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Characterization Techniques For Perovskite Solar Cell Materials

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Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials

Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials Book
Author : Meysam Pazoki,Anders Hagfeldt,Tomas Edvinsson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-11-14
ISBN : 0128147288
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization Techniques for Perovskite Solar Cell Materials: Characterization of Recently Emerged Perovskite Solar Cell Materials to Provide an Understanding of the Fundamental Physics on the Nano Scale and Optimize the Operation of the Device Towards Stable and Low-Cost Photovoltaic Technology explores the characterization of nanocrystals of the perovskite film, related interfaces, and the overall impacts of these properties on device efficiency. Included is a collection of both main and research techniques for perovskite solar cells. For the first time, readers will have a complete reference of different characterization techniques, all housed in a work written by highly experienced experts. Explores various characterization techniques for perovskite solar cells and discusses both their strengths and weaknesses Discusses material synthesis and device fabrication of perovskite solar cells Includes a comparison throughout the work on how to distinguish one perovskite solar cell from another

Perovskite Solar Cells

Perovskite Solar Cells Book
Author : Shahzada Ahmad,Samrana Kazim,Michael Grätzel
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-09-11
ISBN : 3527825800
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Presents a thorough overview of perovskite research, written by leaders in the field of photovoltaics The use of perovskite-structured materials to produce high-efficiency solar cells is a subject of growing interest for academic researchers and industry professionals alike. Due to their excellent light absorption, longevity, and charge-carrier properties, perovskite solar cells show great promise as a low-cost, industry-scalable alternative to conventional photovoltaic cells. Perovskite Solar Cells: Materials, Processes, and Devices provides an up-to-date overview of the current state of perovskite solar cell research. Addressing the key areas in the rapidly growing field, this comprehensive volume covers novel materials, advanced theory, modelling and simulation, device physics, new processes, and the critical issue of solar cell stability. Contributions by an international panel of researchers highlight both the opportunities and challenges related to perovskite solar cells while offering detailed insights on topics such as the photon recycling processes, interfacial properties, and charge transfer principles of perovskite-based devices. Examines new compositions, hole and electron transport materials, lead-free materials, and 2D and 3D materials Covers interface modelling techniques, methods for modelling in two and three dimensions, and developments beyond Shockley-Queisser Theory Discusses new fabrication processes such as slot-die coating, roll processing, and vacuum sublimation Describes the device physics of perovskite solar cells, including recombination kinetics and optical absorption Explores innovative approaches to increase the light conversion efficiency of photovoltaic cells Perovskite Solar Cells: Materials, Processes, and Devices is essential reading for all those in the photovoltaic community, including materials scientists, surface physicists, surface chemists, solid state physicists, solid state chemists, and electrical engineers.

Photochemistry Volume 48

Photochemistry Volume 48 Book
Author : Stefano Protti,Carlotta Raviola
Publisher : Royal Society of Chemistry
Release : 2020-11-17
ISBN : 183916140X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This volume combines reviews on the latest advances in photochemical research with specific topical highlights in the field. Starting with periodical reports of the recent literature on organic and computational aspects including reports on computational photochemistry and chemiluminescence of biological and nanotechnological molecules, photochemistry of alkenes, dienes and polyenes, aromatic compounds and oxygen-containing functions. The final chapter of this section is a review of industrial application of photochemistry from 2014 to 2019. Coverage continues with highlighted topics, in the second part, from ruthenium-caged bioactive compounds, advances in logically and light induced systems, developments of metal-free photocatalysts, photoresponsive organophosphorus materials and applications of photo-fragmentation in synthesis, photo-click chemistry and azo-based molecular photoswitches. This volume will again include a section entitled 'SPR Lectures on Photochemistry', a collection of examples for academic readers to introduce a photochemistry topic and precious help for students in photochemistry. Providing critical analysis of the topics, this book is essential reading for anyone wanting to keep up to date with the literature on photochemistry and its applications. "A certain amount of energy destroys the same amount of CO2 according to the whether it is administered continuously or intermittently. In order to rationalize this result there are two possibilities, either the destruction of CO2 further occurred in the dark periods, which would lead to the same form of energy storing form, or in the illuminated period the reaction goes at twice the rate." O. Warburg, Biochem. Z., 1919, 100, 230-270.

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Book
Author : Daniel Abou-Ras,Thomas Kirchartz,Uwe Rau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-07-13
ISBN : 352769904X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics

Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics Book
Author : Tsutomu Miyasaka
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-12-14
ISBN : 3527826386
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics Discover a one-of-a-kind treatment of perovskite photovoltaics In less than a decade, the photovoltaics of organic-inorganic halide perovskite materials has surpassed the efficiency of semiconductor compounds like CdTe and CIGS in solar cells. In Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics: From Fundamentals to Advanced Applications, distinguished engineer Dr. Tsutomu Miyasaka delivers a comprehensive exploration of foundational and advanced topics regarding halide perovskites. It summarizes the latest information and discussion in the field, from fundamental theory and materials to critical device applications. With contributions by top scientists working in the perovskite community, the accomplished editor has compiled a resource of central importance for researchers working on perovskite related materials and devices. This edited volume includes coverage of new materials and their commercial and market potential in areas like perovskite solar cells, perovskite light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and perovskite-based photodetectors. It also includes: A thorough introduction to halide perovskite materials, their synthesis, and dimension control Comprehensive explorations of the photovoltaics of halide perovskites and their historical background Practical discussions of solid-state photophysics and carrier transfer mechanisms in halide perovskite semiconductors In-depth examinations of multi-cation anion-based high efficiency perovskite solar cells Perfect for materials scientists, crystallization physicists, surface chemists, and solid-state physicists, Perovskite Photovoltaics and Optoelectronics: From Fundamentals to Advanced Applications is also an indispensable resource for solid state chemists and device/electronics engineers.

High resolution Analysis of Perovskite Absorbers in Photovoltaics

High resolution Analysis of Perovskite Absorbers in Photovoltaics Book
Author : Laura Elena Mundt
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Abstract: This thesis discusses studies performed by the author at the Fraunhofer Institute for Solar Energy Systems, ISE. The presented work focuses on the characterization of hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskite materials used for photovoltaic application. In an in situ study of the perovskite crystal formation, multiple stages are identified. Taking advantage of a graphite-based cell structure where both contacts are in place before the perovskite crystal formation occurs within the mesoporous scaffold, the photovoltaic performance along with optoelectronic properties are monitored in real time during the crystallization. As perovskite solar cells are prone to spatial heterogeneity, spatially resolved characterization techniques mainly based on photoluminescence spectroscopy, light beam-induced current and thermography are employed to analyze non-uniform optoelectronic properties and quantify local loss mechanisms. A novel characterization method is introduced by the author, allowing for the quantitative assessment of local loss mechanisms. The technique is demonstrated on blade coated perovskite solar cells, which represent a scalable deposition route, and it highlights the detrimental impact of layer non-uniformity on the overall solar cell performance. It presents a powerful tool for the targeted improvement of layer homogeneity and consequential benefit the enhancement of the cell efficiency. In high bandgap perovskite films made from a mixed cation and halide alloy, the local optoelectronic properties are analyzed with micrometer resolution. Non-uniform emission properties are revealed and related to the layer morphology. A subcell-selective analysis of monolithic two-terminal silicon perovskite tandem solar cells is presented, accessing the individual subcells by multi-wavelength photoluminescence spectroscopy. The mapping approach additionally yields spatial distribution of the photoluminescence emission, allowing for the identification of process influences on the two subcells. The results from this thesis generated insights about the perovskite crystal formation and spatial heterogeneities on different length scales. Overall, the findings support the targeted optimization of hybrid organic-inorganic halide perovskite solar cells.

In situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials

In situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials Book
Author : Challa S.S.R. Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-04-17
ISBN : 3662563223
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Seventh volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about In-situ Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Molecular Devices for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage

Molecular Devices for Solar Energy Conversion and Storage Book
Author : Haining Tian,Gerrit Boschloo,Anders Hagfeldt
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-09-14
ISBN : 9811059241
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book shows the different molecular devices used for solar energy conversion and storage and the important characterization techniques for this kind of device. It has five chapters describing representative molecule-based solar cells, such as organic solar cells, dye-sensitized solar cells and hybrid solar cells (perovskite solar cell and quantum dots solar cells). It also includes two chapters demonstrating the use of molecular devices in the areas of solar fuel, water splitting and carbon dioxide reduction. There are further two chapters with interesting examples of solar energy storage related devices, like solar flow battery, solar capacitor and solar energy-thermal energy storage. Three chapters introduce important techniques used to characterize, investigate and evaluate the mechanism of molecular devices. The final chapter discusses the stability of perovskite solar cells. This book is relevant for a wide readership, and is particularly useful for students, researchers and industrial professionals who are working on molecular devices for solar energy utilization.

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design

Fundamentals of Solar Cell Design Book
Author : Inamuddin,Mohd Imran Ahamed,Rajender Boddula,Mashallah Rezakazemi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2021-07-30
ISBN : 1119725046
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Solar cells are semiconductor devices that convert light photons into electricity in photovoltaic energy conversion and can help to overcome the global energy crisis. Solar cells have many applications including remote area power systems, earth-orbiting satellites, wristwatches, water pumping, photodetectors and remote radiotelephones. Solar cell technology is economically feasible for commercial-scale power generation. While commercial solar cells exhibit good performance and stability, still researchers are looking at many ways to improve the performance and cost of solar cells via modulating the fundamental properties of semiconductors. Solar cell technology is the key to a clean energy future. Solar cells directly harvest energy from the sun’s light radiation into electricity are in an ever-growing demand for future global energy production. Solar cell-based energy harvesting has attracted worldwide attention for their notable features, such as cheap renewable technology, scalable, lightweight, flexibility, versatility, no greenhouse gas emission, environment, and economy friendly and operational costs are quite low compared to other forms of power generation. Thus, solar cell technology is at the forefront of renewable energy technologies which are used in telecommunications, power plants, small devices to satellites. Aiming at large-scale implementation can be manipulated by various types used in solar cell design and exploration of new materials towards improving performance and reducing cost. Therefore, in-depth knowledge about solar cell design is fundamental for those who wish to apply this knowledge and understanding in industries and academics. This book provides a comprehensive overview on solar cells and explores the history to evolution and present scenarios of solar cell design, classification, properties, various semiconductor materials, thin films, wafer-scale, transparent solar cells, and so on. It also includes solar cells’ characterization analytical tools, theoretical modeling, practices to enhance conversion efficiencies, applications and patents.

Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications

Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,El Hadji Mamour Sakho,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Oluwatobi Samuel Oluwafemi,Jihuai Wu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-06-12
ISBN : 0128133384
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanomaterials for Solar Cell Applications provides a review of recent developments in the field of nanomaterials based solar cells. It begins with a discussion of the fundamentals of nanomaterials for solar calls, including a discussion of lifecycle assessments and characterization techniques. Next, it reviews various types of solar cells, i.e., Thin film, Metal-oxide, Nanowire, Nanorod and Nanoporous materials, and more. Other topics covered include a review of quantum dot sensitized and perovskite and polymer nanocomposites-based solar cells. This book is an ideal resource for those working in this evolving field of nanomaterials and renewable energy. Provides a well-organized approach to the use of nanomaterials for solar cell applications Discusses the synthesis, characterization and applications of traditional and new material Includes coverage of emerging nanomaterials, such as graphene, graphene-derivatives and perovskites

Energy Materials

Energy Materials Book
Author : Sanjay J. Dhoble,N. Thejo Thejo Kalyani,Dr. B. Vengadaesvaran,Dr. Abdul Kariem Kariem Arof
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-08-15
ISBN : 0128237112
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms. Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation. Includes details of the fundamental phenomenological theories of solar cells, Li ion/ Li-air/Li-S batteries, fuel cells and their energy storage mechanisms Discusses properties of various energy materials in addition to their device operation and evaluation

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells

Advanced Characterization Techniques for Thin Film Solar Cells Book
Author : Daniel Abou-Ras,Thomas Kirchartz,Uwe Rau
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-07-13
ISBN : 3527699015
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book focuses on advanced characterization methods for thin-film solar cells that have proven their relevance both for academic and corporate photovoltaic research and development. After an introduction to thin-film photovoltaics, highly experienced experts report on device and materials characterization methods such as electroluminescence analysis, capacitance spectroscopy, and various microscopy methods. In the final part of the book simulation techniques are presented which are used for ab-initio calculations of relevant semiconductors and for device simulations in 1D, 2D and 3D. Building on a proven concept, this new edition also covers thermography, transient optoelectronic methods, and absorption and photocurrent spectroscopy.

Processing and Characterization of Materials

Processing and Characterization of Materials Book
Author : Snehanshu Pal,Debdas Roy,Sudip Kumar Sinha
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021
ISBN : 981163937X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book includes selected conference proceedings of Conference on Processing and Characterization of Materials (CPCM-2020). The content of the book includes processing of and characterization of materials, sustainable energy materials, defense materials, functionally graded materials, and composites which has significant impact on cutting-edge applications. The book also includes surface engineering, computational methods and materials, waste utilization, and corrosion and environmental degradation of materials. Design, research, and development studies, experimental investigations, theoretical analysis, and fabrication techniques relevant to the application of materials in various assemblies, ranging from individual components to complete structure are presented in the book. The book is useful for graduate students, researchers, and industry professionals alike.

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices

Multifunctional Nanostructured Metal Oxides for Energy Harvesting and Storage Devices Book
Author : Vijay B. Pawade,Paresh H. Salame,Bharat Apparao Bhanvase
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-05-21
ISBN : 1000073203
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Metal oxide nanoparticles exhibit potential applications in energy and environmental fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen energy, and energy storage devices. This book covers all points from synthesis, properties, and applications of transition metal oxide nanoparticle materials in energy storage and conversion devices. Aimed at graduate-level students and researchers associated with the energy and environment sector, this book addresses the application of nontoxic and environmentally friendly metal oxide materials for a clean environment and deals with synthesis properties and application metal oxides materials for energy conversion, energy storage, and hydrogen generation.

Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells

Organic and Hybrid Solar Cells Book
Author : Lukas Schmidt-Mende,Jonas Weickert
Publisher : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2016-05-24
ISBN : 3110388510
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

With the increasing world-energy demand there is a growing necessity for clean and renewable energy. The sun being one of the most abundant potential sources accounts for less than 1% of the global energy supply. The market for solar cells is one of the most strongly increasing markets, even though the prize of conventional solar cells is still quite high. New emerging technologies, such as organic and hybrid solar cells have the potential to decrease the price of solar energy drastically. This book offers an introduction to these new types of solar cells and discusses fabrication, different architectures and their device physics on the bases of the author's teaching course on a master degree level. A comparison with conventional solar cells will be given and the specialties of organic solar cells emphasized.

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion

The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion Book
Author : Juan Bisquert
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-06-09
ISBN : 0429000154
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Research on advanced energy conversion devices such as solar cells has intensified in the last two decades. A broad landscape of candidate materials and devices were discovered and systematically studied for effective solar energy conversion and utilization. New concepts have emerged forming a rather powerful picture embracing the mechanisms and limitation to efficiencies of different types of devices. The Physics of Solar Energy Conversion introduces the main physico-chemical principles that govern the operation of energy devices for energy conversion and storage, with a detailed view of the principles of solar energy conversion using advanced materials. Key Features include: Highlights recent rapid advances with the discovery of perovskite solar cells and their development. Analyzes the properties of organic solar cells, lithium ion batteries, light emitting diodes and the semiconductor materials for hydrogen production by water splitting. Embraces concepts from nanostructured and highly disordered materials to lead halide perovskite solar cells Takes a broad perspective and comprehensively addresses the fundamentals so that the reader can apply these and assess future developments and technologies in the field. Introduces basic techniques and methods for understanding the materials and interfaces that compose operative energy devices such as solar cells and solar fuel converters.

Design Fabrication and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials

Design  Fabrication  and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials Book
Author : Sabu Thomas,Nandakumar Kalarikkal,Ann Rose Abraham
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-11-26
ISBN : 012820883X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Design, Fabrication, and Characterization of Multifunctional Nanomaterials covers major techniques for the design, synthesis, and development of multifunctional nanomaterials. The chapters highlight the main characterization techniques, including X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, and scanning probe microscopy. The book explores major synthesis methods and functional studies, including: Brillouin spectroscopy; Temperature-dependent Raman spectroscopic studies; Magnetic, ferroelectric, and magneto-electric coupling analysis; Organ-on-a-chip methods for testing nanomaterials; Magnetron sputtering techniques; Pulsed laser deposition techniques; Positron annihilation spectroscopy to prove defects in nanomaterials; Electroanalytic techniques. This is an important reference source for materials science students, scientists, and engineers who are looking to increase their understanding of design and fabrication techniques for a range of multifunctional nanomaterials. Explains the major design and fabrication techniques and processes for a range of multifunctional nanomaterials; Demonstrates the design and development of magnetic, ferroelectric, multiferroic, and carbon nanomaterials for electronic applications, energy generation, and storage; Green synthesis techniques and the development of nanofibers and thin films are also emphasized.

The Physics of Solar Cells

The Physics of Solar Cells Book
Author : Juan Bisquert
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-11-15
ISBN : 1351395580
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides an explanation of the operation of photovoltaic devices from a broad perspective that embraces a variety of materials concepts, from nanostructured and highly disordered organic materials, to highly efficient devices such as the lead halide perovskite solar cells. The book establishes from the beginning a simple but very rich model of a solar cell, in order to develop and understand step by step the photovoltaic operation according to fundamental physical properties and constraints. It emphasizes the aspects pertaining to the functioning of a solar cell and the determination of limiting efficiencies of energy conversion. The final chapters of the book establish a more refined and realistic treatment of the many factors that determine the actual performance of experimental devices: transport gradients, interfacial recombination, optical losses and so forth. The book finishes with a short review of additional important aspects of solar energy conversion, such as the photonic aspects of spectral modification, and the direct conversion of solar photons to chemical fuel via electrochemical reactions.

Counter Electrodes for Dye Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells 2 Vols

Counter Electrodes for Dye Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells  2 Vols   Book
Author : Sining Yun,Anders Hagfeldt
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2019-01-04
ISBN : 3527413677
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A guide to one of the most important aspects for affordable and highly efficient dye-sensitized solar cells Dye-sensitized solar cells have the potential to be one of the most promising photovoltaic technologies for production of renewable and clean energy. Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells offers an introduction to the various types of counter electrode catalysts for dye-sensitized solar cells and perovskite solar cells, including metal and metal compounds, carbon materials, polymers, and composites. With contributions from an international panel of experts, the book contains a discussion of the design and synthesis of the catalysts, characterization and stability of the devices, as well as calculations on properties. The contributors cover a wide range of topics including information on: carbon nanotubes electrocatalysts for I-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells; Pt-loaded composite electrocatalysts for I-mediated dye-sensitized solar cells; metal contact electrodes for perovskite solar cells; and much more. The book also includes insight into the future developments in the field. This important resource Covers the various types of counter electrode catalysts and presents design strategies, synthesis methods, theoretical calculation and stability evaluation Includes information on low-cost counter electrode catalysts and commercial applications of dye-sensitized sensitized solar cells Disscuses how electrode catalysts can be applied in a range of fields, such as solar cells, fuel cells, hydrogen production, and photocatalysis Offers contributions from leading experts in the field including Anders Hagfeldt, one of the world's leading researchers in this field Written for materials scientists, solid state chemists, electrochemists, catalytic chemists, solid state physicists, and chemical industry professionals, Counter Electrodes for Dye-Sensitized and Perovskite Solar Cells is a comprehensive and authoritative guide to dye-sensitized solar cells.