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Characterization Of Nanomaterials In Complex Environmental And Biological Media

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Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-06-01
ISBN : 0080999506
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Characterization of Nanomaterials in Complex Environmental and Biological Media covers the novel properties of nanomaterials and their applications to consumer products and industrial processes. The book fills the growing gap in this challenging area, bringing together disparate strands in chemistry, physics, biology, and other relevant disciplines. It provides an overview on nanotechnology, nanomaterials, nano(eco)toxicology, and nanomaterial characterization, focusing on the characterization of a range of nanomaterial physicochemical properties of relevance to environmental and toxicological studies and their available analytical techniques. Readers will find a multidisciplinary approach that provides highly skilled scientists, engineers, and technicians with the tools they need to understand and interpret complicated sets of data obtained through sophisticated analytical techniques. Addresses the requirements, challenges, and solutions for nanomaterial characterization in environmentally complex media Focuses on technique limitations, appropriate data collection, data interpretation, and analysis Aids in understanding and comparing nanomaterial characterization data reported in the literature using different analytical tools Includes case studies of characterization relevant complex media to enhance understanding

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment Book
Author : Nelson Marmiroli,Jason C. White,Jing Song
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-05-28
ISBN : 0128148365
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Exposure to Engineered Nanomaterials in the Environment provide a new, holistic framework for testing and evaluating the potential benefits and risks of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs), including their potential socioeconomic impacts, ethical issues and consumers’ expectations and fears. The book covers nanomaterial presence in various environments, agroecosystems and other areas within the human sphere of actions. The book includes sections on (i) Chemical, physical and biological properties, (ii) Presence and diffusion of ENMs in human environments, agriculture, food and drug products, (iii) ENMs as a pillar in biological and medical research, and (iv) Social and regulatory issues emerging from years of application. The book is designed to increase awareness to key end-users and stakeholders, including food producers and processors, industry, representatives of society and consumers, and those looking to implement an accurate and effective risk analysis procedure that promotes the sustainable use of nanotechnology. Assesses both the positive and negative impacts of engineered nanomaterials in the environment Shows how engineered nanomaterials are used in agricultural environments, food products, drugs and cosmetics Discusses the unique properties of a range of engineered nanomaterials that lead to their environmental effects

Physico Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials

Physico Chemical Properties of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Richard C. Pleus,Vladimir Murashov
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2018-07-17
ISBN : 1351168584
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Throughout human history, we have long encountered the combination of promise, risk, and uncertainty that accompanies emerging technologies. Nanotechnology is a recent example of an emerging technology that promises to drastically improve existing products as well as allow for creative development of new goods and services. This new technology also has its potential downsides. Industry, academia, and regulatory agencies are all working overtime to assess risks accurately while keeping up with the pace of development. Subtle changes in the physicochemical properties of engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) can influence their toxicity and behavior in the environment and so can be used to help control potential ENM risks. This book attempts to encompass the state of the science regarding physicochemical characterization of ENMs. It illuminates the effort to understand these properties and how they may be used to ensure safe ENM deployment in existing or future materials and products.

Nanomaterials and Their Interactive Behavior with Biomolecules Cells and Tissues

Nanomaterials and Their Interactive Behavior with Biomolecules  Cells and Tissues Book
Author : Yogendrakumar H. Lahir,Pramod Avti
Publisher : Bentham Science Publishers
Release : 2020-08-04
ISBN : 9811461767
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoscience is a multidisciplinary area of science which enables researchers to create tools that help in understanding the mechanisms related to the interactions between nanomaterials and biomolecules (nanotechnology). Nanomaterials represent nanotechnology products. These products have an enormous impact on technical industries and the quality of human life. Nanomaterials directly or indirectly have to interact with biosystems. It is, therefore, essential to understand the beneficial and harmful interactions of nanomaterials with and within a biosystem, especially with reference to humans. This book provides primary and advanced information concerning the interactions between nanomaterials and the components of a typical biosystem to readers. Chapters in the book cover, in a topic-based approach, the many facets of nanomolecular interactions with biological molecules and systems that influence their behavior, bioavailability and biocompatibility (including nucleic acids, cell membranes, tissues, enzymes and antibodies). A note on the applications of nanomaterials is also presented in the conclusion of the book to illustrate the usefulness of this class of materials. The contents of the book will benefit students, researchers, and technicians involved in the fields of biological sciences, such as cell biology, medicine, molecular biology, food technology, cosmetology, pharmacology, biotechnology, and environmental sciences. The book also provides information for the material science personnel, enabling them to understand the basics of target-oriented nanomaterials design for specific objectives.

Computational Modelling of Nanomaterials

Computational Modelling of Nanomaterials Book
Author : Panagiotis Grammatikopoulos
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-10-01
ISBN : 0128214988
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Due to their small size and their dependence on very fast phenomena, nanomaterials are ideal systems for computational modelling. This book provides an overview of various nanosystems classified by their dimensions: 0D (nanoparticles, QDs, etc.), 1D (nanowires, nanotubes), 2D (thin films, graphene, etc.), 3D (nanostructured bulk materials, devices). Fractal dimensions, such as nanoparticle agglomerates, percolating films and combinations of materials of different dimensionalities are also covered (e.g. epitaxial decoration of nanowires by nanoparticles, i.e. 0D+1D nanomaterials). For each class, the focus will be on growth, structure, and physical/chemical properties. The book presents a broad range of techniques, including density functional theory, molecular dynamics, non-equilibrium molecular dynamics, finite element modelling (FEM), numerical modelling and meso-scale modelling. The focus is on each method’s relevance and suitability for the study of materials and phenomena in the nanoscale. This book is an important resource for understanding the mechanisms behind basic properties of nanomaterials, and the major techniques for computational modelling of nanomaterials. Explores the major modelling techniques used for different classes of nanomaterial Assesses the best modelling technique to use for each different type of nanomaterials Discusses the challenges of using certain modelling techniques with specific nanomaterials

Colloids for Nanobiotechnology

Colloids for Nanobiotechnology Book
Author : Wolfgang Parak,Neus Feliu
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2020-04-26
ISBN : 0081028296
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Colloids for Nanobiotechnology: Synthesis, Characterization and Potential Applications, Volume 17, offers a range of perspectives on emerging nano-inspired colloidal applications. With an emphasis on biomedical and environmental opportunities and challenges, the book outlines how nanotechnology is being used to increase the uses and impact of colloid science. Nanotechnology offers new horizons for colloidal research and synthesis routes that allow for the production of highly reproducible and defined materials. This book presents new characterization methods and a fundamental understanding of basic physicochemical, physical and chemical properties. Explores the use of nanotechnology in enhancing colloidal characterization techniques Explains how colloids are being used in a range of nanomedical applications Demonstrates how nanotechnology is being used to create more efficient colloidal synthesis techniques

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices Book
Author : Paolo Milani
Publisher : Unknown
Release : 2020-03
ISBN : 0081025157
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Cluster Beam Deposition of Functional Nanomaterials and Devices, Volume 15, provides up-to-date information on the CBD of novel nanomaterials and devices. The book offers an overview of gas phase synthesis in a range of nanoparticles, along with discussions on the development of several devices and applications. Applications include, but are not limited to catalysis, smart nanocomposites, nanoprobes, electronic devices, gas sensors and biosensors. This is an important reference source for materials scientists and engineers who want to learn more about this sustainable, innovative manufacturing technology.

Analysis and Characterisation of Metal Based Nanomaterials

Analysis and Characterisation of Metal Based Nanomaterials Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-05-28
ISBN : 0323853064
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Analysis and Characterisation of Metal-Based Nanomaterials, Volume 93 in the Comprehensive Analytical Chemistry series, introduces recent developments in analytical methodologies for detection, characterization and quantification of metal-based nanomaterials and their applications to a variety of complex environmental, biological and food samples as well as different consumer products. Single-particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is highlighted as a powerful analytical tool for number-based concentration and size distribution, also from the metrological viewpoint. An emerging approach for the measurement of multi-metal nanoparticles by single-particle inductively coupled plasma time-of-flight mass spectrometry is discussed. Imaging of metal-based nanoparticles by hyphenated inductively coupled plasma-based techniques is also introduced. The potential of different liquid chromatography and field flow fractionation separation techniques hyphenated to inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry is emphasized as a powerful tool in particular for complex matrices and small particles sizes. The use of different microscopic techniques for the characterization of metal-based nanoparticles and characterization of metal-based nanoparticles as contrast agents for magnetic resonance imaging are presented. Moreover, occurrence, behaviour and fate of inorganic nanoparticles in the environment is overviewed. Finally, the need for quality control standards and reference nano-materials is emphasized throughout. Presents recent developments in analytical methodologies based on mass spectrometry, light scattering and microscopic techniques for detection, characterization and quantification of metal-based nanomaterials Describes applications of the nanoparticle analysis in a variety of complex environmental, biological and food samples as well as different consumer products Provides the metrological aspects for the analysis of metal-based nanoparticles when using emerging techniques such as single-particle inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry

Nanoscale Electrochemistry

Nanoscale Electrochemistry Book
Author : Andrew J. Wain,Edmund J. F. Dickinson
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2021-09-24
ISBN : 0128200561
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanoscale Electrochemistry, Volume 20 focuses on the challenges and advances involved in electrochemical nanoscience at solid-liquid interfaces, highlighting the most recent developments. Nanotechnology has had a tremendous impact on the multidisciplinary field of electrochemistry, yielding new fundamental insights that have furthered our understanding of interfacial processes, thus stimulating new and diverse applications. Sections cover the principles of nanoscale electrochemical systems, emphasizing their unique behavior when compared to their macro/microscopic counterparts, present analytical applications such as sensing and bioelectrochemistry, and describe exciting, new “single entity based electrochemical methodologies that are specific to the nanoscale, including nanoparticle impacts and nanopore methods. The book's final three chapters address the rich overlap between electrochemistry and nanomaterials science, highlighting notable applications in energy conversion and storage. This is an important reference for those in both academia and industry who are seeking to learn more about how nanoscale electrochemistry has developed in recent years. Outlines the major applications of nanoscale electrochemistry in energy storage, spectroscopy and biology Summarizes the major principles of nanoscale electrochemical systems, exploring how they differ from similar system types Discusses the major challenges of electrochemical analysis at the nanoscale

Nanotechnology

Nanotechnology Book
Author : Muhammad Bilal Tahir
Publisher : Springer Nature
Release : 2021-10-26
ISBN : 9811594376
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Download Nanotechnology book written by Muhammad Bilal Tahir, available in PDF, EPUB, and Kindle, or read full book online anywhere and anytime. Compatible with any devices.

Computational Modelling of Nanoparticles

Computational Modelling of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Stefan T. Bromley,Scott M. Woodley
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2018-09-12
ISBN : 0081022751
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Computational Modelling of Nanoparticles highlights recent advances in the power and versatility of computational modelling, experimental techniques, and how new progress has opened the door to a more detailed and comprehensive understanding of the world of nanomaterials. Nanoparticles, having dimensions of 100 nanometers or less, are increasingly being used in applications in medicine, materials and manufacturing, and energy. Spanning the smallest sub-nanometer nanoclusters to nanocrystals with diameters of 10s of nanometers, this book provides a state-of-the-art overview on how computational modelling can provide, often otherwise unobtainable, insights into nanoparticulate structure and properties. This comprehensive, single resource is ideal for researchers who want to start/improve their nanoparticle modelling efforts, learn what can be (and what cannot) achieved with computational modelling, and understand more clearly the value and details of computational modelling efforts in their area of research. Explores how computational modelling can be successfully applied at the nanoscale level Includes techniques for the computation modelling of different types of nanoclusters, including nanoalloy clusters, fullerines and Ligated and/or solvated nanoclusters Offers complete coverage of the use of computational modelling at the nanoscale, from characterization and processing, to applications

Nanostructured Thin Films

Nanostructured Thin Films Book
Author : Maria Benelmekki,Andreas Erbe
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-08-25
ISBN : 0081025734
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Nanostructured Thin Films: Fundamentals and Applications presents an overview of the synthesis and characterization of thin films and their nanocomposites. Both vapor phase and liquid phase approaches are discussed, along with the methods that are sufficiently attractive for large-scale production. Examples of applications in clean energy, sensors, biomedicine, anticorrosion and surface modification are also included. As the applications of thin films in nanomedicine, cell phones, solar cell-powered devices, and in the protection of structural materials continues to grow, this book presents an important research reference for anyone seeking an informed overview on their structure and applications. Shows how thin films are being used to create more efficient devices in the fields of medicine and energy harvesting Discusses how to alter the design of nanostructured thin films by vapor phase and liquid phase methods Explores how modifying the structure of thin films for specific applications enhances their performance

Self Assembly of Nano and Micro structured Materials Using Colloidal Engineering

Self Assembly of Nano  and Micro structured Materials Using Colloidal Engineering Book
Author : Dwaipayan Chakrabarti,Stefano Sacanna
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2019-04-25
ISBN : 0081023030
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Self-assembly of Nano- and Micro-structured Materials Using Colloidal Engineering, Volume 12, covers the recent breakthroughs in the design and manufacture of functional colloids at the micro- and nanoscale level. In addition, it provides analyses on how these functionalities can be exploited to develop self-assembly pathways towards nano- and micro-structured materials. As we seek increasingly complex functions for colloidal superstructures, in silico design will play a critical role in guiding experimental fabrication by reducing the element of trial-and-error that would otherwise be involved. In addition to novel experimental approaches, recent developments in computational modelling are also presented, along with an overview of the arsenal of designing tools that are available to the modern materials scientist. Focuses on promoting feedback between experiment, theory and computation in this cross-disciplinary research area Shows how colloid science plays a crucial role in the bottom-up fabrication of nanostructured materials Presents recent developments in computational modelling

Protected Metal Clusters From Fundamentals to Applications

Protected Metal Clusters  From Fundamentals to Applications Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2015-09-06
ISBN : 0444635025
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Protected Metal Clusters: From Fundamentals to Applications surveys the fundamental concepts and potential applications of atomically precise metal clusters protected by organic ligands. As this class of materials is now emerging as a result of breakthroughs in synthesis and characterization that have taken place over the last few years, the book provides the first reference with a focus on these exciting novel nanomaterials, explaining their formation, and how, and why, they play an important role in the future of molecular electronics, catalysis, sensing, biological imaging, and medical diagnosis and therapy. Surveys the fundamental concepts and potential applications of atomically precise metal clusters protected by organic ligands. Provides well-organized, tutorial style chapters that are ideal for teaching and self-study In-depth descriptions by top scientists in the field Presents the state-of-the art of protected metal clusters and their future prospects

Materials and Processes for Next Generation Lithography

Materials and Processes for Next Generation Lithography Book
Author : Anonim
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-11-08
ISBN : 0081003587
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

As the requirements of the semiconductor industry have become more demanding in terms of resolution and speed it has been necessary to push photoresist materials far beyond the capabilities previously envisioned. Currently there is significant worldwide research effort in to so called Next Generation Lithography techniques such as EUV lithography and multibeam electron beam lithography. These developments in both the industrial and the academic lithography arenas have led to the proliferation of numerous novel approaches to resist chemistry and ingenious extensions of traditional photopolymers. Currently most texts in this area focus on either lithography with perhaps one or two chapters on resists, or on traditional resist materials with relatively little consideration of new approaches. This book therefore aims to bring together the worlds foremost resist development scientists from the various community to produce in one place a definitive description of the many approaches to lithography fabrication. Assembles up-to-date information from the world’s premier resist chemists and technique development lithographers on the properties and capabilities of the wide range of resist materials currently under investigation Includes information on processing and metrology techniques Brings together multiple approaches to litho pattern recording from academia and industry in one place

Structure and Properties of Nanoalloys

Structure and Properties of Nanoalloys Book
Author : Riccardo Ferrando
Publisher : Elsevier
Release : 2016-09-03
ISBN : 0081002475
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Structure and Properties of Nanoalloys is devoted to the topic of alloy nanoparticles, the bi-or multicomponent metallic nanoparticles that are often called nanoalloys. The interest in nanoalloys stems from the wide spectrum of their possible applications in the fields of catalysis, magnetism, and optics. Nanoalloys are also interesting from a basic science point-of-view due to the complexity of their structures and properties. Nanoalloys are presently a very lively research area, with impressive developments in the last ten years. This book meets the need to systematize the wealth of experimental and computational results generated over the last decade. Provides a well-organized, coherent overall structure, with a tutorial style format ideal for teaching and self-study In-depth and fluent descriptions by a single leading academic Presents a wealth of experimental and computational results generated over the last decade

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment

Engineered Nanoparticles and the Environment Book
Author : Baoshan Xing,Chad D. Vecitis,Nicola Senesi
Publisher : John Wiley & Sons
Release : 2016-09-21
ISBN : 1119275849
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Details the source, release, exposure, adsorption, aggregation, bioavailability, transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles found in many common products and applications Covers synthesis, environmental application, detection, and characterization of engineered nanoparticles Details the toxicity and risk assessment of engineered nanoparticles Includes topics on the transport, transformation, and modeling of engineered nanoparticles Presents the latest developments and knowledge of engineered nanoparticles Written by world leading experts from prestigious universities and companies

21st Century Nanoscience A Handbook

21st Century Nanoscience   A Handbook Book
Author : Klaus D. Sattler
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2020-04-02
ISBN : 1000698270
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

This up-to-date reference is the most comprehensive summary of the field of nanoscience and its applications. It begins with fundamental properties at the nanoscale and then goes well beyond into the practical aspects of the design, synthesis, and use of nanomaterials in various industries. It emphasizes the vast strides made in the field over the past decade – the chapters focus on new, promising directions as well as emerging theoretical and experimental methods. The contents incorporate experimental data and graphs where appropriate, as well as supporting tables and figures with a tutorial approach.

Biomedical Application of Nanoparticles

Biomedical Application of Nanoparticles Book
Author : Bertrand Henri Rihn
Publisher : CRC Press
Release : 2017-09-05
ISBN : 1351648411
Language : En, Es, Fr & De

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Book Description :

Biomedical Application of Nanoparticles explores nanoparticles, their chemical and physicals properties, and how they interact in biological systems with proteins, immune system and targeted cells. Risk assessment of nanoparticles for human is described, including: cellular paradigms, transcriptomics and toxicogenomics. Finally, the applications of nanoparticles in medicine and antioxidant regenerative therapeutics are presented in several chapters with emphasis on how nanoparticles enhance transport of drugs across biological membrane barriers and therefore may enhance drug bioavailability.