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Characterization Of Polymeric Biomaterials

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Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi,Silvia Farè
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-20
ISBN : 0081007434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials presents a comprehensive introduction on the topic before discussing the morphology and surface characterization of biomedical polymers. The structural, mechanical, and biological characterization is described in detail, followed by invaluable case studies of polymer biomaterial implants. With comprehensive coverage of both theoretical and experimental information, this title will provide scientists with an essential guide on the topic of these materials which are regularly used for clinical applications, such as implants and drug delivery devices. However, a range of novel polymers and the development and modification of existing medical polymers means that there is an ongoing need to satisfy particular design requirements. This book explains the critical and fundamentals methods to characterize polymer materials for biomedical applications. Presents a self-contained reference on the characterization of polymeric biomaterials Provides comprehensive information on how to characterize biomedical polymers in order to improve design and synthesis Includes useful case studies that demonstrate the characterization of biomaterial implants

New Radio opaque Polymeric Biomaterials

New Radio opaque Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Marcus Antonius Bernardus Kruft
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9789038610184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Radio opaque Polymeric Biomaterials book written by Marcus Antonius Bernardus Kruft, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Advanced Polymers in Medicine

Advanced Polymers in Medicine Book
Author : Francesco Puoci
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-02
ISBN : 3319124781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides an up-to-date overview of the diverse medical applications of advanced polymers. The book opens by presenting important background information on polymer chemistry and physicochemical characterization of polymers. This serves as essential scientific support for the subsequent chapters, each of which is devoted to the applications of polymers in a particular medical specialty. The coverage is broad, encompassing orthopedics, ophthalmology, tissue engineering, surgery, dentistry, oncology, drug delivery, nephrology, wound dressing and healing, and cardiology. The development of polymers that enhance the biocompatibility of blood-contacting medical devices and the incorporation of polymers within biosensors are also addressed. This book is an excellent guide to the recent advances in polymeric biomaterials and bridges the gap between the research literature and standard textbooks on the applications of polymers in medicine.

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering Book
Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi,Silvia Farè,Gabriele Candiani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-16
ISBN : 0128094591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering provides readers with an introduction to biomaterials engineering. With a strong focus on the essentials of materials science, the book also examines the physiological mechanisms of defense and repair, tissue engineering and the basics of biotechnology. An introductory section covers materials, their properties, processing and engineering methods. The second section, dedicated to Biomaterials and Biocompatibility, deals with issues related to the use and application of the various classes of materials in the biomedical field, particularly within the human body, the mechanisms underlying the physiological processes of defense and repair, and the phenomenology of the interaction between the biological environment and biomaterials. The last part of the book addresses two areas of growing importance: Tissue Engineering and Biotechnology. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, students and all those looking for a comprehensive and concise introduction to biomaterials engineering. Offers a one-stop source for information on the essentials of biomaterials and engineering Useful as an introduction or advanced reference on recent advances in the biomaterials field Developed by experienced international authors, incorporating feedback and input from existing customers

Polymeric Biomaterials

Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu,Valentin Popa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-01-17
ISBN : 1420094718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctiona

Polymeric Biomaterials Structure and function

Polymeric Biomaterials  Structure and function Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu,Valentin I. Popa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-01
ISBN : 142009470X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and Function, contains 25 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: The structure and properties of synthetic polymers including polyesters, polyphosphazenes, and elastomers The structure and properties of natural polymers such as mucoadhesives, chitin, lignin, and carbohydrate derivatives Blends and composites—for example, metal–polymer composites and biodegradable polymeric/ceramic composites Bioresorbable hybrid membranes, drug delivery systems, cell bioassay systems, electrospinning for regenerative medicine, and more Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials: from their chemical, physical, and structural properties to polymer synthesis and processing techniques and current applications in the medical and pharmaceutical fields.

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Book
Author : Sangamesh Kumbar,Cato Laurencin,Meng Deng
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 0123972906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

Polymeric Biomaterials for Drug Delivery

Polymeric Biomaterials for Drug Delivery Book
Author : Emmanuelle Croze
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2002
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Polymeric Biomaterials for Drug Delivery book written by Emmanuelle Croze, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Polymeric Biomaterials

Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu,Valentin Popa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-03-05
ISBN : 1420094734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctiona

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Buddy D. Ratner,David G. Castner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1489919538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of synthetic materials in medicine date back over 4000 year2. The Egyptians used linen as sutures. In the Roman Empire, gold was used in dentistry. Perhaps even earlier, ivory and bone may have been used in the body by practitioners of the healing arts. The historical origins of modem biomaterials science are also hard to precisely trace, but many of the ideas that define biomaterials as we know them today evolved in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Surface modification technology has played a prominent role in biomaterials science, and has paralleled the evolution of the modem field. In a symposium organized by the Artifical Heart Program of the NIH National Heart Institute and the Artificial Kidney program of the NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases, held in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1968, there were already a number of presentations on surface modification. Surface characterization at that time included scanning electron microscopy, ellipsometry, contact angle methods, and infrared internal reflection methods.

Develope of Ultrasound Elastography for Nondestructive and Noninvasive Characterization of Stiffer Polymeric Biomaterials

Develope of Ultrasound Elastography for Nondestructive and Noninvasive Characterization of Stiffer Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Zhou Haoyan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant advancements in biodegradable polymeric materials have been made for numerous applications including tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and drug delivery. The functions of these polymers within each application often rely on controllable polymer degradation and erosion, yet the process has proven difficult to measure in vivo. Traditional methods for investigating polymer erosion and degradation are destructive, hampering accurate longitudinal measurement of the samples in the same subject. To overcome this limitation we have explored the use of ultrasound elastography imaging as a tool to nondestructively measure strain of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) phase sensitive in situ forming implants which changes with progressive loss of structural integrity resulting from polymer erosion. In order to better employ this technology, ultrasound elastography imaging was first characterized and validated by comparing to the gold standard unconfined compression testing of PDMS samples with different Young’s moduli. The detection limit as well as detectable difference of this technique were identified. This imaging system was also optimized to scan stiffer polymeric biomaterials. Using this tool, we investigated erosion kinetics of implants comprised of three different PLGA molecular weights in vitro and in vivo. The in vitro environment was created using a novel polyacrylamide based tissue mimicking phantom while the in vivo experiment was performed subcutaneously using a rat abdominal model. A strong linear relationship independent of polymer molecular weight was found between average strain values and erosion values in both the in vitro and in vivo environment. Results support the use of a mechanical stiffness based predicative model for longitudinal monitoring of material erosion and highlight the use of ultrasound elastography as a nondestructive tool for measuring polymer erosion kinetics.

Polymer Gels

Polymer Gels Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-07
ISBN : 9811060835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a range of synthesis and characterization techniques that are critical for tailoring and broadening the various aspects of polymer gels, as well as the numerous advantages that polymer gel-based materials offer. It presents a comprehensive collection of chapters on the recent advances and developments in the science and fundamentals of both synthetic and natural polymer-based gels. Topics covered include: synthesis and structure of physically/chemically cross-linked polymer-gels/polymeric nanogels; gel formation through non-covalent cross-linking; molecular design and characterization; polysaccharide-based polymer gels: synthesis, characterization, and properties; modified polysaccharide gels: silica-based polymeric gels as platforms for the delivery of pharmaceuticals; gel-based approaches in genomic and proteomic sciences; emulgels in drug delivery; and organogels. The book provides a cutting-edge resource for researchers and scientists working in various fields involving polymers, biomaterials, bio-nanotechnology and functional materials.

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces II

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces II Book
Author : W. J. Feast,H. S. Munro,R. W. Richards
Publisher : Wiley-Blackwell
Release : 1993-04-28
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces II W. J. Feast, University of Durham, Durham, UK H. S. Munro, Courtaulds Research, Coventry, UK R. W. Richards, University of Durham, Durham, UK This volume presents a collection of review papers, based on the 'Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces II International Symposium' which took place in Durham (UK), July 1991 Compiled here, the papers present an authoritative overview of current technology and research on polymer surfaces, by acknowledged experts in their specialist fields. Individual reviews cover analytical techniques, properties, reactions, modelling and synthesis of surfaces and interfaces. Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces II will be of interest to polymer scientists, surface scientists, chemists, physicists and biologists, working in industrial and academic laboratories. Reviews of the previous volume 'Altogether a most useful addition to polymer science' -- Physics Bulletin 'The book can be unreservedly recommended to chemists and materials scientists with an interest in adhesion, biomaterials, polymer dispersions and molecular engineering' -- Polymer Contents Surface Chemistry of Chemically Resistant Polymers; T. G. Bee, A. J. Dias, N. L. Franchina, B. U. Kolb, K.-W. Lee, P. A. Patton, M. S. Shoichet and T. J. McCarthy Self-assembled Molecular Films as Polymer Surface Models; D. L. Allara, S. V. Atre and A. N. Parikh Non-equilibrium Effects in Polymeric Stabilization; M. E. Cates and J. T. Brooks Ion Beam Analysis of Composition Profiles near Polymer Surfaces and Interfaces; R. A. L. Jones Laser Light Scattering; J. C. Earnshaw Characterization of Interfaces in Polymers and Composites using Raman Spectroscopy; R. J. Young Surface Modification and Analysis of Ultra-high-modulus Polyethylene Fibres for Composites; G. A. George SSIMS -- An Emeriging Technique for the Surface Chemical Analysis of Polymeric Biomaterials; M. C. Davies Scanning Probe Microscopy -- Current Issues in the Analysis of Polymeric Biomaterials; M. C. Davies, D. E. Jackson, C. J Roberts, S. J. B. Tendler, K. M. Kreusel, M. J. Wilkins and P. M. Williams Surface Grafting of a Thrombin Substrate on a Polymer Membrane and the Inhibition of Thrombin Activity Leading to Non-thrombogenicity; Y. Ito, L.-S. Liu and Y. Imanishi Acid--Base Effects at Polymer Interfaces; C. J. van Oss

Characterization of Biomaterials

Characterization of Biomaterials Book
Author : Amit Bandyopadhyay,Susmita Bose
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2013-03-12
ISBN : 0124158633
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

One of the key challenges current biomaterials researchers face is identifying which of the dizzying number of highly specialized characterization tools can be gainfully applied to different materials and biomedical devices. Since this diverse marketplace of tools and techniques can be used for numerous applications, choosing the proper characterization tool is highly important, saving both time and resources. Characterization of Biomaterials is a detailed and multidisciplinary discussion of the physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, in vitro and in vivo characterization tools and techniques of increasing importance to fundamental biomaterials research. Characterization of Biomaterials will serve as a comprehensive resource for biomaterials researchers requiring detailed information on physical, chemical, mechanical, surface, and in vitro or in vivo characterization. The book is designed for materials scientists, bioengineers, biologists, clinicians and biomedical device researchers seeking input on planning on how to test their novel materials, structures or biomedical devices to a specific application. Chapters are developed considering the need for industrial researchers as well as academics. Biomaterials researchers come from a wide variety of disciplines: this book will help them to analyze their materials and devices taking advantage of the multiple experiences on offer. Coverage encompasses a cross-section of the physical sciences, biological sciences, engineering and applied sciences characterization community, providing gainful and cross-cutting insight into this highly multi-disciplinary field. Detailed coverage of important test protocols presents specific examples and standards for applied characterization

Click Functionalized Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering

Click Functionalized Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Rajiv Desai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis will explore the ability to crosslink different alginate or gelatin polymer systems with a bioorthogonal, cytocompatible, and facile click chemical reaction between tetrazine and norbornene. Polymer chemical characterization, hydrogel mechanical characterization, and biological cell characterization studies are shown to demonstrate the utility of these novel biomaterial systems. A 3D bioprinting application of the click gelatin materials is also presented to highlight the amenability of this crosslinking chemistry to create novel tissue constructs. Together, the results presented in this thesis showcase a novel polymer platform that improves the functionality of commonly used biopolymers to allow bioengineers to answer complex research questions in the field of tissue engineering.

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers

Tissue Engineering Using Ceramics and Polymers Book
Author : Aldo R. Boccaccini,J Gough
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2007-10-31
ISBN : 1845693817
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Technology and research in the field of tissue engineering has drastically increased within the last few years to the extent that almost every tissue and organ of the human body could potentially be regenerated. With its distinguished editors and international team of contributors, Tissue Engineering using Ceramics and Polymers reviews the latest research and advances in this thriving area and how they can be used to develop treatments for disease states. Part one discusses general issues such as ceramic and polymeric biomaterials, scaffolds, transplantation of engineered cells, surface modification and drug delivery. Later chapters review characterisation using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and secondary ion mass spectrometry as well as environmental scanning electron microscopy and Raman micro-spectroscopy. Chapters in part two analyse bone regeneration and specific types of tissue engineering and repair such as cardiac, intervertebral disc, skin, kidney and bladder tissue. The book concludes with the coverage of themes such as nerve bioengineering and the micromechanics of hydroxyapatite-based biomaterials and tissue scaffolds. Tissue Engineering using Ceramics and Polymers is an innovative reference for professionals and academics involved in the field of tissue engineering. An innovative and up-to-date reference for professionals and academics Environmental scanning electron microscopy is discussed Analyses bone regeneration and specific types of tisue engineering

Polymeric Biomaterials Based on Dihydroxyacetone and Ethylene Glycol

Polymeric Biomaterials Based on Dihydroxyacetone and Ethylene Glycol Book
Author : Peter Zawaneh
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2008
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Polymeric Biomaterials Based on Dihydroxyacetone and Ethylene Glycol book written by Peter Zawaneh, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Forensic Engineering of Advanced Polymeric Biomaterials

Forensic Engineering of Advanced Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Grazyna Adamus
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2017
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The biosafety of advanced polymeric biomaterials needs prediction, evaluation and indication on potential complications arising from their use and the formation of their degradation products. Thus, the methodology of forensic engineering of advanced polymeric materials (FEAPM) is currently being developed in the area of biocompatible polymers. This novel approach deals with the evaluation and understanding of the relationships between their structure, properties and behavior before, during and after practical applications. FEAPM provides a central driving force for the otherwise disconnected works and should help to design precisely structured polymer materials and to avoid potential failures of the commercial products manufactured from them. The selected prediction and case studies related with design of precisely structured polymer biomaterials for diverse applications in medicine and cosmetic industry will be presented. The molecular level characterization of polymers, including natural polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHA) and their synthetic analogues will be discussed.

Biologically Modified Polymeric Biomaterial Surfaces

Biologically Modified Polymeric Biomaterial Surfaces Book
Author : E. Piskin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401118728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

gap always exists between the material performance generation of new molecules along with the release during in-vivo animal tests and clinical situations, of substances from a multitude of cells. The plasma because of the difference in individual reactions proteins (including coagulation and complement proteins), the blood cells deposited on the material between one animal and another and humans. Likewise, sophisticated in-vitro and in-vivo models surface or circulating in the blood stream and their are being developed to study living body responses. released substances take part in the dynamic process of fibrinolysis and thrombus formation. Progress has been achieved in culturing mammalian cells, particularly human cells, which has lead to new in-vitro models to study cell-biomaterial Tissue response interactions. These techniques are discussed in the other chapters of this volume. Materials implanted in tissues always generate a response. The major tissue response in the extra BIOLOGICAL MODIFICATION vascular system is an inflammatory process, which may be induced chemically or physically. Many Surfaces of polymeric biomaterials may be modified proteins and cells are involved in this very complex by using a variety of biological entities (e.g.

Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel Biomaterial

Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel Biomaterial Book
Author : Michelle J. Suhrbur
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1994
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Synthesis and Characterization of a Novel Biomaterial book written by Michelle J. Suhrbur, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.