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Characterization Of Polymeric Biomaterials

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Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi,Silvia Farè
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2017-06-20
ISBN : 0081007434
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Polymeric Biomaterials presents a comprehensive introduction on the topic before discussing the morphology and surface characterization of biomedical polymers. The structural, mechanical, and biological characterization is described in detail, followed by invaluable case studies of polymer biomaterial implants. With comprehensive coverage of both theoretical and experimental information, this title will provide scientists with an essential guide on the topic of these materials which are regularly used for clinical applications, such as implants and drug delivery devices. However, a range of novel polymers and the development and modification of existing medical polymers means that there is an ongoing need to satisfy particular design requirements. This book explains the critical and fundamentals methods to characterize polymer materials for biomedical applications. Presents a self-contained reference on the characterization of polymeric biomaterials Provides comprehensive information on how to characterize biomedical polymers in order to improve design and synthesis Includes useful case studies that demonstrate the characterization of biomaterial implants

Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration

Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Regeneration Book
Author : Changyou Gao
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-10-08
ISBN : 9811022933
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book reviews state-of-the-art of polymeric biomaterials for regenerative medicine, and highlights advances in both basic science and clinical practice. It summarizes the latest techniques in polymeric scaffold fabrication, delivery carriers, physicochemical property modulation, as well as their influence on adhesion and the performance of biomolecules, cells and tissues. It also describes methods for creating biofunctional surfaces/interfaces and subsequently modulating the host response to implantable materials. Lastly, it discusses the applications of biomaterials and constructs in soft-tissue regenerative medicine. It is a valuable resource for materials scientists and engineers wishing to identify research priorities to fulfill clinical needs and provides physicians with insights into emerging novel biomaterials. This integrated approach also offers engineering students a sense of the relevance of materials science in the development of novel therapeutic strategies.

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering Book
Author : Maria Cristina Tanzi,Silvia Farè,Gabriele Candiani
Publisher : Academic Press
Release : 2019-03-16
ISBN : 0128094591
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Foundations of Biomaterials Engineering provides readers with an introduction to biomaterials engineering. With a strong focus on the essentials of materials science, the book also examines the physiological mechanisms of defense and repair, tissue engineering and the basics of biotechnology. An introductory section covers materials, their properties, processing and engineering methods. The second section, dedicated to Biomaterials and Biocompatibility, deals with issues related to the use and application of the various classes of materials in the biomedical field, particularly within the human body, the mechanisms underlying the physiological processes of defense and repair, and the phenomenology of the interaction between the biological environment and biomaterials. The last part of the book addresses two areas of growing importance: Tissue Engineering and Biotechnology. This book is a valuable resource for researchers, students and all those looking for a comprehensive and concise introduction to biomaterials engineering. Offers a one-stop source for information on the essentials of biomaterials and engineering Useful as an introduction or advanced reference on recent advances in the biomaterials field Developed by experienced international authors, incorporating feedback and input from existing customers

Polymeric Biomaterials for Healthcare Applications

Polymeric Biomaterials for Healthcare Applications Book
Author : Kokkarachedu Varaprasad
Publisher : Woodhead Publishing
Release : 2022-05-16
ISBN : 0323852343
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymeric Biomaterials for Healthcare Applications details a broad range of polymeric biomaterials, methods of synthesis and preparation, and their various applications in healthcare and biomedicine. The book provides a fundamental overview of polymers and processing technologies to allow clinical scientists to explore the use of these polymers in alternative applications. A wide variety of healthcare applications are covered, including treatment for autoimmune diseases and bacterial infections, tissue engineering, gene delivery, wound dressing, and more. The book provides a core introductory text for clinical and materials scientists new to the area of polymeric biomaterials. This book will prove useful to academics and researchers in materials science, biomedical engineering, clinical science and pharmaceutical science. Covers a broad range of polymeric biomaterials, including chitosan, alginate, cellulose, collagen, synthetic conjugates, and more Details a wide variety of healthcare applications for polymeric biomaterials, such as orthopedic engineering, antibiotics, targeted drug delivery, and more Provides a detailed overview of polymer processing technologies and sterilization considerations

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers

Natural and Synthetic Biomedical Polymers Book
Author : Sangamesh Kumbar,Cato Laurencin,Meng Deng
Publisher : Newnes
Release : 2014-01-21
ISBN : 0123972906
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Polymers are important and attractive biomaterials for researchers and clinical applications due to the ease of tailoring their chemical, physical and biological properties for target devices. Due to this versatility they are rapidly replacing other classes of biomaterials such as ceramics or metals. As a result, the demand for biomedical polymers has grown exponentially and supports a diverse and highly monetized research community. Currently worth $1.2bn in 2009 (up from $650m in 2000), biomedical polymers are expected to achieve a CAGR of 9.8% until 2015, supporting a current research community of approximately 28,000+. Summarizing the main advances in biopolymer development of the last decades, this work systematically covers both the physical science and biomedical engineering of the multidisciplinary field. Coverage extends across synthesis, characterization, design consideration and biomedical applications. The work supports scientists researching the formulation of novel polymers with desirable physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties for specific targeted biomedical applications. Combines chemistry, biology and engineering for expert and appropriate integration of design and engineering of polymeric biomaterials Physical, chemical, biological, biomechanical and degradation properties alongside currently deployed clinical applications of specific biomaterials aids use as single source reference on field. 15+ case studies provides in-depth analysis of currently used polymeric biomaterials, aiding design considerations for the future

Polymeric Biomaterials

Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu,Valentin Popa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-03-05
ISBN : 1420094734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctiona

Polymeric Biomaterials

Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu,Valentin Popa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-01-17
ISBN : 1420094718
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctiona

New Radio opaque Polymeric Biomaterials

New Radio opaque Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Marcus Antonius Bernardus Kruft
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 1997
ISBN : 9789038610184
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download New Radio opaque Polymeric Biomaterials book written by Marcus Antonius Bernardus Kruft, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials

Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Munmaya Mishra
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-08-16
ISBN : 1351653032
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The Concise Encyclopedia of Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials presents new and selected content from the 11-volume Biomedical Polymers and Polymeric Biomaterials Encyclopedia. The carefully culled content includes groundbreaking work from the earlier published work as well as exclusive online material added since its publication in print. A diverse and global team of renowned scientists provide cutting edge information concerning polymers and polymeric biomaterials. Acknowledging the evolving nature of the field, the encyclopedia also features newly added content in areas such as tissue engineering, tissue repair and reconstruction, and biomimetic materials.

Polymeric Biomaterials Structure and function

Polymeric Biomaterials  Structure and function Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu,Valentin I. Popa
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2013-01
ISBN : 142009470X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomaterials have had a major impact on the practice of contemporary medicine and patient care. Growing into a major interdisciplinary effort involving chemists, biologists, engineers, and physicians, biomaterials development has enabled the creation of high-quality devices, implants, and drug carriers with greater biocompatibility and biofunctionality. The fast-paced research and increasing interest in finding new and improved biocompatible or biodegradable polymers has provided a wealth of new information, transforming this edition of Polymeric Biomaterials into a two-volume set. This volume, Polymeric Biomaterials: Structure and Function, contains 25 authoritative chapters written by experts from around the world. Contributors cover the following topics: The structure and properties of synthetic polymers including polyesters, polyphosphazenes, and elastomers The structure and properties of natural polymers such as mucoadhesives, chitin, lignin, and carbohydrate derivatives Blends and composites—for example, metal–polymer composites and biodegradable polymeric/ceramic composites Bioresorbable hybrid membranes, drug delivery systems, cell bioassay systems, electrospinning for regenerative medicine, and more Completely revised and expanded, this state-of-the-art reference presents recent developments in polymeric biomaterials: from their chemical, physical, and structural properties to polymer synthesis and processing techniques and current applications in the medical and pharmaceutical fields.

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials

Surface Modification of Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Buddy D. Ratner,David G. Castner
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2013-06-29
ISBN : 1489919538
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Applications of synthetic materials in medicine date back over 4000 year2. The Egyptians used linen as sutures. In the Roman Empire, gold was used in dentistry. Perhaps even earlier, ivory and bone may have been used in the body by practitioners of the healing arts. The historical origins of modem biomaterials science are also hard to precisely trace, but many of the ideas that define biomaterials as we know them today evolved in the late 1950s and early 1960s. Surface modification technology has played a prominent role in biomaterials science, and has paralleled the evolution of the modem field. In a symposium organized by the Artifical Heart Program of the NIH National Heart Institute and the Artificial Kidney program of the NIH National Institute of Arthritis and Metabolic Diseases, held in Atlantic City, New Jersey, in 1968, there were already a number of presentations on surface modification. Surface characterization at that time included scanning electron microscopy, ellipsometry, contact angle methods, and infrared internal reflection methods.

Biologically Modified Polymeric Biomaterial Surfaces

Biologically Modified Polymeric Biomaterial Surfaces Book
Author : E. Piskin
Publisher : Springer Science & Business Media
Release : 2012-12-06
ISBN : 9401118728
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

gap always exists between the material performance generation of new molecules along with the release during in-vivo animal tests and clinical situations, of substances from a multitude of cells. The plasma because of the difference in individual reactions proteins (including coagulation and complement proteins), the blood cells deposited on the material between one animal and another and humans. Likewise, sophisticated in-vitro and in-vivo models surface or circulating in the blood stream and their are being developed to study living body responses. released substances take part in the dynamic process of fibrinolysis and thrombus formation. Progress has been achieved in culturing mammalian cells, particularly human cells, which has lead to new in-vitro models to study cell-biomaterial Tissue response interactions. These techniques are discussed in the other chapters of this volume. Materials implanted in tissues always generate a response. The major tissue response in the extra BIOLOGICAL MODIFICATION vascular system is an inflammatory process, which may be induced chemically or physically. Many Surfaces of polymeric biomaterials may be modified proteins and cells are involved in this very complex by using a variety of biological entities (e.g.

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Biodegradable Highly hyper Branched Polymeric Biomaterials for Wond Closure of Different Types of Tissue

Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Biodegradable Highly hyper Branched Polymeric Biomaterials for Wond Closure of Different Types of Tissue Book
Author : Hong Zhang
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Synthesis and Characterization of Novel Biodegradable Highly hyper Branched Polymeric Biomaterials for Wond Closure of Different Types of Tissue book written by Hong Zhang, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Cells Proteins and Materials

Cells  Proteins and Materials Book
Author : Stuart Cooper,Sheardown
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2003-04-01
ISBN : 9047403312
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Proteins, Cells and Materials contains a collection of articles, which constitute together the complete Festschrift in honor of the 65th birthday of Dr. John L. Brash. For the first time these articles - published previously in several special issues of the Journal of Biomaterials Science Polymer Edition - have been compiled into one comprehensive

Polymeric Biomaterials Revised and Expanded

Polymeric Biomaterials  Revised and Expanded Book
Author : Severian Dumitriu
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-11-29
ISBN : 9780203904671
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Offering nearly 7000 references-3900 more than the first edition-Polymeric Biomaterials, Second Edition is an up-to-the-minute source for plastics and biomedical engineers, polymer scientists, biochemists, molecular biologists, macromolecular chemists, pharmacists, cardiovascular and plastic surgeons, and graduate and medical students in these disciplines. Completely revised and updated, it includes coverage of genetic engineering, synthesis of biodegradable polymers, hydrogels, and mucoadhesive polymers, as well as polymers for dermacosmetic treatments, burn and wound dressings, orthopedic surgery, artificial joints, vascular prostheses, and in blood contacting systems.

Advanced Polymers in Medicine

Advanced Polymers in Medicine Book
Author : Francesco Puoci
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-12-02
ISBN : 3319124781
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The book provides an up-to-date overview of the diverse medical applications of advanced polymers. The book opens by presenting important background information on polymer chemistry and physicochemical characterization of polymers. This serves as essential scientific support for the subsequent chapters, each of which is devoted to the applications of polymers in a particular medical specialty. The coverage is broad, encompassing orthopedics, ophthalmology, tissue engineering, surgery, dentistry, oncology, drug delivery, nephrology, wound dressing and healing, and cardiology. The development of polymers that enhance the biocompatibility of blood-contacting medical devices and the incorporation of polymers within biosensors are also addressed. This book is an excellent guide to the recent advances in polymeric biomaterials and bridges the gap between the research literature and standard textbooks on the applications of polymers in medicine.

Click Functionalized Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering

Click Functionalized Polymeric Biomaterials for Tissue Engineering Book
Author : Rajiv Desai
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2016
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This thesis will explore the ability to crosslink different alginate or gelatin polymer systems with a bioorthogonal, cytocompatible, and facile click chemical reaction between tetrazine and norbornene. Polymer chemical characterization, hydrogel mechanical characterization, and biological cell characterization studies are shown to demonstrate the utility of these novel biomaterial systems. A 3D bioprinting application of the click gelatin materials is also presented to highlight the amenability of this crosslinking chemistry to create novel tissue constructs. Together, the results presented in this thesis showcase a novel polymer platform that improves the functionality of commonly used biopolymers to allow bioengineers to answer complex research questions in the field of tissue engineering.

Laser surface treatment of a polymeric biomaterial

Laser surface treatment of a polymeric biomaterial  Book
Author : David Garreth Waugh,Jonathan Lawrence
Publisher : Archives contemporaines
Release : 2014-02-01
ISBN : 2813001236
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biotechnology has the potential to improve people’s quality of life and holds the key to many unmet clinical needs. In the UK alone the biotechnology market is worth £4.5 billion and estimates of future growth range from 10 to 15%. This growth can only be driven by the increased use of inexpensive and easy to manufacture polymeric biomaterials. Although polymer science is a rapidly developing area of research, it remains that one of the most intractable problems encountered in biotechnology is that the performance of polymeric biomaterials depend upon both the bulk and surface properties. In this book the authors describe their work using lasers to modify the wettability characteristics of nylon 6,6 (as wetting is often the primary factor dictating the adhesion and bonding potential of materials) as a route to enhancing the surface in terms of in vitro osteoblast cell response. What is more, modifying wettability characteristics in this way is shown to be a highly attractive means of estimating the biofunctionality of a polymer. The book demonstrates and explains how the generation of a biomimetic surface on polymers using laser beams provides an in vitro platform on which to deposit and grow cells for either the development of implants or to reconstitute functional tissue. The correlative trends and generic characteristics which are identified in the book between the laser surface treatment, wettability characteristics and osteoblast cell response of the nylon 6,6 provide a means to estimate the osteoblast cell response in vivo. The book shows clearly that laser surface modification of polymeric materials has tremendous potential for application within the field of regenerative medicine.

Polymer Gels

Polymer Gels Book
Author : Vijay Kumar Thakur,Manju Kumari Thakur
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2018-08-07
ISBN : 9811060835
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book addresses a range of synthesis and characterization techniques that are critical for tailoring and broadening the various aspects of polymer gels, as well as the numerous advantages that polymer gel-based materials offer. It presents a comprehensive collection of chapters on the recent advances and developments in the science and fundamentals of both synthetic and natural polymer-based gels. Topics covered include: synthesis and structure of physically/chemically cross-linked polymer-gels/polymeric nanogels; gel formation through non-covalent cross-linking; molecular design and characterization; polysaccharide-based polymer gels: synthesis, characterization, and properties; modified polysaccharide gels: silica-based polymeric gels as platforms for the delivery of pharmaceuticals; gel-based approaches in genomic and proteomic sciences; emulgels in drug delivery; and organogels. The book provides a cutting-edge resource for researchers and scientists working in various fields involving polymers, biomaterials, bio-nanotechnology and functional materials.

Develope of Ultrasound Elastography for Nondestructive and Noninvasive Characterization of Stiffer Polymeric Biomaterials

Develope of Ultrasound Elastography for Nondestructive and Noninvasive Characterization of Stiffer Polymeric Biomaterials Book
Author : Zhou Haoyan
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2015
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Significant advancements in biodegradable polymeric materials have been made for numerous applications including tissue engineering, regenerative medicine and drug delivery. The functions of these polymers within each application often rely on controllable polymer degradation and erosion, yet the process has proven difficult to measure in vivo. Traditional methods for investigating polymer erosion and degradation are destructive, hampering accurate longitudinal measurement of the samples in the same subject. To overcome this limitation we have explored the use of ultrasound elastography imaging as a tool to nondestructively measure strain of poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) phase sensitive in situ forming implants which changes with progressive loss of structural integrity resulting from polymer erosion. In order to better employ this technology, ultrasound elastography imaging was first characterized and validated by comparing to the gold standard unconfined compression testing of PDMS samples with different Young’s moduli. The detection limit as well as detectable difference of this technique were identified. This imaging system was also optimized to scan stiffer polymeric biomaterials. Using this tool, we investigated erosion kinetics of implants comprised of three different PLGA molecular weights in vitro and in vivo. The in vitro environment was created using a novel polyacrylamide based tissue mimicking phantom while the in vivo experiment was performed subcutaneously using a rat abdominal model. A strong linear relationship independent of polymer molecular weight was found between average strain values and erosion values in both the in vitro and in vivo environment. Results support the use of a mechanical stiffness based predicative model for longitudinal monitoring of material erosion and highlight the use of ultrasound elastography as a nondestructive tool for measuring polymer erosion kinetics.