energy production. Solar cell-based energy harvesting has attracted worldwide attention for their notable features, such as cheap renewable technology, scalable, lightweight, flexibility, versatility, no greenhouse gas emission, environment, and economy friendly and operational costs are quite low compared to other forms of power generation. Thus, solar cell technology is at the forefront of renewable energy technologies which are used in telecommunications, power plants, small devices to satellites. Aiming at large-scale implementation can be manipulated by various types used in solar cell design and exploration of new materials towards improving performance and reducing cost. Therefore, in-depth knowledge about solar cell design is fundamental for those who wish to apply this knowledge and understanding in industries and academics. This book provides a comprehensive overview on solar cells and explores the history to evolution and present scenarios of solar cell design, classification, properties, various semiconductor materials, thin films, wafer-scale, transparent solar cells, and so on. It also includes solar cells’ characterization analytical tools, theoretical modeling, practices to enhance conversion efficiencies, applications and patents.

Halide Perovskites

Halide Perovskites Book
Author : Tze-Chien Sum,Nripan Mathews
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-03-25
ISBN : 3527341110
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Real insight from leading experts in the field into the causes of the unique photovoltaic performance of perovskite solar cells, describing the fundamentals of perovskite materials and device architectures. The authors cover materials research and development, device fabrication and engineering methodologies, as well as current knowledge extending beyond perovskite photovoltaics, such as the novel spin physics and multiferroic properties of this family of materials. Aimed at a better and clearer understanding of the latest developments in the hybrid perovskite field, this is a must-have for material scientists, chemists, physicists and engineers entering or already working in this booming field.

Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells

Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells Book
Author : Lukas Schmidt-Mende,Stefan Kraner,Azhar Fakharuddin
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2022-08-01
ISBN : 3110736934
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the increasing world-energy demand there is a growing necessity for clean and renewable energy. This book offers an introduction to these new types of solar cells and discusses fabrication, different architectures and their device physics on the bases of the author's teaching course on a master degree level. A comparison with conventional solar cells is given and the specialties of organic solar cells emphasized.

Ellipsometry

Ellipsometry Book
Author : Faustino Wahaia
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2017-11-29
ISBN : 9535136232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Ellipsometry is rapidly emerging as a popular solution addressed to new materials science challenges and technological pitfalls hindering its effective application on modern problems. Amid the nowadays active development of materials of top notch, ellipsometry is also evolving rapidly both in the academic and industry sectors. The global industry strategies, introduce the latest scientific advances at manufacturing new, more accurate, and reliable ellipsometry systems to tackle emerging challenges. The book provides a comprehensive overview on the principles and technical capabilities of the modern ellipsometry highlighting its versatility in materials characterization.

Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells

Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells Book
Author : Hiroyuki Fujiwara
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2022-01-10
ISBN : 3527347291
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Unparalleled coverage of the most vibrant research field in photovoltaics! Hybrid perovskites, revolutionary game-changing semiconductor materials, have every favorable optoelectronic characteristic necessary for realizing high efficiency solar cells. The remarkable features of hybrid perovskite photovoltaics, such as superior material properties, easy material fabrication by solution-based processing, large-area device fabrication by an inkjet technology, and simple solar cell structures, have brought enormous attentions, leading to a rapid development of the solar cell technology at a pace never before seen in solar cell history. Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells: Characteristics and Operation covers extensive topics of hybrid perovskite solar cells, providing easy-to-read descriptions for the fundamental characteristics of unique hybrid perovskite materials (Part I) as well as the principles and applications of hybrid perovskite solar cells (Part II). Both basic and advanced concepts of hybrid perovskite devices are treated thoroughly in this book; in particular, explanatory descriptions for general physical and chemical aspects of hybrid perovskite photovoltaics are included to provide fundamental understanding. This comprehensive book is highly suitable for graduate school students and researchers who are not familiar with hybrid perovskite materials and devices, allowing the accumulation of the accurate knowledge from the basic to the advanced levels.