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Characterization Of Nanoparticles

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Characterization of Nanoparticles

Characterization of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Wolfgang Unger,Ing. V. -D. Hodoroaba,Alex Shard
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2019-09-30
ISBN : 0128141824
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Nanoparticles: Measurement Processes for Nanoparticles surveys this fast growing field, including established methods for the physical and chemical characterization of nanoparticles. The book focuses on sample preparation issues (including potential pitfalls), with measurement procedures described in detail. In addition, the book explores data reduction, including the quantitative evaluation of the final result and its uncertainty of measurement. The results of published inter-laboratory comparisons are referred to, along with the availability of reference materials necessary for instrument calibration and method validation. The application of these methods are illustrated with practical examples on what is routine and what remains a challenge. In addition, this book summarizes promising methods still under development and analyzes the need for complementary methods to enhance the quality of nanoparticle characterization with solutions already in operation. Helps readers decide which nanocharacterization method is best for each measurement problem, including limitations, advantages and disadvantages Shows which nanocharacterization methods are best for different classes of nanomaterial Demonstrates the practical use of a method based on selected case studies

Characterization of Nanoparticles Intended for Drug Delivery

Characterization of Nanoparticles Intended for Drug Delivery Book
Author : Scott E. McNeil
Publisher : Humana Press
Release : 2016-08-23
ISBN : 9781493961139
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In recent years, there have been many exciting breakthroughs in the application of nanotechnology to medicine. In Characterization of Nanoparticles Intended for Drug Delivery, expert researchers explore the latest advances in the field, providing a set of basic methods for the characterization of nanomaterials for medical use. Chapters provide methods to characterize the physiochemical properties (size, aggregation, and surface chemistry) and in vitro immunological and biological characteristics of nanomaterials. Composed in the highly successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format, each chapter contains a brief introduction, step-by-step methods, a list of necessary materials, and a Notes section which shares tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Comprehensive and informative, Characterization of Nanoparticles Intended for Drug Delivery is an essential survey of methods that are crucial to the preclinical characterization of nanomedicines.

Nanoparticles Promises and Risks

Nanoparticles  Promises and Risks Book
Author : Mihai Lungu,Adrian Neculae,Madalin Bunoiu,Claudiu Biris
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2014-10-28
ISBN : 3319117289
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The focus of this interdisciplinary volume is on four areas of nanoparticle research: characterization, manipulation, and potential effects on humanity and the environment. The book includes a comprehensive collection of data on industrial nanoparticle creation and the characterization of the nanoscale products of these processes. The authors describe the effects of these nanoscale structures on human health and discuss prospective implementations for detection and characterization of nanoparticles in the environment. They recommend, utilizing the most up-to-date understanding of nanotechnology, methods for limiting the negative effects of these products on the environment and human health through manipulation, sorting, and filtration.

Advanced Synthesis of Gold and Zirconia Nanoparticles and Their Characterization

Advanced Synthesis of Gold and Zirconia Nanoparticles and Their Characterization Book
Author : Stephan Dankesreiter
Publisher : Diplomica Verlag
Release : 2011-01
ISBN : 383669199X
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The development of small and smallest particle is one of today's key features in modern science. The goal is to form materials with improved properties than their "classical" ancestors with just a fractional amount of raw material. However, the characterization of these particles is as important as their way of preparation. Different techniques with their origins in physics, inorganic, organic and physical chemistry have to be combined to reveal the secrets of this important field of science. This book gives a short overview of theoretical basics and synthesis methods to form and characterize gold and zirconia nanoparticles. Phenomenon like plasmon resonance self-assembly of surfactants and the different structures of ZnO2 are explained. Furthermore, analytical tools, like small angle X-ray scattering, X-ray powder diffraction and scanning electron microscopy are introduced. In addition, details on the synthesis of gold and zirconia nanoparticles are presented and are examined by the mentioned analytical and calorimetric methods.

Electron Microscopy Characterization of Nanoparticles for Biomedical Application

Electron Microscopy Characterization of Nanoparticles for Biomedical Application Book
Author : Yitian Zeng
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2021
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Over the past two decades, nanotechnology has demonstrated great potential in the field of biology and medicine. Nanomaterials, such as gold nanoparticles, with their superior chemical and physical properties, are widely used in a variety of biomedical research, ways ranging from cancer early detection (e.g. liquid biopsy) to treatment (e.g. hyperthermia therapy). On the other hand, advances in nano characterization techniques have enabled new investigations of naturally occurring nanoscale features in the body, in order to understand the pathological processes associated with them. This dissertation describes the use of advanced electron microscopy to characterize nanomaterials of relevance to the field of medicine. Some nanoparticles are lithographically fabricated, some are chemically synthesized, and others are directly extracted from tissues and cells. The morphological, crystallographic, chemical, optical and other physical properties of these nanoparticles are evaluated using a combination of imaging, diffraction and advanced spectroscopy techniques in a transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM). In the first part of this work, surface enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) gold nanoparticles were optimized for sensitive detection of tumors by correlating localized surface plasmon resonances (LSPR) with surface enhancement. Electron beam lithography was used to prototype gold nanostructures with a wide variety of shapes, size, interspacing and in different dielectric environments. The LSPR of these structures were measured using electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) in a transmission electron microscope operated in scanning mode (STEM) with monochromation. It is found that nanoparticle size and dielectric environment have the most significant effects on localized surface plasmons, which is collective oscillation modes of the free electron gas at the metal surface. By contrast, interspacing has a weaker influence on surface plasmons for the range studied in this dissertation. Larger nanoparticle size and higher dielectric constant result in lower surface plasmon energies. The novelty of this work is that the LSPR from various nanostructure arrays were correlated with their Raman spectra acquired at different illuminating laser energies after incubation with a Raman dye. It is demonstrated that the largest Raman signal intensities are obtained when the illuminating laser energy coincides with, or is slightly higher than, the gold nanoparticle surface plasmon resonance energies (e.g. 90 nm diameter nanodisc particles with a LSPR energy of 1.94 eV show strongest Raman signal enhancement under a 638 nm (1.94 eV) wavelength laser excitation). By comparing various nanostructure shapes with similar surface plasmon energies, it is shown that sharper nanostructures tend to exhibit stronger surface enhancement. This information is useful in designing nanoparticle combinations to generate the largest SERS enhancement for detection of early stage medical problems such as cancer. The second part of this work is focused on naturally occurring particles, in particular, iron deposits in the hippocampal region of a brain to understand the pathological processes related to Alzheimer's diseases (AD). Recent work on iron accumulation in AD brains has led researchers to hypothesize that the oxidation state of iron may be related to neurodegeneration because ferrous iron, compared with ferric iron, may cause oxidative damage and antioxidant depletion on neurons. First, iron rich regions from AD brain tissues were located using correlative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), optical microscopy (OM), SEM and energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS). Cross-sections of tissue containing iron deposits were then extracted using focused ion beam (FIB) and subsequently thinned to make them electron transparent. The relative concentrations of ferric and ferrous ions within the iron deposits were determined by studying the intensity ratios of Fe L3:L2 edges from the energy loss near edge structure (ELNES) of the Fe L edge using monochromated STEM-EELS as above. Massive correlation across biological and physical microscopy and spectroscopy techniques was demonstrated for the first time in this work. These observations and insights provide supporting evidence of ferrous iron as being possibly associated with AD. The third and final section addresses characterization of artificial and natural nanoparticle composites. These hybrid nanoparticles, fabricated via a simple extrusion method, can greatly increase the target specificity and cellular uptake in various biomedical applications such as cancer imaging and drug delivery. A negative staining technique was utilized to provide contrast of biological components of these nanoparticles in TEM, and specific proteins of interest were labeled with antibodies conjugated to 100 nm diameter gold iron oxide nanoparticles (GIONs). The combination of superior magnetic, photonic and other physical properties from artificial nanoparticles, along with cellular specificity and biological compatibility from natural nanoparticles makes these hybrid nanoparticles useful for multi-modality imaging and possible medical treatment. Overall, electron microscopy is a versatile and powerful methodology for characterization of a wide variety of nanomaterials. Advanced microscopic and spectroscopic techniques such as monochromatic STEM-EELS and EDS, which are rarely used in the life sciences, have great potential in bringing unique insight into biomedical research.

Silver Nanoparticles

Silver Nanoparticles Book
Author : Khan Maaz
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2018-07
ISBN : 1789234786
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Silver Nanoparticles book written by Khan Maaz, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

EMR ESR EPR Spectroscopy for Characterization of Nanomaterials

EMR ESR EPR Spectroscopy for Characterization of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Ashutosh Kumar Shukla
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-11-09
ISBN : 8132236556
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The subject matter of this book is the application of EMR/ESR/EPR spectroscopy for characterization of nanomaterials. Initial chapters deal with nanomaterials and their classification. Characterization of metallic nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles and rare earth impurity doped nanoparticles from the (ESR) spectrum parameters are covered in the chapters that follow. A special feature of the book is EMR/ESR/EPR spectroscopic characterization of nanoparticles which are important due to their bactericidal and anticancerous properties. Strength of continuous wave (CW) is explained with the help of suitable examples. The book focuses on applications and data interpretation avoiding extensive use of mathematics so that it also caters to the need of young scientists in the life science disciplines. The book includes a comparison with other spectroscopic characterization methods so as to give an integrated approach to the reader. It will prove useful to biomedical scientists and engineers, chemists, and materials engineers in student, researcher, and practitioner positions.

Green Metal Nanoparticles

Green Metal Nanoparticles Book
Author : Suvardhan Kanchi,Shakeel Ahmed
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2018-11-06
ISBN : 1119418232
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The use of biological sources such as microbes and plants can help in synthesizing nanoparticles in a reliable and eco-friendly way. The synthesis of nanoparticles by these natural sources is characterized by processes that take place near to ambient temperature and pressures and also near neutral pH. This edited volume authored by subject specialists, provides all the latest research and builds a database of bioreduction agents to various metal nanoparticles using different precursor systems. The book also highlights the different strategies such as simplicity, cost-effectiveness, environment-friendly and easily scalable, and includes parameters for controlling the size and shape of the materials developed from the various greener methods. In order to exploit the utmost potential metal nanoparticles synthesis from the different sources such as agricultural waste, flora and fauna, food waste, microbes and biopolymer systems, it is also crucial to recognize the biochemical and molecular mechanisms of production of nanoparticles and their characterization.

Corona Discharge Micromachining for the Synthesis of Nanoparticles

Corona Discharge Micromachining for the Synthesis of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Ranjeet Kumar Sahu,Somashekhar S Hiremath
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2019-06-13
ISBN : 1000065405
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book summarizes the fundamental and established methods for the synthesis of nanoparticles, providing readers with an organized and comprehensive insight into the field of nanoparticle technology. In addition to exploring the characterization and applications of nanoparticles, it also focuses on the recently explored corona discharge micromachining - Electrical Discharge Micromachining (EDMM) - method to synthesize inorganic nanoparticles. In the synthesis of nanoparticles, organic materials often play an indispensable role, such as providing stabilizers in the form of capping agents. This book will be of interest to advanced undergraduate and graduate students studying physics and engineering, as well as professionals and academics looking for an introduction to the nature and foundations of nanoparticle synthesis. Features: Provides diagnostic tools for the characterization of nanoparticles Explores the cutting-edge EDMM method for the synthesis and characterization of nanoparticles Discusses possible methods to overcome agglomeration of nanoparticles and achieve stable dispersion, in addition to examining the application suitability of synthesized nanoparticles

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Abdel Salam Hamdy Makhlouf,Ahmed Barhoum
Publisher : William Andrew
Release : 2018-08-09
ISBN : 0128135174
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Fundamentals of Nanoparticles: Classifications, Synthesis Methods, Properties and Characterization explores the nanoparticles and architecture of nanostructured materials being used today in a comprehensive, detailed manner. This book focuses primarily on the characterization, properties and synthesis of nanoscale materials, and is divided into three major parts. This is a valuable reference for materials scientists, and chemical and mechanical engineers working in R&D and academia, who want to learn more about how nanoparticles and nanomaterials are characterized and engineered. Part one covers nanoparticles formation, self-assembly in the architecture nanostructures, types and classifications of nanoparticles, and signature physical and chemical properties, toxicity and regulations. Part two presents different ways to form nanometer particles, including bottom-up and top-down approaches, the classical and non-classical theories of nanoparticles formation and self-assembly, surface functionalization and other surface treatments to allow practical use. Part three covers characterization of nanoparticles and nanostructured materials, including the determination of size and shape, in addition to atomic and electronic structures and other important properties. Includes new physical and chemical techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles and architecture nanostructures Features an in-depth treatment of nanoparticles and nanostructures, including their characterization and chemical and physical properties Explores the unusual properties of materials that are developed by modifying their shape and composition and by manipulating the arrangement of atoms and molecules Explains important techniques for the synthesis, fabrication and the characterization of complex nano-architectures

Metal Nanoparticles

Metal Nanoparticles Book
Author : Daniel L. Fedlheim,Colby A. Foss
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2001-10-26
ISBN : 9780585404394
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

A state-of-the-art reference, Metal Nanoparticles offers the latest research on the synthesis, characterization, and applications of nanoparticles. Following an introduction of structural, optical, electronic, and electrochemical properties of nanoparticles, the book elaborates on nanoclusters, hyper-Raleigh scattering, nanoarrays, and several applications including single electron devices, chemical sensors, biomolecule sensors, and DNA detection. The text emphasizes how size, shape, and surface chemistry affect particle performance throughout. Topics include synthesis and formation of nanoclusters, nanosphere lithography, modeling of nanoparticle optical properties, and biomolecule sensors.

UV VIS and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization

UV VIS and Photoluminescence Spectroscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization Book
Author : Challa S. S. R. Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2016-05-01
ISBN : 9783662509111
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

The second in a 40-volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, this book offers a thorough overview of UV-visible and photoluminescence spectroscopy for the characterization of nanomaterials. Covers modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques.

Supercritical Production of Nanoparticles

Supercritical Production of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2006
ISBN : 0987650XXX
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Supercritical Production of Nanoparticles book written by , available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles

Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-10-16
ISBN : 0128133589
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Colloidal Metal Oxide Nanoparticles: Synthesis, Characterization and Applications is a one-stop reference for anyone with an interest in the fundamentals, synthesis and applications of this interesting materials system. The book presents a simple, effective and detailed discussion on colloidal metal oxide nanoparticles. It begins with a general introduction of colloidal metal oxide nanoparticles, then delves into the most relevant synthesis pathways, stabilization procedures, and synthesis and characterization techniques. Final sections discuss promising applications, including bioimaging, biosensing, diagnostic, and energy applications—i.e., solar cells, supercapacitors and environment applications—i.e., the treatment of contaminated soil, water purification and waste remediation. Provides the most comprehensive resource on the topic, from fundamentals, to synthesis and characterization techniques Presents key applications, including biomedical, energy, electronic and environmental Discusses the most relevant techniques for synthesis, patterning and characterization

Green Synthesis Characterization and Applications of Nanoparticles

Green Synthesis  Characterization and Applications of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Ashutosh Kumar Shukla,Siavash Iravani
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-11-26
ISBN : 0081025807
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Green Synthesis, Characterization and Applications of Nanoparticles shows how eco-friendly nanoparticles are engineered and used. In particular, metal nanoparticles, metal oxide nanoparticles and other categories of nanoparticles are discussed. The book outlines a range of methodologies and explores the appropriate use of each. Characterization methods include spectroscopic, microscopic and diffraction methods, but magnetic resonance methods are also included as they can be used to understand the mechanism of nanoparticle synthesis using organisms. Applications covered include targeted drug delivery, water purification and hydrogen generation. This is an important research resource for those wishing to learn more about how eco-efficient nanoparticles can best be used. Theoretical details and mathematical derivations are kept to a necessary minimum to suit the need of interdisciplinary audiences and those who may be relatively new to the field. Explores recent trends in growth, characterization, properties and applications of nanoparticles Gives readers an understanding on how they are applied through the use of case studies and examples Assesses the advantages and disadvantages of a variety of synthesis and characterization techniques for green nanoparticles in different situations

Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials

Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials Book
Author : Challa S.S.R. Kumar
Publisher : Springer
Release : 2017-04-24
ISBN : 3662527804
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Sixth volume of a 40 volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Magnetic Characterization Techniques for Nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume an essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Silver Micro Nanoparticles

Silver Micro Nanoparticles Book
Author : Samir Kumar,Prabhat Kumar,Chandra Shakher Pathak
Publisher : BoD – Books on Demand
Release : 2021-09-15
ISBN : 1839686596
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This book describes the different methodologies for producing and synthesizing silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) of various shapes and sizes. It also provides an in-depth understanding of the new methods for characterizing and modifying the properties of AgNPs as well as their properties and applications in various fields. This book is a useful resource for a wide range of readers, including scientists, engineers, doctoral and postdoctoral fellows, and scientific professionals working in specialized fields such as medicine, nanotechnology, spectroscopy, analytical chemistry diagnostics, and plasmonics.

Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films

Nanoparticles and Nanostructured Films Book
Author : Janos H. Fendler
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2008-11-21
ISBN : 3527612068
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

In this concise handbook leading experts give a broad overview of the latest developments in this emerging and fascinating field of nano-sized materials. Coverage includes new techniques for the synthesis of nanoparticles as well as an in-depth treatment of their characterization and chemical and physical properties. The future applications of these advanced materials are also discussed. The wealth of information included makes this an invaluable guide for graduate students as well as scientists in materials science, chemistry or physics - looking for a comprehensive treatment of the topic.

Polymer Nanocomposites Based on Silver Nanoparticles

Polymer Nanocomposites Based on Silver Nanoparticles Book
Author : Hiran Mayookh Lal
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-24
ISBN : 3030442594
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Polymer Nanocomposites Based on Silver Nanoparticles book written by Hiran Mayookh Lal, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.